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Surface plasmons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637278/functional-and-structural-analysis-of-at-specific-minor-groove-binders-that-disrupt-dna-protein-interactions-and-cause-disintegration-of-the-trypanosoma-brucei-kinetoplast
#1
Cinthia R Millan, Francisco J Acosta-Reyes, Laura Lagartera, Godwin U Ebiloma, Leandro Lemgruber, J Jonathan Nué Martínez, Núria Saperas, Christophe Dardonville, Harry P de Koning, J Lourdes Campos
Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of sleeping sickness (Human African Trypanosomiasis, HAT), contains a kinetoplast with the mitochondrial DNA (kDNA), comprising of >70% AT base pairs. This has prompted studies of drugs interacting with AT-rich DNA, such as the N-phenylbenzamide bis(2-aminoimidazoline) derivatives 1 [4-((4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)-N-(4-((4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)benzamide dihydrochloride] and 2 [N-(3-chloro-4-((4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)phenyl)-4-((4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)amino)benzamide] as potential drugs for HAT...
June 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632272/interfacial-synthesis-of-a-three-dimensional-hierarchical-mos2-ns-ag-np-nanocomposite-as-a-sers-nanosensor-for-ultrasensitive-thiram-detection
#2
Xiu Liang, Yi-Shuo Wang, Ting-Ting You, Xiao-Juan Zhang, Nan Yang, Guang-Sheng Wang, Peng-Gang Yin
Interfacial self-assembly of ordered nanostructures at oil-water interfaces towards the fabrication of nanofilms has attracted the interest of plenty of scientists, since its discovery in 2004. Herein, further developments have been achieved, and we report a new strategy for the synthesis of a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical nanostructure, through an interfacial synthesis driven microemulsion process. Thus, the synthesis route has been simplified, with the rigorous experimental conditions of traditional compositing technology...
June 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632165/fano-effect-and-quantum-entanglement-in-hybrid-semiconductor-quantum-dot-metal-nanoparticle-system
#3
REVIEW
Yong He, Ka-Di Zhu
In this paper, we review the investigation for the light-matter interaction between surface plasmon field in metal nanoparticle (MNP) and the excitons in semiconductor quantum dots (SQDs) in hybrid SQD-MNP system under the full quantum description. The exciton-plasmon interaction gives rise to the modified decay rate and the exciton energy shift which are related to the exciton energy by using a quantum transformation method. We illustrate the responses of the hybrid SQD-MNP system to external field, and reveal Fano effect shown in the absorption spectrum...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632153/fabrication-and-characterization-of-plasmonic-nanopores-with-cavities-in-the-solid-support
#4
Bita Malekian, Kunli Xiong, Gustav Emilsson, Jenny Andersson, Cecilia Fager, Eva Olsson, Elin M Larsson-Langhammer, Andreas B Dahlin
Plasmonic nanostructures are widely used for various sensing applications by monitoring changes in refractive index through optical spectroscopy or as substrates for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. However, in most practical situations conventional surface plasmon resonance is preferred for biomolecular interaction analysis because of its high resolution in surface coverage and the simple single-material planar interface. Still, plasmonic nanostructures may find unique sensing applications, for instance when the nanoscale geometry itself is of interest...
June 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630331/distinguishing-attosecond-electron-electron-scattering-and-screening-in-transition-metals
#5
Cong Chen, Zhensheng Tao, Adra Carr, Piotr Matyba, Tibor Szilvási, Sebastian Emmerich, Martin Piecuch, Mark Keller, Dmitriy Zusin, Steffen Eich, Markus Rollinger, Wenjing You, Stefan Mathias, Uwe Thumm, Manos Mavrikakis, Martin Aeschlimann, Peter M Oppeneer, Henry Kapteyn, Margaret Murnane
Electron-electron interactions are the fastest processes in materials, occurring on femtosecond to attosecond timescales, depending on the electronic band structure of the material and the excitation energy. Such interactions can play a dominant role in light-induced processes such as nano-enhanced plasmonics and catalysis, light harvesting, or phase transitions. However, to date it has not been possible to experimentally distinguish fundamental electron interactions such as scattering and screening. Here, we use sequences of attosecond pulses to directly measure electron-electron interactions in different bands of different materials with both simple and complex Fermi surfaces...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629986/identification-of-influenza-polymerase-inhibitors-targeting-polymerase-pb2-cap-binding-domain-through-virtual-screening
#6
Ming Liu, Edwin Chun-Yeung Lo, Guoxin Wang, Hak-Fun Chow, Jacky Chi-Ki Ngo, David Chi-Cheong Wan, Leo Lit-Man Poon, Pang-Chui Shaw
Influenza A virus is the major cause of epidemics and pandemics worldwide. In this study, virtual screening was used to identify compounds interacting with influenza A polymerase PB2 cap-binding domain (CBD). With a database of 21,351 small molecules, 28 candidate compounds were obtained and four of them (225, 225D1, 426 and 426Br) were found to bind directly to PB2 CBD by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). The evaluation of compounds 426Br and 225 indicated that they could bind to PB2 CBD and inhibit influenza virus at low micromolar concentration...
June 16, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629218/two-dimensional-plasmonic-nanoparticle-as-a-nanoscale-sensor-to-probe-polymer-brush-formation
#7
Assad Ullah Khan, Clayton Scruggs, David Hicks, Guoliang Liu
Conventional analysis and characterization of polymer brush formation relies on laborious methods that use quartz crystal microbalance, atomic force microscope, microcantilever, or other tools that measure concentration change of solutions. Herein we develop a simple and easy method that utilizes intrinsically-flat two-dimensional (2D) plasmonic nanoparticles as sensors for unveiling the mechanism of polymer brush formation on surfaces. Via ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, the plasmonic nanoparticles can be used to determine the amount of polymers near the surface in situ...
June 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629186/design-and-performance-of-a-portable-and-multichannel-spr-device
#8
Xiao-Ling Zhang, Yan Liu, Ting Fan, Ning Hu, Zhong Yang, Xi Chen, Zhen-Yu Wang, Jun Yang
A portable multichannel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor device is presented in this study. As an optical biosensor device, the core component of its light path is a semi-cylindrical prism, which is used as the coupling unit for the excitation of the SPR phenomena. Based on this prism, a wedge-shaped incident light beam including a continuous angle range (10°) is chosen to replace the commonly-used parallel light beam in traditional SPR devices, in which the incident angle is adjusted by a sophisticated mechanical system...
June 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626832/fragment-binding-to-%C3%AE-secretase-1-without-catalytic-aspartate-interactions-identified-via-orthogonal-screening-approaches
#9
Frederik J R Rombouts, Richard Alexander, Erna Cleiren, Alex De Groot, Michel Carpentier, Joyce Dijkmans, Katleen Fierens, Stefan Masure, Diederik Moechars, Martina Palomino-Schätzlein, Antonio Pineda-Lucena, Andrés A Trabanco, Daan Van Glabbeek, Ann Vos, Gary Tresadern
An approach to identify β-secretase 1 (BACE1) fragment binders that do not interact with the catalytic aspartate dyad is presented. A ThermoFluor (thermal shift) and a fluorescence resonance energy transfer enzymatic screen on the soluble domain of BACE1, together with a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) screen on the soluble domain of BACE1 and a mutant of one catalytic Asp (D32N), were run in parallel. Fragments that were active in at least two of these assays were further confirmed using one-dimensional NMR (WaterLOGSY) and SPR binding competition studies with peptidic inhibitor OM99-2...
February 28, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625050/new-insight-into-the-chemical-nature-of-the-plasmonic-nanostructures-synthesized-by-reduction-of-au-iii-with-sulfide-species
#10
Maria Ana Huergo, Lisandro J Giovanetti, Mario Sergio Moreno, Christoph M Maier, Felix G Requejo, Roberto C Salvarezza, Carolina Vericat
We have studied the products of the controversial synthesis of HAuCl4 with Na2S, which include gold nanostructures (Au NSs) that absorb in the near-infrared (NIR) and are highly promising for photothermal therapies and other nanomedical applications. From high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy and small angle X-ray scattering we have found that only metallic gold nanostructures are formed as a result of this synthesis, with no detectable amount of gold sulfide or other oxidized gold species that could account for the NIR absorption...
June 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624745/silver-chloride-enwrapped-silver-grafted-on-nitrogen-doped-reduced-graphene-oxide-as-a-highly-efficient-visible-light-driven-photocatalyst
#11
Liang Wang, Yilun Shi, Tianfu Wang, Lili Zhang
The visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalyst silver chloride enwrapped silver/nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (AgCl@Ag/N-rGO) was prepared by a facile hydrothermal-in situ oxidation method and characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS). The characterization results reveal that Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were first grafted on N-rGO via N-groups as anchor sites and then enwrapped by AgCl by in situ oxidation...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624473/antibody-blood-brain-barrier-efflux-is-modulated-by-glycan-modification
#12
John M Finke, Kari R Ayres, Ryan P Brisbin, Hali A Hill, Emily E Wing, William A Banks
BACKGROUND: Drug delivery to the brain is a major roadblock to treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Recent results of the PRIME study indicate that increasing brain penetration of antibody drugs improves Alzheimer's treatment outcomes. New approaches are needed to better accomplish this goal. Based on prior evidence, the hypothesis that glycan modification alters antibody blood-brain barrier permeability was tested here. METHODS: The blood-brain barrier permeability coefficient Pe of different glycosylated states of anti-amyloid IgG was measured using in vitro models of brain microvascular endothelial cells...
June 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623338/high-resolution-imaging-of-a-cell-attached-nanointerface-using-a-gold-nanoparticle-two-dimensional-sheet
#13
Shihomi Masuda, Yuhki Yanase, Eiji Usukura, Sou Ryuzaki, Pangpang Wang, Koichi Okamoto, Thasaneeya Kuboki, Satoru Kidoaki, Kaoru Tamada
This paper proposes a simple, effective, non-scanning method for the visualization of a cell-attached nanointerface. The method uses localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) excited homogeneously on a two-dimensional (2D) self-assembled gold-nanoparticle sheet. The LSPR of the gold-nanoparticle sheet provides high-contrast interfacial images due to the confined light within a region a few tens of nanometers from the particles and the enhancement of fluorescence. Test experiments on rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells with fluorescence-labeled actin filaments revealed high axial and lateral resolution even under a regular epifluorescence microscope, which produced higher quality images than those captured under a total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscope...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623281/tamm-plasmon-modes-on-semi-infinite-metallodielectric-superlattices
#14
Goran Isić, Slobodan Vuković, Zoran Jašić, Milivoj Belić
We analyze the fundamental properties of optical waves referred to as Tamm plasmon modes (TPMs) which are tied to the interface of a semi-infinite two-phase metallodielectric superlattice with an arbitrary homogeneous capping medium. Such modes offer new ways of achieving high electromagnetic field localization and spontaneous emission enhancement in the vicinity of the interface in conjunction with absorption loss management, which is crucial for future applications. The homointerface, formed when the capping medium has the same permittivity as one of the superlattice constituents, is found to support a TPM whose dispersion overlaps the single-interface surface plasmon polariton (SPP) dispersion but which has a cut off at the topological transition point...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622976/differential-binding-of-the-hiv-1-envelope-to-phosphatidylserine-receptors
#15
Linlin Gu, Brian Sims, Alexandre Krendelchtchikov, Edlue Tabengwa, Qiana L Matthews
Prior work has shown that the HIV-1 envelope of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) interact directly with T-cell immunoglobulin mucin (TIM) family proteins. Herein, we demonstrate that HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins from varying HIV-1 clades bind differentially to TIM proteins and functionally similar proteins acting as phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) receptors. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology, we show that lysate containing HIV-1 envelope and recombinant HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins bind TIM-4 and advanced glycosylation end product-specific receptor (AGER)...
June 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620377/anti-double-stranded-dna-igg-participates-in-renal-fibrosis-through-suppressing-the-suppressor-of-cytokine-signaling-1-signals
#16
Ping Wang, Jie Yang, Fang Tong, Zhaoyang Duan, Xingyin Liu, Linlin Xia, Ke Li, Yumin Xia
Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) participates in renal fibrosis by downregulating Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1)-mediated cytokine signaling. Recently, it was found that anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) IgG induces the synthesis of profibrotic cytokines by renal cells. To explore the potential effect of anti-dsDNA IgG on SOCS1-mediated renal fibrosis, kidney tissues were collected from patients with lupus nephritis (LN) as well as MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618365/a-highly-sensitive-and-widely-adaptable-plasmonic-aptasensor-using-berberine-for-small-molecule-detection
#17
Jin-Ho Park, Ju-Young Byun, Hyungjun Jang, Donggu Hong, Min-Gon Kim
Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensors allow label-free detection of small molecules in molecular binding events; however, they are limited by a relatively low sensitivity and narrow dynamic range. Here, we report highly sensitive small-molecule detection by LSPR peak shift exploiting the G-quadruplex (GQx) structure-binding characteristic of known GQx binders to enhance the LSPR signal of a plasmonic aptasensor. Six known GQx binders (thiazole orange, malachite green, crystal violet, zinc protoporphyrin IX, thioflavin T, and berberine) were tested for their ability to enhance the LSPR signal...
June 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616953/universal-liquid-phase-laser-fabrication-of-various-nano-metals-encapsulated-by-ultrathin-carbon-shells-for-deep-uv-plasmonics
#18
Miao Yu, Chao Yang, Xiao-Ming Li, Tian-Yu Lei, Hao-Xuan Sun, Li-Ping Dai, Yu Gu, Xue Ning, Ting Zhou, Chao Wang, Hai-Bo Zeng, Jie Xiong
The exploration of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) beyond the usual visible waveband, for example within the ultraviolet (UV) or deep-ultraviolet (D-UV) regions, is of great significance due to its unique applications in secret communications and optics. However, it is still challenging to universally synthesize the corresponding metal nanostructures due to their high activity. Herein, we report a universal, eco-friendly, facile and rapid synthesis of various nano-metals encapsulated by ultrathin carbon shells, significantly with a remarkable deep-UV LSPR characteristic, via a liquid-phase laser fabrication method...
June 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614752/highly-selective-and-sensitive-method-for-cu-2-detection-based-on-chiroptical-activity-of-l-cysteine-mediated-au-nanorod-assemblies
#19
Shahryar Abbasi, Hamzeh Khani
Herein, we demonstrated a simple and efficient method to detect Cu(2+) based on amplified optical activity in the chiral nanoassemblies of gold nanorods (Au NRs). L-Cysteine can induce side-by-side or end-to-end assembly of Au NRs with an evident plasmonic circular dichroism (PCD) response due to coupling between surface plasmon resonances (SPR) of Au NRs and the chiral signal of L-Cys. Because of the obvious stronger plasmonic circular dichrosim (CD) response of the side-by-side assembly compared with the end-to-end assemblies, SS assembled Au NRs was selected as a sensitive platform and used for Cu(2+) detection...
May 30, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614387/global-sensing-of-the-antigenic-structure-of-herpes-simplex-virus-gd-using-high-throughput-array-based-spr-imaging
#20
Tina M Cairns, Noah T Ditto, Huan Lou, Benjamin D Brooks, Doina Atanasiu, Roselyn J Eisenberg, Gary H Cohen
While HSV-2 typically causes genital lesions, HSV-1 is increasingly the cause of genital herpes. In addition, neonatal HSV infections are associated with a high rate of mortality and HSV-2 may increase the risk for HIV or Zika infections, reinforcing the need to develop an effective vaccine. In the GSK Herpevac trial, doubly sero-negative women were vaccinated with a truncated form of gD2 [gD2(284t)], then examined for anti-gD serum titers and clinical manifestations of disease. Surprisingly, few vaccinees were protected against genital HSV-2 but 86% were protected from genital HSV-1...
June 14, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
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