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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137672/the-primary-health-care-in-the-emirate-of-abu-dhabi-are-they-aligned-with-the-chronic-care-model-elements
#1
Marília Silva Paulo, Tom Loney, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the largest of the seven emirates in terms of land mass and population. Abu Dhabi emirate has three different geographical regions: the Central Capital District, the Eastern Region, and the Western Region. The health system has been regulated by the Health Authority - Abu Dhabi (HAAD), and has been provided by the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA), since 2007. The UAE has a high population-burden of morbidity and mortality related to chronic diseases...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134261/drivers-and-challenges-for-implementing-iso-14001-environmental-management-systems-in-an-emerging-gulf-arab-country
#2
Marie-France Waxin, Sandra L Knuteson, Aaron Bartholomew
Worldwide, ISO 14001 certification for organizations has become the norm, but the Arab world accounts for an insignificant portion of all the certified organizations. There is a dearth of research on environmental management systems (EMS) in Arab and emerging countries and in public organizations. The objectives of this research are to: (1) examine the key drivers and challenges related to implementation of ISO 14001 certified EMS in the United Arab Emirates, an emerging Arab country and (2) compare and contrast these drivers and challenges between private and public organizations...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124785/time-to-address-gender-inequalities-against-female-physicians
#3
Suad Hannawi, Issa Al Salmi
Although the health care system depends heavily on female physicians, it discriminates against women and tends to concentrate female physicians' work in lower status occupations. Gender discrimination has structural, social, and cultural dimensions. Such discrimination is perceived differently by various stakeholders and the public. In addition, there is reluctance to publicly acknowledge gender discrimination, especially in the culturally conservative Middle East region. Gender discrimination leads to underrepresentation of female physicians in leadership roles and certain specialties and hence leads to less attention and understanding of the working conditions of female physicians and their roles in the health care system...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118852/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-united-arab-emirates-expatriates-the-uae-national-diabetes-and-lifestyle-study
#4
Nabil Sulaiman, Salah Elbadawi, Amal Hussein, Salah Abusnana, Abdulrazzag Madani, Maisoon Mairghani, Fatheya Alawadi, Ahmad Sulaiman, Paul Zimmet, Oliver Huse, Jonathan Shaw, Anna Peeters
Objective: To describe current prevalence of obesity and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in expatriates living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: We used data from the cross-sectional UAE National Diabetes and Lifestyle Study (UAEDIAB), which surveyed adult expatriates living in the UAE for at least 4 years. We report crude prevalence of overweight and obesity, indicated by gender and ethnicity-specific body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) cut-offs, by lifestyle and biomedical characteristics, as well as age and sex-adjusted odds ratios...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116217/diversity-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronaviruses-in-109-dromedary-camels-based-on-full-genome-sequencing-abu-dhabi-united-arab-emirates
#5
Mohammed Farouk Yusof, Krista Queen, Yassir Mohammed Eltahir, Clinton R Paden, Zulaikha Mohamed Abdel Hameed Al Hammadi, Ying Tao, Yan Li, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Mang Shi, Jing Zhang, Muzammil Sayed Ahmed Elhaj Mohamed, Mahmud Hamed Abd Elaal Ahmed, Ihsaan Abdulwahab Azeez, Oum Keltoum Bensalah, Ziyada Swar Eldahab, Farida Ismail Al Hosani, Susan I Gerber, Aron J Hall, Suxiang Tong, Salama Suhail Al Muhairi
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified on the Arabian Peninsula in 2012 and is still causing cases and outbreaks in the Middle East. When MERS-CoV was first identified, the closest related virus was in bats; however, it has since been recognized that dromedary camels serve as a virus reservoir and potential source for human infections. A total of 376 camels were screened for MERS-Cov at a live animal market in the Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE. In all, 109 MERS-CoV-positive camels were detected in week 1, and a subset of positive camels were sampled again weeks 3 through 6...
November 8, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105046/nutritional-knowledge-and-habits-of-adolescents-aged-9-to-13-years-in-sharjah-united-arab-emirates-a-crosssectional-study
#6
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter
Good nutritional knowledge and behaviour among adolescents is important to avoid health problems that can continue into adulthood. This cross-sectional study aimed to provide baseline data on nutritional knowledge and eating habits of adolescents in Sharjah. Data were collected from 300 adolescents aged 9-13 years attending 4 private schools using a validated self-administered questionnaire. Most students (86%) had poor nutritional knowledge, especially in key areas: nutritional terms, what constitutes healthy snacks and foods, daily nutritional requirements and components of food (e...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104616/consumption-based-conservation-targeting-linking-biodiversity-loss-to-upstream-demand-through-a-global-wildlife-footprint
#7
Justin Kitzes, Eric Berlow, Erin Conlisk, Karlheinz Erb, Katsunori Iha, Neo Martinez, Erica A Newman, Christoph Plutzar, Adam B Smith, John Harte
Although most conservation efforts address the direct, local causes of biodiversity loss, effective long-term conservation will require complementary efforts to reduce the upstream economic pressures, such as demands for food and forest products, which ultimately drive these downstream losses. Here, we present a wildlife footprint analysis that links global losses of wild birds to consumer purchases across 57 economic sectors in 129 regions. The United States, India, China, and Brazil have the largest regional wildlife footprints, while per-person footprints are highest in Mongolia, Australia, Botswana, and the United Arab Emirates...
September 2017: Conservation Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098145/emerging-and-reemerging-diseases-in-the-world-health-organization-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-progress-challenges-and-who-initiatives
#8
REVIEW
Evans Buliva, Mohamed Elhakim, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh, Amgad Elkholy, Peter Mala, Abdinasir Abubakar, Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) continues to be a hotspot for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need to prevent, detect, and respond to any infectious diseases that pose a threat to global health security remains a priority. Many risk factors contribute in the emergence and rapid spread of epidemic diseases in the Region including acute and protracted humanitarian emergencies, resulting in fragile health systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanization, climate change, weak surveillance and limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human-animal interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096164/potential-factors-impacting-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-epilepsy-results-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#9
Taoufik Alsaadi, Seada Kassie, Khadija El Hammasi, Tarek M Shahrour, Mustafa Shakra, Lamya Turkawi, Wassim Nasreddine, Mufeed Raoof
PURPOSE: to investigate potential factors impacting HRQOL among PWE at a medical facility in the UAE. METHODS: Depression, anxiety, and health-related quality of life were assessed in 160 adult patients with epilepsy from September 2014 to January 2015 at Sheikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC). The World Health Organization Quality of Life abbreviated scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item (PHQ-9) depression scale, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item (GAD-7) scale were administered...
October 28, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093960/developing-substance-misuse-services-in-united-arab-emirates-the-national-rehabilitation-centre-experience
#10
Hamad A Al Ghaferi, Ahmed Y Ali, Tarek A Gawad, Shamil Wanigaratne
In 2001 a directive was issued to establish the National Rehabilitation Centre (NRC) to deal with the growing problem of substance misuse in the United Arab Emirates. The NRC has achieved many goals as a treatment and rehabilitation facility as well as a drug and alcohol demand reduction response centre. It is now working towards being an international centre of excellence.
November 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062362/assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-level-of-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Manal A Awad, Eman AlHammadi, Mariam Malalla, Zainab Maklai, Aisha Tariq, Badria Al-Ali, Alaa Al Jameel, Hisham El Batawi
INTRODUCTION: In this cross-sectional study, the level of knowledge and attitude of elementary school teachers regarding traumatic dental injuries (TDI) were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 330 elementary school teachers in 30 randomly selected schools in the Emirates of Sharjah and Dubai. The questionnaire collected information on participants' demographic characteristics, first aid training, and attitude about emergency management of TDI...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053600/detection-and-management-of-mango-dieback-disease-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#12
Esam Eldin Saeed, Arjun Sham, Ayah AbuZarqa, Khawla A Al Shurafa, Tahra S Al Naqbi, Rabah Iratni, Khaled El-Tarabily, Synan F AbuQamar
Mango is affected by different decline disorders causing significant losses to mango growers. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the pathogen was isolated from all tissues sampled from diseased trees affected by Lasiodiplodia theobromae. Symptoms at early stages of the disease included general wilting appearance of mango trees, and dieback of twigs. In advanced stages, the disease symptoms were also characterized by the curling and drying of leaves, leading to complete defoliation of the tree and discolouration of vascular regions of the stems and branches...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052515/is-there-a-financial-incentive-to-immigrate-examining-of-the-health-worker-salary-gap-between-india-and-popular-destination-countries
#13
Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: International migration is one of the factors resulting in the shortage of Human Resources for Health (HRH) in India. Literature suggests that migration is fuelled by the prospect of higher salaries available abroad. The extent of these salary differentials are unknown, and this study seeks to examine the salaries of selected HRH in India and four popular destination countries (United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and the United Arab Emirates), whilst accounting for the in-country cost of living...
October 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046710/pediatric-falls-from-windows-and-balconies-incidents-and-risk-factors-as-reported-by-newspapers-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#14
Michal Grivna, Hanan M Al-Marzouqi, Maryam R Al-Ali, Nada N Al-Saadi, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Falls of children from heights (balconies and windows) usually result in severe injuries and death. Details on child falls from heights in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are not easily accessible. Our aim was to assess the incidents, personal, and environmental risk factors for pediatric falls from windows/balconies using newspaper clippings. METHODS: We used a retrospective study design to electronically assess all major UAE national Arabic and English newspapers for reports of unintentional child falls from windows and balconies during 2005-2016...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#15
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023688/developing-nursing-research-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
M McCreaddie, D Kuzemski, J Griffiths, E M Sojka, M Fielding, N Al Yateem, J J Williams
AIM: This article identified, critically analysed and synthesized the literature on international nursing and midwifery research capacity building and standards. BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates is heavily dependent up on expatriate nurses. Only 4% of nurses working within the country are Emirati. The nation is therefore committed to developing nurses and nursing as a profession. INTRODUCTION: The United Arab Emirates' Nursing and Midwifery Council was formed in 2009 and initially focused on regulation, education and specialization...
October 11, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018585/disentangling-age-gender-interactions-associated-with-risks-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-road-traffic-injuries-in-the-sultanate-of-oman
#17
Amira K Al-Aamri, Sabu S Padmadas, Li-Chun Zhang, Abdullah A Al-Maniri
OBJECTIVE: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are the leading cause of disability-adjusted life years lost in Oman, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. Injury prevention strategies often overlook the interaction of individual and behavioural risk factors in assessing the severity of RTI outcomes. We conducted a systematic investigation of the underlying interactive effects of age and gender on the severity of fatal and non-fatal RTI outcomes in the Sultanate of Oman. METHODS: We used the Royal Oman Police national database of road traffic crashes for the period 2010-2014...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016196/prevalence-of-gjb2-mutations-in-affected-individuals-from-united-arab-emirates-with-autosomal-recessive-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss
#18
Abdelaziz Tlili, Abdullah Al Mutery, Walaa Kamal Eddine Ahmad Mohamed, Mona Mahfood, Hassen Hadj Kacem
AIM: Mutations in the gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) gene are responsible for more cases of nonsyndromic recessive hearing loss than any other gene. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of GJB2 mutations among affected individuals from United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: There were 50 individuals diagnosed with hereditary hearing loss and 120 healthy individuals enrolled in the study. The Sanger sequencing method was used to screen the GJB2 coding region in all affected individuals...
October 10, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989517/healthcare-professionals-hand-hygiene-knowledge-and-beliefs-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#19
Wai Khuan Ng, Ramon Z Shaban, Thea van de Mortel
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene at key moments during patient care is considered an important infection prevention and control measure to reduce healthcare-associated infections. While there is extensive research in Western settings, there is little in the United Arab Emirates where particular cultural and religious customs are thought to influence hand hygiene behaviour. AIM: To examine the hand hygiene knowledge and beliefs of health professionals at a tertiary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates...
May 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988545/a-controlled-trial-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-for-treatment-sbirt-implementation-in-primary-care-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Catriona Matheson, Christiane Pflanz-Sinclair, Amna Almarzouqi, Christine M Bond, Amanda J Lee, Anwar Batieha, H Al Ghaferi, A El Kashef
Aim This project evaluated the effectiveness of screening brief intervention and referral for treatment (SBIRT) in primary care in Abu Dhabi to manage patients with problematic substance use. This study aimed to determine whether: (i) training primary care physicians on the SBIRT model increased the identification of patients using substances at a harmful, hazardous or dependent level; (ii) training improved physicians' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs in self-efficacy in managing substance use. BACKGROUND: Substance use is increasing in the United Arab Emirates yet there has been no formal primary care intervention...
October 9, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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