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Jessica L Partlow, Meghann Lustgarten, W Rich Redding
To the authors' knowledge, the ultrasonographic appearance of hair shafts within a synovial structure of the horse has not been described previously. The purpose of this descriptive study was to illustrate the clinical, ultrasonographic, and arthroscopic characteristics of confirmed hair shafts within synovial structures of seven horses. A review of medical records of the Farm and Equine Veterinary Medical Center at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine identified seven horses with clinical signs suspicious for inflammatory or septic synovitis/tenosynovitis that had hair shafts identified within those structures ultrasonographically...
October 20, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Li Zhong, Li Gao, Yongzhen Liu, Kai Li, Miao Wang, Xiaole Qi, Yulong Gao, Xiaomei Wang
Avian reovirus (ARV) infections characterised by severe arthritis, tenosynovitis, pericarditis, and depressed growth have become increasingly frequent in recent years. In this study, we isolated and identified 11 ARV field strains from chickens with viral arthritis and reduced growth in northern China. Comparative analysis of the σC nucleotide and amino acid sequences demonstrated that all isolates, except LN05 and JS01, were closely related to ARV S1133 and clustered in the first genetic lineage. LN05 and JS01 strains were clustered in the third lineage with the ARV 138 strain...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sharon L Kolasinski, Andrew S Chi, Angel J Lopez-Garib
Systemic rheumatic diseases frequently pose diagnostic challenges to the clinician. The precise nature of the disorder can be obscure and different disorders can present with similar symptoms, such as joint pain. Plain radiographs provide an appropriate starting point for detection of joint abnormalities. Musculoskeletal ultrasound and MRI offer greater sensitivity in detecting synovitis, tenosynovitis and bony erosions, among other features. However, due to the rarity of these diseases and lack of prospective longitudinal trials, a broader picture of the epidemiology of these findings and their implications for treatment and outcomes remains to be determined...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
J-D Werthel, M Cortez, B T Elhassan
: Stenosing tenosynovitis or trigger finger is one of the most common disorders that affect the flexor tendon apparatus of the hand. Percutaneous release has been previously reported to be easier, quicker, less invasive and less costly than open surgery. The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of an alternative percutaneous trigger finger release technique. From March 2008 to January 2014, 92 patients (128 fingers) who underwent the alternative percutaneous trigger finger release, with a minimum of 6 months follow-up were included...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Sreekanth Raveendran, Dukhabandhu Naik, Samuel C Raj Pallapati, John Jude Prakash, Binu Prathap Thomas, Nihal Thomas
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic Infections of the hand in diabetes are largely a tropical entity and published material in the area are rather meagre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study on the pattern of hand infections and involves the microbiological profile of 39 cases of diabetes hand-related infections admitted to the hospital between the years 2004 and 2010. RESULTS: This study included 39 patients, among whom 23 (59%) had necrotizing fasciitis (NF), and 16 (9-abscess and 7-tenosynovitis) had nonnecrotizing infection...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Benjamin Plotkin, Srihari C Sampath, Srinath C Sampath, Kambiz Motamedi
The tendons of the wrist are commonly symptomatic. They can be injured, infected, or inflamed. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography are useful tools for evaluating the wrist. Pathologic conditions of the wrist tendons include de Quervain tenosynovitis, extensor carpi ulnaris tendinopathy, rheumatoid tenosynovitis, infectious synovitis, tendon tears, hydroxyapatite deposition disease, intersection syndrome, tenosynovial giant cell tumor, and fibroma of the tendon sheath. In this article, we review the normal appearance of the wrist tendons, discuss relevant anatomy, and give an overview of common pathologic conditions affecting the wrist tendons...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Pascal Molteni, Thomas Hügle, Maria Hügle, Corina Nüesch, Annegret Mündermann
Walking with crutches is an effective way of reducing the load on the lower extremity and is often indicated after injury or surgery. However, walking with forearm crutches with conventional cuffs can trigger symptoms including tenosynovitis in the biceps tendon, ulnar neuropraxia at the wrist, pain or skin hematoma. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a crutch cuff design with an ulnar recess reduces ulnar pressure during walking with forearm crutches. The pressure distribution between the forearm and crutch cuff was measured in 15 healthy participants for crutch walking with conventional and novel cuffs, respectively...
October 7, 2016: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Tun Hing Lui
Extensor tenosynovitis of the wrist can lead to rupture of the extensor tendons. Extensor tenosynovectomy is indicated if the tenosynovitis cannot be controlled by conservative measures. Open tenosynovectomy requires extensive dissection of soft tissue, including the extensor retinaculum. This article describes extensor tendoscopy of the wrist. This technique allows approach to the extensor compartments with small incisions and minimal soft tissue dissection. It is indicated when extensor tenosynovitis persists despite adequate medical treatments including medications, immobilization, and steroid injection...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Z-Hye Lee, J T Stranix, Lavinia Anzai, Sheel Sharma
PURPOSE: De Quervain syndrome or tenosynovitis is a common wrist pathology caused by stenosing tenosynovitis of the first dorsal compartment. Multiple studies have demonstrated significant anatomic variation within the first extensor compartment. METHODS: The terms "De Quervain's tenosynovitis" and "first extensor compartment anatomy" were comprehensively searched using the PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane database. The presence of a septum within the first dorsal compartment, the number of APL (abductor pollicis longus), and EPB (extensor pollicis brevis) tendon slips were identified...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Karine R Luz, Marcelo M Pinheiro, Giovanna S Petterle, Marla F Dos Santos, Artur R C Fernandes, Jamil Natour, Rita N V Furtado
OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel ultrasound scoring system for hand and wrist joints (US10) for evaluation of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to correlate the US10 with clinical, laboratory and functional variables. METHODS: Forty-eight early RA patients underwent clinical and laboratory evaluations as well as blinded ultrasound (US) examinations at baseline, three, six and 12 months. The proposed US10 system involved the assessment of the wrist, second and third metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Wouter P Nieuwenhuis, Lukas Mangnus, Hanna W van Steenbergen, Elize C Newsum, Tom W J Huizinga, Monique Reijnierse, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
OBJECTIVES: Although MRI is recommended for diagnostic use in detecting joint inflammation, its value in clinical practice has not been settled. Older symptom-free persons show more MRI-detected inflammation in their hands and feet. Within arthritis patients, a similar effect could be present (a general age effect). The association of age with MRI inflammation could also be enhanced by disease (disease-dependent age effect). Because both effects could have diagnostic consequences, we evaluated the association between age-at-onset and MRI-detected inflammation in early arthritis and RA...
September 29, 2016: Rheumatology
José-Luis Barnay, Andre Cabie, Sylvie Abel, Emilie Javelle, Odile Troisgros, Patrick René-Corail
Arboviruses cause very recurrent epidemics, the oldest Dengue, known especially outside the flu-like syndrome with high fever mainly impacting vulnerable populations, may be responsible for severe hemorrhagic fevers, but also a few cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In 2014, the French Antilles occurred an outbreak of Chikungunya, following that of the Reunion's outbreak. During this period have been described, the articular and musculo-squellettic lesions, responsible for loss of autonomy in populations already carriers of chronic inflammatory joint damage or mechanical, but also a heavy impact on the autonomy of elderly and frail people...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Amit J Nimunkar, Keum San Chun, Ngoc Phung, Kevin Wreksoatmodjo, Thomas Y Yen, Robert G Radwin
Gavage is a common technique for orally administering compounds to small laboratory animals using a syringe. It involves highly repetitive thumb extensor exertions for filling the syringe, a risk factor for DeQuervain's tenosynovitis. As an intervention, a series of bench tests were performed varying fluid viscosity, syringe size and needle size to determine the forces required for drawing fluid. Forces up to 28 N were observed for a viscosity of 0.29 Pa s. A guide is presented to minimize thumb forces for a particular combination of syringe (3 mL, 5 mL and 10 mL), fluid viscosity (0...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Leonie E Burgers, Wouter P Nieuwenhuis, Hanna W van Steenbergen, Elize C Newsum, Tom W J Huizinga, Monique Reijnierse, Saskia le Cessie, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
OBJECTIVES: MRI sensitively detects inflammation, but the clinical relevance of MRI-detected inflammation is undetermined in early arthritis. Therefore, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between MRI-detected inflammation of hands and feet and functional disability in early arthritis. METHODS: Five hundred and fourteen early arthritis patients, consecutively included in the Leiden Early Arthritis Clinic, were studied. At baseline a unilateral 1...
September 15, 2016: Rheumatology
Mihaela C Micu, Florian Berghea, Daniela Fodor
In the last years, important advancements have been made in implementing high resolution imaging related information inside the global management algorithm in RA patients. Musculoskeletal ultrasound has already proven its utility in visualizing directly the joint synovial tissue, the synovial vascularization and in monitoring the response to therapy. Recently, much attention has been given to the presence of tenosynovitis, as a constant, complementary but different facet of the inflammatory involvement in RA...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
Jason D Johnson, Michael P Gaspar, Eon K Shin
We present a case report of stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor pollicis longus tendon in an adolescent girl who required surgical release after failing conservative measures. The patient had no other risk factors, aside from her excessive texting, which we postulate led to her condition. Although there have been a few reports of tendinitis and tenosynovitis secondary to texting, we believe this is the first in the literature to report trigger thumb requiring surgical release in an adolescent.
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Raja Shekar Danda, Jagannath Kamath, Nikil Jayasheelan, Prashanth Kumar
Ultrasound guidance for steroid injection in de Quervain disease is useful in identifying the presence of subcompartments and effectively injecting the drug into tendon sheath. We prospectively studied 50 patients with features of de Quervain disease to determine the effectiveness of ultrasound in positioning of needle for steroid injection and effectiveness of single versus multiple injections in the presence of subcompartments. Scalp vein set was inserted into the tendon sheath under ultrasound guidance and sterile conditions...
April 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Mads Ammitzbøll-Danielsen, Mikkel Østergaard, Esperanza Naredo, Lene Terslev
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the metric properties of the semi-quantitative OMERACT US scoring system vs a novel quantitative US scoring system for tenosynovitis, by testing its intra- and inter-reader reliability, sensitivity to change and comparison with clinical tenosynovitis scoring in a 6-month follow-up study. METHODS: US and clinical assessments of the tendon sheaths of the clinically most affected hand and foot were performed at baseline, 3 and 6 months in 51 patients with RA...
September 10, 2016: Rheumatology
Serkan Bayram, Ali Erşen, Murat Altan, Hayati Durmaz
INTRODUCTION: One of the infectious causes of wrist tenosynovitis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tendon sheath involvement is rare. Herein, we report the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with neglected wrist flexor tendon sheath tuberculosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the diagnosis and treatment of a man aged 50 years with neglected wrist flexor tendon sheath tuberculosis. DISCUSSION: In patients with tendon sheath involvement, symptoms are generally non-specific such as pain and swelling; therefore, it can be diagnosed late due to the lack of systemic symptoms...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Giuseppe Restuccia, Alessandro Lippi, Francesco Casella, Gisberto Evangelisti, Carmine Citarelli, Maurizio Benifei
The peroneal tubercle is an osseous prominence present on the calcaneus bone at the junction between the middle and the anterior third of its lateral surface. It is a bony septum which divides the tendons of the peroneus brevis and the peroneus longus and offers insertion to the inferior peroneal retinaculum. A hypertrophy of this prominence causes pain in the lateral and the posterior part of the foot while wearing shoes, rarely peroneal tenosynovitis can even cause it to break. In the following pages, we will describe a case of peroneal tubercle hypertrophy, visible even at clinical examination, in a 26-year-old male patient without apparent causes nor previous trauma...
September 10, 2016: Surgical Technology International
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