keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CD40 Ligand

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738836/metabolism-associated-danger-signal-induced-immune-response-and-reverse-immune-checkpoint-activated-cd40-monocyte-differentiation
#1
REVIEW
Jin Dai, Pu Fang, Jason Saredy, Hang Xi, Cueto Ramon, William Yang, Eric T Choi, Yong Ji, Wei Mao, Xiaofeng Yang, Hong Wang
Adaptive immunity is critical for disease progression and modulates T cell (TC) and antigen-presenting cell (APC) functions. Three signals were initially proposed for adaptive immune activation: signal 1 antigen recognition, signal 2 co-stimulation or co-inhibition, and signal 3 cytokine stimulation. In this article, we propose to term signal 2 as an immune checkpoint, which describes interactions of paired molecules leading to stimulation (stimulatory immune checkpoint) or inhibition (inhibitory immune checkpoint) of an immune response...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736763/immunologic-effects-of-maraviroc-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-severe-cd4-lymphopenia-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-a-sub-study-of-the-cadiris-trial
#2
Pablo F Belaunzarán-Zamudio, Livio Azzoni, David H Canaday, Yanink N Caro-Vega, Brian Clagget, Mohammed S Rassool, Benigno Rodriguez, Ian Sanne, Irini Sereti, Juan G Sierra-Madero, Michael M Lederman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the mechanisms of immunological recovery and the effects of blocking CCR5 in patients starting ART with advanced HIV-infection. METHODS: This was a sub-study of a 48 week double-blind, clinical trial where patients starting ART with CD4+ cell counts <100 cells/uL were randomized to receive maraviroc or a placebo. CD4+ and CD8+ cell maturation phenotypes, expression of PD-1 and CCR5, and activation indices were measured at weeks 0, 4, 12, 24, and 48...
2017: Pathogens & Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720587/platelet-soluble-cd40-ligand-level-is-associated-with-transfusion-adverse-reactions-in-a-mixed-threshold-and-hit-model
#3
Fabrice Cognasse, Caroline Sut, Elisa Fromont, Sandrine Laradi, Hind Hamzeh-Cognasse, Olivier Garraud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697888/regulated-expansion-and-survival-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cells-using-small-molecule-dependent-inducible-myd88-cd40
#4
Aaron E Foster, Aruna Mahendravada, Nicholas P Shinners, Wei-Chun Chang, Jeannette Crisostomo, An Lu, Mariam Khalil, Eva Morschl, Joanne L Shaw, Sunandan Saha, MyLinh T Duong, Matthew R Collinson-Pautz, David L Torres, Tania Rodriguez, Tsvetelina Pentcheva-Hoang, J Henri Bayle, Kevin M Slawin, David M Spencer
Anti-tumor efficacy of T cells engineered to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) is dependent on their specificity, survival, and in vivo expansion following adoptive transfer. Toll-like receptor (TLR) and CD40 signaling in T cells can improve persistence and drive proliferation of antigen-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells following pathogen challenge or in graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) settings, suggesting that these costimulatory pathways may be co-opted to improve CAR-T cell persistence and function...
July 8, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663244/frontline-science-c-myc-regulates-p-selectin-glycoprotein-ligand-1-expression-in-monocytes-during-hiv-1-infection
#5
Ryan Connor, Letitia D Jones, Xing Qiu, Juilee Thakar, Sanjay B Maggirwar
Leukocyte extravasation is a crucial feature of the normal immune response to disease and infection and is implicated in various pathologies during chronic inflammatory disease. P-Selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is critical for leukocyte extravasation; however, despite extensive study, it remains unclear how its expression is regulated, which in turn, impedes a more precise understanding of how its expression level affects transmigration. To investigate the regulation of PSGL-1, 60 subjects, with or without HIV infection, were recruited and PSGL-1 expression in monocytes was measured...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662296/phase-iia-trial-of-fingolimod-for-als-demonstrates-acceptable-acute-safety-and-tolerability
#6
James D Berry, Sabrina Paganoni, Nazem Atassi, Eric A Macklin, Namita Goyal, Michael Rivner, Ericka Simpson, Stanley Appel, Daniela L Grasso, Nicte I Mejia, Farrah Mateen, Alan Gill, Fernando Vieira, Valerie Tassinari, Steven Perrin
INTRODUCTION: Immune activation is implicated in ALS progression. Oral fingolimod reduces circulating lymphocytes. The objective of this phase IIa randomized controlled trial was to test the short-term safety, tolerability, and target engagement of fingolimod in ALS. METHODS: Randomization was 2:1 (fingolimod:placebo). Treatment duration was four weeks. Primary outcomes were safety and tolerability. Secondary outcomes included circulating lymphocytes and whole blood gene expression...
June 29, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652057/carotid-endarterectomy-induces-the-release-of-inflammatory-markers-and-the-activation-of-coagulation-as-measured-in-the-jugular-bulb
#7
Bjorn Kragsterman, David Bergqvist, Agneta Siegbahn, Hakan Parsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient cerebral hypoxia may induce neuronal injury through an ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) response, with a subsequent activation of inflammation and coagulation-fibrinolysis. During carotid endarterectomy (CEA), the artery is clamped, which might impair the regional cerebral perfusion and initiate a local I/R response. Data suggest that the CD40-CD40 ligand dyad acts as a modulator in the induced activation. The aim of this study was to locally measure soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), in conjunction with inflammation and coagulation activation markers, during CEA...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636654/characterization-of-human-fcrl4-positive-b-cells
#8
Michel Jourdan, Nicolas Robert, Maïlys Cren, Coraline Thibaut, Christophe Duperray, Alboukadel Kassambara, Michel Cogné, Karin Tarte, Bernard Klein, Jérôme Moreaux
FCRL4 is an immunoregulatory receptor that belongs to the Fc receptor-like (FCRL) family. In healthy individuals, FCRL4 is specifically expressed by memory B cells (MBCs) localized in sub-epithelial regions of lymphoid tissues. Expansion of FCRL4+ B cells has been observed in blood and other tissues in various infectious and autoimmune disorders. Currently, the mechanisms involved in pathological FCRL4+ B cell generation are actively studied, but they remain elusive. As in vivo FCRL4+ cells are difficult to access and to isolate, here we developed a culture system to generate in vitro FCRL4+ B cells from purified MBCs upon stimulation with soluble CD40 ligand and/or CpG DNA to mimic T-cell dependent and/or T-cell independent activation, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636555/overcoming-resistance-to-targeted-therapy-with-immunotherapy-and-combination-therapy-for-metastatic-melanoma
#9
REVIEW
Hilary R Keller, Xin Zhang, Li Li, Helmut Schaider, James W Wells
Resistance to targeted therapy is an ongoing problem for the successful treatment of Stage IV metastatic melanoma. For many patients, the use of targeted therapies, such as BRAF kinase inhibitors, were initially promising yet resistance inevitably occurred. Even after combining BRAF kinase inhibitors with MEK pathway inhibitors to offset re-activation of the MAP kinase pathway, resistance is still documented. Similarly, outcomes with immune checkpoint inhibitors as monotherapy were optimistic for some patients without relapse or progression, yet the majority of patients undergoing monotherapy have progressive disease...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634479/whole-blood-profiling-of-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-induced-trained-innate-immunity-in-infants-identifies-epidermal-growth-factor-il-6-platelet-derived-growth-factor-ab-bb-and-natural-killer-cell-activation
#10
Steven G Smith, Johanneke Kleinnijenhuis, Mihai G Netea, Hazel M Dockrell
Vaccination of infants with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) activates both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune response. The antimycobacterial effects of these responses most likely account for the ability of BCG to protect against childhood forms of tuberculosis (TB). There is also evidence for a heterologous protective effect of BCG vaccination against TB-unrelated mortality in low birth weight infants. A possible mechanism of action of this effect, the induction of trained innate immunity, has been demonstrated when cells from BCG-vaccinated adults are restimulated in vitro with non-related microbial stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621946/the-acute-effects-of-fine-particulate-matter-constituents-on-blood-inflammation-and-coagulation
#11
Cong Liu, Jing Cai, Liping Qiao, Hongli Wang, Wenxi Xu, Huichu Li, Zhuohui Zhao, Renjie Chen, Haidong Kan
Limited evidence is available on the effects of various fine particulate matter (PM2.5) constituents on blood inflammation and coagulation. We examined the associations between 10 constituents and 10 circulating biomarkers in a panel of 28 urban residents with four repeated measurements in Shanghai, China. Based on the linear mixed-effect models, we fitted the single-constituent models, the constituent-PM2.5 joint models, and the constituent-residual models to evaluate the associations between PM2.5 constituents and eight inflammatory biomarkers (fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1b, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) and two coagulation biomarkers (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and soluble CD40 ligand)...
June 29, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619427/soluble-cd40-ligand-derived-from-serum-is-not-correlated-with-early-ms
#12
Hamid Zahednasab, Bahaadin Siroos, Mohammad Balood, Mohammad Sajad Emami Aleagha, Mohammad Hossein Harirchian
BACKGROUND: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD154) is a proinflammatory and prothrombotic ligand belonging to the tumor necrosis factor family. It has been shown by a variety of studies that sCD154 is elevated in the serum of patients afflicted with system autoimmune diseases. The aim of our study was to address whether sCD154 is increased in disease affected by Multiple Sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Twenty MS patients who have been newly diagnosed as clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) along with twenty age and sex matched healthy individuals were recruited for this study...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609750/association-of-plasma-cd40l-with-acute-chest-syndrome-in-sickle-cell-anemia
#13
Vanessa Tonin Garrido, Laura Sonzogni, Siana Nkya Mtatiro, Fernando F Costa, Nicola Conran, Swee Lay Thein
Platelet activation and platelet-derived cytokines contribute to the vascular inflammation and increased thrombotic activity known to occur in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). CD40 ligand (CD40L), a platelet-associated pro-inflammatory molecule that promotes endothelial cell activation, is elevated in the circulation of SCA patients. We sought to evaluate the association of CD40L and inflammation with sickle-related clinical complications and laboratory variables in SCA patients. Soluble CD40L, thrombospondin (TSP)-1 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were determined in the platelet-poor plasma of healthy individuals and steady-state SCA patients by ELISA...
June 10, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609704/sphingosine-1-phosphate-s1p-suppresses-the-collagen-induced-activation-of-human-platelets-via-s1p4-receptor
#14
Takashi Onuma, Kumiko Tanabe, Yuko Kito, Masanori Tsujimoto, Kodai Uematsu, Yukiko Enomoto, Rie Matsushima-Nishiwaki, Tomoaki Doi, Kiyoshi Nagase, Shigeru Akamatsu, Haruhiko Tokuda, Shinji Ogura, Toru Iwama, Osamu Kozawa, Hiroki Iida
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is as an extracellular factor that acts as a potent lipid mediator by binding to specific receptors, S1P receptors (S1PRs). However, the precise role of S1P in human platelets that express S1PRs has not yet been fully clarified. We previously reported that heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is released from human platelets accompanied by its phosphorylation stimulated by collagen. In the present study, we investigated the effect of S1P on the collagen-induced platelet activation. S1P pretreatment markedly attenuated the collagen-induced aggregation...
June 2, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608165/platelet-related-biomarkers-and-their-response-to-inhibition-with-aspirin-and-p2y12-receptor-antagonists-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Angela Lowenstern, Robert F Storey, Megan Neely, Jie-Lena Sun, Dominick J Angiolillo, Christopher P Cannon, Anders Himmelmann, Kurt Huber, Stefan K James, Hugo A Katus, Joao Morais, Agneta Siegbahn, Phillippe Gabriel Steg, Lars Wallentin, Richard C Becker
The PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) trial showed that treatment with ticagrelor reduced the rate of death due to vascular causes, myocardial infarction and stroke when compared to clopidogrel in patients with ST-elevation or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS). While the comparative benefit of ticagrelor over clopidogrel increased over time, event rates accrued in both groups during the study period. The purpose of our biomarker-based exploratory analysis was to determine whether long-term platelet inhibition may be associated with platelet adaptation...
August 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602123/paraoxonase-1-and-myeloperoxidase-correlate-with-vascular-biomarkers-in-overweight-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-untreated-hyperlipidaemia
#16
Anita Szentpéteri, Noémi Zsíros, Viktória E Varga, Hajnalka Lőrincz, Mónika Katkó, Ildikó Seres, Péter Fülöp, György Paragh, Mariann Harangi
BACKGROUND: In hyperlipidaemic state, increased levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and decreased paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity have been reported; however, their relationships with other atherosclerotic biomarkers have not been completely clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of lipid and inflammatory parameters, MPO levels, and PON1 activities were investigated in 167 untreated hyperlipidaemic patients with and without vascular complications and in 32 healthy controls...
June 12, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583714/il-21-anti-tim1-cd40-ligand-promotes-b10-activity-in-vitro-and-alleviates-bone-loss-in-experimental-periodontitis-in-vivo
#17
Yang Hu, Pei Yu, Xinbo Yu, Xingxue Hu, Toshihisa Kawai, Xiaozhe Han
IL-10-expressing regulatory B cells (B10) play an essential role in immune system balance by suppressing excessive inflammatory responses. In this study, we investigated induction of B 10 cell's IL-10 competency in vitro and its effect on ligature-induced experimental periodontitis in vivo. Spleen B cells were isolated from C57BL/6J mice and cultured for 48h under the following conditions: control, CD40L, IL-21, anti-Tim1, CD40L+IL-21, CD40L+anti-Tim1, CD40L+IL-21+anti-Tim1. Silk ligatures were tied around both maxillary second molars of C57BL/6J mice for two weeks...
June 3, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583568/comparison-of-flow-cytometric-antibody-secreting-cell-assay-and-mabtech-immunoglobulin-elispot-assay
#18
N Lee, J W In, H Kim, E Y Roh, S Shin, K U Park, J Yang, E Y Song
BACKGROUND: The increase of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) after transplantation could be a more important marker than the level of DSA in pre-transplantation sera. The assessment of sensitized cells that can secrete DSA is needed. We developed an assay for antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) measured with the use of flow cytometry and compared it with the Mabtech immunoglobulin (IgG) ELISpot assay. METHODS: Thirteen patients who were awaiting or received organ transplantation and 15 healthy control subjects were included...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570959/non-survivor-septic-patients-have-persistently-higher-serum-scd40l-levels-than-survivors
#19
Leonardo Lorente, María M Martín, Antonia Pérez-Cejas, José Ferreres, Jordi Solé-Violán, Lorenzo Labarta, César Díaz, Alejandro Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) is a protein with proinflammatory and prothrombotic effects. Previously we found higher circulating sCD40L levels in non-survivor than in survivor patients at sepsis diagnosis. Now some questions arise such as how are serum sCD40L levels during the first week of severe sepsis?, is there an association between serum sCD40L levels during the first week and mortality?, and serum sCD40L levels during the first week could be used as sepsis mortality biomarker?...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566713/a-ppar%C3%AE-dependent-mir-424-503-cd40-axis-regulates-inflammation-mediated-angiogenesis
#20
Aram Lee, Irinna Papangeli, Youngsook Park, Ha-Neul Jeong, Jihea Choi, Hyesoo Kang, Ha-Neul Jo, Jongmin Kim, Hyung J Chun
Activation of the endothelium by pro-inflammatory stimuli plays a key role in the pathogenesis of a multitude of vascular diseases. Angiogenesis is a crucial component of the vascular response associated with inflammatory signaling. The CD40/CD40 ligand dyad in endothelial cells (EC) has a central role in promoting vascular inflammatory response; however, the molecular mechanism underlying this component of inflammation and angiogenesis is not fully understood. Here we report a novel microRNA mediated suppression of endothelial CD40 expression...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
81650
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"