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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097433/early-integration-of-palliative-supportive-cancer-care-healthcare-professionals-perspectives-on-the-support-needs-of-cancer-patients-and-their-caregivers-across-the-cancer-treatment-trajectory
#1
Amy Rohrmoser, Martina Preisler, Konrad Bär, Anne Letsch, Ute Goerling
PURPOSE: Delivering palliative/supportive cancer care (PSCC) early in the course of cancer care can enhance patients' and caregivers' quality of life, reduce anxiety and depression, and prolong patients' lives. However, their support needs are analyzed insufficiently from viewpoints other than their own. The goal of this study was to explore the perspectives of healthcare professionals on desirable standards of support for tumor patients and caregivers across the cancer treatment trajectory...
January 17, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096301/phosphoinositol-3-phosphate-acts-as-a-timer-for-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-the-phagosome
#2
Zhi Min Song, Leïla Bouchab, Elodie Hudik, Romain Le Bars, Oliver Nüsse, Sophie Dupré-Crochet
Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the phagosome by the NADPH oxidase is critical for mammalian immune defense against microbial infections and phosphoinositides are important regulators in this process. Phosphoinositol 3-phosphate (PI(3)P) regulates ROS production at the phagosome via p40(phox) by an unknown mechanism. This study tested the hypothesis that PI(3)P controls ROS production by regulating the presence of p40(phox) and p67(phox) at the phagosomal membrane. Pharmacologic inhibition of PI(3)P synthesis at the phagosome decreased the ROS production both in differentiated PLB-985 cells and human neutrophils...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096114/bar-code-app-aims-to-cut-sugar-intake
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096019/tinker-tailor-deliberate-an-ethnographic-inquiry-into-the-institutionalized-practice-of-bar-coded-medication-administration-technology-by-nurses
#4
M J M H Boonen, Frans J H Vosman, Alistair R Niemeijer
AIM: Explore the practice of nurses working with bar-coded medication administration technology, to gain insight in the impact it has on their work. BACKGROUND: The widespread presumption of using Barcoded Medication Administration Technology (BCMA) is that it will effectively reduce the number of errors in the dispensing of medication to patients. However, it remains unclear whether this is the case in actual practice. METHOD: Two distinct but overlapping research methodologies of Institutional Ethnography and Praxeology were combined as a means to uncover the highly complex practice of BCMA by nurses...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095087/binocular-and-accommodative-characteristics-in-a-normal-population
#5
AbbasAli Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Hassan Hashemi, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Somayeh Ghasemi-Moghaddam, Javad Heravian, Asgar Doostdar, Payam Nabovati
PURPOSE: To study binocular and accommodative characteristics and their associations with age and gender in an Iranian young adult population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, multistage cluster sampling was done from the students of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. All participants had visual acuity, refraction, and cover tests followed by measurements of the near point of convergence (NPC), amplitude of accommodation (AA), monocular and binocular accommodative facility (MAF and BAF) using ±2...
January 17, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094014/a-new-methodology-for-assessment-of-pectus-excavatum-correction-after-bar-removal-in-nuss-procedure-preliminary-study
#6
João Gomes-Fonseca, João L Vilaça, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Bruno Direito-Santos, António C M Pinho, Jaime C Fonseca, Jorge Correia-Pinto
PURPOSE: The objective is to present a new methodology to assess quantitatively the impact of bar removal on the anterior chest wall, among patients with pectus excavatum who have undergone the Nuss procedure, and present a preliminary study using this methodology. METHODS: We propose to acquire, for each patient, the surface of the anterior chest wall using a three-dimensional laser scanner at subsequent time points (short term: before and after surgery; long term: follow-up visit, 6months, and 12months after surgery)...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093898/effect-of-heat-treatment-on-the-nitrogen-content-and-its-role-on-the-co2-adsorption-capacity-of-highly-ordered-mesoporous-carbon-nitride
#7
Kripal S Lakhi, Dae-Hwan Park, Stalin Joseph, Siddulu N Talapaneni, Ugo Ravon, Khalid Al-Bahily, Ajayan Vinu
Mesoporous carbon nitrides (MCN) with rod shaped morphology and tunable nitrogen contents have been synthesized via calcination free method using ethanol-washed mesoporous SBA-15 as templates at different carbonization temperatures. Carbon tetrachloride (CTC) and ethylenediamine (EDA) were used as the sources of carbon and nitrogen respectively. The resulting MCN materials were characterized with low and high angle power XRD, N2 adsorption, HR-SEM, HR-TEM, CHN elemental analysis, XPS and. XANES techniques. It is observed that the carbonization temperature plays a critical role in controlling not only the crystallinity but also the nitrogen content and the textural parameters of the samples including specific surface area and specific pore volume...
January 16, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092439/molecular-details-of-the-ph-domain-of-acap1-bar-ph-protein-binding-to-pip-containing-membrane
#8
Chun Chan, Lanyuan Lu, Fei Sun, Jun Fan
ACAP1 proteins were previously reported to specifically bind PIP2-containing cell membranes and form well-structured protein lattices in order to conduct membrane tubulation. We carried out molecular dynamics simulations to characterize orientation of the PH domains with respect to the BAR domains inside the protein dimer. Followed by molecular dynamics simulations, we present a comprehensive orientation analysis of PH domain under different states including unbound and bound with lipids. We have examined two binding pockets on the PH domain and present PMF profiles of the two pockets to account for their preference to PIP2 lipids...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091717/bar-adsorptive-microextraction-technique-application-for-the-determination-of-pharmaceuticals-in-real-matrices
#9
Carlos Almeida, Samir M Ahmad, José Manuel F Nogueira
In the present work, bar adsorptive microextraction using miniaturized devices (7.5 × 3.0 mm) coated with suitable sorbent phases, combined with microliquid desorption (100 μL) followed by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (BAμE-μLD/HPLC-DAD), is proposed for the determination of trace level of six pharmaceuticals (furosemide, mebeverine, ketoprofen, naproxen, diclofenac and mefenamic acid) in environmental water and urine matrices. By comparing ten distinct sorbent materials (five polymeric and five activated carbons), the polymer P5 proved to be the most suitable to achieve the best selectivity and efficiency...
January 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091447/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-a-resected-right-temporomandibular-joint
#10
M Dincel, H Kocaağaoğlu, H Ö Gümüş, H Albayrak
This case report presents the prosthodontic rehabilitation of a patient with a resected right mandible, caused by an accident. Right condyle, ramus, and the posterior part of ramus were affected by the accident. These structures were resected, and the mandible was positioned toward the surgical area and a facial asymmetry was occurred. The patient was treated with a bar-retained maxillar denture with a guide ramp and an implant-supported fixed mandibular prosthesis.
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090759/raising-the-bar-for-systematic-reviews-with-assessment-of-multiple-systematic-reviews-amstar
#11
EDITORIAL
Philipp Dahm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090728/exploring-text-and-icon-graph-interpretation-in-students-with-dyslexia-an-eye-tracking-study
#12
Sunjung Kim, Rebecca Wiseheart
A growing body of research suggests that individuals with dyslexia struggle to use graphs efficiently. Given the persistence of orthographic processing deficits in dyslexia, this study tested whether graph interpretation deficits in dyslexia are directly related to difficulties processing the orthographic components of graphs (i.e. axes and legend labels). Participants were 80 college students with and without dyslexia. Response times and eye movements were recorded as students answered comprehension questions about simple data displayed in bar graphs...
January 16, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089813/parasciadicleithrum-octofasciatum-n-gen-n-sp-monogenoidea-dactylogyridae-parasite-of-rocio-octofasciata-regan-cichlidae-perciformes-from-mexico-characterised-by-morphological-and-molecular-evidence
#13
Carlos A Mendoza-Palmero, Isabel Blasco-Costa, David Hernández-Mena, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
Based on an integrative taxonomic approach, combining morphological characters and partial sequences of the 28S rRNA gene, a new genus and species, Parasciadicleithrum octofasciatum, is proposed to accommodate dactylogyrids infecting the gills of Rocio octofasciata (Cichlidae) from a tributary of the Lacantún River basin, Chiapas State, southern Mexico. Morphologically, the new genus resembles members of Sciadicleithrum (Dactylogyridae) in the presence of membranes on the anterior margins of both ventral and dorsal haptoral bars...
January 13, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089330/finite-element-analysis-of-implant-assisted-removable-partial-dentures-framework-design-considerations
#14
Reza Shahmiri, Raj Das
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Connecting an acrylic resin base to both a metal framework and a rigidly fixed implant may affect the rotational displacement of the prosthesis during loading. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis study was to analyze the effect of connecting a denture base metal framework to an implant with the aim of decreasing the rotational movement of an implant-assisted removable partial denture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A mesial occlusal rest direct retainer and a distal occlusal rest direct retainer were modeled and adapted to incorporate a modified denture base metal framework in the connection area for each model...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088693/reinforcement-of-a-pmma-resin-for-interim-fixed-prostheses-with-silica-nanoparticles
#15
Marianthi Topouzi, Eleana Kontonasaki, Dimitrios Bikiaris, Lambrini Papadopoulou, Konstantinos M Paraskevopoulos, Petros Koidis
PURPOSE: Fractures in long span provisional/interim restorations are a common complication. Adequate fracture toughness is necessary to resist occlusal forces and crack propagation, so these restorations should be constructed with materials of improved mechanical properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible reinforcement of neat silica nanoparticles and trietoxyvinylsilane-modified silica nanoparticles in a PMMA resin for fixed interim restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Composite PMMA-Silica nanoparticles powders were mixed with PMMA liquid and compact bar shaped specimens were fabricated according to the British standard BS EN ISO 127337:2005...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087135/surgical-site-infection-related-to-use-of-elastomeric-pumps-in-pectus-excavatum-repair-lessons-learned-from-root-cause-analysis
#16
Nadja Apelt, Joshua Schaffzin, Christina Bates, Rebeccah L Brown, Marc Mecoli, Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, Victor Garcia
BACKGROUND: Pectus excavatum repair (PEX) is among the most painful thoracic procedures performed. Continuous peripheral nerve blockade (CPNB) is known to be efficacious in optimizing pain control while limiting narcotic use in adult thoracic procedures. It was introduced in May 2015 as a bridge to oral pain control in children undergoing PEX. Consequently, the surgical site infection (SSI) rate increased from 2.7% to 27.7%. METHODS: SSI surveillance followed national guidelines...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086790/rna-sequencing-for-global-gene-expression-associated-with-muscle-growth-in-a-single-male-modern-broiler-line-compared-to-a-foundational-barred-plymouth-rock-chicken-line
#17
Byung-Whi Kong, Nicholas Hudson, Dongwon Seo, Seok Lee, Bhuwan Khatri, Kentu Lassiter, Devin Cook, Alissa Piekarski, Sami Dridi, Nicholas Anthony, Walter Bottje
BACKGROUND: Modern broiler chickens exhibit very rapid growth and high feed efficiency compared to unselected chicken breeds. The improved production efficiency in modern broiler chickens was achieved by the intensive genetic selection for meat production. This study was designed to investigate the genetic alterations accumulated in modern broiler breeder lines during selective breeding conducted over several decades. METHODS: To identify genes important in determining muscle growth and feed efficiency in broilers, RNA sequencing (RNAseq) was conducted with breast muscle in modern pedigree male (PeM) broilers (n = 6 per group), and with an unselected foundation broiler line (Barred Plymouth Rock; BPR)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080206/probiotics-d-lactic-acidosis-oxidative-stress-and-strain-specificity
#18
Luis Vitetta, Samantha Coulson, Michael Thomsen, Tony Nguyen, Sean Hall
1. The existence of an implicit living microscopic world, composed primarily of bacteria, has been known for centuries. The exact mechanisms that govern the contribution of bacteria to human health and disease have only recently become the subject of intense research efforts. Within this very evident shift in paradigms, the rational design of probiotic formulations has led to the creation of an industry that seeks to progress the engineering of probiotic bacteria that produce metabolites that may enhance human host health and prevent disease...
January 12, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080051/prediction-of-bond-dissociation-energies-heat-of-formation-for-diatomic-transition-metal-compounds-ccsd-t-works
#19
Zongtang Fang, Monica Vasiliu, Kirk A Peterson, David A Dixon
It was recently reported (J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2015, 11, 2036-2052) that the coupled cluster singles and doubles with perturbative triples method, CCSD(T), should not be used as a benchmark tool for the prediction of dissociation energies (heats of formation) for the 1st row transition metal diatomics based on a comparison with the experimental thermodynamic values for a set of 20 diatomics. In the present work the bond dissociation energies as well as the heats of formation for those diatomics have been calculated by the Feller-Peterson-Dixon approach at the CCSD(T)/complete basis set (CBS) level of theory including scalar relativistic corrections and correlation of the outer shell of core electrons in addition to the valence electrons...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079513/high-dose-aspirin-for-kawasaki-disease-outdated-myth-or-effective-aid
#20
Gil Amarilyo, Yael Koren, Dafna Brik Simon, Maskit Bar-Meir, Hilla Bahat, Mona Hanna Helou, Amir Mendelson, Nofar Hezkelo, Gabriel Chodick, Yackov Berkun, Eli Eisenstein, Yonatan Butbul Aviel, Galia Barkai, Yoav Bolkier, Shai Padeh, Riva Brik, Phillip J Hashkes, Liora Harel, Yosef Uziel
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) plus high-dose aspirin (HDA) vs. IVIG plus low-dose aspirin (LDA) for the treatment of Kawasaki disease, with an emphasis on coronary artery outcomes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective, medical record review of paediatric patients with Kawasaki disease comparing 6 centres that routinely used HDA for initial treatment and 2 that used LDA in 2004-2013. Treatment response and adverse events were compared...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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