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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456889/a-bibliometric-analysis-in-gene-research-of-myocardial-infarction-from-2001-to-2015
#1
Huaqiang Zhou, Wulin Tan, Zeting Qiu, Yiyan Song, Shaowei Gao
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the global scientific output of gene research of myocardial infarction and explore their hotspots and frontiers from 2001 to 2015, using bibliometric methods. Methods: Articles about the gene research of myocardial infarction between 2001 and 2015 were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC). We used the bibliometric method and Citespace V to analyze publication years, journals, countries, institutions, research areas, authors, research hotspots, and trends...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452416/early-and-midlife-predictors-of-wisdom-and-subjective-well-being-in-old-age
#2
Monika Ardelt, Kathryn R Gerlach, George E Vaillant
Objectives: We explored whether wisdom and well-being in old age are the result of early personality traits related to personality growth or personality adjustment, respectively, or successful human development as outlined by Erikson's stage theory and the life course paradigm. Method: Structural equation models were applied to analyze 60-year longitudinal data of 98 white male Harvard graduates born between 1915 and 1924. Different sets of judges rated the men's childhood and adolescence, early adult personality, and midlife generativity...
February 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444951/cell-scientist-to-watch-susana-godinho
#3
(no author information available yet)
Susana Godinho graduated with a master's degree in biology from the University of Lisbon, Portugal. She then pursued her PhD with Alvaro Tavares at the Gulbenkian Institute of Science, including a year at the University of Cambridge, UK, in the laboratory of David Glover. In 2006, she joined the laboratory of David Pellman at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA, to work on the mechanisms of extra centrosome clustering in cancer cells during mitosis. Susana established her own research group at the Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), in 2013...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439784/influence-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-quality-in-childhood-on-the-incidence-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-during-adolescence-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
XiuYun Wu, Kerry Bastian, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul Veugelers
PURPOSE: Studies among youth suggest that physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors, and poor diet quality are associated with poor mental health. Few population-based studies have investigated these relationships longitudinally. We examined the association between physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and diet quality in childhood and the incidence of internalizing and externalizing disorders throughout adolescence. METHODS: We linked health behavior survey data from 2003 among 10- to 11-year-old children across Nova Scotia, Canada, with administrative health care data from 2003 to 2011...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414131/steven-e-hyman
#5
Steven E Hyman
Interview with Steven Hyman, Director of the Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard.
January 8, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408561/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-vitamin-d-and-omega-3-trial-vital-effects-on-bone-structure-and-architecture
#6
Catherine M Donlon, Meryl S LeBoff, Sharon H Chou, Nancy R Cook, Trisha Copeland, Julie E Buring, Vadim Bubes, Gregory Kotler, JoAnn E Manson
Vitamin D supplements are often used to benefit skeletal health, although data on effects of daily high-dose vitamin D alone on bone density and structure are lacking. The ongoing VITamin D and OmegA-3 TriaL (VITAL) is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial testing effects of high-dose supplemental vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol; 2000 IU/day) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (FAs; 1 g/day) for the primary prevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease. The study has a mean treatment period of 5 years among 25,874 U...
February 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405654/practicing-what-we-preach-a-pilot-study-on-oral-health-practices-of-dentists-in-massachusetts
#7
Romesh P Nalliah, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentists are perceived as leaders and role models of good oral health, but do dentists practice what they preach? The current study was a pilot evaluation dentists of the oral health and oral health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: The Massachusetts Dental Society sent emails to 3957 member dentists for whom an email contact was available. One reminder was sent 3 months later, and there was no incentive offered. Institutional review board approval was acquired prior to administering the survey through the Harvard Medical School Committee on Human Studies...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402631/a-brief-history-of-typical-absence-seizures-petit-mal-revisited
#8
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Eugen Trinka, Simona Lattanzi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Raffaele Nardone, Mariano Martini
In this article, we have traced back the history of typical absence seizures, from their initial clinical description to the more recent nosological position. The first description of absence seizures was made by Poupart in 1705 and Tissot in 1770. In 1824, Calmeil introduced the term "absences", and in 1838, Esquirol for the first time used the term petit mal. Reynolds instead used the term "epilepsia mitior" (milder epilepsy) and provided a comprehensive description of absence seizures (1861). In 1854, Delasiauve ranked absences as the seizure type with lower severity and introduced the concept of idiopathic epilepsy...
February 2, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388531/consumption-of-processed-food-dietary-patterns-in-four-african-populations
#9
Michelle D Holmes, Shona Dalal, Vikash Sewram, Megan B Diamond, Sally N Adebamowo, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi, Clement Adebamowo, Faraja S Chiwanga, Marina Njelekela, Carien Laurence, Jimmy Volmink, Francis Bajunirwe, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, David Guwatudde, Todd G Reid, Walter C Willett, Hans-Olov Adami, Teresa T Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify predominant dietary patterns in four African populations and examine their association with obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Setting/Subjects We used data from the Africa/Harvard School of Public Health Partnership for Cohort Research and Training (PaCT) pilot study established to investigate the feasibility of a multi-country longitudinal study of non-communicable chronic disease in sub-Saharan Africa. We applied principal component analysis to dietary intake data collected from an FFQ developed for PaCT to ascertain dietary patterns in Tanzania, South Africa, and peri-urban and rural Uganda...
February 1, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382929/energy-savings-emission-reductions-and-health-co-benefits-of-the-green-building-movement
#10
REVIEW
MacNaughton P, Cao X, Buonocore J, Cedeno-Laurent J, Spengler J, Bernstein A, Allen J
Buildings consume nearly 40% of primary energy production globally. Certified green buildings substantially reduce energy consumption on a per square foot basis and they also focus on indoor environmental quality. However, the co-benefits to health through reductions in energy and concomitant reductions in air pollution have not been examined.We calculated year by year LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification rates in six countries (the United States, China, India, Brazil, Germany, and Turkey) and then used data from the Green Building Information Gateway (GBIG) to estimate energy savings in each country each year...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375163/a-field-experiment-on-search-costs-and-the-formation-of-scientific-collaborations
#11
Kevin J Boudreau, Tom Brady, Ina Ganguli, Patrick Gaule, Eva Guinan, Anthony Hollenberg, Karim R Lakhani
We present the results of a field experiment conducted at Harvard Medical School to understand the extent to which search costs affect matching among scientific collaborators. We generated exogenous variation in search costs for pairs of potential collaborators by randomly assigning individuals to 90-minute structured information-sharing sessions as part of a grant funding opportunity. We estimate that the treatment increases the probability of grant co-application of a given pair of researchers by 75%. The findings suggest that matching between scientists is subject to considerable frictions, even in the case of geographically-proximate scientists working in the same institutional context...
October 2017: Review of Economics and Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373387/bibliometric-study-of-scientific-research-on-scleral-lenses
#12
Francisco Javier Povedano-Montero, Cristina Álvarez-Peregrina, Fernando Hidalgo Santa Cruz, César Villa-Collar, José Sánchez Valverde
PURPOSE: To analyze the state of scientific publications in the field of scleral lenses applying a bibliometric study. METHODS: The database used in this bibliometric study was SCOPUS, the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature: scientific journals, books, and conference proceedings. Using remote download techniques, articles published between 1962 (year of first registrations) and 2015 were selected by entering the main descriptors: "scleral contact lenses" and "scleral lenses," limiting the field for the article, keywords, and abstract, linked with the OR tab...
January 25, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372875/cushing-penfield-and-cortical-stimulation
#13
Richard Leblanc
Harvey Cushing and Wilder Penfield enjoyed a unique professional and personal relationship. Shortly before his retirement from Harvard University in 1933, Cushing sent Penfield 8 sketches that he drew in 1902 and 1903 while he was at Johns Hopkins Hospital. The first series of 3 sketches illustrate the relationship between a cortical hemorrhagic lesion and the motor strip in a patient with focal motor seizures. The second series also comprises 3 sketches. These depict the operative findings in a patient in whom Cushing had electrically stimulated the precentral gyrus, before resecting the cortex subserving motility of the upper extremity to control painful dyskinetic movements...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370876/the-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-group-schema-therapy-rating-scale-revised
#14
Emily Bastick, Suili Bot, Simone J W Verhagen, Gerhard Zarbock, Joan Farrell, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Arnoud Arntz, Christopher William Lee
BACKGROUND: Recent research has supported the efficacy of schema therapy as a treatment for personality disorders. A group format has been developed (group schema therapy; GST), which has been suggested to improve both the clinical and cost-effectiveness of the treatment. AIMS: Efficacy studies of GST need to assess treatment fidelity. The aims of the present study were to improve, describe and evaluate a fidelity measure for GST, the Group Schema Therapy Rating Scale - Revised (GSTRS-R)...
January 26, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370810/global-action-for-training-in-malaria-elimination
#15
Dyann F Wirth, Núria Casamitjana, Marcel Tanner, Michael R Reich
The Rethinking Malaria Leadership Forum, held at Harvard Business School in February 2017 with collaboration of the Barcelona Institute for Global Health and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, identified this training gap as a high priority for both analysis and action. The gap in human resource training for malaria elimination needs to be addressed in order to assure continued progress. This paper identifies major gaps in skills and human resources, suggests institutions that can assist in filling the training gaps, and proposes global actions to implement expanded training for malaria elimination in endemic countries...
January 25, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369062/simulation-based-assessment-to-reliably-identify-key-resident-performance-attributes
#16
Richard H Blum, Sharon L Muret-Wagstaff, John R Boulet, Jeffrey B Cooper, Emil R Petrusa, Keith H Baker, Galina Davidyuk, Jennifer L Dearden, David M Feinstein, Stephanie B Jones, William R Kimball, John D Mitchell, Robert L Nadelberg, Sarah H Wiser, Meredith A Albrecht, Amanda K Anastasi, Ruma R Bose, Laura Y Chang, Deborah J Culley, Lauren J Fisher, Meera Grover, Suzanne B Klainer, Rikante Kveraga, Jeffrey P Martel, Shannon S McKenna, Rebecca D Minehart, John D Mitchell, Jeremi R Mountjoy, John B Pawlowski, Robert N Pilon, Douglas C Shook, David A Silver, Carol A Warfield, Katherine L Zaleski
BACKGROUND: Obtaining reliable and valid information on resident performance is critical to patient safety and training program improvement. The goals were to characterize important anesthesia resident performance gaps that are not typically evaluated, and to further validate scores from a multiscenario simulation-based assessment. METHODS: Seven high-fidelity scenarios reflecting core anesthesiology skills were administered to 51 first-year residents (CA-1s) and 16 third-year residents (CA-3s) from three residency programs...
January 24, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361815/the-neat-predictive-model-for-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#17
Amanda Zucker, Chiaojung Jillian Tsai, John Loscalzo, Pedro Calves, Johnny Kao
Purpose: We previously developed a model to more accurately predict life expectancy for stage IV cancer patients referred to radiation oncology. The goals of this study are to validate this model and to compare competing published models. Materials and Methods: From May 2012 to March 2015, 280 consecutive patients with stage IV cancer were prospectively evaluated by a single radiation oncologist. Patients were separated into training, validation and combined sets...
January 24, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360936/haystack-systematic-analysis-of-the-variation-of-epigenetic-states-and-cell-type-specific-regulatory-elements
#18
Luca Pinello, Rick Farouni, Guo-Cheng Yuan
Motivation: With the increasing amount of genomic and epigenomic data in the public domain, a pressing challenge is to integrate these data to investigate the role of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating gene expression and maintenance of cell-identity. To this end, we have implemented a computational pipeline to systematically study epigenetic variability and uncover regulatory DNA sequences. Results: Haystack is a bioinformatics pipeline to identify hotspots of epigenetic variability across different cell-types, cell-type specific cis-regulatory elements, and associated transcription factors...
January 17, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352346/the-evolution-of-breast-reduction-publications-a-bibliometric-analysis
#19
Ümran Muslu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to make a bibliometric analysis of the studies on breast reduction (BR) between the years 1980 and 2016 and identify important studies through trend topics as well as active authors, countries, universities, scientific journals, and citation and co-citation analyses about BR. BACKGROUND: Although BR looks like one of the cosmetic surgeries performed in order to restore the woman's appearance, in fact it is a reconstructive surgery that eliminates back pain, stance disorder, headache, shoulder pain, back and cervical disk hernia, difficulty in breathing, hollowness caused by bra straps, hygiene problems under breasts (e...
January 19, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349713/patient-reported-outcomes-of-catheter-based-accelerated-partial-breast-brachytherapy-and-whole-breast-irradiation-a-single-institution-experience
#20
Krishan R Jethwa, Mohamed M Kahila, Kristin C Mara, William S Harmsen, David M Routman, Geralyn M Pumper, Kimberly S Corbin, Jeff A Sloan, Kathryn J Ruddy, Tina J Hieken, Sean S Park, Robert W Mutter
PURPOSE: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) and whole breast irradiation (WBI) are treatment options for early-stage breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare patient-reported-outcomes (PRO) between patients receiving multi-channel intra-cavitary brachytherapy APBI or WBI. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 131 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or early stage invasive breast cancer were treated with adjuvant APBI (64) or WBI (67) and participated in a PRO questionnaire...
January 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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