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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535621/acute-calcific-tendonitis-of-dorsal-interosseous-muscles-of-the-hand-uncommon-site-of-a-frequent-disease
#1
D Schneider, M Hirsch
Acute calcific tendinopathy is one of the manifestations of hydroxyapatite crystal deposition disease. While it is more frequent in the shoulder, it has been described in virtually all areas of the body, but rarely in the muscles of the hand. Its etiopathogenesis is not yet fully understood and despite being a fairly frequent condition, it is commonly misdiagnosed. The onset of the disease is usually acute and resolves spontaneously. Acute calcific tendinitis of the interosseous tendons of the hand is an uncommon site of a frequent condition...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534800/a-deep-convolutional-neural-network-based-framework-for-automatic-fetal-facial-standard-plane-recognition
#2
Zhen Yu, Ee-Leng Tan, Dong Ni, Jing Qin, Siping Chen, Shenli Li, Baiying Lei, Tianfu Wang
Ultrasound imaging has become a prevalent examination method in prenatal diagnosis. Accurate acquisition of fetal facial standard plane (FFSP) is the most important precondition for subsequent diagnosis and measurement. In the past few years, considerable effort has been devoted to FFSP recognition using various hand-crafted features, but the recognition performance is still unsatisfactory due to the high intra-class variation of FFSPs and the high degree of visual similarity between FFSPs and other non-FFSPs...
May 17, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534019/migration-of-a-contraceptive-subdermal-device-into-the-lung
#3
Ji Hui Choi, Ha-Yeon Kim, Sung Soo Lee, SiHyun Cho
A single-rod subdermal contraceptive implant is usually located around the insertion site, has been usually known to migrate within less than 2 cm of the insertion site and the true migration over 2 cm has been rarely reported. We report a case of migrated radiopaque subdermal contraceptive implant into lung in a 37-year-old woman. On conducted chest computed tomography, subdermal contraceptive implant was in subsegmental branch in left posterior basal segment of lung. Removal of subdermal contraceptive implant in left posterior basal segment of lung by mini-thoracotomy was performed by a chest surgeon...
May 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533209/rationale-and-design-of-a-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intracoronary-infusion-of-allogeneic-human-cardiac-stem-cells-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-the-randomized-multicenter-double-blind
#4
Ricardo Sanz-Ruiz, Ana Casado Plasencia, Luis R Borlado, María Eugenia Fernández-Santos, Reem Al-Daccak, Piet Claus, Itziar Palacios, Rafael Sádaba, Dominique Charron, Jan Bogaert, Miguel Mulet, Raquel Yotti, Inmaculada Gilaberte, Antonio Bernad, Javier Bermejo, Stefan Janssens, Francisco Fernández-Avilés
Rationale: Stem cell therapy has increased the therapeutic armamentarium in the fight against ischemic heart disease and heart failure (HF). The administration of exogenous stem cells has been investigated in patients suffering an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with the final aim of salvaging jeopardized myocardium and preventing left ventricular adverse remodeling and functional deterioration. However, phase I and II clinical trials with autologous and "first-generation" stem cells have yielded inconsistent benefits and mixed results...
May 22, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530523/cost-effectiveness-of-peginterferon-beta-1a-and-alemtuzumab-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Ankur A Dashputre, Khalid M Kamal, Gauri Pawar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, affecting 2.5 million people globally and 400,000 people in the United States. While no cure exists for MS, the goal is to manage the disease using disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), which have been shown to slow disease progression and prevent relapses. Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) is the most common form of MS at the time of diagnosis. Peginterferon beta-1a (PEG) and alemtuzumab (ALT) were recently approved and have demonstrated good clinical outcomes, including reduced relapse rates in clinical trials...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530507/the-reliability-and-sensitivity-of-performance-measures-in-a-novel-pace-bowling-test
#6
Simon A Feros, Warren B Young, Brendan J O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the reliability and sensitivity of performance measures in a novel pace bowling test. METHODS: Thirteen male amateur club fast bowlers completed a novel pace bowling test on two separate occasions, 4-7 days apart. Participants delivered 48 balls (8 overs), at five targets on a suspended sheet, situated behind a 'live' batter who stood in a right-handed and left-handed stance for an equal amount of deliveries. Delivery instruction was frequently changed, with all deliveries executed in a pre-planned sequence...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530166/quorum-sensing-and-rsam-regulons-of-the-rice-pathogen-pseudomonas-fuscovaginae
#7
Gordana Uzelac, Hitendra Kumar Patel, Giulia Devescovi, Danilo Licastro, Vittorio Venturi
Pseudomonas fuscovaginae (Pfv) is an emerging plant pathogen causing sheath brown rot in rice, as well as diseases in other gramineae food crops including maize, sorghum and wheat. Pfv possesses two conserved N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) quorum sensing (QS) systems called PfvI/R and PfsI/R, which are repressed by RsaL and RsaM, respectively. The two systems are not hierarchically organized and are involved in plant virulence. In this study the AHL QS PfsI/R, PfvI/R and RsaM regulons were determined by transcriptomic analysis...
May 22, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528893/body-temperature-responses-to-handling-stress-in-wintering-black-capped-chickadees-poecile-atricapillus-l
#8
Agnès Lewden, Andreas Nord, Magali Petit, François Vézina
Body temperature variation in response to acute stress is typically characterized by peripheral vasoconstriction and a concomitant increase in core body temperature (stress-induced hyperthermia). It is poorly understood how this response differs between species and within individuals of the same species, and how it is affected by the environment. We therefore investigated stress-induced body temperature changes in a non-model species, the Black-capped Chickadee, in two environmental conditions: outdoors in low ambient temperature (mean: -6...
May 18, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527749/visual-and-proprioceptive-feedback-differently-modulate-the-spatial-representation-of-number-and-time-in-children
#9
Elena Nava, Luca Rinaldi, Hermann Bulf, Viola Macchi Cassia
There has been compelling evidence favoring the idea that human adults similarly represent number and time along a horizontal mental number line (MNL) and mental time line (MTL), respectively. Yet, analogies drawn between the MNL and MTL have been challenged by recent studies suggesting that adults' representations of number and time arise from different spatial frames of reference; whereas the MNL relies on both hand-centered and object-centered coordinates, the MTL appears to be exclusively anchored on object-centered coordinates...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527379/diagnosing-water-security-in-the-rural-north-with-an-environmental-security-framework
#10
Henry J F Penn, Philip A Loring, William E Schnabel
This study explores the nature of water security challenges in rural Alaska, using a framework for environmental security that entails four interrelated concepts: availability, access, utility, and stability of water resources. Many researchers and professionals agree that water insecurity is a problem in rural Alaska, although the scale and nature of the problem is contested. Some academics have argued that the problem is systemic, and rooted in an approach to water security by the state that prioritizes economic concerns over public health concerns...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526344/the-promise-of-a-specially-designed-graft-copolymer-of-acrylic-acid-onto-cellulose-as-selective-sorbent-for-heavy-metal-ions
#11
Hisham A Essawy, Magdy F Mohamed, Nabila S Ammar, Hanan S Ibrahim
A specially-designed graft copolymer of acrylic acid onto in-situ formed cellulose-fulvate hybrid showed privileged tendency for uptake of Pb(II) during competitive removal from a mixture containing Cd(II) and Ni(II) within 5min at pH 5. This novel trend is attributed mainly to the crowded high content of coordinating centers within the designed graft copolymer along with the acquired superabsorbency. This provides an outstanding tool to separate some metal ions selectively from mixtures containing multiple ions on kinetic basis...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524266/single-molecule-and-ensemble-diffusivities-in-individual-nanopores-with-spatially-dependent-mobility
#12
Julia Rybka, Jörg Kärger, Ulrich Tallarek
We investigate single-molecule and ensemble diffusivities in a silica nanopore with chemically modified surface by molecular dynamics simulations. Solutes with graded polarity (nonpolar ethylbenzene and moderately polar benzyl alcohol) are equilibrated with a 40:60 (v/v) water/acetonitrile solvent in a 10 nm pore, whose surface has been rendered hydrophobic by modification with alkyl chains. Simulations enable a detailed sampling of spatially dependent solvent and solute mobilities, which originate in a micro-heterogeneity induced by the surface modification...
May 19, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523224/the-treatment-methods-for-post-stroke-visual-impairment-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Kerry Louise Hanna, Lauren Rachel Hepworth, Fiona J Rowe
AIM: To provide a systematic overview of interventions for stroke related visual impairments. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted including randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, cohort studies, observational studies, systematic reviews, and retrospective medical note reviews. All languages were included and translation obtained. This review covers adult participants (aged 18 years or over) diagnosed with a visual impairment as a direct cause of a stroke...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521744/determination-of-the-sources-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-isolated-from-the-poultry-industry-in-southern-ethiopia
#14
Reta Duguma Abdi, Fisseha Mengstie, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene, Hika Waktole, Bedasso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Fufa Abunna
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia set an ambitious masterplan to increase chicken meat and egg production from 2015 to 2020. Poultry breeding, multiplication and distribution centers in the country have received executive order to import, amplify and distribute commercial chickens to end users. The biosecurity and the pathogen fauna of the centers have not been evaluated as to whether the centers could implement the mission effectively without any risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biosecurity practices and the pathogen prevalence, risk factors and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) using Salmonella as case study...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521675/chemotherapy-with-si-rna-and-anti-cancer-drugs
#15
Kamaljeet Kaur, Goutam Rath, Saket Chandra, Ranjit Singh, Amit K Goyal
To treat cancer, chemotherapy is a key therapeutic approach which is associated with several limitations. This chemotherapeutical agents exhibit multi drug resistance coupled with undesirable side effects. This multidrug resistance is exhibited by tumor cell due to actuation of drug out flow mechanism, programmed cell death and protection mechanisms etc. One of the therapeutic approaches to cure cancer is RNA interference (RNAi). Small interfering RNA (si-RNA) is considered as a major therapeutic tool used to control expression of a particular gene...
May 18, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520453/-indeterminate-cell-histiocytosis-disappearance-of-skin-infiltration-following-electron-beam-therapy-and-an-application-of-2-chlorodeoxyadenosine-case-report
#16
Zdeněk Adam, Marta Ježová, Pavel Šlampa, Leoš Křen, Vladimír Vašků, Renata Koukalová, Zdeněk Řehák, Luděk Pour, Marta Krejčí, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
Indeterminate cell histiocytosis is a rare disease belonging to the group of malignant histiocytic diseases. The disease predominantly affects the skin. The disease appeared in the described patient at the age of 80 years. Morphs began to develop on the skin and rapidly spread over the whole body including the face. Only the hands and feet were left uncovered. The patients skin samples were taken from 2 sites for histological examination. The resulting conclusion was indeterminate cell histiocytosis. The treatment we chose was analogous to the procedures for Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517969/prevalence-and-determinants-of-depression-among-patients-under-the-care-of-traditional-health-practitioners-in-a-kenyan-setting-policy-implications
#17
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Abednego M Musau, Lydia K Matoke, David M Ndetei
In Kenya, there is paucity of information on depression among traditional health practitioner (THP) patients, particularly in rural areas. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence and identify determinants of major depressive disorder (MDD) among patients of THP in rural Kenya using the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guideline (mhGAP-IG). All adult patients seeking care from trained THPs (either traditional healers such as diviners and herbalists or faith healers, who use treatments such as prayers, laying hands on patients, or providing holy water and ash to their patients) over a period of 3 months (September 2014 to November 2014) were screened for depression using mhGAP-IG and their sociodemographic characteristics recorded...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516871/diagnosis-of-catastrophic-anti-phospholipid-syndrome-in-a-patient-tested-negative-for-conventional-tests
#18
Fabrizio Conti, Roberta Priori, Cristiano Alessandri, Roberta Misasi, Antonella Capozzi, Monica Pendolino, Simona Truglia, Silvia Frisenda, Maurizio Sorice, Guido Valesini
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a severe variant of APS, characterised by clinical evidence of multiple organ involvement developing over a very short period of time, histopathological evidence of multiple small vessel occlusions and laboratory confirmation of the presence of aPL (lupus anticoagulant and/or anticardiolipin antibodies and/or anti-Beta2-glcyoprotein I antibodies). Here we report a case of a 39-year-old woman patient who developed a CAPS which was negative to the conventional aPL but positive for aPL in thin layer chromatography immunostaining and vimentin/cardiolipin antibodies by ELISA test...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516781/patterns-variability-and-predictors-of-urinary-triclosan-concentrations-during-pregnancy-and-childhood
#19
Shaina L Stacy, Melissa Eliot, Taylor Etzel, George D Papandonatos, Antonia M Calafat, Aimin Chen, Russ Hauser, Bruce P Lanphear, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Xiaoyun Ye, Kimberly Yolton, Joseph M Braun
Exposure to triclosan, an antimicrobial used in many consumer products, is ubiquitous in the United States, yet only limited data are available on the predictors and variability of exposure, particularly in children. We examined the patterns, variability, and predictors of urinary triclosan concentrations in 389 mother-child pairs enrolled in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment Study from 2003-2006. We quantified triclosan in three urine samples collected from women between 16 weeks of pregnancy and birth, and six urine samples collected from children between 1-8 years of age...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516225/a-case-of-bilateral-keratitis-caused-by-providencia-alcalifaciens-a-rarely-encountered-ocular-pathogen
#20
Won Choi, Yong Sok Ji, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: To report a case of keratitis caused by Providencia alcalifaciens. METHODS: A 70-year-old man presented with pain, redness, and decreased vision in both of his eyes. On initial presentation, the visual acuity in both of his eyes was hand motion, and slit lamp examination showed diffuse infiltrates and total epithelial defects of the cornea, conjunctival hyperemia, and severe anterior chamber reactions with 2-mm-height hypopyon. The results of laboratory studies revealed elevated liver function tests, which indicated the presence of alcoholic liver disease...
May 17, 2017: International Ophthalmology
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