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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938747/prevalence-of-endocrine-and-genetic-abnormalities-in-boys-evaluated-systematically-for-a-disorder-of-sex-development
#1
R Nixon, V Cerqueira, A Kyriakou, A Lucas-Herald, J McNeilly, M McMillan, A I Purvis, E S Tobias, R McGowan, S F Ahmed
STUDY QUESTION: What is the likelihood of identifying genetic or endocrine abnormalities in a group of boys with 46, XY who present to a specialist clinic with a suspected disorder of sex development (DSD)? SUMMARY ANSWER: An endocrine abnormality of the gonadal axis may be present in a quarter of cases and copy number variants (CNVs) or single gene variants may be present in about half of the cases. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Evaluation of 46, XY DSD requires a combination of endocrine and genetic tests but the prevalence of these abnormalities in a sufficiently large group of boys presenting to one specialist multidisciplinary service is unclear...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938738/resolution-of-infertility-and-number-of-children-1386-couples-followed-for-a-median-of-13-years
#2
A A Righarts, A Gray, N P Dickson, L Parkin, W R Gillett
STUDY QUESTION: How common were children among infertile couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: A total of 61.7% of infertile couples presenting for care subsequently had live born children 13.1 years after first being clinically assessed, with a mean of 1.7 children among those who had at least one. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: While the prognoses for infertile couples undertaking specific treatments have been well described, less is known about those not undergoing these treatments or the total number of children...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930897/orthopaedic-nurse-certification-board-scholarships
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927348/creating-a-medical-education-enterprise-leveling-the-playing-fields-of-medical-education-vs-medical-science-research-within-core-missions
#4
Satid Thammasitboon, B Lee Ligon, Geeta Singhal, Gordon E Schutze, Teri L Turner
BACKGROUND: Unlike publications of medical science research that are more readily rewarded, clinician-educators' scholarly achievements are more nebulous and under-recognized. OBJECTIVE: Create an education enterprise that empowers clinician-educators to engage in a broad range of scholarly activities and produce educational scholarship using strategic approaches to level the playing fields within an organization. DESIGN: The authors analyzed the advantages and disadvantages experienced by medical science researchers vs...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921187/moderation-of-genetic-influences-on-alcohol-involvement-by-rural-residency-among-adolescents-results-from-the-1962-national-merit-twin-study
#5
Christal N Davis, Shanaliz S Natta, Wendy S Slutske
Adolescents in rural and urban areas may experience different levels of environmental restrictions on alcohol use, with those in rural areas experiencing greater monitoring and less access to alcohol. Such restrictions may limit expression of genetic vulnerability for alcohol use, resulting in a gene-environment interaction (G × E). This phenomenon has previously been reported in Finnish and Minnesota adolescents. The current study used data from 839 same-sex twin pairs from the 1962 National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test to determine whether the G × E interaction would be evident in this earlier time period...
September 18, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918957/introduction-to-the-2017-founders-lecture-of-the-association-for-academic-surgery
#6
Francis Charles Brunicardi, Mitra Jamshidian
This year's Founders' Lecture will focus on the founding and history of the Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), as presented by five past presidents. The lecture will give the readers a unique and condensed perspective on the remarkable history of the AAS. The AAS was founded in 1967 by Dr George Zuidema with the mission to offer young academic surgeons an inclusive forum for discussion about surgical research and the opportunity for professional growth.1 Since its establishment in 1966, with a membership of only 33 people,1the organization has grown into a diverse international organization with over 2800 members...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913771/criminal-prohibition-of-wrongful-re%C3%A2-identification-legal-solution-or-minefield-for-big-data
#7
Mark Phillips, Edward S Dove, Bartha M Knoppers
The collapse of confidence in anonymization (sometimes also known as de-identification) as a robust approach for preserving the privacy of personal data has incited an outpouring of new approaches that aim to fill the resulting trifecta of technical, organizational, and regulatory privacy gaps left in its wake. In the latter category, and in large part due to the growth of Big Data-driven biomedical research, falls a growing chorus of calls for criminal and penal offences to sanction wrongful re-identification of "anonymized" data...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913416/using-focused-laboratory-management-and-quality-improvement-projects-to-enhance-resident-training-and-foster-scholarship
#8
Matthew D Krasowski, Bradley A Ford, J Stacey Klutts, Chris S Jensen, Angela S Briggs, Robert A Robinson, Leslie A Bruch, Nitin J Karandikar
Training in patient safety, quality, and management is widely recognized as an important element of graduate medical education. These concepts have been intertwined in pathology graduate medical education for many years, although training programs face challenges in creating explicit learning opportunities in these fields. Tangibly involving pathology residents in management and quality improvement projects has the potential to teach and reinforce key concepts and further fulfill Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education goals for pursuing projects related to patient safety and quality improvement...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911211/are-there-intracellular-ca2-oscillations-correlated-with-flagellar-beating-in-human-sperm-a-three-vs-two-dimensional-analysis
#9
G Corkidi, F Montoya, P Hernández-Herrera, W A Ríos-Herrera, M F Müller, C L Treviño, A Darszon
STUDY QUESTION: Are there intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) oscillations correlated with flagellar beating in human sperm? SUMMARY ANSWER: The results reveal statistically significant [Ca2+]i oscillations that are correlated with the human sperm flagellar beating frequency, when measured in three-dimensions (3D). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fast [Ca2+]i oscillations that are correlated to the beating flagellar frequency of cells swimming in a restricted volume have been detected in hamster sperm...
September 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895078/the-growth-scope-and-spatial-distribution-of-people-with-felony-records-in-the-united-states-1948-2010
#10
Sarah K S Shannon, Christopher Uggen, Jason Schnittker, Melissa Thompson, Sara Wakefield, Michael Massoglia
The steep rise in U.S. criminal punishment in recent decades has spurred scholarship on the collateral consequences of imprisonment for individuals, families, and communities. Several excellent studies have estimated the number of people who have been incarcerated and the collateral consequences they face, but far less is known about the size and scope of the total U.S. population with felony convictions beyond prison walls, including those who serve their sentences on probation or in jail. This article develops state-level estimates based on demographic life tables and extends previous national estimates of the number of people with felony convictions to 2010...
September 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893158/academic-ethical-awareness-among-undergraduate-nursing-students
#11
Ok-Hee Cho, Kyung-Hye Hwang
BACKGROUND: Academic ethical awareness is an important aspect especially for nursing students who will provide ethical nursing care to patients in future or try to tread the path of learning toward professional acknowledgement in nursing scholarship. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore academic ethical awareness and its related characteristics among undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: This study commenced the survey with cross-sectional, descriptive questions and enrolled convenient samples of 581 undergraduate nursing students from three universities in South Korea...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892728/-pre-run-re-run-an-innovative-research-capacity-building-exercise
#12
Margaret McAllister, Donna Lee Brien
Within higher education it is ironic that experienced and novice researchers rarely take the opportunity to come together to share their research - whether these be to discuss findings, puzzles or developing projects. Within this paper, an innovative strategy building on these assumptions is described. It is entitled: 'Pre-run, Re-run' and is a learning community where specific processes are modelled by all to help build professional communication, collegial respect, and scholarship. Our evaluation showed that there is value in bringing together researchers especially when they have diverse profiles...
September 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890446/my-time-in-medicine
#13
Joseph J Fins
Through this autobiographical reflection on a life in medicine and bioethics, the author discovers that time is a unifying theme in his work. From his early writing on the regulation of house staff work hours and his abandonment of essentialism and the development of clinical pragmatism as a method of moral problem-solving to his scholarship on end-of-life care and disorders of consciousness, time has been a central heuristic in an effort to bridge ethical theory and clinical practice.
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887819/climate-change-global-health-and-nursing-scholarship
#14
EDITORIAL
Eileen Sullivan-Marx, Linda McCauley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885409/a-plea-for-mersqi-the-medical-education-research-study-quality-instrument
#15
Roger P Smith, Lee A Learman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the quality of educational scholarship presented at a large national conference of obstetrics and gynecology educators. METHODS: We reviewed Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology-Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics annual meeting abstracts from 2015 and 2016, published as supplements to Obstetrics & Gynecology. For this uncontrolled observational study, abstracts were reviewed and scored using the Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI)...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881941/awards-scholarships-and-grants-awarded-at-the-sicb-meeting-in-january-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878713/human-animal-interaction-and-older-adults-an-overview
#17
REVIEW
Nancy R Gee, Megan K Mueller, Angela L Curl
Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human-animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is the role of HAI in healthy aging, given the potential for HAI as an important feature of health and well-being in older adults. The purpose of this review is to summarize and evaluate existing research in this innovative area of scholarship, identifying the potential benefits and risks of both pet ownership and animals in therapeutic settings for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877035/academic-medicine-and-medical-professionalism-a-legacy-and-a-portal-into-an-evolving-field-of-educational-scholarship
#18
Frederic W Hafferty
In this Invited Commentary, the author examines two curated Academic Medicine volumes showcasing foundational research and key writings on professionalism in medicine and medical education, collectively spanning from 1994 to 2016. The author reviews the beginnings of the medical professionalism movement and examines how the trends and themes reflected in the first volume-specifically the work to define, assess, and institutionalize professionalism-capture key elements in this movement. He then examines how the trends and themes in the second volume align with and build on those from the first, noting two themes that extend across a number of second volume articles: a unit-of-analysis issue and the challenge of context...
September 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874176/evaluative-reports-on-medical-malpractice-policies-in-obstetrics-a-rapid-scoping-review
#19
Roberta Cardoso, Wasifa Zarin, Vera Nincic, Sarah Louise Barber, Ahmet Metin Gulmezoglu, Charlotte Wilson, Katherine Wilson, Heather McDonald, Meghan Kenny, Rachel Warren, Sharon E Straus, Andrea C Tricco
BACKGROUND: The clinical specialty of obstetrics is under particular scrutiny with increasing litigation costs and unnecessary tests and procedures done in attempts to prevent litigation. We aimed to identify reports evaluating or comparing the effectiveness of medical liability reforms and quality improvement strategies in improving litigation-related outcomes in obstetrics. METHODS: We conducted a rapid scoping review with a 6-week timeline. MEDLINE, EMBASE, LexisNexis Academic, the Legal Scholarship Network, Justis, LegalTrac, QuickLaw, and HeinOnline were searched for publications in English from 2004 until June 2015...
September 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870187/participation-in-a-scientific-pre-university-program-and-medical-students-interest-in-an-academic-career
#20
Wendy E de Leng, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Marise Ph Born, Maarten A Frens, Axel P N Themmen
BACKGROUND: The proportion of medical doctors involved in research activities is declining. Undergraduate medical research programs are positively associated with medical students' research interest. Scientific pre-university programs (SPUPs) outside the medical domain are also positively associated with research interest, but have not been related to the shortage of clinician-scientists. This study examined the effect of an SPUP on medical students' research interest. METHODS: This study was conducted at a Dutch medical school...
September 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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