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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332523/challenging-narratives-of-the-anti-rape-movement-s-decline
#1
Carrie N Baker, Maria Bevacqua
A recent trend in scholarship characterizes the anti-rape movement as founded with radical goals and achieving success at reforming rape laws, but then declining because of co-optation by the state. This article challenges narratives of decline in light of the history of the anti-rape movement and current anti-rape activism. By focusing their critique on criminal justice and therapeutic approaches to sexual violence, and failing to account for the diversity of the anti-rape movement, advocates for narratives of decline ignore parts of the movement that challenge the state and other parts that use broader cultural and community-based strategies to end rape...
March 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328781/normalization-of-deviation-quotation-error-in-human-factors
#2
Jordan Lock, Chris Bearman
Objective The objective of this paper is to examine quotation error in human factors. Background Science progresses through building on the work of previous research. This requires accurate quotation. Quotation error has a number of adverse consequences: loss of credibility, loss of confidence in the journal, and a flawed basis for academic debate and scientific progress. Quotation error has been observed in a number of domains, including marine biology and medicine, but there has been little or no previous study of this form of error in human factors, a domain that specializes in the causes and management of error...
January 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325406/polycentrism-in-global-health-governance-scholarship-comment-on-four-challenges-that-global-health-networks-face
#3
Jale Tosun
Drawing on an in-depth analysis of eight global health networks, a recent essay in this journal argued that global health networks face four challenges to their effectiveness: problem definition, positioning, coalition-building, and governance. While sharing the argument of the essay concerned, in this commentary, we argue that these analytical concepts can be used to explicate a concept that has implicitly been used in global health governance scholarship for quite a few years. While already prominent in the discussion of climate change governance, for instance, global health governance scholarship could make progress by looking at global health governance as being polycentric...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323988/the-role-of-the-health-service-safety-investigations-body
#4
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, discusses the draft Health Service Safety Investigations Bill, which will create a new body with far-reaching legal powers.
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319573/identifying-sources-of-funding-that-contribute-to-scholastic-productivity-in-academic-plastic-surgeons
#5
Qing Zhao Ruan, Justin B Cohen, Yoonji Baek, Austin D Chen, Andres F Doval, Dhruv Singhal, Eugene Y Fukudome, Samuel J Lin, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Scholastic productivity has previously been shown to be positively associated with National Institute of Health (NIH) grants and industry funding. This study examines whether society, industry, or federal funding contributes toward academic productivity as measured by scholastic output of academic plastic surgeons. METHODS: Institution Web sites were used to acquire academic attributes of full-time academic plastic surgeons. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payment database, NIH reporter, the Plastic Surgery Foundation (PSF), and American Association of Plastic Surgeons (AAPS) Web sites were accessed for funding and endowment details...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319476/canmeds-scholars-a-national-survey-on-urology-residents-attitudes-towards-research-during-training
#6
Ogi Solaja, Thomas A A Skinner, Thomas B Mcgregor, D Robert Siemens
INTRODUCTION: Participation in scholarly activity is an important tenet of residency training and is firmly entrenched in Canada since the introduction of CANMEDS roles by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. As Canadian residency programs transition to competency-based training, it will remain important to understand how to best implement and encourage scholarly pursuits among resident trainees. The objective of this study was to understand the experiences, attitudes, and barriers that surgical residents face when pursuing research during their training...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315707/community-psychology-and-community-mental-health-a-call-for-reengagement
#7
Greg Townley, Molly Brown, John Sylvestre
Community psychology is rooted in community mental health research and practice and has made important contributions to this field. Yet, in the decades since its inception, community psychology has reduced its focus on promoting mental health, well-being, and liberation of individuals with serious mental illnesses. This special issue endeavors to highlight current efforts in community mental health from our field and related disciplines and point to future directions for reengagement in this area. The issue includes 12 articles authored by diverse stakeholder groups...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312778/visiting-scholarships-in-cardio-thoracic-surgery-a-valuable-experience-for-fostering-collaboration
#8
Monisha Sudarshan, Stephen D Cassivi
Visiting scholarships to other institutions have a rich history in medicine and are an exciting opportunity to exchange ideas, learn new clinical techniques and form collaborative relationships for research advancements. Such experiences are also important in fostering a well-rounded surgical education. In this article we reflect on the valuable nature of international collaboration and provide a few guidelines to optimize the experience.
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308433/document-co-citation-analysis-to-enhance-transdisciplinary-research
#9
Caleb M Trujillo, Tammy M Long
Specialized and emerging fields of research infrequently cross disciplinary boundaries and would benefit from frameworks, methods, and materials informed by other fields. Document co-citation analysis, a method developed by bibliometric research, is demonstrated as a way to help identify key literature for cross-disciplinary ideas. To illustrate the method in a useful context, we mapped peer-recognized scholarship related to systems thinking. In addition, three procedures for validation of co-citation networks are proposed and implemented...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307385/associations-between-fast-food-and-physical-activity-environments-and-adiposity-in-mid-life-cross-sectional-observational-evidence-from-uk-biobank
#10
Kate E Mason, Neil Pearce, Steven Cummins
BACKGROUND: The built environment might be associated with development of obesity and related disorders. We examined whether neighbourhood exposure to fast-food outlets and physical activity facilities were associated with adiposity in UK adults. METHODS: We used cross-sectional observational data from UK Biobank. Participants were aged 40-70 years and attended 21 assessment centres between 2006 and 2010. Using linked data on environments around each participant's residential address, we examined whether density of physical activity facilities and proximity to fast-food outlets were associated with waist circumference, body-mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage...
January 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305389/before-narrative-episodic-reading-and-representations-of-chronic-pain
#11
Sara Wasson
This article suggests that some illness experience may require a reading practice less concerned with narrative coherence or self-authorship, and more interested in the value of textual fragments, episodes and moments considered outside a narrative framework. Chronic pain can pose multiple challenges to the narrative orientations celebrated in both 'survivorship' discourse and classic medical humanities scholarship. In its recalcitrance to cure, its often mysterious aetiology and its complex blend of somatic, interpersonal and affective elements, representations of chronic pain can require a richer vocabulary of temporality...
January 5, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302091/engaging-pharmacy-students-in-research-through-near-peer-training
#12
Benjamin J Lee, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Marc H Scheetz, Milena M McLaughlin
Objective. To describe the implementation of a near-peer training model within a student research program. Methods. A near-peer training model was implemented in a pharmacy student research program to promote development of effective teaching skills and research competencies. Under the supervision of a research mentor, senior learners precepted junior learners in various aspects of translational research. A three-step teaching process was employed throughout the experience in which junior learners performed an assigned task, senior learners provided guidance and mentorship, and research mentors provided feedback for improvement...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301638/rethinking-the-health-consequences-of-social-class-and-social-mobility
#13
Dragos Simandan
The task of studying the impact of social class on physical and mental health involves, among other things, the use of a conceptual toolbox that defines what social class is, establishes how to measure it, and sets criteria that help distinguish it from closely related concepts. One field that has recently witnessed a wealth of theoretical and conceptual research on social class is psychology, but geographers' and sociologists' attitude of diffidence toward this "positivistic" discipline has prevented them from taking advantage of this body of scholarship...
December 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298182/the-advocacy-portfolio-a-standardized-tool-for-documenting-physician-advocacy
#14
Abby L Nerlinger, Anita N Shah, Andrew F Beck, Lee S Beers, Shale L Wong, Lisa J Chamberlain, David Keller
Recent changes in health care delivery systems and in medical training have primed academia for a paradigm shift, with strengthened support for an expanded definition of scholarship. Physicians who consider advocacy to be relevant to their scholarly endeavors need a standardized format to display activities and measure the value of health outcomes to which their work can be attributed. Similar to the Educator Portfolio, the authors here propose the Advocacy Portfolio (AP) to document a scholarly approach to advocacy...
January 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297405/research-capacity-building-integrated-into-phit-projects-leveraging-research-and-research-funding-to-build-national-capacity
#15
Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Roma Chilengi, Elizabeth Jackson, Cathy Michel, Manuel Napua, Jackline Odhiambo, Ayaga Bawah
BACKGROUND: Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB...
December 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294922/violence-and-disability-experiences-and-perceptions-of-victimization-among-deaf-people
#16
Amanda Admire, Blanca Ramirez
Research on the unique experiences of deaf people is rare, and limited information exists regarding the nature and extent of violence against this population. Existing scholarship highlights the increased vulnerabilities of deaf individuals; however, there remains a paucity of research that examines how deaf and hard of hearing individuals perceive their own victimization. Also lacking is research on the experiences of deaf individuals outside of the United States, where cultural norms and the status of the deaf may be quite different...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294758/-every-time-i-try-to-get-out-i-get-pushed-back-1-the-role-of-violent-victimization-in-women-s-experience-of-multiple-episodes-of-homelessness
#17
Ryan Broll, Laura Huey
Research shows that, for most people, homelessness is not a chronic state that one enters and never leaves. Instead, homelessness tends to be dynamic, with individuals cycling in and out of multiple periods of homelessness throughout their lives. Despite this recognition, and a wealth of research on the causes of homelessness, generally, there is a lack of scholarship on the pathways to multiple episodes of homelessness. In particular, the relationship between violent victimization and women's likelihood of being homeless multiple times is largely unexplored...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294752/the-intergenerational-legacy-of-genocidal-rape-the-realities-and-perspectives-of-children-born-of-the-rwandan-genocide
#18
Myriam Denov, Leah Woolner, Jules Pacifique Bahati, Paulin Nsuki, Obed Shyaka
Brutal acts of sexual violence were documented on a mass scale during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. While existing scholarship on sexual violence has significantly increased our understanding of the challenges confronting survivors, gaps in knowledge remain regarding the lived experiences of children born of genocidal rape. This study sought to explore the realities and perspectives of children born of genocidal rape, and the existing opportunities and challenges they experienced in postgenocide Rwanda. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 60 participants born of genocidal rape in Rwanda...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283661/apa-apags-award-for-distinguished-graduate-student-in-professional-psychology
#19
(no author information available yet)
The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded on an annual basis by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. A qualified candidate must demonstrate exemplary performance in working with an underserved population in an applied setting or have developed an innovative method for delivering health services to an underserved population...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283650/award-for-distinguished-contributions-of-applications-of-psychology-to-education-and-training-james-wilcox-lichtenberg
#20
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Contributions of Applications of Psychology to Education and Training acknowledges psychologists who contribute to new teaching methods or solutions to learning problems through research findings or evidence-based practices. The 2017 recipient is James Wilcox Lichtenberg, whose scholarship has had "important impacts on the definition, training, and evaluation of professional practice." His award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2017: American Psychologist
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