Read by QxMD icon Read

Plasma mitochondrial dna

Daniel Lindqvist, Owen M Wolkowitz, Martin Picard, Lars Ohlsson, Francesco S Bersani, Johan Fernström, Åsa Westrin, Christina M Hough, Jue Lin, Victor I Reus, Elissa S Epel, Synthia H Mellon
Major depressive disorder (MDD) has been linked to mitochondrial defects, which could manifest in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphisms or mutations. Additionally, copy number of mtDNA (mtDNA-cn) can be quantified in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)s, indirectly reflecting cellular energetics, or in the circulating cell-free mtDNA (ccf-mtDNA) levels, which may reflect a fraction of the mitochondrial genome released during cellular stress. Few studies have examined ccf-mtDNA in MDD, and no studies have tested its relationship with intracellular mtDNA-cn or with antidepressant treatment response...
January 30, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Jill A Jenkins, Michael R Rosen, Rassa O Draugelis-Dale, Kathy R Echols, Leticia Torres, Carla M Wieser, Constance A Kersten, Steven L Goodbred
Lake Mead National Recreational Area (LMNRA) serves as critical habitat for several federally listed species and supplies water for municipal, domestic, and agricultural use in the Southwestern U.S. Contaminant sources and concentrations vary among the sub-basins within LMNRA. To investigate whether exposure to environmental contaminants is associated with alterations in male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) gamete quality and endocrine- and reproductive parameters, data were collected among sub-basins over 7 years (1999-2006)...
February 10, 2018: Environmental Research
Rebecca D Ganetzky, Marni J Falk
BACKGROUND: Intravenous (IV) arginine has been reported to ameliorate acute metabolic stroke symptoms in adult patients with Mitochondrial Encephalopathy with Lactic Acidosis and Stroke-like Episodes (MELAS) syndrome, where its therapeutic benefit is postulated to result from arginine acting as a nitric oxide donor to reverse vasospasm. Further, reduced plasma arginine may occur in mitochondrial disease since the biosynthesis of arginine's precursor, citrulline, requires ATP. Metabolic strokes occur across a wide array of primary mitochondrial diseases having diverse molecular etiologies that are likely to share similar pathophysiologic mechanisms...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Saurabh Rajpal, Pavan Katikaneni, Matthew Deshotels, Sibile Pardue, John Glawe, Xinggui Shen, Nuri Akkus, Kalgi Modi, Ruchi Bhandari, Paari Dominic, Pratap Reddy, Gopi K Kolluru, Christopher G Kevil
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has emerged as an important physiological and pathophysiological signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system influencing vascular tone, cytoprotective responses, redox reactions, vascular adaptation, and mitochondrial respiration. However, bioavailable levels of H2S in its various biochemical metabolite forms during clinical cardiovascular disease remain poorly understood. We performed a case-controlled study to quantify and compare the bioavailability of various biochemical forms of H2S in patients with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
January 25, 2018: Redox Biology
Barbara Kinga Barták, Zsófia Brigitta Nagy, Sándor Spisák, Zsolt Tulassay, Magdolna Dank, Péter Igaz, Béla Molnár
INTRODUCTION: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) was first detected in human plasma in the 1940s, but the knowledge on its regulation and rate of release is incomplete. CfDNA can originate from both normal and tumour cells. AIM: Our aims were to investigate the rate of cfDNA's release in SHO mice/HT-29 colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line xenograft model and to define the decay of methylated and non-methylated DNA fragments in C57BL/6 bloodstream. METHOD: SHO mice were xenografted with human HT-29 cells, than blood samples were collected over 2 months...
February 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Essraa M Al-Essawe, Anders Johannisson, Manuela Wulf, Christine Aurich, Jane M Morrell
Addition of seminal plasma (SP) prior to cryopreservation may influence stallion sperm cryosurvival. The objective of this study was to investigate the addition of pooled SP from "good" or "bad" freezer stallions to spermatozoa selected by single layer centrifugation (SLC) prior to cryopreservation on post-thaw sperm quality. Semen from 12 stallions was collected; 5 mL was frozen as control (C) and the remainder was processed by SLC to remove SP and was divided into three aliquots: i) SLC sample without SP (SLC); ii) SLC plus pooled SP from "good freezer" stallions (SLC-GF); iii) SLC plus pooled SP from "bad freezer" stallions (SLC-BF)...
February 1, 2018: Cryobiology
B Ustuner, E Gokce, M B Toker, N T Onder, M K Soylu, H Sagirkaya, Z Nur
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of both the removal of seminal plasma (SP) and the pre-freezing addition of seminal plasma collected during the breeding or nonbreeding season on goat sperm survival after thawing. Semen samples were pooled. One aliquot of pooled semen was used as a control group. Four aliquots were then centrifuged, and the SP was removed in Group I, pipetted but not removed in Group II, removed and then pooled for animals collected in the breeding season in Group III and removed and pooled for animals collected in the nonbreeding season in Group IV...
February 2, 2018: Andrologia
Wonjong Lee, Dong Gun Lee
Silymarin, which is derived from the seeds of Silybum marianum, has been widely used to prevent and treat liver diseases. In our previous study, we reported that at concentrations above the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), silymarin exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans by targeting its plasma membrane. However, the antifungal mechanism at concentration below the MIC remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to determine the underlying mechanism of antifungal effects of silymarin at concentration below the MIC...
January 22, 2018: IUBMB Life
Jung-Woo Chae, Peh Siang Chua, Terence Ng, Angie Hui Ling Yeo, Maung Shwe, Yan Xiang Gan, Sreemanee Dorajoo, Koon Mian Foo, Kiley Wei-Jen Loh, Si-Lin Koo, Wen Yee Chay, Tira Jing Ying Tan, Sok Yuen Beh, Elaine Hsuen Lim, Guek Eng Lee, Rebecca Dent, Yoon Sim Yap, Raymond Ng, Han Kiat Ho, Alexandre Chan
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) are reported to be associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Hence, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content, a biomarker of mitochondrial dysfunction, is hypothesized to correlate with the onset of CRF and CRCI. This study aims to evaluate the association between peripheral blood mtDNA content reduction and severity of CRF and CRCI in patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study...
January 8, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Tapan Dey, Prachurjya Dutta, Prasenjit Manna, Jatin Kalita, Hari Prasanna Deka Boruah, Alak Kumar Buragohain, Balagopalan Unni
Vasicinone, a quinazoline alkaloid from Adhatoda vasica Nees. is well known for its bronchodilator activity. However its anti-proliferative activities is yet to be elucidated. Here-in we investigated the anti-proliferative effect of vasicinone and its underlying mechanism against A549 lung carcinoma cells. The A549 cells upon treatment with various doses of vasicinone (10, 30, 50, 70 μM) for 72 h showed significant decrease in cell viability. Vasicinone treatment also showed DNA fragmentation, LDH leakage, and disruption of mitochondrial potential, and lower wound healing ability in A549 cells...
January 9, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Sinyoung Kim, Wiebke Handke, Ute Gravemann, Andrea Döscher, Veronika Brixner, Thomas H Müller, Axel Seltsam
BACKGROUND: Several ultraviolet (UV) light-based pathogen inactivation (PI) technologies for platelet (PLT) products have been developed or are under development. Upon implementation of PI technologies, quality control measures are required to ensure consistent efficiency of the treatment process. Previous reports showed that amotosalen/UVA and riboflavin/UV-based PI technologies induce modifications of the PLT-derived mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that can be detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) inhibition assays...
December 28, 2017: Transfusion
Jennifer Creed, Laurence Klotz, Andrew Harbottle, Andrea Maggrah, Brian Reguly, Anne George, Vincent Gnanapragasm
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical performance of a blood-based test for clinically significant (CS) prostate cancer (PCa) (grade group ≥ 2) intended for use in men with prostate serum antigen levels in the 'grey zone' (PSA < 10 ng/ml). The test quantifies a previously described 3.4 kb mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion. METHODS: In a first prospective study of an MRI-guided re-biopsy population (n = 126), the 3.4 kb deletion and 18S rRNA gene were amplified from plasma...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Urology
Ye Gao, Pan Wang, Yaqin Wang, Lijie Wu, Xiaobing Wang, Kun Zhang, Quanhong Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-toxic fomitopsis is has been traditionally used in folk medicine in many countries for its anti-inflammatory and anti-vascular disease activities. The present study investigates the antitumor effect of Fomitopsis pinicola (Sw. Ex Fr.) Karst chloroform extract (FPKc) on S180 tumor cells in vitro and in vivo and we determined the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: HPLC was employed to analyze the constituents of FPKc. In-vitro 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed to quantify the growth inhibition of FPKc; Propidium iodide (PI) exclusion assay and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to observe the damage on the cell membrane and the changes of the cell morphology; Staining with Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide (HO/PI) and the application of the Annexin V-FITC/PI analysis permitted to observe the cell death triggered by FPKc; DNA damage and cell cycle arrest were detected by flow cytometry; Rhodamine 123 (RH123) and Cytochrome C were used as dyes to investigate the alterations of the mitochondria...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Hideki Hayashi, Deya Cherpokova, Kimberly Martinod, Thilo Witsch, Siu Ling Wong, Maureen Gallant, Stephen M Cifuni, Leonard P Guarente, Denisa D Wagner
Inflammation is a common denominator in chronic diseases of aging. Yet, how inflammation fuels these diseases remains unknown. Neutrophils are the primary leukocytes involved in the early phase of innate immunity and inflammation. As part of their anti-microbial defense, neutrophils form extracellular traps (NETs) by releasing decondensed chromatin lined with cytotoxic proteins. NETs have been shown to induce tissue injury and thrombosis. Here, we demonstrated that Sirt3, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent protein deacetylase, an enzyme linked to human longevity, was expressed in mouse neutrophils and platelets...
2017: PloS One
Adnana Paunel-Görgülü, Max Wacker, Mouhamed El Aita, Shoreshfan Hassan, Georg Schlachtenberger, Antje Deppe, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Elmar Kuhn, Thorsten O Mehler, Thorsten Wahlers
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) provokes inflammation culminating in organ dysfunction and increased mortality. Recently, neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) have been found to be involved in a variety of cardiovascular diseases promoting tissue and organ injury. Here, we aimed to elaborate the proinflammatory potential of circulating cell-free (cf)DNA in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB. Plasma was collected pre- and postoperatively as well as at d1, d3, d5 and d8 after surgery. At d1, we found circulating cfDNA levels to be significantly increased in patients with prolonged CPB duration (>100 min) when compared to those with shorter CPB times (CPB < 100 min)...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
R Jokinen, R Rinnankoski-Tuikka, S Kaye, L Saarinen, S Heinonen, M Myöhänen, E Rappou, S Jukarainen, A Rissanen, A Pessia, V Velagapudi, K A Virtanen, E Pirinen, K H Pietiläinen
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether (1) subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) mitochondrial capacity predicts weight loss success and (2) weight loss ameliorates obesity-related SAT mitochondrial abnormalities. METHODS: SAT biopsies were obtained from 19 clinically healthy obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) 34.6±2.7 kg m- 2 ) during a weight loss intervention (0, 5 and 12 months) and from 19 lean reference subjects (BMI 22.7±1.1 kg m-2 ) at baseline. Based on 1-year weight loss outcome, the subjects were divided into two groups: continuous weight losers (WL, n=6) and weight regainers (WR, n=13)...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Nívea de Mattos Góes Vieira, João Diego de Agostini Losano, Daniel de Souza Ramos Angrimani, Giulia Kiyomi Vechiato Kawai, Luana de Cássia Bicudo, Bruno Rogério Rui, Bárbara do Carmo Simões da Silva, Mayra Elena Ortiz D'Avila Assumpção, Marcilio Nichi
Oxidative stress (OS) is characterized by an unbalance between increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or impaired antioxidant protection. In this context, the composition of seminal plasma (SP) plays a key role in protecting sperm against OS. However, reproductive biotechnologies applied to dogs recommend the removal of SP. Thus, antioxidant therapy may be an important alternative when applying biotechniques such as semen cryopreservation in this specie. However, in order to be efficient, the choice of the ideal antioxidant in each condition is essential since each ROS is preferably neutralized by different antioxidant systems...
March 1, 2018: Theriogenology
Fei Xu, Rui-Qi Liu, Rong Cao, Lang-Tao Guo, Ning Zhang, Ke Huang, Yu Cui, Wei-Na Li, Lei Li, Zheng-Hua Huang
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies in animals and humans have demonstrated that inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-8 play a role in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), which might affect surgical outcomes. Plasma mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), a recently discovered pro-inflammatory agent, is released by cells upon insult. This study aimed to detect changes in plasma mtDNA levels at different time points after infantile CPB and explore its potential association with inflammatory mediators...
November 2017: Indian Heart Journal
Amal Salah, Chayma Bouaziz, Alexandre Prola, Julie Pires Da Silva, Hassen Bacha, Salwa Abid-Essefi, Christophe Lemaire
The mycotoxin citrinin (CTN) is a natural contaminant of various human foods that may produce serious adverse health problems. Several studies demonstrated that citrinin exerts cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in both in vivo and in vitro systems. However, the precise mechanisms of action (MOA), particularly in intestinal cells remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine the precise MOA of citrinin in vitro. Data demonstrated that CTN significantly decreased the number of viable human intestinal HCT116 cells and induced apoptotic events including (1) decrease in ΔѰm indicative of mitochondrial membrane permeabilization, (2) activation of caspase 3, (3) elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and (4) relative persistence of plasma membrane integrity...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
B Sepúlveda, M E Arias, L Aguila, F Zambrano, R Sánchez, R Felmer
In assisted reproductive techniques, it is essential to perform a sperm selection to obtain spermatozoa with high motility and membrane integrity for in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and high-DNA integrity for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this study, we evaluated whether Isolate(®) was a suitable substitute for Percoll(®) for assisted reproductive techniques. Commercial cryopreserved bovine semen was used after selection in both gradients, and plasma and acrosome membrane integrity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, DNA integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) were assessed by flow cytometry...
November 21, 2017: Andrologia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"