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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792926/prediction-of-midlife-hand-osteoarthritis-in-young-men
#1
Karin Magnusson, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Simon Timpka, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: Improved prediction modeling in osteoarthritis (OA) may encourage risk reduction through calculation of individual and population lifetime risks. There are currently no prediction models for hand OA. Thus, we aimed to i) develop a prediction model for hand OA in men and ii) to contrast its discriminative performance to a prediction model for lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We included 40 118 men aged 18 years undergoing mandatory conscription in Sweden 1969-70...
May 21, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792040/lung-cancer-screening-with-mri-characterization-of-nodules-with-different-non-enhanced-mri-sequences
#2
Michael Meier-Schroers, Rami Homsi, Hans Heinz Schild, Daniel Thomas
Background There is increased interest in pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a radiation-free alternative to computed tomography (CT) for lung cancer screening. Purpose To analyze MRI characteristics of pulmonary nodules with different non-enhanced sequences. Material and Methods Eighty-two participants of a lung cancer screening were included. MRI datasets of 32 individuals with 46 different nodules ≥ 6 mm were prospectively evaluated together with 50 controls by two readers. Acquired sequences were T2- short tau inversion recovery (STIR), T2, balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP), 3D-T1, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791660/potential-role-of-sorafenib-as-neoadjuvant-therapy-in-unresectable-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#3
Debora L S Danilovic, Gilberto Castro, Felipe S R Roitberg, Felipe A B Vanderlei, Fernanda A Bonani, Ricardo M C Freitas, George B Coura-Filho, Rosalinda Y Camargo, Marco A Kulcsar, Suemi Marui, Ana O Hoff
Total thyroidectomy, radioiodine (RAI) therapy, and TSH suppression are the mainstay treatment for differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTCs). Treatments for metastatic disease include surgery, external-beam radiotherapy, RAI, and kinase inhibitors for progressive iodine-refractory disease. Unresectable locoregional disease remains a challenge, as standard therapy with RAI becomes unfeasible. We report a case of a young patient who presented with unresectable papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and treatment with sorafenib allowed total thyroidectomy and RAI therapy...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791289/minimally-invasive-lung-cancer-surgery-performed-by-thoracic-surgeons-as-effective-as-thoracotomy
#4
Daniel J Boffa, Andrzej S Kosinski, Anthony P Furnary, Sunghee Kim, Mark W Onaitis, Betty C Tong, Patricia A Cowper, Jessica R Hoag, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Cameron D Wright, Joe B Putnam, Felix G Fernandez
Purpose The prevalence of minimally invasive lung cancer surgery using video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has increased dramatically over the past decade, yet recent studies have suggested that the lymph node evaluation during VATS lobectomy is inadequate. We hypothesized that the minimally invasive approach to lobectomy for stage I lung cancer resulted in a longitudinal outcome that was not inferior to thoracotomy. Patients and Methods Patients > 65 years of age who had undergone lobectomy for stage I lung cancer between 2002 and 2013 were analyzed within the Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database, which had been linked to Medicare data, as part of a retrospective-cohort, noninferiority study...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790668/the-effects-of-aberrant-expression-of-lncrna-dgcr5-mir-873-5p-tusc3-in-lung-cancer-cell-progression
#5
Judong Luo, Hong Zhu, Hua Jiang, Yayun Cui, Mengjie Wang, Xinye Ni, Changsheng Ma
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, and nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80% of all pulmonary carcinomas. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been paid attention for exploring treatment of various diseases. Upregulation of DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 5 (DGCR5) predicts better lung squamous cell carcinoma prognosis; therefore, we explore the role of DGCR5 in lung cancer in our present study. Consecutive patients with LC were treated in our hospital between January 2015 and January 2016...
May 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790099/the-changes-underwent-by-free-fat-pads-used-for-pulmonary-air-leakage-repair
#6
Isao Matsumoto, Makoto Oda, Hiroko Ikeda, Keiichi Kimura, Masaya Tamura, Hirofumi Takemura
The use of free fat pads is effective for repairing pulmonary air leakage clinically. It has been reported that the free pericardial fat pad (FPFP) used to repair the lung remained at the transplanted site in many cases according to images. However, no information is available regarding what type of actual changes these free fat pads with no blood supply undergo. We examined changes in an FPFP that was used to repair pulmonary air leakage in a patient who underwent a surgery for lung cancer 1 year ago. Although the FPFP transplanted to the pleural defect remained without deforming morphologically in this patient 1 year after the first surgery, pathological findings suggested fat necrosis surrounded by fibrous tissue...
May 22, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789762/percutaneous-computed-tomography-guided-permanent-125-i-implantation-as-therapy-for-pulmonary-metastasis
#7
Xiaodong Huo, Bin Huo, Huixing Wang, Lei Wang, Qiang Cao, Guangjun Zheng, Junjie Wang, Shude Chai, Zuncheng Zhang, Kuo Yang, Yuanjie Niu, Haitao Wang
Purpose: To evaluate intermediate-term outcomes after computed tomography (CT)-guided radioactive 125 I seed implantation (CTRISI), and to determine prognostic variables associated with outcomes in patients with pulmonary metastases. Material and methods: Thoracic surgeons evaluated and performed implantation of 125 I radioactive seeds under CT guidance or combined with surgical resection. Patients were monitored in the thoracic surgery clinic for recurrence and survival...
April 2018: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789556/foxm1-dependent-rad51-and-brca2-signaling-protects-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-fibroblasts-from-radiation-induced-cell-death
#8
Jintaek Im, Jessica Lawrence, Davis Seelig, Richard S Nho
Radiation therapy is critical for the control of many tumors and lung is an important dose-limiting organ that impacts radiation dose prescribed to avoid irreversible pulmonary fibrosis in cancer survivors. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, irreversible lung disease caused by aberrantly activated lung (myo)fibroblasts. The presence of pro-fibrotic, apoptosis-resistant fibroblasts in IPF promotes progressive fibrosis and may have a role in other diseases, if these resistant cells are selected for as a consequence of treatment...
May 22, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789421/pericytes-in-the-premetastatic-niche
#9
REVIEW
Ana E Paiva, Luiza Lousado, Daniel A P Guerra, Patrick O Azevedo, Isadora F G Sena, Julia P Andreotti, Gabryella S P Santos, Ricardo Gonçalves, Akiva Mintz, Alexander Birbrair
The premetastatic niche formed by primary tumor-derived molecules contributes to fixation of cancer metastasis. The design of efficient therapies is limited by the current lack of knowledge about the details of cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the premetastatic niche formation. Recently, the role of pericytes in the premetastatic niche formation and lung metastatic tropism was explored by using state-of-the-art techniques, including in vivo lineage-tracing and mice with pericyte-specific KLF4 deletion...
May 22, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789147/long-term-outcomes-of-isolated-superficial-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-active-cancer
#10
Jean-Philippe Galanaud, Sophie Blaise, Marie-Antoinette Sevestre, Hugo Terrisse, Gilles Pernod, Catherine Gaillard, Celine Genty, Manuel Monreal, Yacine Rabah, Susan R Kahn, Isabelle Quéré, Jean-Luc Bosson
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients who develop a deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) or a pulmonary embolism (PE) are at higher risk of death than similar cancer patients who do not develop DVT or PE. The impact of isolated superficial venous thrombosis (SVT) (i.e. without DVT or PE) on the prognosis of cancer patients is unknown. METHODS: Data from the OPTIMEV, multicentre, observational study, to compare at 3 years the incidences of death, DVT-PE recurrence and bleeding of cancer patients with objectively confirmed SVT vs...
April 20, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788918/alterations-in-no-and-pgi-2-dependent-function-in-aorta-in-the-orthotopic-murine-model-of-metastatic-4t1-breast-cancer-relationship-with-pulmonary-endothelial-dysfunction-and-systemic-inflammation
#11
E Buczek, A Denslow, L Mateuszuk, B Proniewski, T Wojcik, B Sitek, A Fedorowicz, A Jasztal, E Kus, A Chmura-Skirlinska, R Gurbiel, J Wietrzyk, S Chlopicki
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer develop endothelial dysfunction and subsequently display a higher risk of cardiovascular events. The aim of the present work was to examine changes in nitric oxide (NO)- and prostacyclin (PGI2 )-dependent endothelial function in the systemic conduit artery (aorta), in relation to the formation of lung metastases and to local and systemic inflammation in a murine orthotopic model of metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: BALB/c female mice were orthotopically inoculated with 4T1 breast cancer cells...
May 22, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788694/long-term-rivaroxaban-for-the-treatment-of-acute-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-active-cancer-in-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#12
Ho-Young Yhim, Won-Il Choi, Sung-Hyun Kim, Seung-Hyun Nam, Kyoung Ha Kim, Yeung-Chul Mun, Doyeun Oh, Hun-Gyu Hwang, Keun-Wook Lee, Eun-Kee Song, Yong Shik Kwon, Soo-Mee Bang
Background/Aims: Limited data are available regarding the efficacy of rivaroxaban for the treatment of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban for the treatment of VTE in active cancer patients. Methods: In this prospective, multicenter, open-label trial (NCT01989845), we enrolled patients with active cancer and objectively diagnosed lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism (PE), or both from November 2013 to June 2016...
May 23, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787590/cost-effectiveness-of-an-autoantibody-test-earlycdt-lung-as-an-aid-to-early-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-in-patients-with-incidentally-detected-pulmonary-nodules
#13
John Edelsberg, Derek Weycker, Mark Atwood, Geoffrey Hamilton-Fairley, James R Jett
OBJECTIVE: Patients who have incidentally detected pulmonary nodules and an estimated intermediate risk (5-60%) of lung cancer frequently are followed via computed tomography (CT) surveillance to detect nodule growth, despite guidelines for a more aggressive diagnostic strategy. We examined the cost-effectiveness of an autoantibody test (AABT)-Early Cancer Detection Test-Lung (EarlyCDT-LungTM)-as an aid to early diagnosis of lung cancer among such patients. METHODS: We developed a decision-analytic model to evaluate use of the AABT versus CT surveillance alone...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787385/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-to-explore-the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-interventions-in-improving-fatigue-dyspnea-and-depression-in-lung-cancer-survivors
#14
Catherine L Henshall, Lizzie Allin, Helen Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer survival rates are increasing; however, lung cancer survivors' mental and physical well-being can suffer from experiencing symptoms of fatigue, dyspnea, and depression. Exercise can improve these symptoms. However, no studies have examined the effects of different exercise interventions on these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to examine the evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, dyspnea, and depression in lung cancer survivors...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786869/rare-labial-ulcer-related-to-the-use-of-all-trans-retinoic-acid-in-a-patient-with-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia
#15
M P Buligon, J C Mielke, K L Ferrazzo, J Chiesa
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is the first-choice therapy for the treatment of this disease, but has been associated with side effects, the most serious of which is retinoic acid syndrome (RAS). RAS is characterized by unexplained fever, dyspnea, pulmonary infiltrate, leukocytosis and nephropathy. Genital ulcers have been described in some cases, but only two cases of oral ulcers related to this syndrome have been described in the literature...
May 22, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786110/multi%C3%A2-layered-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-inflammation-organ-fibrosis-and-cancer-associated-with-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-activation-review
#16
Masaru Katoh
β‑catenin/CTNNB1 is an intracellular scaffold protein that interacts with adhesion molecules (E‑cadherin/CDH1, N‑cadherin/CDH2, VE‑cadherin/CDH5 and α‑catenins), transmembrane‑type mucins (MUC1/CD227 and MUC16/CA125), signaling regulators (APC, AXIN1, AXIN2 and NHERF1/EBP50) and epigenetic or transcriptional regulators (BCL9, BCL9L, CREBBP/CBP, EP300/p300, FOXM1, MED12, SMARCA4/BRG1 and TCF/LEF). Gain‑of‑function CTTNB1 mutations are detected in bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer and uterine cancer, whereas loss‑of‑function CTNNB1 mutations are also detected in human cancer...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785570/phase-1b-investigation-of-the-mek-inhibitor-binimetinib-in-patients-with-advanced-or-metastatic-biliary-tract-cancer
#17
R S Finn, D H Ahn, M M Javle, B R Tan, C D Weekes, J C Bendell, A Patnaik, G N Khan, D Laheru, R Chavira, J Christy-Bittel, E Barrett, M B Sawyer, Tanios S Bekaii-Saab
Background The MAPK pathway plays a central role in regulation of several cellular processes, and its dysregulation is a hallmark of biliary tract cancer (BTC). Binimetinib (MEK162), a potent, selective oral MEK1/2 inhibitor, was assessed in patients with advanced BTC. Patients and Methods An expansion cohort study in patients who received ≤1 line of therapy for advanced BTC was conducted after determination of the maximum tolerated dose in this Phase 1 trial. Patients received binimetinib 60 mg twice daily...
May 22, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785317/a-rare-case-of-penile-metastases-as-a-harbinger-of-primary-pulmonary-adenosquamous-carcinoma
#18
Partha Hota, Tejas N Patel, Xiaofeng Zhao, Carrie Schneider, Omar Agosto
Although lung cancer has a high propensity for distant metastatic disease, penile metastases from primary lung neoplasms are considered particularly rare. A 71-year-old male presented to our hospital with a rapidly enlarging hard palpable penile mass. MR imaging demonstrated two penile masses centered in the left and right corpus cavernosa. Subsequent CT imaging revealed a spiculated pulmonary mass in the right upper lobe with PET/CT, MRI, and surgical exploration, demonstrating evidence of metastases to the left adrenal gland, right subscapularis muscle, brain, and small bowel...
2018: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785018/pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-with-high-grade-fetal-adenocarcinoma-component-has-a-poor-prognosis-comparable-to-that-of-micropapillary-adenocarcinoma
#19
Masaki Suzuki, Yukio Nakatani, Hiroyuki Ito, Hiroto Narimatsu, Kozo Yamada, Emi Yoshioka, Kota Washimi, Yoichiro Okubo, Kae Kawachi, Yohei Miyagi, Tomoyuki Yokose
Fetal adenocarcinoma is a rare variant of lung adenocarcinoma, which is subcategorized into low-grade and high-grade forms. High-grade fetal adenocarcinoma confers worse prognosis than low-grade fetal adenocarcinoma, but the prognostic differences between high-grade fetal adenocarcinoma and conventional lung adenocarcinoma are unknown. We reviewed tissue sections of 3719 cases of surgically resected primary lung cancers and found 53 lung cancers with a high-grade fetal adenocarcinoma component. We analyzed their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features, and performed a prognostic analysis of adenocarcinomas with the fetal-type component...
May 21, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784132/effect-of-the-self-efficacy-enhancing-active-cycle-of-breathing-technique-on-lung-cancer-patients-with-lung-resection-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#20
Mei Yang, Jiu-di Zhong, Jun-E Zhang, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Chuan-Zhen Li, Zhang-Xiang Hong, Si-Wen Zhang
PURPOSE: Enhancing self-efficacy during the active cycle of breathing technique is essential for realizing the full benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation among lung cancer patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy-enhancing active cycle of breathing technique (SEE-ACBT) among patients with lung resection. METHOD: A quasi-experimental trial with a pre-post test design was performed. The control group (n = 81) received routine perioperative care, and the intervention group (n = 81) received SEE-ACBT in addition to routine perioperative care...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
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