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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326908/sublingual-immunotherapy-tablets-as-a-disease-modifying-add-on-treatment-option-to-pharmacotherapy-for-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#1
Stephen Brunton, Harold S Nelson, David I Bernstein, Simon Lawton, Susan Lu, Hendrik Nolte
Allergic rhinitis (AR) with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) is associated with a significant health and economic burden, and is often accompanied by asthma. Pharmacotherapies are the mainstay treatment options for AR and asthma, but guidelines also recommend allergy immunotherapy (AIT). Unlike pharmacotherapies, AIT has the ability to modify the underlying immunologic mechanisms of AR and asthma with the potential for long-term benefits after treatment is discontinued. Immunotherapy may also prevent progression of AR/C to asthma...
March 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293923/infant-formulas-containing-hydrolysed-protein-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-allergy
#2
REVIEW
David A Osborn, John Kh Sinn, Lisa J Jones
BACKGROUND: Allergy is common and may be associated with foods, including cow's milk formula (CMF). Formulas containing hydrolysed proteins have been used to treat infants with allergy. However, it is unclear whether hydrolysed formulas can be advocated for prevention of allergy in infants. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects on allergy and food allergy when infants are fed a hydrolysed formula versus CMF or human breast milk. If hydrolysed formulas are effective, to determine what type of hydrolysed formula is most effective, including extensively or partially hydrolysed formula (EHF/PHF)...
March 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286057/quality-of-primary-care-for-children-with-disabilities-enrolled-in-medicaid
#3
Alyna T Chien, Karen A Kuhlthau, Sara L Toomey, Jessica A Quinn, Megumi J Okumura, Dennis Z Kuo, Amy J Houtrow, Jeanne Van Cleave, Mary Beth Landrum, Jisun Jang, Isabel Janmey, Michael J Furdyna, Mark A Schuster
OBJECTIVE: The quality of primary care delivered to Medicaid-insured children with disabilities (CWD) is unknown. We used the newly validated CWD algorithm (CWDA) to examine CWD prevalence among Medicaid enrollees 1 to 18 years old, primary care quality for CWD, and differences in primary care quality for CWD and non-CWD. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using 2008 Medicaid Analytic eXtract claims data from 9 states, including children with at least 11 months of enrollment (N = 2,671,922 enrollees)...
March 9, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284322/a-two-year-evaluation-of-the-real-life-impact-of-copd-on-patients-in-germany-the-daccord-observational-study
#4
Peter Kardos, Claus Vogelmeier, Heinrich Worth, Roland Buhl, Nadine S Lossi, Claudia Mailänder, Carl-Peter Criée
INTRODUCTION: DACCORD is an observational, non-interventional study being conducted in German primary and secondary care centres. The study aims to describe the impact of disease (including exacerbations) and treatments over 2 years on 'real-life' patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients had a clinical and spirometry diagnosis of COPD, were aged ≥40 years and, on recruitment, were initiating or changing COPD maintenance medication...
March 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270656/raising-awareness-of-bronchiectasis-in-primary-care-overview-of-diagnosis-and-management-strategies-in-adults
#5
James D Chalmers, Sanjay Sethi
Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease characterised by recurrent infection, inflammation, persistent cough and sputum production. The disease is increasing in prevalence, requiring a greater awareness of the disease across primary and secondary care. Mild and moderate cases of bronchiectasis in adults can often be managed by primary care clinicians. Initial assessments and long-term treatment plans that include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, however, should be undertaken in collaboration with a secondary care team that includes physiotherapists and specialists in respiratory medicine...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256040/applications-and-safety-considerations-of-lactobacillus-salivarius-as-a-probiotic-in-animal-and-human-health
#6
REVIEW
Byron D Chaves, Mindy M Brashears, Kendra K Nightingale
The goals of this review are to summarize the current knowledge on the application of Lactobacillus salivarius as a probiotic in animals and humans, and to address safety concerns with its use on live hosts. Overall, several strains of L. salivarius are well established probiotics with multiple applications in animal health, particularly to reduce colonization by gastrointestinal (GI) pathogens, and to a lesser extent, as a production and quality aid. In humans, L. salivarius has been used to prevent and treat a variety of chronic diseases, including asthma, cancer, atopic dermatitis, and halitosis, and to a much limited extent, to prevent or treat infections...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254561/extracorporeal-ige-immunoadsorption-in-allergic-asthma-safety-and-efficacy
#7
Christian Lupinek, Kurt Derfler, Silvia Lee, Thomas Prikoszovich, Oliver Movadat, Eva Wollmann, Carolin Cornelius, Milena Weber, Renate Fröschl, Regina Selb, Katharina Blatt, Dubravka Smiljkovic, Volker Schoder, René Cervenka, Thomas Plaichner, Gottfried Stegfellner, Hans Huber, Rainer Henning, Justyna Kozik-Jaromin, Thomas Perkmann, Verena Niederberger, Ventzislav Petkov, Peter Valent, Adelheid Gauly, Hans Peter Leinenbach, Ingrid Uhlenbusch-Koerwer, Rudolf Valenta
BACKGROUND: Prevention of IgE-binding to cellular IgE-receptors by anti-IgE (Omalizumab) is clinically effective in allergic asthma, but limited by IgE threshold-levels. To overcome this limitation, we developed a single-use IgE immunoadsorber column (IgEnio). IgEnio is based on a recombinant, IgE-specific antibody fragment and can be used for the specific extracorporeal desorption of IgE. OBJECTIVE: To study safety and efficacy of IgEnio regarding the selective depletion of IgE in a randomized, open-label, controlled pilot trial in patients with allergic asthma and to investigate if IgEnio can bind IgE-Omalizumab immune complexes...
February 12, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226008/time-trends-in-hospitalizations-for-ambulatory-care-sensitive-conditions-among-children-under-five-years-old-in-cear%C3%A3-brazil-2000-2012
#8
Líllian de Queiroz Costa, Elzo Pereira Pinto, Marcelo Gurgel Carlos da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to analyze time trends and describe the causes of hospitalizations for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) in children under five years old in Ceará, Brazil, 2000-2012. METHODS: this is an ecological time series study using data from the National Hospital Information System; trends were analyzed using Prais-Winsten regression. RESULTS: from 2000 and 2016 ACSC hospitalization rates fell from 32.5 to 11.2/1,000 inhabitants under five years old (annual variation of -16...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211106/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-investigating-a-mediterranean-diet-intervention-in-pregnant-women-for-the-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-infants
#9
D A Sewell, V S Hammersley, A Robertson, G Devereux, A Stoddart, C J Weir, A Worth, A Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest a potentially protective role of the Mediterranean diet (MD) in allergic diseases, including asthma. Large scale randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are needed to test the hypothesised allergy-prevention benefits of a MD during pregnancy. The present two-arm pilot RCT in pregnant women at high-risk of having a child who would develop allergic disease investigated maternal recruitment, retention and acceptability of an MD dietary intervention in the UK...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154801/pranlukast-reduces-asthma-exacerbations-during-autumn-especially-in-1-to-5-year-old-boys
#10
Yoshinori Morita, Eduardo Campos Alberto, Shuichi Suzuki, Yoshinori Sato, Akira Hoshioka, Hiroki Abe, Kimiyuki Saito, Toshikazu Tsubaki, Mana Haraki, Akiko Sawa, Yoshio Nakayama, Hiroyuki Kojima, Midori Shigeta, Fumiya Yamaide, Yoichi Kohno, Naoki Shimojo
BACKGROUND: Leukotriene receptor antagonists have been used to prevent virus-induced asthma exacerbations in autumn. Its efficacy, however, might differ with age and sex. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether pranlukast added to usual asthma therapy in Japanese children during autumn, season associated with the peak of asthma, reduces asthma exacerbations. It was also evaluated the effect of age and sex on pranlukast's efficacy. METHODS: A total of 121 asthmatic children aged 1 to 14 years were randomly assigned to receive regular pranlukast or not according to sex, and were divided in 2 age groups, 1-5 years and 6-14 years...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152315/palivizumab-prophylaxis-in-preterm-infants-and-subsequent-recurrent-wheezing-6-year-follow-up-study
#11
Hiroyuki Mochizuki, Satoshi Kusuda, Kenji Okada, Shigemi Yoshihara, Hiroyuki Furuya, Eric A F Simões
RATIONALE: RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) induces not only infantile recurrent wheezing but also potentially atopic asthma. OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of RSV infection, on development of subsequent atopic asthma, we evaluated whether palivizumab, an anti-RSV monoclonal antibody, by preventing severe RSV disease in the first year of life, could impact subsequent recurrent wheezing and atopic asthma, at 6 years of age. METHODS: During the 2007-2008 RSV season, the decision to administer palivizumab was made based on standard medical practice, and an observational prospective multicenter (n=52) case-control study in preterm infants with a gestational age between 33 and 35 weeks followed from 0 to 3 years (preceeding CREW study)...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143681/the-dangerous-liaison-between-pollens-and-pollution-in-respiratory-allergy
#12
REVIEW
Giovanna Schiavoni, Gennaro D'Amato, Claudia Afferni
OBJECTIVE: To recapitulate the more recent epidemiologic studies on the association of air pollution with respiratory allergic diseases prevalence and to discuss the main limitations of current approaches used to establish a link between pollinosis and pollution. DATA SOURCES: Through the use of PubMed, we conducted a broad literature review in the following areas: epidemiology of respiratory allergic diseases, effect of pollution and climate changes on pollen grains, and immunomodulatory properties of pollen substances...
March 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118056/multi-faceted-quality-improvement-initiative-to-decrease-pediatric-asthma-readmissions
#13
Nadia L Krupp, Cindy Fiscus, Russell Webb, Emily C Webber, Teresa Stanley, Rebecca Pettit, Ashley Davis, Judy Hollingsworth, Deborah Bagley, Marjorie McCaskey, John C Stevens, Andrea Weist, A Ioana Cristea, Heather Warhurst, Benjamin Bauer, Michele Saysana, Gregory S Montgomery, Michelle S Howenstine, Stephanie D Davis
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood, and a leading cause of hospitalization in children. A primary goal of asthma control is prevention of hospitalizations. A hospital admission is the single strongest predictor of future hospital admissions for asthma. The 30-day asthma readmission rate at our institution was significantly above that of other hospitals in the Children's Hospital Association. As a result, a multi-faceted quality improvement project was undertaken with the goal of reducing the 30-day inpatient asthma readmission rate by 50% within two years...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097361/folic-acid-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-neural-tube-defects-an-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#14
REVIEW
Meera Viswanathan, Katherine A Treiman, Julia Kish-Doto, Jennifer C Middleton, Emmanuel J L Coker-Schwimmer, Wanda K Nicholson
Importance: Neural tube defects are among the most common congenital anomalies in the United States. Periconceptional folic acid supplementation is a primary care-relevant preventive intervention. Objective: To review the evidence on folic acid supplementation for preventing neural tube defects to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force for an updated Recommendation Statement. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries through January 28, 2016, with ongoing surveillance through November 11, 2016; references; experts...
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095068/impact-of-telepharmacy-services-as-a-way-to-increase-access-to-asthma-care
#15
Wendy Brown, David Scott, Daniel Friesner, Tara Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that real-time, telepharmacy-based asthma educational services are feasible and to support the efforts of local primary care prescribers to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: The lead investigator (a pharmacist, physician assistant, and certified asthma educator) identified an independent community pharmacy with telehealth capabilities in a rural area with a high prevalence of asthma. Working with the pharmacy, an asthma education program was developed based on the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093429/paediatric-ed-bipap-continuous-quality-improvement-programme-with-patient-analysis-2005-2013
#16
Thomas Abramo, Abby Williams, Samaiya Mushtaq, Mark Meredith, Rawle Sepaule, Kristen Crossman, Cheryl Burney Jones, Suzanne Godbold, Zhuopei Hu, Todd Nick
OBJECTIVE: In paediatric moderate-to-severe asthmatics, there is significant bronchospasm, airway obstruction, air trapping causing severe hyperinflation with more positive intraplural pressure preventing passive air movement. These effects cause an increased respiratory rate (RR), less airflow and shortened inspiratory breath time. In certain asthmatics, aerosols are ineffective due to their inadequate ventilation. Bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) in acute paediatric asthmatics can be an effective treatment...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092287/current-and-future-management-of-the-young-child-with-early-onset-wheezing
#17
Allison J Burbank, Stanley J Szefler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we discuss current thinking in relation to available guidelines for the care of preschool-aged children with recurrent wheezing, while highlighting the gaps in our knowledge and discussing changes that could occur over the next 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: The Asthma Predictive Index as well as allergen-specific IgE, peripheral eosinophil count and exhaled nitric oxide are perhaps underutilized sources of information that can assist in predicting progression to asthma and response to therapies...
January 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091866/review-of-diagnostic-challenges-in-occupational-asthma
#18
REVIEW
Jacques A Pralong, Andre Cartier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Occupational asthma (OA) is one of the most frequent occupational diseases and its diagnosis is often difficult. This review summarizes its current diagnostic challenges. RECENT FINDINGS: OA is associated with significant health and socio-economic burden. It is underdiagnosed and physicians need to adopt a stepwise approach to confirm the diagnosis. Although early removal from exposure to the offending agent is associated with a better prognosis, physicians should try to confirm the diagnosis of work-related asthma before taking a worker off work...
January 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079560/prenatal-exposures-and-the-development-of-childhood-wheezing-illnesses
#19
Christian Rosas-Salazar, Tina V Hartert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To critically evaluate and summarize studies published between July 2015 and June 2016 linking prenatal exposures and the onset of childhood wheezing illnesses and to discuss future research directions in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: The aggregated evidence indicates a consistent detrimental effect of prenatal exposure to parental smoking, outdoor air pollution, and maternal stress on childhood wheezing illnesses. Less consistent evidence suggests an adverse impact of maternal obesity during pregnancy and prenatal exposure to antibiotics on these outcomes...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030377/microbes-allergic-sensitization-and-the-natural-history-of-asthma
#20
Halie M Anderson, Daniel J Jackson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Understanding factors that lead to asthma development in early life is essential to developing strategies aimed at primary or secondary prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: This article will review current evidence addressing the development of early life allergic sensitization in relation to microbes and the gut and airway microbiome. Wheezing illnesses, particularly viral, remain a significant risk factor for asthma inception; however, bacterial pathogens have recently emerged as an additional important contributor to asthma risk, either alone or as cofactors with viral infections...
December 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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