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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#1
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931054/-tb-screening-of-pregnant-women-in-accordance-with-the-german-protection-against-infection-act
#2
(no author information available yet)
Pregnant women should be tested with immune tests for tuberculosis when they undergo TB screening according to the German Infectious Diseases Protection Act. Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) should be the priority tests used for pregnant refugees and asylum seekers, especially when migrating from high incidence countries (> 20 cases/100.000 population according to the ECDC) or when they fled from crisis regions; positive tuberculin skin tests should be veryfied with IGRA. Once immunological tests are suggesting a latent tuberculosis infection it should be considered that pregnant women have an increased risk of developing active tuberculosis with potential health threats for the unborn child...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923341/-unseen-suffering-therapy-for-traumatized-refugee-children
#3
Andreas Mattenschlager, Stefanie Nahler, Regine Reisinger
Unseen Suffering - Therapy for Traumatized Refugee Children In March 2015 the psychological counselling service (Psychologische Familien- und Lebensberatung) of Caritas Ulm initiated a psychotherapy project for traumatized minor refugees. Besides individual and group therapy, networking and qualification of qualified personnel and volunteers, in autumn 2015 we started offering our services on-site in a large collective accommodation for asylum seekers in Ulm. This was mainly because - in contrast to unaccompanied, mostly adolescent, minor refugees - our services appeared to reach children only by chance...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923340/-decision-support-for-the-therapy-planning-for-young-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-with-posttraumatic-disorders
#4
Cornelia Reher, Franka Metzner
Decision Support for the Therapy Planning for Young Refugees and Asylum-Seekers with Posttraumatic Disorders Due to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and § 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, there are legal and ethical obligations for the care of minor refugees suffering from trauma-related disorders. In Germany, psychotherapeutic care of adolescent refugees is provided by specialized treatment centers and Child and Adolescent psychiatries with specialized consultation-hours for refugees. Treatment of minor refugees is impeded by various legal and organizational barriers...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923339/-mental-health-in-children-from-families-seeking-asylum-in-mecklenburg-western-pomerania-2007-2009-personal-and-contextual-risk-factors
#5
Olaf Reis, Petra Jung, Frank Häßler
Mental Health in Children from Families Seeking Asylum in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2007-2009 - Personal and Contextual Risk Factors The study presented describes severity and conditions of various psychiatric symptoms in children from families seeking refuge in Germany 2007-2009 and registered in the province of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Mothers of 58 children (aged 12 years on average, 23 girls, 33 boys) answered the items of the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991). First, the burden of disease among refugee children was compared to standard burdens of German children...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923337/-child-soldiers-as-refugees-in-germany
#6
Dima Zito
Child Soldiers as Refugees in Germany How do former child soldiers cope with their potentially traumatic experiences, and how do the living conditions as refugees influence these coping processes? A dissertation at the faculty of human and social sciences at the University of Wuppertal, based on biographical-narrative interviews with 15 young refugees from six African countries, describes the characteristics of the traumatic sequences in the countries of origin and in exile, and elaborates typical coping processes...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923335/-arrived-in-germany-when-children-who-have-fled-tell-their-stories
#7
Katharina Gerarts, Sabine Andresen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Fionna Klasen
Arrived in Germany: When Children Who have Fled Tell their Stories For this study, we listened to children who had fled with their families. We made a very conscious decision to focus on accompanied minors who have been displaced, because they go through the standard asylum system with their parent/guardian, which is why they often remain "invisible" as regards their own needs and their specific situation. We gave accompanied children who had fled a space where they could tell their stories and asked them to talk about their memories of their countries of origin, their experiences during their journey and on arrival in Germany, and their lives here, their concerns, but also their hopes and desires...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919742/refugees-and-antimicrobial-resistance-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Allard Willem de Smalen, Hatem Ghorab, Moataz Abd El Ghany, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne
BACKGROUND: There is a large increase in the numbers of refugees and asylum seekers worldwide and a lack of data on the carriage of antimicrobial resistance in refugee/asylum seeking groups. METHODS: This article aims to identify the impact of refugees and asylum seekers on the acquisition and transmission of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) through a literature search. The databases Embase, Medline, Pubmed, and Web of Science Core Collection were utilised and covered all articles before the 1st of October 2016...
December 2, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900778/predicting-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-treatment-response-in-refugees-multilevel-analysis
#9
Joris F G Haagen, F Jackie June Ter Heide, Trudy M Mooren, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Given the recent peak in refugee numbers and refugees' high odds of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), finding ways to alleviate PTSD in refugees is of vital importance. However, there are major differences in PTSD treatment response between refugees, the determinants of which are largely unknown. This study aimed at improving PTSD treatment for adult refugees by identifying PTSD treatment response predictors. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal multilevel modelling design was used to predict PTSD severity scores over time...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896828/addressing-the-occupational-needs-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#10
Concettina Trimboli, Jackie Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896371/-mental-treatment-of-refugees-in-germany-model-for-a-stepped-approach
#11
F Schneider, M Bajbouj, A Heinz
The recent influx of refugees and asylum seekers into Germany poses a challenge for the national healthcare system. In compliance with the present Asylum Seekers Benefits Act, the national healthcare system can be expected to have 1.5 million new members by early 2017. Providing adequate care particularly for people with mental illnesses or disorders will represent an immense challenge for all actors in the system. The circumstances of the flight combined with the foreign linguistic and socio-cultural background increase the severity of the cases and the difficulties of treatment...
November 28, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896303/data-on-some-socio-economic-parameters-explaining-the-movement-of-extra-eu-asylum-seekers-in-europe
#12
Silvia Angeloni
This article contains data concerning the movement of extra-EU asylum seekers in Europe. Data used in this paper were collected from the Eurostat database and the UNHCR database. The data consist of some socio-economic features related to 30 European countries where extra-EU asylum seekers have applied for protection. All variables were transformed into their natural logs. The degree of statistical correlation is evaluated from Pearson׳s coefficient, using the 0.05 level of significance. Regression analysis is conducted to identify some socio-economic predictors of countries attracting asylum migration...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895196/from-asylum-to-action-in-scotland-the-emergence-of-the-scottish-union-of-mental-patients-1971-2
#13
Mark Gallagher
By analysing a collection of documents authored by Thomas Ritchie, founder of the Scottish Union of Mental Patients (SUMP), this study recounts the emergence of mental patient unionism at Hartwood Hospital, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The discourse and action employed by Ritchie and SUMP are understood and situated in relation to intended audiences, social and material conditions of the asylum space, and transformations in cultures beyond the asylum, including nascent industrial strife, social liberalism, civil rights, the London 'underground' and counter-cultures...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895195/a-scottish-poor-law-of-lunacy-poor-law-lunacy-law-and-scotland-s-parochial-asylums
#14
Lauren Farquharson
Scotland's parochial asylums are unfamiliar institutional spaces. Representing the concrete manifestation of the collision between two spheres of legislation, the Poor Law and the Lunacy Law, six such asylums were constructed in the latter half of the nineteenth century. These sites expressed the enduring mandate of the Scottish Poor Law 1845 over the domain of 'madness'. They were institutions whose very existence was fashioned at the directive of the local arm of the Poor Law, the parochial board, and they constituted a continuing 'Scottish Poor Law of Lunacy'...
November 28, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894020/the-anatomical-mummies-of-mombello-detection-of-cocaine-nicotine-and-caffeine-in-the-hair-of-psychiatric-patients-of-the-early-20th-century
#15
Frank Musshoff, Helena Fels, Alberto Carli, Dario Piombino-Mascali
The Mombello Psychiatric Hospital in Limbiate, near Milan, replaced the old Senavra Hospital as the Psychiatric Hospital for the Province of Milan in the 19th century. During the early 20th century, bodies of several Mombello patients were dissected and preserved by Giuseppe Paravicini, an anatomist who operated within the asylum. The aim of the present study was to examine and memorialize this important assemblage. To this end, we were allowed to sample the head hair of six such preparations for toxicological analysis...
November 14, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885431/forensic-age-assessment-of-asylum-seekers-in-finland
#16
Mari Metsäniitty, Olli Varkkola, Janna Waltimo-Sirén, Helena Ranta
In Finland, forensic age assessment is strictly regulated by legislation. According to the Aliens Act (301/2004) and the amendment of the Act (549/2010), the police authorities, the frontier guard authorities, and the immigration authorities have the right to refer asylum seekers to the University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine, for age assessment. These assessments are especially performed to solve if the person is of major age, the cutoff being 18 completed years. The forensic age assessment is largely based on dental development, since the special permit of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) to the Department of Forensic Medicine of the University of Helsinki, allowing the use of ionizing radiation for non-medical purposes, includes dental and hand X-rays...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885404/-health-examination-of-asylum-seekers-a-nationwide-analysis-of-state-policies-in-germany-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-62-of-the-asylum-law
#17
Katharina Wahedi, Stefan Nöst, Kayvan Bozorgmehr
BACKGROUND: A health examination of newly arrived asylum seekers, aimed at detecting infectious diseases and preventing disease outbreaks in accommodation facilities, is mandated by national law in all German states. Due to the decentralized German federal system, different state policies are in place and lead to substantial variation in the content and implementation of the health examination. OBJECTIVES: To compare health examination policies in the 16 German states with a focus on conducted tests, preventive measures and the general procedure...
November 24, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884856/a-refugee-camp-in-the-centre-of-europe-clinical-characteristics-of-asylum-seekers-arriving-in-brussels
#18
Gerlant van Berlaer, Francisca Bohle Carbonell, Sofie Manantsoa, Xavier de Béthune, Ronald Buyl, Michel Debacker, Ives Hubloue
BACKGROUND: In the summer of 2015, the exodus of Syrian war refugees and saturation of refugee camps in neighbouring countries led to the influx of asylum-seekers in European countries, including Belgium. This study aims to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of asylum seekers who arrived in a huddled refugee camp, in the centre of a well-developed country with all medical facilities. METHODS: Using a descriptive cross-sectional study design, physicians of Médecins du Monde prospectively registered age, gender, origin, medical symptoms and diagnoses of all patients presenting to an erected field hospital in Brussels in September 2015...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859692/louse-borne-relapsing-fever-in-finland-in-two-asylum-seekers-from-somalia
#19
Jukka Hytönen, Tamim Khawaja, Juha O Grönroos, Anna Jalava, Seppo Meri, Jarmo Oksi
We report two cases of louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF) in young Somali asylum seekers having recently arrived to Finland. They had sought medical attention for a febrile illness. Blood smears were examined for suspected malaria, but instead, spirochete shaped bacteria were observed. The bacteria were confirmed as Borrelia recurrentis by PCR and sequencing. The patients survived, but their treatment was complicated by Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. We conclude that LBRF must be considered as a diagnostic option in febrile refugees also in the northernmost parts of Europe...
November 16, 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848905/-splenomegaly-in-an-eritrean-refugee-the-hyper-reactive-malaria-splenomegaly-syndrome
#20
M M Cruijsen, I J Reuling, M Keuter, R W Sauerwein, A J van der Ven, Q de Mast
BACKGROUND: Hyper-reactive malaria splenomegaly (HMS) is a rare and potentially severe complication of malaria. It is likely that the incidence of patients with HMS will rise in the Netherlands due to the recent increase in asylum-seekers from Sub-Saharan Africa. It can be difficult to diagnose this disease, as this case shows. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old male from Eritrea was admitted with fever and dyspnea, caused by an influenza A-infection. The patient also presented with cachexia, pronounced hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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