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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915373/risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-morbidity-in-over-500-colovesical-fistula-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-acs-nsqip-database
#1
H Hande Aydinli, Cigdem Benlice, Gokhan Ozuner, Emre Gorgun, Maher A Abbas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of various factors on 30-day postoperative morbidity in patients who underwent colorectal surgery (CRS) for colovesical fistula (CVF) in the elective and emergency settings. METHODS: Patients who underwent CRS for CVF between 2005 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database by using current procedural terminology codes. Demographics, perioperative, and operative factors were assessed and compared between two groups classified according to the presence or absence of postoperative complications...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914614/outcomes-of-percutaneous-trigger-finger-release%C3%A2-with-concurrent-steroid-injection
#2
Wen-Chih Liu, Chun-Kuan Lu, Yu-Chuan Lin, Peng-Ju Huang, Gau-Tyan Lin, Yin-Chih Fu
Percutaneous release (PR) of the A1 pulley is a quick, safe, and minimally invasive procedure for treating trigger fingers. The purpose of this study is to identify if PR with additional steroid injections can shorten the recovery to reach unlimited range of motion. Between January 2013 and December 2013, we included 432 trigger fingers with actively correctable triggering or severer symptoms without previous surgical release or steroid injections from two hand clinic offices (A and B). The same experienced surgeon performed PR at the office...
December 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914155/-main-causes-of-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-a-three-year-study-in-the-center-of-portugal
#3
Catarina Pestana, Raquel Gomes, Vítor Pinheiro, Miguel Gouveia, Isabel Antunes, Margarida Gonçalo
INTRODUCTION: Allergic contact dermatitis, along with irritant contact dermatitis and immediate contact reactions, contact urticarial, are the most frequent dermatological occupational disease, but seldom reported to the National authorities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a 3-year retrospective study at the allergology section in the Dermatology Clinic of the University Hospital of Coimbra to evaluate the main occupations diagnosed as occupational allergic contact dermatitis, most common allergens and the effect of the modification of the work station in the evolution of the disease...
August 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914099/discrepancies-between-multicriteria-decision-analysis-based-ranking-and-intuitive-ranking-for-pharmaceutical-benefit-risk-profiles-in-a-hypothetical-setting
#4
K Hoshikawa, S Ono
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) has been generally considered a promising decision-making methodology for the assessment of drug benefit-risk profiles. There have been many discussions in both public and private sectors on its feasibility and applicability, but it has not been employed in official decision-makings. For the purpose of examining to what extent MCDA would reflect the first-hand, intuitive preference of evaluators in practical pharmaceutical assessments, we conducted a questionnaire survey involving the participation of employees of pharmaceutical companies...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913269/the-structure-organisation-and-perioperative-management-of-ambulatory-surgery-and-anaesthesia-in-france-methodology-of-the-sfar-opera-study
#5
Pierre Albaladejo, Frédéric Aubrun, Charles-Marc Samama, Laurent Jouffroy, Marc Beaussier, Dan Benhamou, Pauline Romegoux, Kristina Skaare, Jean Luc Bosson, Claude Ecoffey
The organization of health care establishments and perioperative care are essential for ensuring the quality of care and safety of patients undergoing outpatient surgery. In order to correctly inventory these organizations and practices, in 2013-2014, the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care organized an extensive practical survey in French ambulatory surgery units entitled the "OPERA" study (Organisation PERiopératoire de l'anesthésie en chirurgie Ambulatoire). From among all of the ambulatory surgery centres listed by the Agences Régionales de Santé [Regional Health Agencies, France], 206 public and private centres were randomly selected...
November 29, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912895/risk-management-abilities-in-multimodal-maritime-supply-chains-visibility-and-control-perspectives
#6
Jyri Vilko, Paavo Ritala, Jukka Hallikas
Supply chain complexity and disintegration lead to increased uncertainty from a stakeholders' perspective, which is emerging as one of the major challenges of risk management. The ability to identify risks has weakened, as the responsibility of supply chain risk management is handed over to outside service providers. Regardless, the risks, their visibility and their impact depend on the position of the companies in the supply chain. The actors in the chain must therefore collaborate to create effective risk management conditions...
November 29, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912778/medical-priority-dispatch-codes-comparison-with-national-early-warning-score
#7
Marko Hoikka, Sami Länkimäki, Tom Silfvast, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: In Finland, calls for emergency medical services are prioritized by educated non-medical personnel into four categories-from A (highest risk) to D (lowest risk)-following a criteria-based national dispatch protocol. Discrepancies in triage may result in risk overestimation, leading to inappropriate use of emergency medical services units and to risk underestimation that can negatively impact patient outcome. To evaluate dispatch protocol accuracy, we assessed association between priority assigned at dispatch and the patient's condition assessed by emergency medical services on the scene using an early warning risk assessment tool...
December 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912761/relationship-between-weight-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-primary-school-children-in-guangzhou-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Wei Liu, Rong Lin, Weijia Liu, Zhongshan Guo, Lihua Xiong, Bai Li, K K Cheng, Peymane Adab, Miranda Pallan
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between weight status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among pupils in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: The study comprised 5781 children aged 8-12 years from 29 schools. Height and weight were objectively measured using standardized methods, and BMI z-score derived using the age and sex specific WHO reference 2007 for 5-19 years. Weight status was classified as underweight (<-2SD), healthy weight (between -2SD and 1SD), overweight/obesity (>1SD)...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911913/effect-of-osteoprotegerin-and-dickkopf-related-protein-1-on-radiological-progression-in-tightly-controlled-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Carmen Gómez-Vaquero, Irene Martín, Estibaliz Loza, Loreto Carmona, José Ivorra, José Antonio Narváez, Javier Hernández-Gañán, Pedro Alía, Javier Narváez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG) and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK-1) and radiological progression in patients with tightly controlled rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum levels of OPG and DKK-1 were measured in 97 RA patients who were treated according to a treat-to-target strategy (T2T) aimed at remission (DAS28<2.6). Radiologic joint damage progression was assessed by changes in the total Sharp-van der Heijde score (SHS) on serial radiographs of the hands and feet...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910157/asymmetric-synthesis-using-natural-sunlight-under-absolute-achiral-conditions
#10
Masami Sakamoto, Koh Shiratsuki, Naohiro Uemura, Hiroki Ishikawa, Yasushi Yoshida, Yoshio Kasashima, Takashi Mino
Irradiation of prochiral (E)-aroylacrylamide with sunlight gave single-handed pyrrolinone quantitatively and with an ee of over 99% under absolutely achiral conditions. The phenomenon was explained by photoisomerization and reversible cyclization followed by dynamic crystallization involving deracemization.
December 2, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910134/effectiveness-of-handmade-jacky-like-catheter-as-a-single-multipurpose-catheter-in-transradial-coronary-angiography-a-randomized-comparison-with-conventional-two-catheter-strategy
#11
Ismail Erden, Ebru Golcuk, Serdar Bozyel, Emine Cakcak Erden, Yakup Balaban, Kivanc Yalın, Burak Turan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety and efficacy of specialized hand-modified "Jacky-Like" catheter (JLC) as a single dual-purpose catheter in transradial coronary angiography. METHODS: Patients over 18 years undergoing diagnostic CAG through right radial artery (RRA) were prospectively enrolled. Procedures were performed with a single JLC modified from a left Judkins (JL) 3.5 catheter or by using 2-catheter approach (2C). Procedures with coronary artery bypass grafts or ventricular angiographies were excluded from the study...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909950/hatt-a-phase-iv-single-arm-open-label-study-of-sorafenib-in-taiwanese-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Shi-Ming Lin, Sheng-Nan Lu, Ping-Tsung Chen, Long-Bin Jeng, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Chi-Tan Hu, Sien-Sing Yang, Marie-Aude Le Berre, Xuan Liu, David Y Mitchell, Klaas Prins, Joachim Grevel, Carol A E Peña, Gerold Meinhardt
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib significantly improves survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This phase IV study assessed sorafenib efficacy/safety in Taiwanese patients with advanced HCC and Child-Pugh A status. METHODS: All patients received 400 mg sorafenib BID. Safety, efficacy, sorafenib pharmacokinetics, and Child-Pugh progression were evaluated. A hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) prevention substudy assessed HFSR incidence and grade/severity and time to HFSR in 29 and 34 patients randomized to corticosteroid and noncorticosteroid ointments, respectively, and in 88 nonrandomized patients...
December 1, 2016: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909799/thyroid-gland-visualization-with-3d-4d-ultrasound-integrated-hands-on-imaging-in-anatomical-dissection-laboratory
#13
John L Carter, Ankura Patel, Gabriel Hocum, Brion Benninger
PURPOSE: In teaching anatomy, clinical imaging has been utilized to supplement the traditional dissection laboratory promoting education through visualization of spatial relationships of anatomical structures. Viewing the thyroid gland using 3D/4D ultrasound can be valuable to physicians as well as students learning anatomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions of first-year medical students regarding the integration of 3D/4D ultrasound visualization of spatial anatomy during anatomical education...
December 1, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909563/what-does-a-clinically-scientific-professional-society-stand-for
#14
EDITORIAL
J Gerris, W Ombelet
Originated as a mainly social group of befriended colleagues, the VVOG has evolved over the past 55 years to become a truly professional society facing successfully such diverse challenges as organizing scientific congresses, postgraduate training, ethical debates, hands-on training courses, social events, interactions with national and international sister societies but also with the industry, insurers, the government, politicians and patient organisations.
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908417/biphasic-action-of-iodine-in-excess-at-different-doses-on-ovary-in-adult-rats
#15
Dakshayani Mahapatra, Amar K Chandra
Iodine consumption in excess of its recommended levels over a prolonged period of time is well known to cause thyroid disorders. The thyroid hormones on the other hand are responsible in maintenance of the physiology of the reproductive system. Excess iodine intake affects male reproductive physiology. However, the effects of excess iodine on the ovarian structure and function is yet to be established. The present study has thus been undertaken to investigate the effect of excess iodine on the ovarian physiology...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908256/a-review-on-nano-antimicrobials-metal-nanoparticles-methods-and-mechanisms
#16
Edris Hoseinzadeh, Pouran Makhdoumi, Parisa Taha, John Stelling, Hooshyar Hossini, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Ghulam Md Ashraf
Nanotechnology is a scientific and engineering technology conducted at the Nano-scale, such as in the fields of compound fabric manufacturing, food processing, agricultural processing, and engineering, as well as in medical and medicinal application. In recent decade, nanomaterial applications for antimicrobial works have been interested by many researchers. Available reports show that some of the metal oxide Nanoparticles including; Al2O3, TiO2, ZnO, CuO, Co3O4, In2O3, MgO, SiO2, ZrO2, Cr2O3, Ni2O3, Mn2O3, CoO, and Nickel oxide have toxicity toward several microorganisms and they could successfully kill numerous bacteria...
December 1, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908152/design-of-a-model-observer-to-evaluate-calcification-detectability-in-breast-tomosynthesis-and-application-to-smoothing-prior-optimization
#17
Koen Michielsen, Johan Nuyts, Lesley Cockmartin, Nicholas Marshall, Hilde Bosmans
PURPOSE: In this work, the authors design and validate a model observer that can detect groups of microcalcifications in a four-alternative forced choice experiment and use it to optimize a smoothing prior for detectability of microcalcifications. METHODS: A channelized Hotelling observer (CHO) with eight Laguerre-Gauss channels was designed to detect groups of five microcalcifications in a background of acrylic spheres by adding the CHO log-likelihood ratios calculated at the expected locations of the five calcifications...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907094/continuous-descending-modulation-of-the-spinal-cord-revealed-by-functional-mri
#18
Patrick W Stroman, Rachael L Bosma, Andreea I Cotoi, Roxanne H Leung, Jennifer Kornelsen, Jane M Lawrence-Dewar, Caroline F Pukall, Roland Staud
Spontaneous variations in spinal cord activity may arise from regulation of any of a number of functions including sensory, motor, and autonomic control. Here, we use functional MRI (fMRI) of healthy participants to identify properties of blood oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) variations in the spinal cord in response to knowledge that either a noxious stimulus is impending, or that no stimulus is to be expected. Expectation of a noxious stimulus, or no stimulus, is shown to have a significant effect on wide-spread BOLD signal variations in the spinal cord over the entire time period of the fMRI acquisition...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907020/comparing-facebook-users-and-facebook-non-users-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-mental-health-variables-an-exploratory-study
#19
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
Over one billion people use Facebook as a platform for social interaction and self-presentation making it one of the most popular online sites. The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in various personality traits and mental health variables between Facebook users and people who do not use this platform. The data of 945 participants (790 Facebook users, 155 Facebook non-users) were collected. Results indicate that Facebook users score significantly higher on narcissism, self-esteem and extraversion than Facebook non-users...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906169/automated-identification-of-mouse-visual-areas-with-intrinsic-signal-imaging
#20
Ashley L Juavinett, Ian Nauhaus, Marina E Garrett, Jun Zhuang, Edward M Callaway
Intrinsic signal optical imaging (ISI) is a rapid and noninvasive method for observing brain activity in vivo over a large area of the cortex. Here we describe our protocol for mapping retinotopy to identify mouse visual cortical areas using ISI. First, surgery is performed to attach a head frame to the mouse skull (∼1 h). The next day, intrinsic activity across the visual cortex is recorded during the presentation of a full-field drifting bar in the horizontal and vertical directions (∼2 h). Horizontal and vertical retinotopic maps are generated by analyzing the response of each pixel during the period of the stimulus...
January 2017: Nature Protocols
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