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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630121/a-novel-recombinant-human-thrombopoietin-therapy-for-the-management-of-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-pregnancy
#1
Zhangyuan Kong, Ping Qin, Shan Xiao, Hai Zhou, Hong Li, Renchi Yang, Xiaofan Liu, Jianmin Luo, Zhichun Li, Guochao Ji, Zhongguang Cui, Yusheng Bai, Yuxia Wu, Linlin Shao, Jun Peng, Jun Ma, Ming Hou
The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) for the management of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) during pregnancy. Pregnant ITP patients were enrolled in the study if they had a platelet count of < 30 × 10(9)/L, were experiencing bleeding manifestations, had failed to respond to corticosteroids and/or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and had developed refractoriness to platelet transfusion. Thirty-one patients received rhTPO at an initial dose of 300U/kg once daily for 14 days...
June 19, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629237/improved-pregnancy-outcome-following-earlier-splenectomy-in-women-with-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-5-year-observational-study
#2
Mohamed Rezk, Alaa Masood, Ragab Dawood, Mahmoud Emara, Hanan El-Sayed
OBJECTIVE: to assess prospectively the maternal and fetal outcome in women with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who undergone earlier splenectomy compared to women on medical therapy. METHODS: a 5-year observational study included pregnant women in the first trimester previously diagnosed with primary ITP with 74 patients underwent splenectomy before pregnancy and 86 patients on medical therapy. Patients were followed throughout pregnancy and labor to record their obstetric outcome...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627134/u-s-food-and-drug-administration-approval-summary-eltrombopag-for-the-treatment-of-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-immune-idiopathic-thrombocytopenia
#3
Lori A Ehrlich, Virginia E Kwitkowski, Gregory Reaman, Chia-Wen Ko, Lei Nie, Richard Pazdur, Ann T Farrell
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved eltrombopag for pediatric patients with chronic immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenia (ITP) ages ≥6 on June 11, 2015, and ages ≥1 on August 24, 2015. Approval was based on the FDA review of two randomized trials that included 159 pediatric patients with chronic ITP who had an insufficient response to corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, or splenectomy. This manuscript describes the basis for approval of these applications. The FDA concluded that eltrombopag has shown efficacy and a favorable benefit to risk profile for pediatric patients with chronic ITP...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616085/helicobacter-pylori-infection-old-and-new
#4
REVIEW
S Diaconu, A Predescu, A Moldoveanu, C S Pop, C Fierbințeanu-Braticevici
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium that grows in the digestive tract and may be present in more than half of the world's population. The clinical features of Helicobacter pylori range from asymptomatic gastritis to gastrointestinal malignancy. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a low-grade B-cell marginal zone lymphoma and Helicobacter pylori has been detected in more than 75% of the patients with MALT lymphoma. Many tests for the detection of Helicobacter pylori are available, including antibody tests, urea breath tests, stool antigen tests and endoscopic biopsies...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611471/evaluation-of-the-immature-platelet-fraction-contribute-to-the-differential-diagnosis-of-hereditary-immune-and-other-acquired-thrombocytopenias
#5
F L B Ferreira, M P Colella, S S Medina, C Costa-Lima, M M L Fiusa, L N G Costa, F A Orsi, J M Annichino-Bizzacchi, K Y Fertrin, M F P Gilberti, M C Ozelo, E V De Paula
The differential diagnosis of immune (ITP) and hereditary macrothrombocytopenia (HM) is key to patient management. The immature platelet fraction (IPF) represents the subset of circulating platelets with higher RNA content, and has been shown to distinguish hypo- from hyperproliferative thrombocytopenias. Here we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of IPF in the differential diagnosis between HM and other thrombocytopenias in a population of patients with post-chemotherapy thrombocytopenia (n = 56), bone marrow failure (n = 22), ITP (n = 105) and HM (n = 27)...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604493/further-standardization-in-the-aneurysm-clip-the-effects-of-occlusal-depth-on-the-outcome-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#6
Hui Rong, Yue Liu, Zhibin Zhao, Jiying Feng, Rao Sun, Zhengliang Ma, Xiaoping Gu
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between clip occlusal depth and functional and histological outcome measures in a rat model of thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Aneurysm clip compression is a proven model of contusion-compression SCI, but the relationship between clip depth and outcomes in thoracic SCI is unknown. METHODS: A single aneurysm clip was applied to the spinal cord at thoracic vertebra 10 for 1 minute with an occlusal depth of 2, 6, or 10 mm...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603911/cd11c-expression-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-revisited-related-with-complications-and-survival
#7
E G Umit, M Baysal, Y Durmus, A M Demir
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a disorder of mature but dysfunctional monoclonal B cells. Microenvironment, antigenic stimulation and genetical mutations are demonstrated in etiopathogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the expression of CD11c in patients with CLL and its possible clinical significance. METHODS: Data of 259 patients with CLL between 2010 and 2016 in Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, including age at diagnosis, sex, whole blood count, stage, percentage of CLL cells in bone marrow, line of treatments, development of Richter's transformation and secondary tumors, autoimmune complications, IgG level, prognostic cytogenetic analysis, and length of survival were recorded from files...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596654/is-there-a-relationship-between-cxcr4-gene-expression-and-prognosis-of-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-children
#8
Sajedeh Saeidi, Javad Mohammadi-Asl, Mohammad Ali Jalali Far, Ali Amin Asnafi, Firouzeh Dehuri, Yousef Tavakolifar, Najmaldin Saki
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common autoimmune disorder characterized by decreased platelet count (thrombocytopenia) and bleeding symptoms due to production of autoantibodies against platelets. Chemokines are molecules inducing chemotaxis and play an important role in megakaryopoiesis, including CXCR4 chemokine receptor. CXCR4 is expressed on cells of megakaryocytic series, especially platelets, and triggers several mechanisms in these cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pattern of CXCR4 gene changes upon diagnosis and after treatment and its comparison with laboratory findings in peripheral blood samples from newly diagnosed ITP patients...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596653/neonatal-outcomes-of-pregnancy-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#9
Nuriye Aslı Melekoğlu, Ali Bay, Elif H Aktekin, Mehmet Yilmaz, Ercan Sivasli
Neonates born to mothers with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) have an increased risk for neonatal thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic complications. The aim of this study was to determine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnancies with ITP and also to identify risk factors that predicts neonatal thrombocytopenia. We performed a retrospective analysis of 40 pregnancies with ITP and their 40 neonates. Among the 40 neonates, thrombocytopenia (platelet count of less than 150 × 10(9)/L) was detected in 15 neonates (37...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592772/current-topics-in-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia
#10
Yoshiaki Tomiyama
Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by early platelet destruction due to antiplatelet autoantibodies. Recently, significant progress has been made regarding the pathophysiology of ITP. Nonetheless, the diagnosis of ITP in daily clinical practice is still based on differential diagnosis because of the lack of laboratory tests that can diagnose autoimmunity in ITP. In this chapter, the recent topics regarding the diagnosis and management of ITP have been reviewed.
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592755/acute-myeloid-leukemia-developing-secondary-immune-thrombocytopenia-after-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation
#11
Rena Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Ito, Naoko Hosono, Yasufumi Matsuda, Katsunori Tai, Ippei Sakamaki, Goh Aoki, Hirohito Yamazaki, Shinji Nakao, Takahiro Yamauchi
A 64-year-old man was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia M2 (FLT3-ITD-positive). After induction chemotherapy and four courses of consolidation therapy, he underwent umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT) in his first remission. He developed acute graft-versus-host disease (skin stage 2) after successful engraftment. On post-transplantation day 147, he was admitted to the hospital suffering from pneumonia. During the treatment, drastic thrombocytopenia was observed on day 251. Both platelet-associated immunoglobulin G and platelet antibody producing B cells were detected, and he was diagnosed with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591945/-effect-of-ifn-%C3%AE-2b-on-cox-2-and-angiogenesis-in-jak2v617f-mutation-myeloproliferative-neoplasms
#12
Ya-Ling Zhao, Li-Jun Zhang, Jian-Zhu Fu, Qian Xu, Gui-Min Liu, Xu-Lei Xie, Wen-Tong Liang, Zhi-Yon Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of interferon-alpha-2b (IFN-α2b) with JAK2 kinase, COX-2 and microvessel density in patients of MPN and the relation of JAK2V617F and COX-2 in human erythroleukemia cell line (HEL) cells. METHODS: Forty-two cases of MPN patients with JAK2V617F mutation of initial treatment were collected from the Frist hospital of Baoding, including the IFN-α2b treatment group with 17 cases and untreated group with 25 cases. 10 cases of idiopathic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patients synchronization were enrolled as controls...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573819/use-of-eltrombopag-for-secondary-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-clinical-practice
#13
Tomás J González-López, María T Alvarez-Román, Cristina Pascual, Blanca Sánchez-González, Fernando Fernández-Fuentes, Gloria Pérez-Rus, José A Hernández-Rivas, Silvia Bernat, José M Bastida, María P Martínez-Badas, Violeta Martínez-Robles, Inmaculada Soto, Pavel Olivera, Estefanía Bolaños, Rafael Alonso, Laura Entrena, Marta Gómez-Nuñez, Arancha Alonso, María Yera Cobo, Isabel Caparrós, María Tenorio, Esther Arrieta-Cerdán, Elsa Lopez-Ansoar, Javier García-Frade, José R González-Porras
Eltrombopag is a second-line treatment in primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). However, its role in secondary ITP is unknown. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag in secondary ITP in daily clinical practice. Eighty-seven secondary ITP patients (46 with ITP secondary to autoimmune syndromes, 23 with ITP secondary to a neoplastic disease subtype: lymphoproliferative disorders [LPDs] and 18 with ITP secondary to viral infections) who had been treated with eltrombopag were retrospectively evaluated...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566594/the-effective-treatment-with-cyclosporine-of-a-ulcerative-colitis-patient-with-concurrent-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-who-subsequently-developed-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#14
Tsutomu Iwasa, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Eikichi Ihara, Akira Aso, Tetsuhide Ito
Although extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel diseases are not uncommon, few reports have described concurrent idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is also a rare complication of ulcerative colitis (UC). This report describes the case of a 14-year-old boy who experienced recurrent ulcerative colitis 3 months after temporary improvement following treatment with prednisolone (20 mg/day) and granulocyte/monocyte adsorption apheresis. His platelet counts decreased, suggesting ITP...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565834/intravenous-infusion-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-in-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-two-year-follow-up
#15
Xiaohua Wang, Xiaoguang Yin, Wei Sun, Jin Bai, Yawen Shen, Qiang Ao, Yongquan Gu, Ying Liu
Four patients with chronic refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) received human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). The hUC-MSC dose was 5×10(7) to 1×10(8). Complete remission (CR) was achieved in three patients in 12 months and one patient in 24 months. Three patients received the second hUC-MSC transplantation with the same dose. The median time between hUC-MSC transplantation and response was 12.5 days (range, 7-16). There were no severe adverse events during and post hUC-MSC transplantation...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565739/-research-on-the-negative-immune-regulation-of-nk-cells-in-patients-with-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia
#16
Y J Zhang, W Qu, H Liu, Y H Wang, C Y Liu, L J Li, H Q Wang, R Fu, L M Xing, Z H Shao
Objective: To investigate the levels of NK cells and their relevant cytokines (IL-10, TGF-β and IFN-γ) in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) . Methods: All samples were obtained from 42 patients (22 newly diagnosed and 20 in remission) and 20 healthy volunteers. The levels of IL-10 and IFN-γ in blood serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) . The percentage of CD3(-) CD56(+) NK cell, CD3(-) CD56(bright) CD16(-) NK cell, CD3(-) CD56(dim) CD16(+) NK cell in peripheral blood lymphocyte were detected by flow cytometry...
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565738/-comparative-study-between-two-bleeding-grading-systems-of-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia
#17
S Xiao, Q Liu, M Hou
Objective: To evaluate prospectively the clinical significance of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) bleeding scale (version 2016 of ITP bleeding scale) recommended in consensus of Chinese experts on diagnosis and treatment of adult primary immune thrombocytopenia (version 2016) by Chinese Medical Association. Methods: A total of 88 patients were assessed by ITP bleeding scale (version 2016) and ITP specific bleeding assessment tool (ITP-BAT) to analyze the association between bleeding score of ITP bleeding scale (version 2016) and platelet counts, gender, disease stage, also to evaluate interinstrument consistency between two bleeding grading systems...
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565737/-a-study-on-the-establishment-of-immune-thrombocytopenia-model-induced-by-anti-platelet-gp%C3%A2-b%C3%AE-antibodies
#18
K X Zhou, R Yan, M X Chen, J Liu, Q Y Cui, R P Hu, Y C Liu, Y Zhang, C G Ruan, K S Dai
Objective: To establish primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) animal model induced by anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein GPⅠbα antibodies AN51 and R300. Methods: Twenty guinea pigs (6-8 week) were divided into 4 groups. Five guinea pigs in each group were intravenously injected with different doses of AN51 (0.05, 0.1, 0.2 μg/g) and 0.2 μg/g IgG as control. The whole blood was collected from inner angular venous plexus. Platelets number was determined by an automated cell counter and Swiss-Jim method. Then, the similar protocol was used to establish ITP nude mice model by intraperitoneal injection of different concentrations of anti-platelet GPⅠbα antibody R300, respectively...
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565736/-predictors-of-fatigue-among-individuals-with-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-china
#19
Y Li, M E Lyu, Y T Hao, B Y Sun, Y T Huang, R F Fu, F Xue, X F Liu, L Zhang, R C Yang
Objective: To study the fatigue symptoms of adult patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and to analyze the possible factors that affect the severity of fatigue. Methods: Eligible adult patients with ITP who admitted to Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital were enrolled in this study and the questionnaires including a Chinese version of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-Fatigue) , the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) , the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) and demographic information were completed...
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565735/-a-prospective-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-maintenance-therapy-with-recombinant-human-thrombopoietin-in-patients-with-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-multicenter-study
#20
H C Cai, S J Wang, L Fu, X M Wang, M Hou, P Qin, F P Chen, X H Zhang, H Huang, J S He, R H Wu, J Y Ma, R C Yang, X F Liu, Y Tian, A J Liu, J S Wu, W W Zhu, Y H Zhou, W B Liu, Y Hu, W J He, Y Li, D Pan, Y Q Zhao
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of maintenance therapy with reduced dose of rhTPO in the patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) who attained stable platelet (PLT) counts after daily administration of rhTPO. Methods: Treatment was started with a daily administration of rhTPO (300 U/kg) for 2 consecutive weeks. Patients who attained stable PLT≥50×10(9)/L were enrolled to maintenance therapy starting with every other day administration of rhTPO, then adjusted dose interval to maintain platelet count (30-100) ×10(9)/L...
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
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