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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913029/pharmacovigilance-and-biomedical-informatics-a-model-for-future-development
#1
Paul Beninger, Michael A Ibara
PURPOSE: The discipline of pharmacovigilance is rooted in the aftermath of the thalidomide tragedy of 1961. It has evolved as a result of collaborative efforts by many individuals and organizations, including physicians, patients, Health Authorities, universities, industry, the World Health Organization, the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences, and the International Conference on Harmonisation. Biomedical informatics is rooted in technologically based methodologies and has evolved at the speed of computer technology...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899735/improving-departments-of-psychology
#2
Ed Diener
Our procedures for creating excellent departments of psychology are based largely on selection-hiring and promoting the best people. I argue that these procedures have been successful, but I suggest the implementation of policies that I believe will further improve departments in the behavioral and brain sciences. I recommend that we institute more faculty development programs attached to incentives to guarantee continuing education and scholarly activities after the Ph.D. degree. I also argue that we would do a much better job if we more strongly stream our faculty into research, education, or service and not expect all faculty members to carry equal responsibility for each of these...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892230/clinical-academic-careers-embracing-the-art-and-science-of-nursing
#3
Abigail Masterson, Liz Robb
Clinical academics make a unique contribution to health research and scholarship by undertaking practice-focused research that offers direct benefits to patient care. The Florence Nightingale Foundation supports the development of research skills in nursing and midwifery through its scholarships and by establishing a network of chairs in clinical nursing practice research. The Florence Nightingale Foundation also provides leadership scholarships to deans and aspiring deans of university faculties of health...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890742/serum-uric-acid-and-impaired-cognitive-function-in-community-dwelling-elderly-in-beijing
#4
Shuangling Xiu, Zheng Zheng, Shaochen Guan, Jin Zhang, Jinghong Ma, Piu Chan
The relationship between serum uric acid (sUA) and cognitive function is contradictory. This study assessed the association between sUA and cognitive impairment in 10,039 community-dwelling subjects aged ≥55years living in Beijing, China. Participants underwent determination of sUA and an evaluation of cognitive function using the scholarship-adjusted Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE): MMSE ≤17 for illiterates; MMSE≤20 for primary school graduates (≥6years of education); and MMSE≤24 for junior school graduates or above (≥9years of education)...
November 24, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884485/the-anthropocene-biosphere-supporting-open-interdisciplinarity-through-blogging
#5
Zev M Trachtenberg, Thomas J Burns, Kirsten de Beurs, Stephen E Ellis, Kiza K Gates, Bruce W Hoagland, Jeffrey F Kelly, Thomas M Neeson, Asa R Randall, Ingo Schlupp, Peter S Soppelsa, Gerilyn S Soreghan, James J Zeigler
This paper describes a process of 'open' interdisciplinary scholarship. Researchers from across the University of Oklahoma blogged about a recent paper by ecologist Erle Ellis, and met in person to discuss posts. They then hosted Ellis for a seminar on questions that emerged, and for a public panel discussion.
November 21, 2016: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882655/situated-technology-in-reproductive-health-care-do-we-need-a-new-theory-of-the-subject-to-promote-person-centred-care
#6
Biljana Stankovic
Going through reproductive experiences (especially pregnancy and childbirth) in contemporary Western societies almost inevitably involves interaction with medical practitioners and various medical technologies in institutional context. This has important consequences for women as embodied subjects. A critical appraisal of these consequences-coming dominantly from feminist scholarship-relied on a problematic theory of both technology and the subject, which are in contemporary approaches no longer considered as given, coherent and well individualized wholes, but as complex constellations that are locally situated and that can only be described empirically...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873410/where-do-physicians-start-and-end
#7
Rachel H Ellaway, David Topps, Maureen Topps
Medical education is primarily about training physicians and maintaining their capabilities over time. Given that physicians are the primary focus of the field, there is a need for a clear idea of what physicians are or could be. This paper seeks to explore this issue by posing the simple question: ?Where do physicians start and end?' In doing so, the authors explore a series of different conceptual frames, including those of a physician's physical dimensions, their cellular boundaries, personal intentions and beliefs, professional identity, regulation, entrustability, professional performance, extended cognition, and disability...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873401/simplifying-education-scholarship-new-format-requirements-for-publication-success
#8
EDITORIAL
Kevin W Eva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872267/endophenotypes-epigenetics-polygenicity-and-more-irv-gottesman-s-dynamic-legacy
#9
David L Braff, Carol A Tamminga
First, we describe the hallmark contributions of Irv Gottesman's pioneering scholarship for schizophrenia research including concepts of polygenicity, gene × environment interactions, epigenetics and the endophenotype concept. Gottesman and colleagues' twin studies showed that genes, not social factors, mediate schizophrenia risk. He then showed that schizophrenia is highly polygenic. Next, he introduced the concept of epigenetics into schizophrenia research. Gottesman then introduced the quantitative endophenotype concept...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872165/change-and-positive-organizational-scholarship
#10
EDITORIAL
Judith Aponte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870517/culturally-responsive-integrative-learning-environments-a-critical-displacement-approach
#11
Antron D Mahoney
This chapter outlines a critical framework for developing culturally responsive integrative learning environments in leadership education. The framework is grounded in the scholarship of women of color feminism and offers implications for transforming curricular and cocurricular leadership programs.
December 2016: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862543/interest-in-rural-clinical-school-is-not-enough-participation-is-necessary-to-predict-an-ultimate-rural-practice-location
#12
Denese Playford, Ian B Puddey
OBJECTIVE: Rural exposure during medical school is associated with increased rural work after graduation. How much of the increase in rural workforce by these graduates is due to pre-existing interest and plans to work rurally and how much is related to the extended clinical placement is not known. DESIGN: This cohort study compared the employment location of medical graduates who professed no rural interest as undergraduates (negative control), with those who applied but did not participate in Rural Clinical School of Western Australia (RCSWA) (positive control), and those who applied and participated in RCSWA (participants)...
November 16, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860219/a-case-report-curriculum-to-promote-scholarship
#13
Behdad Besharatian, Jorge Velez, Michael Rosenblum, Mihaela Stefan, Gina Luciano
BACKGROUND: Engaging in scholarly activity during residency can facilitate the acquisition of important skills; however, residents may encounter barriers such as unclear expectations as to what constitutes scholarship, a paucity of dedicated time and a lack of mentorship. OBJECTIVE: In July 2013, we developed a Case Report Curriculum (CRC) for first-year residents to guide them towards creating a high-quality case report and helping them to achieve the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education scholarly activity requirement...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855044/-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-the-pregnant-adolescent-in-a-high-specialty-hospital
#14
Jaime Blanquet-García, Aminta Montoya-Cázarez, Sebastián Carranza-Lira
BACKGROUND: The adolescents' pregnancy is a public health problem related to sociocultural and economic factors which compromise the mother-son binomial. The aim of this paper is to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant adolescents from the hospital. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive and observational study, in which all pregnant patients between 10 and 19 years from the Hospital, during June 2012 and January 2014, were studied. The following data were collected: age, scholarship, occupation, marital status, age at beginning of sexual relations, number of sexual partners, contraceptive use and type of contraceptive method, pregnancies, parturition, cesarean section and abortions...
2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849475/military-medicine-interest-groups-in-u-s-medical-schools
#15
Timothy M Guenther, Timothy J Coker, Steve I Chen, Mark A Carlson
Medical student interest groups are organizations that help expose students to different medical specialties and fields of medicine while in medical school. Military medicine interest groups (MMIGs) are a particular type of interest group that spreads information about military medicine, fosters mentorship, and camaraderie between students and military faculty, and increases the opportunities for leadership while in medical school. Surveys were sent to all U.S. medical schools to determine how many schools had an MMIG...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845620/gerontological-social-work-student-delivered-respite-a-community-university-partnership-pilot-program
#16
Tiffany R Washington, Jacqueline A Tachman
The current study describes a community-university partnership to support a gerontological social work student-delivered respite program, the Houseguest Program (Houseguest). Houseguest was designed using a community-engaged scholarship model of integrating research, teaching, and service. Houseguest was piloted with a small group of community-dwelling, co-residing dementia caregivers and care recipients. We examined caregivers' experiences with student-delivered respite using qualitative data analysis. Thematic analysis produced eight themes: 1) respite from full time caregiving role; 2) information on caregiving strategies; 3) no-cost supportive services; 4) opportunity for care recipients to socialize; 5) tailored activities for care recipients; 6) rapport-building between students and family dyad; 7) reciprocity between students and family dyad; and 8) program continuation...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836979/a-mild-ovarian-stimulation-strategy-in-women-with-poor-ovarian-reserve-undergoing-ivf-a-multicenter-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#17
M A Youssef, M van Wely, H Al-Inany, T Madani, N Jahangiri, S Khodabakhshi, M Alhalabi, M Akhondi, S Ansaripour, R Tokhmechy, L Zarandi, A Rizk, M El-Mohamedy, E Shaeer, M Khattab, M H Mochtar, F van der Veen
STUDY QUESTION: In subfertile women with poor ovarian reserve undergoing IVF does a mild ovarian stimulation strategy lead to comparable ongoing pregnancy rates in comparison to a conventional ovarian stimulation strategy? SUMMARY ANSWER: A mild ovarian stimulation strategy in women with poor ovarian reserve undergoing IVF leads to similar ongoing pregnancy rates as a conventional ovarian stimulation strategy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Women diagnosed with poor ovarian reserve are treated with a conventional ovarian stimulation strategy consisting of high-dose gonadotropins and pituitary downregulation with a long mid-luteal start GnRH-agonist protocol...
November 11, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833216/number-of-siblings-during-childhood-and-the-likelihood-of-divorce-in-adulthood
#18
Donna Bobbitt-Zeher, Douglas B Downey, Joseph Merry
Despite fertility decline across economically developed countries, relatively little is known about the social consequences of children being raised with fewer siblings. Much research suggests that growing up with fewer siblings is probably positive, as children tend to do better in school when sibship size is small. Less scholarship, however, has explored how growing up with few siblings influences children's ability to get along with peers and develop long-term meaningful relationships. If siblings serve as important social practice partners during childhood, individuals with few or no siblings may struggle to develop successful social lives later in adulthood...
November 2016: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830235/unintended-consequences-new-problems-new-solutions-contributions-from-2015
#19
R Koppel, Y Chen
OBJECTIVE: To select the best of the 2015 published papers on unintended consequences of healthcare information technology (HIT). METHOD: Literature searches in several areas of scholarship, including IT, human factors, evaluation studies, medical errors, medical informatics, and implementation science. Also, because the specific terms "unintended consequences" were not often included in abstracts and titles, a more nuanced search algorithm was developed. RESULTS: We identified 754 papers that had some empirical research on unintended consequences of HIT...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829987/passive-silent-and-revolutionary-the-arab-spring-revisited
#20
Billie Jeanne Brownlee, Maziyar Ghiabi
To counter the trend toward mechanization of research and aridity of critical analysis, this article makes a case for an interdisciplinary quest. To borrow Felix Guattari and Gilles Deleuze's phrase, we are convinced that 'everything is political, but every politics is simultaneously a macropolitics and a micropolitics.' With an eye to open-ended research questions, this article attempts to build a body of theoretical, political and anthropological considerations, which, it is hoped, could function as a case of enquiry into the mechanics of power, revolt and revolution...
2016: Middle East Crit
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