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Sarel R van Amstel, David E Anderson, Ricardo Videla
CASE DESCRIPTION 3 Angus bulls, aged 2 to 3 years, with severe lameness of 2 to 4 weeks' duration and swelling proximal to the coronary band of the affected limb were evaluated after failing to respond to antimicrobial treatment. CLINICAL FINDINGS Septic arthritis of a distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) was diagnosed in all 3 bulls on the basis of results of a physical examination, radiographic and ultrasonographic evaluations of the affected foot, and cytologic evaluation of synovial fluid from the affected DIPJ...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Ilaria Tinazzi, Dennis McGonagle, Alen Zabotti, Donatella Chessa, Antonio Marchetta, Pierluigi Macchioni
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a detailed sonographic evaluation of the hand flexor tendon compartment could help differentiate between psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with PsA, 47 with RA and 10 healthy controls (HC) had flexor tendon (FT) compartment imaging of the dominant hand 2nd to 4th tendons using grey scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) with evaluation for tenosynovitis, peri-tendinous lesions, soft tissue oedema and bony changes at FT insertions...
February 28, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
S D Sprengel, B Klaan, L Kintzele
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory changes of the foot are comparatively rare and can be a challenge for radiologists with respect to the differential diagnosis, especially in cases with pre-existing degenerative changes of the foot skeleton. Comprehensive anamnesis and the use of contrast-enhanced MRI diagnostics are therefore often essential for diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: This review provides a cursory overview of the morphological characteristics of inflammatory changes of the foot and their differential diagnoses with a focus on osteomyelitis, joint infections, rheumatological diseases and tenosynovitis...
March 12, 2018: Der Radiologe
Ilaria Tinazzi, Dennis McGonagle, Sibel Zehra Aydin, Donatella Chessa, Antonio Marchetta, Pierluigi Macchioni
OBJECTIVES: Skin and joint involvement in psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are thought to relate to the so-called Koebner response. Given that dactylitis is non-randomly distributed in the digits, this study tested the hypothesis that the accessory pulleys linked to the flexor tendons were thickened in PsA and thus exhibited koebnerisation. METHODS: Ninety-six subjects (27 PsA, 27 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 23 PsO and 19 healthy controls (HCs)) were enrolled...
March 6, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Mads Ammitzbøll Danielsen
Rheumatod arthritis is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by inflammation in joints and tendon sheaths, which frequently leads to permanent and serious disability due to joint destruction, but also tendon and ligament ruptures. Clinical management of rheumatoid arthritis has traditionally been supported by biochemical and radiographic findings. However, imaging modalities like ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have improved the possibility for better management of rheumatoid arthritis patients, due to higher sensitivity and specificity for detecting ongoing inflammation, this thesis is focusing on tenosynovitis as recent studies have shown that inflammation in tendon sheaths, i...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Lukas Mangnus, Hanna W van Steenbergen, Wouter P Nieuwenhuis, Monique Reijnierse, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
Objectives: Moderate alcohol consumption is protective against rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development and associated with lower levels of systemic inflammation in RA and in the general population. We therefore hypothesised that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with less severe local inflammation in joints in RA, detected by MRI. Since asymptomatic persons can have low-grade MRI-detected inflammation, we also hypothesised that alcohol consumption is associated with the extent of MRI inflammation in asymptomatic volunteers...
2018: RMD Open
Linh Ngo, Eric Miller, Peter Valen, Elie Gertner
BACKGROUND: Novel immune checkpoint inhibitors have been often utilized for different types of malignancies as salvage therapy with varying success. One obstacle to immune checkpoint inhibitor use is the higher incidence of immune-mediated side effects that can prompt discontinuation of therapy. Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema has been described with immune checkpoint inhibitors only once previously. We report a case of a patient who developed remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema related to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy and stress that these symptoms can be managed without cessation of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ankur Goyal, Deep Narayan Srivastava, Tahir Ansari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Michael S Brown, Seema Meraj, Daniel Walz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
A Ashour, A Alfattni, A Hamdi
PURPOSE: Trigger finger, also referred to as stenotic flexor tenosynovitis, is a common condition affecting the digits, with a lifetime incidence of 2.6% among the healthy population and up to 16.5% in diabetic patients. Diabetes mellitus is associated with multiple musculoskeletal conditions including trigger finger. In this study, we aimed to compare the functional outcome of trigger finger release in diabetic and nondiabetic patients to evaluate whether the management of trigger finger in diabetic patients should be the same as that in nondiabetic patients, or whether diabetic patients would benefit from a more tailored management plan to optimize results...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Jun Inamo, Yuko Kaneko, Tsutomu Takeuchi
Reports about immune-related adverse events (IrAEs) induced by immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been increasing. Although the importance of understanding joint involvement and myalgia as an IrAE has grown, little is known about its characteristics. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of articular IrAEs. We reviewed 133 patients who were treated with ICIs in our institution and referred to our rheumatologic. Among them, 2 (1.5%) developed arthritis during the use of anti-PD-1 inhibitor, and there was one patient with joint pain after anti-PD-L1 inhibitor who was referred to our department from another institution...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Robert J Woods, Emmanuel J Reyes, Jason S Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Jeffrey Wake, Kevin Martin
Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD), formerly known as posterior tibial tendon (PTT) dysfunction, is one of the most common problems of the foot and ankle. It was first described as tendon failure but has since been revealed as ligamentous failure in addition. AAFD is a spectrum of deformities that ranges from tenosynovitis (stage I) to AAFD (stages II-IV). Regarding mild stage I and stage II disease, it was once standard to perform an open synovectomy completely removing the inflamed synovium; this procedure required a large 6-cm medial ankle incision...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Scott F M Duncan, Ryosuke Kakinoki, Ross Dunbar
Numerous surgical approaches have been described for treating patients suffering with stenosing tenosynovitis. The usual surgical descriptions differ mainly by the type of skin incision utilized. The goal of surgery is to completely release the A1 pulley, thereby allowing unimpeded motion of the flexor tendons. We describe a minimally invasive endoscopic technique to address this condition in the fingers.
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Takuma Wakasugi, Ritsuro Shirasaka, Toshiyuki Kawauchi, Koji Fujita, Atsushi Okawa
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures is reported to be free of hardware irritation and less invasive than other fixation methods. Some specific complications associated with intramedullary fixation, such as radial nerve sensory neuritis, have been reported, but no study has focused on the complication rates of intramedullary fixation for distal radius fractures in the elderly population. Furthermore, no studies have analyzed common complications, such as carpal tunnel syndrome and flexor tenosynovitis including trigger finger, among patients with distal radius fractures treated by intramedullary fixation based on a comprehensive complication checklist...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
E Jardin, M Delord, S Aubry, F Loisel, L Obert
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) is a functional emergency in hand surgery; however, its diagnosis can be difficult to make. It should always be considered when a patient presents with an inflamed finger. The goal of this study was to investigate the usefulness of ultrasound in the diagnosis of early PFT. Seventy-three patients with suspected pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis were candidates for the study. Since the diagnosis of PFT was obvious in 16 patients, they were excluded from the study and immediately underwent surgery...
January 26, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Edel Kelly, Richard Ellis, Wayne Hing
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. INTRODUCTION: There is little reported on the in vivo mechanics and behavior of extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) in relation to wrist position. Wrist position is known to significantly influence tendon excursion and therefore function of the digits. Ultrasound imaging (USI) can be used to assess in vivo tendon behavior and excursion. An improved knowledge of the excursion of the EPB tendon is important in understanding normal tendon mechanics and potentially pathological tendon disorders such as de Quervains tenosynovitis...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Agnes Z Dardas, Charles A Goldfarb, Martin I Boyer, Daniel A Osei, Christopher J Dy, Ryan P Calfee
PURPOSE: Although volar plating of the distal radius is performed frequently, the necessity of distal bicortical fixation in the metaphyseal and epiphyseal areas of the distal radius has not been proven. This study aimed primarily to quantify the ability of unicortical distal screws to maintain operative reduction of adult distal radius fractures and secondarily to determine if unicortical screw lengths could be predicted based on anatomical measurements. METHODS: This prospective trial enrolled 75 adult patients undergoing volar locking plate fixation of a unilateral distal radius fracture at a tertiary center...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Daan Renson, Koen Mermuys, Bert Vanmierlo, Francis Bonte, Petrus Van Hoonacker, Diederick Kerckhove, Bart Berghs, Jean F Goubau
Background  Surgical management of de Quervain's tenosynovitis is based on decompression of the first extensor compartment. A simple release of the first compartment can cause instability of the extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) and abductor pollicis longus (APL) tendons in zone seven of the extensors. The WHAT test (wrist hyperflexion and abduction of the thumb) is very effective in diagnosing this instability. Patients and Methods  In this retrospective monocentric study, we analyzed a case series of 10 patients all of whom underwent a reconstruction of the first extensor compartment using a retinacular graft because of symptomatic instability after decompression surgery...
February 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Bryan Bean, Shane Cook, Bryan J Loeffler, R Glenn Gaston
High-pressure water injection injuries of the hand are uncommon, and there is limited literature to guide their treatment. The ideal management of these injuries, whether nonoperative with close observation or early surgical debridement, remains unknown. The authors retrospectively identified a cohort of patients with high-pressure water injection injuries to the hand during a 16-year period. Data collected included demographics, location of injection, hand dominance, type of treatment, need for additional surgery, and complications...
January 25, 2018: Orthopedics
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