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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889075/abundance-and-composition-of-juvenile-corals-reveals-divergent-trajectories-for-coral-assemblages-across-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Morgan S Pratchett, Andrew H Baird, Andrew G Bauman, John A Burt
Marked shifts in the composition of coral assemblages are occurring at many locations, but it is unknown whether these are permanent shifts reinforced by patterns of population replenishment. This study examined the composition of juvenile coral assemblages across the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Densities of juvenile corals varied significantly among locations, but were highest where coral cover was highest. Juvenile coral assemblages within the Persian Gulf were dominated by Porites, while no Acropora were recorded...
November 23, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872551/evaluation-of-fluoride-levels-in-bottled-water-and-their-contribution-to-health-and-teeth-problems-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Mohamed Yehia Z Abouleish
Fluoride is needed for better health, yet if ingested at higher levels it may lead to health problems. Fluoride can be obtained from different sources, with drinking water being a major contributor. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), bottled water is the major source for drinking. The aim of this research is to measure fluoride levels in different bottled water brands sold in UAE, to determine whether fluoride contributes to better health or health problems. The results were compared to international and local standards...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848750/results-from-the-united-arab-emirates-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#3
Mouza Al Zaabi, Syed Mahboob Shah, Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Abdishakur Abdulle, Abdulla Al Junaibi, Tom Loney
BACKGROUND: The Active Healthy Kids 2016 United Arab Emirates (UAE) Report Card provides a systematic evaluation of how the UAE is performing in supporting and engaging physical activity (PA) in children and adolescents. METHODS: The Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance framework and standardized set of procedures were used to perform the systematic assessment of PA in UAE youth and children. Indicator grades were based on the proportion of children and youth achieving a defined benchmark: A = 81% to 100%; B = 61% to 80%; C = 41% to 60%; D = 21% to 40%; F = 0% to 20%; INC = incomplete data...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832205/gallstones-a-worldwide-multifaceted-disease-and-its-correlations-with-gallbladder-carcinoma
#4
Raj Kumar Sharma, Kanchan Sonkar, Neeraj Sinha, Pradeep Rebala, Ahmad Ebrah Albani, Anu Behari, Duvvuri Nageshwar Reddy, Alvina Farooqui, Vinay Kumar Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Gallstones (GS) associated diseases are among the most recurrent and frequent diseases delineated in India and United Arab Emirates. Several reports suggest that the association of GS with gallbladder cancer (GBC) is very high in Northern part of India; however, its occurrence in UAE and Southern part of India is notably low. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to perform compositional analysis of GS in three different geographical areas by Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Fourier Transformed Infrared spectroscopy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831539/incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-among-the-native-arab-population-in-uae
#5
A M Al Dhanhani, M Agarwal, Y S Othman, O Bakoush
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of information about the epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) amongst Arabs. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and prevalence of SLE among the native Arab population of United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: Patients with SLE were identified from three sources: medical records of two local tertiary hospitals (four years; 2009 to 2012), laboratory requests for serum double stranded deoxyribonucleic acid and serum anti-nuclear antibody and confirmed histopathologic diagnosis of SLE (skin and kidney biopsy specimens)...
November 9, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826544/a-prospective-multi-country-observational-trial-to-compare-the-incidences-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-month-of-ramadan-the-preceding-month-and-the-following-month-dkar-international
#6
Elamin I E Abdelgadir, Mohamed M Hassanein, Alaaeldin M K Bashier, Sulaf Abdelaziz, Salwa Baki, Asma Chadli, Sara Askaoui, El Ansari Nawal, Ines S Slim, El Mghari Ghizlane, Khadija Hafidh, Fatheya Alawadi
BACKGROUND: 1.7 billion Muslims worldwide obey divine commands of fasting for a month. This may increase the probability of the acute complications of diabetes during the fasting period. DESIGN AND METHODS: We primarily aimed to compare the incidences and duration of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) admissions during Ramadan compared to the month before (Shaaban) and the month after (Shawal) as well as the average pre-Ramadan six months' admissions. Our secondary objective was to assess the different incidence of DKA between Ramadan and the other months regarding precipitating factors, fasting practices in people admitted with DKA and gender differences...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822371/improving-admission-medication-reconciliation-compliance-using-the-electronic-tool-in-admitted-medical-patients
#7
Haytham Taha, Dana Abdulhay, Neama Luqman, Samer Ellahham
Sheikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC) in Abu Dhabi is the main tertiary care referral hospital in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with 560 bed capacity that is fully occupied most of the time. SKMC senior management has made a commitment to make quality and patient safety a top priority. Our governing body Abu Dhabi Health Services Company has identified medication reconciliation as a critical patient safety measure and key performance indicator (KPI). The medication reconciliation electronic form a computerized decision support tool was introduced to improve medication reconciliation compliance on transition of care at admission, transfer and discharge of patients both in the inpatient and outpatient settings...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822284/hiv-responses-in-arab-states-on-the-southern-persian-gulf-border-the-first-review
#8
REVIEW
Afsaneh Moradi, Zahra Alammehrjerdi, Reza Daneshmand, Mahmood Amini-Lari, Mehran Zarghami, Kate Dolan
CONTEXT: There is no review of HIV responses in Arab states on the southern Persian Gulf border. This narrative review aimed to describe and synthesize HIV responses in Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of scientific databases and grey literature was conducted based on an international guide. Overall, 16 original studies and reports were found. RESULTS: The review indicates that HIV has been found present in each Arab state based on sporadic case finding...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821100/exploratory-study-into-the-awareness-of-heart-diseases-among-emirati-women-uae-and-their-health-seeking-behaviour-a-qualitative-study
#9
Sarah Khan, Ayesha Khoory, Dhabia Al Zaffin, Meera Al Suwaidi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases were the leading cause of death in women in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 2010. The UAE is expected to experience a tripling of heart diseases in the next two decades as risk factors for heart diseases increase. Research shows that first year survival rates of younger women suffering from a heart attack are lower than in men. Women present with a wider range of symptoms for heart diseases than men; non-recognition of atypical symptoms may explain the delay in seeking treatment and poor prognosis following heart diseases in women...
November 7, 2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818779/increasing-obesity-rates-in-school-children-in-united-arab-emirates
#10
A AlBlooshi, S Shaban, M AlTunaiji, N Fares, L AlShehhi, H AlShehhi, A AlMazrouei, A-K Souid
BACKGROUND: The remarkable socioeconomic changes in United Arab Emirates (UAE) necessitate regular monitoring of obesity in our population. This study explored the epidemiology of obesity in a large cohort of UAE students. METHODS: This population-based study investigated the prevalence of obesity in 44,942 students attending governmental schools in Ras Al-Khaimah. Body-mass-index (BMI) was calculated in 15,532 children (4-12 y) in 2013-2014, and in 29,410 children (3-18 y) in 2014-2015...
June 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817172/drug-utilization-review-of-cephalosporins-in-a-secondary-care-hospital-in-united-arab-emirates
#11
Mohammad Abou-Shaaban, Areeg Anwer Ali, Padma G M Rao, Asif Majid
Background Cephalosporins are one of the most commonly used antibiotics in United Arab Emirates (UAE). Few studies have been carried out to evaluate the antibiotic utilization pattern in UAE in spite of the obvious increase in cephalosporins resistance during the past decade. Objective To assess the prescriptions pattern of cephalosporins among physicians at a secondary care hospital in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE. Method This observational prospective study was carried out during October 2013 to April 2014. The data of in patients were documented in the predesigned patient profile form and was analyzed for patient's, drug's and drug's therapy related parameters...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810999/the-prevalence-of-physical-activity-among-the-young-population-of-uae-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Kaissar Yammine
AIMS: Lack of physical activities is a key disease factor and constitutes a serious public health issue in the Middle East region. Reports from this geographical area converge in concluding that the resident populations do not get enough exercise to keep themselves healthy. The objective of this systematic review is to obtain accurate data on the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and levels of PA among the young residents of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: Five prospective studies met the inclusion criteria with 12,988 subjects (including 12,782 adolescents)...
November 3, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806504/measuring-the-effect-of-size-on-technical-efficiency-of-the-united-arab-emirates-hospitals
#13
Ashraf Mahate, Samer Hamidi, Fevzi Akinci
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study is to estimate the technical efficiency of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) hospitals and examine the effect of hospital size on estimated technical efficiency scores. METHODS: Using 2012 data from Ministry of Health, Dubai Health Authority, and Health Authority in Abu Dhabi, we employed a nonparametric method, data envelopment analysis (DEA), to estimate the technical efficiency of 96 private and governmental hospitals in the UAE...
July 12, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795839/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates-2010-case-report
#14
Laila Mohamed Al Dabal, Mohmamed Reza Rahimi Shahmirzadi, Samar Baderldin, Ali Abro, Ali Zaki, Zulfa Dessi, Essa Al Eassa, Gulfaraz Khan, Hassan Shuri, Abid Mustafa Alwan
INTRODUCTION: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe infectious disease that is not endemic in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). CASE PRESENTATION: We report two cases of confirmed CCHF diagnosed in Dubai, UAE, during Hajj season 2010. Both patients presented with an acute history of high-grade fever, skin rash, and hematemesis. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of maximal supportive measures and intravenous ribavirin therapy, both patients died within a few days from start of illness...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795243/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-first-h5n1-avian-influenza-virus-isolated-from-chickens-in-lebanon-in-2016
#15
Elias Ibrahim, Abeer Sirawan, Bassel El-Bazzal, Jeanne El Hage, Mounir Abi Said, Hassan Zaraket, Ahmed Kandeil, Mohamed A Ali, Ghazi Kayali
We generated the full genome of a highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus that caused an outbreak on a chicken farm in Lebnaon in April 2016. Analysis revealed that the virus belonged to clade 2.3.2.1c that recently caused outbreaks in West Africa and the United Arab Emirates.
October 20, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790468/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-relating-to-dietary-supplements-among-health-sciences-and-non-health-sciences-students-in-one-of-the-universities-of-united-arab-emirates-uae
#16
Farah Kais Alhomoud, Mohammed Basil, Andrey Bondarev
INTRODUCTION: The use of Dietary Supplements (DS) has increased substantially in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in recent years, despite the fact that the efficacy and safety of these supplements are not proven yet. In addition, the practices of supplement users in the UAE remain undocumented. AIM: To determine the usage of DS in health sciences and non-health sciences students; and to determine their knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding these supplements...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761558/a-profile-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-northern-emirates-united-arab-emirates
#17
Alan M Batt, Ahmed S Al-Hajeri, Fergal H Cummins
To report the characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients and their outcomes in the emirates of Sharjah, Ras-al-Khaimah, Umm Al-Quwain, Fujairah, and Ajman in the United Arab Emirates (collectively known as the Northern Emirates). Methods: This is a prospective descriptive cohort study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidents transported by the national ambulance crews between February 2014 and March 2015 in the Northern Emirates. Results: A total of 384 patients were enrolled in this study...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754306/lbos-03-01-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-the-middle-east-results-from-the-prospective-urban-rural-epidemiology-pure-study
#18
Afzalhussein Yusufali, Rasha Khatib, Shofiqul Islam, Khalid AlHabib, Roya Kelishadi, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Data on hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are sparse in the Middle East especially in the different socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, community location, education) and comorbid status like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We report the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension across four Middle Eastern countries (Iran, Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)), using a standardized and uniform method...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752229/community-pharmacy-and-the-extended-community-pharmacist-practice-roles-the-uae-experiences
#19
Mirai Mourad Sadek, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Naama M S Al Kalbani, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohamed A Baraka, Alaa Mohammed Abdul Aziz, Abdulla Shehab
Background: The pharmaceutical care and 'extended' roles are still not practiced optimally by community pharmacists. Several studies have discussed the practice of community pharmacy in the UAE and have shown that most community pharmacists only counsel patients. However, UAE, has taken initiatives to allow and prepare community pharmacists to practice 'extended' roles. Aim of the review: The aim was to review the current roles of community pharmacists in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: The objective was to encourage community pharmacists toward extending their practice roles...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749320/widowhood-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-multicenter-study
#20
Amin Daoulah, Mohamed N Alama, Osama E Elkhateeb, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Salem Al-Kaabi, Salem M Al-Faifi, Hind M Alosaimi, Amir Lotfi, Khalid S Asiri, Ahmed M Elimam, Ayman S Abougalambo, Waheed Murad, Mamdouh M Haddara, Ciaran M Dixon, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the association of widowhood with the severity and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), and whether it is modified by sex or socioeconomic status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1068 patients undergoing coronary angiography at five centers in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were included in the study. CAD was defined as more than 70% lumen stenosis in a major epicardial vessel or more than 50% in the left main coronary artery...
October 4, 2016: Coronary Artery Disease
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