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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332686/no-evidence-for-an-epidemiological-transition-in-sleep-patterns-among-children-a-12-country-study
#1
Taru Manyanga, Joel D Barnes, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between socioeconomic status (SES; household income and parental education) and objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency, and bedtime) among children from around the world and explore how the relationships differ across country levels of human development. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study from sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Finland, India, Kenya, Portugal, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331282/development-testing-and-implementation-of-a-training-curriculum-for-nonphysician-health-workers-to-reduce-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Maheer Khan, Pablo Lamelas, Hadi Musa, Jared Paty, Tara McCready, Robby Nieuwlaat, Eleonor Ng, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo, Jose Lopez-Lopez, Khalid Yusoff, Fadhlina A Majid, Kien Keat Ng, Len Garis, Oyere Onuma, Salim Yusuf, Jon-David Schwalm
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The need to address CVD is greatest in low- and middle-income countries where there is a shortage of trained health workers in CVD detection, prevention, and control. OBJECTIVES: Based on the growing evidence that many elements of chronic disease management can be shifted to nonphysician health care workers (NPHW), the HOPE-4 (Heart Outcomes Prevention and Evaluation Program) aimed to develop, test, and implement a training curriculum on CVD prevention and control in Colombia, Malaysia, and low-resource settings in Canada...
January 10, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330667/diversity-and-phenology-of-wild-bees-in-a-highly-disturbed-tropical-dry-forest-desierto-de-la-tatacoa-huila-colombia
#3
C A Poveda-Coronel, D Riaño-Jiménez, J R Cure
Colombian tropical dry forest is considered the most endangered tropical biome due to anthropic activities. Desierto de la Tatacoa (DsT) is an example of high disturbed tropical dry forest which still maintains a high biodiversity. The objective of the study was to record the diversity and phenology of wild bees in this place by monthly sampling between December 2014 and December 2016 in a 9-km2 area. During the study, there was a prolonged El Niño-Southern Oscillation period. Bees were collected by entomological nets, malaise traps, eugenol scent trapping, and nest traps...
January 12, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320544/diversity-patterns-leishmania-dna-detection-and-bloodmeal-identification-of-phlebotominae-sand-flies-in-villages-in-northern-colombia
#4
Camila González, Cielo León, Andrea Paz, Marla López, Gisell Molina, Diana Toro, Mario Ortiz, Juan Manuel Cordovez, María Claudia Atencia, Germán Aguilera, Catalina Tovar
Leishmaniases are neglected tropical diseases exhibiting complex transmission cycles due to the number of parasite species circulating, sand fly species acting as vectors and infected mammals, including humans, which are defined in the New World as accidental hosts. However, current transmission scenarios are changing, and the disease is no longer exclusively related to forested areas but urban transmission foci occur, involving some species of domestic animals as suspected reservoirs. The aim of this study was to determine the transmission cycles in urban environments by evaluating sand fly diversity, detection of Leishmania DNA, and bloodmeal sources through intra and peridomestic collections...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311035/the-reality-of-disability-multidimensional-poverty-of-people-with-disabled-and-their-families-in-latin-america
#5
Mónica Pinilla-Roncancio
BACKGROUND: Disability and poverty are interconnected and although this relationship has been recognised, there is a lack of empirical evidence to support any possible causal relationship in this topic, particularly in the context of Latin America (LA). HYPOTHESIS: This study tests the hypothesis "Disability increases the risk of multidimensional poverty of people living with disabilities and their families". METHODS: Using national census data from Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico, the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (Global MPI) was calculated with the aim of measuring and comparing the levels of multidimensional poverty of people living in households with and without disabled members in the five countries...
December 30, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310595/potential-of-dosr-and-rpf-antigens-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-to-discriminate-between-latent-and-active-tuberculosis-in-a-tuberculosis-endemic-population-of-medellin-colombia
#6
Leonar Arroyo, Diana Marín, Kees L M C Franken, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Luis F Barrera
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases. One-third to one-fourth of the human population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) without showing clinical symptoms, a condition called latent TB infection (LTBI). Diagnosis of Mtb infection is based on the immune response to a mixture of mycobacterial antigens (PPD) or to Mtb specific ESAT-6/CFP10 antigens (IGRA), highly expressed during the initial phase of infection. However, the immune response to PPD and IGRA antigens has a low power to discriminate between LTBI and PTB...
January 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305595/frequency-analysis-of-the-g-7081t-g-a-and-g-10872t-g-polymorphisms-in-the-fcgr3a-gene-cd16a-using-nested-pcr-and-their-functional-specific-effects
#7
Camilo Andrés Pérez-Romero, Isaura Pilar Sánchez, Laura Naranjo-Piedrahita, Julio Cesar Orrego-Arango, Carlos Enrique Muskus-López, Winston Rojas-Montoya, Jose Luis Franco Restrepo, Claudia Milena Trujillo-Vargas
Polymorphic variants p.66L>R/H (g.7081T>G/A; rs10127939) and p.176F>V (g.10872T>G; rs396991) in FCGR3A (CD16A) have been associated with defects in cytotoxic function of natural killer (NK) cells in humans. Genotyping of these variants in genomic DNA has been ambiguous because of high degree of homology between FCGR3A and FCGR3B. We designed a strategy to genotype these polymorphisms and to evaluate their effects on NK cells' cytotoxic activity. One hundred and fifteen individuals from different geographical regions of Colombia were included...
January 5, 2018: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305232/comparison-of-different-maximal-oxygen-uptake-equations-to-discriminate-the-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jorge Mota, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of 8 different maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) equations to discriminate between low and high cardiometabolic risk, and to determine cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) cutoffs associated with a more favorable cardiometabolic risk profile in Colombian children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional study, CRF was estimated using the 20-m shuttle run test in 2870 schoolchildren (54.5% girls) from Bogota, Colombia. We computed a metabolic syndrome score (MetScore) as the sum of the age- and sex-standardized scores of waist circumference, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301169/primary-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-due-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-a-previously-healthy-child
#9
Samuel Rosas, Daniel Rosas, Valentina Múnera Orozco, Manuela Parra Cardona, Chukwuweike Gwam, Simon Pedro Aristizabal
Pediatric septic arthritis can be a devastating disease. Often, the diagnosis can be challenging as autoimmune and infectious causes may present in a similar fashion. Thus, we present the case of a five-year-old male patient, from the Pacific coast of Colombia, with chronic morning knee pain and stiffness thought to be caused by an autoimmune disease. He presented with a mild effusion of the left knee, a flexed posture, and limited extension to 25°. Inflammatory markers demonstrated an infectious pattern. Autoimmune markers were negative...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294970/evaluation-of-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-violence-against-children-in-colombia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ane-Marthe Solheim Skar, Lorraine Sherr, Ana Macedo, Stephen von Tetzchner, Knut Inge Fostervold
The effects of the International Child Development Programme (ICDP) and the specific addition of a violence prevention module were observed in a preidentified population in Colombia where children are experiencing high levels of violence. Participants were 176 parents of 3- to 4-year-olds attending child centers who were randomly allocated to one of three conditions: organized Community Activities at child centers and ICDP (CA + ICDP), CA, ICDP, and a preventive Violence Curriculum (CA + ICDP + VC), or a comparison group with only CA...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294673/crime-victimization-and-suicidal-ideation-among-colombian-college-students-the-role-of-depressive-symptoms-familism-and-social-support
#11
Martha I Zapata Roblyer, Sonia Betancourth Zambrano
Crime victimization is one of the most pressing public health concerns in Latin America. Young people in the region are at particularly high risk of victimization. The present study examined exposure to crime victimization as a risk factor for depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation, and the protective effects of familism and social support in a community sample of Colombian college students. Data ( N = 424) came from the Juventud Project (The Emergent Adults Project), a cross-sectional study of college students, 18 to 29 years old ( M = 20...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288739/mapping-the-residual-incidence-of-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis-in-colombia-2009-2013-using-geographical-information-systems-implications-in-public-health-and-travel-medicine
#12
Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, María Camila Yepes-Echeverri, Wilmer F Acevedo-Mendoza, Hamilton A Marín-Rincón, Carlos Culquichicón, Esteban Parra-Valencia, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Ana Flisser
BACKGROUND: In Colombia, taeniasis and cysticercosis have been significantly reduced over the past decades, however still reported with implications for public health and travel medicine. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study, in which the incidence of taeniasis and cysticercosis (ICD-10 codes B68s/B69s) in Colombia, 2009-2013, was estimated based on data extracted from the Individual Health Records System (Registro Individual de Prestación de Servicios, RIPS) was performed...
December 27, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283089/epidemiology-of-renal-cancer-in-developing-countries-review-of-the-literature
#13
Mauricio Medina-Rico, Hugo López Ramos, Manuel Lobo, Jorge Romo, Juan Guillermo Prada
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the ninth most common cancer in men, and the 14th most common cancer in women. It has been reported that the incidence of RCC is rising. These changes are more common in developed countries because of better screening programs and disease registry. The aim of this article is to review the epidemiology of RCC around the world. METHODS: A literature review on four databases was performed: PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, and Scielo...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281496/study-of-the-occurrence-and-ecosystem-danger-of-selected-endocrine-disruptors-in-the-urban-water-cycle-of-the-city-of-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#14
Diego F Bedoya-Ríos, Jaime A Lara-Borrero, Verónica Duque-Pardo, Carlos A Madera-Parra, Eliana M Jimenez, Andrés F Toro
Endocrine disruptors have been studied for their high occurrence in different environments including aquatic; however, in the context of developing countries, their occurrence, magnitude and potential threat have little information. This study involved the analysis of various components of the urban water cycle in the city of Bogotá, Colombia. As a result, it was found that the compounds with the highest occurrence are plasticizers such as phthalates and bisphenol A, whereas among the drugs, carbamazepine presented the highest concentrations (0...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280649/waist-to-height-ratio-and-its-relation-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children-from-bucaramanga-colombia
#15
Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Clara Lucía Domínguez Urrego, Doris Cristina Quintero Lesmes
BACKGROUND: Currently, the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) has emerged as a practical and useful indicator for identifying cardiometabolic risk in child and adolescent population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the WHtR and cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) in a cohort of children in Bucaramanga, Colombia. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study. Child population between 6-10 years old from Bucaramanga (n = 1,282). Dependent variables: hypertension, pre-hypertension, overweight/obesity, impaired glucose, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280300/situation-analysis-of-procurement-and-production-of-multiple-micronutrient-supplements-in-12-lower-and-upper-middle-income-countries
#16
Eva C Monterrosa, Kalpana Beesabathuni, Kesso G van Zutphen, Georg Steiger, Roland Kupka, Alison Fleet, Klaus Kraemer
Globally, there are few vitamin and mineral ingredient manufacturers. To support local, in-country or regional procurement and production of multiple micronutrient supplements (MMS), the following production scenarios are possible: (a) straight ingredients of vitamins and minerals forms imported or locally produced that are mixed, tableted, or encapsulated and packaged by a local manufacturer; (b) import or local production of a vitamin and minerals premix that is tableted or encapsulated and packaged locally; (c) import of a bulk, finished product (tablets or capsules) that is packaged and branded; and (d) or import of a branded packaged product...
December 26, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279084/spatial-temporal-and-phylogeographic-characterization-of-trypanosoma-spp-in-cattle-bos-taurus-and-buffaloes-bubalus-bubalis-reveals-transmission-dynamics-of-these-parasites-in-colombia
#17
Jeiczon Jaimes-Dueñez, Omar Triana-Chávez, Ana M Mejía-Jaramillo
Animal Trypanosomiasis (AT) is one of the most important problems in the Colombian livestock industry reducing its production around 30%. Caribbean and Orinoquia regions play a significant role in the development of this industry, having about 6.9 million cattle and 113,000 buffaloes. Considering the paucity in studies to understand the epidemiological features and control of AT in Colombia, the present study reports the seasonal transmission patterns and phylogeographic traits of the causal agents of AT in cattle and buffaloes from these regions...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278903/reach-of-spanish-language-youtube-videos-on-physical-examinations-for-medical-education
#18
José M Ramos-Rincón, Isabel Belinchón-Romero, Francisco Sánchez-Ferrer, Guillermo Martínez-de la Torre, Meggan Harris, Javier Sánchez-Fernández
To evaluate the performance and reach of YouTube videos performed by Spanish university students on physical examination. We analyzed performance metrics for four videos on physical examinations in Spanish, created by medical students at Miguel Hernández University (Elche, Spain) and available on YouTube: on the head and neck (7:30), the cardiovascular system (7:38), the respiratory system (13:54), and the abdomen (11:10). We used the Analytics application offered by the YouTube platform, analyzing the reach of the videos from the date of upload (17 February 2015) to 28 July 2017 (2 years, 5 months and 11 days)...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277685/cardiac-rhythm-and-pacemaking-abnormalities-in-patients-affected-by-endemic-pemphigus-in-colombia-may-be-a-result-of-deposition-of-autoantibodies-complement-fibrinogen-and-other-molecules
#19
Ana Maria Abreu Velez, Michael S Howard, Jorge Enrique Velazquez-Velez
BACKGROUND: We showed that one third of the patients affected by endemic pemphigus foliaceus in El Bagre, Colombia (El Bagre-EPF) display autoreactivity to the heart. OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate rhythm disturbances with presence of autoantibodies and correlate them with electrocardiographic changes in these patients. METHODS: We performed a study comparing 30 patients and 30 controls from the endemic area, matched by demographics including age, sex and weight; work activities, comorbidities, among other variables...
December 22, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277527/high-excess-costs-of-infections-caused-by-carbapenem-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-in-an-endemic-region
#20
Carlos Andrés Vargas-Alzate, Luis Felipe Higuita-Gutiérrez, Lucelly López López, Astrid Vanessa Cienfuegos Gallet, Judy Natalia Jiménez Quiceno
BACKGROUND: The financial burden of antibiotic resistance is a serious concern worldwide. The aim of this study is to describe the excess costs associated with pneumonia, bacteremia, surgical site infections and intra-abdominal infections caused by carbapenem-resistant gram-negative bacilli in Medellín, Colombia, an endemic region for carbapenem resistance. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in a third level hospital from 2014 to 2015. All patients with carbapenem-resistant and carbapenem-susceptible gram-negative bacteria infections were included...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
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