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Aerobic training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781941/cardiopulmonary-demand-of-16-kg-kettlebell-snatches-in-simulated-girevoy-sport
#2
Margaux Chan, Martin J MacInnis, Sarah Koch, Kristin E MacLeod, Keith R Lohse, Maria E Gallo, A William Sheel, Michael S Koehle
Chan, M, MacInnis, MJ, Koch, S, MacLeod, KE, Lohse, KR, Gallo, ME, Sheel, AW, and Koehle, MS. Cardiopulmonary demand of 16-kg kettlebell snatches in simulated Girevoy Sport. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Kettlebell lifting has become popular both as a strength and conditioning training tool and as a sport in and of itself: Girevoy Sport (GS). Although several kettlebell multimovement protocols have been analyzed, little research has attempted to quantify the aerobic stimulus of the individual events in GS, which could better inform kettlebell-related exercise prescription...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776315/aerobic-training-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-skeletal-muscle-of-rats-exposed-to-air-pollution-and-supplemented-with-chromium-picolinate
#3
Bruna Marmett, Ramiro Barcos Nunes, Kellen Sábio de Souza, Pedro Dal Lago, Cláudia Ramos Rhoden
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chromium picolinate (CrPic) supplementation associated with aerobic exercise using measures of oxidative stress in rats exposed to air pollution. METHODS: Sixty-one male Wistar rats were divided into eight groups: residual oil fly ash (ROFA) exposure and sedentary (ROFA-SED); ROFA exposure, sedentary and supplemented (ROFA-SED-CrPic); ROFA exposure and trained (ROFA-AT); ROFA exposure, supplemented and trained (ROFA-AT-CrPic); sedentary (Sal-SED); sedentary and supplemented (Sal-SED-CrPic); trained (Sal-AT); and supplemented and trained (Sal-AT-CrPic)...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775886/sprint-interval-training-sit-substantially-reduces-depressive-symptoms-in-major-depressive-disorder-mdd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Alice Minghetti, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Lukas Zahner, Markus Gerber, Lars Donath
Continuous aerobic exercise training (CAT) is considered a complementary treatment option in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Intermittent exercise training protocols, such as sprint interval training (SIT) have gained increasing popularity, but no studies on depressive symptoms following SIT in patients with MDD are available. Fifty-nine in-patients with MDD were randomly assigned to a SIT or CAT group. Medication was counterbalanced in both intervention arms. Both intervention groups received 3 weekly training sessions for 4-weeks (12 sessions in total)...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775547/acute-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-does-not-attenuate-oxidative-stress-or-the-hemodynamic-response-during-submaximal-exercise-in-hypobaric-hypoxia
#5
Colin R Carriker, Paige Rombach, Brooke M Stevens, Roger A Vaughan, Ann L Gibson
PURPOSE: To investigate changes in oxidative stress, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) while exercising in hypobaric hypoxia following acute dietary nitrate supplementation. METHODS: Nine well-trained (60.8±7.8 ml/kg/min) males (29±7 years) visited the lab on 3 occasions, each separated by 1 week. Visit 1 included a maximal aerobic cycling test (VO2max) and 5 five-minute increasing intensity exercise bouts in a normobaric environment (1600m)...
May 18, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775461/effects-of-aerobic-training-with-and-without-weight-loss-on-insulin-sensitivity-and-lipids
#6
Damon L Swift, Joseph A Houmard, Cris A Slentz, William E Kraus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of exercise training with modest or greater weight loss (≥3%) or not (<3%) on insulin sensitivity, lipoprotein concentrations, and lipoprotein particle size in overweight and obese participants. METHODS: Adults (N = 163, body mass index: 25-37 [kg/m2]) participated in 8 months of exercise training. Insulin sensitivity, lipid concentrations, lipid particle size and other cardiometabolic variables were measured at baseline and follow-up...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771966/the-effect-of-chronic-progressive-dose-sodium-bicarbonate-ingestion-on-crossfit-like-performance-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-trial
#7
Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Emilia E Zawieja, Tomasz Podgórski, Igor Łoniewski, Bogna E Zawieja, Marta Warzybok, Jan Jeszka
BACKGROUND: Sodium bicarbonate (SB) has been proposed as an ergogenic aid, as it improves high-intensity and resistance exercise performance. However, no studies have yet investigated SB application in CrossFit. This study examined the effects of chronic, progressive-dose SB ingestion on CrossFit-like performance and aerobic capacity. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 21 CrossFit-trained participants were randomly allocated to 2 groups and underwent 2 trials separated by a 14-day washout period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770953/a-systematic-review-of-physical-activity-based-behaviour-change-interventions-reaching-men-with-prostate-cancer
#8
REVIEW
A Finlay, G Wittert, C E Short
PURPOSE: Men who are survivors of prostate cancer report a variety of psychological and physical factors contributing to a lower quality of life, and physical activity can assist to mitigate these issues. This review aims to provide a summary of physical activity behaviour change trials targeting prostate cancer survivors, assess the feasibility of these interventions and, if possible, identify intervention and study characteristics associated with significant intervention effects. METHOD: Four databases (PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO and EMBASE) were systematically searched for randomised controlled trials containing at least one behavioural outcome relating to physical activity published up until July 2016...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770501/correlation-between-cycling-power-and-muscle-thickness-in-cyclists
#9
Hyung-Jin Lee, Kang-Woo Lee, Yong-Woo Lee, Hee-Jin Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between muscle thickness (MT) and cycling power in varsity cyclists using ultrasonography (US) and to identify any differences in MT between short- and long-distance cyclists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve cyclists participated in this study. Real-time two-dimensional B-mode US was used to measure the MT in the anterior thigh, anterior lower leg, and trunk, especially in the abdominal and lumbar regions...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769816/the-effect-of-two-different-concurrent-training-programs-on-strength-and-power-gains-in-highly-trained-individuals
#10
Henrik Petré, Pontus Löfving, Niklas Psilander
The effects of concurrent strength and endurance training have been well studied in untrained and moderately-trained individuals. However, studies examining these effects in individuals with a long history of resistance training (RT) are lacking. Additionally, few studies have examined how strength and power are affected when different types of endurance training are added to an RT protocol. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of concurrent training incorporating either low-volume, high-intensity interval training (HIIT, 8-24 Tabata intervals at ~150% of VO2max ) or high-volume, medium-intensity continuous endurance training (CT, 40-80 min at 70% of VO2max ), on the strength and power of highly-trained individuals...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768055/age-related-effect-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-antioxidant-and-oxidative-markers-in-the-liver-challenged-by-doxorubicin-in-rats
#12
Mehdi Ahmadian, Valiollah Dabidi Roshan, Anthony S Leicht
The aims of the current study were to investigate the oxidant and antioxidant status of liver tissue challenged by doxorubicin and to examine the possible protective effects of aerobic exercise on doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress. Seventy-two rats were divided into three age groups (Young, Adult, and Elderly) with three treatment subgroups consisting of eight rats per age group: doxorubicin, aerobic exercise + doxorubicin, and aerobic exercise + saline. The experimental groups performed regular treadmill running for 3 weeks...
May 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#13
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767350/inverse-relationship-between-changes-of-maximal-aerobic-capacity-and-changes-in-walking-economy-after-weight-loss
#14
Juliano H Borges, Stephen J Carter, Harshvardhan Singh, Gary R Hunter
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to: (1) determine the relationships between maximum oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]O2max ) and walking economy during non-graded and graded walking among overweight women and (2) examine potential differences in [Formula: see text]O2max and walking economy before and after weight loss. METHODS: One-hundred and twenty-four premenopausal women with a body mass index (BMI) between 27 and 30 kg/m2 were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (a) diet only; (b) diet and aerobic exercise training; and (c) diet and resistance exercise training...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767227/effect-of-a-balance-training-programme-on-postural-balance-aerobic-capacity-and-frequency-of-falls-in-women-with-osteoporosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ibolya Miko, Imre Szerb, Anna Szerb, Tamas Bender, Gyula Poor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a 12-month complex balance-training programme on static and dynamic postural balance, aerobic capacity and frequency of falls in women with established osteoporosis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial in which the intervention group was assigned a 12-month exercise programme (3 times a week for 30 min) and the control group had no intervention. SUBJECTS: A total of 100 osteoporotic women with at least one previous fracture...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766601/functional-high-intensity-exercise-training-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes
#16
Ciarán E Fealy, Stephan Nieuwoudt, Julie A Foucher, Amanda R Scelsi, Steve K Malin, Mangesh Pagadala, Lauren A Cruz, Miranda Li, Michael Rocco, Bartolome Burguera, John P Kirwan
AIM: Functional high intensity training (F-HIT) is a novel fitness paradigm that integrates simultaneous aerobic and resistance training in sets of constantly varied movements, based on real-world situational exercises, performed at high intensity in workouts that range from ∼8-20 min/session. We hypothesized that F-HIT would be an effective exercise mode for reducing insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: We recruited 13 overweight/obese adults (5 males, 8 females; 53 ± 7 years; BMI 34...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766257/the-impact-of-exercise-on-sleep-time-quality-and-disturbance-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Sean G McKenna, Alan E Donnelly, Bente A Esbensen, Alexander D Fraser, Norelee M Kennedy
Poor sleep is an issue for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which may curtail their ability to function appropriately and reduce their activity levels. This paper describes a protocol for a pilot randomised controlled trial of an aerobic exercise intervention compared with exercise advice designed to improve sleep in people with RA. Objectives are to obtain reliable estimates regarding recruitment rates, participant retention and protocol adherence and to generate potential effect size estimates for a main trial...
May 15, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765980/aerobic-interval-training-regulated-sirt3-attenuates-high-fat-diet-associated-cognitive-dysfunction
#18
Zhaoling Shi, Chen Li, Yue Yin, Zheng Yang, Han Xue, Nan Mu, Yishi Wang, Manling Liu, Heng Ma
Cognitive dysfunction is an important complicated disease in obesity. Exercise ameliorates obesity and the related cognitive dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we investigated whether aerobic interval training (AIT) could attenuate high-fat-diet- (HFD-) associated cognitive dysfunction and the possible mechanism of SIRT3-MnSOD pathway. C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice and SIRT3 knockout (KO) mice were randomized into control (Con) or HFD group with or without AIT training for 6 weeks...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764892/intense-exercise-for-survival-among-men-with-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-interval-gap4-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-study-protocol
#19
Robert U Newton, Stacey A Kenfield, Nicolas H Hart, June M Chan, Kerry S Courneya, James Catto, Stephen P Finn, Rosemary Greenwood, Daniel C Hughes, Lorelei Mucci, Stephen R Plymate, Stephan F E Praet, Emer M Guinan, Erin L Van Blarigan, Orla Casey, Mark Buzza, Sam Gledhill, Li Zhang, Daniel A Galvão, Charles J Ryan, Fred Saad
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants (n=866) must have histologically documented metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of progressive disease on androgen deprivation therapy (defined as mCRPC)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764393/telerehabilitation-versus-traditional-centre-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-people-with-chronic-respiratory-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Narelle S Cox, Christine F McDonald, Jennifer A Alison, Ajay Mahal, Richard Wootton, Catherine J Hill, Janet Bondarenko, Heather Macdonald, Paul O'Halloran, Paolo Zanaboni, Ken Clarke, Deidre Rennick, Kaye Borgelt, Angela T Burge, Aroub Lahham, Bruna Wageck, Hayley Crute, Pawel Czupryn, Amanda Nichols, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective therapeutic intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease. However, fewer than 5% of eligible individuals receive pulmonary rehabilitation on an annual basis, largely due to limited availability of services and difficulties associated with travel and transport. The Rehabilitation Exercise At Home (REAcH) study is an assessor-blinded, multi-centre, randomised controlled equivalence trial designed to compare the efficacy of home-based telerehabilitation and traditional centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation in people with chronic respiratory disease...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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