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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#1
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640723/intravitreal-injections-service-a-patient-experience-evaluation
#2
Hani Hasan, Sarah Flockhart, Waseem Qureshi, Selina Khan, Shahina Ahmed, Nimish Shah
INTRODUCTION: This survey has been conducted following the introduction of nurse-led intravitreal injections clinics at the Great Western Hospital. A team of 5 nurses regularly carry out an average of 90 injections per week. METHODS: A series of 169 consecutive injection patients have been offered the study questionnaire between 28 January 2016 and 28 February 2016; patients with no previous experience with a nurse injector were excluded. RESULTS: 76...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636477/three-axial-evaluation-of-whole-body-vibration-in-agricultural-telehandlers-the-effects-of-an-active-cab-suspension-system
#3
Federica Caffaro, Christian Preti, Margherita Micheletti Cremasco, Eugenio Cavallo
Agricultural and earth-moving machinery operators are particularly exposed to whole body vibration (WBV), which has severe effects on health and affects comfort and performance. Few studies have investigated vibrational safety and comfort issues in telescopic handlers. These vehicles are widespread in many off-road applications-such as construction, agriculture and mining-used to handle loads and to lift persons and equipment. This study investigated the effects of an active hydro-pneumatic cab-suspension system fitted to a telehandler on a driver's vibration exposure along the x-, y- and z-axes, through both objective and subjective assessments...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635434/mental-health-professionals-and-media-professionals-a-survey-of-attitudes-towards-one-another
#4
Beth Chapman, Rohit Shankar, Joanne Palmer, Richard Laugharne
BACKGROUND: The general public regard mass media as their main source of information about mental illness. Psychiatrists are reluctant to engage with the media. There is little understanding of why this is the case. AIMS: The paper looks to explore attitudes of mental health clinicians and the media towards one another. METHOD: Media and mental health clinicians in the southwest of England completed self-report surveys. RESULTS: Of 119 questionnaires returned 85 were mental health clinicians and 34 media professionals...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634768/futile-treatment-a-review
#5
Lenko Šarić, Ivana Prkić, Marko Jukić
The main goal of intensive care medicine is helping patients survive acute threats to their lives, while preserving and restoring life quality. Because of medical advancements, it is now possible to sustain life to an extent that would previously have been difficult to imagine. However, the goals of medicine are not to preserve organ function or physiological activity but to treat and improve the health of a person as a whole. When dealing with medical futilities, physicians and other members of the care team should be aware of some ethical principles...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634623/knot-integrity-using-different-suture-types-and-different-knot-tying-techniques-for-reconstructive-pelvic-floor-procedures
#6
Omar F Dueñas-Garcia, Gina M Sullivan, Katherine Leung, Kristen L Billiar, Michael K Flynn
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Surgeons use a variety of sutures and knot-tying methods during pelvic reconstructive procedures. We hypothesized that knot-strength integrity will be similar with regards to type of knot, type of suture, and the knot-tying process. METHODS: Using six different suture materials, flat square knots and slip knots were tied robotically and by hand by two surgeons. Knot integrity was evaluated using an Instron 5544 machine. We measured force and elongation at suture failure or knot slippage (whichever came first) as well as force at 3-mm displacement...
June 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634248/suburban-families-experience-with-food-insecurity-screening-in-primary-care-practices
#7
Deepak Palakshappa, Stephanie Doupnik, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) remains a major public health problem. With the rise in suburban poverty, a greater understanding of parents' experiences of FI in suburban settings is needed to effectively screen and address FI in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted 23 semistructured interviews with parents of children <4 years of age who presented for well-child care in 6 suburban pediatric practices and screened positive for FI. In the interviews, we elicited parents' perceptions of screening for FI, how FI impacted the family, and recommendations for how practices could more effectively address FI...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632824/-adolescents-find-it-easy-to-collect-their-own-samples-to-study-sexually-transmitted-infections
#8
Andrea Huneeus, Mario I Fernández, Andrea Schilling, Paulina Parra, Aleksandra Zakharova
BACKGROUND: As alternative for patients that fear genital examination, we assessed adolescent's comfort and ease with self-collected samples for nucleic acid amplification testing for sexually transmitted infections. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sexually active Chilean adolescents and youth under 25 years (174 males and 117 females) were enrolled. Females used self-collected vaginal swabs and males collected first-stream urine. A satisfaction survey evaluating self-sampling system was applied...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632701/effects-of-active-student-centered-teaching-strategies-on-nursing-students-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-comfort-related-to-patient-safety
#9
Jennifer Gunberg Ross, Elizabeth Bruderle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632080/lesbian-disclosure-and-health-care-seeking-in-the-united-states-a-replication-study
#10
Melissa St Pierre
The current study explored factors associated with lesbian disclosure to health care providers (HCPs) and engagement in preventative health behaviors by replicating and extending a Canadian path analysis study with a sample of U.S. lesbians. Both patient (education, feminism, global outness, and internalized homophobia) and HCP-related (lesbian-friendly HCPs and patient comfort) factors were either directly or indirectly associated with disclosure and engagement in preventative health behaviors, including avoidance of health-compromising behaviors (e...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632064/the-effectiveness-of-front-fork-systems-at-damping-accelerations-during-isolated-aspects-specific-to-cross-country-mountain-biking
#11
Paul W Macdermid, Matthew C Miller, Philip W Fink, Stephen R Stannard
Cross-country mountain bike suspension reportedly enhances comfort and performance through reduced vibration and impact exposure. This study analysed the effectiveness of three different front fork systems at damping accelerations during the crossing of three isolated obstacles (stairs, drop, and root). One participant completed three trials on six separate occasions in a randomised order using rigid, air-sprung, and carbon leaf-sprung forks. Performance was determined by time to cross obstacles, while triaxial accelerometers quantified impact exposure and damping response...
March 1, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631493/awareness-and-misperceptions-of-hospice-and-palliative-care-a-population-based-survey-study
#12
Ariel Shalev, Veerawat Phongtankuel, Elissa Kozlov, Megan Johnson Shen, Ronald D Adelman, M C Reid
BACKGROUND: Despite the documented benefits of palliative and hospice care on improving patients' quality of life, these services remain underutilized. Multiple factors limit the utilization of these services, including patients' and caregivers' lack of knowledge and misperceptions. OBJECTIVES: To examine palliative and hospice care awareness, misperceptions, and receptivity among community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: New York State residents ≥18 years old who participated in the 2016 Empire State Poll...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#13
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631275/a-typology-of-interprofessional-teamwork-in-acute-geriatric-care-a-study-in-55-units-in-belgium
#14
Ruth D Piers, Karen J J Versluys, Johan Devoghel, Sophie Lambrecht, André Vyt, Nele J Van Den Noortgate
OBJECTIVES: To explore the quality of interprofessional teamwork in acute geriatric care and to build a model of team types. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: Acute geriatric units in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Team members of different professional backgrounds. MEASUREMENTS: Perceptions of interprofessional teamwork among team members of 55 acute geriatric units in Belgium were measured using a survey covering collaborative practice and experience, managerial coaching and open team culture, shared reflection and decision-making, patient files facilitating teamwork, members' belief in the power of teamwork, and members' comfort in reporting incidents...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629437/evaluation-of-a-low-cost-low-power-syringe-pump-to-deliver-magnesium-sulfate-intravenously-to-pre-eclamptic-women-in-a-malawian-referral-hospital
#15
Erica Skerrett, Edward Kommwa, Kelley Maynard, Alexa Juarez, Ronald Mataya, Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Z Maria Oden
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate is an affordable and effective treatment for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. In settings where infusion pumps are not available to regulate the flow rate of intravenous delivery, healthcare providers must administer magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) via time-consuming and painful, large-volume intramuscular injections. As an alternative to costly commercially available syringe pumps, we developed AutoSyp, an accurate, low-cost, and low-powered syringe pump designed to meet the needs and constraints these low-resource settings...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628952/seeking-comfort-in-an-uncomfortable-chair
#16
Elena Molinari
The author explores the concept of comfort in relation to the setting. The concept of comfort, an unusual word in the psychoanalytic lexicon, describes the intuitive and complex experience of patient and analyst being together in the analytic office. The couch and the chair are not the only tools of the setting, but they are potential instruments with which to study the therapeutic process, both in high-frequency therapy and in lower-frequency treatments. To describe the transformations that an alternative experience of comfort can promote, the author looks at the intersection of this concept with the body-mind relationship and with the Bionian concept of binocular vision...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628753/computer-vision-syndrome
#17
Susan A Randolph
With the increased use of electronic devices with visual displays, computer vision syndrome is becoming a major public health issue. Improving the visual status of workers using computers results in greater productivity in the workplace and improved visual comfort.
July 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628680/current-perspectives-among-u-s-dermatologists-on-chemoprevention-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-survey-based-study
#18
Brittany Oliver, Serena Durrani, Joel L Cohen, Adam J Friedman
<p>Introduction: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy in the US Primary prevention of NMSC with physical photoprotective measures are often not sufficient to impact skin cancer incidence in high-risk individuals. Chemoprevention is the use of agents to prevent, suppress, and reverse carcinogenic progression. Many agents have been investigated, but preclinical and clinical studies are often inconsistent.</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess current practices, perceptions, and general knowledge of U...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628478/reducing-barriers-to-primary-school-education-for-girls-in-rural-kenya-reusable-pads-intervention
#19
Winnie Mucherah, Kendra Thomas
Purpose The current study explored girls' perceptions of the impact of sanitary pads' intervention on their school attendance and grades. Methods Participants included 150 girls in 6th, 7th, and 8th grade in two rural schools in Kenya. Participants completed a questionnaire on menstrual health issues and the perceived impact on school attendance and academic performance. Results Results indicated that of all participants (150), those who had passed menarche and had cloth pads had similar comfort levels at school as those who had not yet had their period...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628372/suicide-intervention-training-for-college-staff-program-evaluation-and-intervention-skill-measurement
#20
Laura Shannonhouse, Yung-Wei Dennis Lin, Kelly Shaw, Reema Wanna, Michael Porter
OBJECTIVE: Suicide remains a pressing issue for college communities. Consequently, gate-keeper trainings are often provided for staff. This study examines the effect of one such program, Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST). PARTICIPANTS: 51 college employees received ASIST in August of 2014 and were compared to 30 wait-list control participants. METHODS: MR-ANOVA were used to analyze pre- and post-training: (a) skills at responding to students-at-risk; (b) attitudes towards suicide; (c) knowledge about suicide; and (d) comfort/competence/confidence at helping a student-at-risk...
June 19, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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