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"Cognitive functional therapy"

Aoife Synnott, Mary O'Keeffe, Samantha Bunzli, Wim Dankaerts, Peter O'Sullivan, Katie Robinson, Kieran O'Sullivan
QUESTION: What are physiotherapists' perspectives on managing the cognitive, psychological and social dimensions of chronic low back pain after intensive biopsychosocial training? DESIGN: Qualitative study design using semi-structured interviews to explore physiotherapists' perceptions of their identification and treatment of the biopsychosocial dimensions of chronic low back pain after intensive Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) training. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen qualified physiotherapists from four countries who had received specific CFT training...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Ney Meziat Filho, Roberta Mendonça, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
This case report presents the effect of Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT) in a patient with chronic non-specific low back pain associated with unilateral loading impairment of the left lower limb. The patient believed surgery was the only possible way to treat the cause of the problem. The management of this idea was to change such belief. Manual therapy and active exercises were combined in order to encourage the patient to trust his back and lower limb again. One month and a half after the first appointment, the treatment resulted in complete absence of pain and disability...
September 2016: Manual Therapy
Samantha Bunzli, Sarah McEvoy, Wim Dankaerts, Peter O'Sullivan, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functional therapy (CFT) has been shown to reduce pain and disability in people with chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate participants' experience of CFT by comparing participants who reported differing levels of improvement after participation in CFT, potentially yielding insight into the implementation of this approach. DESIGN: This was a noninterventional, cross-sectional, qualitative study with an interpretive description framework...
September 2016: Physical Therapy
Muhammad Irfan
This report describes the case of a 52 year old male administrative assistant presenting with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Despite patho-anatomical considerations, the patient's pain related functional behaviour, mal-adapted presentation, motor control strategies, incorrect belief system, and faulty cognition of associating disc healing with a lordotic posture adversely contributed to his presentation. With limited specific guidelines in the literature for this specific lumbar spine condition, the patient response during the assessment guided the intervention...
June 2016: Manual Therapy
Mary O'Keeffe, Helen Purtill, Norelee Kennedy, Peter O'Sullivan, Wim Dankaerts, Aidan Tighe, Lars Allworthy, Louise Dolan, Norma Bargary, Kieran O'Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is a very common and costly musculoskeletal disorder associated with a complex interplay of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy (CFT) represents a novel, patient-centred intervention which directly challenges pain-related behaviours in a cognitively integrated, functionally specific and graduated manner. CFT aims to target all biopsychosocial factors that are deemed to be barriers to recovery for an individual patient with NSCLBP...
2015: BMJ Open
Kieran O'Sullivan, Wim Dankaerts, Leonard O'Sullivan, Peter B O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Multiple dimensions across the biopsychosocial spectrum are relevant in the management of nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). Cognitive functional therapy is a behaviorally targeted intervention that combines normalization of movement and abolition of pain behaviors with cognitive reconceptualization of the NSCLBP problem while targeting psychosocial and lifestyle barriers to recovery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of cognitive functional therapy for people with disabling NSCLBP who were awaiting an appointment with a specialist medical consultant...
November 2015: Physical Therapy
N Meziat Filho
This case report presents the effect of classification-based cognitive functional therapy in a patient with chronic disabling low back pain. The patient was assessed using a multidimensional biopsychosocial classification system and was classified as having flexion pattern of movement impairment disorder. Management of this patient was to change her belief that bending over and sitting would cause damage to her disc, combined with active exercises for graded exposure to lumbar flexion to restore normal movement...
February 2016: Manual Therapy
J P Cañeiro, Leo Ng, Angus Burnett, Amity Campbell, Peter B O'Sullivan
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Contemporary low back pain models propose that the experience of and responses to pain result from a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. This supports the need for a management approach that addresses the biological, psychological, and social components that may be related to the pain disorder. This case report demonstrates the application of, and outcomes associated with, a cognitive functional intervention that considers neurophysiological, physical, psychosocial, cognitive, and lifestyle dimensions for the management of a rower with nonspecific chronic low back pain...
August 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
K Vibe Fersum, P O'Sullivan, J S Skouen, A Smith, A Kvåle
BACKGROUND: Non-specific chronic low back pain disorders have been proven resistant to change, and there is still a lack of clear evidence for one specific treatment intervention being superior to another. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the efficacy of a behavioural approach to management, classification-based cognitive functional therapy, compared with traditional manual therapy and exercise. Linear mixed models were used to estimate the group differences in treatment effects...
July 2013: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Eva Marie Erfurth, Helene Holmer, Sigridur Bara Fjalldal
A craniopharyngioma (CP) is an embryonic malformation of the sellar and parasellar region. The annual incidence is 0.5-2.0 cases/million/year and approximately 60 % of CP are seen in adulthood. Craniopharyngiomas have the highest mortality of all pituitary tumors. Typical initial manifestations at diagnosis in adults are visual disturbances, hypopituitarism and symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure. The long-term morbidity is substantial with hypopituitarism, increased cardiovascular risk, hypothalamic damage, visual and neurological deficits, reduced bone health, and reduction in quality of life and cognitive function...
March 2013: Pituitary
Joanna Veauthier, Heinz Haettig, Heinz-Joachim Meencke
UNLABELLED: The EEG background activity reflects the functional state of the brain. The established sensitivity of EEG to drug intoxication and in particular to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) made that EEG has become useful as an objective measure for monitoring chronic AED therapy and in investigation of cognitive functions. Therapy with classical AEDs has become associated with slowing of EEG background rhythm and the EEG changes correlated to changes on cognitive measures. So far, it has not been tested whether the relatively new AED, levetiracetam (LEV) has a detrimental effect on the EEG background frequencies, too...
July 2009: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Roberta Diaz Brinton, Jun Ming Wang
A major challenge not yet addressed by current therapeutic interventions for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the regeneration of lost neurons and neural circuitry to restore cognitive function. Therapies that lead to cessation of the degenerative process still leave the brain riddled with deteriorated neural circuits and reduced neuron number. The discovery of neurogenesis in the adult brain and the regenerative potential of neural stem cells holds the promise for restoration of neural populations and regeneration of neural circuits necessary for cerebral function...
July 2006: Current Alzheimer Research
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