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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909754/dual-plate-fixation-on-distal-third-diaphyseal-fracture-of-the-humerus
#1
Jun-Ku Lee, Yun-Sung Choi, Young-Suk Sim, Dae-Sung Choi, Soo-Hong Han
INTRODUCTION: Displaced unstable distal third fractures of the humeral diaphysis are treated surgically through open reduction and internal fixation. Conventionally, surgeons prefer using long plates for secure fixation; however, we performed short plate dual plating for robust fixation that required a smaller incision and less dissection through an anterior approach. In this study, we report the results of dual plating of fractures of the humeral shaft, with radiographic evidence and clinical analysis...
December 1, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908742/arthroscopic-arthrodesis-of-the-shoulder-in-brachial-plexus-palsy
#2
Hubert Lenoir, Thomas Williams, Aude Griffart, Cyril Lazerges, Michel Chammas, Bertrand Coulet, Dominique Le Nen
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroscopic arthrodesis is an uncommon and non-standardized procedure. Results are poorly evaluated. We describe the findings in 8 patients who underwent shoulder arthroscopic arthrodesis for brachial plexus injury. METHODS: The humeral head and glenoid were excised through standard arthroscopic portals. A Hoffmann external fixator and cannulated screws were used to stabilize the shoulder. Standard clinical assessment and radiographic evaluation were performed each month until bony fusion occurred...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904948/evaluation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-patient-rated-elbow-evaluation-questionnaire
#3
Mohammad Reza Farazdaghi, Ali Mansoori, Omid Vosoughi, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad
Elbow joint pathologies are highly prevalent in Persian-speaking countries. A reliable low-cost method like an appropriate questionnaire is mandatory for the early diagnosis of elbow joint disorders. Among designed questionnaires, Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation (PREE) is an accepted commonly used scale evaluating pain and dysfunction of the patients. The aims of the study were to cross-culturally adapt and also to identify the psychometric properties of the Persian PREE. The original version of the PREE was translated and cross-culturally adapted to Persian according to the guidelines by Beaton et al...
November 30, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904798/functional-outcomes-after-distal-biceps-brachii-repair-a-case-series
#4
Christine L Redmond, Tim Morris, Charissa Otto, Tanisha Zerella, John G Semmler, Taaibos Human, Joideep Phadnis, Gregory I Bain
OBJECTIVES: To investigate outcomes after surgical repair of distal biceps tendon rupture and the influence of arm dominance on isokinetic flexion and supination results. BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While relatively uncommon, rupture of the distal biceps tendon can result in significant strength deficits, for which surgical repair is recommended. The purpose of this study was to assess patient reported functional outcomes and muscle performance following surgery. METHODS: A sample of 23 participants (22 males, 1 female), who had previously undergone surgical repair of the distal biceps tendon, were re-examined at a minimum of one year after surgery...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#5
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900709/double-locking-precontoured-plating-system-for-malunited-fractures-of-the-distal-end-of-humerus
#6
L Tarallo, R Mugnai, M Rocchi, C Rovesta, F Catani
BACKGROUND: Distal humeral malunions are uncommon injuries, often associated with limited elbow motion, pain, instability, weakness, and sometimes ulnar neuritis. The complex anatomy of the elbow joint makes this condition one of the most complex elbow injuries to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients were treated by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2013 using a double-locking precontoured plating system for malunited intra-articular or extra-articular fractures of the distal end of the humerus...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900307/arthroscopic-fixation-of-coronoid-process-fractures-through-coronoid-tunnelling-and-capsular-plication
#7
Paolo Arrigoni, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Davide Cucchi, Simone Nicoletti, Enrico Guerra
PURPOSE: the purpose of this study is to describe a new arthroscopic technique for reduction and fixation of coronoid process fractures (CPFs) and report clinical and functional results in 4 patients after a 24-month follow-up. METHODS: four patients underwent arthroscopic reduction and fixation of isolated CPFs (acute or non-unions, type I or type II according to the Regan-Morrey classification) performed using a new technique based on coronoid tunnelling and capsular plication...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896290/do-clinical-results-and-return-to-sport-rates-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-differ-based-on-graft-choice-and-surgical-technique
#8
Brandon J Erickson, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Rachel M Frank, Bernard R Bach, Mark S Cohen, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) has become a common procedure performed in overhead-throwing athletes of many athletic levels. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to determine whether clinical outcomes and return-to-sport (RTS) rates differ among patients undergoing UCLR based on graft choice, surgical technique, athletic competition level, handedness, and treatment of the ulnar nerve. We hypothesized that no differences would exist in clinical outcomes or RTS rates between technique, graft choice, or other variables...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891170/prevalence-and-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-pain-among-danish-fishermen-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen work in a physically challenging work environment. The aim of this analysis was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal pain among Danish fishermen. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey in a random sample of Danish fishermen was done with application of the Nordic questionnaire regarding musculoskeletal pain considering lower back, shoulders, hand neck, knee, upper back elbow, hip and feet. In total, 270 fishermen participated in the study (response rate: 28%)...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886841/management-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-divers
#10
REVIEW
Steven C Haase
Modern competitive diving-especially platform diving-applies dramatic stress to the upper extremity. Some stress occurs during handstand-style takeoffs, but more force is delivered to the hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder during hands-first entry. Hand positions that minimize the amount of splash result in forceful wrist extension. This repetitive impact can lead to chronic upper extremity pain and acute injuries that require operative intervention. Many divers use taping and bracing to prevent or treat this type of injury, but these are only modestly effective...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881628/normative-reference-values-for-strength-and-flexibility-of-1-000-children-and-adults
#11
Marnee J McKay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Paulo Ferreira, Milena Simic, Natalie Vanicek, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. METHODS: A standardized reliable protocol of hand-held and fixed dynamometry for isometric strength of ankle, knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder musculature as well as goniometry for flexibility of the ankle, knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and cervical spine was performed in an observational study investigating 1,000 healthy male and female participants aged 3-101 years...
November 23, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876449/reduction-in-spasticity-in-stroke-patient-with-paraffin-therapy
#12
Jing Wang, Peng Yu, Ming Zeng, Xudong Gu, Yan Liu, Mingyue Xiao
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to confirm whether paraffin therapy offer clinical value in the treatment of spasticity due to stroke. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with spasticity in the upper limb were included. The patients were randomized into the experimental group with paraffin therapy (n = 27) and the control group with placebo therapy (n = 25). The outcome measures besides temperature examination were undertaken at time points of 0 (T0), 2 (T1) and 4 weeks (T2) following therapy treatment...
November 23, 2016: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876362/boxer-s-elbow-internal-impingement-of-the-coronoid-and-olecranon-process-a-report-of-seven-cases
#13
Paul M Robinson, Mike Loosemore, Adam C Watts
BACKGROUND: Boxer's elbow has been described in the literature as an extension and hyperextension injury. However, in our experience, there is a coexisting impingement lesion in the anterior compartment of the elbow that has not previously been described. We report a series of professional boxers with elbow disease treated arthroscopically. The aim of the paper was to accurately describe the pathoanatomy of the condition, the key points in its diagnosis, and the outcomes of surgical treatment...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869630/a-prospective-evaluation-of-opioid-utilization-after-upper-extremity-surgical-procedures-identifying-consumption-patterns-and-determining-prescribing-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Nayoung Kim, Jonas L Matzon, Jack Abboudi, Christopher Jones, William Kirkpatrick, Charles F Leinberry, Frederic E Liss, Kevin F Lutsky, Mark L Wang, Mitchell Maltenfort, Asif M Ilyas
BACKGROUND: Although adequate management of postoperative pain with oral analgesics is an important aspect of surgical procedures, inadvertent overprescribing can lead to excess availability of opioids in the community for potential diversion. The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate opioid consumption following outpatient upper-extremity surgical procedures to determine opioid utilization patterns and to develop prescribing guidelines. METHODS: All patients undergoing outpatient upper-extremity surgical procedures over a consecutive 6-month period had the following prospective data collected: patient demographic characteristics, surgical details, anesthesia type, and opioid prescription and consumption patterns...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810264/the-nirschl-procedure-versus-arthroscopic-extensor-carpi-radialis-brevis-debridement-for-lateral-epicondylitis
#15
Bong Cheol Kwon, Jin Young Kim, Kun-Tae Park
BACKGROUND: The Nirschl technique and arthroscopic debridement are common surgical procedures for chronic lateral elbow tendinopathy. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes following the use of these techniques to treat chronic lateral elbow tendinopathy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 59 elbows of 55 patients who did not improve after conservative treatment. Twenty-nine elbows of 26 patients were treated with the Nirschl procedure (Nirschl group), and 30 elbows of 29 patients were treated with arthroscopic debridement (arthroscopy group)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806538/epidemiology-of-the-upper-extremity-trauma-in-a-traumatic-center-in-iran
#16
Maryam Ameri, Kamran Aghakhani, Ebrahim Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic injuries are the most common types of traumatic injuries and present as fractures of the limbs, pelvis, and vertebrae or lesions in soft tissues, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The upper limb fractures occur in distal radius and ulna, metacarpals, fingers, scapula, and carpal bones, Proximal, diaphysis, distal humerus, clavicle, proximal ulna and radio and distal humero and humero, radio, ulna, and metacarpo. The objective of this project was to accurately describe the occurrence of injuries of the upper extremity and the mechanisms of such injuries in a representative sample of Iranian population...
August 10, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801698/magnetic-resonance-neurographic-and-clinical-long-term-results-after-oberlin-s-transfer-for-adult-brachial-plexus-injuries
#17
Florian S Frueh, Michael Ho, Andreas Schiller, Pascal Ducommun, Andrei Manoliu, Gustav Andreisek, Maurizio Calcagni, Pietro Giovanoli
The primary goal of the surgical treatment of upper brachial plexus injuries is to restore active elbow flexion. Accordingly, Oberlin's transfer has been frequently performed since 1994 and has influenced the development of other nerve transfers. However, the window of opportunity for nerve transfers remains a subject of controversy. The objective of this study was to assess magnetic resonance (MR) neurographic, clinical and electrophysiological long-term results after Oberlin's transfer. For this purpose, we performed a retrospective follow-up study...
October 31, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796190/postoperative-physical-therapy-management-of-tendon-transfer-for-digital-wrist-extension-due-to-multifocal-motor-neuropathy
#18
Steve Volpe
Study Design Case report. Background Multifocal motor neuropathy is a progressive motor nerve disorder characterized by muscle weakness in the extremities. Muscle imbalance and weakness can become so severe that the involved extremity can be rendered nonfunctional. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy postoperative management of a patient who underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digital/wrist extension of the right upper extremity. Case Description A 38-year-old woman with a medical diagnosis of multifocal motor neuropathy, which caused muscle imbalance and weakness in the right hand, underwent a multiple tendon transfer to correct the loss of digit and wrist extension...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793135/operative-treatment-of-2-part-surgical-neck-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus-ao-11-a3-in-the-elderly-cement-augmented-locking-plate-philos%C3%A2-vs-proximal-humerus-nail-multiloc%C3%A2
#19
Tobias Helfen, Georg Siebenbürger, Marcel Mayer, Wolfgang Böcker, Ben Ockert, Florian Haasters
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral fractures are with an incidence of 4-5 % the third most common fractures in the elderly. In 20 % of humeral fractures there is an indication for surgical treatment according to the modified Neer-Criteria. A secondary varus dislocation of the head fragment and cutting-out are the most common complications of angle stable locking plates in AO11-A3 fractures of the elderly. One possibility to increase the stability of the screw-bone-interface is the cement augmentation of the screw tips...
October 28, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792040/variation-in-pediatric-orthopedic-case-volume-among-residents-an-assessment-of-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-case-logs
#20
Richard M Hinds, Donna Phillips, Kenneth A Egol, John T Capo
The aim of this investigation was to examine graduating orthopedic resident case logs to evaluate trends in performing pediatric orthopedic procedures and compare pediatric orthopedic case volume among residents in the 90th, 50th, and 10th percentiles (by case volume) to identify caseload variation. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education orthopedic resident case logs were examined for graduating years 2007-2013. Linear regression analyses were carried out to assess temporal trends in pediatric orthopedic case volume...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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