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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223866/cross-national-analysis-of-estimated-narcotic-utilization-for-twelve-arabic-speaking-countries-in-the-middle-east
#1
Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: Access to narcotics has been described as suboptimal in the Middle East. The objectives of this study were to characterize estimated narcotic use in twelve Arabic-speaking nations and compare across world regions. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional analysis of estimated average consumption of narcotic drugs in defined daily doses per million inhabitants, as provided by the International Narcotics Control Board Technical Reports (2008-2012)...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218982/isolation-and-prayer-as-means-of-solace-for-arab-women-with-breast-cancer-an-in-depth-interview-study
#2
Ghada Najjar Assaf, Eleanor Holroyd, Violeta Lopez
OBJECTIVE: This study explored Arab women's experiences following the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. METHODS: Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 Arab women attending a public hospital in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates following a recent diagnosis of breast cancer. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using the thematic method. RESULTS: Arab women's experiences following their breast cancer diagnoses and treatments included the themes of: (1) protecting one's self from stigma, (2) facing uncertainties, and prayers, and (3) getting on with life...
February 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185821/public-response-to-mers-cov-in-the-middle-east-iphone-survey-in-six-countries
#3
Amani S Alqahtani, Harunor Rashid, Mada H Basyouni, Tariq M Alhawassi, Nasser F BinDhim
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries bear the heaviest brunt of MERS-CoV. This study aims to compare public awareness and practice around MERS-CoV across GCC countries. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using the Gulf Indicators (GI) smartphone app among people in the six GCC countries, namely Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman. A total of 1812 participants recruited. All were aware of MERS-CoV, yet the perception and practice around MERS-CoV varied widely between countries...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163862/comparison-of-central-corneal-thickness-measurements-by-pentacam-and-ultrasound-pachymetry-in-normal-myopic-patients
#4
Sherif Emerah, Ehab ELZakzouk, Mohamed Farag
INTRODUCTION: Precise measurement of corneal thickness is of crucial importance in corneal refractive procedures. The aim of this work is to compare the central corneal thickness measurements using Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam) and contact US pachymetry in normal myopic patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on in 144 eyes of 72 normal myopic patients during 6 months. The study location was the Research Institute of Ophthalmology (Giza, Egypt), and Magrabi Eye Hospital (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156193/characterization-of-ndm-7-carbapenemase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-the-arabian-peninsula
#5
Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Dania Darwish, Laura Villa, Alessandra Carattoli, Rayhan Hashmey, Zulfa Aldeesi, Wafaa Jamal, Vincent Rotimi, Amina Al-Jardani, Seif S Al-Abri, Ágnes Sonnevend
AIM: The purpose of this study was to characterize the New Delhi metallo-beta lactamase (NDM)-7-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated in the Arabian Peninsula. METHODS: Enterobacteriaceae identified to carry blaNDM-7 in a collection of 157 NDM-producing isolates from Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were investigated for their antibiotic and disinfectant susceptibility, and resistance gene content. The virulence profile, phylogenetic and sequence types of the isolates were also determined...
February 3, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156023/the-quality-of-information-received-by-parents-of-children-with-chronic-ill-health-attending-hospitals-as-indicated-by-measures-of-illness-uncertainty
#6
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Charles Docherty, Hanan Altawil, Muna Al-Tamimi, Alaa Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of communication can be defined in terms of one of its outcomes: the uncertainty that it eliminates. Clear unambiguous communication is important for the parents of children to help them understand problems, explore alternative solutions and help make decisions. Persistent uncertainty is known to produce anxiety, unpredictable responses, emotional distress and poor quality of life. The uncertainty experienced by parents is one indicator of quality in the healthcare system which could have diagnostic and predictive value...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155017/implementing-standardized-inter-unit-communication-in-an-international-setting-handoff-of-patients-from-emergency-medicine-to-internal-medicine
#7
Kamna S Balhara, Susan M Peterson, Mohamed Moheb Elabd, Linda Regan, Xavier Anton, Basil Ali Al-Natour, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, James Scheulen, Sarah A Stewart de Ramirez
Standardized handoffs may reduce communication errors, but research on handoff in community and international settings is lacking. Our study at a community hospital in the United Arab Emirates characterizes existing handoff practices for admitted patients from emergency medicine (EM) to internal medicine (IM), develops a standardized handoff tool, and assesses its impact on communication and physician perceptions. EM physicians completed a survey regarding handoff practices and expectations. Trained observers utilized a checklist based on the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety model to observe 40 handoffs...
February 3, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141720/sexuality-and-intellectual-disability
#8
Jodi Wenger, Alison Downes, Nathan Blum, Marilyn Augustyn
Amad is a wonderful 16-year-old young man from Syria who has recently relocated to the United States from his war-torn native country. In his last few years in Syria, he was primarily at home with his mother, and they sought refuge with a maternal aunt in the United States seeking asylum and treatment of Amad's disability.At 8 years of age, he had intelligence testing in the United Arab Emirates, which showed a verbal intelligence score on the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC) of 68 and a performance of 64...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136039/around-the-world
#9
(no author information available yet)
1. Primary Healthcare 17-19 April, Dubai, United Arab Emirates tinyurl.com/primaryhealthcare-dubai.
January 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135306/thalassemia-in-the-united-arab-emirates-why-it-can-be-prevented-but-not-eradicated
#10
Sehjeong Kim, Abdessamad Tridane
Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen and is made of two proteins from four α-globin genes and two β-globin genes. A defect in one or more of these genes causes thalassemia. The treatment of thalassemia mostly depends on life-long blood transfusions and removal of excessive iron from the blood stream. Such tremendous blood consumption puts pressure on the national blood stock in many countries. In particular, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), various forms of thalassemia prevention have been used and hence, the substantial reduction of the thalassemia major population has been achieved...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134427/preliminary-estimates-of-the-economic-implications-of-addiction-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
C M Doran
This study aimed to provide preliminary estimates of the economic implications of addiction in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Local and international data sources were used to derive estimates of substancerelated healthcare costs, lost productivity and criminal behaviour. From an estimated population of 8.26 million: ~1.47 million used tobacco (20.5% of adults); 380 085 used cannabis (> 5%); 14 077 used alcohol in a harmful manner (0.2%); and 1408 used opiates (0.02%). The cost of addiction was estimated at US$ 5...
January 23, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134426/knowledge-of-diabetes-among-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates-and-trends-since-2001-a-study-using-the-michigan-diabetes-knowledge-test
#12
M Jawad Hashim, H Mustafa, H Ali
Knowledge of diabetes among patients with the disease in the United Arab Emirates is essential for effective self-management. We assessed the level of diabetes-related knowledge among patients and compared it with that found in previous studies in the same city. A cross-sectional study, using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, was conducted at two clinics in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. The Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test, translated into Arabic, was used to assess knowledge of diabetes. Of 165 participants with diabetes, 130 (78...
January 23, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122600/medicinally-active-principles-analysis-of-tephrosia-apollinea-delile-dc-growing-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#13
Abdul J Cheruth, Saif A M Al Baloushi, Kandhan Karthishwaran, Sajid Maqsood, Shyam S Kurup, Sabitha Sakkir
BACKGROUND: Tephrosia apollinea is a leguminous plant and is native to southwest Asia, Arabia, northwestern India and northeast Africa. In traditional system, it is used for medicinal and coloring purpose. The present study aims to explore the phytochemical, proximate analysis, element contents and antioxidant potential of T. apollinea extract. METHODS: The phytochemical screening was done with qualitative methods. Proximate analysis and elemental composition were performed from powdered sample...
January 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118524/a-multi-national-arab-genome-wide-association-study-identifies-new-genetic-associations-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Richa Saxena, Robert M Plenge, Andrew C Bjonnes, Hassan S Dashti, Yukinori Okada, Wessam Gad El Haq, Mohammed Hammoudeh, Samar Al Emadi, Basel K Masri, Hussein Halabi, Humeira Badsha, Imad W Uthman, Lauren Margolin, Namrata Gupta, Ziyad R Mahfoud, Marianthi Kapiri, Soha R Dargham, Grace Aranki, Layla A Kazkaz, Thurayya Arayssi
OBJECTIVE: Genetic factors underlying susceptibility to Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in Arab populations are largely unknown. We undertook a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of RA to explore generalizability of previously reported RA loci to Arabs and to discover new Arab-specific genetic loci. METHODS: The Genetics of Rheumatoid Arthritis in some Arab States Study is designed to examine the genetics and clinical features of RA patients from Jordan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates...
January 24, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-juvenile-population-a-retrospective-study
#15
REVIEW
Afrozul Haq, Jitka Svobodová, Nighat Y Sofi, Andrea Jindrová, Bohumil Kába, Jaishen Rajah, Fatme Al Anouti, Laila Abdel-Wareth, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Mohammed S Razzaque
Vitamin D deficiency is a clinical problem and recently we have shown that 82.5% of our entire study cohort had inadequate serum 25(OH)D levels. In this study, we analysed serum 25(OH)D levels of juvenile patients admitted to the Burjeel Hospital of VPS Health care in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) from October 2012 to September 2014. Out of a total of 7883 juvenile patients considered in this study, almost 58.1% of females and 43.3% of males in the age group of 1-18 years were found to have low serum 25(OH)D levels (<50nmol/L)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104991/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
AIM: To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in each country of the Middle-East and the overall prevalence of the region. METHODS: In this systematic review, we gathered all documents related to HCV infection prevalence among hemodialysis patients in 17 middle-east countries from April 2006 to March 2016. We selected only cross-sectional studies that had proper sampling and measurement methods as well as a valid statistical analysis. RESULTS: After screening of 7311 documents, 56 studies were selected reporting the prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients from 10 countries of the region...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103835/a-novel-putatively-null-fgd1-variant-leading-to-aarskog-scott-syndrome-in-a-family-from-uae
#17
Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh, Fatima Saif, Pratibha Nair, Asma Jassim Binjab, Madiha Mohamed, Mahmoud Taleb Al-Ali, Fatma Bastaki
BACKGROUND: The X-linked condition "Aarskog-Scott syndrome (AAS)" causes a characteristic combination of short stature, facial, genital and skeletal anomalies. Studies elucidated a causative link between AAS and mutations in the FGD1 gene, which encodes a Rho/Rac guanine exchange factor. FGD1 is involved in regulating signaling pathways that control cytoskeleton organization and embryogenesis. CASE PRESENTATION: FGD1 was studied in an Emirati family with two cases of AAS using PCR amplification and direct sequencing of the entire coding region of the gene...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099445/prevalence-of-diabetes-among-migrant-women-and-duration-of-residence-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Syed M Shah, Raghib Ali, Tom Loney, Faisal Aziz, Iffat ElBarazi, Salma Al Dhaheri, M Hamed Farooqi, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: The prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the highest in United Arab Emirates (UAE), however data for the expatriate population is limited. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of T2DM amongst migrant women and test the hypothesis that acculturation (measured by years of residency) is associated with an increased risk of T2DM. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study and we recruited a representative sample (n = 599, 75% participation rate) of migrant women aged 18 years and over in Al Ain, UAE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088587/late-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-arab-states-in-the-gulf-region-two-year-prospective-study
#19
Majeda S Hammoud, Abdullah Al-Taiar, Sameer Y Al-Abdi, Hussain Bozaid, Anwar Khan, Laila M AlMuhairi, Moghis Ur Rehman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the incidence of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Arab states in the Gulf region and to describe the main causative organisms and their antibiotic resistance. METHODS: This observational prospective cohort study was conducted over a 2-year period in five NICUs in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. LOS was defined as the growth of a single potentially pathogenic organism from blood or cerebrospinal fluid in infants >3days of age with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with infection...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029348/ethnic-identity-and-paranoid-thinking-implicit-out-group-preference-and-language-dominance-predict-paranoia-in-emirati-women
#20
Justin Thomas, Richard P Bentall, Lowri Hadden, Lily O'Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychotic experiences including persecutory beliefs are elevated among immigrant and minority populations, especially when living in low ethnic density neighbourhoods (the ethnic density effect). Discrimination, victimization and experiencing a sense of 'not belonging' are hypothesized to play a role in this effect. Because a secure ethnic identity protects against poor self-esteem it may also protect against paranoia. This study explores the relationship between language proficiency (Arabic/English), in-group identity (implicit and explicit) and paranoia in female Emirati university students...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
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