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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219957/anterior-chamber-lens-implantation-in-vitrectomised-eyes
#1
G S Negretti, M Lai, P Petrou, R Walker, D Charteris
PurposeTo investigate long-term visual acuity (VA) outcomes and complication rates in vitrectomised eyes undergoing anterior chamber intraocular lens (ACIOL) insertion.Patients and methodsA single-centre, retrospective case series including all patients who had undergone ACIOL placement at the time of vitrectomy surgery or having had previous vitrectomy, between January 2007 and January 2013. Patients were identified using an electronic database and paper casefile notes were analysed for all patients. Patients were excluded if they had <3 months follow-up...
December 8, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219956/surgical-outcomes-of-preoperative-steroid-for-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-with-associated-choroidal-detachment
#2
A Denwattana, S Prakhunhungsit, S Thoongsuwan, N Rodanant, N Phasukkijwatana
PurposeTo investigate the effect of preoperative steroid on anatomical and functional outcomes of vitrectomy in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with associated choroidal detachment (RRD-CD), a rare but particular type of RRD.Patients and methodsThis retrospective cohort study included RRD-CD patients at Siriraj Hospital during January 2005 to December 2014. Patients with preexisting uveitis or RRD with giant retinal tears were excluded. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were reviewed and analyzed...
December 8, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217945/a-3-year-review-of-the-outcome-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-dropped-lens-fragments-after-cataract-surgery-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#3
Lateefat Olokoba, Tajul Islam, Nazmun Nahar, Abdulraheem Mahmoud, Abdulfatai Olokoba
Background: Dropped lens fragments into the vitreous are uncommon, but potentially sight threatening complications of cataract surgery. The recommended approach for removal of dropped lens matter is pars plana vitrectomy with or without ultrasonic emulsification with the fragmatome. This study aimed to determine the visual outcome following pars plana vitrectomy for dropped lens fragments complicating cataract surgery at 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months. Methods: This study is a retrospective review of patients who had PPV as treatment for dropped lens fragments complicating cataract surgery at Ispahani Islamia Eye hospital and Institute...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217351/endophthalmitis-then-and-now
#4
Nidhi Relhan, Richard K Forster, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To report historically evolving strategies (then and now) in prevention and management of endophthalmitis. DESIGN: A perspective on relevant topics in the prophylaxis and management of endophthalmitis. METHODOLOGY: This is an author selected review of studies leading to changes in strategies for endophthalmitis management over the last 100 years. RESULTS: The current perspective discusses the trends and strategies over the past century...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215958/postoperative-complications-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-diabetic-retinal-disease
#5
Gary L Yau, Paolo S Silva, Paul G Arrigg, Jennifer K Sun
Despite recent advances in the medical management of diabetic retinal disease, there remain established indications for vitreoretinal surgery in the treatment of severe proliferative diabetic retinopathy. These include non-clearing vitreous hemorrhage and tractional retinal detachment. Advances in surgical instrumentation, technique, and experience have led to improved visual outcomes, as well as a corresponding decrease in the incidence of postoperative complications. However, the presence of systemic and ocular factors in diabetic patients increases the risk of adverse events compared to non-diabetic individuals...
December 7, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214076/posterior-segment-ocular-trauma-timing-and-indications-for-vitrectomy
#6
EDITORIAL
Robert Rejdak, Anselm G Juenemann, Sundaram Natarajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214075/air-bubble-technique-for-fundus-visualization-during-vitrectomy-in-aphakia
#7
Mahmoud Mohamed Farouk, Takeshi Naito, Mohammed Elagouz, Hatem Ammar, Alahmady Hamad Alsmman, Engy Mohamed Mostafa
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of air bubble technique for vitrectomy in aphakia. Study Design: Prospective interventional uncontrolled case series. Methods: This study included 53 eyes of 53 patients who are phakic and indicated for phacovitrectomy (7 eyes, group 1), aphakic and indicated for vitrectomy (22 eyes, group 2), or underwent unplanned vitrectomy for immediate management of a phacoemulsification surgery complicated by rupture posterior capsule with dropped nucleus, fragments, or IOL (24 eyes, group 3)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214057/primary-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-with-inferior-retinal-breaks-postoperative-prone-positioning-results-1%C3%A2-day-versus-7%C3%A2-days
#8
Radwan Ajlan, Jordan Isenberg, Ghassan Cordahi, Renaud Duval, Sébastien Olivier, Flavio Rezende
Background: To compare the primary anatomical outcome of pars plana vitrectomy, 360° peripheral endolaser, and 15% octafluoropropane C3F8 gas tamponade in patients with uncomplicated rhegmatogenous detachment and inferior retinal breaks, after 24-h postoperative prone positioning to similar patients with 1 week postoperative prone positioning. Methods: Records of 5500 patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy between 2008 and 2015 were retrieved. Collected data included age, gender, number of retinal quadrants with retinal breaks, number of retinal breaks, macula status on presentation (attached or detached), phakic status (phakic, pseudophakic, or aphakic), and primary anatomical outcome (at 1 and 3 months post-operative)...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210965/a-case-of-retinal-metastasis-of-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-histopathologic-confirmation-by-vitrectomy-assisted-en-block-extraction
#9
Akira Tetsumoto, Hisanori Imai, Akiko Miki, Makoto Nakamura
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To present a case report of retinal metastasis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma that was diagnosed by a histopathologic finding from the surgically extracted tumor tissue. METHODS: A 66-year-old man, who was suffered from the treatment-resistant laryngeal carcinoma, was referred to our department because of visual field defect in his right eye. A fundus examination revealed a parafoveal white retinal lesion, which rapidly expanded to the central fovea and decreased the visual acuity...
November 23, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210961/therapeutic-vitrectomy-as-an-adjunct-treatment-to-systemic-chemotherapy-for-intraocular-lymphoma
#10
Gregory J Bever, Dan J Kim, Armin R Afshar, James L Rubenstein, Bertil E Damato
PURPOSE: To report the outcome of a previously vitrectomized eye having less lymphoma disease burden compared with the contralateral nonvitrectomized eye over the course of 3.5 years while on systemic chemotherapy. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 51-year-old man with vitreoretinal lymphoma with central nervous system involvement underwent vitrectomy in his left eye. Over the following 3.5 years on systemic chemotherapy, the left eye had less lymphoma disease burden compared with the contralateral nonvitrectomized right eye...
November 23, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210960/dislodgement-of-fluocinolone-acetonide-intravitreal-implant-into-the-infusion-cannula-during-vitrectomy-for-retinal-detachment
#11
Walter Andreatta, Ibrahim Elaraoud, Arijit Mitra
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To report a case of dislodgement of an Iluvien (fluocinolone acetonide) intravitreal implant into the infusion cannula during pars plana vitrectomy for retinal detachment. METHODS: The patient's surgery was video recorded, and the medical notes were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: A patient developed a macula off retinal detachment over 1 year after intravitreal injection of Iluvien for diabetic maculopathy. The patient underwent pars plana vitrectomy, removal of implant, and successful retinal reattachment...
November 23, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210941/combined-autologous-transplantation-of-neurosensory-retina-retinal-pigment-epithelium-and-choroid-free-grafts
#12
Barbara Parolini, Dilraj S Grewal, Sajish J Pinackatt, Andrea Baldi, Attilio Di Salvatore, Gianluca Besozzi, Alessandro Finzi, Daniele Cardillo, Tamer H Mahmoud
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and initial functional and anatomical outcomes of transplanting a full-thickness free graft of choroid and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), along with neurosensory retina in advanced fibrosis and atrophy associated with end-stage exudative age-related macular degeneration with and without a concurrent refractory macular hole. METHODS: During vitrectomy, an RPE-choroidal and neurosensory retinal free graft was harvested in nine eyes of nine patients...
November 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210940/internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-in-macular-hole-surgery-why-when-and-how
#13
Irini P Chatziralli, Panagiotis G Theodossiadis, David H W Steel
PURPOSE: To review the current rationale for internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in macular hole (MH) surgery and to discuss the evidence base behind why, when, and how surgeons peel the ILM. METHODS: Review of the current literature. RESULTS: Pars plana vitrectomy is an effective treatment for idiopathic MH, and peeling of the ILM has been shown to improve closure rates and to prevent postoperative reopening. However, some authors argue against ILM peeling because it results in a number of changes in retinal structure and function and may not be necessary in all cases...
November 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210010/management-of-diabetic-macular-edema-in-japan-a-review-and-expert-opinion
#14
REVIEW
Hiroko Terasaki, Yuichiro Ogura, Shigehiko Kitano, Taiji Sakamoto, Toshinori Murata, Akito Hirakata, Tatsuro Ishibashi
Diabetic retinopathy is a frequent cause of visual impairment in working-age adults (≥ 30 years) and in Japan is most commonly observed in those aged 50-69 years. Diabetic macular edema (DME) is one of the main causes of vision disturbance in diabetic retinopathy, which is a clinically significant microvascular complication of diabetes. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is becoming the mainstay of treatment for DME. However, to achieve sustained long-term improvement in visual acuity, conventional laser photocoagulation, vitrectomy and steroid therapy are also expected to play a role in the treatment of DME...
December 5, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208836/clinical-outcomes-in-traumatic-pseudophacocele-a-rare-clinical-entity
#15
Priya Narang, Amar Agarwal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes in patients with traumatic pseudophacocele. METHODS: In this retrospective, interventional case series, scleral wound repair with pars plana vitrectomy and glued intrascleral fixation of an intraocular lens (glued IOL) was performed in 5 eyes of 5 patients. Pupilloplasty was performed in 3 cases whereas aniridia glued IOL fixation was done in 1 case that had total avulsion and loss of iris tissue...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208826/limited-vitrectomy-in-phacomorphic-glaucoma
#16
Ritika Sachdev, Avnindra Gupta, Ritesh Narula, Rashmi Deshmukh
One of the challenging situations for a cataract surgeon is phacoemulsification in the shallow anterior chamber like cases of phacomorphic glaucoma. Some of the main concerns of operating in a narrow space include endothelial decompensation, descemet's detachment, and posterior capsular rents. High vitreous pressure predisposes to posterior capsular rents owing to a reduced concavity of the posterior capsule and increasing the proximity of phaco-tip to the posterior capsule. We describe a technique of limited vitrectomy in such cases...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208825/spatula-scaffold-an-iris-sparing-technique-for-lensectomy
#17
Priya Narang, Amar Agarwal
Lensectomy with vitrectomy is often performed for crystalline lenticular subluxation. We report a new technique and a practical approach that involves the placement of a spatula beneath the iris tissue that facilitates retroiridial removal of subluxated lens and acts as a scaffold by protecting the iris tissue from being accidentally trapped into the vitrectomy cutter port. Our technique facilitates management of the lens and vitreous without any trauma to the iris and secondarily obviates the need to perform an iris repair procedure that may arise due to iatrogenic reasons...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208822/b-hex-pupil-expander-pupil-expansion-redefined
#18
Suven Bhattacharjee
The B-HEX® Pupil Expander (Med Invent Devices) is a disposable 6.5 mm flexible hexagonal device with notches at corners and flanges at sides. Alternate flanges with positioning holes are tucked under the iris to engage the notches to the margin of the pupil to provide a 5.5 mm expanded pupil. Unlike devices with scrolls or pockets which require an injector to avoid snagging the incision, the preloaded B-HEX is inserted and removed through a 1 mm or larger incision using a manipulator or 23-gauge micro-forceps...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208820/prevention-and-management-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis-a-case-based-approach
#19
REVIEW
Lalit Verma, Arindam Chakravarti
Endophthalmitis following intraocular surgery is a disastrous complication and can lead to poor visual outcomes and loss of globe integrity. It should be differentiated from toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) where management differs drastically. This article presents basic knowledge about postoperative endophthalmitis and describes nine different real-world scenarios ranging from TASS to milder forms of endophthalmitis responding to intravitreal antibiotics alone and more complicated forms associated with corneal involvement, fungal endophthalmitis and cases requiring intraocular lens removal, radical vitrectomy with hyaloid peeling, base dissection, and silicone oil...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202717/ten-years-follow-up-after-surgery-for-a-foveal-detachment-due-to-optic-disc-pit-a-case-report-of-outer-retinal-layer-healing
#20
Audrey Giocanti-Aurégan, Elige A Chbat, Christophe G H Morel, Bruno R Morin, John G Conrath, François C Devin
BACKGROUND: To report a case of complete progressive visual recovery and healing of outer retinal layers after vitrectomy for foveal detachment associated with optic disc pit. CASE PRESENTATION: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) follow-up was performed on a 15-year-old boy with deep optic disc pit and foveal detachment, before and for 10 years after vitrectomy with gas. The foveal detachment was successfully reattached with complete reapplication of the retina...
December 4, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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