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United arab emirates

Mustafa Afifi
OBJECTIVE: To find the association of Empathy, Self-Efficacy, and/or Hope with readiness for lifelong learning among medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2016 at Ras Al-Khaimah Medical and Health Sciences University in the United Arab Emirates, and comprised medical students from all five years. A self-reporting questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data .Standard scales and analysis of variance test were used to compare the mean scores of different variables for different groups...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Aaron Parkhurst
In light of increasingly high rates of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity among citizens of the Arabian Gulf, popular health discourse in the region has emphasised the emergent Arab genome as the primary etiological basis of major health conditions. However, after many years of public dissemination of genomic knowledge in the region, and widespread acceptance of this knowledge among Gulf Arab citizens, the rates of chronic illness continue to increase. This paper briefly explores the clash between indigenous Islamic knowledge systems and biomedical knowledge systems imported into the United Arab Emirates...
April 2018: Anthropology & Medicine
Carole Ayoub Moubareck, Shaimaa F Mouftah, Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Dalal H Halat, Anju Nabi, Mouza A AlSharhan, Zulfa O AlDeesi, Christabel C Peters, Handan Celiloglu, Manjunath Sannegowda, Dolla K Sarkis, Ágnes Sonnevend
Few studies have addressed the molecular epidemiology of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates in the Arabian Peninsula, and such investigations have been missing from Dubai, a major economical, tourism and medical centre of the region. The antibiotic susceptibility, the carbapenemase type produced, and the clonality of 89 CRE strains isolated in five major Dubai hospitals in June 2015 - June 2016 were determined. Thirty three percent of the collection of 70 K. pneumoniae, 13 E. coli and 6 other Enterobacteriaceae were extremely drug resistant, 27% were resistant to colistin, and 4...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Afaf AlBlooshi, Alia AlKalbani, Hassib Narchi, Sania Al-Hamad, Mohammed Al-Houqani, Ghaya AlBadi, Abdul-Kader Souid, Graham L Hall
BACKGROUND: The forced oscillation technique (FOT) allows the quantification of respiratory function, does not require active cooperation and as such is ideally suited for use in young children. The application of the FOT in non-Caucasian populations is limited and it remains unclear if current reference ranges for the FOT in Caucasian children are appropriate for children in the Arabian Peninsula. This study explored the use of the FOT in healthy school-aged children in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Farida Almarzooqi, Aysha Alkhemeiri, Ahmed Aljaberi, Rayhan Hashmey, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Abdul-Kader Souid
OBJECTIVES: Intense migrations from tuberculosis endemic areas to Gulf countries create special risks to people in the region. The purpose of this study is to provide data that could justify implementing a universal, regular TB screening in UAE. DESIGN: This prospective, cross-sectional study used interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) to screen for TB among Emirati citizens between August-2016 and May-2017; expatriates were not included in this study. Participants were recruited from Emiratis attending Tawam Hospital Polyclinics for problems unrelated to TB risk assessment...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Adam J Gordon
The 19th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Addiction Medicine (ISAM) was held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in October 2017. Contained in this paper are the abstracts of scientific work presented at the conference.
January 2, 2018: Substance Abuse
Wafa Al-Dhaheri, Imam Hassouna, Sherif M Karam
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the United Arab Emirates and worldwide. Although many factors contribute to the high incidence of breast cancer, a considerable number of cases are related to environmental factors. In the present study, breast cancer was induced in female rats using a single dose, 80 mg/kg body wt, of the environmental carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). The aim of the present study, was to characterize some of the molecular changes that occur during breast cancer development in the DMBA-treated rat model...
February 28, 2018: Oncology Reports
Amna E Al-Baloushi, Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Agnes Sonnevend
Enterobacteriaceae co-producing NDM- and OXA-48-type carbapenemases were encountered in higher frequency in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) than in the neighboring countries in our earlier study. The aim of this investigation was to characterize the seven double carbapenemase producer Klebsiella pneumoniae found in the region to assess factors contributing to their emergence. Three K. pneumoniae ST14 isolated in the UAE harboring blaNDM-1 on IncHI1b and blaOXA-232 on IncColE plasmids were clonally related. Furthermore, two K...
February 23, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Mohammed Kamil Quraishi, Humeira Badsha, Bhavna Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb, Srilakshmi Hegde, Ayman Mofti, Kong Kok Ooi
Objectives: The study aimed to demonstrate the interethnic differences and clinical features of Spondyloarthropathy(SpA) patients in a diverse Middle Eastern Country. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records to collect the required data was conducted for SpA patients at two study institutions in the United Arab Emirates. Results: Of 141 SpA patients found, 88 AS(Ankylosing Spondylitis) patients and 53 'other SpA' patients were identified...
2018: Open Rheumatology Journal
Azhar H Alostad, Douglas T Steinke, Ellen I Schafheutle
Background: Herbal medicine (HM) regulation is less developed than that of allopathic medicines, with some countries lacking specific regulations. Objective: For the purpose of informing a registration system for HMs in Kuwait, which does not manufacture but imports all HMs, this study compared the similarities and differences between the current HM registration systems of five countries. Methods: The five countries were selected as major source countries of HM in Kuwait (United Kingdom (UK), Germany and United States of America (USA)) or because of geographical proximity or size and approach (United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kingdom of Bahrain)...
2018: Pharmaceutical Medicine
Rami Al-Ruzouq, Abdallah Shanableh, Maher Omar, Ghadeer Al-Khayyat
Waste management involves various procedures and resources for proper handling of waste materials in compliance with health codes and environmental regulations. Landfills are one of the oldest, most convenient, and cheapest methods to deposit waste. However, landfill utilization involves social, environmental, geotechnical, cost, and restrictive regulation considerations. For instance, landfills are considered a source of hazardous air pollutants that can cause health and environmental problems related to landfill gas and non-methanic organic compounds...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Adnan Alatoom, Mohammad Sartawi, Karen Lawlor, Laila AbdelWareth, Jens Thomsen, Ahmad Nusair, Imran Mirza
In this case, we report an elderly patient with multiple chronic conditions and prolonged intensive care units (ICU) stay who had recurrent Candida auris (C. auris) in blood despite antifungal therapy. C. auris was misidentified using conventional automated identification system as Candida haemulonii resulting in delayed diagnosis. The isolate showed increasing minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to different antifungal drugs and persisted in the patient's blood before the patient deceased. This is the first case of C...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Syed Arman Rabbani, Farhan Mustafa, Tasneem Shouqair, Itaf Mohamad, Nada Tahsin
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease has become a major public health concern. Although there are no reported cases of ZIKV disease in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), there is a potential risk of transmission due to large expatriate population and high influx of international travelers. This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge of ZIKV disease among the students of a medical and health sciences university in the UAE. Their knowledge of ZIKV disease was assessed using a specially designed, pretested, and validated questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
Fayas T Purayil, Gabriel A Robert, Kodiveri M Gothandam, Shyam S Kurup, Sreeramanan Subramaniam, Abdul Jaleel Cheruth
Nine (9) different date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars from UAE, which differ in their flower timings were selected to determine the polymorphism and genetic relationship between these cultivars. Hereditary differences and interrelationships were assessed utilizing inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and directed amplification of minisatellite DNA region (DAMD) primers. Analysis on eight DAMD and five ISSR markers produced total of 113 amplicon including 99 polymorphic and 14 monomorphic alleles with a polymorphic percentage of 85...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
Hazel Gardner, Katherine Green, Andrew S Gardner, Donna Geddes
BACKGROUND: Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates has been accompanied by a rise in chronic disease. Early childhood is known to affect health outcomes in adulthood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the general health of Emirati infants born in a government maternity hospital in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in October 2002. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five women, who had recently given birth, were interviewed as part of a larger study encompassing a wide range of cultural, social, and behavioural aspects of health...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Mohammad T Albataineh, Nawar Alhourani, Ammar Mohammad Khoudeir, Mohammed Ghanim, Mohammad Wasim, Ibrahim Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria is fast evolving with increasing global trend towards community-acquired infections. Limited information available about ESBLs therapy outcomes and control strategies, especially in the Middle Eastern countries. METHODS: We studied 399 ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from urinary tract infections (UTIs) occurred between 2014 and 2016 in University Hospital Sharjah...
January 30, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Noura Mahmoud, Mawlood Kowash, Iyad Hussein, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objective: The improvement of children's oral health, a world global health target, is essential to general health and quality of life. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of mothers toward their children's oral health in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional interview-based study was conducted among 383 mothers of preschool children (average age 3.49 [+1.63 years]) attending Sharjah Dental Center, UAE...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Cathrine Rossiter, Walter Frederick Robb, Shameran Slewa-Younan
Background: To support promotion, prevention and early intervention for mental illness school nurses need to be mental health literate. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine school nurses employed in government and private schools from three Emirates in the UAE were surveyed. A culturally adapted Mental Health Literacy questionnaire comprising three vignettes of fictional characters meeting diagnostic criteria for the target conditions along with the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) was administered to ascertain school nurses' ability to correctly identify the conditions and to elicit beliefs about helpfulness of treatment interventions and of health care providers for these conditions...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Laila F Nimri
Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is now recognized as a pandemic with implications for bone health and chronic diseases. The study investigated the vitamin D status and risk factors of subnormal serum vitamin D levels in female college students. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirate. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were measured for the participating female undergraduate college students using a radioimmunoassay kit...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health
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