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Xander M R van Wijk, Alan H B Wu, Kara L Lynch, Kathy T Vo, Raymond Y Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Damien Rhumorbarbe, Ludovic Staehli, Julian Broséus, Quentin Rossy, Pierre Esseiva
Darknet markets, also known as cryptomarkets, are websites located on the Darknet and designed to allow the trafficking of illicit products, mainly drugs. This study aims at presenting the added value of combining digital, chemical and physical information to reconstruct sellers' activities. In particular, this research focuses on Evolution, one of the most popular cryptomarkets active from January 2014 to March 2015. Evolution source code files were analysed using Python scripts based on regular expressions to extract information about listings (i...
October 2016: Forensic Science International
Marco Masoni, Maria Renza Guelfi, Gian Franco Gensini
Illegal activities prosecutable by law in the real life can be committed on the internet alike. In the healthcare domain, we refer mainly to selling of illegal and counterfeit drugs, exchange of pedo-pornographic material and marketing of stolen medical records. These illegal activities are made easier by recent developments of the Internet that medical community must be aware of: darknet and bitcoin. The first allows anonymous surfing and the last anonymous financial transactions.After discussing which healthcare areas are affected by these technological developments of the Internet and the deriving consequences, then the Authors express their opinion on what actions can be taken to protect internet community...
July 22, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
J Broséus, D Rhumorbarbe, C Mireault, V Ouellette, F Crispino, D Décary-Hétu
Cryptomarkets are online marketplaces that are part of the Dark Web and mainly devoted to the sale of illicit drugs. They combine tools to ensure anonymity of participants with the delivery of products by mail to enable the development of illicit drug trafficking. Using data collected on eight cryptomarkets, this study provides an overview of the Canadian illicit drug market. It seeks to inform about the most prevalent illicit drugs vendors offer for sale and preferred destination countries. Moreover, the research gives an insight into the structure and organisation of distribution networks existing online...
July 2016: Forensic Science International
Meropi Tzanetakis, Gerrit Kamphausen, Bernd Werse, Roger von Laufenberg
BACKGROUND: In recent years, marketplaces in the darknet emerged where vendors and customers can exchange illicit drugs and other goods on digital platforms by using hidden internet services. The main thesis of this paper is that in an online environment, different practices for building trust and reputation emerge that stabilise market processes. METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative data from a recent German project on conventional (offline) small-scale drug dealing as well as qualitative case studies on four online vendors operating on Agora market are used to explore alternative practices for building trust and reputation...
September 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Angus Bancroft, Peter Scott Reid
BACKGROUND: Users of darknet markets refer to product quality as one of the motivations for buying drugs there, and vendors present quality as a selling point. However, what users understand by quality and how they evaluate it is not clear. This article investigates how users established and compared drug quality. METHODS: We used a two-stage method for investigating users' assessments. The user forum of a darknet market that we called 'Merkat' was analysed to develop emergent themes...
September 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
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