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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#1
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100704/frequency-of-abnormal-pulmonary-computed-tomography-findings-in-asylum-seeking-refugees-in-turkey
#2
Levent Soydan, Ali Aslan Demir, Atadan Tunaci
BACKGROUND: Lungs are particularly vulnerable to both acute infections, including TB, and chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, as well as to malignancies, all of which require particular attention during war times in which health conditions are far from optimal. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 1149 refugees that underwent thoracic computed tomography (CT) for respiratory symptoms between March 2013 and February 2015 in Turkey...
January 18, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089281/features-of-public-healthcare-services-provided-to-migrant-patients-in-the-eastern-macedonia-and-thrace-region-greece
#3
Christos A Tsitsakis, Anastasios Karasavvoglou, Efstathios Tsaridis, Georgia Ramantani, Giannoula Florou, Persefoni Polychronidou, Stamatios Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: The influx of migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers into European Union (EU) countries, especially into Greece, in the last 20 years is an issue of growing concern and requires a rational approach. The aim of this study is to chart the use of public health services by the migrants of the Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, which forms the northeastern border of Greece. METHODS: We collected data from five of the six public hospitals in the specified region, and we carried out a per clinic cross tabulation analysis of admission diagnosis and citizenship variables in order to establish the frequency at which the various diagnoses emerge per distinct group of migrant and non-migrant patients in each clinic...
December 27, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074291/unaccompanied-refugee-minors-in-germany-attitudes-of-the-general-population-towards-a-vulnerable-group
#4
Paul L Plener, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Elmar Brähler, Thorsten Sukale, Jörg M Fegert
Germany saw an increase in numbers of refugees in 2015, with nearly a third being below the age of 18. Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) present an especially vulnerable group. In addition to pre-flight and flight stress, the acculturation process can work as potential stressor, and we wanted to explore attitudes towards URM. We conducted a study in a representative sample (n = 2524) of the German population (ages 14 years or older) between January and March 2016. Only 22.8% of participants thought that Germany could accompany more URM...
January 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#5
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#6
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064002/endoplasmic-reticulum-mitochondria-ca-2-crosstalk-in-the-control-of-the-tumor-cell-fate
#7
REVIEW
Sonia Missiroli, Alberto Danese, Tommaso Iannitti, Simone Patergnani, Mariasole Perrone, Maurizio Previati, Carlotta Giorgi, Paolo Pinton
Mitochondria-associated membranes are juxtaposed between the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria and have been identified as a critical hub in the regulation of apoptosis and tumor growth. One key function of mitochondria-associated membranes is to provide asylum to a number of proteins with tumor suppressor and oncogenic properties. In this review, we discuss how Ca(2+) flux manipulation represents the primary mechanism underlying the action of several oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes and how these networks might be manipulated to provide novel therapies for cancer...
January 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053362/cost-effectiveness-of-screening-for-active-cases-of-tuberculosis-in-flanders-belgium
#8
G Suzanne A Smit, Ludwig Apers, Wouter Arrazola de Onate, Philippe Beutels, Pierre Dorny, An-Marie Forier, Kristien Janssens, Jean Macq, Ruud Mak, Sandrina Schol, Dirk Wildemeersch, Niko Speybroeck, Brecht Devleesschauwer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of the tuberculosis screening activities currently funded by the Flemish government in Flanders, Belgium. METHODS: After estimating the expenses for 2013-2014 of each of nine screening components - which include high-risk groups, contacts and people who are seeking tuberculosis consultation at a centre for respiratory health care - and the associated costs per active case of tuberculosis identified between 2007 and 2014, we compared the cost-effectiveness of each component...
January 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008581/-health-care-of-refugees-in-2015-evaluation-of-an-ambulance-for-refugees-in-a-cologne-emergency-accommodation-cologne-model
#9
H S Borgschulte, A Bunte, F Neuhann, L T Weber, G A Wiesmüller
Access to medical care is a core element in the care of refugees and asylum seekers, and should therefore be guaranteed in a barrier-free way. In practice, there are usually numerous access barriers and the first contact with the German Health Care System takes place in form of a statutory examination to exclude infectious diseases. In addition to the introduction of health insurance cards for refugees, an offer of medical consultation for several hours a week in the municipal emergency accommodations provides an opportunity for low threshold access to primary care and a bridging function to the integration into the regular health care system...
December 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998332/-electroshock-therapy-in-the-third-reich
#10
Lara Rzesnitzek, Sascha Lang
The history of 'electroshock therapy' (now known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) in Europe in the Third Reich is still a neglected chapter in medical history. Since Thomas Szasz's 'From the Slaughterhouse to the Madhouse', prejudices have hindered a thorough historical analysis of the introduction and early application of electroshock therapy during the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. Contrary to the assumption of a 'dialectics of healing and killing', the introduction of electroshock therapy in the German Reich and occupied territories was neither especially swift nor radical...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997313/they-survived-we-can-help-them-thrive-older-adult-refugees-in-the-united-states
#11
Mitra Ahmadinejad-Naseh, Shanna L Burke
As of November 2016, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) classified nine ongoing conflicts as limited, eleven as significant, and six as critical in terms of their impact on the United States' interests. The CFR evaluated all of these conflicts as worsening or remaining unchanged. During the past few years, several conflicts have started, but few have been resolved. Ongoing conflicts and fear of persecution resulted in the forced displacement of millions of individuals in recent years. The population of forcibly displaced individuals rose to 65...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965902/tuberculosis-and-migration-a-challenge-for-medical-staff-and-public-health
#12
Ines Griesshammer, David Shiva Srivastava, Christophe von Garnier, Till Silvan Blaser, Aris Exadaktylos, Moritz Steib
A high number of asylum seekers enter Switzerland every year. They often originate from countries with a high TB prevalence. Our patient from Somalia presented with 2 lipoma-like tumors with pain on palpation on his left chest wall but no symptoms including coughing, fever, night-sweats, or loss of weight. CT scan then showed diffuse infiltrations of his lung and multiple abscesses on his left chest wall. Therefore contagious tuberculosis (TB) was suspected and the patient was put in isolation. In the follow-up the diagnosis of open TB was proofed with bronchial secretion and EBUS-guided biopsy that showed acid-fast rods...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959486/-unique-identities-and-vulnerabilities-the-case-for-transgender-identity-as-a-basis-for-asylum
#13
Adena L Wayne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cornell Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956649/introduction-histories-of-asylums-insanity-and-psychiatry-in-scotland
#14
Chris Philo, Jonathan Andrews
This paper introduces a special issue on 'Histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland', situating the papers that follow in an outline historiography of work in this field. Using Allan Beveridge's claims in 1993 about the relative lack of research on the history of psychiatry in Scotland, the paper reviews a range of contributions that have emerged since then, loosely distinguishing between 'overviews' - work addressing longer-term trends and broader periods and systems - and more detailed studies of particular 'individuals and institutions'...
December 12, 2016: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936254/-the-iconographic-archive-what-does-the-visual-culture-of-the-origins-of-french-psychiatry-in-the-early-nineteenth-century-reveal-to-us
#15
Ginette Jubinville
This article constructs a new history of the birth of psychiatry that of its visual culture, through the study of heretofore unpublished and neglected archives.The analysis of artworks commissioned by the first French psychiatrists at the beginning of the nineteenth century highlights, in an exceptional way, the recognition of subjectivation and autonomy of the mentally sick person, which is the inherent hope of psychiatry's initial project.The artists who fulfilled the first psychiatrists' commissions expressed this ideal, which was conveyed both by the humanist philanthropy of early psychiatry and by the artistic vocabulary of the nineteenth century...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#16
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931054/-tb-screening-of-pregnant-women-in-accordance-with-the-german-protection-against-infection-act
#17
(no author information available yet)
Pregnant women should be tested with immune tests for tuberculosis when they undergo TB screening according to the German Infectious Diseases Protection Act. Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) should be the priority tests used for pregnant refugees and asylum seekers, especially when migrating from high incidence countries (> 20 cases/100.000 population according to the ECDC) or when they fled from crisis regions; positive tuberculin skin tests should be veryfied with IGRA. Once immunological tests are suggesting a latent tuberculosis infection it should be considered that pregnant women have an increased risk of developing active tuberculosis with potential health threats for the unborn child...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923341/-unseen-suffering-therapy-for-traumatized-refugee-children
#18
Andreas Mattenschlager, Stefanie Nahler, Regine Reisinger
Unseen Suffering - Therapy for Traumatized Refugee Children In March 2015 the psychological counselling service (Psychologische Familien- und Lebensberatung) of Caritas Ulm initiated a psychotherapy project for traumatized minor refugees. Besides individual and group therapy, networking and qualification of qualified personnel and volunteers, in autumn 2015 we started offering our services on-site in a large collective accommodation for asylum seekers in Ulm. This was mainly because - in contrast to unaccompanied, mostly adolescent, minor refugees - our services appeared to reach children only by chance...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923340/-decision-support-for-the-therapy-planning-for-young-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-with-posttraumatic-disorders
#19
Cornelia Reher, Franka Metzner
Decision Support for the Therapy Planning for Young Refugees and Asylum-Seekers with Posttraumatic Disorders Due to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and § 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, there are legal and ethical obligations for the care of minor refugees suffering from trauma-related disorders. In Germany, psychotherapeutic care of adolescent refugees is provided by specialized treatment centers and Child and Adolescent psychiatries with specialized consultation-hours for refugees. Treatment of minor refugees is impeded by various legal and organizational barriers...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923339/-mental-health-in-children-from-families-seeking-asylum-in-mecklenburg-western-pomerania-2007-2009-personal-and-contextual-risk-factors
#20
Olaf Reis, Petra Jung, Frank Häßler
Mental Health in Children from Families Seeking Asylum in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2007-2009 - Personal and Contextual Risk Factors The study presented describes severity and conditions of various psychiatric symptoms in children from families seeking refuge in Germany 2007-2009 and registered in the province of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Mothers of 58 children (aged 12 years on average, 23 girls, 33 boys) answered the items of the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991). First, the burden of disease among refugee children was compared to standard burdens of German children...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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