keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lifestyle intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534024/cancer-immunoprevention-and-public-health
#1
REVIEW
Sandeep K Singh, Mehmet Tevfik Dorak
The power of cancer immune surveillance has been documented beyond doubt, and the successful exploitation of immune response to cancer has started a new era in the war against cancer. Cancer biologists have recognized immunoevasion as an emerging hallmark in addition to the six hallmarks of cancer. Besides the natural connection between the immune system and cancer development, most established environmental risk factors are now known to interfere with immune surveillance mechanisms. Genetic variations regulating immunity may also modulate cancer susceptibility, but evidence for this is currently limited...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533729/anmco-gicr-iacpr-sici-gise-consensus-document-the-clinical-management-of-chronic-ischaemic-cardiomyopathy
#2
Carmine Riccio, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Furio Colivicchi, Andrea Di Lenarda, Giuseppe Musumeci, Pompilio Massimo Faggiano, Maurizio Giuseppe Abrignani, Roberta Rossini, Francesco Fattirolli, Serafina Valente, Gian Francesco Mureddu, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Zoran Olivari, Antonio Francesco Amico, Giancarlo Casolo, Claudio Fresco, Alberto Menozzi, Federico Nardi
Stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is a clinical entity of great epidemiological importance. It is becoming increasingly common due to the longer life expectancy, being strictly related to age and to advances in diagnostic techniques and pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. Stable CAD encompasses a variety of clinical and anatomic presentations, making the identification of its clinical and anatomical features challenging. Therapeutic interventions should be defined on an individual basis according to the patient's risk profile...
May 2017: European Heart Journal Supplements: Journal of the European Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533672/effect-of-a-counseling-supported-treatment-with-the-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-on-the-severity-of-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Chiara Gelli, Mirko Tarocchi, Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Andrea Galli, Antonino De Lorenzo
AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nutritional counseling on reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, weight loss, metabolic and anthropometric indexes and liver enzymes. METHODS: Forty-six adults with NAFLD received a 6-mo clinical and a dietary intervention (based on Mediterranean diet) carried out respectively by a gastroenterologist and a nutritionist with counseling license. The counseling process consisted of monthly meeting (about 45 min each)...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532894/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#4
Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada, Pedro Armario, José María Lobos Bejarano, Juan Pedro-Botet, Fernando Villar Álvarez, Roberto Elosua, Carlos Brotons Cuixart, Olga Cortés, Benilde Serrano, Miguel Camafort Babkowski, Antonio Gil Núñez, Antonio Pérez, Antonio Maiques, Ana de Santiago Nocito, Almudena de Castro, Eduardo Alegría, Ciro Baeza, María Herranz, Susana Sans, Pilar Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
May 19, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532439/efficacy-cost-utility-and-reach-of-an-ehealth-self-management-application-oncokompas-that-helps-cancer-survivors-to-obtain-optimal-supportive-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Anja van der Hout, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Birgit I Witte, Veerle M H Coupé, Femke Jansen, C René Leemans, Pim Cuijpers, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have to deal with a wide range of physical symptoms, psychological, social and existential concerns, and lifestyle issues related to cancer and its treatment. Therefore, it is essential that they have access to optimal supportive care services. The eHealth self-management application Oncokompas was developed to support cancer survivors with where they need to turn to for advice and guidance, as well as to increase their knowledge on the availability of optimal support...
May 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531821/examining-the-physical-health-and-lifestyle-of-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-qualitative-study-involving-service-users-parents-and-clinicians
#6
Rebekah Carney, Jack Cotter, Tim Bradshaw, Alison R Yung
Emerging evidence suggests young people at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) are also at-risk for poor physical health, and display high rates of modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors. However, before we can develop effective interventions there is a need to understand factors affecting lifestyle choices in the UHR group. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 UHR individuals (50% male; mean age 21.7), 5 parents (4 mothers, 1 father), and 6 clinicians from early intervention services in the Northwest of England to identify barriers and facilitators to living a healthy lifestyle, including achieving regular exercise, eating well and refraining from excessive substance use...
May 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531197/a-narrative-systematic-review-of-factors-affecting-diabetes-prevention-in-primary-care-settings
#7
Josie Messina, Stephen Campbell, Rebecca Morris, Emily Eyles, Caroline Sanders
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is impacting millions of people globally; however, many future cases can be prevented through lifestyle changes and interventions. Primary care is an important setting for diabetes prevention, for at-risk populations, because it is a patient's primary point of contact with the health care system and professionals can provide lifestyle counselling and support, as well as monitoring health outcomes. These are all essential elements for diabetes prevention for at-risk adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529160/do-unfavourable-alcohol-smoking-nutrition-and-physical-activity-predict-sustained-leisure-time-sedentary-behaviour-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Carla F J Nooijen, Jette Möller, Yvonne Forsell, Maria Ekblom, Maria R Galanti, Karin Engström
Comparing lifestyle of people remaining sedentary during longer periods of their life with those favourably changing their behaviour can provide cues to optimize interventions targeting sedentary behaviour. The objective of this study was to determine lifestyle predictors of sustained leisure time sedentary behaviour and assess whether these predictors were dependent on gender, age, socioeconomic position and occupational sedentary behaviour. Data from a large longitudinal population-based cohort of adults (aged 18-97years) in Stockholm responding to public health surveys in 2010 and 2014 were analysed (n=49,133)...
May 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#9
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528077/is-the-success-of-the-slimmer-diabetes-prevention-intervention-modified-by-socioeconomic-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Andrea J Bukman, Geerke Duijzer, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Sophia C Jansen, Josien Ter Beek, Gerrit J Hiddink, Edith J M Feskens
AIM: To explore the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in participation, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out, and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. METHODS: SLIMMER was a randomised controlled intervention, carried out in a real-world setting, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (n=316). The intervention group participated in a 10-month combined dietary and physical activity programme...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528075/adopting-the-new-world-health-organization-diagnostic-criteria-for-gestational-diabetes-how-the-prevalence-changes-in-a-high-risk-region-in-australia
#11
Vincent W Wong, Andrew Lin, Hamish Russell
AIMS: In this study, we assessed changes in prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a region with diverse cultural backgrounds in Australia under the new World Health Organization (WHO) diagnostic criteria, with reference to the woman's ethnicity, age and pre-pregnant body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We recorded results of all 75-gram oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) performed on pregnant women between February and December 2015 together with their demographic details, and determined the prevalence of GDM based on the old Australian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society (ADIPS) and the new WHO criteria respectively...
April 25, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527212/apolipoprotein-e4-gender-body-mass-index-inflammation-insulin-resistance-and-air-pollution-interactions-recipe-for-alzheimer-s-disease-development-in-mexico-city-young-females
#12
Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, Suzanne M de la Monte
Given the epidemiological trends of increasing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and growing evidence that exposure and lifestyle factors contribute to AD risk and pathogenesis, attention should be paid to variables such as air pollution, in order to reduce rates of cognitive decline and dementia. Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) above the US EPA standards is associated with AD risk. Mexico City children experienced pre- and postnatal high exposures to PM2.5, O3, combustion-derived iron-rich nanoparticles, metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and endotoxins...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#13
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526994/adolescent-s-health-behaviors-and-risk-for-insulin-resistance-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Stacey L Simon, Sarah J Schmiege, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One-third of US adolescents are obese, and related comorbidities exist in this population. Preventing early indicators of these diseases, such as insulin resistance (IR), may impact future morbidity and mortality. Interventions to date have only focused on diet or exercise. Additional targets to prevent disease are needed. This paper reviews the evidence in adolescents examining multiple health behaviors that have been associated with IR. RECENT FINDINGS: Health behaviors (i...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526671/telehealth-interventions-to-support-self-management-of-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-metareview-of-diabetes-heart-failure-asthma-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Peter Hanlon, Luke Daines, Christine Campbell, Brian McKinstry, David Weller, Hilary Pinnock
BACKGROUND: Self-management support is one mechanism by which telehealth interventions have been proposed to facilitate management of long-term conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this metareview were to (1) assess the impact of telehealth interventions to support self-management on disease control and health care utilization, and (2) identify components of telehealth support and their impact on disease control and the process of self-management. Our goal was to synthesise evidence for telehealth-supported self-management of diabetes (types 1 and 2), heart failure, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cancer to identify components of effective self-management support...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526394/do-high-participation-rates-improve-effects-of-population-based-general-health-checks
#17
A M Bender, T Jørgensen, C Pisinger
The aim is to investigate if the effect of a health check differs between areas with different participation rates. The Inter99 population-based randomized lifestyle intervention study covered 73 areas within the suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. Adults aged 30-60years were randomly drawn from a population and were randomized to intervention group (n=11,483) or control group (n=47,122). Participation rates in the health check varied considerably between areas (mean 52%; range 35-85%). In separate survival analyses, area participation rate was included both as a continuous exposure variable and as a categorical variable (tertiles; low: 35-49%, meddle: 50-54%, high: 55-84%)...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525818/hypertension-update-jnc8-and-beyond
#18
REVIEW
Tara Shrout, David W Rudy, Michael T Piascik
Hypertension is the most preventable major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The etiology of elevated blood pressure is a complex process involving the interaction of genetics, demographics, comorbid disorders, and environmental influences. Effective hypertensive therapy has been shown to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. JNC reports have served as a valuable source of guidelines, and JNC 8 is the most recently updated guideline for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of hypertension...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525445/priorities-and-preferences-for-weight-management-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-primary-care
#19
Lynne S Nemeth, LaShanta J Rice, Maryellen Potts, Cathy Melvin, Melanie Jefferson, Chanita Hughes-Halbert
Implementing behavioral interventions for cardiovascular risk reduction and weight management is challenging in primary care. Primary care patients and providers were recruited for qualitative interviews to identify priorities and preferences for addressing weight management. Thematic analysis was used to identify relevant resources, barriers to lifestyle modification, health behavior change, and implementation of weight management strategies into care. Patients and providers prioritized increasing physical activity and healthy diets when managing chronic disease; and reported decreased patient motivation, knowledge, and limited organizational capacity and time among providers to deliver intensive interventions...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525293/where-do-women-get-advice-about-weight-eating-and-physical-activity-during-pregnancy
#20
Adrian Mercado, Becky Marquez, Barbara Abrams, Maureen G Phipps, Rena R Wing, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Most women report not receiving information about gestational weight gain (GWG) from prenatal providers, but less is known about other sources of information and their potential impacts on GWG. The purpose of this study was to investigate sources of information about diet, physical activity, and weight control during pregnancy, and the impact of information sources on maternal GWG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 183 women with normal weight and 172 women with overweight/obesity who had enrolled in a prenatal lifestyle intervention trial...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
81653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"