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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718496/-introduction-of-rapid-syphilis-and-hiv-testing-in-prenatal-care-in-colombia-qualitative-analysis
#1
María Teresa Ochoa-Manjarrés, Hernando Guillermo Gaitán-Duarte, Sidia Caicedo, Berta Gómez, Freddy Pérez
Objective: Interpret perceptions of Colombian health professionals concerning factors that obstruct and facilitate the introduction of rapid syphilis and HIV testing in prenatal care services. Methods: A qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews was carried out. A convenience sample was selected with 37 participants, who included health professionals involved in prenatal care services, programs for pregnant women, clinical laboratories, and directors of health care units or centers, as well as representatives from regional departments and the Ministry of Health...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718495/comparative-effectiveness-of-single-and-dual-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-syphilis-and-hiv-in-antenatal-care-services-in-colombia
#2
Hernando Guillermo Gaitán-Duarte, Lori Newman, Maura Laverty, Ndema Abu Habib, Lina María González-Gordon, Edith Ángel-Müller, Catleya Abella, Esther Cristina Barros, Carlos Rincón, Sidia Caicedo, Bertha Gómez, Freddy Pérez
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a dual rapid test compared to a single rapid test for syphilis and HIV screening. Methods: A cluster-randomized open-label clinical trial was performed in 12 public antenatal care (ANC) centers in the cities of Bogotá and Cali, Colombia. Pregnant women who were over 14 years of age at their first antenatal visit and who had not been previously tested for HIV and syphilis during the current pregnancy were included. Pregnant women were randomized to single HIV and single syphilis rapid diagnostic tests (Arm A) or to dual HIV and syphilis rapid diagnostic tests (Arm B)...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715415/characterizing-the-malaria-rural-to-urban-transmission-interface-the-importance-of-reactive-case-detection
#3
Karen Molina Gómez, M Alejandra Caicedo, Alexandra Gaitán, Manuela Herrera-Varela, María Isabel Arce, Andrés F Vallejo, Julio Padilla, Pablo Chaparro, M Andreína Pacheco, Ananias A Escalante, Myriam Arevalo-Herrera, Sócrates Herrera Valencia
BACKGROUND: Reported urban malaria cases are increasing in Latin America, however, evidence of such trend remains insufficient. Here, we propose an integrated approach that allows characterizing malaria transmission at the rural-to-urban interface by combining epidemiological, entomological, and parasite genotyping methods. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A descriptive study that combines active (ACD), passive (PCD), and reactive (RCD) case detection was performed in urban and peri-urban neighborhoods of Quibdó, Colombia...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714178/emergence-and-whole-genome-sequence-of-senecavirus-a-in-colombia
#4
D Sun, F Vannucci, T P Knutson, C Corzo, D G Marthaler
In 2015 and 2016, Senecavirus A (SVA) emerged as an infectious disease in Brazil, China and the United States (US). In a Colombian commercial swine farm, vesicles on the snout and coronary bands were reported and tested negative for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDv), but positive for SVA. The whole-genome phylogenetic analysis indicates the Colombian strain clusters with the strains from the United States, not with the recent SVA strains from Brazil.
July 16, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707607/processed-and-ultra-processed-foods-are-associated-with-lower-quality-nutrient-profiles-in-children-from-colombia-corrigendum
#5
Brittany Cornwell, Eduardo Villamor, Mercedes Mora-Plazas, Constanza Marin, Carlos A Monteiro, Ana Baylin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705973/complete-genome-sequences-of-three-xanthomonas-citri-strains-from-texas
#6
Alejandra Munoz Bodnar, Gem Santillana, Vessela Mavrodieva, Zhaowei Liu, Mark Nakhla, Dean W Gabriel
The complete genome sequences of three Xanthomonas citri strains isolated from lime trees in Texas were found to belong to the A(w) group. All carried nearly identical large plasmids with similarity to those of a citrus canker strain from India and to xanthomonads from Africa and Colombia. All three strains harbored unusual pthA homologs.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704570/signs-of-eclampsia-during-singleton-deliveries-and-early-neonatal-mortality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-three-who-regions
#7
Saverio Bellizzi, Howard L Sobel, Mohamed M Ali
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of eclampsia symptoms and to explore associations between eclampsia and early neonatal mortality. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included Demographic and Health Surveys data from 2005 to 2012; details of signs related to severe obstetric adverse events of singleton deliveries during interviewees' most recent delivery in the preceding 5 years were included. Data and delivery history were merged for pooled analyses. Convulsions-used as an indicator for having experienced eclampsia-and early neonatal mortality rates were compared, and a generalized random effect model, adjusted for heterogeneity between and within countries, was used to investigate the impact of presumed eclampsia on early neonatal mortality...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701815/next-generation-crop-models-a-modular-approach-to-model-early-vegetative-and-reproductive-development-of-the-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#8
C Hwang, M J Correll, S A Gezan, L Zhang, M S Bhakta, C E Vallejos, K J Boote, J A Clavijo-Michelangeli, J W Jones
The next generation of gene-based crop models offers the potential of predicting crop vegetative and reproductive development based on genotype and weather data as inputs. Here, we illustrate an approach for developing a dynamic modular gene-based model to simulate changes in main stem node numbers, time to first anthesis, and final node number on the main stem of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). In the modules, these crop characteristics are functions of relevant genes (quantitative trait loci (QTL)), the environment (E), and QTL × E interactions...
July 2017: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693483/early-warning-signal-for-dengue-outbreaks-and-identification-of-high-risk-areas-for-dengue-fever-in-colombia-using-climate-and-non-climate-datasets
#9
Jung-Seok Lee, Mabel Carabali, Jacqueline K Lim, Victor M Herrera, Il-Yeon Park, Luis Villar, Andrew Farlow
BACKGROUND: Dengue has been prevalent in Colombia with high risk of outbreaks in various locations. While the prediction of dengue epidemics will bring significant benefits to the society, accurate forecasts have been a challenge. Given competing health demands in Colombia, it is critical to consider the effective use of the limited healthcare resources by identifying high risk areas for dengue fever. METHODS: The Climate Risk Factor (CRF) index was constructed based upon temperature, precipitation, and humidity...
July 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688182/analysis-of-the-adverse-events-reported-to-the-office-of-the-clinical-director-at-a-dental-school-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#10
María F Huertas, Juliana Gonzalez, Sandra Camacho, Ana L Sarralde, Adriana Rodríguez
Dentistry is interested in identifying and controlling adverse events, understood as involuntary injuries to the patient during dental care. The aim of this study was to analyze the adverse events reported to the Office of the Clinical Director at the School of Dentistry at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Colombia) during 2011-2012. It was an observational, descriptive study that evaluated 227 dental clinical records of patients who filed a complaint with the Office of the Clinical Director. Of these, 43 were adverse events and were used as the basis for this study...
April 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686707/molecular-characterization-of-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease-in-colombia
#11
Julio Cesar Rendon, Fabian Cortes-Mancera, Juan Carlos Restrepo-Gutierrez, Sergio Hoyos, Maria-Cristina Navas
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) occult infection (OBI) is a risk factor to be taken into account in transfusion, hemodialysis and organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize at the molecular level OBI cases in patients with end-stage liver disease. METHODS: Sixty-six liver samples were obtained from patients with diagnosis of end-stage liver disease submitted to liver transplantation in Medellin (North West, Colombia). Samples obtained from patients who were negative for the surface antigen of HBV (n = 50) were tested for viral DNA detection by nested PCR for ORFs S, C, and X and confirmed by Southern-Blot...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686663/in-vitro-release-pharmacokinetics-of-amikacin-teicoplanin-and-polyhexanide-in-a-platelet-rich-fibrin-layer-prf-a-laboratory-evaluation-of-a-modern-autologous-wound-treatment
#12
Daniela Knafl, Florian Thalhammer, Matthias G Vossen
OBJECTIVES: Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is an autologous fibrin glue, produced from patients' blood, which, besides intraoperative use, has applications in the treatment of infected wounds. The combination with antimicrobial agents results in a prolonged antibacterial effect allowing for wound dressing change intervals of seven days even in infected wounds. The aim of this study was to evaluate release kinetics of amikacin, teicoplanin or polyhexanide from a PRF-layer. METHODS: PRF mixed with teicoplanin, amikacin or polyhexanide was sprayed on a silicon gauze patch and put on a colombia agar with bacteria with known minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and incubated for 24 hours and afterwards transferred to another agar with the same bacterial strain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686321/stratifying-the-potential-local-transmission-of-zika-in-municipalities-of-antioquia-colombia
#13
Juan Ospina, Doracelly Hincapie-Palacio, Jesús Ochoa, Adriana Molina, Guillermo Rúa, Dubán Pájaro, Marcela Arrubla, Rita Almanza, Marlio Paredes, Anuj Mubayi
OBJECTIVE: To stratify and understand the potential transmission processes of Zika virus in Colombia, in order to effectively address the efforts on surveillance and disease control. METHODS: We compare R0 , of Zika for municipalities based on data from the regional surveillance system of Antioquia, Colombia. The basic reproduction number (R0 ) and its 95% confidence intervals were estimated from an SIR model with implicit vector dynamics, in terms of recovered individuals in each time unit, using an approximate solution...
July 7, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685476/raising-awareness-for-lung-cancer-prevention-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-female-scholars-from-a-low-income-area-in-bogota-colombia-evaluation-of-a-national-framework
#14
J F Meneses-Echávez, P A Alba-Ramírez, J E Correa-Bautista
This study aims to determine the effects of an educational intervention, based on the Colombian guidelines for educational communication in the framework of cancer control, for raising lung cancer prevention-related awareness, and improving healthy lifestyles in female scholars from a low-income area in Bogota, Colombia. Uncontrolled trial conducted in 243 female scholars (mean age 14 years ± 1.5 SD). Two 90 min educational sessions were carried out in March 2015 according to the Colombian guidelines for educational communication in the framework of cancer control...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684038/education-in-trauma-an-educational-alternative-that-promotes-injury-prevention
#15
Jose Daniel Charry, Juan Daniel Ochoa, Jorman Harvey Tejada, Sandra Liliana Navarro-Parra, Nicolas Esquivel, Yolercy Vasques
PURPOSE: As trauma is a public health problem, different programs have been designed to prevent injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational model that measures the adolescents' attitudes towards the rules of road safety, alcohol and road accidents in Colombia. METHODS: A pedagogical model evaluating the effect of road safety education and adolescents' attitudes towards and experiences of alcohol and road accidents in Colombia was created...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683379/work-related-illness-work-related-accidents-and-lack-of-social-security-in-colombia
#16
María Teresa Buitrago Echeverri, César Ernesto Abadía-Barrero, Consuelo Granja Palacios
The impacts of neoliberal or market-based social security reforms in health have been extensively studied. How such reforms transformed employment-related insurance and entitlements, however, has received significantly less attention. This study aims to understand how the employment insurance system operates in Colombia and to assess how the experience of workers seeking social security entitlements relates to the system's structure. We conducted an ethnographic study of the Colombian Occupational Risk System between May 2014 and March 2016, with two main components: 1) analysis of the system itself through in-depth interviews with 32 people working in leadership positions and a systematic review of the system's most important legislation, and 2) a study of people who experienced problems receiving entitlements and were challenging the assessment of their work-related illness or accident...
June 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682071/comprehensive-chemical-fingerprinting-of-high-quality-cocoa-at-early-stages-of-processing-effectiveness-of-combined-untargeted-and-targeted-approaches-for-classification-and-discrimination
#17
Federico Magagna, Alessandro Guglielmetti, Erica Liberto, Stephen E Reichenbach, Elena Allegrucci, Guido Gobino, Carlo Bicchi, Chiara Cordero
This study investigates chemical information of volatile fractions of high-quality cocoa (Theobroma cacao L. Malvaceae) from different origins (Mexico, Ecuador, Venezuela, Columbia, Java, Trinidad, and Sao Tomè) produced for fine chocolate. This study explores the evolution of the entire pattern of volatiles in relation to cocoa processing (raw, roasted, steamed, and ground beans). Advanced chemical fingerprinting (e.g., combined untargeted and targeted fingerprinting) with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry allows advanced pattern recognition for classification, discrimination, and sensory-quality characterization...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680177/redesign-of-the-clinical-pharmacy-practice-model-in-a-tertiary-academic-hospital-in-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia
#18
Juan Pablo Botero Aguirre, Andrés Felipe Valencia Quintero, Elkyn Johan Granados Vega
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678053/raised-frequency-of-central-nervous-system-malformations-related-to-zika-virus-infection-in-two-birth-defects-surveillance-systems-in-bogot%C3%A3-and-cali-colombia
#19
Paula Hurtado-Villa, Angie K Puerto, Salomé Victoria, Gloria Gracia, Lesly Guasmayán, Patricia Arce, Gilberto Álvarez, Esperanza Blandón, Nubia Rengifo, Jorge A Holguín, Alexander Durán, Ignacio Zarante
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is now known to cause congenital microcephaly and severe brain defects. Colombia has been experiencing an epidemic wave of Zika infection, starting approximately in October 2015. Here we document the trends of microcephaly and severe CNS malformations in two major cities in Colombia from 2012 through 2016, tracking the epidemiologic curve from before through the major Zika epidemic so far. METHODS: The study included neural tube defects (anencephaly, spina bifida, encephalocele), holoprosencephaly, and hydrocephaly...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677652/relationship-between-handgrip-strength-and-muscle-mass-in-female-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-mediation-analysis
#20
Lorena Benavides-Rodríguez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Diogo Rodrigues-Bezerra, Mikel Izquierdo, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
This study explored the mediating factors of sarcopenia in a group of women survivors of breast cancer in Bogotá, Colombia. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study with 98 women survivors of breast cancer, who were registered with the SIMMON (Integrated Synergies to Improve Oncological Management in Colombia) Foundation. Body weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Body composition (percentage of fat and muscle mass) was evaluated via four-pole bioelectrical impedance analysis...
July 4, 2017: Nutrients
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