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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444629/stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-varies-by-reason-for-immigration-the-africans-in-america-study
#1
Jean N Utumatwishima, Rafeal L Baker, Brianna A Bingham, Stephanie T Chung, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
OBJECTIVE: Reason for immigration as a biological stress has not been studied in Africans. Our goal was to determine in African immigrants, if biological stress measured by allostatic load score (ALS) varies by reason for immigration. METHODS: Using an ALS which had been previously developed with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to assess stress due to racism and nativity, ALS was calculated in 85 African immigrants (67% male, age 42 ± 10 years)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442750/hepatitis-a-virus-infections-and-outbreaks-in-asylum-seekers-arriving-to-germany-september-2015-to-march-2016
#2
Kai Michaelis, Jürgen J Wenzel, Klaus Stark, Mirko Faber
From September 2015 to March 2016, hepatitis A notifications in Germany increased by 45% to 699 cases compared to 482 cases in the same period of the previous year. Children aged five to nine years were predominantly affected (22% of all cases in this period). We hypothesized that this increase could be explained by the marked influx of asylum seekers in this time period. We analysed national surveillance data and estimated the number of imported and autochthonous hepatitis A cases in asylum seekers. We also investigated molecular signatures of hepatitis A viruses sampled from asylum seekers to identify chains of transmission...
April 26, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441421/high-prevalence-of-mrsa-and-esbl-among-asylum-seekers-in-the-netherlands
#3
Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Matthijs Berends, Ymkje Stienstra, Alewijn Ott
Migration is one of the risk factors for the spread of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). The increasing influx of migrants challenges local health care systems. To provide evidence for both hospital hygiene measure and empirical antibiotic therapy, we analysed all cultures performed in asylum seekers between January 1st 2014 and December 31st 2015 for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and for multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE). We compared these with cultures from the Dutch patient population with risk factors for carriage of MDRO...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441361/immunization-strategies-targeting-newly-arrived-migrants-in-non-eu-countries-of-the-mediterranean-basin-and-black-sea
#4
Cristina Giambi, Martina Del Manso, Maria Grazia Dente, Christian Napoli, Carmen Montaño-Remacha, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Network For The Control Of Cross-Border Health Threats In The Mediterranean Basin And Black Sea For The ProVacMed Project
Background: The World Health Organization recommends that host countries ensure appropriate vaccinations to refugees, asylum seekers and migrants. However, information on vaccination strategies targeting migrants in host countries is limited. Methods: In 2015-2016 we carried out a survey among national experts from governmental bodies of 15 non-EU countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea in order to document and share national vaccination strategies targeting newly arrived migrants. Results: Four countries reported having regulations/procedures supporting the immunization of migrants at national level, one at sub-national level and three only targeting specific population groups...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425000/medical-care-screening-and-regularization-of-sub-saharan-irregular-migrants-affected-by-hepatitis-b-in-france-and-italy
#5
Cecilia Santilli
Both in France and in Italy hepatitis B is present mostly among the migrant population coming from sub-Saharan Africa and mainly among those migrants having a poor socio-economic background. This article is aimed at assaying the impact of public policies adopted by France and Italy for migrants' health on the treatment of migrants with HBV. The article is based on semi-structured interviews conducted with 30 immigrant adults taken into care by two associations dealing with medical, psychological and social issues of immigrants applying for a residence permit, mainly asylum seekers...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415921/intimate-strangers-eritrean-male-asylum-seekers-perceptions-of-marriage-and-sexuality
#6
Lior Birger, Einat Peled
This study examined perceptions of marriage and sexuality among male asylum seekers from Eritrea. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 men living in Israel. Their perceptions of marriage and sexuality were found to be influenced by their life as asylum seekers, and particularly by their encounter with a different culture, by their lack of legal status, and by the marked numerical imbalance between women and men within their community. Changes in their perceptions occurred after their arrival in Israel, and included greater relaxing of social codes and the transition from a relatively 'closed' sexual mindset to a more 'open' one...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412641/the-gap-between-entitlement-and-access-to-healthcare-an-analysis-of-candidacy-in-the-help-seeking-trajectories-of-asylum-seekers-in-montreal
#7
Liana E Chase, Janet Cleveland, Jesse Beatson, Cécile Rousseau
In 2012 the Canadian government made significant cuts to its historically strong federal refugee health coverage plan. While this policy had negligible effects on the level of coverage provided to asylum seekers in Quebec, there is evidence that this group nonetheless experienced reduced healthcare access during the period of polarized national debate that ensued. This study engaged the "candidacy" model of healthcare access to illuminate factors contributing to the observed gap between entitlement and access...
March 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403765/the-australasian-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-of-australia-recommendations-for-health-assessment-for-people-from-refugee-like-backgrounds-an-abridged-outline
#8
Nadia J Chaves, Georgia A Paxton, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Aesen Thambiran, Joanne Gardiner, Jan Williams, Mitchell M Smith, Joshua S Davis
In 2009, the Australasian Society of Infectious Diseases published guidelines on the post-arrival health assessment of recently arrived refugees. Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015-16) and the countries of origin have changed. These groups are likely to have had poor access to health care pre-arrival and, consequently, are at risk of a range of chronic and infectious diseases. We established an advisory group that included infectious diseases physicians, general practitioners, public health specialists, paediatricians and refugee health nurses to update the 2009 guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399461/measurement-of-open-apices-in-tooth-roots-in-colombian-children-as-a-tool-for-human-identification-in-asylum-and-criminal-proceedings
#9
REVIEW
Marcela Rivera, Stefano De Luca, Lina Aguilar, Luz Andrea Velandia Palacio, Ivan Galić, Roberto Cameriere
Dental age estimation was recognized as an imperative issue in clinical and medico-legal practice. However, very few studies on dental age estimation in children have been published in Colombia. This study evaluated the accuracy of Cameriere's method of measurement of open apices on tooth roots in a sample of 526 digital panoramic radiographs (OPTs) of children (274 boys and 252 girls), aged between 6 and 14 years, from Bogotá, Valle del Cauca, Buga and Villavicencio, in Southwest Colombia. Only first seven permanent lower teeth, except third molar, from the left side of mandible were studied...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398089/post-mortem-in-the-victorian-asylum-practice-purpose-and-findings-at-the-littlemore-county-lunatic-asylum-1886-7
#10
Lynsey T Cullen
This article examines the purpose of the post-mortem in the late Victorian asylum and discusses what the findings reveal about contemporary understanding of mental health. By examining the practice at the Littlemore Asylum of Oxford, the definition of the asylum post-mortem will be questioned and issues of consent and ownership of the dead body explored. It will be argued that the purpose of the examination was partly to appease the demands of the Commissioners in Lunacy, to protect the asylum against accusations of malpractice, and to appease the resident assistant medical officer's own morbid curiosity...
April 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389934/prevalence-and-risk-of-mental-disorders-in-the-perinatal-period-among-migrant-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Fraser M Anderson, Stephani L Hatch, Carla Comacchio, Louise M Howard
This study was conducted in order to evaluate the prevalence and risk of mental disorders in the perinatal period among migrant women. Six databases (including MEDLINE) were searched from inception to October 19th, 2015, in addition to citation tracking. Studies were eligible if mental disorders were assessed with validated tools during pregnancy and up to 1 year postpartum among women born outside of the study country. Of 3241 abstracts screened, 53 met the inclusion criteria for the review. Only three studies investigated a mental disorder other than depression...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377812/psychiatric-reform-in-greece-an-overview
#12
George Giannakopoulos, Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos
Leros became infamous worldwide in the 1980s because of a scandal in its mental institution, the Leros asylum. The scandal provoked universal outrage and the international pressure triggered the Greek mental health reform. Under the reform projects Leros I and Leros II (1990-1994), numerous interventions took place in the Leros asylum as part of deinstitutionalisation. Following that, the Psychargos programme advanced developments for community-based services. Deinstitutionalisation and development of community mental health services have advanced significantly since the 1980s...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377806/job-stress-and-burnout-in-the-care-staff-of-leros-pikpa-asylum-25-years-after-the-first-deinstitutionalisation-and-rehabilitation-greek-project
#13
Anastasia Bougea, Manolis Kostas Kleisarchakis, Nikolaos Spantideas, Panagiota Voskou, Thomas Thomaides, George Chrousos, Sophia Andreas Belegri
Aims and method To identify correlates between burnout and job stress of care staff at Leros PIKPA Asylum. Forty-nine asylum employees were assessed by Maslach's Burnout Inventory, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale and the Job Content Questionnaire. Results Emotional exhaustion is related negatively to social support (P = 0.010, r = -0.362). Lack of job achievements is related positively to overall job responsibility (P = 0.040) and negatively to lack of job satisfaction (r = -0.430)...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376404/a-place-for-the-heart-a-journey-in-the-post-asylum-landscape-metaphors-and-materiality
#14
Inger Beate Larsen, Alain Topor
The downsizing of psychiatric hospitals has created a new institutional landscape in the local community to support people with severe mental problems in their daily living. This study explores meeting places in Norway from the users' perspectives. The users used four metaphors to describe these meeting places: "like a home", "like a family", "like a landing ground" and "like a trampoline". The users have decorated the interiors of the meeting places with hearts made from various materials, and these could be considered as symbols of the places...
April 1, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367795/yield-of-active-screening-for-tuberculosis-among-asylum-seekers-in-germany-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Oliver Razum, Daniel Saure, Brigitte Joggerst, Joachim Szecsenyi, Christian Stock
All asylum seekers in Germany undergo upon-entry screening for tuberculosis TB, but comprehensive evidence on the yield is lacking. We compared the national estimates with the international literature in a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting the yield of TB, defined as the fraction of active TB cases detected among asylum seekers screened in Germany upon entry. We searched 11 national and international databases for empirical studies and the internet for grey literature published in English or German without restrictions on publication time...
March 23, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361548/bloody-technology-the-sphygmograph-in-asylum-practice
#16
Jennifer Wallis
The sphygmograph, an instrument to measure and visually chart the pulse, was used by a number of asylum researchers in the late nineteenth century in an attempt to better understand mental disease. In charting the use of such a medical technology in the asylum, this article explores the utility of a practice-oriented approach in the history of psychiatry - as a window onto the alienist profession and as a means of investigating how new medical technologies were assimilated into everyday practice.
March 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350563/predicting-the-mental-health-and-functioning-of-torture-survivors
#17
Suzan J Song, Andrew Subica, Charles Kaplan, Wietse Tol, Joop de Jong
The psychological effects of war represent a growing public health concern as more refugees and asylum seekers migrate across borders. This study investigates whether sociodemographic, premigration and postmigration, and psychosocial factors predict adverse psychiatric symptoms in refugees and asylum seekers exposed to torture (N = 278). Hierarchical linear regressions revealed that female sex, older age, and unstable housing predicted greater severity of anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350189/the-laboratory-and-the-asylum-francis-walker-mott-and-the-pathological-laboratory-at-london-county-council-lunatic-asylum-claybury-essex-1895-1916
#18
Tatjana Buklijas
London County Council's pathological laboratory in the LCC asylum at Claybury, Essex, was established in 1895 to study the pathology of mental illness. Historians of psychiatry have understood the Claybury laboratory as a predecessor of the Maudsley Hospital in London: not only was this laboratory closed when the Maudsley was opened in 1916, but its director, Frederick Walker Mott, a champion of the 'German' model in psychiatry, was instrumental in the establishment of this institution. Yet, as I argue in this essay, for all the continuities with the Maudsley, the Claybury laboratory should not be seen solely as its predecessor - or as a British answer to continental laboratories such as Theodor Meynert's in Vienna...
March 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346957/-a-young-asylum-seeker-with-hemoptysis-and-positive-tuberculosis-screening-not-always-tuberculosis
#19
T Stevens, S B Schwarz, F S Magnet, W Windisch
This paper reports on the case of a 19 year old asylum seeker from Eritrea who presented with hemoptysis, a positive tuberculosis screening (Enzyme Linked Immuno Spot Assay - EliSpot) and mushy faeces submitted with a suspected diagnosis of tuberculosis. Laboratory testing revealed thrombopenia, leukopenia and eosinophilia, while the chest X-ray was inconspicuous. Acid-proof rod bacteria were neither evident in bronchoscopy samples nor in expectorated sputum samples. However, sonographic findings showed a profound splenomegaly, and laboratory testing revealed a Schistosoma mansoni infection...
March 27, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340558/a-novel-real-time-pcr-assay-for-specific-detection-of-brucella-melitensis
#20
Rene Kaden, Sevinc Ferrari, Erik Alm, Tara Wahab
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonosis that occurs worldwide. The disease has been completely eradicated in livestock in Sweden in 1994, and all cases of confirmed human brucellosis are imported into Sweden from other countries. However, due to an increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers from the middle-east to Sweden, there is a need to improve the current diagnostic methodology for Brucella melitensis. Whilst culture of Brucella species can be used as a diagnostic tool, real-time PCR approaches provide a much faster result...
March 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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