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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465902/-the-facets-of-creativity-in-the-light-of-bipolar-mood-alterations
#1
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450640/incidence-of-perioperative-complications-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#2
Tankamani Sharma, Wolfgang Hönle, René Handschu, Werner Adler, Tarun Goyal, Alexander Schuh
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the difference in perioperative complication rate in total hip, bipolar hemiarthroplasties and total knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease in trauma and elective surgery in our Musculoskeletal Center during a period of 10 years. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Between 2006 and 2016, 45 bipolar hemiarthroplasties in trauma surgery, 15 total knee and 19 total hip arthroplasties in patients with Parkinson's disease were performed...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446216/bipolar-ii-should-only-exist-if-we-can-actually-study-treatments-of-it-otherwise-what-purpose-does-it-serve
#3
Michael J Ostacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441712/effectiveness-of-maintenance-therapy-of-lithium-vs-other-mood-stabilizers-in-monotherapy-and-in-combinations-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-observational-studies
#4
REVIEW
Lars Vedel Kessing, Michael Bauer, Willem A Nolen, Emanuel Severus, Guy M Goodwin, John Geddes
OBJECTIVES: For the first time to present a systematic review of observational studies on the efficiency of lithium monotherapy in comparison with other maintenance mood stabilizers in monotherapy and in combination. METHODS: As part of the International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) Task Force on Lithium Treatment, we undertook a systematic literature search of non-randomized controlled observational studies on (i) lithium monotherapy vs treatment with another maintenance mood stabilizer in monotherapy and (ii) lithium in combination with other mood stabilizers vs monotherapy...
February 14, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441710/olfactory-processing-in-bipolar-disorder-major-depression-and-anxiety
#5
Vidyulata Kamath, Diana Paksarian, Lihong Cui, Paul J Moberg, Bruce I Turetsky, Kathleen R Merikangas
OBJECTIVES: Although olfactory abnormalities are well established in schizophrenia, considerably less work has examined olfactory performance in other neuropsychiatric conditions. In the current study, we examined odor identification, odor discrimination, detection threshold, and odor hedonic processing performance in individuals with bipolar I disorder (n = 43; n = 13 with psychotic features), bipolar II disorder (n = 48), major depressive disorder (MDD) (n = 134), anxiety (n = 48), and no mental disorder (n = 72) who participated in a community-based family study...
February 13, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441653/cognitive-control-under-stressful-conditions-in-transitional-age-youth-with-bipolar-disorder-diagnostic-and-sleep-related-differences-in-fronto-limbic-activation-patterns
#6
Adriane M Soehner, Tina R Goldstein, Sarah M Gratzmiller, Mary L Phillips, Peter L Franzen
OBJECTIVES: Adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display aberrant activation in fronto-limbic neural circuitry during cognitive control. However, fronto-limbic response to cognitive control, and factors destabilizing this circuitry, remain under-studied during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood in BD. Sleep patterns are disturbed in BD, undergo change in adolescence, and support brain function. Among transitional age youth, BD diagnosis and sleep (duration and variability) were tested as predictors of fronto-limbic response to a stressful cognitive control task...
February 13, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437752/towards-high-quality-useful-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-mental-health-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-exercise
#7
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433610/accuracy-of-the-whooley-questions-and-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-identifying-depression-and-other-mental-disorders-in-early-pregnancy
#8
Louise Michele Howard, Elizabeth G Ryan, Kylee Trevillion, Fraser Anderson, Debra Bick, Amanda Bye, Sarah Byford, Sheila O'Connor, Polly Sands, Jill Demilew, Jeannette Milgrom, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the prevalence and identification of antenatal mental disorders. Aims To investigate the prevalence of mental disorders in early pregnancy and the diagnostic accuracy of depression-screening (Whooley) questions compared with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), against the Structured Clinical Interview DSM-IV-TR. METHOD: Cross-sectional survey of women responding to Whooley questions asked at their first antenatal appointment...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425665/newly-diagnosed-bipolar-disorder-and-the-subsequent-risk-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Po-Hsun Hou, Frank Chiahung Mao, Geng-Ruei Chang, Min-Wei Huang, Yao-Ting Wang, Shiau-Shian Huang
BACKGROUND: Although erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common problem in men with mental disorders, there are few reports in the literature on the relation between bipolar disorder (BD) and ED. AIMS: To establish the incidence rate of ED in men with BD and assess the risk of ED in patients with BD according to type of treatment offered or no active treatment with medication during the 1st year of onset. METHODS: We identified 5,150 men with newly diagnosed BD using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
February 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425204/the-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-polymorphisms-on-neuropsychological-performance-in-bipolar-ii-disorder-with-or-without-comorbid-anxiety-disorder
#10
Ru-Band Lu, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Tzu-Yun Wang, Sheng-Yu Lee, Po See Chen, Yen Kuang Yang
Anxiety disorders (ADs), the most common comorbid illnesses with bipolar disorder (BP) has been reported to associate with dopamine system. Dopamine, metabolized to 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) by aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), and the distribution of the ALDH2*1/*1, and ALDH2*1/*2+ALDH*2/*2 alleles in the Han Chinese general population is relatively equal. The association between dopamine metabolic enzymes and cognitive performance in patients with bipolar II disorder (BP-II) comorbid with AD is unclear...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424148/-clinical-analysis-of-lpfp-pfna-and-bph-in-treating-femoral-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#11
Li-Jun Zhu, Xiao-Fei Li, Chao Liu, Cheng-Yu Lyu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical results of locking proximal femur plate(LPFP), proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) and bipolar hemiarthroplasty(BPH) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the 86 elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures during June 2011 and August 2016 were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into 3 groups: 26 cases in LPFP group included 10 males and 16 females with an average age of (72...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408159/a-naturalistic-exploratory-study-of-obsessive-compulsive-bipolar-comorbidity-in-youth
#12
Gabriele Masi, Stefano Berloffa, Maria Mucci, Chiara Pfanner, Giulia D'Acunto, Francesca Lenzi, Francesca Liboni, Azzurra Manfredi, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence supports the comorbidity between bipolar disorder (BD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents. Our aim is to further explore clinical and treatment implications of this comorbidity, as it appears in clinical practice. METHOD: The sample included 429 consecutive patients with BD and/or OCD as primary diagnoses, followed for a mean period of 6 months (range 4-9 months), 172 with BD (102 males, mean age 13.7±2...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405754/developing-dimensional-pandiagnostic-inhibitory-control-constructs-with-self-report-and-neuropsychological-data
#13
Natania A Crane, Alvaro Vergés, Masoud Kamali, Runa Bhaumik, Kelly A Ryan, David F Marshall, Erika F H Saunders, Michelle T Kassel, Anne L Weldon, Melvin G McInnis, Scott A Langenecker
Trait markers, or intermediate phenotypes linking different units of analysis (self-report, performance) from the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) matrix across populations is a necessary step in identifying at-risk individuals. In the current study, 150 healthy controls (HC) and 456 individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) Type I or II, NOS (not otherwise specified) or Schizoaffective BD completed self-report neuropsychological tests of inhibitory control (IC) and executive functioning. Bifactor analyses were used to examine the factor structure of these measures and to evaluate for invariance across groups...
February 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389150/family-communication-with-teens-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-or-bipolar-disorder
#14
Julia M Salinger, Mary P O'Brien, David J Miklowitz, Sarah E Marvin, Tyrone D Cannon
Previous research has found that family problem-solving interactions are more constructive and less contentious when there is a family member with bipolar disorder compared with schizophrenia. The present study extended this research by examining whether family problem-solving interactions differ between clinical high-risk (CHR) stages of each illness. Trained coders applied a behavioral coding system (O'Brien et al., 2014) to problem-solving interactions of parents and their adolescent child, conducted just prior to beginning a randomized trial of family-focused therapy...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382902/cognitive-impairment-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-bipolar-ii-and-unipolar-depression
#15
Arthur D P Mak, Domily T Y Lau, Alicia K W Chan, Suzanne H W So, Owen Leung, Sheila L Y Wong, Linda Lam, C M Leung, Sing Lee
Cognition dysfunction may reflect trait characteristics of bipolarity but cognitive effects of medications have confounded previous comparisons of cognitive function between bipolar II and unipolar depression, which are distinct clinical disorders with some overlaps. Therefore, we examined the executive function (WCST), attention, cognitive speed (TMT-A) and memory (CAVLT, WMS-Visual reproduction) of 20 treatment-naïve bipolar II patients (BPII), 35 treatment-naïve unipolar depressed (UD) patients, and 35 age/sex/education matched healthy controls...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382049/nicotinic-acid-long-term-effectiveness-in-a-patient-with-bipolar-type-ii-disorder-a-case-of-vitamin-dependency
#16
Bo H Jonsson
Nicotinic acid (NA), often called niacin, a form of vitamin B₃, is a water-soluble nutrient found in animal and vegetarian foods. Vitamin B₃ for healthy people is considered to be needed in doses of less than 20 mg daily. In higher doses, NA has been described to be beneficial in some patients with psychiatric disorders. This report describes a male patient with bipolar type II disorder who for many years had been treated with lithium and other medications applied in affective disorders. These pharmacological drugs had beneficial effects but were at times insufficient...
January 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369448/prevalence-of-axis-ii-comorbidities-in-bipolar-disorder-relationship-to-mood-state
#17
REVIEW
Robert M Post, Gabriele S Leverich, Susan McElroy, Ralph Kupka, Trisha Suppes, Lori Altshuler, Willem Nolen, Mark Frye, Paul Keck, Heinz Grunze, Gerhard Hellemann
OBJECTIVES: A high incidence of Axis II personality disorders is described in patients with bipolar disorder; however, their relationship to mood state remains uncertain. METHODS: A total of 966 outpatients with bipolar disorder gave informed consent and filled out the Personality Disorder Questionnaire, 4th edition (PDQ4) and a questionnaire on demographics and course of illness prior to Bipolar Treatment Outcome Network entry at average age 41 years. Patients were rated at each visit for depression on the Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Clinician version (IDS-C) and for mania on the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)...
January 25, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366849/disability-and-common-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative-portugal
#18
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Daniel Neto, Manuela Silva, Graça Cardoso, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are highly prevalent and disabling, leading to substantial individual and societal costs. This study aims to characterize the association between disability and common mental disorders in Portugal, using epidemiological data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative. METHODS: Twelve-month common mental disorders were assessed with the CIDI 3.0. Disability was evaluated with the modified WMHS WHODAS-II. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between disability and each disorder or diagnostic category (mood or anxiety disorders)...
January 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360061/pulse-steroid-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-mood-changes-an-exploratory-prospective-study
#19
Lorena Lorefice, Giuseppe Fenu, Michela Fois, Jessica Frau, Giancarlo Coghe, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: Several reports suggest a higher risk of psychiatric disorders after high-dose corticosteroids (HDC), routinely used to treat clinical relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS). The present study aimed to examine the possible effect of HDC on mood in patients with MS and to determine the specific factors that influence mood changes. METHODS: The study included MS patients prior to receive HDC. The presence of depressive and bipolar symptoms was determined with the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) and the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ)...
January 18, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352395/association-between-crp-genetic-diversity-and-bipolar-disorder-comorbid-complications
#20
Wahid Boukouaci, José Oliveira, Bruno Etain, Meriem Bennabi, Christina Mariaselvam, Nora Hamdani, Céline Manier, Djaouida Bengoufa, Frank Bellivier, Chantal Henry, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Dominique Charron, Rajagopal Krishnamoorthy, Marion Leboyer, Ryad Tamouza
BACKGROUND: Chronic low-grade inflammation is believed to contribute, at least in a subset of patients, to the development of bipolar disorder (BD). In this context, the most investigated biological marker is the acute phase response molecule, C-reactive protein (CRP). While the genetic diversity of CRP was amply studied in various pathological settings, little is known in BD. METHODS: 568 BD patients along with 163 healthy controls (HC) were genotyped for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the CRP gene: intron rs1417938 (+ 29) T/A, 3'-UTR rs1130864 (+ 1444) G/A, and downstream rs1205 (+ 1846) (C/T)...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
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