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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#1
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135674/the-pursuit-of-scholarship-why-we-should-care-about-resident-research
#2
Joan E Bechtold, Benjamin R Williams, Stuart L Weinstein, David W Polly, Andrew J Pugely, Joseph A Buckwalter, Stephen A Albanese, Kevin J Bozic, Brian D Snyder
Research is a foundational component of an orthopaedic residency. It fosters intellectual curiosity and pursuit of excellence, while teaching discipline and the scientific method. These are the key principles for careers in both community-based practice and academia. Currently, no consensus exists on how to best engage residents and support their research endeavors. In 2014, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Specialty Societies Research and Quality Committee convened a Clinician-Scientist Collaboration Workgroup...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132284/love-matters-exploring-conceptions-of-love-in-rwanda-and-swaziland-and-relationship-to-hiv-and-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Allison Ruark, Erin Stern, Thandeka Dlamini-Simelane, Marie Fidele Kakuze
Health risks such as intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV infection often occur within intimate sexual relationships, yet the study of love and intimacy is largely absent from health research on African populations. This study explores how women and men in Rwanda and Swaziland understand and represent love in their intimate sexual partnerships. In Rwanda, 58 in-depth interviews with 15 couples, 12 interviews with activists, and 24 focus group discussions were carried out during formative and evaluative research of the Indashyikirwa programme, which aims to reduce IPV and support healthy couple relationships...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127463/correction-to-international-scholarship-programs-of-the-american-college-of-surgeons-expansion-of-the-global-surgical-network
#4
Giuseppe Nigri, Kate Early, George Tsoulfas, Alberto Ferreres, Cristina R Ferrone, Richard Schulick, Waddah B Al-Refaie, Patricia L Turner, George Velmahos
In the original article, the top of Fig. 1 was inadvertently cut off. The original article has been corrected. The publisher regrets the error.
November 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126140/zona-pellucida-binding-protein-2-zpbp2-and-several-proteins-containing-bx7b-motifs-in-human-sperm-may-have-hyaluronic-acid-binding-or-recognition-properties
#5
F Torabi, O A Bogle, J M Estanyol, R Oliva, D Miller
STUDY QUESTION: Are there novel hyaladherins in human sperm? SUMMARY ANSWER: Zona pellucida-binding protein 2 (ZPBP2), containing a Link-like hyaluronic acid (HA)-binding domain, and several other proteins containing BX7B motifs, such as ADAM32 and Midkine, may be novel hyaladherins with HA-binding properties. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: HA-binding proteins (hyaladherins), which can bind HA surrounding the cumulus-oophorus complex, are distinct from hyases such as PH 20 (SPAM1) and are expressed by mature spermatozoa...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125914/putting-culture-in-the-middle-in-judging-scholarly-merit
#6
Qi Wang
I discuss the critical importance of putting culture in the middle in judging scholarly merit in psychological science. I describe the challenges in evaluating cultural research, pointing out the various ways that ethnocentric judgments undermine the scientific merit of cultural research and the consequences of the marginalization of culture in psychological science and practice. In spite of the obstacles, cultural psychologists have made major scientific contributions and achieved scientific eminence. I further suggest that we raise the bar by including a broad, cultural approach to research as one basis for judging scientific contributions...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125339/patient-safety-at-the-crossroads
#7
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, discusses some important clinical negligence and patient safety themes arising from a number of recent reports.
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122503/social-media-scholarship-and-alternative-metrics-for-academic-promotion-and%C3%A2-tenure
#8
Daniel Cabrera, Durga Roy, Margaret S Chisolm
Traditionally, scholars focused their efforts in the domains of clinical care, research, and education; however, the last decade has witnessed the rise of novel areas of development such as innovation, quality improvement, informatics, and recently, digital scholarship. Academic institutions adapted and began considering these fields for academic promotion and tenure. Social media has become a critical space for the dissemination of knowledge and outreach to community and policy makers and also for the creation of communities of practice...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119422/supported-decision-making-implications-from-positive-psychology-for-assessment-and-intervention-in-rehabilitation-and-employment
#9
Hatice Uyanik, Karrie A Shogren, Peter Blanck
Purpose This article reviews existing literature on positive psychology, supported decision-making (SDM), employment, and disability. It examines interventions and assessments that have been empirically evaluated for the enhancement of decision-making and overall well-being of people with disabilities. Additionally, conceptual themes present in the literature were explored. Methods A systematic review was conducted across two databases (ERIC and PsychINFO) using various combination of keywords of 'disabilit*', work rehabilitation and employment terms, positive psychology terms, and SDM components...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117734/risk-factors-for-a-delay-in-medical-education-results-of-an-online-survey-among-four-german-medical-schools
#10
Jens Walldorf, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Delayed study progress in medical school is a challenging issue for the tax paying community, the faculty and the medical students themselves. Reasons for a delay might be different from known risk factors for academic difficulties. METHODS: An online survey regarding delays in the study progress and including a personality test (BFI-10) was presented to medical students from four German medical schools after completion of their 3rd year of study. RESULTS: Of 617 students, 51...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117573/from-design-to-dissemination-conducting-quantitative-medical-education-research
#11
REVIEW
Erika L Abramson, Caroline R Paul, Jean Petershack, Janet Serwint, Janet E Fischel, Mary Rocha, Meghan Treitz, Heather McPhillips, Tai Lockspeiser, Patricia Hicks, Linda Tewksbury, Margarita Vasquez, Daniel J Tancredi, Su-Ting T Li
Rigorous medical education research is critical to effectively develop and evaluate the training we provide our learners. Yet, many clinical medical educators lack the training and skills needed to conduct high quality medical education research. This paper offers guidance on conducting sound quantitative medical education research. Our aim is to equip readers with the key skills and strategies necessary to conduct successful research projects, highlighting new concepts and controversies in the field. We utilize Glassick's criteria for scholarship as a framework to discuss strategies to ensure that the research question of interest is worthy of further study and how to use existing literature and conceptual frameworks to strengthen a research study...
November 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116982/a-rose-by-other-names-some-general-musings-on-lawrence-and-colleagues-hidden-curriculum-scoping-review
#12
Frederic W Hafferty, Maria Athina Martimianakis
In this Commentary, the authors explore the scoping review by Lawrence and colleagues by challenging their conclusion that with over 25 years' worth of "ambiguous and seemingly ubiquitous use" of the hidden curriculum construct in health professions education scholarship, it is time to either move to a more uniform definitional foundation or abandon the term altogether. The commentary authors counter these remedial propositions by foregrounding the importance of theoretical diversity and the conceptual richness afforded when the hidden curriculum construct is used as an entry point for studying the interstitial space between the formal and a range of other-than-formal domains of learning...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116980/rethinking-the-educator-portfolio-an-innovative-criteria-based-model
#13
Kanade Shinkai, Chen Amy Chen, Brian S Schwartz, Helen Loeser, Cynthia Ashe, David M Irby
PROBLEM: Academic medical centers struggle to achieve parity in advancement and promotions between educators and discovery-oriented researchers in part because of narrow definitions of scholarship, lack of clear criteria for measuring excellence, and barriers to making educational contributions available for peer review. Despite recent progress in expanding scholarship definitions and identifying excellence criteria, these advances are not integrated into educator portfolio (EP) templates or curriculum vitae platforms...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109593/legality-racialization-and-immigrants-experience-of-ethnoracial-harassment-in-russia
#14
Victor Agadjanian, Cecilia Menjívar, Natalya Zotova
Using data from a structured survey and in-depth interviews in three Russian cities, our study engages the scholarship on immigration legal regimes and racialization practices to examine the experiences of ethnoracially motivated harassment among working migrant women from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Russia. The results of statistical analyses show that regularized legal status is associated with a significantly lower likelihood of experiencing harassment at the hands of law enforcement agents and other actors alike...
November 1, 2017: Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104703/the-case-of-the-suzhou-hospital-of-national-medicine-1939-41-war-medicine-and-eastern-civilization
#15
Keiko Daidoji, Eric I Karchmer
This article explores the founding of the Suzhou Hospital of National Medicine in 1939 during the Japanese occupation of Suzhou. We argue that the hospital was the culmination of a period of rich intellectual exchange between traditional Chinese and Japanese physicians in the early twentieth century and provides important insights into the modern development of medicine in both countries. The founding of this hospital was followed closely by leading Japanese Kampo physicians. As the Japanese empire expanded into East Asia, they hoped that they could revitalize their profession at home by disseminating their unique interpretations of the famous Treatise on Cold Damage abroad...
June 2017: East Asian Science, Technology and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104322/incarceration-and-relative-poverty-in-cross-national-perspective-the-moderating-roles-of-female-employment-and-the-welfare-state
#16
Aaron Gottlieb
A growing body of scholarship explores how incarceration contributes to inequality. The majority of this scholarship focuses on individual-level outcomes or aggregate outcomes within the United States. Despite substantial cross-national variation in incarceration rates, we know little about whether these differences contribute to cross-national variation in inequality outcomes. Using data from the period 1971-2010 from 15 advanced democracies, this study begins to fill this gap by exploring whether cross-national differences in incarceration rates help to explain cross-national differences in relative poverty rates...
June 2017: Social Service Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101978/scholarship-in-the-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-process-and-updates-on-gaps-and-harmonization
#17
Frank J Rybicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098637/standardized-residency-training-in-china-the-new-internal-medicine-curriculum
#18
Jonathan Lio, Yanqing Ye, Hongmei Dong, Shalini Reddy, John McConville, Renslow Sherer
China formally established a system of national standardized medical residency training in 2014, which affects the health of its 1.4 billion people. Accompanying this system were new guidelines and standards for internal medicine residency training. However, the majority of the standards focused on process measurements, such as minimum case requirements of diseases and procedural skills, rather than describing broader physician competencies in the domains of professionalism, patient care, communication, teamwork, quality improvement, and scholarship...
November 2, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093045/children-s-privacy-in-the-big-data-era-research-opportunities
#19
REVIEW
Kathryn C Montgomery, Jeff Chester, Tijana Milosevic
This article focuses on the privacy implications of advertising on social media, mobile apps, and games directed at children. Academic research on children's privacy has primarily focused on the safety risks involved in sharing personal information on the Internet, leaving market forces (such as commercial data collection) as a less discussed aspect of children's privacy. Yet, children's privacy in the digital era cannot be fully understood without examining marketing practices, especially in the context of "big data...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083982/stop-the-spam-conference-ethics-and-decoding-the-subtext-in-post-truth-science-what-would-denis-diderot-say
#20
Vural Özdemir, Collet Dandara, Nezih Hekim, Kean Birch, Simon Springer, Tanja Kunej, Laszlo Endrenyi
Science and its practice always had a subtext, subject to influence by scientists', funders', and other innovation actors' values and assumptions. The recent emergence of post-truth, authoritarian and populist penchants, in both developed and developing countries, has further blurred the already fluid boundaries between material scientific facts and their social construction/shaping by scientific subtext, human values, powers, and hegemony. While there are certain checks, balances, and oversight mechanisms for publication ethics, other pillars of science communication, most notably, scientific conferences and their governance, are ill prepared for post-truth science...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
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