Read by QxMD icon Read


Junwon Lee, Seung Woo Kim, Hyesun Kim, Christopher Seungkyu Lee, Min Kim, Sung Chul Lee
PURPOSE: To analyze vitreoretinal findings, immunoglobulin clonality tests, and interleukin (IL) levels for diagnosing vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL). METHODS: Forty-three patients who underwent diagnostic vitrectomy for suspected VRL were retrospectively reviewed. Of those patients finally diagnosed with VRL and nonlymphoma, ophthalmic evaluation and cytology results, IL-6 and IL-10 levels, and immunoglobulin heavy chain and immunoglobulin kappa light chain clonality assays were compared...
February 22, 2018: Retina
Lei Wan, Jun Cheng, Jing Zhang, Nan Chen, Yan Gao, Li-Xin Xie
PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors, treatment strategies, and outcomes of endophthalmitis associated with severe fungal keratitis. METHODS: Data from 392 patients diagnosed with fungal keratitis were retrospectively examined. Patients had severe disease that was refractory to topical or systemic antifungal therapy, and the infection involved the endothelium or perforated the cornea. The incidence and risk factors for endophthalmitis, and treatment outcomes were evaluated...
February 22, 2018: Retina
Giancarlo Sborgia, Nicola Recchimurzo, Luigi Sborgia, Alfredo Niro, Alessandra Sborgia, Marina Piepoli, Giovanni Alessio
PURPOSE: To analyze morphologic and functional changes after inverted internal limiting membrane-flap technique for optic disk pit maculopathy using optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinography, and microperimetry. METHODS: One case report. RESULTS: A 30-year-old woman presented us with decreased visual acuity (20/63) in the left eye because of retinoschisis and serous macular detachment associated with optic disk pit. Optical coherence tomography did not localize the source of intraretinal and subretinal fluid...
February 22, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Jie Wang, Ergang Du, Jinfei Tang
BACKGROUND: The management of eyes with nanophthalmos is a dilemma for ophthalmologists due to various complications, especial the eye with malignant glaucoma. We report a case of effective treatment for malignant glaucoma in nanophthalmos. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old man was performed phacoemulsification in the right eye with normal ocular pressure and nanophthalmos. The surgery was uneventful: an intraocular lens (IOL) was placed and centered in the capsular bag...
February 23, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Luís Augusto Arana, Ana Tereza Ramos Moreira, Alexandre Achile Grandinetti, Hamilton Moreira, Carlos Augusto Moreria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Retina
Kimberly D Tran, Nicolas A Yannuzzi, Nancy Si, Nimesh A Patel, Darlene Miller, Guillermo Amescua, Audina M Berrocal, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: To report the clinical features organisms and treatment outcomes in patients with endophthalmitis after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Methods: Retrospective noncomparative case series. Results: Eleven eyes of 11 patients with culture positive endophthalmitis after PK were included. The time to diagnosis of endophthalmitis from last PK was less than 1 week in 3/11 (27%), between 1 and 4 weeks in 3/11 (27%), and greater than one month in 5/11 (46%) (range 2-924 days)...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Nimesh A Patel, Diana Laura, Kimberly D Tran, Stanley Chang, Gaetano Barile, Audina M Berrocal
Purpose: To describe the first published case of X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) detachment with retinal vasoproliferative tumor (RVPT) and provide a literature review of the subject. Observations: The authors describe a case of a 17 year old male with X-linked retinoschisis who presented with a retinal detachment and a retinal vasoproliferative tumor. The patient was treated with pars plana vitrectomy, endolaser, subtenon's kenalog and anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) intravitreal injections...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Abdallah A Ellabban, Ajay D Patil, Mark T Costen, Atiq R Babar
Purpose: To describe a patient with acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) during vitrectomy surgery and the possible role of vitrectomy in acute CRAO management. Observations: An 84-year-old man presented with broad vitreomacular traction and epiretinal membrane in the right eye. Preoperative assessment clearly showed normal retinal vasculature. On starting vitrectomy, complete CRAO with marked segmentation of all retinal vessels was noted. Vitrectomy was performed in the usual manner and once the posterior hyaloid detached from the disc, immediate complete revascularization of the retinal vessels was noted...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Akira Hirata, Ken Hayashi, Kazuhisa Murata, Kei-Ichiro Nakamura
Purpose: The formation of macular hole after receiving anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy is rare. We report a case of macular hole that occurred after intravitreal injection of an anti-VEGF agent for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a patient, who underwent vitrectomy combined with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) removal. Observations: A 64-year-old female with AMD affecting her right eye received an intravitreal injection of an anti-VEGF agent...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Roi Anteby, Aya Barzelay, Adiel Barak
Purpose: To evaluate visual and surgical outcomes in very elderly patients (above 85 years of age) undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Patients and methods: A single-center, retrospective study was carried out on the medical records of 82 patients aged 85 years and older who had undergone PPV from 2006 to 2013. Patients ranged in age from 86 to 99 years, with a mean age of 88.9 years (±2.88). Visual results and intraoperative and postoperative complications were the main outcome measures...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Gennady Landa, Joseph Benevento, Richard Rosen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the anatomic and visual outcomes in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair involving combined pars plana vitrectomy (PPV)/scleral buckle (SB) using a sutureless belt loops technique versus a conventional sutured buckle technique. METHODS: This is a retrospective, consecutive, interventional, comparative case series study using patients treated for primary retinal detachment who underwent the SB procedure in combination with PPV. Details regarding anatomic and visual outcome were analyzed...
February 21, 2018: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Keita Suzuki, Yoshiaki Shimada, Yui Seno, Tadashi Mizuguchi, Atsuhiro Tanikawa, Masayuki Horiguchi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adherence to the face-down positioning (FDP) in 296 patients who had undergone vitrectomy and gas tamponade. RESULTS: We studied 119 female and 177 male patients who had undergone primary vitrectomy and gas tamponade for a macular hole (MH) or for rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs). Adherence was assessed and recorded four times per day for 3 days postsurgery. The mean ± standard deviation adherence rate was 88.3 ± 11.7 (range 50...
February 20, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Wenzhen Zuo, Mark R Lesk
PURPOSE: To describe the surgical technique and outcomes in eyes that underwent surgery to replace a failed Ahmed valve by a Baerveldt glaucoma implant in the same quadrant. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series of 9 patients. Parameters analyzed include age, glaucoma type, prior surgery, complications, intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, and number of glaucoma medications before and after the surgery. Surgical success was defined as having either an IOP below 21▒mm Hg or a 20% IOP reduction, with or without hypotensive agent...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Christoph Leisser, Nino Hirnschall, Christoph Hackl, Birgit Döller, Ralph Varsits, Marlies Ullrich, Katharina Kefer, Rigal Karl, Oliver Findl
PURPOSE: Epiretinal membranes (ERM) are macular disorders leading to loss of vision and metamorphopsia. Vitrectomy with membrane peeling displays the gold standard of care. Aim of this study was to assess risk factors for postoperative intraretinal cystoid changes in a study population randomized for balanced salt solution and air-tamponade at the end of surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized study, including 69 eyes with idiopathic ERM. Standard 23-gauge three-port pars plana vitrectomy with membrane peeling, using intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT), was performed...
February 20, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Mihori Kita, Yukiko Fujii, Sachiyo Hama
PURPOSE: To report 4 cases undergoing 25-gauge endoscopic vitrectomy for the treatment of proliferative vitreoretinopathy with severe corneal opacity in which a transpupillary view of the fundus was not possible. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective interventional case series. METHODS: The main outcomes measured were postoperative anatomic status of the retina and subjective improvement of vision. RESULTS: Postoperative reattachment of the retina and subjective improvement of vision were achieved in all 4 eyes...
February 19, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Parag K Shah, Vishma Prabhu, Venkatapathy Narendran
AIM: To report our initial experience with lens-sparing vitrectomy for stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity using the 27-gauge (G) system. METHODS: This retrospective case series involved nine eyes of five babies with active stage 4 ROP, who underwent 27-G lens-sparing vitrectomy. Surgery was done using 27-G valved cannulas and sclerotomies were made 1.5 mm from the limbus. Bilateral sequential vitrectomy was done in eight eyes. RESULTS: At one-year follow-up, anatomical outcome was favourable in all nine (100%) eyes...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
D Wilkin Parke, Flora Lum
PURPOSE: To investigate the rate of return to the operating room after vitrectomy surgery to treat macular hole or epiretinal membrane. DESIGN: A retrospective registry cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals receiving care in ophthalmology practices participating in the Academy IRIS (Intelligent Research in Sight) Registry. METHODS: Data from the IRIS Registry were analyzed for patients who underwent vitrectomy for macular holes or epiretinal membranes...
February 14, 2018: Ophthalmology
Hong He, Xiaolian Chen, Hongshan Liu, Jiaochan Wu, Xingwu Zhong
BACKGROUND: Postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is a severe eye infection that can lead to irreversible blindness in the affected eye. The characteristics, treatment and prognosis of this disease vary because of its association with different pathogens. Here, we report what is possibly the first case of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery to be associated with the rare pathogen Earliella scabrosa. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old man from Hainan Island (China) with a history of phacoemulsification and type II diabetes mellitus underwent intraocular lens (IOL) implantation...
February 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Ben Clarke, Tom Williamson, Giampaolo Gini, Bhaskar Gupta
Management of postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis was explored in the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study37 (EVS) in 1995, which has underpinned the core protocols in treatment ever since. While surgical techniques have continued to evolve, little has changed in the overall clinical management as no further large randomized controlled trials have taken place. We review the literature addressing the incidence of endophthalmitis, pathogens, antibiotic therapies, and the role of vitrectomy. We suggest an update to management protocols based on available evidence...
February 14, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
Kenji Yamashiro, Eri Kinoshita-Nakano, Toru Ota, Yoko Jingami, Isao Nakata, Hisako Hayashi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical results of macular hole (MH) in patients with high myopia treated with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) leaving the internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap floating in vitreous fluid at the edge of the MH. METHODS: Nine highly myopic eyes with MH of nine consecutive patients who underwent PPV were retrospectively evaluated. Three eyes were accompanied by retinal detachment (RD). ILM peeling was performed around the MH and some part of the ILM flap was left attached to the edge of the MH...
February 16, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"