keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

lifestyle intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334045/development-of-a-patient-experience-questionnaire-to-improve-lifestyle-services-in-primary-care
#1
Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Anneli Kaethler, Alexandra Mayhew, Maya Israeloff-Smith
Aim We developed a self-report tool to assess patients' experiences with lifestyle services in team-based primary care and pilot tested the questionnaire as part of a lifestyle intervention study to reverse metabolic syndrome. BACKGROUND: Older client satisfaction questionnaires have been generally inadequate for quality improvement purposes, as they have been focused mainly on interpersonal skills of providers and/or in the context of one disease. New approaches to assessing the patient experience of lifestyle programs in primary care are needed and could inform quality improvement efforts over time...
January 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333504/community-based-physical-activity-as-adjunctive-smoking-cessation-treatment-rationale-design-and-baseline-data-for-the-lifestyle-enhancement-program-leap-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Mark W Vander Weg, Mace Coday, Michelle B Stockton, Barbara McClanahan, George Relyea, Mary C Read, Nancy Wilson, Stephanie Connelly, Phyllis Richey, Karen C Johnson, Kenneth D Ward
Despite advances in behavioral and pharmacological treatment for tobacco use and dependence, quit rates remain suboptimal. Increasing physical activity has shown some promise as a strategy for improving cessation outcomes. However, initial efficacy studies focused on intensive, highly structured exercise programs that may not be applicable to the general population of smokers. We describe the rationale and study design and report baseline participant characteristics from the Lifestyle Enhancement Program (LEAP), a two-group, randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331992/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-reducing-non-occupational-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Jozo Grgic, Glen Wiesner, Alexandra Parker, Hrvoje Podnar, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: No systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour are available. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and cluster RCTs among adults testing the effectiveness of interventions aimed to reduce non-occupational sedentary behaviour were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331276/analyzing-recommender-systems-for-health-promotion-using-a-multidisciplinary-taxonomy-a-scoping-review
#4
Santiago Hors-Fraile, Octavio Rivera-Romero, Francine Schneider, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Francisco Luna-Perejon, Anton Civit-Balcells, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Recommender systems are information retrieval systems that provide users with relevant items (e.g., through messages). Despite their extensive use in the e-commerce and leisure domains, their application in healthcare is still in its infancy. These systems may be used to create tailored health interventions, thus reducing the cost of healthcare and fostering a healthier lifestyle in the population. OBJECTIVE: This paper identifies, categorizes, and analyzes the existing knowledge in terms of the literature published over the past 10 years on the use of health recommender systems for patient interventions...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330237/-the-hand-on-the-doorknob-visit-agenda-setting-by-complex-patients-and-their-primary-care-physicians
#5
Christine P Kowalski, Deanna B McQuillan, Neetu Chawla, Courtney Lyles, Andrea Altschuler, Connie S Uratsu, Elizabeth A Bayliss, Michele Heisler, Richard W Grant
BACKGROUND: Choosing which issues to discuss in the limited time available during primary care visits is an important task for complex patients with chronic conditions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted sequential interviews with complex patients (n = 40) and their primary care physicians (n = 17) from 3 different health systems to investigate how patients and physicians prepare for visits, how visit agendas are determined, and how discussion priorities are established during time-limited visits...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330101/telephone-based-weight-loss-support-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kate M O'Brien, John Wiggers, Amanda Williams, Elizabeth Campbell, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Sze Lin Yoong, Emma K Robson, Robin Haskins, Steven J Kamper, Chris Rissel, Christopher M Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of telephone-based weight loss support in reducing the intensity of knee pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis, who are overweight or obese, compared to usual care. DESIGN: We conducted a parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT), embedded within a cohort multiple RCT of patients on a waiting list for outpatient orthopaedic consultation at a tertiary referral hospital in NSW, Australia. Patients with knee osteoarthritis, classified as overweight or obese (body mass index between ≥27kg/m2 and <40kg/m2) were randomly allocated to receive referral to an existing non-disease specific government funded 6-month telephone-based weight management and healthy lifestyle service or usual care...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#7
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#8
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324968/long-term-effects-of-an-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-electrocardiographic-criteria-for-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-the-look-ahead-trial
#9
Tina E Brinkley, Andrea Anderson, Elsayed Z Soliman, Alain G Bertoni, Frank Greenway, William C Knowler, Stephen P Glasser, Edward S Horton, Mark A Espeland
Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy assessed by electrocardiography (ECG-LVH) is a marker of subclinical cardiac damage and a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The prevalence of ECG-LVH is increased in obesity and type 2 diabetes; however, there are no data on the long-term effects of weight loss on ECG-LVH. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an intensive lifestyle intervention reduces ECG-LVH in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#10
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324776/effect-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-infertile-women-on-cardiometabolic-health-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Lotte van Dammen, Vincent Wekker, Anne M van Oers, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Rebecca C Painter, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Henk Groen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Anneke C Muller Kobold, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Ron van Golde, Gerrit J E Oosterhuis, Niels E A Vogel, Ben Willem J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity, an important cardiometabolic risk factor, is rising in women. Lifestyle improvements are the first step in treatment of obesity, but the success depends on factors like timing and motivation. Women are especially receptive to advice about lifestyle before and during pregnancy. Therefore, we hypothesize that the pre-pregnancy period provides the perfect window of opportunity to improve cardiometabolic health and quality of life of obese infertile women, by means of a lifestyle intervention...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324517/long-term-care-of-transplant-recipients-de-novo-neoplasms-after-liver-transplantation
#12
Patrizia Burra, Sarah Shalaby, Alberto Zanetto
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since the first liver transplantation in the early 1960s, there have been significant improvements in the recipients' long-term outcome. Patients who have undergone transplantation are exposed to a high risk of developing neoplastic disease, not only because of their chronic immunosuppression, but also related to physiological aging, lifestyle, chronic viral infections, liver disease cause, and carcinogenic immunosuppressants. The present review covers the latest and most relevant data on de novo neoplasms after liver transplantation, and discusses their implications for clinical practice...
January 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322617/preview-prevention-of-diabetes-through-lifestyle-intervention-in-a-multicentre-study-in-europe-in-children-10-17y-design-methods-and-baseline-results
#13
Elke Dorenbos, Mathijs Drummen, Jesse Rijks, Tanja Adam, Pauline Stouthart, J Alfredo Martínez, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Gareth Stratton, Nils Swindell, Mikael Fogelholm, Anne Raben, Margriet Westerterp-Plantenga, Anita Vreugdenhil
Insulin resistance (IR) in adolescence is associated with T2DM. The PREVIEW study assesses the effectiveness of a high-protein, low-glycaemic index diet and moderate-protein, moderate-glycaemic index diet to decrease IR in insulin resistant children with overweight/obesity. Inclusion criteria were age 10-17y, HOMA-IR≥2.0 and overweight/obesity. In 126 children (13.6±2.2y, BMI z-score 3.04±0.66, HOMA-IR 3.48±2.28) anthropometrics, fat mass percentage (FM%), metabolic parameters, physical activity, food intake and sleep were measured...
January 11, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321047/effects-of-concentrated-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-before-radical-prostatectomy-on-prostate-cancer-proliferation-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-study-protocol-for-a-phase-iib-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Marie-Hélène Guertin, Karine Robitaille, Jean-François Pelletier, Thierry Duchesne, Pierre Julien, Josée Savard, Isabelle Bairati, Vincent Fradet
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in north-American men. Few dietary or lifestyle interventions have been tested to prevent prostate cancer progression. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation represents a promising intervention for prostate cancer patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3), more precisely eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) supplementation, on prostate cancer proliferation, inflammation mediators and quality of life among men who will undergo radical prostatectomy...
January 10, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320380/reducing-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-nonselected-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-30-month-program
#15
Peter Hjorth, Caroline H Espensen, Nikolaj J Madsen, Anne G Viuff, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is 2- to 3-fold more common in patients with schizophrenia than in the general population. A lifestyle with a focus on diet, exercise, and medication is required to prevent complications from type 2 diabetes, but patients with schizophrenia frequently have trouble maintaining such a lifestyle because of factors related to their illness, such as cognitive disturbances, negative and positive symptoms, and side effects of psychotropic medications. OBJECTIVE: To measure and reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes in patients with schizophrenia and examine characteristics associated with positive outcomes...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#16
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319347/sigma-factors-mediated-signaling-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#17
Peifu Zhou, Xinpeng Wang, Yuzhong Zhao, Wei Yuan, Jianping Xie
Activation of signaling cascades is critical for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) to adapt the macrophage lifestyle. Parallel to several signal systems, sigma factor systems, especially the extra-cytoplasmic function sigma factors, are crucial for Mtb signaling. Most sigma factors lack a signal sensory domain and often are activated by various proteins that perceive the environmental cues and relay the signals through variegated post-translational modifications via the activity of antisigma factor, protein kinase and related transcriptional regulators...
January 10, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319155/economic-evaluation-and-cost-of-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Sophy T F Shih, Utsana Tonmukayakul, Christine Imms, Dinah Reddihough, H Kerr Graham, Liz Cox, Rob Carter
AIM: Economic appraisal can help guide policy-making for purchasing decisions, and treatment and management algorithms for health interventions. We conducted a systematic review of economic studies in cerebral palsy (CP) to inform future research. METHOD: Economic studies published since 1970 were identified from seven databases. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and extracted data following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317599/dna-methylome-variation-in-a-perinatal-nurse-visitation-program-that-reduces-child-maltreatment-a-27-year-follow-up
#19
Kieran J O'Donnell, Li Chen, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Thao Nguyen, Katherine Beckmann, Yuecai Zhu, Lawrence Ming Chen, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, David Goldman, Elena L Grigorenko, James F Leckman, Josie Diorio, Neerja Karnani, David L Olds, Joanna D Holbrook, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney
This study reveals the influence of child maltreatment on DNA methylation across the genome and provides the first evidence that a psychosocial intervention program, the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), which targets mothers at risk for abusive parenting, associates with variation in the DNA methylome in adult offspring. The 188 participants were born to women randomly assigned to control (n = 99) or nurse-visited intervention groups (n = 89) and provided blood samples and a diagnostic interview at age 27 years...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317383/research-and-practice-based-nutrition-education-and-cooking-workshops-in-pediatric-oncology-protocol-for-implementation-and-development-of-curriculum
#20
Cynthia Chaput, Sabrina Beaulieu-Gagnon, Véronique Bélanger, Simon Drouin, Laurence Bertout, Lucie Lafrance, Cinthia Olivier, Marthe Robitaille, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, Marie Marquis, Valérie Marcil
BACKGROUND: Progresses in childhood cancer treatment, diagnosis, and management have resulted in childhood cancer survival rates of over 80%. However, this therapeutic success comes with a heavy price: two-thirds of childhood cancer survivors will be affected by further complications, including cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Adequate nutrition during cancer treatment is essential to ensure the child's optimal development, improve tolerance to treatments, and can contribute to lower the risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
keyword
keyword
81653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"