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Forensic mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672912/discerning-bias-in-forensic-psychological-reports-in-insanity-cases
#1
Tess M S Neal
This project began as an attempt to develop systematic, measurable indicators of bias in written forensic mental health evaluations focused on the issue of insanity. Although forensic clinicians observed in this study did vary systematically in their report-writing behaviors on several of the indicators of interest, the data are most useful in demonstrating how and why bias is hard to ferret out. Naturalistic data were used in this project (i.e., 122 real forensic insanity reports), which in some ways is a strength...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672095/concurrent-validity-of-the-personality-assessment-screener-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#2
Shannon E Kelley, John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Mental health problems are disproportionately prevalent in forensic and correctional settings, and there have been numerous attempts to develop screening tools to evaluate individuals in such contexts. This study investigates the clinical utility of the Personality Assessment Screener (PAS; Morey, 1997), a brief self-report measure of risk for emotional and behavioral dysfunction, in a large mixed-gender offender sample (N = 1,658). The PAS is a 22-item measure derived from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 2007), a more comprehensive self-report instrument widely used to assess for psychological disturbances among forensic and correctional populations...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618541/understanding-tattoos-in-medicolegal-assessments
#3
Carolina A Klein, Christopher Kenedi
Tattoos have held different meanings throughout history, with particular significance in cultural, social, and clinical contexts. Psychiatrists have long been interested in understanding the relevance of the tattooed body in a clinical or forensic evaluation and in settling on interpretive models that hold reliable value. Some studies have indicated that tattoos may be associated with markers of high-risk behaviors, mental illness diagnosis, and personality disorders. We attempt to provide an updated and comprehensive guide for forensic evaluators, so they can incorporate the observation of tattoos into their assessments with a review of the scientific literature that supports the interpretations and places them in context...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618540/mental-condition-requirement-in-competency-to-stand-trial-assessments
#4
Andrew D Reisner, Jennifer L Piel
In Ohio, a criminal defendant is incompetent to stand trial only if "a present mental condition" renders him unable to understand the nature and objectives of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense. Some forensic mental health evaluators have treated the mental-condition requirement as synonymous with, or similar to, the psychiatric condition required in the state's insanity criteria, which requires a "severe mental disease or defect." Yet the term mental condition does not appear in other areas of the state's criminal code or in the state's definition of a mental illness for purposes of civil commitment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618536/court-ordered-evaluations-from-a-mental-health-court
#5
Seth Judd, George F Parker
Mental health courts (MHCs) have been in existence for more than 20 years, but little is known about the demographics, clinical features, and court outcomes of MHC defendants court-ordered for competence to stand trial (CST) evaluations. We examined these items in defendants who underwent CST evaluations for the Marion County, IN, MHC. The MHC defendants were significantly more likely than defendants referred from other courts to be male, black, unemployed, and on disability, and have a history of prior arrests and psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601414/feeling-safe-and-taking-on-responsibilities-newly-graduated-nurses-perceptions-and-evaluations-of-their-transition-into-a-forensic-mental-health-inpatient-setting
#6
Tanja Sørensen, Ellen B Tingleff, Frederik A Gildberg
Forensic mental health care is faced with serious problems in the recruitment and retention of newly graduated nurses (NGNs). Research into NGNs' experiences of their transition to and evaluations of transition programs in forensic care is sparse, and more studies are called for. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of NGNs' experiences and perceptions of their transition into a forensic setting and their evaluations of the introduction period. Three focus group interviews were carried out, involving 13 NGNs, lasting 79...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594160/job-related-stress-in-forensic-interviewers-of-children-with-use-of-therapy-dogs-compared-with-facility-dogs-or-no-dogs
#7
Diane Walsh, Mariko Yamamoto, Neil H Willits, Lynette A Hart
Sexually abused children providing essential testimony regarding crimes in forensic interviews now sometimes are provided facility dogs or therapy dogs for comfort. Facility dogs are extensively trained to work with forensic interviewers; when using therapy dogs in interviews, volunteers are the dog handlers. Interviews can impact child welfare workers' mental health causing secondary traumatic stress (STS). To investigate this stress, first data were gathered on stress retrospectively for when interviewers initially started the job prior to working with a dog, and then currently, from forensic interviewers using a facility dog, a therapy or pet dog, or no dog...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582891/age-and-iq-explained-working-memory-performance-in-a-rct-with-fatty-fish-in-a-group-of-forensic-inpatients
#8
A L Hansen, G Ambroziak, D Thornton, L Dahl, B Grung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a long-term fatty fish intervention on a pure cognitive mechanism important for self-regulation and mental health, i.e. working memory (WM), controlling for age and IQ. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A forensic facility. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four young to middle aged male forensic inpatients with psychiatric disorders. INTERVENTION: Consumption of farmed salmon or control meal (meat) three times a week during 23 weeks...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580216/an-evaluation-of-functional-mental-capacity-in-forensic-mental-health-practice-the-dundrum-capacity-ladders-validation-study
#9
Gearoid Moynihan, Ken O'Reilly, Jane O'Connor, Harry G Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Because of the potential gravity of finding a person incompetent, assessment of mental capacity is challenging for clinicians. We aimed to test validity of a new structured professional judgement tool designed to assess functional mental capacity in three domains - finances, welfare and healthcare. METHODS: Fifty-five male forensic psychiatric patients with Schizophrenia were interviewed using the Dundrum Capacity Ladders - a new semi-structured interview, and scores were assigned on a stratified scoring system, measuring ability to understand, reason, appreciate the personal importance of the decision at hand and communicate a decision...
March 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575261/using-the-internet-for-collateral-information-in-forensic-mental-health-evaluations
#10
Gianni Pirelli, Sara Hartigan, Patricia A Zapf
There is a burgeoning literature regarding using Internet-based data in employment, university admissions, and healthcare settings, but such pertaining to forensic mental health assessment (FMHA) contexts is only beginning to develop and professional ethics codes have yet to address these issues in depth. We present the first empirical investigation of mental health and related professionals' (n = 139) attitudes and practices regarding using Internet data in forensic and therapeutic contexts. Respondents reported their experiences and levels of agreement with items measuring beliefs and attitudes toward using Internet-based data in various professional situations (e...
March 25, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573117/taking-parents-seriously-the-experiences-of-parents-with-a-son-or-daughter-in-adult-medium-secure-forensic-mental-health-care
#11
Gemma Finlay-Carruthers, Jason Davies, John Ferguson, Kevin Browne
Adult forensic mental health services provide care and treatment to individuals with complex offending and mental health histories. However, little attention has been paid to the parents of those receiving care within them. This research explored the experiences of parents with an adult son or daughter with mental illness in a medium secure mental health unit. Transcripts from semi-structured interviews were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. This led to the identification of three superordinate themes: 'Something's not right'-onset of mental distress; 'It's a terrible battle'-relating with professionals; and 'A very sad fact of life'-caring with no end in sight were identified which together contained nine subordinate themes...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561064/increasing-amphetamine-use-and-forensic-involvement-among-clients-of-three-residential-indigenous-alcohol-and-other-drug-services-in-victoria-australia
#12
Stelliana Goutzamanis, Peter Higgs, Mike Richardson, Sarah MacLean
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indigenous people seeking residential alcohol and other drug (AOD) rehabilitation in Victoria are most frequently referred to the Ngwala Willumbong Co-operative (Ngwala). This study aimed to describe socio-demographic changes in clients of Ngwala's residential rehabilitation services between 2015 and 2016. DESIGN AND METHODS: Self-assessment surveys completed upon screening for rehabilitation between May 2015 and November 2016 (n = 117) were analysed for socio-demographic data, AOD use and mental health status...
March 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521451/fear-and-blame-in-mental-health-nurses-accounts-of-restrictive-practices-implications-for-the-elimination-of-seclusion-and-restraint
#13
Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Candice Oster
Restrictive practices continue to be used in mental health care despite increasing recognition of their harms and an international effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate their use. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore mental health nurses' views of the potential elimination of these practices. Nine focus groups were conducted with 44 mental health nurses across Australia, and the data analysed using thematic analysis. Overall, the nurses expressed significant fear about the potential elimination of restrictive practices and saw themselves as being blamed for both the use of these practices and the consequences should they be eliminated...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520819/virtual-reality-applications-for-diagnosis-risk-assessment-and-therapy-of-child-abusers
#14
Peter Fromberger, Kirsten Jordan, Jürgen L Müller
Despite the successful application of virtual reality (VR) in a wide variety of mental disorders and the obvious potentials that VR provides, the use of VR in the context of criminology and forensic psychology is sparse. For forensic mental health professionals, VR provides some advantages that outrun general advantages of VR, e.g., ecological validity and controllability of social situations. Most important seems to be the unique possibility to expose offenders and to train coping skills in virtual situations, which are able to elicit disorder-relevant behavior-without endangering others...
March 9, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520740/the-relationship-between-severe-mental-disorders-and-recidivism-in-a-sample-of-women-released-from-prison
#15
Erin A King, Stephen J Tripodi, Christopher A Veeh
Women are one of the fastest growing sectors of the prison population, and have different pathways into prison and differing needs during the reentry process when compared to men (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010b; Herrschaft et al. J Offender Rehabil; 48:463-482, 2009). Women report higher levels of mental health problems overall, and report more severe symptomatology (Cloyes et al. J Forensic Nurs; 6:3-14, 2010a; Hyde 2012; Lynch et al. 2014). The current study focuses on the role of severe mental disorders for women released from prison...
March 8, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515468/ehealth-in-treatment-of-offenders-in-forensic-mental-health-a-review-of-the-current-state
#16
Hanneke Kip, Yvonne H A Bouman, Saskia M Kelders, Lisette J E W C van Gemert-Pijnen
Background: Treatment of offenders in forensic mental health is complex. Often, these in- or outpatients have low treatment motivation, suffer from multiple disorders, and have poor literacy skills. eHealth may be able to improve treatment outcomes because of its potential to increase motivation and engagement, and it can overcome the predominant one-size-fits-all approach by being tailored to individual patients. Objective: To examine its potential, this systematic review studies the way that eHealth has been used and studied in forensic mental health and identifies accompanying advantages and disadvantages for both patients and treatment, including effectiveness...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493652/-from-opg-to-rems-the-role-of-a-territorial-health-service-in-the-implementation-of-security-and-non-custodial-measures-towards-offenders-with-psychological-problems
#17
Gianmarco Latte, Livia Avvisati, Sara Calandro, Carmela Di Filippo, Monica Di Genio, Giovanna Di Iorio, Valentina Gilardi, Sara Giordano, Antonio Maria Pagano
AIMS: Managing health care for people suffering from mental illness is undergoing deep changes in recent years in Italy. The purpose of this study is to describe the progressive process of overcoming the Forensic Hospitals in Italy (OPGs) and to identify the necessary care and rehabilitation pathways in this process, in the experience of the territorial health service in Salerno, Italy. METHODS: An analysis of the recent laws related to the ongoing process and an analysis of epidemiological and structural data referring to the time interval between 2010 and 2017 concerning the OPGs/Residential Services for the Execution of Security Measures (RSESM)/Mental Health System in Campania, Italy and in the territory of Salerno in particular...
January 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480770/reform-of-italian-forensic-mental-health-care-challenges-and-opportunities-following-law-81-2014
#18
Gareth Hopkin, Ester Messina, Graham Thornicroft, Mirella Ruggeri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480766/hazardous-alcohol-consumption-in-non-aboriginal-male-inmates-in-new-south-wales
#19
Courtney Field
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine correlates and predictors of hazardous drinking behaviour, that may be considered evidence of generalised strain, in a sample of incarcerated non-Aboriginal males in New South Wales, Australia. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from 283 non-Aboriginal male inmates as part of a larger epidemiological survey of inmates in NSW undertaken in 2015 by the Justice Health and Forensic Mental Health Network. Data relating to a range of social factors were selected with reference to relevant literature and assessed with regards their predictive value for scores from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458312/reflections-on-researcher-departure-closure-of-prison-relationships-in-ethnographic-research
#20
Laura Abbott, Tricia Scott
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom has the highest incarceration rate in Western Europe. It is known that women in prison are a vulnerable female population who are at risk of mental ill-health due to disadvantaged and chaotic life experiences. Accurate numbers of pregnant women held in UK prisons are not recorded, yet it is estimated that 6%-7% of the female prison population are at varying stages of pregnancy and around 100 babies are born to incarcerated women each year. There are limited published papers that document the departure of the researcher following closure of fieldwork with women in prison...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
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