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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785181/on-using-a-mobile-application-to-support-teledermatology-a-case-study-in-an-underprivileged-area-in-colombia
#1
Juan Pablo Sáenz, Mónica Paola Novoa, Darío Correal, Bell Raj Eapen
Background: The use of mobile applications in dermatology to support remote diagnosis is gaining acceptance, particularly in rural areas, where dermatology services are commonly managed by healthcare personnel with no specialty training. Moreover, ontologies-sets of concepts that represent knowledge in a given domain-are increasingly being used to support medical diagnosis. A specific case is ONTODerm: an ontology to aid dermatological diagnosis. However, there is little information on the combined use of mobile applications and ontologies as support solutions in dermatology...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784859/igg-responses-to-the-plasmodium-falciparum-antigen-var2csa-in-colombia-are-restricted-to-pregnancy-and-are-not-induced-by-exposure-to-p-vivax
#2
Mary Lopez-Perez, Mads Delbo Larsen, Rafael Bayarri-Olmos, Paulina Ampomah, Liz Stevenson, Myriam Arévalo-Herrera, Sócrates Herrera, Lars Hviid
Clinical immunity to malaria is associated with acquisition of IgG specific for members of the Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) family of clonally variant antigens on the surface of infected erythrocytes (IEs). The VAR2CSA subtype of PfEMP1 mediates IE binding in the placenta. VAR2CSA-specific IgG is normally acquired only after exposure to placental parasites. However, it was recently reported that men and children from Colombia often have high levels of functional VAR2CSA-specific IgG...
May 21, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782427/clinical-profile-of-levamisole-adulterated-cocaine-induced-vasculitis-vasculopathy-a-30-case-series
#3
Carlos Horacio Muñoz-Vahos, Sebastián Herrera-Uribe, Álvaro Arbeláez-Cortés, Daniel Jaramillo-Arroyave, Luis Alonso González-Naranjo, Gloria Vásquez-Duque, Mauricio Restrepo-Escobar, Luis Alfonso Correa-Londoño, Luis Fernando Arias-Restrepo, Adriana Lucía Vanegas-García
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe clinical and laboratory manifestations of patients with levamisole-adulterated cocaine-induced vasculitis/vasculopathy and to propose a skin classification according to the distribution and severity of lesions. METHODS: We report the characteristics of 30 patients admitted with levamisole-adulterated cocaine-induced vasculitis/vasculopathy in 4 high-complexity institutions in Colombia, from December 2010 to May 2017...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780019/parasitic-infections-in-individuals-travelling-to-america-and-precautionary-measures
#4
Mehmet Aykur, Muhammet Karakavuk, Ayşegül Ünver, Hande Dağcı
Over the past decade, the number of international travels has increased. Hence, the risk of transmission of parasitic diseases has also increased. One of the risk infections is malaria; Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum species can be transmitted. The distribution of leishmaniasis cases has been reported from the south of USA to the north of Argentina. Approximately 57,000 cases of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis occur annually, and approximately 4000 visceral leishmaniasis cases are observed. It is reported that Chagas disease is endemic in 21 countries, and approximately 6 million people are affected every year...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778966/assessment-of-human-health-risk-associated-with-methylmercury-in-the-imported-fish-marketed-in-the-caribbean
#5
Fabio Fuentes-Gandara, Claudia Herrera-Herrera, José Pinedo-Hernández, José Marrugo-Negrete, Sergi Díez
The decline in marine and freshwaters catches in recent years in Colombia has led to a change in dietary habits, with an increase in the purchase and consumption of imported fish. This is of particular concern as fish are sometimes caught in mercury-contaminated waters, and are subsequently sold canned or uncanned. In addition, canned tuna has received little attention as it is widely assumed that concentrations are low. In this study, total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations were evaluated in three imported fish species marketed in Colombia, Prochilodus lineatus, Prochilodus reticulatus, and Pangasianodon hypophthalmus, plus four brands of canned tuna and one of sardines...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775680/assessing-the-effects-of-daily-commuting-in-two-patch-dengue-dynamics-a-case-study-of-cali-colombia
#6
Edwin Barrios, Sunmi Lee, Olga Vasilieva
There are many infectious diseases that can be spread by daily commuting of people and dengue fever is one of them. The absence of vaccine and irregularities in ongoing vector control programs make this disease the most frequent and persistent in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This paper targets to access the effects of daily commuting on dengue transmission dynamics by using a deterministic two-patch model fitted to observed data gathered in Cali, Colombia where dengue fever is highly persistent and exhibits endemo-epidemic patterns...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773419/a-changing-etiologic-scenario-in-liver-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-multicenter-cohort-study-from-latin-america
#7
Federico Piñero, Paulo Costa, Yuri Longatto Boteon, Sergio Hoyos Duque, Sebastian Marciano, Margarita Anders, Adriana Varón, Alina Zerega, Jaime Poniachik, Alejandro Soza, Martín Padilla Machaca, Josemaría Menéndez, Rodrigo Zapata, Mario Vilatoba, Linda Muñoz, Martín Maraschio, Luis G Podestá, Lucas McCormack, Adrian Gadano, Ilka S F Fatima Boin, Parente García, Marcelo Silva
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasing cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver transplantation (LT). Our study focused on changing trends of liver related HCC etiologies during the last years in Latin America. METHODS: From a cohort of 2761 consecutive adult LT patients between 2005 and 2012 in 17 different centers, 435 with HCC were included. Different periods including years 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 were considered...
May 14, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768993/levels-of-coercive-control-differentiate-between-groups-of-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-colombia
#8
Ana L Jaramillo-Sierra, Luz A Carvajal-Villalobos
The authors used Johnson's typology of intimate partner violence (IPV) to examine groupings of women experiencing physical violence within their intimate relationships according to coercive control levels. Analyses were conducted using data from the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. In particular, the authors used a subsample of 12,237 ever-married (or cohabitating) women between the ages of 14 and 49 years, who reported at least one experience of physical violence. Exploratory and confirmatory cluster analyses demonstrated a good fit for a two-cluster solution based on coercive-control levels...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768670/patients-affected-by-a-new-variant-of-endemic-pemphigus-foliaceus-have-autoantibodies-colocalizing-with-myzap-p0071-desmoplakins-1-2-and-arvcf-causing-renal-damage
#9
A M Abreu-Velez, M S Howard, H Yi, A A Florez-Vargas
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that about 30% of patients affected by a new variant of endemic pemphigus foliaceus (EPF) in El Bagre, Colombia (termed El Bagre-EPF or pemphigus Abreu-Manu) have systemic compromise. In the current study, we focused on studying autoreactivity to the kidney and its pathological correlations. AIM: To investigate patients with El Bagre-EPF for renal compromise. METHODS: We performed a case-control study, enrolling 57 patients with El Bagre-EPF and 57 controls from the endemic area, matched by age, sex, race, work activity, demographics and comorbidities...
May 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768525/effects-of-a-food-enriched-with-probiotics-on-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-spp-salivary-counts-in-preschool-children-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Judy Villavicencio, Lina Maria Villegas, Maria Cristina Arango, Susana Arias, Francia Triana
Probiotics have provided benefits to general health, but they are still insufficient to dental health. This study aimed to evaluate milk supplemented with probiotic bacteria and standard milk, measured by levels of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus spp., in 3-4-year-old children after 9 months of intervention. The study was a triple-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. The sample was composed of 363 preschoolers attending five child development centers in Cali, Colombia. They were randomized to two groups: children in the intervention group drank 200 mL of milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 5x106 and Bifidobacteruim longum 3x106, and children in the control group drank 200 mL of standard milk...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767915/meaning-of-parenting-as-a-teenager
#11
Carolina Antolinez Figueroa, Carlos Julio Saavedra Cantor, Ana Helena Puerto Guerrero, Carol Margeth Calderón Romero
OBJECTIVES: Describe the meaning of parenting as a teenager. METHODS: Study of the qualitative approach with phenomenological approach in the fourth village of San Cristobal (Bogotá, Colombia). The information was obtained by means of semi-structed interviews, participant observation, photos, daily and focal groups field. The information analysis was performed using the phenomenological method of Amadeo Giorgi. RESULTS: The meaning of their parenthood in the adolescents revealed five units of sense: emotional ambivalence, paternity as a process of learning, changes in lifestyle, making a life project and support networks...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767905/virtual-health-library-in-nursing-for-colombia-a-new-scientific-communication-portal
#12
EDITORIAL
Wilson Cañon-Montañez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767772/illicit-cigarette-trade-in-five-south-american-countries-a-gap-analysis-for-argentina-brazil-chile-colombia-and-peru
#13
Guillermo Paraje
Introduction: Due to its nature, it is very hard to measure tobacco illicit trade in any product. In the case of Latin American countries, there is scant information on the magnitude and characteristics of this trade in the case of cigarettes. The goal of this article is to provide estimates on the evolution of the illicit cigarette trade in five South American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru. Methods: Gap analysis estimates for cigarette tax evasion/avoidance (a comparison on the evolution of the difference between registered cigarette sales and measured population consumption) is developed for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764170/all-with-you-a-new-method-for-developing-compassionate-communities-experiences-in-spain-and-latin-america
#14
Silvia Librada Flores, Emilio Herrera Molina, Jaime Boceta Osuna, Rafael Mota Vargas, María Nabal Vicuña
BACKGROUND: In recent years, compassion has motivated the development of programs oriented to create communities and societies involved in the relief of suffering. The development of compassionate communities and cities begins in each one of us, though it relies on organizations, providers and societies as a whole who need tools and methodologies as a part of a set of actions to help compassionate communities and cities to become a reality rooted widely in social values. In order to describe the "All with You®" methodology and its components: a method designed to develop compassionate communities and cities at the end of life that can be extended to organizations, communities, municipalities, cities or countries...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761739/efficacy-safety-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-receiving-subcutaneous-igg-treatment-experience-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#15
María Claudia Ortega-López, Javier Garay, Mónica León Pinilla
AIM: Investigate efficacy, safety and quality of life of gammanorm® 16.5% (subcutaneous immunoglobulin [SCIG]) in patients with primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) and safety and to lesser extent efficacy in autoimmune diseases. PATIENTS & METHODS: Medical records were extracted from 31 pediatric and 12 adult patients who received SCIG as part of the Personalized Program at University Children's Hospital, Bogotá, Colombia. RESULTS: Mean SCIG dose was 28...
May 15, 2018: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757524/mosquito-diptera-culicidae-grouping-based-on-larval-habitat-characteristics-in-high-mountain-ecosystems-of-antioquia-colombia
#16
Doris Rosero-García, Guillermo Rúa-Uribe, Margarita M Correa, Jan E Conn, Sandra Uribe-Soto
Information about mosquito ecology in the high mountain ecosystems of the Neotropical region is sparse. In general, few genera and species have been reported in these ecosystems and there is no information available on habitats and the mosquitoes occupying them. In the present study, specimens collected from NW Colombia in HME were grouped using larval habitat data via an Operational Taxonomic Unit (OTU) determination. A total of 719 mosquitoes was analyzed belonging to 44 OTUs. The analysis considered habitat features and clustered the specimens into six groups from A-F...
June 2018: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752923/video-compared-to-conversational-contraceptive-counseling-during-labor-and-maternity-hospitalization-in-colombia-a-randomized-trial
#17
Alyssa R Hersh, Luisa F Muñoz, Mónica Rincón, Carolina Alvarez, Jorge E Tolosa, Diva J Moreno, Martha Rubio, Juan C Vargas, Francisco Edna, Nelson Taborda, Maureen K Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Assess if video-based contraceptive education could be an efficient adjunct to contraceptive counseling and attain the same contraceptive knowledge acquisition as conversation-based counseling. STUDY DESIGN: This was a multi-center randomized, controlled trial examining contraceptive counseling during labor and maternity hospitalization regarding the options of immediate postpartum contraception. At two urban public hospitals, we randomized participants to a structured conversation with a trained counselor or a 14-min video providing the same information...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751838/association-between-air-pollution-and-suicide-a-time-series-analysis-in-four-colombian-cities
#18
Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Laura Andrea Rodríguez-Villamizar, Víctor Alfonso Florez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological studies have suggested that air pollution could be associated with suicide. However, other studies have criticized these results for being analytically weak and not taking into account potential confounding factors. As such, further studies examining the relationship under diverse contexts are necessary to help clarify this issue. This study explored the association between specific air pollutants (NO2 , SO2 , PM10 , PM2.5 , CO and O3 ) and suicide incidence in four Colombian cities after adjusting for climatic variables and holidays...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750828/romosozumab-frame-study-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-role-of-regional-background-fracture-risk-on-nonvertebral-fracture-outcome
#19
Felicia Cosman, Daria B Crittenden, Serge Ferrari, E Michael Lewiecki, Juan Jaller-Raad, Cristiano Zerbini, Cassandra E Milmont, Paul D Meisner, Cesar Libanati, Andreas Grauer
In the pivotal Fracture Study in Postmenopausal Women with Osteoporosis (FRAME; NCT01575834), 1 year of the bone-forming agent romosozumab significantly reduced new vertebral and clinical fracture risk versus placebo. Nonvertebral fracture risk was not significantly reduced in the overall population, influenced by a low placebo-group fracture rate, observed particularly in the highest-enrolling region of Latin America. In year 1 of FRAME, postmenopausal women with a T-score of -2.5 to -3.5 at the total hip or femoral neck were randomized to subcutaneous romosozumab 210 mg or placebo once monthly for 12 months...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750787/distributional-change-of-women-s-adult-height-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-over-the-past-half-century-an-observational-study-using-cross-sectional-survey-data
#20
Jewel Gausman, Ivan Meija Guevara, S V Subramanian, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: Adult height reflects childhood circumstances and is associated with health, longevity, and maternal-fetal outcomes. Mean height is an important population metric, and declines in height have occurred in several low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa, over the last several decades. This study examines changes at the population level in the distribution of height over time across a broad range of low- and middle-income countries during the past half century...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
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