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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736896/studying-stepfamilies-four-eras-of-family-scholarship
#1
Lawrence Ganong, Marilyn Coleman
Historically, there have always been stepfamilies, but until the early 1970s, they remained largely unnoticed by social scientists. Research interest in stepfamilies followed shortly after divorce became the primary precursor to stepfamily formation. Because stepfamilies are structurally diverse and much more complex than nuclear families, they have created considerable challenges for both researchers and clinicians. This article examines four eras of stepfamily scholarship, tracing the development of research questions, study designs and methods, and conceptual frameworks from the mid-1970s to the present and drawing implications for the current state of the field...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726534/an-occupational-therapy-and-teaching-partnership-applying-a-scholarship-of-practice-model
#2
Brian Fitzgerald, Siobhán MacCobb
Occupational therapists must generate knowledge and evidence that relates specifically to their practice context especially when there is a paucity of literature for emerging areas of practice. This paper describes the process of adopting a scholarship of practice approach with other professionals to generate evidence for practice in mainstream post primary school settings with students with social, emotional and behavioral difficulties (SEBD). Scholarship of practice and clinical reasoning are closely intertwined as therapists generate evidence on their practice to make informed decisions and judgments...
July 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725975/supporting-sustainability-initiatives-through-biometeorology-education-and-training
#3
Michael J Allen, Jennifer Vanos, David M Hondula, Daniel J Vecellio, David Knight, Hamed Mehdipoor, Rebekah Lucas, Chris Fuhrmann, Hanna Lokys, Angela Lees, Sheila Tavares Nascimento, Andrew C W Leung, David R Perkins
The International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) has covered significant breadth and depth addressing fundamental and applied societal and environmental challenges in the last 60 years. Biometeorology is an interdisciplinary science connecting living organisms to their environment, but there is very little understanding of the existence and placement of this discipline within formal educational systems and institutions. It is thus difficult to project the ability of members of the biometeorological community-especially the biometeorologists of the future-to help solve global challenges...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719136/comparing-alternative-and-traditional-dissemination-metrics-in-medical-education
#4
Aysah Amath, Kristin Ambacher, John J Leddy, Timothy J Wood, Christopher J Ramnanan
CONTEXT: The impact of academic scholarship has traditionally been measured using citation-based metrics. However, citations may not be the only measure of impact. In recent years, other platforms (e.g. Twitter) have provided new tools for promoting scholarship to both academic and non-academic audiences. Alternative metrics (altmetrics) can capture non-traditional dissemination data such as attention generated on social media platforms. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this exploratory study were to characterise the relationships among altmetrics, access counts and citations in an international and pre-eminent medical education journal, and to clarify the roles of these metrics in assessing the impact of medical education academic scholarship...
July 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714497/admitting-deserving-medical-students-from-rural-and-disadvantaged-patan-academy-of-health-sciences-approach
#5
S K Upadhyay, S Bhandary, D B Bhandari, R K Dulal, K P Baral, R N Gongal, P K Acharya, S Shrestha, J N Shah, A Karki
BACKGROUND: Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS) aims to produce physicians who would be able and willing to serve in the rural areas. Recognizing the critical importance of student selection strategy, among others, in achieving the program goals, it has adopted an innovative scheme for selecting medical students. This paper describes PAHS medical student selection scheme that favors enrollment of deserving applicants from rural and disadvantaged groups so as to help improve distribution of physicians in rural Nepal...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714156/participation-of-children-and-youth-with-disability-new-perspectives-and-scholarship-of-sylvia-rodger
#6
Elspeth Heather Froude
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714154/professor-sylvia-rodger-s-scholarship-and-contributions-to-the-autism-spectrum-disorder-body-of-knowledge
#7
Annette Joosten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707863/science-and-russian-orthodox-scholarship
#8
COMMENT
Karl Hall, Dimitri Bayuk
In Russia the theme of science and religion found its strongest resonance at the levels of humanistic scholarship and Christianity in general, where visions of harmony dominated and doctrinal and confessional particularity was largely absent. The fraught relations of both the Holy Synod and the Imperial Academy of Sciences with the Russian state since the early eighteenth century had the collateral consequence of minimal institutional contacts between theology and natural philosophy. Though “scientific apologetics” eventually found a place in the seminaries, scientists did not contribute to this scholarship in the nineteenth century...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688526/perceptions-of-academic-administrators-of-the-effect-of-involvement-in-doctoral-programs-on-faculty-members-research-and-work-life-balance
#9
Suzanne C Smeltzer, Nancy C Sharts-Hopko, Mary Ann Cantrell, Mary Ann Heverly, Nancy Wise, Amanda Jenkinson
BACKGROUND: Support for research strongly predicts doctoral program faculty members' research productivity. Although academic administrators affect such support, their views of faculty members' use of support are unknown. PURPOSE: We examined academic administrators' perceptions of institutional support and their perceptions of the effects of teaching doctoral students on faculty members' scholarship productivity and work-life balance. METHODS: An online survey was completed by a random sample of 180 deans/directors of schools of nursing and doctoral programs directors...
May 10, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686628/the-rural-pipeline-to-longer-term-rural-practice-general-practitioners-and-specialists
#10
Marcella M S Kwan, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Maree R Toombs, Geoffrey C Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Rural medical workforce shortage contributes to health disadvantage experienced by rural communities worldwide. This study aimed to determine the regional results of an Australian Government sponsored national program to enhance the Australian rural medical workforce by recruiting rural background students and establishing rural clinical schools (RCS). In particular, we wished to determine predictors of graduates' longer-term rural practice and whether the predictors differ between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682715/advancing-the-field-of-synthesis-scholarship-a-response-to-nicky-britten-and-colleagues
#11
Sally Thorne
Continuing the dialogue and debate on the relevance and value of qualitative metasynthesis research for the health fields, Thorne comments on some of the ideas raised by Britten and colleagues in response to her January 2017 Qualitative Health Research editorial on Metasynthetic Madness. Here she extends the debate on the terminology with which we refer to this kind of scholarly work and the kinds of research synthesis that hold potential for adding value to existing knowledge about matters of health and illness...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679089/declining-risk-of-sudden-death-in-heart-failure
#12
Li Shen, Pardeep S Jhund, Mark C Petrie, Brian L Claggett, Simona Barlera, John G F Cleland, Henry J Dargie, Christopher B Granger, John Kjekshus, Lars Køber, Roberto Latini, Aldo P Maggioni, Milton Packer, Bertram Pitt, Scott D Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Luigi Tavazzi, John Wikstrand, Faiez Zannad, Michael R Zile, John J V McMurray
BACKGROUND: The risk of sudden death has changed over time among patients with symptomatic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction with the sequential introduction of medications including angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers, beta-blockers, and mineralocorticoid-receptor antagonists. We sought to examine this trend in detail. METHODS: We analyzed data from 40,195 patients who had heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and were enrolled in any of 12 clinical trials spanning the period from 1995 through 2014...
July 6, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678134/protected-time-for-research-during-orthopaedic-residency-correlates-with-an-increased-number-of-resident-publications
#13
Benjamin R Williams, Julie A Agel, Ann E Van Heest
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires orthopaedic residency programs to promote scholarship and research, which manifest differently among programs. We assess the impact of protected research time during orthopaedic residency on the number of resident publications. METHODS: Rotation schedules and resident names were collected from 125 ACGME-accredited U.S. orthopaedic residency programs. Protected research time was classified as 1 of 3 types: (1) block time, (2) longitudinal time, or (3) no dedicated time...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678096/the-graduate-medical-education-scholars-track-developing-residents-as-clinician-educators-during-clinical-training-via-a-longitudinal-multimodal-and-multidisciplinary-track
#14
James Ahn, Shannon K Martin, Jeanne M Farnan, H Barrett Fromme
PROBLEM: Residency clinician-educator tracks have been created; however, they have generally been limited to a single discipline or program and experienced some challenges. The Graduate Medical Education Scholars Track (GMEST), an embedded longitudinal, multimodal, multidisciplinary clinician-educator track for residents, was piloted at the Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, in academic year 2014-2015. APPROACH: The GMEST is a two-year experience completed during residency training...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673187/iberian-science-reflections-and-studies
#15
María M Portuondo
Over the last two decades early modern historical studies of science, medicine, and technology in the Iberian world have developed into a broad-ranging field with contributions from scholars coming from different historiographical traditions and building upon the solid scholarship of earlier generations. This special issue is an opportunity to explore the field, its recent trends, acknowledge new perspectives that have contributed to the field's growth, and gauge future directions for the field. The six articles offer both reflections on the field's historiography and serve as examples of work currently under way...
June 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670211/trend-analysis-of-journal-metrics-a-new-academic-library-service
#16
Peter Kokol
OBJECTIVE: Temporal trends in source normalized impact per paper (SNIP) values for the three top-ranking nursing journals were analyzed and compared to explore whether predicting future SNIP values based on trend analysis could be an innovative service provided by librarians. METHODS: The International Journal of Nursing Studies, Journal of Nursing Scholarship, and Journal of Advanced Nursing were the three top-ranked nursing journals according to 2015 SNIP values...
July 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664997/differentiating-predatory-scholarship-best-practices-in-scholarly-publication
#17
Jimmy Gonzalez, Mary Barna Bridgeman, Evelyn R Hermes-DeSantis
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this article is to define predatory publishing, identify the risks and costs associated with publishing scholarship with these types of organizations and to provide recommendations for best practices how a potential author can protect themselves against predatory organizations. METHODS: A thorough review of the literature concerning predatory publishing was conducted and gleaned for best practices along with the authors' experiences. KEY FINDINGS: Pharmacy scholars and researchers worldwide recognize the virtues of the open access (OA) publication system, which is intended to freely disseminate research electronically, stimulate innovation and improve access to scholarship...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661282/informed-consent-in-dentistry
#18
Kevin I Reid
A review of literature regarding informed consent in dentistry reveals a paucity of information and minimal scholarship devoted to this subject. But this begs the question about informed consent somehow being different for dentistry than for medicine or other healthcare delivery. My account draws distinctions where appropriate but is rooted in the premise that informed consent is an ethical construct applicable to vulnerable people as patients independent of what type of treatment or body part being considered...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657992/ready-or-not-obstetrics-and-gynecology-resident-preparedness-for-female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-training
#19
Tanaka J Dune, Robert H Blackwell, Arianna Griffin, Susanne Taege, Juliana Sung, Elizabeth R Mueller, Linda Brubaker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the perception of female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) program directors (PDs) and obstetrics and gynecology (OG) FMPRS fellows regarding the adequacy of OG residency as preparation for FPMRS fellowship. METHODS: Electronic invitations to complete a modified version of a validated survey were extended to FPMRS PDs and their second- and third-year OG FPMRS fellows who had just completed their first or second year of FPMRS fellowship, respectively...
June 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644694/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-highly-cited-and-high-impact-occupational-therapy-publications-by-american-authors
#20
Sharon A Gutman, Ted Brown, Yuh-Shan Ho
A bibliometric analysis was completed of peer-reviewed literature from 1991-2015, written by American occupational therapists, to examine US high impact scholarship with "occupational therapy" and "occupational therapist(s)" used as keywords to search journal articles' publication title, abstract, author details, and keywords. Results included 1,889 journal articles from 1991-2015 published by American occupational therapists as first or corresponding author. Sixty-nine articles attained a TotalCitation2015 ≥ 50 and 151 attained a Citation2015 ≥ 5 indicating that they were the most highly cited literature produced in this period...
June 23, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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