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Forensic mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963298/cross-sector-user-and-provider-perceptions-on-experiences-of-shared-care-clozapine-a-qualitative-study
#1
Camilla Sowerby, Denise Taylor
OBJECTIVES: (1) To explore individual perceptions on experiences of people receiving and/or delivering a shared-care clozapine serviceand (2) to gain an understanding of effectiveness and acceptability of shared-care clozapine. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological analysis guided the delivery and analysis of a semistructured interview and focus group study designed to explore participant experience of shared-care clozapine. Ethical approval 13/EM/0286 was gained in July 2013 from East Midlands-Nottingham 1 REC...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962684/rights-laws-and-tensions-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-and-the-who-resource-book-on-mental-health-human-rights-and-legislation
#2
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Good mental health legislation is essential for ensuring high quality mental health care and protecting human rights. Many countries are attempting to bring mental health legislation in line with the UN - Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability (UN-CRPD). The UN-CRPD requires policy-makers to rethink the 'medical model' of mental illness and existing laws. It also challenges WHO guidelines on drafting mental health law, described in the WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation (WHO-RB)...
September 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960741/prolonged-use-of-seclusion-and-mechanical-restraint-in-mental-health-services-a-statewide-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Brian McKenna, Samantha McEvedy, Tessa Maguire, Jo Ryan, Trentham Furness
Seclusion and mechanical restraint are restrictive interventions that should be used only as a last resort and for the shortest possible time, yet little is known about duration of use in the broader context. Adult area mental health services throughout Victoria, Australia, were asked to complete a report form for prolonged episodes of seclusion (>8 hours) and mechanical restraint (>1 hour). The present, retrospective cohort study aimed to understand the individual (age, sex, type of service, duration of intervention) and contextual factors associated with prolonged use of restrictive interventions...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960740/predicting-aggressive-behaviour-in-acute-forensic-mental-health-units-a-re-examination-of-the-dynamic-appraisal-of-situational-aggression-s-predictive-validity
#4
Tessa Maguire, Michael Daffern, Steven J Bowe, Brian McKenna
In the present study, we explored the predictive validity of the Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASA) assessment tool in male (n = 30) and female (n = 30) patients admitted to the acute units of a forensic mental health hospital. We also tested the psychometric properties of the original DASA bands and novel risk bands. The first 60 days of each patient's file was reviewed to identify daily DASA scores and subsequent risk-related nursing interventions and aggressive behaviour within the following 24 hours...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960738/de-escalation-techniques-used-and-reasons-for-seclusion-and-restraint-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#5
Satu Kuivalainen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Olavi Louheranta, Anu Putkonen, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Jari Tiihonen
In Finland, the Mental Health Act determines the legal basis for seclusion and restraint. Restrictive measures are implemented to manage challenging situations and should be used as a last resort in psychiatric inpatient care. In the present study, we examined the reasons for seclusion and restraint, as well as whether any de-escalation techniques were used to help patients calm down. Seclusion and restraint files from a 4-year period (1 June 2009-31 May 2013) were retrospectively investigated and analysed by content analysis...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954582/serial-murder-an-unusual-stereotype
#6
Mandar R Sane, Anand B Mugadlimath, Jamebaseer M Farooqui, Anand B Janagond, Pradeep K Mishra
Serial murders attract attention from the media, mental health experts, academia, and the general public. We present a case of serial murders that took place in a limited area and which caused public anxiety and anguish in central India. All the victims were homeless beggars, who were bludgeoned to death (crush injury). Individual murders were initially investigated by different police stations; fortunately, since they sent all the bodies to a common autopsy centre, a forensic pathologist was able to link all the cases, the first person to do so...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950809/quality-of-life-in-dementia-sufferers-diet-and-exercise-in-an-evaluatory-role
#7
Pasquale Ricci, Francesco Massoni, Lidia Ricci, Emanuela Onofri, Giuseppe Donato, Serafino Ricci
Among the myriad of factors modulating quality of life (QoL) assessments estimated in patients presenting a variety of cognitive impairments (People With Dementia - PWD), the distinctive and critical influence of diet and exercise cannot be overestimated. The present study reviews the evi-dence to confirm the association between these health-endowering agents and cognitive perfor-mance in PWD, as well as providing a correlation between MMSE (Mini Mental State Examination) scores and available anthropometric data...
September 25, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943186/making-visible-the-invisible-aboriginal-forensic-mental-health
#8
Michael Wright, Sophie Davison, Edward Petch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936813/-clinical-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-that-affect-the-recommendation-for-assignment-of-a-legal-representative-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Erhan Akıncı, Fatih Öncü, Can Ger, Mustafa Sabuncuoğlu, Anıl Kırmızı, Nezih Eradamlar
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Forensic Psychiatry Unit by the court in order to determine factors that affected the decision to appoint a legal representative. METHODS: The reports of health council, follow-up outpatient, and hospitalization files of a total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Department of Forensic Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic of Bakirköy Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital between 1st June 2009-31st December 2011 were examined...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904814/factors-impacting-perceived-safety-among-staff-working-on-mental-health-wards
#10
Alina Haines, Andrew Brown, Rhiannah McCabe, Michelle Rogerson, Richard Whittington
BACKGROUND: Safety at work is a core issue for mental health staff working on in-patient units. At present, there is a limited theoretical base regarding which factors may affect staff perceptions of safety. AIMS: This study attempted to identify which factors affect perceived staff safety working on in-patient mental health wards. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed across 101 forensic and non-forensic mental health wards, over seven National Health Service trusts nationally...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893122/recovery-of-offenders-formerly-labeled-as-not-criminally-responsible-uncovering-the-ambiguity-from-first-person-narratives
#11
Natalie Aga, Freya Vander Laenen, Stijn Vandevelde, Elke Vermeersch, Wouter Vanderplasschen
The recovery paradigm is a widely accepted strength-based approach in general mental health care. Particular challenges arise when applying this paradigm in a forensic context. To address these issues, the present study examined recovery based on first-person narratives of offenders formerly labeled as not criminally responsible of whom the judicial measure was abrogated. Eleven in-depth interviews were conducted to obtain information on lived experiences and recovery resources of this hard-to-reach and understudied population...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891121/mental-health-courts-and-forensic-assertive-community-treatment-teams-as-correctional-diversion-programs
#12
Jacqueline Landess, Brian Holoyda
Problem-solving courts (PSCs) developed as a means of mandating treatment and judicial supervision of certain types of court participants. PSCs have rapidly expanded in number and type over several decades. Mental health courts (MHCs) are a type of PSC that arose in response to the growing number of persons with mental illness within the criminal justice system. Their primary role is to divert individuals with mental illness from incarceration into psychiatric treatment and to reduce recidivism while improving psychosocial functioning of participants...
September 11, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860799/implementation-of-the-short-term-assessment-of-risk-and-treatability-over-two-phases
#13
Erik Kroppan, Kåre Nonstad, Runar Busch Iversen, Erik Søndenaa
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) has provided a strong evidence base to predict a range of problem behaviors. The implementation of START and adaptation of the services to the use of START have so far been sparsely described in the literature. The purpose of this study was to describe the continuation and the interdisciplinarity of risk assessments through the two phases. METHODS: Over a period of 10 years, the forensic mental health services at Brøset has implemented START in two phases: initially with implementing the instrument (2005-2009) and secondarily by customizing the instrument to everyday treatment and planning (since 2009)...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854050/forensic-nursing-and-the-palliative-approach-to-care-an-empirical-nursing-ethics-analysis
#14
David Kenneth Wright, Brandi Vanderspank-Wright, Dave Holmes, Elise Skinner
BACKGROUND: A movement is underway to promote a palliative approach to care in all contexts where people age and live with life-limiting conditions, including psychiatric settings. Forensic psychiatry nursing-a subfield of mental health nursing- focuses on individuals who are in conflict with the criminal justice system. We know little about the values of nurses working in forensic psychiatry, and how these values might influence a palliative approach to care for frail and aging patients...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832596/femicide-in-turkey-between-2000-and-2010
#15
Sadik Toprak, Gokhan Ersoy
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important problem that threatens women's health, very few studies focus on the victim-perpetrator relationship or examine this relationship across Turkey. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of femicide cases in Turkey and to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, forensic, and criminological characteristics of femicide victims and offenders. This study analysed 162 femicide cases that occurred in 12 cities in Turkey from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799186/the-psycholegal-factors-for-juvenile-transfer-and-reverse-transfer-evaluations
#16
Christopher M King
It remains unclear whether forensic mental health assessments for juvenile reverse transfer (to juvenile court) are distinct from those for juvenile transfer (to adult court). This survey consisted of an updated review of transfer and reverse transfer laws (in jurisdictions that have both mechanisms) in light of the generally accepted three-factor model of functional legal capacities involved in transfer evaluations (i.e., risk, sophistication-maturity, and treatment amenability). Results indicated that a majority of states' reverse transfer statutes refer explicitly or implicitly to the same three psycholegal constructs identified as central for transfer...
August 11, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767018/poor-sleep-and-its-relation-to-impulsivity-in-patients-with-antisocial-or-borderline-personality-disorders
#17
M M Van Veen, J Karsten, M Lancel
Studies investigating sleep and personality disorders consistently demonstrate a relation between personality disorders characterized by behavioral disinhibition and/or emotional dysregulation (traditionally termed cluster B personality disorders) and poor sleep. This finding is in line with previous studies associating insomnia with impulsive behavior, since this is a core characteristic of both antisocial and borderline personality disorder. The current study investigates a group (n = 112) of forensic psychiatric inpatients with antisocial or borderline personality disorder or traits thereof...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764672/seeking-to-understand-lived-experiences-of-personal-recovery-in-personality-disorder-in-community-and-forensic-settings-a-qualitative-methods-investigation
#18
Andrew Shepherd, Caroline Sanders, Jenny Shaw
BACKGROUND: Understandings of personal recovery have emerged as an alternative framework to traditional ideas of clinical progression, or symptom remission, in clinical practice. Most research in this field has focussed on the experience of individuals suffering with psychotic disorders and little research has been conducted to explore the experience of individuals with a personality disorder diagnosis, despite the high prevalence of such difficulties. The nature of the personality disorder diagnosis, together with high prevalence rates in forensic settings, renders the understanding of recovery in these contexts particularly problematic...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759775/forensic-mental-health-evaluations-of-military-personnel-with-traumatic-life-event-in-a-university-hospital-in-ankara-turkey
#19
Huseyin Balandiz, Abdullah Bolu
INTRODUCTION: The definition of psychological trauma has been rephrased with the DSM-5. From now on, witnessing someone else's traumatic event is also accepted as a traumatic life event. Therefore, the psychiatric examination of forensic cases gains importance for not overlooking a psychiatric trauma. This research aims to discuss the psychiatric examinations of military personnel who had a traumatic life event and to reveal psychiatric states of soldiers after trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The forensic reports prepared at Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA), Forensic Medicine polyclinic between January 1, 2011 and November 30, 2014 were examined, and among them the cases sent to GMMA Psychiatry polyclinic for psychiatric examination were analyzed retrospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750909/thank-you-for-asking-exploring-patient-perceptions-of-barcode-medication-administration-identification-practices-in-inpatient-mental-health-settings
#20
Gillian Strudwick, Carrie Clark, Brittany McBride, Moshe Sakal, Kamini Kalia
BACKGROUND: Barcode medication administration systems have been implemented in a number of healthcare settings in an effort to decrease medication errors. To use the technology, nurses are required to login to an electronic health record, scan a medication and a form of patient identification to ensure that these correspond correctly with the ordered medications prior to medication administration. In acute care settings, patient wristbands have been traditionally used as a form of identification; however, past research has suggested that this method of identification may not be preferred in inpatient mental health settings...
September 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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