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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723919/level-of-physical-activity-and-aerobic-capacity-associate-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#1
Nathalia Volpato, Juliana Kobashigawa, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Simoni Thiemi Kishimoto, Paula Teixeira Fernandes, Fernando Cendes
Epilepsy is more than seizures and includes a high risk of comorbidities and psychological disorders, leading to poor quality of life (QOL). Earlier studies have showed a sedentary lifestyle in people with epilepsy (PWE), which could contribute to poorer health and psychological problems. The purpose of the present study was to compare habits of physical activity (PA), aerobic capacity, and QOL between PWE and healthy controls in order to identify the necessity of intervention of habits and information on physical exercise (PE) and to better understand the importance of PE for PWE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723836/subjective-versus-objective-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-adherence-to-physical-activity-in-african-american-women
#2
Nadia Robinson, Arlene Miller, JoEllen Wilbur, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for African American (AA) women in the United States. Despite high prevalence of CVD risk factors, AA women perceive their CVD risk as low. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) identify relationships between subjective (self-reported perceived) CVD risk and objective CVD risk estimated by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk estimator, (2) identify demographic and psychosocial factors associated with subjective perceived risk and discrepancy with objective estimated CVD risk, and (3) determine whether subjective perceived CVD risk was associated with physical activity (PA) adherence...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722299/cost-and-health-care-utilization-implications-of-bariatric-surgery-versus-intensive-lifestyle-and-medical-intervention-for-type-2-diabetes
#3
Souvik Banerjee, Louis P Garrison, David R Flum, David E Arterburn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the cost and health care utilization of patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) randomized into either Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery or an intensive lifestyle and medical intervention (ILMI). METHODS: This analysis (N = 745) is based on 2-year follow-up of a small randomized controlled trial (RCT); adult patients with obesity and T2DM were recruited between 2011 and 2012 from Kaiser Permanente Washington...
July 19, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720632/improving-efficiency-while-improving-patient-care-in-a-student-run-free-clinic
#4
Jason S Lee, Kristen Combs, Magdalena Pasarica
INTRODUCTION: Student-run free clinics (SRFCs) have the capacity to decrease health care inequity in underserved populations. These facilities can benefit from improved patient experience and outcomes. We implemented a series of quality improvement interventions with the objectives to decrease patient wait times and to increase the variety of services provided. METHODS: A needs assessment was performed. Problems related to time management, communication between staff and providers, clinic resources, and methods for assessing clinic performance were identified as targets to reduce wait times and improve the variety of services provided...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720239/effect-of-diet-and-exercise-intervention-in-chinese-pregnant-women-on-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-a-quasi-experimental-study
#5
Yan Qun Liu, Yun Liu, Yun Hua, Xiao Li Chen
Aim To determine the effect of a diet and exercise intervention in pregnant women on total gestational weight gain, weekly weight gain, 42-days postpartum weight retention, mode of delivery, and infant birth weight. METHODS: One hundred and one eligible Chinese pregnant women whose pre-pregnancy body mass index ranged from 18.5 to 24.9 were recruited between June 2013 and June 2014 from a tertiary hospital. Ninety participants, 45 in each group, completed the study. Intervention women received three face-to-face interventions and three follow-up phone calls which were developed based on the Transtheoretical Model...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719494/hockey-fans-in-training-a-pilot-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Robert J Petrella, Dawn P Gill, Guangyong Zou, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Cassandra Bartol, Karen Danylchuk, Kate Hunt, Sally Wyke, Cindy M Gray, Christopher Bunn, Merrick Zwarenstein
INTRODUCTION: Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) is a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program. We investigated: 1) feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight and obese men into a pilot pragmatic randomized controlled trial; and 2) potential for Hockey FIT to lead to weight loss and improvements in other outcomes at 12 weeks and 12 months. METHODS: Male fans of 2 ice hockey teams (35-65 years; body-mass index ≥28 kg/m) located in Ontario (Canada) were randomized to intervention (Hockey FIT) or comparator (Wait-list Control)...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719232/long-term-outcomes-of-a-multidisciplinary-weight-management-intervention-for-youth-with-disabilities
#7
Ashleigh A Pona, Meredith L Dreyer Gillette, Cathleen Odar Stough, Janelle K Gerling, Brooke R Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at increased risk for obesity compared with their typically developing peers and face unique barriers to healthy lifestyles. A limited number of weight management programs have been specifically tailored to accommodate youth with disabilities, and outcomes research in this population is scarce. We investigated the effectiveness of a specialized multidisciplinary weight management program for children with disabilities. METHODS: Youth (N = 115) ages 2-18 years (mean age = 10...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718324/physical-health-and-drug-safety-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#8
Tamara Pringsheim, Martina Kelly, Doug Urness, Michael Teehan, Zahinoor Ismail, David Gardner
BACKGROUND: While antipsychotic medications are the mainstay of therapy for individuals with schizophrenia and psychotic disorders, their use is associated with adverse effects on physical health that require the attention and care of prescribers. METHODS: We used the ADAPTE process to adapt existing guideline recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guidelines on the dosing of antipsychotics and antipsychotic polypharmacy, screening for adverse effects of antipsychotics, and management of metabolic and extrapyramidal side effects to the Canadian context...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716635/the-effects-of-strength-exercise-on-hippocampus-volume-and-functional-fitness-of-elderly-women
#9
Yun Sik Kim, Sang Keun Shin, Seung Baek Hong, Hak Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: Various positive effects of exercise on elderly women have been identified in many studies. Despite the importance of preserving the health of brain as well as body, few studies have investigated the effects of strength exercise on the brain health of elderly women to date. This study aimed to identify the effects of 24weeks of the Growing Stronger program on hippocampus volume and functional fitness of elderly women. METHODS: Twenty elderly women aged over 65 participated in this study...
July 14, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715989/use-and-effectiveness-of-behavioural-economics-in-interventions-for-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-policy-implications
#10
Oana M Blaga, Livia Vasilescu, Razvan M Chereches
AIM: There is limited evidence on what behavioural economics strategies are effective and can be used to inform non-communicable diseases (NCDs) public health policies designed to reduce overeating, excessive drinking, smoking, and physical inactivity. The aim of the review is to examine the evidence on the use and effectiveness of behavioural economics insights on reducing NCDs lifestyle risk factors. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and EconLit were searched for studies published between January 2002 and July 2016 and reporting empirical, non-pharmacological, interventional research focusing on reducing at least one NCDs lifestyle risk factor by employing a behavioural economics perspective...
July 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715424/atrophy-of-gluteus-maximus-among-women-with-a-history-of-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
Amy H Amabile, John H Bolte, Saskia D Richter
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between low back pain (LBP) and the size of certain trunk muscles has been extensively studied, the relationship between gluteus maximus (GM) size and LBP has been only minimally examined. Determining whether such a relationship exists would help improve our understanding of the etiology of LBP, and possibly provide a rationale for the use of therapeutic exercise interventions targeting GM with LBP patients. The objective of this study was to compare gluteus maximus cross-sectional area in individuals with chronic LBP, and in a group of individuals without LBP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715286/effects-of-lifestyle-intervention-on-soluble-cd163-a-macrophage-activation-marker-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
Sidsel Rødgaard-Hansen, Alexis St George, Konstantin Kazankov, Adrian Bauman, Jacob George, Henning Grønbæk, Holger Jon Møller
OBJECTIVE: Liver macrophages play an important role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Soluble CD163 (sCD163), a macrophage-specific biomarker, reflects disease activity in the range of liver diseases. The impact of lifestyle intervention on sCD163 in adult NAFLD patients has not been investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed 126 NAFLD patients participating in a lifestyle intervention study for sCD163 concentrations at baseline, after the three-month intervention period, and at long-term follow-up after 12 and 24 months...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714926/a-protein-diet-score-including-plant-and-animal-protein-investigating-the-association-with-hba1c-and-egfr-the-preview-project
#13
Grith Møller, Diewertje Sluik, Christian Ritz, Vera Mikkilä, Olli T Raitakari, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Lars O Dragsted, Thomas M Larsen, Sally D Poppitt, Marta P Silvestre, Edith J M Feskens, Jennie Brand-Miller, Anne Raben
Higher-protein diets have been advocated for body-weight regulation for the past few decades. However, the potential health risks of these diets are still uncertain. We aimed to develop a protein score based on the quantity and source of protein, and to examine the association of the score with glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Analyses were based on three population studies included in the PREVIEW project (PREVention of diabetes through lifestyle Intervention and population studies in Europe and around the World): NQplus, Lifelines, and the Young Finns Study...
July 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714405/emerging-targets-to-relieve-fat-stress-induced-liver-diseases-udca-tocotrienol-%C3%AF-3-pufas-and-igy-targeted-npc1l1-cholesterol-transporter
#14
Ji-Young Cha, Jong-Min Park, Ho-Jae Lee, Jin-Sik Bae, Young-Min Han, Byung-Chul Oh, Kwang Hyun Ko, Ki-Baik Hahm
Fat stress-induced liver disease is a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome initiated by excess fat accumulation and encompasses a wide spectrum of diseases from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, a precursor lesion progressing to more aggressive liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although the incidence of these fat stress-induced liver diseases is rapidly increasing worldwide in parallel with the growing epidemics of obesity and metabolic diseases, its exact pathogenesis is not well defined...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713862/metabolic-surgery-gastric-bypass-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Maria Del Pilar Quevedo, Mariano Palermo, Edgardo Serra, Marianela A Ackermann
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the largest health emergencies of the 21st century given the worldwide increase of obesity during the last decades and its close association. T2DM is an inherited, polygenic and chronic disease caused by the interaction between several genetic variants in genes and the environment. The continuous search for new and more effective tools to achieve appropriate glycemic control became imperative in order to reduce long-term complications and mortality rates related to T2DM...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711517/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Safa Anwar, Nigar Shikalgar
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age, associated with metabolic sequelae which includes increased risk factors for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The adverse effects of DM2 affects a woman throughout her lifespan. Health care expenditure of DM2 highlights the need for prevention through appropriate screening, diagnosis and intervention. Lifestyle modification (LSM) programs that include diet and/or physical activity are suggested for patients characterized as prediabetic to delay the onset of adult DM2...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711469/targeting-weight-loss-interventions-to-reduce-cardiovascular-complications-of-type-2-diabetes-a-machine-learning-based-post-hoc-analysis-of-heterogeneous-treatment-effects-in-the-look-ahead-trial
#17
Aaron Baum, Joseph Scarpa, Emilie Bruzelius, Ronald Tamler, Sanjay Basu, James Faghmous
BACKGROUND: The Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial investigated whether long-term cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality could be reduced through a weight loss intervention among people with type 2 diabetes. Despite finding no significant reduction in cardiovascular events on average, it is possible that some subpopulations might have derived benefit. In this post-hoc analysis, we test the hypothesis that the overall neutral average treatment effect in the trial masked important heterogeneous treatment effects (HTEs) from intensive weight loss interventions...
July 12, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710367/hyperuricemia-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-the-chinese-adult-population
#18
Jie Wu, Ling Qiu, Xin-Qi Cheng, Tao Xu, Wei Wu, Xue-Jun Zeng, Yi-Cong Ye, Xiu-Zhi Guo, Qian Cheng, Qian Liu, Li Liu, Cheng-Li Xu, Guang-Jin Zhu
Hyperuricemia is common in China and the relevance of hyperuricemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk has been highlighted, but to date there has been rarely nation-wide study in China. Here, we aim to estimate the current prevalence of hyperuricemia and evaluate the associations between hyperuricemia and cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) clustering in a large sample of China adults including a plurality of ethnic minorities. Generally, a nationally representative sample of 22983 adults aged ≥18 years was recruited from 2007 to 2011...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710205/effect-of-interdisciplinary-care-on-weight-loss-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Linda C Tapsell, Maureen Lonergan, Marijka J Batterham, Elizabeth P Neale, Allison Martin, Rebecca Thorne, Frank Deane, Gregory Peoples
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a novel interdisciplinary treatment compared with usual care on weight loss in overweight and obese adult volunteers. DESIGN: Single blinded controlled trial. Participants randomly assigned to usual care (C, general guideline-based diet and exercise advice), intervention (I, interdisciplinary protocol) or intervention + a healthy food supplement (30 g walnuts/day) (IW). SETTING: Community based study, Illawarra region, south of Sydney, Australia...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709772/physical-health-promotion-in-patients-with-functional-psychoses-receiving-community-psychiatric-services-results-of-the-physico-dsm-vr-study
#20
Elena Bonfioli, Maria Angela Mazzi, Loretta Berti, Lorenzo Burti
OBJECTIVES: Psychotic patients have poorer health behaviours, including poor diets and sedentary lifestyles increasing their risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia, and tend to have a shorter life expectancy as compared to nonpsychiatric populations. Lifestyle intervention programmes that target modifiable risk factors in such patients have produced uneven results. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a package of health promotion strategies to improve diet and physical exercise in psychotic patients...
July 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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