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Diabetes, tuberculosis, hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492777/tuberculosis-and-diabetes-probabilistic-linkage-of-databases-to-study-the-association-between-both-diseases
#1
Ricardo Gadelha de Abreu, Artur Iuri Alves de Sousa, Maria Regina Fernandes de Oliveira, Mauro Niskier Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: to describe the profile of cases of tuberculosis and diabetes comorbidity in Brazil. METHODS: this is a descriptive study with data from the Brazilian Information System for Notifiable Diseases - tuberculosis (Sinan-TB) and from the System of Registration and Monitoring of Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (Hiperdia), from 2007 to 2011; probabilistic linkage was carried out with Reclink software. RESULTS: 24,443 cases of comorbidity were found, including 3,181 cases not registered on Sinan-TB; of the total number of recovered cases, mostly were males (57...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480721/a-rare-cause-of-emphysematous-infectious-gastritis
#2
Jorge Galván Fernández, Maria Isabel Jiménez Cuenca, Isabel Molpeceres Martínez, María Luisa Álvarez-Quiñones
A 61 year-old man with a history of hypertension, type2 diabetes, chronic renal failure, tuberculosis and peripheral arterial disease presented with gangrene in the right leg. A right supracondylar amputation was performed, despite which the patient continued with a high fever, oliguria and hypotension (90/50). Laboratory work-up showed neutrophilic leukocytosis and metabolic acidosis. CT revealed pneumoperitoneum, emphysema and thickening of the gastric wall. Changing the CT window we can appreciate air dissecting the layers of the gastric wall...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470074/patient-satisfaction-with-nurse-delivery-primary-health-care-services-in-free-state-and-gauteng-provinces-south-africa-a-comparative-study
#3
Wilfred N Nunu, Pascalia O Munyewende
BACKGROUND: The majority of health care users in South Africa utilise primary health care (PHC) services where these services are free at the point of entry. There is a dearth of knowledge on the factors influencing patient satisfaction with PHC clinic services. AIM: This study compared patient satisfaction with PHC services in the Free State (FS) and Gauteng (GP) provincesSetting: Secondary data analysis was conducted on a cross-sectional survey obtained from the Research on the State of Nursing Project run by the Centre for Health Policy in 2012...
April 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423031/comorbidities-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Hyemin Jeong, Sun Young Baek, Seon Woo Kim, Yeong Hee Eun, In Young Kim, Hyungjin Kim, Jaejoon Lee, Eun-Mi Koh, Hoon-Suk Cha
This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the non-RA population. The 2010-2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), which assesses the general health status of populations in South Korea using interviews and basic health assessment, was analyzed retrospectively. Weighted prevalence and odds ratio (OR) of comorbidities were analyzed in patients with RA compared with the non-RA population. The overall weighted (n = 37,453,158) prevalence of RA was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412726/inhaled-corticosteroids-have-a-protective-effect-against-lung-cancer-in-female-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Shih-Feng Liu, Ho-Chang Kuo, Meng-Chih Lin, Shu-Chen Ho, Mei-Lien Tu, Yu-Mu Chen, Yung-Che Chen, Wen-Feng Fang, Chin-Chou Wang, Guan-Heng Liu
Whether the use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) protects patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) from lung cancer remains undetermined. In this retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study, we extracted data of 13,686 female COPD patients (ICS users, n = 1,290, ICS non-users, n = 12,396) diagnosed between 1997 and 2009 from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance database. These patients were followed-up until 2011, and lung cancer incidence was determined. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for lung cancer incidence...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358254/risk-factors-related-with-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-converted-to-open-nephrectomy-for-nonfunctioning-renal-tuberculosis
#6
Bo Xu, Jinghai Hu, Anxiang Chen, Yuanyuan Hao, GuoHui Liu, Chunxi Wang, Xiaoqing Wang
PURPOSE: The present study was designed to investigate the risk factors affecting the conversion to open surgery in retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy of nonfunctioning renal tuberculosis (TB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 144 patients who underwent a retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy procedure by a single surgeon were retrospectively reviewed. The following factors, including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), diabetes status, hypertension status, side of kidney, size of kidney, degree of calcification, mild perirenal extravasation, contralateral hydronephrosis, the time of anti-TB, and surgeon experience were analyzed...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276619/hospital-admissions-by-the-oldest-old-past-trends-in-one-of-the-most-ageing-countries-in-the-world
#7
Daniela Brandão, Oscar Ribeiro, Alberto Freitas, Constança Paúl
AIM: To examine discharges of octogenarians, nonagenarians and centenarians from Portuguese public hospitals, namely admission type, principal diagnoses, comorbidities and length of stay. METHODS: The present study used administrative data from public acute care hospitals in the Portuguese National Health Service. All discharges of persons aged ≥80 years between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. HCUP Clinical Classifications Software was considered to aggregate principal diagnosis, and comorbidities were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index computed using International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision Clinical Modification codes...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214275/detection-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-by-nested-pcr-in-hiv-negative-patients-with-pulmonary-disease
#8
Cristina Rodrigues Santos, Ângela M de Assis, Edson A Luz, Luzia Lyra, Ivan F Toro, José Claudio C Seabra, Dira H Daldin, Tathiane U Marcalto, Marcos T Galasso, Ronaldo F Macedo, Angélica Z Schreiber, Francisco H Aoki
BACKGROUND: Nested PCR can be used to determine the status of Pneumocystis jirovecii infection in other lung diseases. AIMS: This study sought to detect a target DNA fragment (mitochondrial large subunit rRNA or mtL SUrRNA) of P. jirovecii in patients with lung disease who underwent bronchoscopy with collection of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). METHODS: The results from toluidine blue staining were compared with those obtained using molecular methods that included an "in house" DNA extraction procedure, PCR and nested PCR...
February 14, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108140/steroid-treatment-in-ocular-tuberculosis-a-double-edged-sword
#9
S Souissi, T David, L Beral
INTRODUCTION: We report the case of a Caribbean patient with an atypical presentation of bilateral tuberculous chorioretinopathy. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 57-year-old woman, with hypertension and non-insulin dependent diabetes, was referred to our center for a sudden loss of vision in the right eye to hand motions. Ophthalmic examination revealed only right papilledema. Brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal. Laboratory examination revealed no signs of inflammation...
February 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100178/a-retinopathy-in-young-patient-with-co-inheritance-of-heterozygous-alpha%C3%A2-%C3%A2-thalassemia-and-sickle-trait-a-case-report
#10
Zohra Ouzzif, Aissam El Maataoui, Zeinab Traore, Asmae Biaz, Samira El Machtani, Abdellah Dami, Sanae Bouhsain, Nezha Messaoudi, Fatiha Benchrifa
BACKGROUND: The retinopathy is an uncommon complication in individuals with sickle cell trait except for the cases of sickle cell trait associated with systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, syphilis, tuberculosis and sarcoidosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A retinopathy in a 16 year-old child with no history of consanguinity in the parents revealed a sickle S trait associated to heterozygous alpha thalassemia. His mother has Sickle cell anaemia (Hb SS) and his father is a carrier of heterozygous alpha-thalassemia status that it was unknown before...
January 18, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#11
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009317/-evaluation-of-the-realtionship-of-different-pathogenic-factors-and-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-diabetes
#12
Z Kurbanova, A Bahshaliyev, R Bayramov, J Ismailzada
Definition of the most important factors and their combination, causing the disturbances of heart rhythm in patients with the pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes, now attracts more and more attention. For this purpose, extensively used the capabilities of multifactorial analysis, which allowed to evaluate the distribution of the pathological factors and their interaction with each other. The objects of the study were complex examination the data of 90 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes-27, non-insulin- dependent diabetes-63)...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917313/open-surgery-versus-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-for-renal-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-study-of-120-patients
#13
Su Zhang, You Luo, Cheng Wang, Hu Xiong, Sheng-Jun Fu, Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic renal surgery has been widely used in the treatment of renal diseases. However, there is still little research about its application in addressing renal tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively investigate the surgical results of laparoscopic and open surgery for nonfunctional tuberculous kidneys. METHODS: Between May 2011 and June 2016, 120 nephrectomies were performed in patients with a nonfunctional tuberculous kidney...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913560/cohort-profile-the-diabetes-tuberculosis-treatment-outcome-ditto-study-in-pakistan
#14
Fatima Mukhtar, Zahid A Butt
PURPOSE: Pakistan is faced with an increasing prevalence of diabetes in addition to its existing high burden of tuberculosis (TB). Diabetes has a detrimental effect on treatment outcomes of patients with TB, which may hinder achieving the goals of the End-TB strategy by 2030. We conducted a prospective cohort study to determine difference between treatment outcomes among patients with diabetes and new pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and patients without diabetes and new PTB. This would help generate contextual and valid scientific evidence from a developing country like Pakistan with its unique interplay of sociocultural, economic and health system factors to inform policy and practice...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893966/vaccination-via-chloroplast-genetics-affordable-protein-drugs-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-inherited-or-infectious-human-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Henry Daniell, Hui-Ting Chan, Elise K Pasoreck
Plastid-made biopharmaceuticals treat major metabolic or genetic disorders, including Alzheimer's, diabetes, hypertension, hemophilia, and retinopathy. Booster vaccines made in chloroplasts prevent global infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, malaria, cholera, and polio, and biological threats, such as anthrax and plague. Recent advances in this field include commercial-scale production of human therapeutic proteins in FDA-approved cGMP facilities, development of tags to deliver protein drugs to targeted human cells or tissues, methods to deliver precise doses, and long-term stability of protein drugs at ambient temperature, maintaining their efficacy...
November 23, 2016: Annual Review of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#16
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853753/elevated-circulating-concentrations-of-interferon-gamma-in-latent-tuberculosis-infection
#17
Moises A Huaman, George S Deepe, Carl J Fichtenbaum
BACKGROUND: Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) has been associated with increased immune activation. We assessed circulating concentrations of interferon-gamma in persons with LTBI. METHODS: We used the 2011-2012 National Health Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) to identify adults with and without LTBI by QuantiFERON(®)-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) results. Non-LTBI persons were 1:1 age-, gender-, and race-matched to LTBI persons using propensity scores. We compared the plasma concentrations of interferon-gamma measured from the unstimulated, negative control QFT tube between LTBI and non-LTBI persons...
October 2016: Pathogens & Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752009/prevalence-and-presentation-of-tuberculosis-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-khartoum-sudan
#18
Amin S I Banaga, Nihad K Siddiq, Randa T Alsayed, Rasha Babiker, Khalifa Elmusharaf
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem in the developing countries. There are limited data about the prevalence of TB patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in Sudan. The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence and presentation of TB among Sudanese maintenance HD patients. This is a hospital-based descriptive study. The participants of the study are all HD patients distributed in 13 HD centers in Khartoum and Khartoum North Provinces in Sudan. All patients attended the HD centers from November 1, 2014 to February 1, 2015, were interviewed by a questionnaire focused on personal and clinical data...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609056/the-double-burden-of-disease-among-mining-workers-in-papua-indonesia-at-the-crossroads-between-old-and-new-health-paradigms
#19
Rodrigo Rodriguez-Fernandez, Nawi Ng, Dwidjo Susilo, John Prawira, Michael J Bangs, Rachel M Amiya
BACKGROUND: As the global shift toward non-communicable diseases overlaps with the unfinished agenda of confronting infectious diseases in low- and middle-income countries, epidemiological links across both burdens must be recognized. This study examined the non-communicable disease-infectious disease overlap in the specific comorbidity rates for key diseases in an occupational cohort in Papua, Indonesia. METHODS: Diagnosed cases of ischaemic heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes (types 1 and 2), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, cancer, HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria were extracted from 22,550 patient records (21,513 men, 1037 women) stored in identical electronic health information systems from two clinic sites in Papua, Indonesia...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573316/georeferenced-and-secure-mobile-health-system-for-large-scale-data-collection-in-primary-care
#20
Joao H G Sa, Marina S Rebelo, Alexandra Brentani, Sandra J F E Grisi, Leonardo H Iwaya, Marcos A Simplicio, Tereza C M B Carvalho, Marco A Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health consists in applying mobile devices and communication capabilities for expanding the coverage and improving the effectiveness of health care programs. The technology is particularly promising for developing countries, in which health authorities can take advantage of the flourishing mobile market to provide adequate health care to underprivileged communities, especially primary care. In Brazil, the Primary Care Information System (SIAB) receives primary health care data from all regions of the country, creating a rich database for health-related action planning...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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