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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213375/a-deep-ethics-for-mental-difference-and-disability-the-case-of-vincent-van-gogh
#1
Bradley Lewis
Despite a growing prevalence of mental illness diagnoses and treatments, there remains remarkable interpretive diversity regarding the meaning of these diagnoses and their implication for mental healthcare. Humanities scholarship devoted to language, power and ethical cares of the self provides invaluable tools for navigating interpretive diversity in this domain. This scholarship suggests that ethical questions of informed consent regarding mental difference and disability go much deeper than the usual standards...
February 17, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202154/social-media-processes-in-disasters-implications-of-emergent-technology-use
#2
Dhiraj Murthy, Alexander J Gross
This article seeks to extend social science scholarship on social media technology use during disruptive events. Though social media's role in times of crisis has been previously studied, much of this work tends to focus on first-responders and relief organizations. However, social media use during disasters tends to be decentralized and this organizational structure can promote different types of messages to top-down information systems. Using 142,786 geo-tagged tweets collected before and after Hurricane Sandy's US landfall as a case study, this article seeks to explore shifts in social media behavior during disruptive events and highlights that though Sandy disrupted routine life within Twitter, users responded to the disaster by employing humor, sharing photos, and checking into locations...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198724/engaging-learners-to-advance-medical-education
#3
Jesse Burk-Rafel, R Logan Jones, Janice L Farlow
Learners are a pillar of academic medicine, yet their voice is seldom heard in national and international scholarly conversations on medical education. However, learners are eager to contribute: in response to a recent open call from Academic Medicine, medical students and residents representing 98 institutions across 11 countries submitted 224 Letters to the Editor on wide-ranging topics. In this Invited Commentary, the authors-three medical students serving in national leadership roles-contextualize several themes discussed in these learner-authored letters...
February 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190366/predictors-of-remote-practice-location-in-the-first-seven-cohorts-of-james-cook-university-mbbs-graduates
#4
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Maria Bellei
INTRODUCTION: This article describes factors predicting James Cook University (JCU) medical graduates undertaking at least 1 year of remote practice. The cross-sectional design involved point-in-time (2015) analysis of the JCU medical school's ongoing longitudinal graduate tracking database. Participants were the first seven cohorts of graduates from the JCU medical school who had completed at least their postgraduate year (PGY) 4 in Australia (<i>n</i>=529); that is, PGY 4 to PGY 10 graduates...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183414/transitioning-from-medical-educator-to-scholarship-in-medical-education
#5
Alix G Darden, Stephanie D DeLeon
Clinician educators spend most of their time in clinical practice, educating trainees in all types of care settings. Many are involved in formal teaching, curriculum development and learner assessment while holding educational leadership roles as well. Finding time to engage in scholarly work that can be presented and published is an academic expectation, but also a test of efficiency. Just as clinical research originates from problems related to patients, so should educational research originate from issues related to educating the next generation of doctors...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181852/implementing-interprofessional-education-and-practice-lessons-from-a-resource-constrained-university
#6
J M Frantz, A J Rhoda
Interprofessional education is seen as a vehicle to facilitate collaborative practice and, therefore, address the complex health needs of populations. A number of concerns have, however, been raised with the implementation of interprofessional education. The three core concerns raised in the literature and addressed in the article include the lack of an explicit framework, challenges operationalising interprofessional education and practice, and the lack of critical mass in terms of human resources to drive activities related to interprofessional education and practice...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174318/integrating-quality-improvement-education-into-the-nephrology-curricular-milestones-framework-and-the-clinical-learning-environment-review
#7
Lisa K Prince, Dustin J Little, Katherine I Schexneider, Christina M Yuan
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that trainees show progressive milestone attainment in the practice-based learning and systems-based practice competencies. As part of the Clinical Learning Environment Review, sponsoring hospitals must educate trainees in health care quality improvement, provide them with specialty-specific quality data, and ensure trainee participation in quality improvement activities and committees. Subspecialty-specific quality improvement curricula in nephrology training programs have not been reported, although considerable curricular and assessment material exists for specialty residencies, including tools for assessing trainee and faculty competence...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170107/strategic-science-for-eating-disorders-research-and-policy-impact
#8
Christina A Roberto, Kelly D Brownell
Scientific research often fails to have relevance and impact because scientists do not engage policy makers and influencers in the process of identifying information needs and generating high priority questions. To address this scholarship-policy gap, we have developed a model of Strategic Science. This research approach involves working with policy makers and influencers to craft research questions that will answer important and timely policy-related questions. The goal is to create tighter links between research and policy and ensure findings are communicated efficiently to change agents best positioned to apply the research to policy debates...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169953/toward-relational-practices-for-enabling-knowledge-to-action-in-health-systems-the-example-of-deliberative-dialogue
#9
Katrina Plamondon, Susana Caxaj
Despite widespread emphasis on evidence-informed decision making in health care, there remain persistent challenges in actualizing this ideal. An integrated strategy to knowledge translation can help bridge perspectives across sectors, communities, and organizations, and bridge the "knowledge-to-action" gap. One such strategy is a deliberative dialogue method. Deliberative dialogue has unique potential to mobilize partnered changes and improvements across health care, and we believe, is most salient when enacted relationally through practices of relational engagement and relational accountability...
February 6, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164372/tackling-wicked-problems-how-theories-of-agency-can-provide-new-insights
#10
Lara Varpio, Carol Aschenbrener, Joanna Bates
OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews why and how theories of agency can be used as analytical lenses to help health professions education (HPE) scholars address our community's wicked problems. Wicked problems are those that resist clear problem statements, defy traditional analysis approaches, and refuse definitive resolution (e.g. student remediation, assessments of professionalism, etc.). We illustrate how theories of agency can provide new insights into such challenges by examining the application of these theories to one particular wicked problem in HPE: interprofessional education (IPE)...
February 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164354/longitudinal-ultrasound-education-track-curriculum-implemented-within-an-emergency-medicine-residency-program
#11
Creagh Boulger, Daniel Z Adams, Daralee Hughes, David P Bahner, Andrew King
Emergency Medicine residency programs offer ultrasound-focused curricula to address Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones. Although some programs offer advanced clinical tracks in ultrasound, no standard curriculum exists. We sought to establish a well-defined ultrasound track curriculum to allow interested residents to develop advanced clinical skills and scholarship within this academic niche. The curriculum involves a greater number of clinical scans, ultrasound-focused scholarly and quality improvement projects, enhanced faculty-driven ultrasound focused didactics, and participation at a national ultrasound conference to receive certification...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163343/old-er-care-home-residents-and-sexual-intimate-citizenship
#12
Paul Simpson, Maria Horne, Laura J E Brown, Christine Brown Wilson, Tommy Dickinson, Kate Torkington
Sexuality and intimacy in care homes for older people are overshadowed by concern with prolonging physical and/or psychological autonomy. When sexuality and intimacy have been addressed in scholarship, this can reflect a sexological focus concerned with how to continue sexual activity with reduced capacity. We review the (Anglophone) academic and practitioner literatures bearing on sexuality and intimacy in relation to older care home residents (though much of this applies to older people generally). We highlight how ageism (or ageist erotophobia), which defines older people as post-sexual, restricts opportunities for the expression of sexuality and intimacy...
February 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161672/finger-pricks-and-blood-vials-how-doctors-medicalize-cultural-solutions-to-demedicalize-the-broken-hymen-in-the-netherlands
#13
Sherria Ayuandini
This paper provides new perspectives on the scholarship on medicalization and demedicalization, building on an ethnography of hymenoplasty consultations in the Netherlands. By examining how doctors can play an active role in demedicalization, this paper presents novel insights into Dutch physicians' attempt to demedicalize the "broken" hymen. In their consultations, Dutch doctors persuade hymenoplasty patients to abandon the assumed medical definition of the "broken" hymen and offer nonmedical solutions to patients' problems...
January 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159142/group-psychotherapy-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults-evidence-based-practice-applications
#14
REVIEW
Nicholas C Heck
Although there are descriptions of transgender-affirmative group psychotherapy services in the literature, there is limited research on the topic. Mental health professionals who plan to offer such services should draw on evidence-based treatments, where appropriate, and have a working knowledge of current standards of care, practice guidelines, and counseling competencies. This article reviews and synthesizes the existing research and scholarship on this topic, placing an emphasis on group-specific competencies and intervention components that can be integrated into psychotherapy groups for transgender and gender nonconforming clients...
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155125/-adolf-lorenz-s-decision-to-study-medicine
#15
Gerold Holzer
The childhood and adolescence years are decisive in life. It was the aim of this study to analyze the pubertal years of Adolf Lorenz, the founder of Austrian orthopedics who left his mark in all parts of the world, with respect to his choice of profession. As the son of poor people from the former frontier region of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with Poland, then known as Austrian-Silesia, he was provided with a scholarship in a boys' choir at a Carinthian monastery and then continued his studies at a college in Klagenfurt, capital of Carinthia...
February 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154546/the-role-and-reprocessing-of-attitudes-in-fostering-employee-work-happiness-an-intervention-study
#16
Paige Williams, Margaret L Kern, Lea Waters
This intervention study examines the iterative reprocessing of explicit and implicit attitudes as the process underlying associations between positive employee attitudes (PsyCap), perception of positive organization culture (organizational virtuousness, OV), and work happiness. Using a quasi-experimental design, a group of school staff (N = 69) completed surveys at three time points. After the first assessment, the treatment group (n = 51) completed a positive psychology training intervention. Results suggest that employee PsyCap, OV, and work happiness are associated with one another through both implicit and explicit attitudes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151008/deeply-rooted-in-memories-toward-a-comprehensive-overview-of-30%C3%A2-years-of-memorable-message-literature
#17
Angela Cooke-Jackson, Valerie Rubinsky
Knapp, Stohl, and Reardon's (1981) seminal work reported that some messages may be "remembered for a long time and have a profound influence on a person's life" (p. 27). While the foundational concepts of this framework have offered a meaningful contribution to memorable messages research, this article seeks to unpack the past three decades of the literature specific to the field of communication. The authors will highlight the trajectory and changes while considering its present use, episodes, and situations that transpire in individual lived experiences...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150253/-the-role-of-nursing-education-in-the-advancement-of-the-nursing-profession
#18
Mei Chang Yeh
The present article discusses the role of nursing education in the advancement of the nursing profession in the context of the three facets of knowledge: generation, dissemination, and application. Nursing is an applied science and the application of knowledge in practice is the ultimate goal of the nursing profession. The reform of the healthcare delivery model requires that nurses acquire and utilize evidence-based clinical knowledge, critical thinking, effective communication, and team collaboration skills in order to ensure the quality of patient care and safety...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149066/do-yogis-have-learning-styles-a-somatic-solution
#19
William Ben Strean
BACKGROUND: Learning styles has captivated a great deal of attention in yoga teacher training. The triad of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic learning styles has been particularly popular; yet as Sharp et al. asserted, such an approach trivializes the complexity of learning and compromises scholarship at all levels of the education community. AIMS: This paper addresses that although there is great merit in recognizing yoga students' differences and preferences, many uses of learning styles in yoga teacher training are superficial and promote self-handicapping...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136698/breaking-the-cycles-of-poverty-strategies-achievements-and-lessons-learned-in-los-cuatro-santos-nicaragua-1990-2014
#20
Elmer Zelaya Blandón, Carina Källestål, Rodolfo Peña, Wilton Perez, Staffan Berglund, Mariela Contreras, Lars-Åke Persson
BACKGROUND: In a post-war frontier area in north-western Nicaragua that was severely hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, local stakeholders embarked on and facilitated multi-dimensional development initiatives to break the cycles of poverty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the process of priority-setting, and the strategies, guiding principles, activities, achievements, and lessons learned in these local development efforts from 1990 to 2014 in the Cuatro Santos area, Nicaragua...
2017: Global Health Action
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