keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

shoulder elbow hand

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675510/isolated-subscapularis-tendon-tear-in-a-skeletally-immature-soccer-player
#1
Paolo Avanzi, Luca Dei Giudici, Roberto Giovarruscio, Antonio Gigante, Claudio Zorzi
Subscapularis injury in adolescents, usually associated to an avulsion fracture of the lesser humeral tuberosity, accounts for less than 2% of all fractures of the proximal humerus. Isolated tears of the subscapularis tendon without a history of dislocation and associated avulsion fractures are an even rarer occurrence, and treatment is controversial. This article describes a rare case of a 12-year-old suffering from an isolated subscapularis tear and discusses its management. The patient was evaluated at presentation, and at 1 to 2...
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667850/a-survey-of-fellowship-trained-upper-extremity-surgeons-on-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#2
Steven R Niedermeier, Nisha Crouser, Amy Speeckaert, Kanu S Goyal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate current management strategies for lateral epicondylitis by fellowship-trained upper extremity surgeons. METHODS: A 17-question survey of treatment approaches and outcomes related to lateral epicondylitis was sent to 3354 surgeons using the American Society for Surgery of the Hand and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons member databases. RESULTS: Six hundred twelve upper extremity surgeons completed the survey...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666087/conservative-treatment-in-displaced-fractures-of-the-humeral-capitellum-a-reduction-technique-under-local-anaesthesia
#3
Takahisa Ogawa, Shinichi Shirasawa
We report the case of a 46-year-old woman who struck her right elbow on the ground after a fall on ice. Radiography showed a right humeral capitellar fracture, and CT further confirmed a Dubberley type 1A fracture. Closed reduction was performed under local anaesthesia, and an anatomical position was obtained. After the reduction, her right elbow was casted for 18 days. Three months after the injury, bone union was achieved without displacement, and the active range of motion of her right elbow recovered similar to the unaffected side...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658937/kinematic-analysis-using-3d-motion-capture-of-drinking-task-in-people-with-and-without-upper-extremity-impairments
#4
Margit Alt Murphy, Steve Murphy, Hanna C Persson, Ulla-Britt Bergström, Katharina Stibrant Sunnerhagen
Kinematic analysis is a powerful method for objective assessment of upper extremity movements in a three-dimensional (3D) space. Three-dimensional motion capture with an optoelectronic camera system is considered as golden standard for kinematic movement analysis and is increasingly used as outcome measure to evaluate the movement performance and quality after an injury or disease involving upper extremity movements. This article describes a standardized protocol for kinematic analysis of drinking task applied in individuals with upper extremity impairments after stroke...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650376/trapezius-muscle-transfer-for-restoration-of-elbow-extension-in-a-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#5
Hamza M Alrabai, Martin G Gesheff, Ahmed I Hammouda, Janet D Conway
Voluntary elbow extension is essential for optimal upper limb positioning required for daily living activities, particularly above-shoulder maneuvers. The authors present a case of traumatic brachial plexus injury in which paralysis of the musculature selectively supplied by the posterior cord was based on magnetic resonance imaging and nerve conduction studies. An attempt at a radial nerve graft at another center was not effective. Ipsilateral hand function improved after multiple local tendon transfers were performed...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648951/design-of-a-lightweight-soft-robotic-arm-using-pneumatic-artificial-muscles-and-inflatable-sleeves
#6
Preston Ohta, Luis Valle, Jonathan King, Kevin Low, Jaehyun Yi, Christopher G Atkeson, Yong-Lae Park
As robots begin to interact with humans and operate in human environments, safety becomes a major concern. Conventional robots, although reliable and consistent, can cause injury to anyone within its range of motion. Soft robotics, wherein systems are made to be soft and mechanically compliant, are thus a promising alternative due to their lightweight nature and ability to cushion impacts, but current designs often sacrifice accuracy and usefulness for safety. We, therefore, have developed a bioinspired robotic arm combining elements of rigid and soft robotics such that it exhibits the positive qualities of both, namely compliance and accuracy, while maintaining a low weight...
April 2018: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644897/the-feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-low-cost-virtual-reality-based-upper-limb-stroke-rehabilitation-device-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Alyson Warland, Ioannis Paraskevopoulos, Emmanuel Tsekleves, Jennifer Ryan, Alexander Nowicky, Joanne Griscti, Hannah Levings, Cherry Kilbride
PURPOSE: To establish feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an adapted version of a commercially available, virtual-reality gaming system (the Personalised Stroke Therapy system) for upper-limb rehabilitation with community dwelling stroke-survivors. METHOD: Twelve stroke-survivors (nine females, mean age 58 years, [standard deviation 7.1], median stroke chronicity 42 months [interquartile range 34.7], Motricity index 14-25 for shoulder and elbow) were asked to complete nine, 40-min intervention sessions using two activities on the system over 3 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628706/does-operative-fixation-of-isolated-fractures-of-ulna-shaft-results-in-different-outcomes-than-non-operative-management-by-long-arm-cast
#8
Altaf Hussain, Sandeep Kumar Nema, Deep Sharma, Sujiv Akkilagunta, Gopisankar Balaji
Objective: The optimal treatment for isolated fractures of ulnar shaft is debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare functional outcomes and radiological union in patients treated for isolated fractures of the ulnar shaft by open reduction and internal fixation and a long arm cast. Methods: This prospective study was conducted at level I trauma center from November 2014 to March 2016. 30 patients with isolated fractures of ulnar shaft were randomized to two groups to receive treatment by open reduction and internal fixation by plates and screws and a long arm cast...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619804/effect-of-voluntary-teeth-clenching-and-sitting-posture-on-maximal-static-force-of-limb-muscles
#9
Ahmad H Alghadir, Hamayun Zafar, Zaheen A Iqbal, Einas S Al-Eisa
BACKGROUND: People clench their teeth to activate facial, neck and abdominal muscles when they need to generate heavy muscle force against large resistance like lifting heavy objects, in order to gain possible ergogenic advantage. These are termed as remote voluntary contractions. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of voluntary teeth clenching on maximal voluntary contraction of extensors and flexors of the knee, shoulder and elbow joints of the dominant side during slouch and unsupported upright sitting...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619391/neck-back-and-shoulder-pains-and-ergonomic-factors-among-dental-students
#10
Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
BACKGROUND: Dynamic and static activities in dentistry cause musculoskeletal disorders, but dental students do not have sufficient awareness about the effects of ergonomic factors on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate ergonomic factors that cause pain muscle in dental students in Kerman Medical University, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis study was carried out on dental students of the 3rd , 4th , 5th , and 6th year, in clinical practice in the School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619151/musculoskeletal-disorders-as-common-problems-among-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#11
REVIEW
Ali Soroush, Mohammadbagher Shamsi, Neda Izadi, Behzad Heydarpour, Soheila Samadzadeh, Afshar Shahmohammadi
Background: Considering the importance of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) as one of the health consequences of job stress among nurses and significant contradictions in prevalence in different parts of the body, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of MSDs among Iranian nurses. Methods: All published studies from June 2000 until June 2015 were considered in reliable databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Google search, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Persian databases such as SID, Iran Medex, and Magiran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596450/manual-muscle-testing-and-hand-held-dynamometry-in-people-with-inflammatory-myopathy-an-intra-and-interrater-reliability-and-validity-study
#12
Pierrette Baschung Pfister, Eling D de Bruin, Iris Sterkele, Britta Maurer, Rob A de Bie, Ruud H Knols
Manual muscle testing (MMT) and hand-held dynamometry (HHD) are commonly used in people with inflammatory myopathy (IM), but their clinimetric properties have not yet been sufficiently studied. To evaluate the reliability and validity of MMT and HHD, maximum isometric strength was measured in eight muscle groups across three measurement events. To evaluate reliability of HHD, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), the standard error of measurements (SEM) and smallest detectable changes (SDC) were calculated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587695/comparison-between-absorbable-pins-and-mini-screw-fixations-for-the-treatment-of-radial-head-fractures-mason-type-ii-iii
#13
Luigi Tarallo, Raffaele Mugnai, Martina Rocchi, Francesco Capra, Fabio Catani
BACKGROUND: The treatment of comminuted radial head fractures can include prosthetic replacement or open reduction and internal fixation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of two different internal fixation systems for Mason type II-III radial head fractures. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, 82 patients were treated using pins and 65 patients by mini-screws. The follow-up protocol included: a clinical evaluation 15 days after surgery, and clinical and radiographic evaluations performed at 30 and 60 day intervals, unless any complications were reported by the patient...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587687/above-versus-below-elbow-casting-for-conservative-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-study-protocol
#14
Aldo Okamura, Gabriel Maciel de Mendonça, Jorge Raduan Neto, Vinicius Ynoe de Moraes, Flavio Faloppa, João Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: A variety of cast options are available for the non-surgical treatment of distal radius fractures (DRF) in adults. However, the literature is inconclusive regarding the need to immobilize the elbow joint after reduction in order to prevent rotation of the forearm in order to maintain the reduction of DRF. This study aimed to evaluate the best method of immobilization between above-elbow (AE) and below-elbow (BE) cast groups at the end of six-month follow-up. METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial with parallel groups and a blinded evaluator...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581995/role-of-rotational-kinematics-in-minimizing-elbow-varus-torques-for-professional-versus-high-school-pitchers
#15
Micheal J Luera, Brittany Dowling, Mitchel A Magrini, Tyler W D Muddle, Ryan J Colquhoun, Nathaniel D M Jenkins
Background: Elbow injury rates among baseball pitchers are rapidly rising. However, this increase has been most dramatic among high school (HS) pitchers. Purpose: To examine pitch velocity and the kinetic and kinematic characteristics of HS versus professional (PRO) pitchers to identify potential differences that may play a role in the increased risk of ulnar collateral ligament injury in youth pitchers. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575958/overall-benefits-provided-by-orthopedic-surgical-intervention-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Hajime Ishikawa, Asami Abe, Toshihisa Kojima, Masayo Kojima, Naoki Ishiguro, Yumi Nomura, Hiroshi Otani, Eriko Hasegawa, Daisuke Kobayashi, Satoshi Ito, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Akira Murasawa
OBJECTIVES: To clarify systemic effects of orthopedic surgical intervention in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was performed in RA patients who were scheduled to have primary elective orthopedic surgeries. Assessments were performed at baseline, 6 and 12 months after surgery using J-HAQ, General Health, EQ-5D, BDI-II, DAS28-CRP(4) and CRP for all registered patients, DASH and grip power for patients with upper-extremity surgeries, TUG for patients with lower-extremity surgeries, and JSSF for patients with ankle and forefoot surgeries...
April 16, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571031/defining-the-upper-extremity-range-of-motion-for-safe-automobile-driving
#17
Aziz Rawal, Ash Chehata, Tim Horberry, Matthew Shumack, Chao Chen, Luke Bonato
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines for return to driving following upper extremity injury. A greater comprehension of the role of the upper extremity in driving is required to assist clinicians in their fitness-to-drive assessments. This research aims to assist clinicians by analyzing the motion at the upper extremity in safe automobile driving. METHODS: Thirty-six participants were recruited to the Monash University Accident Research Centre's driving simulator...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567038/validating-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-computerized-adaptive-tests-for-upper-extremity-fracture-care
#18
Elizabeth B Gausden, Ashley E Levack, Danielle N Sin, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Peter D Fabricant, Andrew M Nellestein, David S Wellman, Dean G Lorich
BACKGROUND: Computerized adaptive testing (CAT) for patient-reported outcomes (PROs) is a developing area within orthopedic surgery. Our objective was to validate the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) CATs for upper extremity fracture care. We sought to correlate PROMIS with legacy PROs and to investigate floor and ceiling effects. METHODS: Patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation of upper extremity trauma were prospectively enrolled...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561446/results-of-arthroscopic-fixation-of-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-using-kirschner-wires
#19
Junliang Wang, Wei Qi, Xuezhen Shen, Sheng Tao, Yujie Liu
The goals of this study are to report an arthroscopic technique for the treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures using Kirschner wires (K-wires), and investigate the feasibility and evaluate the results.We retrospectively review 18 cases of closed Mason type II radial head fractures treated in our institution from August 2010 to May 2015. There were 13 males and 5 females with an average age of 30.6 (17-45 years) years. Injuries were caused by falling in 8 cases, by traffic accidents in 5 cases, and by sports in 5 cases...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547446/long-term-retention-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-during-residency
#20
Robert W Irwin, Jeffrey Smith, S Barry Issenberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents at a large academic medical center...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
81680
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"