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cognitive behavior training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150296/structural-mri-based-measures-of-neuroplasticity-in-an-extended-amygdala-network-as-a-target-for-attention-bias-modification-treatment-outcome
#1
Jacob Aday, Joshua M Carlson
Increased attentional bias to threat has been identified as a causal mechanism in the development of anxiety. As such, attention bias modification (ABM) was conceived as a treatment option where anxiety is alleviated through a computerized cognitive training regimen that reduces an individual's attentional bias to threat. Although ABM appears to be a promising treatment option for anxiety, the mechanism of action by which the treatment is effective is unknown. We hypothesize that effective ABM treatment is associated with neuroplasticity-related structural changes in an extended amygdala - prefrontal cortex network that can be detected with standard T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142531/factors-associated-with-implementation-of-the-5a-s-smoking-cessation-model
#2
C Martínez, Y Castellano, A Andrés, M Fu, L Antón, M Ballbè, P Fernández, S Cabrera, A Riccobene, E Gavilan, A Feliu, A Baena, M Margalef, E Fernández
Background: Several health organizations have adopted the 5A's brief intervention model (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange), based on evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation. We examine individual, cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors associated with the 5A's performance among clinical healthcare workers in Catalonia. We also investigate how these factors interact and potentially predict the implementation of each component of the 5A's. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health workers enrolled in an online smoking cessation training course (n = 580)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142094/standardized-automated-training-of-rhesus-monkeys-for-neuroscience-research-in-their-housing-environment
#3
Michael Berger, Antonino Calapai, Valeska Stephan, Michael Niessing, Leonore Burchardt, Alexander Gail, Stefan Treue
Teaching non-human primates the complex cognitive behavioral tasks that are central to cognitive neuroscience research is an essential and challenging endeavor. It is crucial for the scientific success that the animals learn to interpret the often complex task rules, and reliably and enduringly act accordingly. To achieve consistent behavior and comparable learning histories across animals, it is desirable to standardize training protocols. Automatizing the training can significantly reduce the time invested by the person training the animal...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140460/a-meta-analysis-of-social-skills-training-and-related-interventions-for-psychosis
#4
David T Turner, Edel McGlanaghy, Pim Cuijpers, Mark van der Gaag, Eirini Karyotaki, Angus MacBeth
Objective: Evidence suggests that social skills training (SST) is an efficacious intervention for negative symptoms in psychosis, whereas evidence of efficacy in other psychosis symptom domains is limited. The current article reports a comprehensive meta-analytic review of the evidence for SST across relevant outcome measures, control comparisons, and follow-up assessments. The secondary aim of this study was to identify and investigate the efficacy of SST subtypes. Methods: A systematic literature search identified 27 randomized controlled trials including N = 1437 participants...
November 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139007/adding-high-intensity-interval-training-to-conventional-training-modalities-optimizing-health-related-outcomes-during-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-the-optitrain-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sara Mijwel, Malin Backman, Kate A Bolam, Anna Jervaeus, Carl Johan Sundberg, Sara Margolin, Maria Browall, Helene Rundqvist, Yvonne Wengström
PURPOSE: Exercise training is an effective and safe way to counteract cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and to improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL). High-intensity interval training has proven beneficial for the health of clinical populations. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effects of resistance and high-intensity interval training (RT-HIIT), and moderate-intensity aerobic and high-intensity interval training (AT-HIIT) to usual care (UC) in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
November 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137558/testing-a-web-based-trained-peer-model-to-build-capacity-for-evidence-based-practices-in-community-mental-health-systems
#6
Ramaris E German, Abby Adler, Sarah A Frankel, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Paola Pinedo, Arthur C Evans, Aaron T Beck, Torrey A Creed
OBJECTIVE: Use of expert-led workshops plus consultation has been established as an effective strategy for training community mental health (CMH) clinicians in evidence-based practices (EBPs). Because of high rates of staff turnover, this strategy inadequately addresses the need to maintain capacity to deliver EBPs. This study examined knowledge, competency, and retention outcomes of a two-phase model developed to build capacity for an EBP in CMH programs. METHODS: In the first phase, an initial training cohort in each CMH program participated in in-person workshops followed by expert-led consultation (in-person, expert-led [IPEL] phase) (N=214 clinicians)...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135358/training-area-agencies-on-aging-case-managers-to-improve-physical-function-mood-and-behavior-in-persons-with-dementia-and-caregivers-examples-from-the-rdad-northwest-study
#7
Susan M McCurry, Rebecca G Logsdon, Kenneth C Pike, David M LaFazia, Linda Teri
The Reducing Disability in Alzheimer's Disease (RDAD) program has been shown to be an effective tool for teaching caregivers strategies to improve mood, behavior, and physical function in persons with dementia. This paper describes how RDAD has been translated and implemented for use by Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) case managers across Washington and Oregon. Modifications to the original RDAD program as part of its community translation included decreasing the number of in-person sessions while preserving all educational content; involving caregivers in exercise activities for themselves as well as acting as exercise coaches for care-receivers; and enrolling persons with cognitive impairment due to mixed etiologies...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128777/a-systematic-review-of-heart-failure-dyadic-self-care-interventions-focusing-on-intervention-components-contexts-and-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Harleah G Buck, Anna Stromberg, Misook L Chung, Kristine A Donovan, Karen Harkness, Allison M Howard, Naoko Kato, Randall Polo, Lorraine S Evangelista
BACKGROUND: Having support from an informal carer is important for heart failure patients. Carers have the potential to improve patient self-care. At the same time, it should be acknowledged that caregiving could affect the carer negatively and cause emotional reactions of burden and stress. Dyadic (patient and informal carer) heart failure self-care interventions seek to improve patient self-care such as adherence to medical treatment, exercise training, symptom monitoring and symptom management when needed...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128326/cognitive-remediation-can-improve-negative-symptoms-and-social-functioning-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Joseph Ventura, Kenneth L Subotnik, Denise Gretchen-Doorly, Laurie Casaus, Michael Boucher, Gerhard S Hellemann, Keith H Nuechterlein
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses have reported that the effects of cognitive remediation might go beyond improvement in cognition to include unexpected benefits for schizophrenia patients such as negative symptom reduction and improvements in functioning. In addition, some evidence indicated that these potentially beneficial effects are also present in the initial course of schizophrenia, but work in this area is still developing. METHOD: A RCT compared Cognitive Remediation (CR) to Healthy Behaviors Training (HBT) in 80 patients (78% male) with a mean age of 21...
November 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#11
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121259/exercise-ameliorates-neurocognitive-impairments-in-a-translational-model-of-pediatric-radiotherapy
#12
Iman Sahnoune, Taeko Inoue, Shelli R Kesler, Shaefali P Rodgers, Omaima M Sabek, Steen E Pedersen, Janice A Zawaski, Katharine H Nelson, M Douglas Ris, J Leigh Leasure, M Waleed Gaber
Background: While CRT is an effective treatment, healthy areas surrounding irradiation sites are negatively affected. Frontal lobe functions involving attention, processing speed and inhibition control are impaired. These deficits appear months to years after CRT and impair quality-of-life. Exercise has been shown to rejuvenate the brain and aid in recovery post-injury through its effects on neurogenesis and cognition. Methods: We developed a juvenile rodent CRT model that reproduces neurocognitive deficits...
November 7, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120247/clinician-perceptions-related-to-the-use-of-the-cbt-i-coach-mobile-app
#13
Katherine E Miller, Eric Kuhn, Jason Owen, Katherine Taylor, Jessica Yu, Brandon J Weiss, Jill J Crowley, Mickey Trockel
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians' perceptions of CBT-I Coach, a patient-facing mobile app for cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), are critical to its adoption and integration into practice. Diffusion of innovations theory emphasizes the influence of perceptions, including the relative advantage to current practice; the compatibility to clinician's needs; the complexity; the innovation's trialability; and observability. This study intended to evaluate the use and perceptions of CBT-I Coach among Veterans Affairs (VA)-trained CBT-I clinicians...
November 9, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109237/sleep-deprivation-promotes-habitual-control-over-goal-directed-control-behavioral-and-neuroimaging-evidence
#14
Jie Chen, Jie Liang, Xiao Lin, Yang Zhang, Yan Zhang, Lin Lu, Jie Shi
Sleep is one of the most fundamental processes of life, playing an important role in the regulation of brain function. The long-term lack of sleep can cause memory impairments, declines in learning ability, and executive dysfunction. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of sleep deprivation on instrumental learning behavior, particularly goal-directed and habitual actions in humans, and investigated the underlying neural mechanisms. Healthy college students of either gender were enrolled and randomly divided into sleep deprivation group and sleep control group...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105247/increased-functional-connectivity-in-the-ventral-and-dorsal-streams-during-retrieval-of-novel-words-in-professional-musicians
#15
Eva Dittinger, Seyed Abolfazl Valizadeh, Lutz Jäncke, Mireille Besson, Stefan Elmer
Current models of speech and language processing postulate the involvement of two parallel processing streams (the dual stream model): a ventral stream involved in mapping sensory and phonological representations onto lexical and conceptual representations and a dorsal stream contributing to sound-to-motor mapping, articulation, and to how verbal information is encoded and manipulated in memory. Based on previous evidence showing that music training has an influence on language processing, cognitive functions, and word learning, we examined EEG-based intracranial functional connectivity in the ventral and dorsal streams while musicians and nonmusicians learned the meaning of novel words through picture-word associations...
November 3, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093688/transformational-leadership-transactional-contingent-reward-and-organizational-identification-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-innovation-and-goal-culture-orientations
#16
Athena Xenikou
Purpose: The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of transformational leadership and transactional contingent reward as complementary, but distinct, forms of leadership on facets of organizational identification via the perception of innovation and goal organizational values. Design/Methodology/Approach: Three studies were carried out implementing either a measurement of mediation or experimental-causal-chain design to test for the hypothesized effects. Findings: The measurement of mediation study showed that transformational leadership had a positive direct and indirect effect, via innovation value orientation, on cognitive identification, whereas transactional contingent reward was more strongly related to affective, rather than cognitive, identification, and goal orientation was a mediator of their link...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089612/the-association-of-emotion-driven-impulsiveness-cognitive-inflexibility-and-decision-making-with-weight-status-in-european-adolescents
#17
J M J Coumans, U N Danner, W Ahrens, A Hebestreit, T Intemann, Y A Kourides, L Lissner, N Michels, L A Moreno, P Russo, S Stomfai, T Veidebaum, R A H Adan
OBJECTIVE: to explore the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness, cognitive inflexibility, decision-making and with weight status as reflected in BMI z-score (zBMI) in European adolescents. METHODS: In total 3 354 adolescent aged between 12 and 18 years from the I.Family cohort completed the questionnaire based negative urgency subscale from the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale to measure emotion-driven impulsiveness in 2013/2014. Furthermore, 1 584 adolescents completed the computer-based Bergs Card Sorting Test to measure cognitive inflexibility, and 1 780 adolescents completed the Hungry Donkey Test to assess decision-making ability...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089289/assessing-therapist-competence-development-of-a-performance-based-measure-and-its-comparison-with-a-web-based-measure
#18
Zafra Cooper, Helen Doll, Suzanne Bailey-Straebler, Kristin Bohn, Dian de Vries, Rebecca Murphy, Marianne E O'Connor, Christopher G Fairburn
BACKGROUND: Recent research interest in how best to train therapists to deliver psychological treatments has highlighted the need for rigorous, but scalable, means of measuring therapist competence. There are at least two components involved in assessing therapist competence: the assessment of their knowledge of the treatment concerned, including how and when to use its strategies and procedures, and an evaluation of their ability to apply such knowledge skillfully in practice. While the assessment of therapists' knowledge has the potential to be completed efficiently on the Web, the assessment of skill has generally involved a labor-intensive process carried out by clinicians, and as such, may not be suitable for assessing training outcome in certain circumstances...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084283/increased-engagement-of-the-cognitive-control-network-associated-with-music-training-in-children-during-an-fmri-stroop-task
#19
Matthew Sachs, Jonas Kaplan, Alissa Der Sarkissian, Assal Habibi
Playing a musical instrument engages various sensorimotor processes and draws on cognitive capacities collectively termed executive functions. However, while music training is believed to associated with enhancements in certain cognitive and language abilities, studies that have explored the specific relationship between music and executive function have yielded conflicting results. As part of an ongoing longitudinal study, we investigated the effects of music training on executive function using fMRI and several behavioral tasks, including the Color-Word Stroop task...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083031/practitioner-review-definition-recognition-and-treatment-challenges-of-irritability-in-young-people
#20
REVIEW
Argyris Stringaris, Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft
BACKGROUND: Irritability is one of the most common reasons for referral to child and adolescent mental health services and is the main characteristic of the new diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). However, the recognition and management of irritability presents a major challenge in clinical practice and may be partly responsible for the dramatic increase in antipsychotic prescribing in recent years. METHODS: In this review, we provide up-to-date information on the definition and mechanisms underlying irritability, and its assessment in clinical practice...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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