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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437059/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-bipolar-disorder
#1
Sarah D Holder
Bipolar disorder is a severe chronic mental illness that affects a large number of individuals. This disorder is separated into two major types, bipolar I disorder, with mania and typically recurrent depression, and bipolar II disorder, with recurrent major depression and hypomania. Patients with bipolar disorder spend the majority of time experiencing depression, and this typically is the presenting symptom. Because outcomes are improved with earlier diagnosis and treatment, physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for bipolar disorder...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427032/social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-focus-on-emotional-intelligence
#2
C Varo, E Jimenez, B Solé, C M Bonnín, C Torrent, E Valls, I Morilla, G Lahera, A Martínez-Arán, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to characterize emotional intelligence (EI) variability in a sample of euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients through the Mayer- Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). METHOD: A total of 134 euthymic BD outpatients were recruited and divided into three groups according to the total Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) score of the MSCEIT, following a statistical criterion of scores 1.5SDs above/below the normative group mean, as follows: a low performance (LP) group (EIQ <85), a normal performance (NP) group (85≤EIQ≤115), and a high performance (HP) group (EIQ >115)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410446/self-reported-long-term-benefits-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
Béatrice Weber, Loretta Sala, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Aurélie Docteur, Philip Gorwood, Paolo Cordera, Guido Bondolfi, Françoise Jermann, Jean-Michel Aubry, Christine Mirabel-Sarron
OBJECTIVES: This study focused on patients with bipolar disorder (BD), several years after their participation in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). It aimed at documenting sustained mindfulness practice, perceived long-term benefit from the program, and changes regarded as direct consequences of the intervention. DESIGN: This cross-sectional survey took place at least 2 years after MBCT for 70.4% of participants. LOCATION: It was conducted in two specialized outpatient units for BDs that are part of the Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland) and the Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris (France)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404515/assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-via-atherogenic-indices-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-manic-episode-and-alterations-with-treatment
#4
Tevfik Kalelioglu, Abdullah Genc, Nesrin Karamustafalioglu, Murat Emul
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is one of the important cause of mortality among patients with Bipolar Disorder. Castelli Risk index I and II (CRI-I and II), Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) and Atherogenic coefficient (AC) are new parameters in assessing cardiovascular risk. In this study we aimed to explore the status of cardiovascular risk factors and their alterations with treatment in manic episode. METHODS: Bipolar Disorder inpatients who were in manic episode and age-gender matched healthy controls were included in the study...
April 2, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403800/elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-women-with-bipolar-disorder-may-be-explained-by-a-history-of-childhood-trauma-especially-sexual-abuse-body-mass-index-and-age
#5
Juliana Brum Moraes, Michael Maes, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Thais Zagabria Ferrari, Marcela Keikko Spagolla Uehara, André F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether increased levels of high-sensitivity C- reactive protein (hs-CRP) observed in individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs) could be influenced by a previous exposure to early life stress (ELS) independently from other explanatory or background variables, including age, body mass index (BMI), and the presence of co-occurring mental disorders. METHODS: In this case-control study we included 142 healthy controls and 92 bipolar I and II patients...
April 7, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400656/congenital-muscular-torticollis-use-of-gaze-angle-and-translational-deformity-in-assessment-of-facial-asymmetry
#6
Atul Bhaskar, U Harish, Hardik Desai
BACKGROUND: Assessment of facial asymmetry is challenging in torticollis deformity. Neck tilt in toroticollis is associated with deviation of horizontal ocular gaze and translation of neck from the midline. These deviations can be assessed clinically and can be used as surrogate marker for facial asymmetry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty five children with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) were classified into three grades of severity based on the new clinical score...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399092/-the-affective-pathology-in-patients-with-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#7
V V Grachev
AIM: To investigate affective pathology in patients with adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) and to analyze comorbid mutual influences of these clinical entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 52 young female patients, aged from 13.9 to 17.4 years, who simultaneously meet ICD-10 criteria of F50.2 - typical BN and F30-F39 - mood disorders. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for psychometric assessment. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 7 years...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390496/kindling-of-life-stress-in-bipolar-disorder-effects-of-early-adversity
#8
Benjamin G Shapero, Rachel B Weiss, Taylor A Burke, Elaine M Boland, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Most theoretical frameworks regarding the role of life stress in bipolar disorders (BD) do not incorporate the possibility of a changing relationship between psychosocial context and episode initiation across the course of the disorder. The kindling hypothesis theorizes that over the longitudinal course of recurrent affective disorders, the relationship between major life stressors and episode initiation declines (Post, 1992). The present study aimed to test an extension of the kindling hypothesis in BD by examining the effect of early life adversity on the relationship between proximal life events and prospectively assessed mood episodes...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390495/aggression-protects-against-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episodes-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#9
Tommy H Ng, Rachel D Freed, Madison K Titone, Jonathan P Stange, Rachel B Weiss, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
A growing body of research suggests that bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are associated with high aggression. However, little research has prospectively examined how aggression may affect time to onset of hypomanic/manic versus major depressive episodes. In a longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that aggression would prospectively predict a shorter time to the onset of hypomanic/manic episodes and a longer time to the onset of major depressive episodes, based on the behavioral approach system theory of BSDs...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381796/correlation-between-the-efficacy-of-lamotrigine-and-the-serum-lamotrigine-level-during-the-remission-phase-of-acute-bipolar-ii-depression-a-naturalistic-and-unblinded-prospective-pilot-study
#10
Akiyoshi Kikkawa, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Tetsuya Aiba, Koichi Hiraki, Toshiaki Sendo
Lamotrigine has acute antidepressant effects in patients with bipolar disorder. However, there is little information regarding appropriate serum levels of lamotrigine and the time until remission after the start of lamotrigine therapy in patients with bipolar II depression. This was a naturalistic and unblinded prospective pilot study. Twelve patients' depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at the start of treatment and at the time of remission, and blood samples were obtained at the time of remission...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370454/direct-free-carrier-photogeneration-in-single-layer-and-stacked-organic-photovoltaic-devices
#11
Hrisheekesh Thachoth Chandran, Tsz-Wai Ng, Yishu Foo, Ho-Wa Li, Jian Qing, Xiao-Ke Liu, Chiu-Yee Chan, Fu-Lung Wong, Juan Antonio Zapien, Sai-Wing Tsang, Ming-Fai Lo, Chun-Sing Lee
High performance organic photovoltaic devices typically rely on type-II P/N junctions for assisting exciton dissociation. Heremans and co-workers recently reported a high efficiency device with a third organic layer which is spatially separated from the active P/N junction; but still contributes to the carrier generation by passing its energy to the P/N junction via a long-range exciton energy transfer mechanism. In this study the authors show that there is an additional mechanism contributing to the high efficiency...
April 3, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368159/personality-disorder-symptom-severity-predicts-onset-of-mood-episodes-and-conversion-to-bipolar-i-disorder-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#12
Tommy H Ng, Taylor A Burke, Jonathan P Stange, Patricia D Walshaw, Rachel B Weiss, Snezana Urosevic, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Although personality disorders (PDs) are highly comorbid with bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs), little longitudinal research has been conducted to examine the prospective impact of PD symptoms on the course of BSDs. The aim of this study is to examine whether PD symptom severity predicts shorter time to onset of bipolar mood episodes and conversion to bipolar I disorder over time among individuals with less severe BSDs. Participants (n = 166) with bipolar II disorder, cyclothymia, or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified completed diagnostic interview assessments of PD symptoms and self-report measures of mood symptoms at baseline...
April 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365865/socio-demographic-and-clinical-characterization-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-i-vs-ii-a-nationwide-italian-study
#13
A Carlo Altamura, Massimiliano Buoli, Bruno Cesana, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Gianluigi Tacchini, Umberto Albert, Andrea Fagiolini, Andrea de Bartolomeis, Giuseppe Maina, Emilio Sacchetti
Bipolar disorders (BDs) are prevalent, comorbid and disabling conditions, associated with the highest suicide risk among psychiatric illnesses. In the last few years, new efforts to better characterize the socio-demographic and clinical profiles of BD type I vs II have been documented by several reports, with novel and insightful findings in the field. The present multicenter study aimed to provide a comprehensive and reliable representation of the Italian reality, through the analysis of the largest national sample of bipolar patients collected so far...
April 1, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365836/abuse-related-effects-of-subtype-selective-gabaa-receptor-positive-allosteric-modulators-in-an-assay-of-intracranial-self-stimulation-in-rats
#14
Kathryn L Schwienteck, Guanguan Li, Michael M Poe, James M Cook, Matthew L Banks, S Stevens Negus
RATIONALE: GABAA positive allosteric modulators (GABAA PAMs), such as diazepam and zolpidem, are used clinically for anxiety and insomnia, but abuse liability is a concern. Novel GABAA PAMS may have lower abuse liability while retaining clinical utility. OBJECTIVE: The present study compared abuse-related effects of the non-selective GABAA PAM diazepam, the α1-selective GABAA PAM zolpidem, and three novel GABAA PAMs (JY-XHe-053, XHe-II-053, and HZ-166) using intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) in rats...
April 1, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365522/longitudinal-course-and-characteristics-of-cyclothymic-disorder-in-youth
#15
Anna R Van Meter, Eric A Youngstrom, Boris Birmaher, Mary A Fristad, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies suggest that cyclothymic disorder is the most prevalent subtype of bipolar disorder (BD). However, it is rarely diagnosed, especially in youth. This may be because it can be difficult to ascertain whether a youth meets diagnostic criteria. Clearer, easy-to-apply criteria could reduce misdiagnosis. The objective oftable this study was to determine whether proposed research diagnostic criteria for cyclothymic disorder (RDCyc), based on DSM-5 criteria, could be quantified and validated in youth...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365466/early-clinical-predictors-and-correlates-of-long-term-morbidity-in-bipolar-disorder
#16
G Serra, A Koukopoulos, L De Chiara, A E Koukopoulos, G Sani, L Tondo, P Girardi, D Reginaldi, R J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVES: Identifying factors predictive of long-term morbidity should improve clinical planning limiting disability and mortality associated with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: We analyzed factors associated with total, depressive and mania-related long-term morbidity and their ratio D/M, as %-time ill between a first-lifetime major affective episode and last follow-up of 207 BD subjects. Bivariate comparisons were followed by multivariable linear regression modeling...
February 21, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363877/subacromial-temperature-profile-during-bipolar-radiofrequency-use-in-shoulder-arthroscopy-comparison-of-coblation-%C3%A2-vs-vapr-%C3%A2
#17
V Huynh, O Barbier, X Bajard, A Bouchard, D Ollat, G Versier
BACKGROUND: The use of bipolar electrodes for arthroscopic procedures carries a theoretical ex vivo risk of inducing burn injuries. Few studies have measured the in vivo temperatures produced by bipolar electrodes during arthroscopy, and their results are conflicting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the temperature profile within the subacromial space during shoulder arthroscopy with two different electrode systems. HYPOTHESIS: The primary hypothesis was that the two electrode systems produced similar temperature variations and peak temperatures...
March 28, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360522/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-lamotrigine-for-all-types-of-bipolar-disorder
#18
Yoshinori Watanabe, Seiji Hongo
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the long-term efficacy and safety of lamotrigine (LTG) for bipolar disorder (BP) differs between disease types (BP-I, BP-II, or BP not otherwise specified [BP-NOS]), and the efficacy of the concomitant use of antidepressants (ADs). METHODS: For >1 year, we observed 445 outpatients with BP (diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria) who initiated LTG treatment between July 1 and October 31, 2011, using the Himorogi Self-rating Depression (HSDS) and Anxiety Scales and the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale and also recorded adverse events...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358865/ultrastructure-and-morphology-of-antennal-sensilla-of-the-adult-diving-beetle-cybister-japonicus-sharp
#19
Li-Mei Song, Xue-Min Wang, Jian-Ping Huang, Fang Zhu, Xiang Jiang, Shan-Gan Zhang, Li-Ping Ban
The morphology and distribution of the antennal sensilla of adult diving beetle Cybister japonicus Sharp (Dytiscidae, Coleoptera), have been examined. Five types of sensilla on the antennae were identified by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Sensilla placodea and elongated s. placodea are the most abundant types of sensilla, distributing only on the flagellum. Both these types of sensilla carry multiple pore systems with a typical function as chemoreceptors. Three types of s...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351410/cognitive-behavioral-rehabilitation-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-bipolar-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Bernardo Carramão Gomes, Cristiana Castanho Rocca, Gabriel Okawa Belizario, Beny Lafer
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is commonly associated with cognitive and functional impairments even during remission periods, and although a growing number of studies have demonstrated the benefits of psychotherapy as an add-on to pharmacological treatment, its effectiveness appears to be less compelling in severe presentations of the disorder. New interventions have attempted to improve cognitive functioning in BD patients, but results have been mixed. METHODS: The study consists of a clinical trial comparing a new structured group intervention, called "Cognitive-Behavioral Rehabilitation," with treatment as usual (TAU) for bipolar patients...
March 28, 2017: Trials
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