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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442338/multicentre-evaluation-of-postoperative-pain-control-after-24hours-in-three-hospitals-of-colombia
#1
Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba, Manuel Enrique Machado-Duque, Javier Orlando Ramírez-Sarmiento
OBJECTIVE: To determine the intensity of pain in operated patients using a visual analogue scale and identify variables associated with lack of pain control in three cities in Colombia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study in patients over the age of 18 years, between January 1(st) and September 30(th) 2014, in 3 clinics in Colombia. The intensity of postoperative pain using a visual analogue scale at 24hours after surgery was recorded. Socio-demographic, clinical and pharmacological variables were taken into account...
April 22, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441972/efficacy-of-olmesartan-amlodipine-in-colombian-hypertensive-patients-soat-study
#2
Richard Buendia, Monica Zambrano
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence has shown a significant deficit in the control of hypertension (blood pressure <140/90 mmHg) among Hispanics or Latinos in about 65%. This study aims to determine the efficacy of the combination in fixed doses of olmesartan and amlodipine (20/5, 40/5, and 40/10 mg) in hypertensive patients treated in daily clinical practice by Colombian doctors. METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective, open-label, multi-center, non-comparative study...
April 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441094/background-rates-of-disease-in-latin-american-children-from-a-rotavirus-vaccine-study
#3
Marc Baay, Kaatje Bollaerts, Claudio Struchiner, Thomas Verstraeten
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of background rates of adverse events is crucial to assess vaccine safety concerns. We used data from a rotavirus vaccine study (Ruiz-Palacios et al., NEJM, 2006) including 63,225 infants from 11 Latin American countries to investigate reporting rates of serious adverse events (SAEs) among these infants, and describe rates by country, gender, age, and season. METHODS: For this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, investigators from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela recruited 6-to-13-week-old healthy infants...
April 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437376/organizational-issues-structure-and-processes-of-care-in-257-icus-in-latin-america-a-study-from-the-latin-america-intensive-care-network
#4
Elisa Estenssoro, Leyla Alegría, Gastón Murias, Gilberto Friedman, Ricardo Castro, Nicolas Nin Vaeza, Cecilia Loudet, Alejandro Bruhn, Manuel Jibaja, Gustavo Ospina-Tascon, Fernando Ríos, Flavia R Machado, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Arnaldo Dubin, F Javier Hurtado, Arturo Briva, Carlos Romero, Guillermo Bugedo, Jan Bakker, Maurizio Cecconi, Luciano Azevedo, Glenn Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Latin America bears an important burden of critical care disease, yet the information about it is scarce. Our objective was to describe structure, organization, processes of care, and research activities in Latin-American ICUs. DESIGN: Web-based survey submitted to ICU directors. SETTINGS: ICUs located in nine Latin-American countries. SUBJECTS: Individual ICUs. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-seven of 498 (52%) of submitted surveys responded: 51% from Brazil, 17% Chile, 13% Argentina, 6% Ecuador, 5% Uruguay, 3% Colombia, and 5% between Mexico, Peru, and Paraguay...
April 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435386/more-new-records-of-spider-wasps-from-colombia-hymenoptera-pompilidae
#5
Cecilia Waichert, Fernando Fernández, Valentina Castro-Huertas, Juanita Rodriguez, James P Pitts
Aporinellus Banks, Austrochares Banks and Dicranoplius Haupt are new generic records for Colombia, as well as the species Dipogon ariel Banks, Evagetes peruana Banks, and Euplaniceps notabilis (Smith). Five new combinations are formally endorsed: Aimatocare argentinica (Banks), comb. n.; Aimatocare longula (Banks), comb. n.; Aimatocare imitator (Evans), comb. n.; Aimatocare impensa (Evans), comb. n.; Aimatocare vitrea (Fox), comb. n. Although these names have been used in Pompilidae, no formal nomenclatural act had been proposed...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434897/epidemiology-of-polyomavirus-bk-bkv-and-the-emergent-african-variant-in-kidney-and-bone-marrow-transplant-recipients-in-the-fundacion-valle-del-lili-in-cali-colombia
#6
Luz Ángela Ocampo, Fernando Rosso, Robinson Pacheco, Adriana Villegas
To describe the epidemiology of BKV and to assess the presence of the African variant in bone marrow and kidney transplant patients who have suspected BKV reactivation. A descriptive study was conducted, using institutional records, at the Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali-Colombia. The overall prevalence of BKV during the study period was 51%. The African variant was identified in 49.4% of samples that were positive for BKV. 50.6% of the samples were found to have the wild strain of BKV. Among BKV positive patients, 57% were kidney transplant recipients and 43% were bone marrow transplant recipients...
April 6, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433485/in-hospital-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#7
R Zubieta-Rodríguez, J Gómez-Correa, R Rodríguez-Amaya, K A Ariza-Mejia, N A Toloza-Cuta
INTRODUCTION: Cirrhosis of the liver is known for its high risk of mortality associated with episodes of acute decompensation. There is an even greater risk in patients that present with acute-on-chronic liver failure. The identification of patients at higher risk for adverse outcomes can aid in making the clinical decisions that will improve the prognosis for these patients. AIMS: To determine in-hospital mortality and evaluate the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients with cirrhosis of the liver seen at a tertiary referral hospital...
April 19, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432878/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-to-vancomycin-daptomycin-linezolid-and-tedizolid
#8
Johanna Marcela Vanegas Múnera, Ana María Ocampo Ríos, Daniela Montoya Urrego, Judy Natalia Jiménez Quiceno
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-positive infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus remains as a clinical challenge due to emergence of new resistance mechanisms. Tedizolid is a next-generation oxazolidinone, recently approved for skin and soft tissues infections. We conducted a study to determine in vitro susceptibility to vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, and tedizolid in MRSA clinical isolates from adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methicillin-resistant S...
April 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432628/design-of-water-quality-monitoring-networks-with-two-information-scenarios-in-tropical-andean-basins
#9
Juan Carlos Bastidas, Jorge Julián Vélez, Jeannette Zambrano, Adela Londoño
Design and redesign of water quality monitoring networks were evaluated for two similarly sized watersheds in the tropical Andes via optimization techniques using geographic information system technology (GIS) and a matter-element analysis of 5-day biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and total suspended solids (TSS). This resulted in a flexible, objectively based design for a 1128-km(2) watershed without prior water quality data (La Miel River), and a network redesign of a 1052-km(2) watershed with historical water quality monitoring (Chinchiná River)...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421800/prevalencia-y-factores-asociados-al-consumo-de-bebidas-azucaradas-en-escolares-de-9-a-17-a%C3%A3-os-de-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-estudio-fuprecol
#10
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Juan Camilo Fuerte-Celis, Javier Martínez-Torres, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al consumo de bebidas azucaradas en una población escolar de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al Estudio FUPRECOL.Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal, realizado en 8.136 niños y adolescentes en edad escolar entre 9 y 17 años de Bogotá, Colombia. El peso, la estatura, el índice de masa corporal (IMC), la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa se recogieron como marcadores antropométricos y de composición corporal. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas (bebidas carbonatadas, jugos ultra-procesados y/o té), y los factores asociados (sexo, edad, obesidad abdominal, clasificación del IMC, grado de estudios de la madre/padre, y nivel nutricional por cuestionario "Krece plus" indicador de adherencia a la dieta mediterránea), se recogieron por encuesta estructurada...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421550/distribution-genetic-diversity-and-potential-spatiotemporal-scale-of-alien-gene-flow-in-crop-wild-relatives-of-rice-oryza-spp-in-colombia
#11
Evert Thomas, Eduardo Tovar, Carolina Villafañe, José Leonardo Bocanegra, Rodrigo Moreno
BACKGROUND: Crop wild relatives (CWRs) of rice hold important traits that can contribute to enhancing the ability of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa and O. glaberrima) to produce higher yields, cope with the effects of climate change, and resist attacks of pests and diseases, among others. However, the genetic resources of these species remain dramatically understudied, putting at risk their future availability from in situ and ex situ sources. Here we assess the distribution of genetic diversity of the four rice CWRs known to occur in Colombia (O...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420332/genetic-diversity-of-elaeis-oleifera-hbk-cortes-populations-using-cross-species-ssrs-implication-s-for-germplasm-utilization-and-conservation
#12
Maizura Ithnin, Chee-Keng Teh, Wickneswari Ratnam
BACKGROUND: The Elaeis oleifera genetic materials were assembled from its center of diversity in South and Central America. These materials are currently being preserved in Malaysia as ex situ living collections. Maintaining such collections is expensive and requires sizable land. Information on the genetic diversity of these collections can help achieve efficient conservation via maintenance of core collection. For this purpose, we have applied fourteen unlinked microsatellite markers to evaluate 532 E...
April 19, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420067/kidney-transplantation-for-end-stage-renal-disease-in-lupus-nephritis-a-very-safe-procedure-a-single-latin-american-transplant-center-experience
#13
J Naranjo-Escobar, E Manzi, J G Posada, L Mesa, G J Echeverri, C Duran, J Schweneiberg, L A Caicedo, J I Villegas, G J Tobón
Background Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most frequent complications of SLE and occurs in up to 50% of cases depending on the studied population. Of these, approximately 20% progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), with the treatment of choice being a kidney transplant. Objective The objective of this study was to describe the clinical outcome of patients transplanted due to LN, compared with patients transplanted for other causes, in a Latin American population from the Fundación Valle del Lili in Cali, Colombia...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419464/a-new-species-of-chrysobrycon-characiformes-characidae-stevardiinae-from-the-amazon-river-basin-in-colombia-with-a-new-diagnostic-characteristic-for-the-genus
#14
J A Vanegas-Ríos, A Urbano-Bonilla
Chrysobrycon mojicai sp. nov. is described from forest streams that are part of the Amazon River basin in Colombia. It is distinguished from all congeners by having most of the maxillary teeth with distal tips lateroventrally curved (v. teeth straight along their lengths) and a greater number of dentary teeth (20-27 v. 11-19, except in Chrysobrycon yoliae). The posterior margin of the ventral process of the quadrate does not reach the vertical through the posterior margin of the symplectic and these features differentiate C...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#15
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
April 13, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417876/insulin-resistance-and-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-colombian-mestizo-and-embera-cham%C3%A3-populations-and-their-relation-with-adiposity-degree
#16
María Antonieta Caro-Gomez, Andrés Naranjo-González, María Victoria Parra-Marín, Natalia Gallego-Lopera, Diana María Valencia, Diana Carolina Rúa-Molina, Javier Rosique-Gracia, Andres Felipe García-Pineda, Luis Felipe Gómez-Isaza, Norman Diego Pizano-Ramírez, Edgar Gerardo Arcos, Alberto Villegas-Perrasse, Julieta Duque-Botero, Gabriel Bedoya-Berrío
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) is a condition favored by metabolic and endocrine changes experienced by adipose tissue in the context of obesity. The prevalence and the presentation of both IR and obesity vary among the populations, and may be affected by ancestral genetic composition among other factors. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of IR and obesity in Amerindians of the Embera-Chamí ethnicity and Colombian mestizo population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A sample of 630 individuals, 471 mestizos and 159 Amerindians of the Embera-Chamí ethnicity, from the general population of Colombia were studied...
April 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417184/comparison-of-epidemiology-of-the-injuries-and-outcomes-in-two-first-level-trauma-centers-in-colombia-using-the-pan-american-trauma-registry-system
#17
Anu Ramachandran, Anju Ranjit, Cheryl K Zogg, Juan P Herrera-Escobar, Jessica R Appelson, Luis F Pino, Michel B Aboutanous, Adil H Haider, Carlos A Ordonez
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the epidemiology of traumatic injuries and mortality outcomes between two tertiary-care trauma centers in Colombia using data from Pan-American Trauma Registry (PATR). METHODS: January 1-December 31, 2012, data from the Hospital Universitario del Valle (HUV, public) and Fundacion Valle del Lili (FVL, private) in Cali, Colombia, were considered. Differences in demographic and clinical information were compared using descriptive statistics...
April 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414851/-bilingual-guides-a-strategy-to-decrease-cultural-barriers-to-health-care-access-in-the-wayuu-communities-of-maicao-colombia
#18
Sandra Yaneth Patiño-Londoño, Javier Mignone, Diana María Castro-Arroyave, Natalia Gómez Valencia, Carlos Alberto Rojas Arbeláez
The article examines the use of bilingual guides to decrease cultural barriers to health care access in the Wayuu indigenous communities of Colombia. Within a larger project on HIV carried out between 2012 and 2014, 24 interviews were conducted with key actors in the administrative and health areas, including Wayuu bilingual guides. As a result of the qualitative analysis, the study identified three cultural barriers to health care access: a) language; b) the Wayuu worldview regarding the body, health, and illness; and c) information about sexual and reproductive health and HIV not adapted to the Wayuu culture...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413845/carbon-uptake-by-mature-amazon-forests-has-mitigated-amazon-nations-carbon-emissions
#19
Oliver L Phillips, Roel J W Brienen
BACKGROUND: Several independent lines of evidence suggest that Amazon forests have provided a significant carbon sink service, and also that the Amazon carbon sink in intact, mature forests may now be threatened as a result of different processes. There has however been no work done to quantify non-land-use-change forest carbon fluxes on a national basis within Amazonia, or to place these national fluxes and their possible changes in the context of the major anthropogenic carbon fluxes in the region...
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411523/doctors-experience-of-coordination-across-care-levels-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-public-healthcare-networks-of-six-latin-american-countries
#20
María-Luisa Vázquez, Ingrid Vargas, Irene Garcia-Subirats, Jean-Pierre Unger, Pierre De Paepe, Amparo Susana Mogollón-Pérez, Isabella Samico, Pamela Eguiguren, Angelica-Ivonne Cisneros, Adriana Huerta, María-Cecilia Muruaga, Fernando Bertolotto
Improving coordination between primary care (PC) and secondary care (SC) has become a policy priority in recent years for many Latin American public health systems looking to reinforce a healthcare model based on PC. However, despite being a longstanding concern, it has scarcely been analyzed in this region. This paper analyses the level of clinical coordination between PC and SC experienced by doctors and explores influencing factors in public healthcare networks of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay...
April 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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