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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636672/metabolomic-profile-and-nucleoside-composition-of-cordyceps-nidus-sp-nov-cordycipitaceae-a-new-source-of-active-compounds
#1
Juan Chiriví, Giovanna Danies, Rocio Sierra, Nicolas Schauer, Sandra Trenkamp, Silvia Restrepo, Tatiana Sanjuan
Cordyceps sensu lato is a genus of arthropod-pathogenic fungi, which have been used traditionally as medicinal in Asia. Within the genus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis is the most coveted and expensive species in China. Nevertheless, harvesting wild specimens has become a challenge given that natural populations of the fungus are decreasing and because large-scale culture of it has not yet been achieved. The worldwide demand for products derived from cultivable fungal species with medicinal properties has increased recently...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635602/preparedness-for-natural-disasters-in-colombia
#2
Joe Parkin Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632829/-advances-in-dengue-virus-research-in-colombia-the-role-of-cellular-micrornas-as-an-anti-dengue-virus-response
#3
Juan Camilo Castrillón-Betancur, Silvio Urcuqui-Inchima
Dengue is one of the most important mosquito-borne diseases, and its incidence has increased at an alarming rate in recent years, becoming a real public health problem. Currently, there is no vaccine or medication or proper treatment for dengue control. Considering this situation, it is necessary to prioritize the search for new alternatives and strategies for dengue prevention and control, in order to reduce not only the economic burden of endemic countries, but also to improve the quality of life of patients...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630631/urinalysis-and-clinical-correlations-in-patients-with-p-vivax-or-p-falciparum-malaria-from-colombia
#4
Alberto Tobón-Castaño, Sebastián Barrera Escobar, Cecilia Giraldo Castro
BACKGROUND: Urinalysis is a poorly reviewed diagnostic tool in malaria patients; its application can show the presence of severe malaria. METHODS: Urinalysis was performed in a total of 620 patients diagnosed with malaria by thick blood smear; complications were classified according to WHO major criteria for severity and minor criteria according to the Colombian malaria guideline. RESULTS: Severe or moderate clinical complications were diagnosed in 31...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#5
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630542/the-role-of-international-human-rights-norms-in-the-liberalization-of-abortion-laws-globally
#6
Johanna B Fine, Katherine Mayall, Lilian Sepúlveda
International and regional human rights norms have evolved significantly to recognize that the denial of abortion care in a range of circumstances violates women's and girls' fundamental human rights. These increasingly progressive standards have played a critical role in transforming national-level abortion laws by both influencing domestic high court decisions on abortion and serving as a critical resource in advancing law and policy reform. Courts in countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, and Nepal have directly incorporated these standards into groundbreaking cases liberalizing abortion laws and increasing women's access to safe abortion services, demonstrating the influence of these human rights standards in advancing women's reproductive freedom...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#7
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624912/sustainable-cattle-ranching-in-practice-moving-from-theory-to-planning-in-colombia-s-livestock-sector
#8
Amy M Lerner, Andrés Felipe Zuluaga, Julián Chará, Andrés Etter, Timothy Searchinger
A growing population with increasing consumption of milk and dairy require more agricultural output in the coming years, which potentially competes with forests and other natural habitats. This issue is particularly salient in the tropics, where deforestation has traditionally generated cattle pastures and other commodity crops such as corn and soy. The purpose of this article is to review the concepts and discussion associated with reconciling food production and conservation, and in particular with regards to cattle production, including the concepts of land-sparing and land-sharing...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623768/general-health-questionnaire-12-validity-in-colombia-and-factorial-equivalence-between-clinical-and-nonclinical-participants
#9
Francisco J Ruiz, Diana M García-Beltrán, Juan C Suárez-Falcón
The General Health Questionnaire - 12 (GHQ-12) is a widely used screening self-report for emotional disorders among adults. However, there is little evidence concerning the validity of the GHQ-12 in Colombia and its factorial invariance between nonclinical and clinical samples. Accordingly, the current study aims to explore the GHQ-12 validity in Colombian nonclinical and clinical samples. The GHQ-12 was administered to a total of 1641 participants, including a sample of undergraduates, one of general population, and a clinical sample...
June 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623035/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-an-adult-population-from-colombia
#10
Lorena Urbano, Eliana Portilla, Wilson Muñoz, Albert Hofman, Carlos H Sierra-Torres
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most important cause of mortality in Latin America while peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of PAD and the distribution of traditional CVD risk factors in a population from the Department of Cauca, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a total of 10,000 subjects aged ≥40 years from 36 municipalities...
June 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620649/hepatoblastoma-transplant-versus-resection-experience-in-a-latin-american-transplant-center
#11
Luis A Caicedo, Angie Sabogal, Oscar Serrano, Jorge I Villegas, Verónica Botero, María T Agudelo, Viviana Lotero, Diana Dávalos, Eliana Manzi, Ana M Aristizabal, Catalina Gomez, Gabriel J Echeverri
BACKGROUND: Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary malignant liver tumor in children and is usually diagnosed during the first 3 years of life. Overall survival has increased 50% due to chemotherapeutic schemes, expertise surgery centers, and liver transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective collection of data was performed from pediatric patients with diagnosis of hepatoblastoma. Variables included demographic, diagnostic tools and histological classification; chemotherapy and surgical treatment; and outcomes and patient survival...
June 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619671/combination-of-five-diagnostic-tests-to-estimate-the-prevalence-of-hookworm-infection-among-school-aged-children-from-a-rural-area-of-colombia
#12
Rafael E Barreto, Javier Narváez, Natalia A Sepúlveda, Fabián C Velásquez, Sandra C Díaz, Myriam Consuelo López, Patricia Reyes, Ligia I Moncada
BACKGROUND: Public health programs for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiases require valid diagnostic tests for surveillance and parasitic control evaluation. However, there is currently no agreement about what test should be used as a gold standard for the diagnosis of hookworm infection. Still, in presence of concurrent data for multiple tests it is possible to use statistical models to estimate measures of test performance and prevalence. The aim of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of five parallel tests (direct microscopic examination, Kato-Katz, Harada-Mori, modified Ritchie-Frick, and culture in agar plate) to detect hookworm infections in a sample of school-aged children from a rural area in Colombia...
June 12, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616061/penetrating-cardiac-trauma-analysis-of-240-cases-from-a-hospital-in-bogota-colombia
#13
Andres Isaza-Restrepo, Dínimo José Bolívar-Sáenz, Marcos Tarazona-Lara, José Rafael Tovar
BACKGROUND: Trauma characteristics and its management is influenced by socioeconomic context. Cardiac trauma constitutes a challenge for surgeons, and outcomes depend on multiple factors including initial care, characteristics of the wounds, and surgical management. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional case series of patients with penetrating cardiac injuries (PCI) from January 1999 to October 2009 who underwent surgery in a trauma referral center in Bogotá, Colombia...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615858/molecular-diagnosis-of-cattle-trypanosomes-in-venezuela-evidences-of-trypanosoma-evansi-and-trypanosoma-vivax-infections
#14
J R Ramírez-Iglesias, M C Eleizalde, A Reyna-Bello, M Mendoza
In South America Trypanosoma evansi has been determined by molecular methods in cattle from Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Peru, reason for which the presence of this parasite is not excluded in Venezuelan livestock. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform parasitological and molecular diagnosis of cattle trypanosomosis in small livestock units from two regions in this country. The parasitological diagnosis was carried out by MHCT and the molecular by PCR using genus-specific ITS1 primers that differentiate T...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614909/global-patterns-and-trends-in-stomach-cancer-incidence-age-period-and-birth-cohort-analysis
#15
Ganfeng Luo, Yanting Zhang, Pi Guo, Li Wang, Yuanwei Huang, Ke Li
The cases of stomach cancer (SC) incidence are increasing per year and the SC burden has remained very high in some countries. We aimed to evaluate the global geographical variation in SC incidence and temporal trends from 1978 to 2007, with an emphasis on the effect of birth cohort. Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort model were applied. From 2003 to 2007, male rate were 1.5- to 3-fold higher than female in all countries. Rates were highest in Eastern Asian and South American countries. Except for Uganda, all countries showed favorable trends...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614484/embedding-research-to-improve-program-implementation-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#16
Nhan Tran, Etienne V Langlois, Ludovic Reveiz, Ilona Varallyay, Vanessa Elias, Arielle Mancuso, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Abdul Ghaffar
In the last 10 years, implementation research has come to play a critical role in improving the implementation of already-proven health interventions by promoting the systematic uptake of research findings and other evidence-based strategies into routine practice. The Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research and the Pan American Health Organization implemented a program of embedded implementation research to support health programs in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in 2014-2015. A total of 234 applications were received from 28 countries in the Americas...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614448/seroprevalence-and-factors-associated-with-leptospira-infection-in-an-urban-district-of-cali-colombia
#17
Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Lyda Osorio, Miryam Astudillo-Hernández
Few studies have addressed Leptospira seroprevalence and risk factors in urban populations in Colombia. This study aimed to determine seroprevalence and factors associated with Leptospira infection in inhabitants of an urban district of Cali, Colombia. We collected sociodemographic and environmental data, as well as blood samples, from 353 subjects selected through a multistage cluster sampling design. We performed microagglutination test for the eight main Leptospira serogroups circulating in the region, considering a cut-off titer of ≥ 1:100...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613204/-testicular-cancer-epidemiology-in-developing-countries-review-of-the-literature
#18
Mauricio Medina-Rico, Hugo López-Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Testicular cancer (TC) is the most common cancer in men between 15 and 44 years. It has been reported that the incidence of TC is rising. The aim of this article is to determine the epidemiology of TC in Colombia. METHODS: A literature review on four databases was performed PubMed, Embase, Lilacs and Scielo. Studies of incidence, prevalence, mortality and survival of TC were taken from different countries. Studies included were published in the last 10 years...
June 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611408/phylogeography-of-petrolisthes-armatus-an-invasive-species-with-low-dispersal-ability
#19
Alexandra Hiller, Harilaos A Lessios
Theoretically, species with high population structure are likely to expand their range, because marginal populations are free to adapt to local conditions; however, meta-analyses have found a negative relation between structure and invasiveness. The crab Petrolisthes armatus has a wide native range, which has expanded in the last three decades. We sequenced 1718 bp of mitochondrial DNA from native and recently established populations to determine the population structure of the former and the origin of the latter...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611372/fuel-loads-acquired-at-a-stopover-site-influence-the-pace-of-intercontinental-migration-in-a-boreal-songbird
#20
Camila Gómez, Nicholas J Bayly, D Ryan Norris, Stuart A Mackenzie, Kenneth V Rosenberg, Philip D Taylor, Keith A Hobson, Carlos Daniel Cadena
Long-distance migratory organisms are under strong selection to migrate quickly. Stopovers demand more time than flying and are used by individuals to refuel during migration, but the effect of fuel loads (fat) acquired at stopover sites on the subsequent pace of migration has not been quantified. We studied stopover behaviour of Grey-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus) at a site in northern Colombia and then tracked their migration using an intercontinental radio-telemetry array. Tracking confirmed long-distance flights of more than 3000 km, highlighting the key importance of a single stopover site to the migration strategy of this species...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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