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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925470/induction-of-labour-vs-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery-in-twin-pregnancy-after-36-weeks-of-gestation
#1
Mariana Vide Tavares, Ana Patrícia Domingues, Filipa Nunes, Margarida Tavares, Etelvina Fonseca, Paulo Moura
Time for delivery and delivery pathway in twin pregnancies are still in great debate. Our study goal was to compare the characteristics of delivery and maternal-foetal outcome in uncomplicated near-term twin pregnancies undergoing labour induction and those with spontaneous labour. We found no statistical differences in patients with twin pregnancies who underwent labour induction and those with spontaneous labour regarding the history of previous caesarean delivery, parity, pregnancy achieved by assisted reproductive techniques (ART), chorionicity and cervical dilation at the admission as well as maternal and neonatal morbidity, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925122/-abortion-and-stigma-an-analysis-of-the-scientific-literature-on-the-theme
#2
Leila Adesse, Claudia Bonan Jannotti, Katia Silveira da Silva, Vania Matos Fonseca
This article analyzes the scientific output on abortion and social stigma and the potential of the stigma category for abortion care in Brazil. An integrative review of publications on scientific databases without a time limit was conducted. Sixty-five publications with the social representations of women who had an abortion and the professionals who attended them were analyzed. The obstacles to the implementation of abortion laws and the protocols and norms that facilitate access to quality services care was explored...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925101/politicy-of-care-in-the-criticism-towards-gender-stereotypes
#3
Maria Raquel Gomes Maia Pires, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca, Beatriz Padilla
Objectives: analyze gender inequalities among Brazilian women in Portugal and in contemporary nursing based on care politicity in the light of gender; disclose oppression of the female produced by the stereotypes that look upon women as natural caregivers; point out politicity to deconstruct gender stereotypes. Method: theoretical reflection with narrative review of literature to analyze classic references in the feminist epistemology combined with the care politicity thesis...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925100/strategies-for-thirst-relief-integrative-literature-review
#4
Aline Korki Arrabal Garcia, Lígia Fahl Fonseca, Patricia Aroni, Cristina Maria Galvão
Objective: to analyze the strategies used to relieve the thirst of hospitalized patients. Method: an integrative review, for which the databases PubMed, LILACS, CINAHL and the group of references organized by the Group for Study and Research of Thirst were selected for the search of primary studies, with the keywords: thirst, ice, cold, intervention, nursing care, artificial saliva. Results: the review sample was composed of ten primary studies...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925071/gastrointestinal-parasites-of-exotic-birds-living-in-captivity-in-the-state-of-sergipe-northeastern-brazil
#5
Victor Fernando Santana Lima, Taynar Lima Bezerra, Alex Fonseca de Andrade, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Maria Aparecida da Glória Faustino, Leucio Câmara Alves, Patrícia Oliveira Meira-Santos
Brazil has a wide diversity of exotic birds that were brought to this country during the European colonization. These animals are kept in captivity and, in some cases, in inadequate facilities, which may facilitate the introduction of pathogens, including gastrointestinal parasites. The purpose of this study was to identify the main gastrointestinal parasites that affect exotic birds living in captivity in the state of Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil. Fecal samples (n = 362) from exotic birds were analyzed by direct examination and by the Willis-Mollay technique...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925066/dioctophyme-renale-nematoda-enoplida-in-domestic-dogs-and-cats-in-the-extreme-south-of-brazil
#6
Josaine Cristina da Silva Rappeti, Carolina Siqueira Mascarenhas, Soliane Carra Perera, Gertrud Müller, Fabiane Borelli Grecco, Luísa Mariano Cerqueira da Silva, Carolina da Fonseca Sapin, Stella Falkenberg Rausch, Marlete Brum Cleff
Dioctophyme renale is a zoonotic nematode that parasites the kidneys of wild and domestic carnivores, and it has been reported frequently in Brazil. The aim here was to register the number of cases of dogs and cats diagnosed with dioctophymosis by necropsy (1981 to 2014) and ultrasound examination (2010 to 2015) in Pelotas-RS. In this context, a survey was conducted on dioctophymosis cases diagnosed at the Veterinary Pathology Laboratory (LPV) and Veterinary Clinical Hospital (HCV) of the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), and at a specialist veterinary imaging diagnostics clinic...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925058/new-morphological-data-of-litomosoides-chagasfilhoi-nematoda-filarioidea-parasitizing-nectomys-squamipes-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#7
Luís Cláudio Muniz-Pereira, Paula Araujo Gonçalves, Erick Vaz Guimarães, Fábio de Oliveira Fonseca, José Augusto Albuquerque Dos Santos, Arnaldo Maldonado-Júnior, Antonio Henrique Almeida de Moraes
Litomosoides chagasfilhoi, originally described by Moraes Neto, Lanfredi & De Souza (1997) parasitizing the abdominal cavity of the wild rodent, Akodon cursor (Winge, 1887), was found in the abdominal cavity of Nectomys squamipes (Brants, 1827), from the municipality of Rio Bonito, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. This study led to addition of new morphological data and a new geographical distribution for this filarioid in Brazil. Several characters were detailed and emended to previous records of L. chagasfilhoi in N...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925042/correlation-between-maximum-voluntary-contraction-and-endurance-measured-by-digital-palpation-and-manometry-an-observational-study
#8
Fátima Faní Fitz, Liliana Stüpp, Thaís Fonseca Costa, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Rodrigo Aquino Castro
Introduction: Digital palpation and manometry are methods that can provide information regarding maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and endurance of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM), and a strong correlation between these variables can be expected. Objective: To investigate the correlation between MVC and endurance, measured by digital palpation and manometry. Method: Forty-two women, with mean age of 58.1 years (±10.2), and predominant symptoms of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), were included...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924609/constructing-tissue-microarrays-protocols-and-methods-considering-potential-advantages-and-disadvantages-for-downstream-use
#9
Lynne Bingle, Felipe P Fonseca, Paula M Farthing
Tissue microarrays were first constructed in the 1980s but were used by only a limited number of researchers for a considerable period of time. In the last 10 years there has been a dramatic increase in the number of publications describing the successful use of tissue microarrays in studies aimed at discovering and validating biomarkers. This, along with the increased availability of both manual and automated microarray builders on the market, has encouraged even greater use of this novel and powerful tool...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918868/handgrip-dynamometry-and-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-patients-with-nonresectable-lung-cancer
#10
Ana T Barata, Carla Santos, Marília Cravo, Maria do Céu Vinhas, Catarina Morais, Elisabete Carolino, Lino Mendes, Jorge Roldão Vieira, Jorge Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Undernutrition is frequently associated with advanced lung cancer. Accurate nutritional assessment tools are important to provide the proper nutritional therapy. Handgrip dynamometry has already been used in these patients, and the findings suggest that it is a good indicator of nutritional status. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between nutritional status and handgrip strength (HGS) in patients with nonresectable lung cancer...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911904/dressing-wear-time-after-breast-reconstruction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Daniela Francescato Veiga, Carlos Américo Veiga Damasceno, Joel Veiga-Filho, Luiz Francisley Paiva, Fernando Elias Martins Fonseca, Isaías Vieira Cabral, Natália Lana Larcher Pinto, Yara Juliano, Lydia Masako Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The evidence to support dressing standards for breast surgery wounds is empiric and scarce. OBJECTIVE: This two-arm randomized clinical trial was designed to assess the effect of dressing wear time on surgical site infection (SSI) rates, skin colonization and patient perceptions. METHODS: A total of 200 breast cancer patients undergoing breast reconstruction were prospectively enrolled. Patients were randomly allocated to group I (dressing removed on the first postoperative day, n = 100) or group II (dressing removed on the sixth postoperative day, n = 100)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910825/monte-carlo-studies-on-water-and-lif-cavity-properties-for-dose-reporting-quantities-when-using-x-ray-and-brachytherapy-sources
#12
Isabela Soares Lopes Branco, Paula Cristina Guimarães Antunes, Gabriel Paiva Fonseca, Hélio Yoriyaz
Model-based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCAs) are the current tools to estimate dose in brachytherapy, which takes into account heterogeneous medium, therefore, departing from water-based formalism (TG-43). One aspect associated to MBCDA is the choice of dose specification medium since it offers two possibilities to report dose: (a) dose to medium in medium, D m,m; and (b) dose to water in medium, D w,m. The discussion about the preferable quantity to be reported is underway. The dose conversion factors, DCF, between dose to water in medium, D w,m, and dose to medium in medium, D m,m, is based on cavity theory and can be obtained using different approaches...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908552/weight-following-birth-and-childhood-dietary-intake-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Maria João Fonseca, Catarina Durão, Carla Lopes, Ana Cristina Santos
OBJECTIVES: Unhealthy childhood dietary habits track through life and are independent and modifiable risk factors for disease. Therefore, it is essential to understand the factors involved. We aimed to evaluate the associations of birthweight (BW) and newborn weight change (NWC) during the first 96 h of life and childhood longitudinal weight trajectories with dietary intake at age 4. METHODS: As part of the Generation XXI birth cohort (G21), children were recruited in 2005 and 2006 at all public units providing obstetrical and neonatal care in Porto, Portugal...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906961/tracking-insecticide-resistance-in-mosquito-vectors-of-arboviruses-the-worldwide-insecticide-resistance-network-win
#14
Vincent Corbel, Nicole L Achee, Fabrice Chandre, Mamadou B Coulibaly, Isabelle Dusfour, Dina M Fonseca, John Grieco, Waraporn Juntarajumnong, Audrey Lenhart, Ademir J Martins, Catherine Moyes, Lee Ching Ng, João Pinto, Kamaraju Raghavendra, Hassan Vatandoost, John Vontas, David Weetman, Florence Fouque, Raman Velayudhan, Jean-Philippe David
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897610/effect-of-calcitriol-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-in-older-adults
#15
Jaime Alberto Bricio-Barrios, Alín Jael Palacios-Fonseca, Mario Del Toro-Equihua, Carmen Alicia Sanchez-Ramirez
Recent studies suggest that vitamin D plays an important role in the control of blood pressure. Unfortunately, because older adults are more likely to have low 25-hydroxyvitamin-D [25(OH)D] levels, this study investigated whether calcitriol supplementation reduces blood pressure in older adults with hypertension. The design was a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial with 36 randomly assigned subjects (71.7 ± 10 years). Blood pressure and serum levels of 25(OH)D before and after calcitriol intervention (1,000 IU daily for 6 weeks; n = 22) or placebo (n = 23) for 6 weeks were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897350/cooperativity-in-the-self-assembly-of-the-guanine-nucleobase-into-quartet-and-ribbon-structures-on-surfaces
#16
Gabor Paragi, Célia Fonseca Guerra
The guanine nucleobase can self-assemble into tetrameric or ribbon structures on surfaces or in solution. The origin for the occurrence of different aggregation patterns has not been investigated yet. Here, we present a quantum chemical study on the different self-assembled structures of guanine and xanthine using dispersion-corrected density functional theory. Our theoretical investigations explain from an electronic point of view the differences between the experimental findings. With quantitative Kohn-Sham molecular orbital theory and the accompanying energy decomposition analysis, we disclose the hydrogen bonding mechanism within the guanine ribbons and explain the preferred self-assembled structures under different experimental conditions...
November 29, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896641/seom-clinical-guideline-of-fertility-preservation-and-reproduction-in-cancer-patients-2016
#17
M Muñoz, A Santaballa, M A Seguí, C Beato, S de la Cruz, J Espinosa, P J Fonseca, J Perez, T Quintanar, A Blasco
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy often result in reduced fertility in cancer patients. With increasing survival rates, fertility is an important quality-of-life concern for many young cancer patients. Around 70-75% of young cancer survivors are interested in parenthood but the numbers of patients who access fertility preservation techniques prior to treatment are significantly lower. Moreover, despite existing guidelines, healthcare professionals do not address fertility preservation issues adequately. There is a critical need for improvements in clinical care to ensure patients are well informed about infertility risks and fertility preservation options and to support them in their reproductive decision-making prior to cancer treatment...
December 2016: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896562/characterization-of-isolates-of-equine-infectious-anemia-virus-in-brazil
#18
Dellane Martins Tigre, Camila Fonseca Lopes Brandão, Fabiana Lopes de Paula, Fabio Alexandre Chinalia, Gubio Soares Campos, Silvia Ines Sardi
Equine infectious anemia is an important infectious disease that affects equids worldwide. Control of the disease is currently based on detection of anti-p26 EIAV by Agar Gel Immunodiffusion (AGID). In this work, 62 animals were examined by AGID and nested-PCR using primers for the gag gene. Fifty-three samples (85.5%) were positive by nested-PCR, whereas only 33 samples (53%) were positive for AGID. Fifteen amplicons obtained by nested-PCR were sequenced and the aligned results subjected to phylogenetic analysis...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894724/susceptibility-of-seagrass-to-oil-spills-a-case-study-with-eelgrass-zostera-marina-in-san-francisco-bay-usa
#19
Mark Fonseca, Gregory A Piniak, Natalie Cosentino-Manning
Existing literature illustrates inconsistent responses of seagrasses to oil exposure, both in the field and in the laboratory. Here, we add a new study that combined morphometric, demographic and photophysiology assessments to determine the potential oiling impacts to eelgrass (Zostera marina) from the 2007 Cosco Busan event in San Francisco Bay. Shoot densities, reproductive status, and rhizome elongation of Z. marina were examined at sites with pre-spill data, and eelgrass photosynthetic efficiency was measured post-spill...
November 25, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894123/safeguarding-pollinators-and-their-values-to-human-well-being
#20
Simon G Potts, Vera Imperatriz-Fonseca, Hien T Ngo, Marcelo A Aizen, Jacobus C Biesmeijer, Thomas D Breeze, Lynn V Dicks, Lucas A Garibaldi, Rosemary Hill, Josef Settele, Adam J Vanbergen
Wild and managed pollinators provide a wide range of benefits to society in terms of contributions to food security, farmer and beekeeper livelihoods, social and cultural values, as well as the maintenance of wider biodiversity and ecosystem stability. Pollinators face numerous threats, including changes in land-use and management intensity, climate change, pesticides and genetically modified crops, pollinator management and pathogens, and invasive alien species. There are well-documented declines in some wild and managed pollinators in several regions of the world...
November 28, 2016: Nature
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