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Kuffer cells

Andreas Lorenz Küffer, Aoife O'Donovan, Andrea Burri, Andreas Maercker
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk for age-related diseases and early mortality. Accelerated biological aging could contribute to this elevated risk. The aim of the present study was to assess buccal cell telomere length (BTL) - a proposed marker of biological age - in men and women with and without PTSD. The role of childhood trauma was assessed as a potential additional risk factor for shorter telomere length. The sample included 62 former indentured Swiss child laborers (age: M = 76...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Alexander Küffer, Asvin K K Lakkaraju, Amit Mogha, Sarah C Petersen, Kristina Airich, Cédric Doucerain, Rajlakshmi Marpakwar, Pamela Bakirci, Assunta Senatore, Arnaud Monnard, Carmen Schiavi, Mario Nuvolone, Bianka Grosshans, Simone Hornemann, Frederic Bassilana, Kelly R Monk, Adriano Aguzzi
Ablation of the cellular prion protein PrP(C) leads to a chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy affecting Schwann cells. Neuron-restricted expression of PrP(C) prevents the disease, suggesting that PrP(C) acts in trans through an unidentified Schwann cell receptor. Here we show that the cAMP concentration in sciatic nerves from PrP(C)-deficient mice is reduced, suggesting that PrP(C) acts via a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). The amino-terminal flexible tail (residues 23-120) of PrP(C) triggered a concentration-dependent increase in cAMP in primary Schwann cells, in the Schwann cell line SW10, and in HEK293T cells overexpressing the GPCR Adgrg6 (also known as Gpr126)...
August 25, 2016: Nature
Bo Hu, Katja Simon-Keller, Stefan Küffer, Philipp Ströbel, Thomas Braun, Alexander Marx, Stefan Porubsky
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is caused by autoantibodies against the neuromuscular junction of striated muscle. Most MG patients have autoreactive T- and B-cells directed to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR). To achieve immunologic tolerance, developing thymocytes are normally eliminated after recognition of self-antigen-derived peptides. Presentation of muscle-specific antigens is likely achieved through two pathways: on medullary thymic epithelial cells and on medullary dendritic cells cross-presenting peptides derived from a unique population of thymic myoid cells (TMC)...
March 2016: Experimental Neurology
Tommaso Lombardi, Roger Küffer
Dynamic concept of oral lichen planus. The diagnosis easy at early stages may become difficult in ancient lichen planus. Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis of the skin, skin appendages and mucous membranes, which frequently affects the oral mucosa. Its aetiology still remains unknown, and currently accepted pathogenesis is that of an autoimmune cell-mediated disease. To the contrary of skin lichen planus, oral lichen planus is a long-term chronic disease with dynamic evolution, in which progressive and profound changes of the clinical and histopathological aspects occur over time and under the influence of various exogenous factors...
February 2016: La Presse Médicale
Felix Bremmer, Simon Schallenberg, Hubertus Jarry, Stefan Küffer, Silke Kaulfuss, Peter Burfeind, Arne Strauß, Paul Thelen, Heinz Joachim Radzun, Philipp Ströbel, Friedemann Honecker, Carl Ludwig Behnes
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are the most common malignancies in young men. Most patients with GCT can be cured with cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy, even in metastatic disease. In case of therapy resistance, prognosis is usually poor. We investigated the potential of N-cadherin inhibition as a therapeutic strategy. We analyzed the GCT cell lines NCCIT, NTERA-2, TCam-2, and the cisplatin-resistant sublines NCCIT-R and NTERA-2R. Effects of a blocking antibody or siRNA against N-cadherin on proliferation, migration, and invasion were investigated...
October 20, 2015: Oncotarget
Darawalee Wangsa, Salim Akhter Chowdhury, Michael Ryott, E Michael Gertz, Göran Elmberger, Gert Auer, Elisabeth Åvall Lundqvist, Stefan Küffer, Philipp Ströbel, Alejandro A Schäffer, Russell Schwartz, Eva Munck-Wikland, Thomas Ried, Kerstin Heselmeyer-Haddad
Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is associated with poor prognosis. To improve prognostication, we analyzed four gene probes (TERC, CCND1, EGFR and TP53) and the centromere probe CEP4 as a marker of chromosomal instability, using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in single cells from the tumors of sixty-five OTSCC patients (Stage I, n = 15; Stage II, n = 30; Stage III, n = 7; Stage IV, n = 13). Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of the FISH data distinguished three clusters related to smoking status...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Anastasia Y Kuznetsova, Katarzyna Seget, Giuliana K Moeller, Mirjam S de Pagter, Jeroen A D M de Roos, Milena Dürrbaum, Christian Kuffer, Stefan Müller, Guido J R Zaman, Wigard P Kloosterman, Zuzana Storchová
Up to 80% of human cancers, in particular solid tumors, contain cells with abnormal chromosomal numbers, or aneuploidy, which is often linked with marked chromosomal instability. Whereas in some tumors the aneuploidy occurs by missegregation of one or a few chromosomes, aneuploidy can also arise during proliferation of inherently unstable tetraploid cells generated by whole genome doubling from diploid cells. Recent findings from cancer genome sequencing projects suggest that nearly 40% of tumors underwent whole genome doubling at some point of tumorigenesis, yet its contribution to cancer phenotypes and benefits for malignant growth remain unclear...
2015: Cell Cycle
Narges Tehrany, Julia Kitz, Margret Rave-Fränk, Stephan Lorenzen, Li Li, Stefan Küffer, Clemens F Hess, Peter Burfeind, Holger M Reichardt, Martin Canis, Tim Beissbarth, Hendrik A Wolff
BACKGROUND: Superior treatment response and survival for patients with human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive head and neck cancer (HNSCC) are documented in clinical studies. However, the relevance of high-grade acute organ toxicity (HGAOT), which has also been correlated with improved prognosis, has attracted scant attention in HPV-positive HNSCC patients. Hence we tested the hypothesis that both parameters, HPV and HGAOT, are positive prognostic factors in patients with HNSCC treated with definite radiotherapy (RT) or radiochemotherapy (RCT)...
July 2015: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Markus Hilty, Daniel Wüthrich, Susannah J Salter, Hansjürg Engel, Samuel Campbell, Raquel Sá-Leão, Hermínia de Lencastre, Peter Hermans, Ewa Sadowy, Paul Turner, Claire Chewapreecha, Mathew Diggle, Gerd Pluschke, Lesley McGee, Özgen Köseoğlu Eser, Donald E Low, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Andrea Endimiani, Marianne Küffer, Mélanie Dupasquier, Emmanuel Beaudoing, Johann Weber, Rémy Bruggmann, William P Hanage, Julian Parkhill, Lucy J Hathaway, Kathrin Mühlemann, Stephen D Bentley
The surrounding capsule of Streptococcus pneumoniae has been identified as a major virulence factor and is targeted by pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV). However, nonencapsulated S. pneumoniae (non-Ec-Sp) have also been isolated globally, mainly in carriage studies. It is unknown if non-Ec-Sp evolve sporadically, if they have high antibiotic nonsusceptiblity rates and a unique, specific gene content. Here, whole-genome sequencing of 131 non-Ec-Sp isolates sourced from 17 different locations around the world was performed...
December 2014: Genome Biology and Evolution
Thierry O Schaffner, Jason Hinds, Katherine A Gould, Daniel Wüthrich, Rémy Bruggmann, Marianne Küffer, Kathrin Mühlemann, Markus Hilty, Lucy J Hathaway
BACKGROUND: The polysaccharide capsule is a major virulence factor of the important human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, S. pneumoniae strains lacking capsule do occur. RESULTS: Here, we report a nasopharyngeal isolate of Streptococcus pneumoniae composed of a mixture of two phenotypes; one encapsulated (serotype 18C) and the other nonencapsulated, determined by serotyping, electron microscopy and fluorescence isothiocyanate dextran exclusion assay...
2014: BMC Microbiology
Inga-Marie Schaefer, Philipp Ströbel, Aung Thiha, Jan Martin Sohns, Christian Mühlfeld, Stefan Küffer, Gunther Felmerer, Adam Stepniewski, Silke Pauli, Abbas Agaimy
Perineurioma is a rare benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor featuring perineurial differentiation. Perineurioma occurs sporadically with only one reported case in the setting of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). We present a 6.7-cm soft tissue perineurioma of the lower leg in a 51-year-old man with proven NF-1. The tumor displayed whorled and fascicular pattern with infiltrative margins and expressed EMA, GLUT-1, claudin-1, and CD34. Electron microscopy confirmed diagnosis. Furthermore, lipomatosis, cutaneous angiomatous nodules, vasculopathy, and iliac spine lesion consistent with non-ossifying fibroma were observed...
2013: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
S Khan
Background: Hyperbilirubinemia is the result of imbalance between production and excretion of bilirubin by the liver. It may be because of hepatocellular, cholestatic or haemolytic diseases. Liver receives blood mainly through portal venous system, which receives blood from abdominal organs. Portal blood carries nutrients and other substances absorbed from gut including bacteria and its product (toxins). In small percentage, even in normal healthy people, bacteria are found in portal blood. It is commonly cleared by detoxification and immunological action of reticuloendothelial (RES) system of liver that act as first line defence in clearing toxic substances, bacteria and it's products...
July 2006: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
C L Behnes, J Bedke, S Schneider, S Küffer, A Strauss, F Bremmer, P Ströbel, H J Radzun
Myoglobin is a member of the hemoprotein superfamily, which additionally includes hemoglobin, neuroglobin and cytoglobin. Cytoplasmic localized myoglobin functions as a radical scavenger and prevents hypoxia. Besides muscle tissue MB expression could also be observed in other tissues as well as in different types of cancer. For the correlation between the expression of myoglobin, hypoxia-inducible-factor-1α, and capillary density tissue of 86 different renal cell carcinomas were immunohistochemically stained with myoglobin-specific and hypoxia-inducible-factor-1α-specific antibodies as well as with CD31 antibody...
December 2013: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Renfan Xu, Anyu Tao, Shasha Zhang, Muxun Zhang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is hepatic manifestation of a metabolic syndrome and includes a spectrum of hepatic steatosis, steatohepatitis, and fibrosis. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been reported to play a critical role in inflammatory progression of some liver diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the role of IL-17 on high fat diet-induced NAFLD in C57BL/6 mice. IL-17 blockade with anti-IL-17mAb significantly improved liver function, attenuated hepatic lipid accumulation, suppressed Kuffer cells activation, and decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines levels, which were associated with inhibition of NF-κB signaling cascades activation...
September 2013: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Djeda Belharazem, Matthias Kirchner, Franziska Geissler, Peter Bugert, Martin Spahn, Burkhard Kneitz, Hubertus Riedmiller, Christian Sauer, Stefan Küffer, Lutz Trojan, Christian Bolenz, Maurice Stephan Michel, Alexander Marx, Philipp Ströbel
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is the predominant IGF in adults and regulates cell growth. In contrast to normal tissues, where IGF2 is imprinted and only expressed from the paternal allele, loss of imprinting (LOI) and biallelic IGF2 expression are observed in many cancers including prostate cancer (PCa). We here studied whether LOI of IGF2 in normal circulating peripheral blood lymphocytes can predict increased PCa risk. SAMPLES AND METHODS: We analyzed IGF2 protein levels, IGF2 820G/A genotype and imprinting status, as well as methylation status of the IGF2 imprinting control region (ICR) in 113 blood samples of patients with a history of radical prostatectomy (RPE) for PCa by ELISA, restriction-fragment length polymorphism, and bisulfite-DNA sequencing...
November 1, 2012: Endocrine Connections
Dmitry Shaposhnikov, Christian Kuffer, Zuzana Storchova, Guido Posern
Myocardin related transcription factors A and B (MRTFs) activate serum response factor-driven transcription in response to Rho signaling and changes in actin dynamics. Myocardin and MRTFs have been implicated in anti-proliferative effects on a range of cell types. The precise mechanisms, however, remained elusive. We employed double knockdown of MRTF-A and MRTF-B in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts to evaluate its effects on cell cycle progression and proliferation. We show that transient depletion of MRTFs conveys a modest anti-proliferative effect and impinges on normal cell cycle progression, resulting in significantly shortened G 1 phase and slightly extended S and G 2 phase under normal growth conditions...
June 1, 2013: Cell Cycle
Christian Kuffer, Anastasia Yurievna Kuznetsova, Zuzana Storchová
Erroneously arising tetraploid mammalian cells are chromosomally instable and may facilitate cell transformation. An increasing body of evidence shows that the propagation of mammalian tetraploid cells is limited by a p53-dependent arrest. The trigger of this arrest has not been identified so far. Here we show by live cell imaging of tetraploid cells generated by an induced cytokinesis failure that most tetraploids arrest and die in a p53-dependent manner after the first tetraploid mitosis. Furthermore, we found that the main trigger is a mitotic defect, in particular, chromosome missegregation during bipolar mitosis or spindle multipolarity...
August 2013: Chromosoma
V García-García, A Bascones-Martínez, A I García-Kass, C P Martinelli-Kläy, R Küffer, E Álvarez-Fernández, T Lombardi
OBJECTIVE: Heat-shock protein 27 (hsp27) has been implicated in several biological events. In this experimental study, we aimed at analysing, for the first time, the expression of hsp27 in the diverse stages of oral lichen planus (OLP) lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six biopsy specimens of patients with OLP and 10 of healthy patients were selected. OLP specimens were divided into three groups: G1 - moderate or mildly active OLP; G2 - active or moderately active atrophic OLP; G3 - mild or inactive atrophic OLP...
January 2013: Oral Diseases
Virginia García-García, Antonio Bascones Martínez, Carla P Martinelli-Kläy, Emilio Alvarez Fernández, Tommaso Lombardi, Roger Küffer
Lichen planus, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin and mucous membranes, is one of the most frequent dermatological disorders of the oral cavity. The prevalence of oral lichen planus ranges from 0.2% to 4%. The triggering factors remain unknown. Oral lichen planus can be considered to be a chronic disease of long duration with a dynamic evolution and frequent changes in clinical appearance. Three successive active stages can be distinguished, without sharp limits between them: an initial stage; a protracted intermediate stage with alternate periods of variable activity and quiescence, which carries a progressively increasing risk of malignant transformation; and a late stage that often ends in a clinically little-known, inactive cicatricial post-lichen stage, which does not respond to steroid treatment but retains the same risk...
March 2012: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Pablo Fernandez, Matthias Maier, Martina Lindauer, Christian Kuffer, Zuzana Storchova, Andreas R Bausch
Orientation of the division axis can determine cell fate in the presence of morphogenetic gradients. Understanding how mitotic cells integrate directional cues is therefore an important question in embryogenesis. Here, we investigate the effect of dynamic shear forces on confined mitotic cells. We found that human epithelial cells (hTERT-RPE1) as well as MC3T3 osteoblasts align their mitotic spindle perpendicular to the external force. Spindle orientation appears to be a consequence of cell elongation along the zero-force direction in response to the dynamic shear...
2011: PloS One
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