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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534379/dosimetry-study-on-radioactive-particle-brachytherapy-in-oral-carcinoma
#1
Zhang Jie, Meng Jian, Zhuang Qianwei, Li Zhiping
PURPOSE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of different doses of (125)I radioactive particle brachytherapy on oral cancer. METHODS: Between September 2012 and September 2015, 78 patients with oral cancer who received (125)I radioactive particle brachytherapy for the first time in our hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into high dose (≥3) and low dose (<3) groups. The treatment outcome, serum tumor marker levels and the expression levels of autophagy and apoptotic genes in tumor cells were compared between groups...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534370/research-on-the-coagulation-function-changes-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-and-analysis-of-their-correlation-with-metastasis-and-survival
#2
Yongjun Qi, Jingwei Fu
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between coagulation function and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. METHODS: 539 patients who were admitted to our hospital for the first time from December 2008 to December 2013 and pathologically diagnosed as NSCLC were enrolled in this study (study group), while 80 healthy persons served as controls (control group). Morning fasting venous blood samples were collected for coagulation function indexes, such as prothrombin time (PT), prothrombin time activity (PTA), international normalized ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (Fib), D-dimer (D-D) and platelet count (PLT) and the coagulation function and survival rate were compared...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534309/environmental-monitoring-and-assessment-of-antibacterial-metabolite-producing-actinobacteria-screened-from-marine-sediments-in-south-coastal-regions-of-karnataka-india
#3
Sinosh Skariyachan, Shruthi Garka, Sushmitha Puttaswamy, Shobitha Shanbhogue, Raksha Devaraju, Rajeswari Narayanappa
Assessment of the therapeutic potential of secondary metabolite producing microorganisms from the marine coastal areas imparts scope and application in the field of environmental monitoring. The present study aims to screen metabolites with antibacterial potential from actionbacteria associated with marine sediments collected from south coastal regions of Karnataka, India. The actinobacteria were isolated and characterized from marine sediments by standard protocol. The metabolites were extracted, and antibacterial potential was analyzed against eight hospital associated bacteria...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533875/-management-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-about-138-cases
#4
Bouchra Habibi, Leila Achachi, Sohaib Hayoun, Mohammed Raoufi, Laila Herrak, Mustapha El Ftouh
Pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural cavity. We conducted a retrospective study of patients with spontaneous pneumothorax in the Department of Pneumology at the Ibn Sina Hospital in Rabat (2009-2011) with the aim to determine the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, therapeutic and evolutionary manifestation of spontaneous pneumothorax. The study involved 138 patients: 128 men and 10 women (17-83 years), with an average age of 44.5 +/- 17.4 years and sex ratio of 12/8. 81.2% of patients were smokers...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533073/the-impact-of-sevoflurane-on-coupling-of-the-left-ventricular-to-systemic-vasculature-in-rats-with-chronic-pulmonary-hypertension
#5
Lu Wang, Hui Luo, Gang Qin, Yanan Cao, Xiaowei Gao, Zhong Zhang, Zhi Ye, Junjie Zhang, Qulian Guo, E Wang
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between left ventricular function and afterload has not been investigated as much as the right ventricular function under chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) during anesthesia. This study was designed to investigate effects of sevoflurane on the intrinsic coupling relationship between the left ventricle and systemic vasculature in the presence of PH. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled study. SETTING: University hospital...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532922/awake-craniotomy-anesthesia-a-comparison-between-the-monitored-anesthesia-care-versus-the-asleep-awake-asleep-technique
#6
Chikezie I Eseonu, Karim ReFaey, Oscar Garcia, Amballur John, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Punita Tripathi
BACKGROUND: The commonly used sedation techniques for an awake craniotomy includes monitored anesthesia care(MAC), using an unprotected airway, or the asleep-awake-asleep(AAA) technique, using a partially or totally protected airway. We present a comparative analysis between the MAC and AAA technique evaluating anesthetic management, perioperative outcomes, and complications in a consecutive series of patients undergoing the removal of an eloquent brain lesion. METHODS: Eighty-one patients underwent an awake craniotomy for an intracranial lesion over a nine-year period by a single-surgeon and a team of anesthesiologists...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529023/clinical-efficacy-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-in-men-younger-than-50-years-old-with-an-elevated-prostate-specific-antigen-concentration-4-0%C3%A2-ng-ml
#7
Chin-Heng Lu, Tzu-Ping Lin, She Huei Shen, Yi-Hsiu Huang, Hsiao-Jen Chung, Junne-Yih Kuo, William J S Huang, Howard H H Wu, Yen-Hwa Chang, Alex T L Lin, Kuang-Kuo Chen
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is not commonly found in men younger than 50 years of age. However, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration has been examined more frequently at a younger age in Asia partially due to an increased awareness of prostate cancer. The purpose of our study was to investigate the efficacy and complication of PSA-triggered transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate (TRUSP) biopsies. We retrospectively reviewed TRUSP biopsies in young men with elevated PSA concentration in Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524037/-clinical-analysis-of-53-patients-with-clostridium-botulinum-food-poisoning
#8
Peng Zhang, Jianguang Dong, Lili Bai, Zewu Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiologic data of patients with Clostridium botulinum food poisoning, and to improve the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of food borne botulism. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Fifty-three patients with Clostridium botulinum food poisoning admitted to Chinese PLA Center of Poisoning and Treatment from January 2009 to December 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into mild, moderate, and severe groups according to the severity of disease...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523862/transatlantic-medical-consultation-and-second-opinion-in-pediatric-cardiology-has-benefit-past-patient-care-a-case-study-in-videoconferencing
#9
Lubica Kovacikova, Martin Zahorec, Peter Skrak, Brian D Hanna, R Lee Vogel
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is a rapidly evolving form of modern information and communication technology used to deliver clinical services and educational activities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to report and analyze our experience with transatlantic consultation via videoconferencing in pediatric cardiology. METHODS: In February, 2013, videoconferencing project was launched between a medium-volume pediatric cardiac center in Bratislava, Slovakia and subspecialty experts from a high-volume pediatric cardiac program at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), USA...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521763/assessment-of-neurologists-knowledge-regarding-intravenous-fibrinolytic-therapy-for-acute-stroke-in-shanxi-province-in-china
#10
Liansheng Ma, Xiaoyuan Niu, Wei Zhang, Yalan Fang, Jie Wang
BACKGROUND: Limitations in physicians' knowledge regarding fibrinolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke may contribute to low rate of fibrinolytic therapy in China. Here physicians' knowledge was surveyed on intravenous fibrinolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Neurologists (n = 175) from 27 major general hospitals in Shanxi province, P. R. China, were invited to complete questionnaires regarding their basic knowledge of intravenous fibrinolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke...
May 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521032/a-neglected-cause-of-iatrogenic-brachial-plexus-injuries-in-psychiatric-patients
#11
José Fernando Guedes-Corrêa, Maristella Reis da Costa Pereira, Francisco José Lourenço Torrão-Junior, José Vicente Martins, Daniel Alves Neiva Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are often kept immobilized during hospitalization to avoid self-inflicted injuries and danger to third parties. Inadequate positioning can lead to brachial plexus injuries (BPI). OBJECTIVE: To present a series of 5 psychiatric patients with BPI after being left sedated and restrained for prolonged periods of time during hospitalization. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 5 psychiatric patients with iatrogenic BPI referred by other institutions to our service...
May 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520664/follow-up-care-adherence-after-hospital-discharge-in-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Alexandra J Spaw, Jennifer P Lundine, Sarah A Johnson, Jin Peng, Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Ginger Yang, Kathy J Haley, Jonathan I Groner, Henry Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with follow-up care adherence in children hospitalized because of traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: An urban level 1 children's hospital trauma registry was queried to identify patients (2-18 years) hospitalized with a TBI in 2013 to 2014. Chart reviewers assessed discharge summaries and follow-up instructions in 4 departments. MAIN MEASURES: Three levels of adherence-nonadherence, partial adherence, and full adherence-and their associations with care delivery, patient, and injury factors...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520652/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-laparoscopic-and-open-distal-pancreatectomy-of-nonductal-adenocarcinomatous-pancreatic-tumor-ndacpt-in-the-pancreatic-body-and-tail
#13
Xiaojiang Yi, Sile Chen, Wei Wang, Liaonan Zou, Dechang Diao, Yansheng Zheng, Yaobin He, Hongming Li, Lijie Luo, Wenjun Xiong, Jin Wan
BACKGROUND: Currently, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is regarded as a safe and effective surgical approach for lesions in the body and tail of the pancreas. This review examined the evidence from published data of comparative studies of laparoscopic versus open distal pancreatectomy of nonductal adenocarcinomatous pancreatic tumor in pancreatic body and tail. METHODS: A systematic review of the studies comparing laparoscopic and open distal pancreatectomy was conducted...
May 17, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516395/thoracoscopic-partial-resection-without-using-a-stapler-complete-republication
#14
Toshiya Toyazaki, Yasuaki Tomioka, Naohisa Chiba, Yuichiro Ueda, Yasuto Sakaguchi, Masashi Gotoh, Shinya Ishikawa, Tatsuo Nakagawa
Thoracoscopic partial pulmonary resection for small peripheral nodules without using a stapler has been introduced to our hospital. After partial resection was performed with electrocautery, two different methods of surface sealing were used: a coagulation method (C method) with Soft Coagulation alone, and a coagulation-suturing method (CS method) with Soft Coagulation combined with continuous suturing. The clinical outcomes of the two methods were retrospectively compared in this study. The C method was used in 19 lesions of 18 cases, and the CS method was used in 20 lesions of 19 cases...
May 17, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513890/risk-of-hospitalisation-after-early-revisit-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Giorgio Cozzi, Sergio Ghirardo, Ilaria Fiorese, Ilaria Proietti, Lorenzo Monasta, Marta Minute, Egidio Barbi, Lorenzo Calligaris
AIM: Early-revisits are frequent in the paediatric emergency department (ED) setting, but few data are available about early-revisited patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the hospitalisation rate of a population of early-revisited patients and to detect if an early-revisited patient was at risk of a more severe disease. METHODS: Between June 2014 and January 2015, we conducted a retrospective cohort study, considering all patients presented to the ED of a tertiary level children's hospital in Italy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511890/intratympanic-steroid-delivery-by-an-indwelling-catheter-in-refractory-severe-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#16
Diego Zanetti, Federica Di Berardino, Nader Nassif, Luca Oscar Redaelli De Zinis
OBJECTIVE: Many studies over the last decade showed favorable outcomes with intratympanic (IT) steroid treatment, alone as salvage treatment or in combination with conventional systemic therapy (ST). However, in severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss resistant to ST, the optimal infusion mode, the type and concentration of the solution, the preferable drug, its total amount, and the duration and fractionation of the treatment are still debated. Aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and the outcomes of a direct and constant IT delivery of dexamethasone (DEX) by means of a new indwelling catheter...
May 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511630/corpus-callosotomy-for-intractable-epilepsy-revisited-the-children-s-hospital-of-michigan-series
#17
Aimee F Luat, Eishi Asano, Ajay Kumar, Harry T Chugani, Sandeep Sood
Corpus callosotomy is a palliative procedure performed to reduce the severity of drug-resistant epilepsy. The authors assessed its efficacy on different seizure types in 20 subjects (age range 5-19 years); 8 with active vagus nerve stimulator. Fifteen had complete callosotomy, 3 had anterior 2/3, and 2 had anterior 2/3 followed later by complete callosotomy. Ten had endoscopic approach. In all, 65% had ≥ 50% reduction of generalized seizures leading to falls (atonic, tonic, myoclonic); 35% became seizure-free (follow-up period: 6 months to 9 years; mean 3 years)...
June 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511582/evaluation-of-an-unfractionated-heparin-pharmacy-dosing-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-nonobese-obese-and-severely-obese-patients
#18
Lindsey M Hosch, Emily Y Breedlove, Lauren E Scono, Chad A Knoderer
BACKGROUND: Despite large interpatient variability in dose response, heparin is utilized for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Current data on the optimal heparin dosing in obese patients are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the time and dose required to achieve a therapeutic activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) in nonobese, obese, and severely obese patients using a pharmacist-directed heparin dosing protocol. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in a single-center community hospital inpatient setting...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511457/leptin-as-a-predictive-marker-in-unexplained-infertility-in-north-indian-population
#19
Pratibha Kumari, S P Jaiswar, Pushplata Shankhwar, Sujata Deo, Kalim Ahmad, Bushra Iqbal, A A Mahdi
INTRODUCTION: According to WHO, the primary infertility in India is about 3.9% (age-standardized to 25-49 year) and 16.8% (age-standardized to 15-49 year), using the "age but no birth" definition. Several factors which affect fertility include low sperm production in men, poor egg quality and blocked fallopian tubes in women and also hormonal imbalances. Leptin plays a critical role in women's reproduction and neuroendocrine health. It is used for treating exercise-induced bone loss, eating disorders and infertility...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511309/-effect-of-occupational-exposure-on-job-burnout-in-nurses
#20
L G Zhang, T T Jin, Y Y Zhou, J D Yu, F Y Yu
Objective: To investigate the effect of occupational exposure on job burnout in nurses, and to analyze the mediating effect of negative emotion between occupational exposure and job burnout and the regulatory effect of supervisor support on occupational exposure and negative emotion. Methods: From September to December, 2015, simple random sampling was used to select 543 nurses from six tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang Province, China. The questionnaires consisted of occupational exposure risk questionnaire, negative emotion questionnaire, supervisor support questionnaire, and job burnout questionnaire...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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