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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#1
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625116/the-effects-of-immigration-and-media-influence-on-body-image-among-pakistani-men
#2
Sheeba Saghir, Lynda Hyland
This study examined the role of media influence and immigration on body image among Pakistani men. Attitudes toward the body were compared between those living in Pakistan ( n = 56) and those who had immigrated to the United Arab Emirates ( n = 58). Results of a factorial analysis of variance demonstrated a significant main effect of immigrant status. Pakistani men living in the United Arab Emirates displayed poorer body image than those in the Pakistan sample. Results also indicated a second main effect of media influence...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623667/the-genome-and-phenome-of-the-green-alga-chloroidium-sp-utex-3007-reveal-adaptive-traits-for-desert-acclimatization
#3
David R Nelson, Basel Khraiwesh, Weiqi Fu, Saleh Alseekh, Ashish Kumar Jaiswal, Amphun Chaiboonchoe, Khaled M Hazzouri, Matthew J O'Connor, Glenn L Butterfoss, Nizar Drou, Jillian D Rowe, Jamil Harb, Alisdair R Fernie, Kristin C Gunsalus, Kourosh Salehi-Ashtiani
To investigate the phenomic and genomic traits that allow green algae to survive in deserts, we characterized a ubiquitous species, Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007, which we isolated from multiple locations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Metabolomic analyses of Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007 indicated that the alga accumulates a broad range of carbon sources, including several desiccation tolerance-promoting sugars and unusually large stores of palmitate. Growth assays revealed capacities to grow in salinities from zero to 60 g/L and to grow heterotrophically on >40 distinct carbon sources...
June 17, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610832/comparison-of-antimicrobial-activity-between-ceftolozane-tazobactam-and-ceftazidime-avibactam-against-multidrug-resistant-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-klebsiella-pneumoniae-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#4
Adnan Alatoom, Hashim Elsayed, Karen Lawlor, Laila AbdelWareth, Rania El-Lababidi, Lysettee Cardona, Mohammad Mooty, Maria-Fernanda Bonilla, Ahmad Nusair, Imran Mirza
OBJECTIVE: We compared the activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam and ceftazidime-avibactam against 120 strains including extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producers, carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from patients admitted to Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. METHODS: The in-vitro susceptibility was tested using E-strip MIC method and PCR was used to characterize the carbapenemase enzymes produced by CRE strains...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599381/exercise-intervention-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-university-population-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Sarah Dalibalta, Fatemeh Mirshafiei, Gareth Davison
Objective 1) To assess the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a university population, and 2) to investigate the effects of an 8-week exercise intervention on CVD risk factors. Methods Forty-six students participated in this study. Baseline cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max). Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and triglycerides were measured. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness were also assessed...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597155/discriminatory-power-of-rbcl-barcode-locus-for-authentication-of-some-of-united-arab-emirates-uae-native-plants
#6
Lina Maloukh, Alagappan Kumarappan, Mohammad Jarrar, Jawad Salehi, Houssam El-Wakil, T V Rajya Lakshmi
DNA barcoding of United Arab Emirates (UAE) native plants is of high practical and scientific value as the plants adapt to very harsh environmental conditions that challenge their identification. Fifty-one plant species belonged to 22 families, 2 monocots, and 20 eudicots; a maximum number of species being legumes and grasses were collected. To authenticate the morphological identification of the wild plant taxa, rbcL and matK regions were used in the study. The primer universality and discriminatory power of rbcL is 100%, while it is 35% for matK locus for these plant species...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595777/disseminated-cryptococcus-deuterogattii-aflp6-vgii-infection-in-an-arabian-horse-from-dubai-united-arab-emirates
#7
Jörg Kinne, Marina Joseph, Ulrich Wernery, Nora Nogradi, Ferry Hagen
BACKGROUND: During the past decades there has been an increase in cryptococcal infections caused by the basidiomycetous yeast species Cryptococcus gattii sensu lato, among humans and animals that live in endemic regions in Australia, Europe and the Americas. Unlike human cryptococcosis, little epidemiological data are available about C. gattii sensu lato infections in horses. CASE REPORT: A fatal case of a disseminated C. gattii sensu lato infection in an 11-year-old Arabian gelding imported from South Africa into the United Arab Emitares is reported...
June 5, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584493/assessment-of-perception-experience-and-information-seeking-behavior-of-the-public-of-ras-al-khaimah-united-arab-emirates-toward-usage-and-safety-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#8
Sathvik Belagodu Sridhar, Atiqulla Shariff, Nour Al Halabi, Rand Sarmini, Lubab Arkan Harb
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify the different types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) used, reasons for the use of CAM, and the perceptions, experience, and information seeking-behavior toward usage and safety of CAM by the general public of Ras Al-Khaimah, UAE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. A validated, self-administered, or interviewer-assisted survey questionnaire was used to collect the data...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578449/a-profile-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-northern-emirates-united-arab-emirates
#9
Alamin Berhanu
[No Abstract Available].
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577114/building-beautiful-minds-teaching-through-movies-to-tackle-stigma-in-psychology-students-in-the-uae
#10
Eleni Petkari
OBJECTIVE: The use of movie-based educational interventions has been used widely and is considered an effective method aiming at changing the stigmatizing attitudes of future mental health professionals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 10-week intervention that combined movies and related discussions in a sample of 26 psychology students in the United Arab Emirates, where the opportunities for real contact with patients with mental illness are limited. METHODS: By means of mixed methods approach, students were assessed at two time points by the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers [OMS-HC] (T1-T2) and by qualitative questions only at the end of the intervention (T2)...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561680/thinking-differently-in-global-health-in-oncology-using-a-diagonal-approach-harnessing-similarities-improving-education-and-empowering-an-alternative-oncology-workforce
#11
Natalia M Rodriguez, Jeannine M Brant, Dinesh Pendharkar, Hector Arreola-Ornelas, Afsan Bhadelia, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Felicia M Knaul
Cancer is a leading global cause of death, and diverse and minority populations suffer worse outcomes compared with white people from Western societies. Within the United States, African Americans and other blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians have lower cancer survival rates than whites. In the rest of the world, those from low- and middle-income countries have the greatest disparities, but even those from non-Western high-income countries such as Oman and the United Arab Emirates are diagnosed with cancer at later stages and suffer increased mortality...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559714/practice-patterns-for-herpes-simplex-keratitis-a-survey-of-ophthalmologists-in-gulf-coast-countries
#12
Mashael A Alkhayyal, Donald U Stone
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex is a common cause of visual disability, and there are published evidence-based guidelines for therapy. This survey aims to determine the preferred practice patterns of ophthalmologists in Gulf Coast Countries regarding herpetic eye disease, as well as identify areas of controversy or barriers to acceptance of evidence-based protocols. METHODS: Anonymous web-based survey of ophthalmologists in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557663/dietary-supplement-intake-and-associated-factors-among-gym-users-in-a-university-community
#13
Amita Attlee, Amina Haider, Asma Hassan, Noura Alzamil, Mona Hashim, Reyad Shaker Obaid
Dietary supplement intake and associated factors among gym users in a university community in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE), were assessed using a structured, self-administered questionnaire in this cross-sectional study. Adults (N = 320) from five gyms in the University City of Sharjah participated in this cross-sectional study. The prevalence of dietary supplement intake was 43.8%. Statistically significant associations were found between the use of dietary supplements and sex (47.7% males, 28.1% females; p = ...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553410/socioeconomic-factors-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography-a-multicentre-study-of-arabian-gulf-states
#14
Amin Daoulah, Osama E Elkhateeb, S Ali Nasseri, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Mohamed N Alama, Salem M Al-Faifi, Mamdouh Haddara, Ciaran M Dixon, Ibrahim S Alzahrani, Abdullah A Alghamdi, Waleed Ahmed, Adnan Fathey, Ejazul Haq, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The association of socioeconomic status with CAD is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. Whether such factors also impact the number of diseased coronary vessels and its severity is not well established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicentre, multi-ethnic, cross sectional observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) at 5 hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540895/pattern-of-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-adult-population-in-dubai-a-single-center-experience
#15
Amna K Alhadari, Fakhriya J Alalawi, Ayman Aly Seddik, Kaneez Zahra, Dileep Kumar, Hussain Yousif, Hind Alnour, Michael Jansen, Mohammad J Railey
Epidemiological data of renal diseases have great geographic variability throughout the world. Due to the lack of a national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, clinical and pathological features of various glomerulonephritis (GN) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 158 renal biopsies done in Dubai Hospital, UAE, between the years of 2005 and September 2014, with an aim to determine the prevalence rate and frequency of different pathological patterns of GN in adult patients who presented with proteinuria ± hematuria...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532533/glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-values-of-commonly-consumed-foods-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#16
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, C Jeyakumar K Henry, Maysm N Mohamad, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Amjad H Jarrar
Glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values of some commonly consumed foods in the United Arab Emirates were determined with an aim of adding these values to the existing international table of GI and GL values. In all, eighteen test foods categorised into breads (n 5), entrée dishes (n 3), main dishes (n 5) and sweet dishes (n 5) were tested. For each test food, at least fifteen healthy participants consumed 25 or 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose), which was tested three times, and a test food after an overnight fast, was tested once, on separate occasions...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515856/inter-ethnic-marriages-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-multicenter-study-of-arabian-gulf-states
#17
Amin Daoulah, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, S Ali Nasseri, Waleed Ahmed, Salah N Al-Otaibi, Mohamed N Alama, Osama E Elkhateeb, Amy J Plotkin, Majed M Malak, Khalid Alshali, Mohamed Hamzi, Saleh Al Khunein, Mohammed Abufayyah, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
AIM: To assess the association of inter-ethnic vs intra-ethnic marriage with severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in men undergoing angiography. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter, multi-ethnic, cross sectional observational study at five hospitals in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, in which we used logistic regression analysis with and without adjustment for baseline differences. RESULTS: Data were collected for 1068 enrolled patients undergoing coronary angiography for clinical indications during the period of April 1(st), 2013 to March 30(th), 2014...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511684/access-to-pediatric-rheumatology-care-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#18
Khulood Khawaja, Mustafa Al-Maini
BACKGROUND: This study looks at access to care for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis through pediatric rheumatology in the UAE, as an example of multi-ethnic society. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of Juvenile idiopathic arthritis were identified through the hospital electronic medical records system from January 1st 2011 to December 31st 2014. All residents of the United Arab Emirates hold an Emirates identity card. We divided our patients into two groups: Emirati-Emirates, who are native Emirati children and hold the Emirati nationality, as stated on their Emirates identity card, and who therefore have full, comprehensive access to free medical care; and non-Emirati-Emirates, who represent other nationalities, as stated on their Emirates identity card...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#19
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493265/national-rehabilitation-center-programme-performance-measures-in-the-united-arab-emirates-2013
#20
Ahmed Elkashef, Layla Alhyas, Hanan Al Hashmi, Dina Mohammed, Alison Gonzalez, Rinso Paul, Shamil Wanigaratne, Tarek Gawad, Richard Rawson, Ali Al Marzooqi, Hamad Al Ghaferi
The aim of this study was to measure the performance of the National Rehabilitation Center (NRC) programme and the services it provides. A 6-point tool was developed based on international standards with appropriate performance measures. The elements of the tool were applied to the electronic data files for 2013. The results showed that there were some operational, quality and data system issues. Some items were easily accessible, e.g. capacity, waiting time, family involvement. Others were difficult to sort and find and some were not available in the electronic system and had to be retrieved from other sources, e...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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