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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551599/a-rare-cause-of-acute-dysphagia-acute-calcific-tendonitis-of-the-longus-colli-muscle
#1
Hanadi Abou Dargham, Faton Bytyci, Christian Shuman, Anton Stolear
We are presenting a case of a 78-year-old female with multiple comorbidities and history of neck surgery, who presented with acute dysphagia, odynophagia and neck pain that has been progressively getting worse over the course of 2 days, with no recent injury or infection. The patient was afebrile. There were no visible signs of infection on routine oropharyngeal examination. Initial workup was unremarkable except for elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and creatinine. CT of the cervical spine ruled out any fracture or cervical spine injury but showed an area of calcification, prevertebral oedema and fluid collection inferior to the anterior arch of C1...
May 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551449/degradation-patterns-of-natural-and-synthetic-textiles-on-a-soil-surface-during-summer-and-winter-seasons-studied-using-atr-ftir-spectroscopy
#2
Maiken Ueland, Johanna M Howes, Shari L Forbes, Barbara H Stuart
Textiles are a valuable source of forensic evidence and the nature and condition of textiles collected from a crime scene can assist investigators in determining the nature of the death and aid in the identification of the victim. Until now, much of the knowledge of textile degradation in forensic contexts has been based on the visual inspection of material collected from soil environments. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the potential of a more quantitative approach to the understanding of forensic textile degradation through the application of infrared spectroscopy...
May 22, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551005/electronic-health-record-use-in-an-affluent-region-in-india-findings-from-a-survey-of-chandigarh-hospitals
#3
Adam C Powell, Jasmine K Ludhar, Yuri Ostrovsky
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the electronic health record (EHR) systems in use in an affluent region of India in order to understand the state-of-the-art within the Indian market. METHODS: A survey on EHR features was created by combining an instrument developed by the Organisation for International Cooperation and Development and an instrument developed by an American team of researchers. An interviewer directly administered the survey to leaders from hospitals in greater Chandigarh which possessed electronic health information systems...
July 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550970/thoracotomy-in-the-emergency-department-for-resuscitation-of-the-mortally-injured
#4
J Christopher DiGiacomo, L D George Angus
PURPOSE: Emergency department resuscitative thoracotomy is an intervention of last resort for the acutely dying victim of trauma. In light of improvements in pre-hospital emergency systems, improved operative strategies for survival such as damage control and improvements in critical care medicine, the most extreme of resuscitation efforts should be re-evaluated for the potential survivor, with success properly defined as the return of vital signs which allow transport of the patient to the operating room...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550792/social-stress-contagion-in-rats-behavioural-autonomic-and-neuroendocrine-correlates
#5
Luca Carnevali, Nicola Montano, Rosario Statello, Gino Coudé, Federica Vacondio, Silvia Rivara, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Andrea Sgoifo
The negative emotional consequences associated with life stress exposure in an individual can affect the emotional state of social partners. In this study, we describe an experimental rat model of social stress contagion and its effects on social behaviour and cardiac autonomic and neuroendocrine functions. Adult male Wistar rats were pair-housed and one animal (designated as "demonstrator" (DEM)) was submitted to either social defeat stress (STR) by an aggressive male Wild-type rat in a separate room or just exposed to an unfamiliar empty cage (control condition, CTR), once a day for 4 consecutive days...
May 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549092/the-effect-of-spectacle-lenses-containing-peripheral-defocus-on-refractive-error-and-horizontal-eye-shape-in-the-guinea-pig
#6
Hannah E Bowrey, Guang Zeng, Dennis Y Tse, Amelia J Leotta, Yi Wu, Chi-Ho To, Christine F Wildsoet, Sally A McFadden
Purpose: It has been proposed that the peripheral retina, responding to local optical defocus, contributes to myopia and associated altered eye growth in humans. To test this hypothesis, we measured the changes in central (on-axis) and peripheral ocular dimensions in guinea pigs wearing a concentric bifocal spectacle lens design with power restricted to the periphery. Methods: Five groups of guinea pigs (n = 83) wore either a unifocal (UF) spectacle lens (-4, 0, or +4 Diopters [D]), or a peripheral defocus (PF) spectacle lens that had a plano center (diameter of 5 mm) with either -4 or +4 D in the surround (-4/0 or +4/0 D)...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548707/phenotypes-and-genotypes-in-individuals-with-smc1a-variants
#7
Sylvia Huisman, Paul A Mulder, Egbert Redeker, Ingrid Bader, Anne-Marie Bisgaard, Alice Brooks, Anna Cereda, Constanza Cinca, Dinah Clark, Valerie Cormier-Daire, Matthew A Deardorff, Karin Diderich, Mariet Elting, Anthonie van Essen, David Fitz Patrick, Cristina Gervasini, Gabriele Gillessen-Kaesbach, Katta M Girisha, Yvonne Hilhorst-Hofstee, Saskia Hopman, Denise Horn, Mala Isrie, Sandra Jansen, Cathrine Jespersgaard, Frank J Kaiser, Maninder Kaur, Tjitske Kleefstra, Ian D Krantz, Phillis Lakeman, Annemiek Landlust, Davor Lessel, Caroline Michot, Jo Moss, Sarah E Noon, Chris Oliver, Ilaria Parenti, Juan Pie, Feliciano J Ramos, Claudine Rieubland, Silvia Russo, Angelo Selicorni, Zeynep Tümer, Rieneke Vorstenbosch, Tara L Wenger, Ingrid van Balkom, Sigrid Piening, Jolanta Wierzba, Raoul C Hennekam
SMC1A encodes one of the proteins of the cohesin complex. SMC1A variants are known to cause a phenotype resembling Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS). Exome sequencing has allowed recognizing SMC1A variants in individuals with encephalopathy with epilepsy who do not resemble CdLS. We performed an international, interdisciplinary study on 51 individuals with SMC1A variants for physical and behavioral characteristics, and compare results to those in 67 individuals with NIPBL variants. For the Netherlands all known individuals with SMC1A variants were studied, both with and without CdLS phenotype...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546868/evaluation-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-stabilization-protocols-in-23-french-farrow-to-finish-farms-located-in-a-high-density-swine-area
#8
Pauline Berton, Valérie Normand, Guy-Pierre Martineau, Franck Bouchet, Arnaud Lebret, Agnès Waret-Szkuta
BACKGROUND: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is responsible for reproductive disorders in sows and respiratory problems in pigs, and has a major economic impact. Controlling PRRSV is therefore a priority for the swine industry. Stabilization of a herd, defined as the production of PRRSV-negative pigs at weaning from seropositive sows, is a common method of control, and different protocols have been described in the literature to achieve this stabilization. CONTEXT AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate wether the combination of mass vaccination of sows and their piglets with a Genotype I modified live virus (MLV) vaccine, with temporal closure to the introduction of replacement animals and unidirectional pig and human flow can result in the production of PRRSV-negative pigs at weaning...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546086/physical-activity-and-cardiovascular-aging-physiological-and-molecular-insights
#9
REVIEW
Djordje G Jakovljevic
Aging is associated with significant changes in both cardiac and vascular structure and function that lower the threshold for clinical signs and symptoms, making older people more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, morbidity and mortality. Understanding of age-related cardiovascular changes is necessary for effective and efficient prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in older people. Cardiac aging is associated with left ventricular remodelling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic and diastolic myocardial dysfunction, and reduced sensitivity to sympathetic stimuli that compromises myocardial contractility and pumping ability in older people...
May 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545475/urinary-neprilysin-in-the-critically-ill-patient
#10
Sahra Pajenda, Karl Mechtler, Ludwig Wagner
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients in intensive care face hazardous conditions. Among these, acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently seen as a result of sepsis. Early diagnosis of kidney injury is of the utmost importance in the guidance of interventions or avoidance of treatment-induced kidney injury. On these grounds, we searched for markers that could indicate proximal tubular cell injury. METHODS: Urine samples of 90 patients admitted to the intensive or intermediate care unit were collected over 2 to 5 days...
May 25, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544729/comparative-study-of-two-chemical-protocols-for-creating-white-spot-lesions-an-in-vitro-fluorecam-evaluation
#11
Moufida Abufarwa, Amal Noureldin, Phillip M Campbell, Peter H Buschang
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness and practicality of two commonly-used protocols for white spot lesion creation. METHODS: Sound posterior human teeth were sectioned into halves and randomly allocated into two groups (n=20). Using the FluoreCam system, the enamel surfaces were imaged under standardized conditions, and baseline data (area, intensity, and impact) were recorded. Specimens were covered with an acid-resistant polish, leaving a 2×6-mm enamel window...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544152/a-risk-adapted-approach-to-treating-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-human-parainfluenza-virus-in-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients-with-oral-ribavirin-therapy-a-pilot-study
#12
José Luis Piñana, Juan Carlos Hernández-Boluda, Marisa Calabuig, Isabel Ballester, Manuela Marín, Silvia Madrid, Anabel Teruel, María-José Terol, David Navarro, Carlos Solano
Here we report the applicability of a protocol based on clinical conditions and risk factors (RFs) for managing 35 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients who developed a total of 52 episodes of respiratory viral infections (RVIs) caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV; n=19), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV; n=29), or both (n=4) over a 2-year study period. Risk categories were classified as high risk (cat-1) when the immunodeficiency scoring index) was ≥ 3 and/or ≥ 3 RFs and/or ≥ 1 co-infective virus(es) were present; the remaining cases were classified as low risk (cat-0)...
May 19, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542490/repeated-bouts-of-exhaustive-exercise-increase-circulating-cell-free-nuclear-and-mitochondrial-dna-without-development-of-tolerance-in-healthy-men
#13
Robert Stawski, Konrad Walczak, Piotr Kosielski, Pawel Meissner, Tomasz Budlewski, Gianluca Padula, Dariusz Nowak
OBJECTIVE: Acute single strenuous exercise increases circulating cell free DNA (cf DNA). We tested whether three repeated bouts of exhaustive exercise induced the cf DNA response without development of tolerance in healthy men. METHODS: Eleven average-trained men (age 34.0±5.2 years, body mass index 26.2±3.1 kg/m2, maximal oxygen consumption-VO2max 49.6±4.5 ml/kg*min) performed three treadmill exercise tests to exhaustion at speed corresponding to 70% VO2max separated by 72 hours of resting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542340/no-evidence-that-migratory-geese-disperse-avian-influenza-viruses-from-breeding-to-wintering-ground
#14
Shenglai Yin, David Kleijn, Gerard J D M Müskens, Ron A M Fouchier, Josanne H Verhagen, Petr M Glazov, Yali Si, Herbert H T Prins, Willem Frederik de Boer
Low pathogenic avian influenza virus can mutate to a highly pathogenic strain that causes severe clinical signs in birds and humans. Migratory waterfowl, especially ducks, are considered the main hosts of low pathogenic avian influenza virus, but the role of geese in dispersing the virus over long-distances is still unclear. We collected throat and cloaca samples from three goose species, Bean goose (Anser fabalis), Barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) and Greater white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons), from their breeding grounds, spring stopover sites, and wintering grounds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541964/role-of-early-vitrectomy-in-the-treatment-of-fungal-endophthalmitis
#15
Umesh Chandra Behera, Monica Budhwani, Taraprasad Das, Soumyava Basu, Tapas Ranjan Padhi, Manas Ranjan Barik, Savitri Sharma
PURPOSE: To study whether immediate pars plana vitrectomy at the time of sampling vitreous for culture alter the visual and structural outcomes in fungal endophthalmitis. METHODS: Surgical results of 66 consecutive patients with culture-positive fungal endophthalmitis attending a tertiary eye care hospital in eastern India were analyzed. Based on the timing of vitrectomy, they were divided into 2 groups: Group 1-immediate vitrectomy (n = 31) and Group 2-diagnostic vitrectomy alone (n = 35) as the first-line intervention...
May 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541854/the-feasibility-and-time-required-for-routine-health-literacy-assessment-in-surgical-practice-and-effect-on-patient-satisfaction
#16
Ryan D Eubanks, Jesse N Nodora, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Marian Bagley, Marcia E Bouton, Maria Elena Martinez, Ian K Komenaka
Patients with limited health literacy (HL) have higher likelihood of problems with communication and may decrease patient satisfaction. This study was performed to determine the time required for routine HL assessment and its effect on patient satisfaction. Retrospective review over four years of consecutive patients who attended a breast clinic who underwent HL assessment as part of routine care. A total of 3126 consecutive patients from 2010 to 2014. Of the 3126 patients (96.9%), 3030 of were capable of undergoing HL assessment...
May 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541595/how-does-ivabradine-effect-erectile-dysfunction-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#17
Fatih Aydın, Serkan Bektur, Yasin Taşdelen, Yüksel Kıvrak, Ayşe Hüseyinoglu Aydın
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability or insufficiensy of penile erection that causes dissatisfaction during sexual intercourse. ED is seen in patients with heart failure (HF) ranging from %56-81 depending on the severity. Patients usually blame their cardiovascular medications for their ED. Ivabradine is used for antianginal effects and to improve exercise intolerance and decrease mortality in patients with HF. Most beta-blockers are known to cause ED but unlike beta-blockers the effect of ivabradine over ED has never been evaluated...
May 25, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541247/lymphoid-tissue-neoplasms-in-the-neck-region-epidemiological-and-clinical-analysis-over-15-years
#18
Anna Rzepakowska, Klaudyna Zwierzyńska, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Kazimierz Niemczyk
AIM: Epidemiological and clinical analysis of lymphoid tissue neoplasms in the neck region over a 15-year period. MATERIAL: There was performed retrospective analysis of 97 patients, aged 17 to 88 years, mean age of 60.3 years. The analysis included data from subjective study, physical examination, image and histopathological studies Results: Almost all cases were lymphoid neoplasms - 95 patients (98%). B cell lymphoma was the most commonly diagnosed lymphoma - 74 cases (76%), followed by Hodgkin's lymphoma- 19 cases (20%)...
June 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540482/linear-sign-in-cystic-brain-lesions-%C3%A2-5-mm-a-suggestive-feature-of-perivascular-space
#19
Jinkyeong Sung, Jinhee Jang, Hyun Seok Choi, So-Lyung Jung, Kook-Jin Ahn, Bum-Soo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of a linear sign within enlarged perivascular space (EPVS) and chronic lacunar infarction (CLI) ≥ 5 mm on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) and time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and to evaluate the diagnostic value of the linear signs for EPVS over CLI. METHODS: This study included 101 patients with cystic lesions ≥ 5 mm on brain MRI including TOF MRA. After classification of cystic lesions into EPVS or CLI, two readers assessed linear signs on T2WI and TOF MRA...
May 24, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540291/evaluation-of-two-dry-commercial-therapeutic-diets-for-the-management-of-feline-chronic-gastroenteropathy
#20
Sally C Perea, Stanley L Marks, Leighann Daristotle, Patricia E Koochaki, Richard Haydock
Management of feline chronic gastroenteropathies has included intervention with both veterinary therapeutic formulas designed to manage non-specific gastrointestinal disorders and those designed with limited novel or hydrolyzed ingredients for management of food-responsive enteropathies and steroid-responsive enteropathies (inflammatory bowel disease). There have been few studies evaluating the use of dietary intervention for the management of feline chronic gastroenteropathy. This prospective, multi-center study evaluated the use of two commercially available feline veterinary therapeutic dry diets designed to manage non-specific gastrointestinal disorders in 28 cats with a history of chronic vomiting and/or diarrhea...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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