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Rauni Klami, Harri Mankonen, Antti Perheentupa
Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is the most severe form of male infertility, defined by lack of spermatozoa in the ejaculate caused by impaired spermatogenesis. The chance of biological fatherhood of these men has been improved since the introduction of microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MD-TESE) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection. A thorough patient evaluation preoperatively is essential to recognize any underlying conditions, and to assist in patient counseling on the sperm recovery rate and pregnancy results...
March 27, 2018: Reproductive Biology
Toshinobu Miyamoto, Gaku Minase, Takeshi Shin, Hiroto Ueda, Hiroshi Okada, Kazuo Sengoku
Background: Infertility affects about 15% of couples who wish to have children and half of these cases are associated with male factors. Genetic causes of azoospermia include chromosomal abnormalities, Y chromosome microdeletions, and specific mutations/deletions of several Y chromosome genes. Many researchers have analyzed genes in the AZF region on the Y chromosome; however, in 2003 the SYCP3 gene on chromosome 12 (12q23) was identified as causing azoospermia by meiotic arrest through a point mutation...
April 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Rauni Klami, Harri Mankonen, Antti Perheentupa
INTRODUCTION: Testicular microdissection sperm extraction (MD-TESE) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has made biological fatherhood possible for many men with the most severe form of male infertility, non-obstructive azoospermia. MD-TESE was introduced in Turku in 2008, and by 2015, 100 Finnish men with non-obstructive azoospermia have been operated on. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The average age of the men was 33 years at the time of surgery. Forty-eight had a needle biopsy previously and 56% had a testicular size <15 mL...
January 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
T Fukuda, H Miyake, N Enatsu, K Matsushita, M Fujisawa
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of seminal clusterin level on spermatogenesis in infertile men. This study included 89 men who visited our clinic due to infertility, consisting of 28, 33, and 28 diagnosed with normospermia, oligozoospermia and nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) respectively. The seminal clusterin concentrations measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were 47.9, 28.2 and 18.4 ng ml(-1) in men with normospermia, oligozoospermia and NOA, respectively, with significant differences among these three groups (P < 0...
December 2016: Andrologia
Tahereh Modarresi, Hani Hosseinifar, Ali Daliri Hampa, Mohammad Chehrazi, Jalil Hosseini, Faramarz Farrahi, Farid Dadkhah, Marjan Sabbaghian, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani
BACKGROUND: To evaluate predictive factors of successful microdissection-testicular sperm extraction (MD-TESE) in patients with presumed Sertoli cell-only syndrome (SCOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 874 men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), among whom 148 individuals with diagnosis of SCOS in prior biopsy, underwent MD-TESE at Department of Andrology, Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran. The predictive values of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) levels, testicular volume, as well as male age for retrieving testicular sperm by MD-TESE were analyzed by multiple logistic regression analysis...
April 2015: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Satoru Kanto, Junichi Sugawara, Hiroshi Masuda, Hironobu Sasano, Yoichi Arai, Koichi Kyono
OBJECTIVE: To compare the fertilization and pregnancy rates using fresh testicular sperm between nonobstructive azoospermic (NOA) patients and obstructive azoospermic (OA) patients. DESIGN: We evaluated sperm quality of testicular sperm retrieved by microdissection testicular sperm extraction (MD-TESE) in NOA patients and compared the fertilization rate and pregnancy rate via intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) between NOA and OA patients. SETTING: Private hospital-based infertility research laboratory...
November 2008: Fertility and Sterility
P Donoso, H Tournaye, P Devroey
Our objective was to establish which is the best sperm retrieval technique in non-obstructive azoospermia based on the available evidence. To date, no randomized controlled trial has compared the efficiency of these strategies and thus current recommendations are based on cumulative evidence provided by descriptive, observational and controlled studies. Three outcome measures were assessed for the sperm retrieval techniques: sperm retrieval rate (SRR), complications and live birth rate. Twenty-four descriptive studies reporting on the results of testicular sperm extraction (TESE) were encountered...
November 2007: Human Reproduction Update
H Hibi, T Ohori, Y Yamada, N Honda, Y Hashiba, Y Asada
146 MD-TESE procedures were performed in 74 patients presenting with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). Five of the 74 patients displayed a history of chemotherapy. Etiology of chemotherapies included testicular cancer, osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and malignant lymphoma of the stomach. Post-chemotherapy duration was 2.5-18 years. All patients underwent MD-TESE using local anesthesia with spermatic block and sedation. Extracted sperm was cryopreserved for ICSI. Histopathologic examination revealed Sertoli cell-only syndrome in all five patients; however, sperm were retrieved in 3 subjects...
March 2007: Archives of Andrology
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