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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757356/developing-a-diagnostic-understanding-of-gerd-phenotypes-through-the-analysis-of-levels-of-mucosal-injury-immune-activation-and-psychological-comorbidity
#1
C Zhong, K Liu, K Wang, H Liu, H Su, J Wu, L Duan
Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can present with typical or atypical symptoms. The aim of this study is to explore the underlying physiological and psychological mechanisms that lead to different symptomatic manifestations of GERD. A total of 238 patients diagnosed with GERD underwent gastroscopy, 24 h multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring, and psychological assessment with questionnaires. Patient symptoms were used to classify GERD into phenotypes of typical reflux syndrome (TRS, n = 87), reflux chest pain syndrome (RCS, n = 98), and extraesophageal syndromes (EES, n = 53)...
May 10, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747251/-comparative-study-on-24-hour-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring-and-dx-ph-monitoring-in-the-diagnosis-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#2
J S Wang, J R Li
Objective: The consistency and characteristics of 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance(MII)-pH monitoring and Dx-pH monitoring in the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux were investigated. Methods: Fifty-two patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux related symptoms or disease between March and October 2017 were included in this study.All patients were evaluated with 24-hour MII-pH monitoring and Dx-pH monitoring at the same time, recording each patient's number of positive laryngopharyngeal reflux events, time of acid clearance and Ryan index...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603354/combined-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring-should-be-used-to-diagnose-reflux-related-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children
#3
Ivan Pavić, Irena Babić, Nuša Matijašić, Iva Hojsak
AIMS: This study investigated the diagnostic usefulness of combined multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) in children with suspected reflux-related otitis media with effusion (OME) as existing data were scarce. METHODS: This was a prospective study that included children up to seven years of age who underwent MII-pH due to OME lasting more than three months. The study was conducted in the Children's Hospital Zagreb, Croatia, from January 2014 to August 2016...
March 30, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460918/treatment-of-supragastric-belching-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-improves-quality-of-life-and-reduces-acid-gastroesophageal-reflux
#4
E Glasinovic, E Wynter, J Arguero, J Ooi, K Nakagawa, E Yazaki, P Hajek, C Clin Psych, P Woodland, D Sifrim
OBJECTIVES: Excessive supragastric belching (SGB) manifests as troublesome belching, and can be associated with reflux and significant impact on quality of life (QOL). In some GERD patients, SGB-associated reflux contributes to up to 1/3 of the total esophageal acid exposure. We hypothesized that a cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT) might reduce SGB, improve QOL, and reduce acid gastroesophageal reflux (GOR). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of CBT in patients with pathological SGB...
April 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399800/double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-with-alginate-suspension-for-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-disease
#5
Wen-Hsuan Tseng, Ping-Huei Tseng, Jia-Feng Wu, Ya-Chin Hsu, Ting-Yi Lee, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Hsiu-Po Wang, Tzu-Yu Hsiao, Wei-Chung Hsu
OBJECTIVE: Treatment for laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is challenging because of delays in recognition and poor responsiveness to proton-pump inhibitor therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of liquid alginate suspension for treating LPRD. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospective study comparing 8 weeks of treatment with Alginos Oral Suspension (TTY Biopharm Co. Ltd., Taipei, Taiwan) (sodium alginate 1,000 mg three times daily) with a placebo was conducted on patients who fulfilled the criteria of at least one symptom consistent with LPRD, a total reflux symptom index (RSI) score of > 10, and a total reflux finding score (RFS) of > 5...
February 5, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393167/evaluation-of-esophageal-mucosal-integrity-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#6
Tomoaki Matsumura, Makoto Arai, Hideaki Ishigami, Mai Fujie, Kentaro Ishikawa, Naoki Akizue, Takashi Taida, Yuki Ohta, Shinsaku Hamanaka, Kenichiro Okimoto, Keiko Saito, Daisuke Maruoka, Tomoo Nakagawa, Naoya Kato
BACKGROUND: Impaired esophageal mucosal integrity plays a role in causing symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Recently, the assessment of esophageal baseline impedance (BI) using the multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) test was suggested as a surrogate technique for the study of esophageal mucosal integrity and was reported to be useful in distinguishing GERD from non-GERD. However, measuring BI requires a 24-h testing period, is complicated, and causes considerable patient discomfort...
2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229450/gastric-emptying-time-esophageal-ph-impedance-parameters-quality-of-life-and-gastrointestinal-comorbidity-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#7
Paolo Quitadamo, Letizia Zenzeri, Enza Mozzillo, Irene Cuccurullo, Alba Rocco, Adriana Franzese, Gerardo Nardone, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: To provide further evidence regarding the relationship between obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children, through the use of 13C-octanoic acid breath test for gastric emptying time (GET) assessment and esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance pH-testing (MII-pH). STUDY DESIGN: Obese children aged 4-17 years completed a questionnaire investigating reflux symptoms, the presence of functional gastrointestinal disorders, and quality of life...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199161/indications-of-24-h-esophageal-ph-monitoring-capsule-ph-monitoring-combined-ph-monitoring-with-multichannel-impedance-esophageal-manometry-radiology-and-scintigraphy-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
Rukiye Vardar, Muharrem Keskin
Ambulatory esophageal pH monitoring is an essential method in patients exhibiting signs of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) to make an objective diagnosis. Intra-esophageal pH monitoring is important in patients who are non-responsive to medications and in those with extraesophageal symptoms, particularly in NERD, before surgical interventions. With the help of the wireless capsule pH monitoring, measurements can be made under more physiological conditions as well as longer recordings can be performed because the investigation can be better tolerated by patients...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166876/gastroesophageal-flap-valve-reflected-egj-morphology-and-correlated-to-acid-reflux
#9
Chenxi Xie, Yuwen Li, Ning Zhang, Lishou Xiong, Minhu Chen, Yinglian Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) serves as the anti-reflux barrier. The gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) is a component of EGJ. The aim of the current study was to assess its correlation with the esophageal acid exposure and the impact on anti-reflux barrier function by using the metrics of EGJ contraction. METHODS: Eighty three patients with typical GERD symptoms were included in the study. Upper endoscopy, high-resolution manometry (HRM) and 24 h multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring were performed in all patients...
November 22, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108959/visual-and-automated-computer-analysis-differ-substantially-in-detection-of-acidic-reflux-in-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring
#10
Andree H Koop, Dawn L Francis, Kenneth R DeVault
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070010/longitudinal-study-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-erosive-tooth-wear
#11
Clive H Wilder-Smith, Andrea Materna, Lukas Martig, Adrian Lussi
BACKGROUND: Approximately 60% of patients presenting to dentists with erosive tooth wear have significant gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), despite minor reflux symptoms. No longitudinal studies of reflux-associated erosive tooth wear and of reflux characteristics have been reported to date. The aim of this study was to characterize the longitudinal course of GERD and of associated erosive tooth wear, as well as factors predictive of its progression, in a large group of patients. METHODS: Seventy-two patients presenting to dentists with clinically significant erosive tooth wear and increased esophageal acid exposure by 24-h multichannel intraluminal pH-impedance measurement (MII-pH) were re-assessed clinically and by MII-pH after 1 year treatment with esomeprazole 20 mg twice-daily...
October 25, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041918/the-diagnostic-value-of-pepsin-detection-in-saliva-for-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-a-preliminary-study-from-china
#12
Xing Du, Feng Wang, Zhiwei Hu, Jimin Wu, Zhonggao Wang, Chao Yan, Chao Zhang, Juan Tang
BACKGROUND: None of current diagnostic methods has been proven to be a reliable tool for gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Pepsin in saliva has been proposed as a promising diagnostic biomarker for gastro-esophageal reflux. We aimed to determine the diagnostic value of salivary pepsin detection for GERD. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty patients with symptoms suggestive of GERD and 35 asymptomatic healthy volunteers provided saliva on morning waking, after lunch and dinner for pepsin determination using the Peptest lateral flow device...
October 17, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018480/comparison-of-esophageal-function-tests-in-chinese-patients-with-functional-heartburn-and-reflux-hypersensitivity
#13
Feng Gao, Yan Gao, Xue Chen, Jie Qian, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in the results of esophageal function tests for functional heartburn (FH) and reflux hypersensitivity (RH). METHODS: Patients with FH and RH and healthy volunteers (HVs) from the Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital and Beijing Chao-Yang hospital, who underwent high-resolution manometry and impedance (HRIM), and 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH recording (MII/pH) between 2014 and 2016, were enrolled in this study...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993603/comparison-of-characteristics-according-to-reflux-type-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#14
Jun Seok Lee, Ah Ra Jung, Jung Min Park, Myung Jin Park, Young Chan Lee, Young-Gyu Eun
Objectives: To analyze laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) as an acidic, nonacidic, or mixed type according to 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) pH monitoring and the clinical characteristics of each type. Methods: Ninety patients were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent 24-hour MII pH monitoring as a diagnostic tool. Eighty-three patients were diagnosed with LPR. The patients were classified into three groups according to the pH of the hypopharyngeal probe: the acid reflux group, nonacid reflux group, and mixed reflux group...
October 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992675/relationship-between-salivary-pepsin-concentration-and-esophageal-mucosal-integrity-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#15
Yu-Wen Li, Daniel Sifrim, Chenxi Xie, Minhu Chen, Ying-Lian Xiao
Background/Aims: Increased salivary pepsin could indicate an increase in gastro-esophageal reflux, however, previous studies failed to demonstrate a correlation between salivary pepsin concentrations and 24-hour esophageal acid exposure. This study aims to detect the salivary pepsin and to evaluate the relationship between salivary pepsin concentrations and intercellular spaces (IS) in different gastroesophageal reflux disease phenotypes in patients. Methods: A total of 45 patients and 11 healthy volunteers were included in this study...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901635/investigation-and-management-of-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-in-united-kingdom-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#16
Thomas Rossor, Gwendolyn Andradi, Ravindra Bhat, Anne Greenough
AIM: In 2004, wide variation in the investigation and management of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) of infants on UK major neonatal units was demonstrated. Our aim was to resurvey neonatal practitioners to determine current practice and whether it was now evidence based. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 207 UK neonatal units. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 84% of units. The most frequent 'investigation' was a trial of therapy (83% of units); pH studies were used in 38%, upper GI contrast studies in 19% and multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)/pH studies in 5%...
January 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880273/tailored-therapy-guided-by-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring-for-refractory-non-erosive-reflux-disease
#17
Nunzio Ranaldo, Giuseppe Losurdo, Andrea Iannone, Mariabeatrice Principi, Michele Barone, Massimo De Carne, Enzo Ierardi, Alfredo Di Leo
A relevant percentage of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) is refractory to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) treatment. Multichannel intraluminal impedance pH (MII-pH) monitoring should give useful pathophysiological information about refractoriness. Therefore, our aim was to assess whether this technique could be useful to guide a 'tailored' therapy in refractory NERD. We retrospectively recruited NERD patients undergoing MII-pH monitoring for unsuccessful treatment. All patients had undergone upper endoscopy, and those with erosive esophagitis were excluded...
September 7, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859383/effect-of-alginate-in-patients-with-gerd-hiatal-hernia-matters
#18
R Vardar, M Keskin, E Valitova, B Bayrakci, E Yildirim, S Bor
Alginate-based formulations are frequently used as add-on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy to help control of heartburn and regurgitation. There are limited data regarding the mechanisms and effects of alginate-based formulations. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the sodium alginate intake and its likely temporal relations on intraesophageal reflux events by MII-pH in patients with and without hiatal hernia (HH). Fifty GERD patients (18 with HH, 32 without HH) with heartburn or regurgitation once a week or more common were included...
October 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839903/bspghan-motility-working-group-position-statement-paediatric-multichannel-intraluminal-ph-impedance-monitoring-indications-methods-and-interpretation
#19
REVIEW
Mohamed Mutalib, David Rawat, Keith Lindley, Osvaldo Borrelli, Steve Perring, Marcus K H Auth, Nikhil Thapar
BACKGROUND: Combined pH-impedance monitoring has been suggested as the investigation of choice for diagnosing gastro-oesophageal reflux in children. Although it is superior to oesophageal pH monitoring in detecting all types of reflux episodes (acid, weakly acidic and alkaline) with the ability to evaluate symptom association with reflux events, it is still limited by the lack of true paediatric normal value and the high cost involved (equipment and personnel). OBJECTIVE: To produce a position statement on behalf of the Motility Working Group of the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition on the indications and practical application of combined oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring in children...
July 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815026/the-diagnostic-value-of-24-hour-ambulatory-intraesophageal-ph-impedance-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-symptoms-comparable-with-typical-symptoms
#20
Yusuf S Sakin, Rukiye Vardar, Baha Sezgin, Zeynep Erdogan Cetin, Yasemin Alev, Esra Yildirim, Tayfun Kirazli, Serhat Bor
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux is currently based on a combination of the patient history of multichannel intraluminal impedance and ambulatory pH (MII-pH); however, none of these findings alone is specific for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux. We aimed to compare the baseline characteristics and esophageal baseline impedance values between patients with and without laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from two groups of patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux according to their reflux finding score (RFS) as scored by ENTs...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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