Read by QxMD icon Read


Eduardo Huber, Diego Lucas Francio, Vanessa Biasi, Natália Mezzomo, Sandra Regina Salvador Ferreira
ABSTRACT: Vegetable fibers have been used lately as ingredients in popular meat products in order to increase its nutritional value. The objective of this study was the physical-chemical characterization of six vegetable fibers in order to apply them in chicken burger formulations as animal fat substitutes. The studied fibers showed moisture content below 14 %, low content of fat, protein and ash, and high levels of carbohydrates. The oat, wheat and bamboo fibers showed the highest content of total dietary fiber...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Wenwu Lin, Wenkai Yan, Wenting Yang, Chaowei Yu, Huihuang Chen, Wen Zhang, Zujian Wu, Liang Yang, Lianhui Xie
We characterised the virus-derived small interfering RNAs (vsiRNA) of bamboo mosaic virus (Ba-vsiRNAs) and its associated satellite RNA (satRNA)-derived siRNAs (satsiRNAs) in a bamboo plant (Dendrocalamus latiflorus) by deep sequencing. Ba-vsiRNAs and satsiRNAs of 21-22 nt in length, with both (+) and (-) polarity, predominated. The 5'-terminal base of Ba-vsiRNA was biased towards A, whereas a bias towards C/U was observed in sense satsiRNAs, and towards A in antisense satsiRNAs. A large set of bamboo genes were identified as potential targets of Ba-vsiRNAs and satsiRNAs, revealing RNA silencing-based virus-host interactions in plants...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Virology
Teobald Kupka, Michal Stachów, Leszek Stobiński, Jakub Kaminský
Structural and selected Raman features of pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCTNs) with diameters from 0.4 to 1.2 nm and total lengths up to 2.15 nm were studied using the density functional theory (DFT) at the UB3LYP/6-31G* level. Models of different lengths (1, 4, 6 and 10 adjacent bamboo-units) of zigzag (n, 0) SWCNTs, for n ranging from 5 to 15, were studied. Highly systematic changes of individual CC bond lengths and angles along the nanotube axis were observed and described for the longest models...
September 14, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yun Lu, Hongwei Liu, Runan Gao, Shaoliang Xiao, Ming Zhang, Yafang Yin, Siqun Wang, Jian Li, Dongjiang Yang
Nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) has received increasing attention in science and technology due not only to the availability of large amounts of cellulose in nature but also to its unique structural and physical features. These high aspect ratio nanofibers have potential applications as water remediation, reinforcing scaffold in composites, coatings, and porous materials due to their fascinating properties. In this work, highly porous NFC aerogels were prepared based on tert-butanol freeze-drying of ultrasonic isolated bamboo NFC with 20-80 nm diameters...
October 6, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M M An, C Guo, P P Lin, M B Zhou
Ty3-gypsy long-terminal repeat retroelements are ubiquitously found in many plant genomes. This study reports the occurrence of heterogeneous Ty3-gypsy retroelements in four representative bamboo species: Phyllostachys heterocycla (Carr.) Mitford cv. pubescens, P. heterocycla (Carr.) Mitford cv. heterocycla, Dendrocalamopsis oldhami, and Pleioblastus fortunei. Using degenerate oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the conserved domains of reverse transcriptase (rt) genes of Ty3-gypsy retroelements, 165 distinct sequences were amplified from genomic DNA...
August 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
He Huang, Shangmian Yie, Yuliang Liu, Chengdong Wang, Zhigang Cai, Wenping Zhang, Jingchao Lan, Xiangming Huang, Li Luo, Kailai Cai, Rong Hou, Zhihe Zhang
The functional adaptive changes in cyanide detoxification in giant panda appear to be response to dietary transition from typical carnivore to herbivorous bear. We tested the absorption of cyanide contained in bamboo/bamboo shoots with a feeding trial in 20 adult giant pandas. We determined total cyanide content in bamboo shoots and giant panda's feces, levels of urinary thiocyanate and tissue rhodanese activity using color reactions with a spectrophotometer. Rhodanese expression in liver and kidney at transcription and translation levels were measured using real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Chih-Hao Chang, Fu-Chen Hsu, Shu-Chuan Lee, Yih-Shan Lo, Jiun-Da Wang, Jane Shaw, Michael Taliansky, Ban-Yang Chang, Yau-Heiu Hsu, Na-Sheng Lin
RNA trafficking plays pivotal roles in regulating plant development, gene silencing, and adaptation to environmental stress. Satellite RNAs (satRNAs), parasites of viruses, depend on their helper viruses (HVs) for replication, encapsidation, and efficient spread. However, it remains largely unknown how satRNAs interact with viruses and the cellular machinery to undergo trafficking. Here, we show that the P20 protein of Bamboo mosaic potexvirus satRNA (satBaMV) can functionally complement in trans the systemic trafficking of P20-defective satBaMV in infected Nicotiana benthamiana...
October 4, 2016: Plant Cell
Rubbel Singla, Sourabh Soni, Pankaj Markand Kulurkar, Avnesh Kumari, Mahesh S, Vikram Patial, Yogendra S Padwad, Sudesh Kumar Yadav
An innovative approach was adopted where in situ synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from leaf extract mediated reduction of AgNO3 were simultaneously impregnated into the matrix of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) isolated from Dendrocalamus hamiltonii and Bambusa bambos leaves, for formation of nanobiocomposites (NCs) in film and ointment forms. Here, use of plant CNCs was chosen as an alternate to bacterial cellulose for wound dressings. NCs possessing water absorption capacity and strong antibacterial activity showed synergistic effect on in vivo skin wound healing and documented faster and significant wound closure in treated mice...
January 2, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Janaina Rigonato, Natalia Gonçalves, Ana Paula Dini Andreote, Marcio Rodrigues Lambais, Marli Fátima Fiore
Cyanobacterial communities on the phyllosphere of 4 plant species inhabiting the endangered Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome were evaluated using cultivation-independent molecular approaches. Total genomic DNA was extracted from cells detached from the surface of leaves of Euterpe edulis, Guapira opposita, Garcinia gardneriana, and Merostachys neesii sampled in 2 Brazilian Atlantic Forest locations along an elevational gradient, i.e., lowland and montane forest. The DNA fingerprinting method PCR-DGGE revealed that the cyanobacterial phyllosphere community structures were mainly influenced by the plant species; geographical location of the plant had little effect...
June 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Yutaka Saito, Yan-Xuan Zhang, Kotaro Mori, Katsura Ito, Yukie Sato, Anthony R Chittenden, Jian-Zhen Lin, Younghae Chae, Takane Sakagami, Ken Sahara
Nesting behavior is considered to be an important element of social living in animals. The spider mites belonging to the genus Stigmaeopsis spend their lives within nests produced from silk threads. Several of these species show cooperative sociality, while the others are subsocial. In order to identify the origins of this social behavior, comparisons of nest sizes, nesting behaviors (making nests continuously or separately), and their associated traits (fecal deposition patterns) were made for eight cogeneric Stigmaeopsis species showing various levels of social development...
October 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
N Prathyusha, Reddi Kamesh, K Yamuna Rani, C Sumana, S Sridhar, R S Prakasham, V V N Yashwanth, G Sheelu, M Pradeep Kumar
Experiments have been performed for pretreatment of sorghum, wheat straw and bamboo through high temperature alkali pretreatment with different alkaline loading and temperatures, and the data on extent of delignification in terms of the final compositions of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin have been generated. Further, enzymatic saccharification has been carried out in all the cases to find the extent of conversion possible after 72h. The effect of different operating parameters on the extent of delignification and cellulose conversion are evaluated...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
Annie R Layno-Moses, Tariq Malik, Joshua J Minori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Haichen Yin, Qihao Shi, Muhammad Shakeel, Jing Kuang, Jianhong Li
Melanization reflects not only body color variation but also environmental plasticity. It is a strategy that helps insects adapt to environmental change. Different color morphs may have distinct life history traits, e.g., development time, growth rate, and body weight. The green slender planthopper Saccharosydne procerus (Matsumura) is the main pest of water bamboo (Zizania latifolia). This insect has two color morphs. The present study explored the influence of photoperiod and its interaction with temperature in nymph stage on adult melanism...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Santosh Keisam, Wahengbam Romi, Giasuddin Ahmed, Kumaraswamy Jeyaram
Cultivation-independent investigation of microbial ecology is biased by the DNA extraction methods used. We aimed to quantify those biases by comparative analysis of the metagenome mined from four diverse naturally fermented foods (bamboo shoot, milk, fish, soybean) using eight different DNA extraction methods with different cell lysis principles. Our findings revealed that the enzymatic lysis yielded higher eubacterial and yeast metagenomic DNA from the food matrices compared to the widely used chemical and mechanical lysis principles...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mansi Patel, Priti Mehta, Sonal Bakshi, Shikha Tewari
The ionizing radiation is a known carcinogen as well as cancer therapeutic agent however, the side effect on normal tissue is a limiting factor and inadequate doses necessitates search for an ideal radioprotective agent. Bamboo species are rich source of antioxidants hence have therapeutic value in many free radical mediated diseases. This is the first report regarding in vitro protective effect of bamboo leaf extract against radiation induced genetic damage in human peripheral blood lymphocytes by cytokinesis blocked micronuclei (CBMN) assay...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Chenhong Wang, Dong Wei, Zhongxi Zhang, Dexin Wang, Jiping Shi, Chul Ho Kim, Biao Jiang, Zengsheng Han, Jian Hao
The glucose oxidation pathway is important for glucose catabolism in Klebsiella pneumoniae. Gluconic acid and 2-ketogluconic acid are intermediates of this pathway, and the production of these two chemicals has been developed in K. pneumoniae mutants. Catalysis characteristic research in this study has shown that xylose is a suitable substrate of the glucose dehydrogenase of this pathway. Here, using xylose as substrate, xylonic acid was accumulated in the broth of K. pneumoniae culture, and this process was dependent upon acidic conditions...
September 15, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Hui Hu, Bangqiang Jiang, Huixiong Wu, Jubin Zhang, Xiaohui Chen
In this work, a biochar was prepared from bamboo (Acidosasa edulis) shoot shell through slow pyrolysis (under 300-700 °C). Characterization with various tools showed that the biochar surface was highly hydrophobic and also had more basic functional groups. Batch sorption experiments showed that the biochar had strong sorption ability to perrhenate (a chemical surrogate for pertechnetate) with maximum sorption capacity of 46.46 mg/g, which was significantly higher than commercial coconut shell activated carbon and some adsorbents reported previously...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Junhui Chen, Songhao Li, Chenfei Liang, Qiufang Xu, Yongchun Li, Hua Qin, Jeffry J Fuhrmann
Biochar incorporated into soil has been known to affect soil nutrient availability and act as a habitat for microorganisms, both of which could be related to its particle size. However, little is known about the effect of particle size on soil microbial community structure and function. To investigate short-term soil microbial responses to biochar addition having varying particle sizes and addition rates, we established a laboratory incubation study. Biochar produced via pyrolysis of bamboo was ground into three particle sizes (diameter size<0...
September 10, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Jie Cheng, Nan Wang, Dezhou Zhao, Dandan Qin, Wenqing Si, Yunfei Tan, Shun'an Wei, Dan Wang
Three kinds of sulfonated cross-linked chitosan (SCCR) immobilized with metal ions of Cu(2+), Fe(3+) and Zn(2+) individually were synthesized and firstly used as solid acid catalysts in the hydrolysis of bamboo biomass. FTIR spectra showed that metal ions had been introduced into SCCR and the N-metal ions coordinate bound was formed. The particle sizes of these catalysts were about 500-1000μm with a pore size of 50-160μm. All of the three kinds of catalysts performed well for bamboo hydrolysis with 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride used as solvent...
November 2016: Bioresource Technology
Bamboo Dong, Lissete Sánchez-Magraner, Hartmut Luecke
Microbial rhodopsins are light-activated, seven-α-helical, retinylidene transmembrane proteins that have been identified in thousands of organisms across archaea, bacteria, fungi, and algae. Although they share a high degree of sequence identity and thus similarity in structure, many unique functions have been discovered and characterized among them. Some function as outward proton pumps, some as inward chloride pumps, whereas others function as light sensors or ion channels. Unique among the microbial rhodopsins characterized thus far, Anabaena sensory rhodopsin (ASR) is a photochromic sensor that interacts with a soluble 14-kDa cytoplasmic transducer that is encoded on the same operon...
September 6, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"