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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922514/factors-associated-with-intestinal-constipation-in-chronic-patients-with-stroke-sequelae-undergoing-rehabilitation
#1
Tânia Mara Nascimento de Miranda Engler, Márcia Helena de Assis Aguiar, Íris Aline Brito Furtado, Samile Pereira Ribeiro, Pérola de Oliveira, Paulo Andrade Mello, Marcele Pescuma Capeletti Padula, Paulo Sérgio Siebra Beraldo
The objective of this study was to define which stroke-related factors constitute independent variables in the incidence of intestinal constipation (IC) of chronic patients admitted to a hospital rehabilitation program. All patients consecutively admitted for rehabilitation were recruited for the study. In the Poisson multiple regression analysis using a hierarchical model, sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, medication, previous history of constipation, life habits, and stroke-related variables were considered for defining factors associated with IC...
November 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920639/a-giant-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-of-the-stomach-with-extramural-growth
#2
Ryosuke Miyazaki, Seiji Arihiro, Eri Hayashi, Takuya Kitahara, Sayumi Oki, Syunsuke Kamba, Daisuke Ide, Nobuhiko Komoike, Kenichi Satoh, Tomohiro Kato, Masayuki Saruta, Hisao Tajiri, Hiroaki Aoki, Nobuo Omura, Norio Mitsumori, Takehiro Mitsuishi, Haruka Yanagisawa, Hiroyuki Takahashi
A 76-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal distention and loss of appetite. The 10% of weight lost relative to this patient in 1 month. Abdominal computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a giant mass, with a major axis of 23 cm, containing solid components, not involving the upper abdominal organs. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed extramural compression from the middle gastric body to the antrum, as well as a normal mucosal surface. These findings were suggestive of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor attached to the anterior wall of the stomach without metastasis or invasion...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920483/outcomes-of-partial-splenic-embolization-in-patients-with-massive-splenomegaly-due-to-idiopathic-portal-hypertension
#3
Omer Ozturk, Gonca Eldem, Bora Peynircioglu, Taylan Kav, Aysegul Görmez, Barbaros Erhan Cil, Ferhun Balkancı, Cenk Sokmensuer, Yusuf Bayraktar
AIM: To determine the outcomes of partial splenic embolization (PSE) for massive splenomegaly due to idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH). METHODS: In this prospective study, we evaluated the characteristics and prognosis of consecutive patients with IPH who underwent PSE for all indications at a single medical center between June 2009 and January 2015. The inclusion criteria were: presence of hypersplenism, massive splenomegaly, and resultant pancytopenia. The exclusion criteria were: presence of other diseases causing portal hypertension...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919873/managing-transitions-from-oral-factor-xa-inhibitors-to-unfractionated-heparin-infusions
#4
Andrew C Faust, Dave Kanyer, Ann K Wittkowsky
PURPOSE: Published evidence regarding the effects of oral factor Xa inhibitors on anticoagulation monitoring tests is reviewed with a focus on monitoring concerns that can arise during transitions to i.v. heparin therapy. SUMMARY: Assays that measure inhibition of factor Xa activity (i.e., anti-Xa assays) are widely used in U.S. institutions to monitor i.v. heparin therapy and, in some cases, for monitoring other types of anticoagulation therapy. Clinicians have raised concerns that the use of anti-Xa assays to monitor heparin levels in hospitalized patients who must be transitioned from oral factor Xa inhibitor therapy to i...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919848/surgical-outcomes-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-invading-hepatocaval-confluence
#5
Wei Li, Hong Wu, Jun Han
BACKGROUND: Combined liver and inferior vena cava (IVC) resection followed by IVC and/or hepatic vein reconstruction (HVR) is a curative operation for selected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invading the hepatocaval confluence. The present study aimed to elucidate the prognostic factors for patients with HCC invading the hepatocaval confluence. METHODS: Forty-two consecutive patients underwent hepatectomy, combined with IVC replacement and/or HVR for HCC between January 2009 and December 2014 were included in this study...
December 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919719/impact-of-left-heart-bypass-on-arterial-oxygenation-during-one-lung-ventilation-for-thoracic-aortic-surgery
#6
Kikuko Suga, Yoshiro Kobayashi, Ryoichi Ochiai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reveal the mechanism of improved arterial oxygenation by measuring the changes in oxygenation before and after initiation of left heart bypass (LHB) during one-lung ventilation (OLV) for thoracic aortic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Single-institution, private hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 50 patients who underwent aortic surgery via a left thoracotomy approach with LHB circulatory support...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919590/rebuttal-to-the-manuscript-by-r-j-porter-epires-d-16-00150
#7
D G A Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenité
Development of new effective medicines for patients, who continue to have seizures or experience unwanted side-effects, is an important goal. The human "Photosensitivity Model", a POC study, helps to achieve this goal by providing accurate PharmacoKinetic / PharmcoDynamic (PK/PD) data in epilepsy patients at a very early stage and in a highly controlled, standardized and safe setting (in- hospital video-EEG photic stimulation tests and single-dose AED administration). All information referred to in this rebuttal is based on evidence and not on personal communication...
November 27, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919514/the-psychological-impact-of-symptoms-related-to-esophagogastric-cancer-resection-presenting-in-primary-care-a-national-linked-database-study
#8
G Bouras, S R Markar, E M Burns, J R Huddy, A Bottle, T Athanasiou, A Darzi, G B Hanna
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate incidence, risk factors and impact of postoperative symptoms following esophagogastric cancer resection in primary care. METHODS: Patients undergoing esophagogastrectomy for cancer from 1998 to 2010 with linked records in Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Hospital Episodes Statistics and Office of National Statistics databases were studied. The recording of codes for reflux, dysphagia, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, dumping, diarrhea, steatorrhea, appetite loss, weight loss, pain and fatigue were identified up to 12 months postoperatively...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919447/case-mix-adjusted-cost-of-colectomy-at-low-middle-and-high-volume-academic-centers
#9
Alex L Chang, Young Kim, Audrey E Ertel, Richard S Hoehn, Koffi Wima, Daniel E Abbott, Shimul A Shah
BACKGROUND: Efforts to regionalize surgery based on thresholds in procedure volume may have consequences on the cost of health care delivery. This study aims to delineate the relationship between hospital volume, case mix, and variability in the cost of operative intervention using colectomy as the model. METHODS: All patients undergoing colectomy (n = 90,583) at 183 academic hospitals from 2009-2012 in The University HealthSystems Consortium Database were studied...
December 2, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919129/-a-case-of-recurrent-renal-cancer-in-the-autografted-kidney-treated-with-percutaneous-cryoablation
#10
Eisuke Tomiyama, Shinichiro Fukuhara, Takeshi Ujike, Akira Nagahara, Motohide Uemura, Hiroshi Kiuchi, Ryoichi Imamura, Yasushi Miyagawa, Mikio Nin, Norio Nonomura
We report a case of recurrent renal cancer in the autografted kidney, treated with percutaneous cryoablation. A 59-year-old man who had bilateral renal tumors underwent radical left nephrectomy, ex vivo right partial nephrectomy and auto-transplantation at the right ileal fossa in our hospital 11 years ago. Histopathological examination showed clear cell renal cell carcinoma in bilateral kidneys (pT1bN0M0). He had been followed at another hospital without tumor recurrence for 11 years. In 2014, an enhanced CT scan revealed a renal tumor with a diameter of two centimeters in the autografted kidney, which was thought to be a recurrence of the initial renal cancer...
October 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916757/-efficacy-and-safety-of-levetiracetam-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-symptomatic-refractory-epilepsy-treated-in-a-department-of-neurosurgery
#11
Keiko Suzuki, Tomoyuki Kawataki, Hiroki Sato, Masakazu Ogiwara, Hiroyuki Kinouchi
The number of patients who suffer from symptomatic partial epilepsy is significant, and those who undergo neurosurgery often experience refractory seizures. Levetiracetam (LEV) is a new-generation anti epileptic drug (AED). Previous studies have shown that LEV has favorable efficacy and a good safety profile with few drug interactions, as it has a unique pharmacological mechanism and acts on synaptic vesicle protein. This study aimed at estimate the efficacy and safety of 1,000 to 2,000 mg/day of LEV as an add-on therapy for refractory symptomatic seizures treated in the department of neurosurgery of our hospital...
December 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916434/competition-policy-for-health-care-provision-in-norway
#12
Kurt R Brekke, Odd Rune Straume
Competition policy has played a very limited role for health care provision in Norway. The main reason is that Norway has a National Health Service (NHS) with extensive public provision and a wide set of sector-specific regulations that limit the scope for competition. However, the last two decades, several reforms have deregulated health care provision and opened up for provider competition along some dimensions. For specialised care, the government has introduced patient choice and (partly) activity (DRG) based funding, but also corporatised public hospitals and allowed for more private provision...
November 23, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916210/heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-in-the-assessment-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#13
Hai-Yan Qian, Ji Huang, Yue-Jin Yang, Yan-Min Yang, Zhi-Zhong Li, Jing-Mei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) in the stratification and prognosis of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). METHODS: According to risk stratification, 69 patients with APE admitted into the emergency department within 24 hours after onset were divided into the following 3 groups: high-risk group, moderate-risk group and low-risk group. H-FABP- and cardiac troponin I (cTNI)-positive rates of all groups were analyzed and compared, and the correlation between major adverse events (death, endotracheal intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and the cardiac markers (heart rate, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, right ventricular dimension, pulmonary arterial pressure, etc...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916076/-daytime-hypercapnia-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-han-and-uygur-nationality
#14
Z M He, X L Jiang, Piliqing Da, Z Ye, J P Li, Q L Zhang, Y Chen, J Shi, M Li, F Han
Objective: To evaluate the incidence and factors related to daytime hypercapnia in Han and Uygur patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: There were 221 patients with OSAHS (include 179 Han patients and 42 Uygur patients) in Sleep Center of Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Karamay Central Hospital from 2015, Jan to Dec. All the patients underwent polysomnography (PSG), nocturnal oximetry, daytime blood gas analysis, pulmonary function test and Mouth occlusion pressure (P0...
November 29, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915372/surgical-treatment-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-in-the-second-portion-of-the-duodenum-a-single-center-experience-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Toshimitsu Iwasaki, Satoshi Nara, Yoji Kishi, Minoru Esaki, Kazuaki Shimada, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka
PURPOSE: The treatment of choice for duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) ranges from endoscopic resection and local excision to pancreaticoduodenectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal treatment for this tumor. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of 14 patients with NETs in the second portion of the duodenum who underwent surgery in our hospital from 2000 to 2015. The duodenal NETs were classified as either ampullary or non-ampullary...
December 3, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914971/once-weekly-ofatumumab-in-untreated-or-relapsed-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinaemia-an-open-label-single-arm-phase-2-study
#16
Richard R Furman, Herbert A Eradat, Christine G DiRienzo, Craig C Hofmeister, Suzanne R Hayman, John P Leonard, Morton Coleman, Ranjana Advani, Asher Chanan-Khan, Julie Switzky, Qiming M Liao, Damini Shah, Roxanne C Jewell, Steen Lisby, Thomas S Lin
BACKGROUND: The development of more effective and safer treatments, especially non-chemotherapeutics, is needed for patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and clinical activity of intravenous ofatumumab monotherapy for untreated and relapsed Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia. METHODS: We did a phase 2, open-label, single-arm study at six centres (hospitals and cancer clinics) in the USA. Patients aged at least 18 years who were diagnosed with untreated or relapsed Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia and required treatment, received up to three cycles of weekly ofatumumab for 5 weeks...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913320/the-concept-of-effective-inflow-application-to-interictal-localization-of-the-epileptogenic-focus-from-ieeg
#17
Ioannis Vlachos, Balu Krishnan, David Treiman, Konstantinos Tsakalis, Dimitris Kugiumtzis, Leon Iassemidis
GOAL: Accurate determination of the epileptogenic focus is of paramount diagnostic and therapeutic importance in epilepsy. The current gold standard for focus localization is from ictal (seizure) onset and thus requires the occurrence and recording of multiple typical seizures of a patient. Localization of the focus from seizure-free (interictal) periods remains a challenging problem, especially in the absence of interictal epileptiform activity. METHODS: By exploring the concept of effective inflow, we developed a focus localization algorithm (FLA) based on directed connectivity between brain sites...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911445/long-term-outcomes-of-punch-punctoplasty-with-kelly-punch-and-review-of-literature
#18
E S Wong, E Y Li, H K Yuen
PurposeTo report long-term outcomes of punch punctoplasty utilizing the Kelly punch and to compare the results with other described methods of punctoplasty in literature.Patients and methodsA retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of patients who underwent punch punctoplasty at the Hong Kong Eye Hospital over an 8-year period. A standard Kelly Descemet's membrane punch was utilized for punctal enlargement in all cases. Patient records and their operative records were reviewed. Anatomical success was defined by well-patent puncta on follow-up...
December 2, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909621/impact-of-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-with-and-without-ischemia-on-renal-functions-experience-in-34-cases
#19
Kemal Ener, Abdullah Erdem Canda, Serkan Altınova, Ali Fuat Atmaca, Erdal Alkan, Erem Asil, Muhammet Fuat Özcan, Ziya Akbulut, Mevlana Derya Balbay
OBJECTIVE: In this study we aimed to compare renal functions in patients who underwent robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) with on-clamp and zero- ischemia techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2009 and 2015, 12 off-clamp and 22 on-clamp RPN procedures were performed on a total of 34 patients in two centers. The main outcome parameters examined were serum creatinine, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) during preoperative, immediate postoperative periods, and at postoperative 3(rd) months...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909619/the-role-of-ultra-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-the-treatment-of-kidney-stones
#20
Abdulkadir Tepeler, İsmail Başıbüyük, Muhammed Tosun, Abdullah Armağan
OBJECTIVE: In our study we aimed to evaluate outcomes of ultra-mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (UMP) performed for the treatment of kidney stones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between October 2014 and September 2015, a single surgeon performed UMP on a total of 49 consecutive patients with symptomatic kidney stones at our center. Pregnants, anticogulant users, patients with bleeding diathesis pyonephrosis, and partial/complete staghorn stones were excluded from the study...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
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