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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909134/what-is-the-morbidity-of-a-non-invasive-growing-prosthesis
#1
M M Gilg, C L Gaston, M C Parry, L Jeys, A Abudu, R M Tillman, S R Carter, R J Grimer
AIMS: Extendible endoprostheses have been available for more than 30 years and have become more sophisticated with time. The latest generation is 'non-invasive' and can be lengthened with an external magnetic force. Early results have shown a worryingly high rate of complications such as infection. This study investigates the incidence of complications and the need for further surgery in a cohort of patients with a non-invasive growing endoprosthesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and June 2014, 50 children (51 prostheses) had a non-invasive growing prosthesis implanted for a primary bone sarcoma...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884340/use-of-an-experimental-model-to-evaluate-infection-resistance-of-meshes-in-abdominal-wall-surgery
#2
Ramón Pérez-Tanoira, C Lévano-Linares, Á Celdrán-Uriarte, M C Isea-Peña, M Sánchez De Molina, C García-Vasquez, J Esteban-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcal species are the most common organisms causing prosthetic mesh infections, however, infections due to rapidly growing mycobacteria are increasing. This study evaluates the resistance of biomaterial for abdominal wall prostheses against the development of postoperative infection in a rat model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 75 rats, we intramuscularly implanted three different types of prostheses: (1) low-density polypropylene monofilament mesh (PMM), (2) high-density PMM, and (3) a composite prosthesis composed of low-density PMM and a nonporous hydrophilic film...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873034/on-the-mechanics-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#3
Lakshmi P Dasi, Hoda Hatoum, Arash Kheradvar, Ramin Zareian, S Hamed Alavi, Wei Sun, Caitlin Martin, Thuy Pham, Qian Wang, Prem A Midha, Vrishank Raghav, Ajit P Yoganathan
Transcatheter aortic valves (TAVs) represent the latest advances in prosthetic heart valve technology. TAVs are truly transformational as they bring the benefit of heart valve replacement to patients that would otherwise not be operated on. Nevertheless, like any new device technology, the high expectations are dampened with growing concerns arising from frequent complications that develop in patients, indicating that the technology is far from being mature. Some of the most common complications that plague current TAV devices include malpositioning, crimp-induced leaflet damage, paravalvular leak, thrombosis, conduction abnormalities and prosthesis-patient mismatch...
November 21, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818810/familial-adenomatous-polyposis-manifesting-as-lactococcus-endocarditis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-association-of-lactococcus-with-underlying-gastrointestinal-disease
#4
Taylor C Bazemore, Stacey A Maskarinec, Kahli Zietlow, Edward F Hendershot, John R Perfect
A 45-year-old male with a prosthetic aortic valve presented to the hospital with several months of generalized malaise. On admission, he was noted to have anemia of unclear etiology and subsequently became febrile with multiple blood cultures growing Lactococcus garvieae. Inpatient workup was concerning for infectious endocarditis (IE) secondary to Lactococcus. The patient was discharged home with appropriate antimicrobial therapy; however, he was readmitted for persistent, symptomatic anemia and underwent colonoscopy, which revealed innumerable colonic polyps consistent with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) that was later confirmed with genetic testing...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774442/the-sequential-management-of-recurrent-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-in-a-growing-child-a-case-report
#5
Jung-Won Cho, Jung-Hyun Park, Jin-Woo Kim, Sun-Jong Kim
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in children often leads to facial deformity, functional deficit, and negative influence of the psychosocial development, which worsens with growth. The treatment of TMJ ankylosis in the pediatric patient is much more challenging than in adults because of a high incidence of recurrence and unfavorable growth of the mandible. CASE REPORT: This is a case report describing sequential management of the left TMJ ankylosis resulted from trauma in early childhood...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734178/transcatheter-valve-underexpansion-limits-leaflet-durability-implications-for-valve-in-valve-procedures
#6
Caitlin Martin, Wei Sun
Transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation within a failed bioprosthetic valve is a growing trend for high-risk patients. The non-compliant stent of the previous prosthesis may prevent full expansion of the TAV, which has been shown to distort the leaflet configuration, and has been hypothesized to adversely affect durability. In this study, TAV leaflet fatigue damage under cyclic pressurization in the setting of stent underexpansion by 0 (fully expanded), 1, 2 and 3 mm was simulated using finite element analysis to test this hypothesis...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649650/pleomorphic-adenoma-rehabilitative-treatment-in-growing-up-patient-a-20-years-follow-up
#7
E Brauner, S Jamshir, G Guarino, A Ciolfi, V Valentini, G Pompa, S Di Carlo
OBJECTIVE: Although tumors of minor salivary glands are rare, the pleomorphic adenoma is the most common pathology among the benign neoplasm and can be found with high prevalence in the junction between hard palate and soft palate. Most of the maxillary tumors are surgically treated through either a total or partial maxillectomy. However, surgical defects lead to both clinical and psychologic disorders for the patient. A postoperative obturator prosthesis is a good option in patients who underwent maxillectomy...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641300/performance-of-allogeneic-bioengineered-replacement-pulmonary-valves-in-rapidly-growing-young-lambs
#8
Rachael W Quinn, Arthur A Bert, Gabriel L Converse, Eric E Buse, Stephen L Hilbert, William B Drake, Richard A Hopkins
BACKGROUND: Cardiac allometric organ growth after pediatric valve replacement can lead to patient-prosthesis size mismatch and valve re-replacement, which could be mitigated with allogeneic decellularized pulmonary valves treated with collagen conditioning solutions to enhance biological and mechanical performance, termed "bioengineered valves." In this study, we evaluated functional, dimensional, and biological responses of these bioengineered valves compared with traditional cryopreserved valves implanted in lambs during rapid somatic growth...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573694/stretchable-organic-semiconductor-devices
#9
Yan Qian, Xinwen Zhang, Linghai Xie, Dianpeng Qi, Bevita K Chandran, Xiaodong Chen, Wei Huang
Stretchable electronics are essential for the development of intensely packed collapsible and portable electronics, wearable electronics, epidermal and bioimplanted electronics, 3D surface compliable devices, bionics, prosthesis, and robotics. However, most stretchable devices are currently based on inorganic electronics, whose high cost of fabrication and limited processing area make it difficult to produce inexpensive, large-area devices. Therefore, organic stretchable electronics are highly attractive due to many advantages over their inorganic counterparts, such as their light weight, flexibility, low cost and large-area solution-processing, the reproducible semiconductor resources, and the easy tuning of their properties via molecular tailoring...
November 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507280/biomechanical-behavior-of-bioprosthetic-heart-valve-heterograft-tissues-characterization-simulation-and-performance
#10
REVIEW
Joao S Soares, Kristen R Feaver, Will Zhang, David Kamensky, Ankush Aggarwal, Michael S Sacks
The use of replacement heart valves continues to grow due to the increased prevalence of valvular heart disease resulting from an ageing population. Since bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs) continue to be the preferred replacement valve, there continues to be a strong need to develop better and more reliable BHVs through and improved the general understanding of BHV failure mechanisms. The major technological hurdle for the lifespan of the BHV implant continues to be the durability of the constituent leaflet biomaterials, which if improved can lead to substantial clinical impact...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484827/-treatment-of-periprosthetic-infections
#11
L Renner, C Perka, A Trampuz, N Renz
The increasing number of prosthesis implantations and higher life expectancy lead to a growing number of periprosthetic infections (PPI). Optimal therapy necessitates interdisciplinary coordination of surgical and antimicrobial treatment. Challenges in the treatment are the increased occurrence of resistant pathogens, selection of adequate antimicrobial and surgical treatment strategies, inappropriate pretreatment and comorbidities of patients. Current treatment concepts lead to a high success rate in terms of infection eradication, when correctly applied...
October 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442920/compliance-mismatch-and-compressive-wall-stresses-drive-anomalous-remodelling-of-pulmonary-trunks-reinforced-with-dacron-grafts
#12
Francesco Nappi, Angelo Rosario Carotenuto, Arsenio Cutolo, Pierre Fouret, Christophe Acar, Juan Carlos Chachques, Massimiliano Fraldi
Synthetic grafts are often satisfactory employed in cardiac and vascular surgery, including expanded poly(ethylene terephthalate) or expanded poly(tetrafluoroethylene). However, accumulating evidences suggest the emergence of worrisome issues concerning the long-term fate of prosthetic grafts as large vessel replacement. Disadvantages related to the use of synthetic grafts can be traced in their inability of mimicking the elasto-mechanical characteristics of the native vascular tissue, local suture overstress leading to several prosthesis-related complications and retrograde deleterious effects on valve competence, cardiac function and perfusion...
October 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308235/pediatric-traumatic-limb-amputation-the-principles-of-management-and-optimal-residual-limb-lengths
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Adil Abbas Khan, Ammar Asrar Javed, Dominic Jordan Rao, J Antony Corner, Peter Rosenfield
Pediatric traumatic limb amputations are rare and their acute and long term management can be challenging in this subgroup of patients. The lengthy and costly hospital stays, and resulting physical and psychological implications leads to significant morbidity. We present a summary of treatment principles and the evidence base supporting the management options for this entity. The initial management focuses on resuscitating and stabilization of the patients, administration of appropriate and adequate analgesics, and broad spectrum antibiotics...
January 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281955/overview-mechanism-and-control-of-a-prosthetic-arm
#14
REVIEW
Tushar Kulkarni, Rashmi Uddanwadiker
Continuous growth in industrialization and lack of awareness in safety parameters the cases of amputations are growing. The search of safer, simpler and automated prosthetic arms for managing upper limbs is expected. Continuous efforts have been made to design and develop prosthetic arms ranging from simple harness actuated to automated mechanisms with various control options. However due the cost constraints, the automated prosthetic arms are still out of the reach of needy people. Recent data have shown that there is a wide scope to develop a low cost and light weight upper limb prosthesis...
September 2015: Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics: MCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180320/spontaneous-fracture-of-cranioplastic-titanium-implants-without-head-trauma-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#15
Ying Jiang, Yun-Kun Wang, Ming-Kun Yu
INTRODUCTION: The cranioplasty is a classical surgical procedure to repair large skull defects. The prosthesis fracture was one rare complication following cranioplasty, which was only known to happen in traumatic head injury or child growing skull. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In the current report, we documented the first reported case of cranioplasty prosthesis fracture in an adult neurological trauma patient at the proximal pterion point region without head trauma...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141779/-surgical-treatment-for-osteoarthritis-secondary-to-crowe-type-iv-developmental-dysplasia-of-hip-in-adults
#16
Da-cai Shang, Sheng-cai Zhong, Xiao-zhao Zhang, Deng-peng Lu, Qin-lin Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mothod and therapeutic efficacy of total hip anthroplasties (THA) for osteoarthritis secondary to Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of hip in adults. METHODS: From May 2006 to December 2013, THA was performed on 15 adult patients (17 hips) with Growe type IV acetabular dysplasia, including 13 females and 2 males, with a mean age of 30.9 years old (22 to 58 years old) and an average preoperative Harris score of (34.0 ± 6.5) points...
February 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123959/reconstruction-of-an-extensive-midfacial-defect-using-additive-manufacturing-techniques
#17
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Christiaan Hoogendijk, Sarel Botha, Gerrie Booysen, Johan Els
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are extremely rare tumors arising in peripheral nerves. Only 17 cases involving the trigeminal nerve have ever been reported. These tumors have a very poor prognosis and very high rates of recurrence and metastases. Their recommended treatment involves complete tumor resection followed by radiation. This can be problematic in the head and neck region. We present a clinical case involving a 33-year-old female patient presenting with a slow-growing, exophytic mass of the anterior maxilla...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083941/enhanced-tumor-growth-in-the-remaining-lung-after-major-lung-resection
#18
Fumiho Sano, Kazuhiro Ueda, Junichi Murakami, Masataro Hayashi, Arata Nishimoto, Kimikazu Hamano
BACKGROUND: Pneumonectomy induces active growth of the remaining lung in order to compensate for lost lung tissue. We hypothesized that tumor progression is enhanced in the activated local environment. METHODS: We examined the effects of mechanical strain on the activation of lung growth and tumor progression in mice. The mechanical strain imposed on the right lung after left pneumonectomy was neutralized by filling the empty space that remained after pneumonectomy with a polypropylene prosthesis...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27060049/mechanical-pulmonary-valve-replacement
#19
REVIEW
John M Stulak, Bassem N Mora, Sameh M Said, Hartzell V Schaff, Joseph A Dearani
Although most valve operations performed annually address lesions of the aortic or mitral valves, the frequency of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) is increasing because most patients with congenital heart disease are surviving into the adult years. The vast majority of patients, especially children that require PVR, obtain a tissue valve because of the relative good durability and the lack of a need for anticoagulation. Because the need for repeat operation is inevitable for most patients, and the population of adults with congenital heart disease continues to grow, there are increasing situations in which a mechanical pulmonary prosthesis may be appropriate...
2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041455/ross-versus-non-ross-aortic-valve-replacement-in-children-a-22-year-single-institution-comparison-of-outcomes
#20
John W Brown, Parth M Patel, Jiuann-Huey Ivy Lin, Asma S Habib, Mark D Rodefeld, Mark W Turrentine
BACKGROUND: The Ross aortic valve replacement (AVR) has been the AVR of choice for children at our center since 1993. Absence or inadequate quality of the pulmonary valve or, less commonly, family or surgeon preference caused us to select an alternative AVR prosthesis for some children. This review compares the outcomes of 42 children who received a non-Ross AVR with 115 children undergoing Ross root replacement at our institution during the most recent 22 years. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the 42 pediatric non-Ross AVRs was compared with 115 Ross AVRs...
May 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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