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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104991/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
AIM: To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in each country of the Middle-East and the overall prevalence of the region. METHODS: In this systematic review, we gathered all documents related to HCV infection prevalence among hemodialysis patients in 17 middle-east countries from April 2006 to March 2016. We selected only cross-sectional studies that had proper sampling and measurement methods as well as a valid statistical analysis. RESULTS: After screening of 7311 documents, 56 studies were selected reporting the prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients from 10 countries of the region...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103835/a-novel-putatively-null-fgd1-variant-leading-to-aarskog-scott-syndrome-in-a-family-from-uae
#2
Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh, Fatima Saif, Pratibha Nair, Asma Jassim Binjab, Madiha Mohamed, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali, Fatma Bastaki
BACKGROUND: The X-linked condition "Aarskog-Scott syndrome (AAS)" causes a characteristic combination of short stature, facial, genital and skeletal anomalies. Studies elucidated a causative link between AAS and mutations in the FGD1 gene, which encodes a Rho/Rac guanine exchange factor. FGD1 is involved in regulating signaling pathways that control cytoskeleton organization and embryogenesis. CASE PRESENTATION: FGD1 was studied in an Emirati family with two cases of AAS using PCR amplification and direct sequencing of the entire coding region of the gene...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099445/prevalence-of-diabetes-among-migrant-women-and-duration-of-residence-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Syed M Shah, Raghib Ali, Tom Loney, Faisal Aziz, Iffat ElBarazi, Salma Al Dhaheri, M Hamed Farooqi, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the highest in United Arab Emirates (UAE), however data for the expatriate population is limited. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of T2DM amongst migrant women and test the hypothesis that acculturation (measured by years of residency) is associated with an increased risk of T2DM. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study and we recruited a representative sample (n = 599, 75% participation rate) of migrant women aged 18 years and over in Al Ain, UAE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088587/late-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-arab-states-in-the-gulf-region-two-year-prospective-study
#4
Majeda S Hammoud, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Sameer Y Al-Abdi, Hussain Bozaid, Anwar Khan, Laila M AlMuhairi, Moghis Ur Rehman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of Late-Onset Sepsis (LOS) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Arab states in the gulf region and describe the main causative organisms and their antibiotic resistance. METHODS: Observational prospective cohort study was conducted over two-year period in five NICUs in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. LOS was defined as the growth of a single potentially pathogenic organism from blood or cerebrospinal fluid in infants >3days of age with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with infection...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029348/ethnic-identity-and-paranoid-thinking-implicit-out-group-preference-and-language-dominance-predict-paranoia-in-emirati-women
#5
Justin Thomas, Richard P Bentall, Lowri Hadden, Lily O'Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychotic experiences including persecutory beliefs are elevated among immigrant and minority populations, especially when living in low ethnic density neighbourhoods (the ethnic density effect). Discrimination, victimization and experiencing a sense of 'not belonging' are hypothesized to play a role in this effect. Because a secure ethnic identity protects against poor self-esteem it may also protect against paranoia. This study explores the relationship between language proficiency (Arabic/English), in-group identity (implicit and explicit) and paranoia in female Emirati university students...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999424/polyphyletic-origin-of-mers-coronaviruses-and-isolation-of-a-novel-clade-a-strain-from-dromedary-camels-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Susanna K P Lau, Renate Wernery, Emily Y M Wong, Sunitha Joseph, Alan K L Tsang, Nissy Annie Georgy Patteril, Shyna K Elizabeth, Kwok-Hung Chan, Rubeena Muhammed, Jöerg Kinne, Kwok-Yung Yuen, Ulrich Wernery, Patrick C Y Woo
Little is known regarding the molecular epidemiology of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) circulating in dromedaries outside Saudi Arabia. To address this knowledge gap, we sequenced 10 complete genomes of MERS-CoVs isolated from 2 live and 8 dead dromedaries from different regions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Phylogenetic analysis revealed one novel clade A strain, the first detected in the UAE, and nine clade B strains. Strain D998/15 had a distinct phylogenetic position within clade A, being more closely related to the dromedary isolate NRCE-HKU205 from Egypt than to the human isolates EMC/2012 and Jordan-N3/2012...
December 21, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992951/limits-on-carbon-sequestration-in-arid-blue-carbon-ecosystems
#7
Lisa M Schile, J Boone Kauffman, Stephen Crooks, James W Fourqurean, Jane Glavan, J Patrick Megonigal
Coastal ecosystems produce and sequester significant amounts of carbon ('blue carbon'), which has been well documented in humid and semi-humid regions of temperate and tropical climates but less so in arid regions where mangroves, marshes, and seagrasses exist near the limit of their tolerance for extreme temperature and salinity. To better understand these unique systems, we measured whole-ecosystem carbon stocks in 58 sites across the United Arab Emirates in natural and planted mangroves, salt marshes, seagrass beds, microbial mats, and coastal sabkha (inter- and supratidal unvegetated salt flats)...
December 19, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991480/mineral-bone-disorder-and-its-management-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-initial-findings-from-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-2012-2015
#8
Issa Al Salmi, Mona AlRukhaimi, Ali AlSahow, Faisal A M Shaheen, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Fadwa AlAli, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Yacoub Al Maimani, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Brian Bieber, Francesca Tentori, Ronald L Pisoni
The prospective cohort Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) initiated data collection in national samples of hemodialysis (HD) units (total of 41 study sites) in all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates) in late 2012. Here, we report initial results regarding mineral bone disorders (MBDs) and its management in the GCC countries. Forty-one randomly selected HD facilities, treating >23 HD patients each, were sampled and represent care for >95% of GCC HD patients...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991479/gulf-cooperation-council-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-an-overview-of-anemia-management-trends-at-the-regional-and-country-specific-levels-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#9
Samra Abouchacra, Ali Obaidli, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Jamal Al Wakeel, Issa Al Salmi, Sumaya Al Ghareeb, Mohammad Al Azmi, Mohammed Elsayed, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni
The Gulf Cooperation Council-Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (GCC-DOPPS) marks the joining of the six Gulf region countries including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates to the main DOPPS study in 2012. The current review is a descriptive reporting on results related to the management of anemia from these countries. Our data demonstrate consistent anemia management patterns across the GCC countries allowing the achievement of international treatment levels...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991478/hemodialysis-delivery-dialysis-dose-achievement-and-vascular-access-types-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#10
Anas AlYousef, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Jamal Al Wakeel, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Brian A Bieber, Mohamad Hassan, Yacoub Al Maimani, Naser Alkandari, Haroun Z Ahmed, Ashraf Fawzy, Ronald L Pisoni
The prospective observational Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) was initiated in late 2012 in national samples of hemodialysis (HD) units (n = 41 study sites) in all six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates). For many years, guidelines have recommended single pool Kt/V ≥1.2 as the minimum adequate dose for chronic HD patients. Here, we report initial DOPPS results regarding HD practices related to dialysis dose achievement in the GCC...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991477/nutritional-status-and-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#11
Fadwa S Al-Ali, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni, Hany Ezzat, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Fayez AlHejaili, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Abdulkarim Saleh, Yacoub Al Maimani, Anas Alyousef, Haroun Z Ahmed, Abdullah Hamad
Nutrition is an important factor in maintaining good health of hemodialysis (HD) patients, affecting their morbidity and mortality. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is an international observational study assessing differences in dialysis practices and outcomes across >20 countries. Here, we present the results for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries regarding nutrition data and its relationship with outcomes as a part of the DOPPS Phase 5 study (2012-2015). Data were from Phase 5 of the DOPPS...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991476/cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-comorbidities-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-pattern-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#12
Faissal A M Shaheen, Jamal Al Wakeel, Saeed M G Al-Ghamdi, Bassam Alhelal, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Ali Abdulkarim Al Obaidli, Issa AlSalmi, Hani Ezzat Abdulaziz, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni
To determine the prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities and their active risk factors in the selected hemodialysis centers in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, the Dialysis Outcome and Practice Pattern Study (DOPPS) was performed on 40 dialysis centers in the six GCC countries from June 2012 to May 2015. There were 21 dialysis centers from Saudi Arabia, nine from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), four from Kuwait, four from Oman, two from Qatar, and one from Bahrain. There were 922 patients participating in the study; 419 patients from Saudi Arabia, 144 from the UAE, 164 from Kuwait, 89 from Oman, 58 from Qatar, and 25 from Bahrain...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991474/the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-design-and-study-methods
#13
Ronald L Pisoni, Brian A Bieber, Jamal Al Wakeel, Sameer Al Arrayed, Naser Alkandari, Mohamed Hassan, Ayman Karkar, Nabil M Al Lawati, Fadwa Al Ali, Justin M Albert, Bruce M Robinson
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is an international prospective cohort study of the relationships between hemodialysis (HD) care practices and HD patient outcomes. The DOPPS began in 1996, in the United States, and has since expanded to 21 countries, collecting detailed data from >75,000 HD patients, with >200 scientific publications, focused on describing HD practices associated with improved HD patient outcomes. The goal of DOPPS is to help HD patients "live better and live longer...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979783/culture-proven-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-arab-states-in-the-gulf-region-two-year-prospective-study
#14
Majeda S Hammoud, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Sameer Y Al-Abdi, Hussain Bozaid, Anwar Khan, Laila M AlMuhairi, Moghis Ur Rehman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and the pattern of causative organisms of culture-proven early-onset sepsis (EOS) in Arab states in the Gulf region. METHODS: Five neonatal care units participated in this 2-year prospective study in Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia. Data were collected prospectively using a standardized data collection form. EOS was defined as the growth of a single potentially pathogenic organism from blood or cerebrospinal fluid in infants within 72h of birth, with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with infection...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973198/factors-associated-with-glycemic-control-and-diabetes-related-costs-in-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-united-arab-emirates-results-from-a-retrospective-large-claims-data-analysis
#15
Y C Choi, Y J Lee, S H Lee, C Chang, I Song, D Suh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972981/screening-rate-for-diabetic-retinopathy-and-macular-edema-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-their-treatment-costs-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#16
S Je, S Lee, J Seong, S Lee, D Suh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972143/identification-and-management-of-patients-with-statin-intolerance-in-saudi-arabia-and-the-united-arab-emirates-comparison-of-results-from-a-clinician-survey
#17
R S Rosenson, S R Gandra, J McKendrick, R Dent, H Wieffer, A L Catapano, P Oh, G K Hovingh, E Stroes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966770/the-status-of-serum-vitamin-d-in-the-population-of-the-united-arab-emirates
#18
K Yammine, H Al Adham
Research exploring the status of serum vitamin D levels in the populations of countries bordering the Arabian Gulf shows a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency. These reports were usually drawn from small samples unlikely to be representative of the population. We explored serum vitamin D level in a large sample (7924) of patients who were given a blood test to check their vitamin D status on their first consultation at a day surgery hospital in Dubai. The overall mean level of 25(OH) D was ~ 20 ng/mL Deficiency was found among all age groups, in both sexes and in both local and non-local populations: overall 85...
December 12, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966275/unstructured-play-for-anxiety-in-pediatric-inpatient-care
#19
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel C Rossiter
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of unstructured play activities on the anxiety levels of hospitalized children. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group pretest posttest design was employed for this study. The sample included children (N = 165) ages 4-7 years admitted to a large pediatric referral center in the United Arab Emirates. The control group (n = 84) received usual care, while the experimental group (n = 81) engaged in age-appropriate unstructured play activities using disposable games and toys...
December 14, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929700/the-mediating-effects-of-coping-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-in-professional-caregivers-in-the-uae
#20
Abdalla A R M Hamid, Saif A Musa
BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers dealing with traumatized victims or mental health clients are at increased risk for developing the same symptoms as persons who are exposed directly to the trauma. AIMS: This research was aimed at examining the relationship between secondary traumatic stress, burnout and coping strategies in 502 professional caregivers who work in schools, hospitals, charity institutes and welfare centers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A further aim was to test the mediating effect of coping on the relationship between burnout and secondary traumatic stress...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
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