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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655849/effect-of-cadmium-on-morphometric-traits-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-and-phytochelatin-synthase-gene-expression-sopcs-of-saccharum-officinarum-var-cp48-103-in-vitro
#1
Z Yousefi, M Kolahi, A Majd, P Jonoubi
Cadmium is an important environmental pollutant which genetically, physiologically and biochemically affects the cell. Phytochelatins (PC) are involved in one of the phytoremediation mechanisms, in which they are able to bind heavy metals, such as cadmium. The objective of this study was to evaluate morphometric, antioxidant enzyme activity, and SoPCS gene expression in sugarcane growing under cadmium stress. After propagation, samples were cultured in triplicate for 14 days in modified MS medium containing CdCl2 (100, 250, 500 µmol)...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652230/transposition-of-the-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve
#2
Amgad Hanna
OBJECTIVE Meralgia paresthetica causes pain, burning, and loss of sensation in the anterolateral thigh. Surgical treatment traditionally involves neurolysis or neurectomy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN). After studying and publishing data on the anatomical feasibility of LFCN transposition, the author presents here the first case series of patients who underwent LFCN transposition. METHODS Nineteen patients with meralgia paresthetica were treated in the Department of Neurological Surgery at University of Wisconsin between 2011 and 2016; 4 patients underwent simple decompression, 5 deep decompression, and 10 medial transposition...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651952/special-traumatized-populations-burns-and-hypothermia
#3
Shruti Mehrotra, Amita Misir
It is important for physicians treating children to be aware of unique presentation that require expertise and knowledge. Two areas of importance when caring for traumatized children are Thermal Burn Injuries, and Hypothermia. Burns commonly result in morbidity in children; as such, the appropriate identification of the severity of the burn and appropriate management are integral to minimize the complications of burns during the acute phase. Attention to proper fluid management is paramount. Knowledge of types of solutions to use during Burn treatment is important...
April 11, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651853/oleogel-s10-to-accelerate-healing-of-donor-sites-monocentric-results-of-phase-iii-clinical-trial
#4
B Lipový, M Fiamoli, R Mager, Z Jelínková, J Jarkovský, Z Chaloupková, J Holoubek, I Suchánek, P Brychta
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oleogel-S10, an ointment containing betulin-rich triterpene dry extract from birch bark was tested in an open, blindly evaluated, prospective, controlled, randomized multicentre study to improve wound healing in donor sites. The primary endpoint was time to wound closure, and secondary endpoints were scar related measurements at the time of wound closure, and 3 and 12 months after wound closure (POSAS, laser speckle contrast analysis, viscoelastic analysis). RESULTS: We report the results from a single centre (Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Brno) of this phase III clinical trial...
2018: Acta Chirurgiae Plasticae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651394/the-healing-effect-of-sesame-oil-camphor-and-honey-on-second-degree-burn-wounds-in-rat
#5
Reza Vaghardoost, Seyed GholamReza Mousavi Majd, Hamid Tebyanian, Hamid Babavalian, Leila Malaei, Mitra Niazi, Ali Javdani
BACKGROUND: Many studies were carried out to improve sophisticated dressings to accelerate healing processes and reduce the microbial burden in burn wounds. This study evaluated the healing effect of herbal ointment containing extract of sesame oil, camphor and honey on second degree burn wounds in rats in comparison with daily dressing oil vaseline. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly assigned to two equal groups. A deep second degree burn was formed on the back of each rat with using a standard burning technique...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651392/the-effect-of-rhythmic-breathing-on-pain-of-dressing-change-in-patients-with-burns-referred-to-ayatollah-mousavi-hospital
#6
Mehri Bozorg-Nejad, Hammed Azizkhani, Fatimah Mohaddes Ardebili, Sayed Kazem Mousavi, Farzad Manafi, Agha Fatemeh Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Burn is the worst tragedy among modern societies that individuals may experience. One of the most important problems of burns is pain; particularly at the time of treatment including burn dressings, debridement, surgical incisions and physiotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of rhythmic breathing on pain of dressing change in patients with burns. METHODS: This semi-experimental clinical trial study with a control group was conducted on 60 eligible burn patients who were selected using convenient sampling method and allocated randomly in two groups of test and control (each n=30)...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651390/comparison-of-albizia-julibressin-and-silver-sulfadiazine-in-healing-of-second-and-third-degree-burns
#7
Hossein Asgarirad, Aroona Chabra, Mahnaz Rahimnejad, Ahmad Zaghi Hosseinzadeh, Ali Davoodi, Mohammad Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of population suffer from burn annually. The promising treatment of burn has not been identified yet. Albizia julibressin ( A. julibressin ) in Fabaceae family is popular for its antiseptic activity. This prospective study was designed to compare the wound healing effects of A. julibressin gel (AG) with silver sulfadiazine (SSD). METHODS: This single blind clinical trial was performed on 40 patients with second and third degree burns. 20 patients treated with SSD and 20 other patients received A...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651389/the-healing-effect-of-n-hexan-dichloromethane-extract-root-onosma-bulbotrichum-in-second-degree-burns
#8
Aliasghar Hemmati, Forough Namjuyan, Sadegh Yousefi, Gholamreza Housmand, Hossein Khadem Haghighian, Anahita Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Wound healing is the process of repair following an injury to the skin and other soft tissues. In this study, the effect of n-hexane d-chloromethane extract (1: 1) of root Onosma bulbotrichum DC on the second degree burn in rabbit model was investigated. METHODS: Thirty-six adult rabbits of both sexes were randomly divided into six groups, control (without treatment), negative control (treatment with cold cream), positive control (treatment with silver sulfadiazine), and treatment groups with 5%, 1% and 2% O...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649810/female-gender-marital-and-family-problems-and-feelings-of-guilt-are-related-to-self-immolation-suicide-attempts
#9
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Amir Hosein Rahighi, Mohammad Haghighi
BACKGROUND: Self-immolation (SI) is considered one of the most painful, dramatic, and at the same time most inexplicable methods of suicide, with a high social impact. Prevalence rates are particularly high in Iran, and in north-western Iran specifically. Here, we report sociodemographic, psychological, and psychiatric characteristics of patients attempting self-immolation (PSIs), compared to patients with accident burns (PABs). METHOD: Patients referred to the Burns Emergency Unit of the Besat Hospital (Hamadan, Iran) were enrolled in the present study between winter 2015 and summer 2016...
April 12, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649104/coordination-of-gpr40-and-ketogenesis-signaling-by-medium-chain-fatty-acids-regulates-beta-cell-function
#10
Julien Benjamin Pujol, Nicolas Christinat, Yann Ratinaud, Claudia Savoia, Siobhan E Mitchell, El Hadji M Dioum
Diabetes prevalence increases with age, and β-cell dysfunction contributes to the incidence of the disease. Dietary lipids have been recognized as contributory factors in the development and progression of the disease. Unlike long chain triglycerides, medium chain triglycerides (MCT) increase fat burning in animal and human subjects as well as serum C-peptide in type 2 diabetes patients. We evaluated the beneficial effects of MCT on β-cells in vivo and in vitro. MCT improved glycemia in aged rats via β-cell function assessed by measuring insulin secretion and content...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648477/acute-intensive-care-unit-management-of-mustard-gas-victims-the-turkish-experience
#11
Ertugrul Kilic, Mesut Ortatatli, Sermet Sezigen, Rusen Koray Eyison, Levent Kenar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is an highly toxic and vesicant chemical weapon that was used in various military conflicts several times in the history. The severity of ocular, dermal, and pulmonary symptoms that may appear following a characteristic asymptomatic period are depending on the SM concentration and exposure duration. The aim of this study is to present the clinical features and share the intensive care unit (ICU) experiences for the medical management of mustard gas victims. Thirteen Free Syrian Army soldiers near Al-Bab region of North Syria were reportedly exposed to oily blackish smoke with garlic smell due to the explosion of a trapped bomb without causing any blast or thermal effect on 26th November 2016...
April 12, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643795/ocular-injury-due-to-potassium-permanganate-granules
#12
Chareenun Chirapapaisan, Pinnita Prabhasawat, Sabong Srivannaboon, Vatookarn Roongpoovapatr, Piyada Chitsuthipakorn
Purpose: We report a rare case of ocular injury due to potassium permanganate (KMnO4 ) granules in a child. Methods: This is a retrospective case report. Results: A 2-year-old boy was transferred to our emergency room with severe pain in his right eye, inflamed eyelids, and brownish stains on his fingers. Chemical injury was suspected. Copious eye irrigation was immediately performed. Diffuse brownish splotches were then observed at the inferior bulbar conjunctiva...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643733/camphor-burns-on-the-palm-an-unusual-new-presentation
#13
B A Ramesh
Introduction: Camphor burns on the palm are uncommon and rarely encountered by a plastic surgeon. Aim: This study aims to analyze different patterns of camphor burns on the palm. Methods: Five women and one man presented with camphor burns on their palm. All patients had burns on their right palm. The shape of camphor, the duration of contact with the ignited camphor on the palm, and post-burn treatments were evaluated. Results: Three types of camphor burns were noted: Type 1 (a ring-shaped or a dome-shaped blister with unburned skin in the center), Type 2 (an oval-shaped partially thick burn with unburned skin in the center), and Type 3 (a full-thickness burn exposing the palmar fascia)...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643605/effect-of-aquatic-versus-land-based-exercise-programs-on-physical-performance-in-severely-burned-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ibrahim M Zoheiry, Haidy N Ashem, Hamada Ahmed Hamada Ahmed, Rami Abbas
[Purpose] To compare the effect of an aquatic-based versus a land-based exercise regimen on the physical performance of severely burned patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty patients suffering from severe burn (total body surface area more than 30%) were recruited from several outpatient clinics in Greater Cairo. Their ages ranged between 20 to 40 years and were randomly assigned into two equal groups: group (A), which received an aquatic based exercise program, and group (B), which received a land-based exercise program...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642370/global-transcriptome-analysis-of-brown-adipose-tissue-of-diet-induced-obese-mice
#15
Jingyi Cao, Qi Zhu, Lin Liu, Bradley J Glazier, Benjamin C Hinkel, Chun Liang, Haifei Shi
Consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) promotes the development of obesity, a disease resulting from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has thermogenic capacity that burns calories to produce heat, and it is a potential target for the treatment and prevention of obesity. There is limited information regarding the impact of HFD on the BAT transcriptome. We hypothesized that HFD-induced obesity would lead to transcriptional regulation of BAT genes. RNA sequencing was used to generate global transcriptome profiles from BAT of lean mice fed with a low-fat diet (LFD) and obese mice fed with a HFD...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630127/research-and-analysis-of-74-bloodstream-infection-cases-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-drug-resistance
#16
H-G Wu, W-S Liu, M Zhu, X-X Li
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at investigating the clinical and bacteriological features and drug resistance of bloodstream infection of Acinetobacter baumannii, so as to provide new evidence for treatment of bloodstream infection of Acinetobacter baumannii. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Statistical analysis was carried out for the clinical and bacteriological features and drug sensitivity of 74 bloodstream infection cases of Acinetobacter baumannii who were admitted to this hospital between July 2016 and June 2017...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629863/early-experience-with-topical-meloxicam-and-lidocaine-combination-for-the-treatment-of-vulvodynia
#17
Rufina Kim, Kerri-Lynn Kelly, Merle Olsen, J Curtis Nickel
INTRODUCTION: We report our early clinical observations on the use of topical meloxicam and lidocaine gel for patients with vulvodynia. METHODS: This is an early experience in participants with a history of vulvodynia evaluated and treated at the Queen's University Pelvic and Bladder Pain Clinic. Combination meloxicam 0.3% and lidocaine 5% were provided to the participants and they were instructed to apply 5 cc to the vulvar area twice daily. Standardized assessment was conducted for each participant before the start of the topical therapy and again at one week included Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index (ICSI), Interstitial Cystitis Problem Index (ICPI), and pain scoring (Likert) for vulvar pain, in addition to a subjective global assessment after a week of treatment...
April 6, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629853/-determining-depth-of-burns-using-laser-doppler-imaging
#18
C M Legemate, M J Hop, M K Nieuwenhuis, E Middelkoop, M E van Baar, C H van der Vlies
Early accurate assessment of burn depth is important to determine the optimal treatment of burns (conservative versus surgery). Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) is a technique that allows accurate measurement of burn depth by measuring dermal perfusion. Although it has been demonstrated that LDI led to faster decisions as to whether or not to operate, this has not lead to shorter wound healing time or cost savings in Dutch burn care. LDI is used in all Dutch burn centres. In case of doubt about the depth of a burn in primary or secondary care, referral to a burn centre is advisable...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627131/treatment-of-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-by-a-multidisciplinary-team-a-review-of-literature-and-treatment-results
#19
Anthony Papp, Sheena Sikora, Morgan Evans, Diana Song, Mark Kirchhof, Monica Miliszewski, Jan Dutz
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are mucocutaneous hypersensitivity reactions, usually to drugs or their metabolites. TEN is the most severe involving greater than 30% of the total body surface area (TBSA). Management of these patients usually benefits from a large multidisciplinary team for both wound and medical management. Treatment of these patients varies between centers and physicians and there is lack of a standardized treatment protocol in the medical literature...
April 4, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627130/patient-satisfaction-after-fractional-ablation-of-burn-scar-with-2940nm-wavelength-erbium-yag-laser
#20
Tarik D Madni, Paul A Nakonezny, Jonathan B Imran, Audra T Clark, Holly B Cunningham, John E Hoopman, Brett D Arnoldo, Steven E Wolf, Jeffrey M Kenkel, Herb A Phelan
OBJECTIVE: Fractional laser therapy is a new treatment with potential benefit in the treatment of burn scars. We sought to determine patient satisfaction after burn scar treatment with the Erbium-Yag laser. METHODS: We performed a telephone survey of all patients who underwent fractional resurfacing of burn scars with the Erbium-Yag 2940 wavelength laser at Parkland Hospital from 01/01/2016 to 05/01/2017. Subjects were asked to rate their satisfaction with their scars' after treatment characteristics on a scale from 1 (completely unsatisfied) to 10 (completely satisfied)...
April 4, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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