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Forensic mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458312/reflections-on-researcher-departure-closure-of-prison-relationships-in-ethnographic-research
#1
Laura Abbott, Tricia Scott
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom has the highest incarceration rate in Western Europe. It is known that women in prison are a vulnerable female population who are at risk of mental ill-health due to disadvantaged and chaotic life experiences. Accurate numbers of pregnant women held in UK prisons are not recorded, yet it is estimated that 6%-7% of the female prison population are at varying stages of pregnancy and around 100 babies are born to incarcerated women each year. There are limited published papers that document the departure of the researcher following closure of fieldwork with women in prison...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422940/strength-based-assessment-for-future-violence-risk-a-retrospective-validation-study-of-the-structured-assessment-of-protective-factors-for-violence-risk-saprof-japanese-version-in-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients
#2
Hiroko Kashiwagi, Akiko Kikuchi, Mayuko Koyama, Daisuke Saito, Naotsugu Hirabayashi
Background: The Structured Assessment of PROtective Factors for violence risk (SAPROF) was recently developed as a strength-based addition to the risk assessment of future violent behavior. We examined the interrater reliability and predictive accuracy of the SAPROF for violence in forensic mental health inpatient units in Japan. Methods: This retrospective record study provides an initial validation of the SAPROF in a Japanese sample of 95 forensic psychiatric inpatients from a complete 2008-2013 cohort...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415683/the-risks-needs-and-stages-of-recovery-of-a-complete-forensic-patient-cohort-in-an-australian-state
#3
Jonathon Adams, Stuart D M Thomas, Tobias Mackinnon, Damien Eggleton
BACKGROUND: Routine outcome measures are increasingly being mandated across mental health services in Australia and overseas. This requirement includes forensic mental health services, but their utility in such specialist services and the inter-relationships between the measures remain unclear. This study sought to characterise the risks, needs and stages of recovery of an entire cohort of forensic patients in one jurisdiction in Australia. METHODS: Local expert groups, comprising of members of the forensic patient treating teams, were formed to gather information about the status and needs of all forensic patients in the State of New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405902/the-prevalence-of-constant-supportive-observations-in-high-medium-and-low-secure-services
#4
Katie Lambert, Simon Chu, Chris Duffy, Victoria Hartley, Alison Baker, Jane L Ireland
Aims and method We explored the prevalence and use of constant supportive observations (CSO) in high, medium and low secure in-patient services in a single National Health Service (NHS) mental health trust. From clinical records, we extracted data on the length of time of CSO, the reason for the initiation of CSO and associated adverse incidents for all individuals who were placed on CSO between July 2013 and June 2014. RESULTS: A small number of individuals accounted for a disproportionately large proportion of CSO hours in each setting...
February 6, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371882/thematic-series-capmh-forensic-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-mental-health-2017
#5
EDITORIAL
Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354482/effect-of-educational-intervention-on-attitudes-toward-the-concept-of-criminal-responsibility
#6
Akihiro Shiina, Tomihisa Niitsu, Aiko Sato, Soichiro Omiya, Takako Nagata, Aika Tomoto, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Yoshito Igarashi, Masaomi Iyo
AIM: To evaluate the effect of educational intervention on individuals' knowledge of and attitudes toward forensic mental health. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire regarding attitudes toward various ideas about forensic mental health. The respondents attended a 1-h seminar regarding forensic mental health after answering the questionnaire. On completion of the seminar, the respondents answered another questionnaire containing many of the same questions as contained in the pre-seminar questionnaire...
December 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353176/predicting-time-to-recall-in-patients-conditionally-released-from-a-secure-forensic-hospital-a-survival-analysis
#7
Amelia Jewell, Christopher Cocks, Alexis E Cullen, Tom Fahy, Kimberlie Dean
BACKGROUND: The recall of conditionally discharged forensic patients in England is a formal order from the Ministry of Justice under the Mental Health Act (1983) which has the power to revoke conditional release and direct readmission to hospital. Recall has significant implications for the individual and for hospital services, but despite this, little is known about predictors of recall for forensic patients. METHODS: We examined the rate of recall for 101 patients conditionally discharged from medium secure forensic inpatient services between 2007 and 2013...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351784/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-inpatients-in-forensic-mental-health-implications-for-occupational-therapists
#8
Padraic O' Flynn, Roisin O' Regan, Ken O' Reilly, Harry G Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336084/age-onset-of-offending-and-serious-mental-illness-among-forensic-psychiatric-patients-a-latent-profile-analysis
#9
Stephanie R Penney, Aaron Prosser, Alexander I F Simpson
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifestation of offending over the life course. AIMS: To test whether forensic psychiatric patients can be classified according to age of onset of SMI and offending, and, if so, whether subtypes differ by sex. METHODS: Details of all 511 patients enrolled into a large forensic mental health service in Ontario, Canada, in 2011 or 2012 were collected from records...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#10
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294965/sources-of-social-support-after-patient-assault-as-related-to-staff-well-being
#11
Erin L Kelly, Karissa M Fenwick, John S Brekke, Raymond W Novaco
Patient assault is a serious issue for the well-being of staff in psychiatric hospitals. To guide workplace responses to patient assault, more information is needed about social support from different sources and whether those supports are associated with staff well-being. The present study examines social support after patient assault from work-based and nonwork-based sources, and whether inpatient psychiatric staff desires support from them and perceive the support received as being effective. Received support across sources was examined in relations to staff well-being (physical health, mental health, anger, sleep quality) and perceptions of safety...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294939/multidisciplinary-responses-to-the-sexual-victimization-of-children-use-of-control-phone-calls
#12
J William Canavan, Christine Borowski, Stacy Essex, Stefan Perkowski
This descriptive study addresses the question of the value of one-party consent phone calls regarding the sexual victimization of children. The authors reviewed 4 years of experience with children between the ages of 3 and 18 years selected for the control phone calls after a forensic interview by the New York State Police forensic interviewer. The forensic interviewer identified appropriate cases for control phone calls considering New York State law, the child's capacity to make the call, the presence of another person to make the call and a supportive residence...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294660/gender-differences-in-complex-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-their-relationship-to-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-outcomes-in-incarcerated-adults
#13
Paulette Giarratano, Julian D Ford, Thomas H Nochajski
Complex trauma (CT; for example, childhood abuse) has been associated with significant behavioral health problems (i.e., mental health and substance use disorders) and symptoms that are consistent with complex posttraumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). CT is prevalent in adult forensic populations, and particularly important for women as they tend to report more adverse consequences of exposure to traumatic stressors and are entering the criminal justice system at a heightened rate compared with men. However, no studies have empirically tested the relationship among CT, C-PTSD, and behavioral health problems with gender among incarcerated adults...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284379/sociodemographic-information-aversive-and-traumatic-events-offence-related-characteristics-and-mental-health-of-delinquent-women-in-forensic-psychiatric-care-in-switzerland
#14
Sandy Krammer, Hedwig Eisenbarth, Carole Fallegger, Michael Liebrenz, Dorothee Klecha
The present study describes a much understudied group-namely, female prisoners under forensic-psychiatric care in the German-speaking part of Switzerland-to improve understanding of their risks and their needs. Data were derived from internal databases of a Forensic-Psychiatric Service. Data were collected in the form of their sociodemographic characteristics, prevalence of aversive and traumatic events, type of offence committed, and mental health conditions. Based on a full-sample approach, a total of 1,571 files were analysed...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284378/assessing-protective-factors-for-violence-risk-in-u-k-general-mental-health-services-using-the-structured-assessment-of-protective-factors
#15
Alina Haines, Andrew Brown, Syed Fahad Javaid, Fayyaz Khan, Steve Noblett, Oladipupo Omodunbi, Khurram Sadiq, Wahid Zaman, Richard Whittington
Violence risk assessment and management are key tasks in mental health services and should be guided by validated instruments covering both risk and protective factors. This article is part of an international effort to validate the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors (SAPROF) for violence. The SAPROF, Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20 (HCR-20) and the Psychopathy Checklist-Screening Version (PCL-SV) were administered in a sample of 261 patients in U.K. forensic, general inpatient, and community mental health settings...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282790/an-evaluation-of-a-specialist-firesetting-treatment-programme-for-male-and-female-mentally-disordered-offenders-the-fip-mo
#16
Nichola Tyler, Theresa A Gannon, Lona Lockerbie, Caoilte Ó Ciardha
Individuals who set deliberate fires are frequently encountered by clinicians working in forensic mental health services. However, little attention has been paid to developing standardised treatment for this behaviour, and few evaluations of treatment have been conducted in forensic mental health services. This study evaluates a new standardised group cognitive behavioural treatment programme for individuals residing in forensic psychiatric hospitals who have engaged in deliberate firesetting (The Firesetting Intervention Programme for Mentally Disordered Offenders; FIP-MO)...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282235/the-forensic-mental-health-services-census-of-forensic-populations-in-state-facilities
#17
Joseph D Bloom, David Novosad
This article focuses on the development of a Forensic Mental Health Services Census (FMHSC), proposed to differentiate between five different patient populations institutionalized in state facilities. The FMHSC would comprise patients who are civilly committed for mental illness or sexual dangerousness, those found incompetent to stand trial, those committed after a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity, and those voluntarily committed. The census would be performed by state mental health authorities for each of these populations within the particular jurisdiction and then would be reported to a national coordinating organization...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234515/measuring-relational-security-in-forensic-mental-health-services
#18
REVIEW
Verity Chester, Regi T Alexander, Wendy Morgan
Aims and method Relational security is an important component of care and risk assessment in mental health services, but the utility of available measures remains under-researched. This study analysed the psychometric properties of two relational security tools, the See Think Act (STA) scale and the Relational Security Explorer (RSE). Results The STA scale had good internal consistency and could highlight differences between occupational groups, whereas the RSE did not perform well as a psychometric measure...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206080/understanding-forensic-psychiatry-in-healthcare-practices-and-collaboration-between-legal-nurse-consultants-and-physicians
#19
Daphne K Sharpe, Jasmine K Hall, Sochima Ochije, Rahn K Bailey
In 2000, the Institute of Medicine stunned many professionals with their published report that noted the vast number of deaths that occur each year in hospitals across the United States which reach as many as 98,000. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that the healthcare arena faces litigious issues regularly, with some specialties budgets being significantly impacted by the cost of maintaining liability insurance. Legal Nurse Consultants and forensic physicians working in tandem but who work independently from treating clinicians can carry out forensic independent medical examinations (IME)...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203502/characteristics-of-nps-use-in-patients-admitted-to-acute-psychiatric-services-in-southeast-scotland-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis-following-public-health-interventions
#20
Kyle H Bennett, Helen M Hare, Robert M Waller, Helen L Alderson, Stephen Lawrie
OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of selective prohibition and seizure of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) supply on NPS use prevalence within psychiatric admissions and evaluate demographic characteristics of current NPS users. DESIGN: A 6-month retrospective cross-sectional analysis of discharge letters between 1 October 2015 and 31 March 2016. SETTING: General psychiatry inpatients and intensive home treatment team (IHTT) community patients at a psychiatric hospital in a Scottish city...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
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