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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044718/child-and-family-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-applications-for-suicide-prevention
#1
Sally M Weinstein, Rick A Cruz, Ashley R Isaia, Amy T Peters, Amy E West
Despite high rates of suicide ideation (SI) and behavior in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), little work has examined how psychosocial interventions impact suicidality among this high-risk group. The current study examined SI outcomes in a randomized clinical trial comparing Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) for PBD versus psychotherapy treatment-as-usual (TAU). Although not designed for suicide prevention, CFF-CBT addresses child and family factors related to suicide risk and thus was hypothesized to generalize to the treatment of suicidality...
October 16, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035730/features-of-mood-associated-with-high-body-weight-in-females-with-fibromyalgia
#2
Alessandra Alciati, Fabiola Atzeni, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Jules Angst, Giampaolo Perna
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common syndrome whose main characteristic is chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, the severity of which is frequently worsened by concomitant obesity. Major depression (MD), particularly as part of a bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD), is associated with both obesity and FM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between lifetime MD, hypomanic symptoms and the body mass index (BMI) in patients with FM. METHOD: Of the 115 patients originally screened, 87 women with FM finally entered the study...
September 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030710/comparison-of-functional-outcome-of-bipolar-hip-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-replacement-in-displaced-femoral-neck-fractures-in-elderly-in-a-developing-country-a-2-year-prospective-study
#3
Jayesh Chandrakant Sonaje, Pradeep Kumar Meena, Ramesh Chandra Bansiwal, Sandesh Satish Bobade
PURPOSE: To compare the short-term functional outcome between bipolar hip arthroplasty (BHA) and total hip replacement (THR) in displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients in a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted which included a total of 42 patients of age more than 60 years with closed displaced femoral neck fractures, and the patients were randomized into two groups of 21 patients each and their outcomes were compared...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022840/irritable-temperament-and-lifetime-psychotic-symptoms-as-predictors-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#4
Gianluca Serafini, Pierre A Geoffroy, Andrea Aguglia, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
PURPOSE: Affective temperaments, hopelessness, alexithymia, and anxiety/agitation symptoms may play a significant role in the psychopathological characteristics of bipolar disorder (BD). Here, we aimed to investigate the eventual association between the mentioned explanatory variables and anxiety/agitation symptoms in BD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited at the Section of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, University of Genoa (Italy), 92 BD inpatients having a mean age of 52 (±13...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017067/clinically-relevant-response-and-remission-outcomes-in-cariprazine-treated-patients-with-bipolar-i-disorder
#5
Willie Earley, Suresh Durgam, Kaifeng Lu, Adam Ruth, György Németh, István Laszlovszky, Lakshmi N Yatham
BACKGROUND: Rates of response and remission are measures that endorse the clinical significance of treatment. Cariprazine is FDA approved for the acute treatment of schizophrenia and manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder in adults. Post hoc analyses of pooled data from 3 pivotal trials of cariprazine in manic/mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder were conducted to investigate the effect of cariprazine on various criteria of response and remission. METHODS: The constituent studies were 3-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, parallel-group phase II/III studies in adult patients (age 18-65 years) with bipolar I disorder (NCT00488618, NCT01058096, NCT01058668)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994517/the-impact-of-obesity-on-cognitive-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#6
Ester Mora, Maria J Portella, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Montse Teres, Irene Forcada, Eduard Vieta, Maria Mur
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on cognition in euthymic bipolar patients and healthy matched controls in a post hoc study of 2 cross-sectional and longitudinal exploratory studies. METHOD: A total sample of 121 individuals was examined, which included 52 euthymic bipolar disorder I or II patients (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and 69 healthy controls matched by age and gender, categorized in 2 subgroups in terms of body mass index (BMI-factor): normal weight (BMI: 18...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982047/rehospitalization-and-suicide-following-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-bipolar-depression-a-population-based-register-study
#7
Katarzyna Popiolek, Ole Brus, Tove Elvin, Mikael Landén, Johan Lundberg, Pia Nordanskog, Axel Nordenskjöld
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in bipolar depression, but relapse is common. The aim of the study was (i) to identify prognostic factors (ii) and to determine the impact of pharmacological approaches on the risk for rehospitalization or suicide. METHODS: This register study analyzed data from individuals treated with inpatient ECT for bipolar depression. Subjects were identified using the Swedish National Patient Register between 2011 and 2014 and the Swedish National Quality Register for ECT...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979648/screening-of-the-unrecognised-bipolar-disorders-among-outpatients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study-in-psychiatric-hospital-in-morocco
#8
Oneib Bouchra, Sabir Maria, Ouanass Abderazak
The bipolar disorder is often misdiagnosed in particular among outpatients with recurrent depression. Indeed, this work confirmed that the unrecognised bipolar disorder is common among depressed outpatients, which were younger, unemployed, single or divorced with a low socio-economic level. These socio-demographics data gives us an idea about the disability experienced by the unknown bipolar patients. Also, we demonstrate that the under-diagnosis bipolar disorder was associated with the earliest onset age of a depressive episode and it was more prevalent in depressed patients with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972930/insomnia-and-hypersomnia-in-major-depressive-episode-prevalence-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-a-population-based-study
#9
Pierre A Geoffroy, Nicolas Hoertel, Bruno Etain, Frank Bellivier, Richard Delorme, Frédéric Limosin, Hugo Peyre
OBJECTIVES: To examine (i) the frequency of different sleep complaints (early wake-up, trouble falling asleep, hypersomnia) and their co-occurrence and (ii) the sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity associated with each type of sleep profiles. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Wave 2 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a nationally representative survey of the US adult population (wave 1, 2001-2002; wave 2, 2004-2005)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969860/what-your-eyes-tell-me-theory-of-mind-in-bipolar-disorder
#10
Usue Espinós, Enrique García Fernández-Abascal, Mercedes Ovejero
The aim of this study was to assess social- perceptual Theory of Mind in bipolar disorder (BD). 112 euthymic participants with BD I or BD II (65 with BD I and 47 with BD II) were compared to a group of 112 persons with no psychiatric diagnosis and 43 with unipolar depression (UD). They completed the task of the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" (RMET). The results show that participants with BD, I and II, as well as the group with UD performed significantly more poorly than the control group. As for the wrong answers, BDs mostly chose positive valence stimuli, while the UD group chose negative valence items...
September 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969438/adjunctive-bright-light-therapy-for-bipolar-depression-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Dorothy K Sit, James McGowan, Christopher Wiltrout, Rasim Somer Diler, John Jesse Dills, James Luther, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Howard Seltman, Stephen R Wisniewski, Michael Terman, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: Patients with bipolar disorder have recurrent major depression, residual mood symptoms, and limited treatment options. Building on promising pilot data, the authors conducted a 6-week randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of adjunctive bright light therapy at midday for bipolar depression. The aims were to determine remission rate, depression symptom level, and rate of mood polarity switch, as well as to explore sleep quality. METHOD: The study enrolled depressed adults with bipolar I or II disorder who were receiving stable dosages of antimanic medication (excluding patients with hypomania or mania, mixed symptoms, or rapid cycling)...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968513/prevalences-of-autoimmune-diseases-in-schizophrenia-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorder-and-controls
#12
Laura Cremaschi, Mathias Kardell, Viktoria Johansson, Anniella Isgren, Carl M Sellgren, A Carlo Altamura, Christina M Hultman, Mikael Landén
Previous studies on the relationship between autoimmune diseases, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder are mainly based on hospital discharge registers with insufficient coverage of outpatient data. Furthermore, data is scant on the prevalence of autoimmune diseases in bipolar subgroups. Here we estimate the self-reported prevalences of autoimmune diseases in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder type I and II, and controls. Lifetime prevalence of autoimmune diseases was assessed through a structured interview in a sample of 9076 patients (schizophrenia N = 5278, bipolar disorder type I N = 1952, type II N = 1846) and 6485 controls...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966598/verbal-memory-impairment-in-patients-with-subsyndromal-bipolar-disorder
#13
Tomiki Sumiyoshi, Atsuhito Toyomaki, Naoko Kawano, Tomoko Kitajima, Ichiro Kusumi, Norio Ozaki, Nakao Iwata, Kazuki Sueyoshi, Kazuyuki Nakagome
BACKGROUNDS: Several domains of cognitive function, including learning memory and executive function, are impaired in mood disorders. Also, the relationship between disturbances of these two cognitive domains has been suggested. In line with the recent initiative to establish a standard measure of cognitive decline in bipolar disorder, the present study was conducted to (1) test the criterion-related validity and test-retest reliability of the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT)-II Japanese version, and (2) determine if type of word learning tasks (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960669/large-scale-network-functional-interactions-during-distraction-and-reappraisal-in-remitted-bipolar-and-unipolar-patients
#14
Giannis Lois, Martin F Gerchen, Peter Kirsch, Philipp Kanske, Sandra Schönfelder, Michèle Wessa
OBJECTIVES: The human brain is organized into large-scale networks that dynamically interact with each other. Extensive evidence has shown characteristic changes in certain large-scale networks during transitions from internally directed to externally directed attention. The aim of the present study was to compare these context-dependent network interactions during emotion regulation and to examine potential alterations in remitted unipolar and bipolar disorder patients. METHODS: We employed a multi-region generalized psychophysiological interactions analysis to quantify connectivity changes during distraction vs reappraisal pair-wise across 90 regions placed throughout the four networks of interest (default-mode, frontoparietal, salience, and dorsal attention networks)...
September 27, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949313/dyadic-adjustment-among-healthy-spouses-of-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorder-patients
#15
Aleksandra Arciszewska, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the total dyadic adjustment (including satisfaction, cohesion, consensus and affectional expression) among spouses of bipolar patients with I and II subtypes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 82 subjects (46 women/ 36men) were enrolled in the study - 50 spouses of bipolar I (BD I) patients and 32 spouses of bipolar II (BD II) patients. We used an interview, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS), and a questionnaire including questions concerning basic socio-demographic data, the duration of marriage, as well as information about the patient's illness...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944443/the-relationship-between-self-reported-borderline-personality-features-and-prospective-illness-course-in-bipolar-disorder
#16
Georg Riemann, Nadine Weisscher, Robert M Post, Lori Altshuler, Susan McElroy, Marc A Frye, Paul E Keck, Gabriele S Leverich, Trisha Suppes, Heinz Grunze, Willem A Nolen, Ralph W Kupka
BACKGROUND: Although bipolar disorder (BD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) share clinical characteristics and frequently co-occur, their interrelationship is controversial. Especially, the differentiation of rapid cycling BD and BPD can be troublesome. This study investigates the relationship between borderline personality features (BPF) and prospective illness course in patients with BD, and explores the effects of current mood state on self-reported BPF profiles. METHODS: The study included 375 patients who participated in the former Stanley Foundation Bipolar Network...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942591/a-novel-vaporization-enucleation-technique-for-benign-prostate-hyperplasia-using-120-w-hps-greenlight%C3%A2-laser-seoul-technique-ii-in-comparison-with-vaporization-and-previously-reported-modified-vaporization-resection-technique
#17
Sangjun Yoo, Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Min Chul Cho, Hyeon Jeong, Hwancheol Son
PURPOSE: We developed a novel vaporization-enucleation technique (Seoul II), which consists of vaporization-enucleation of the prostate using 120-W HPS GreenLight laser, and enucleated prostate resection using bipolar devices for tissue removal. We compared the outcomes of the Seoul II with vaporization and a previously reported modified vaporization-resection technique (Seoul I). METHODS: Among patients with benign prostate hyperplasia who underwent transurethral surgery using GreenLight laser at our institute, 347 patients with prostate volume ≥ 40 ml were included...
September 23, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922738/mixed-symptoms-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Gustavo H Vázquez, María Lolich, Casimiro Cabrera, Ruzica Jokic, Dusan Kolar, Leonardo Tondo, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: The DSM-5 mixed features specifier for mood disorders encourages renewed interest in mixed states and led us to pool research findings regarding prevalence of mixed features in episodes of major depressive (MDD) and bipolar disorders (BD). METHODS: We systematically searched to July 2017 for reports on mixed symptoms in depressive episodes of MDD and in depression and mania or hypomania in types I and II BD. For primary mood-states and diagnostic groups we compared rates of the presence of mixed symptoms: as defined by DSM-5 (≥3 features opposite to the dominant mood-polarity but not overlapping those of the primary disorder) or as having any ≥3 features of opposite polarity...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918417/-clinical-features-of-psychotic-and-non-psychotic-bipolar-patients
#19
Zsuzsanna Belteczki, Zoltan Rihmer, Julia Ujvari
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms are common in the case of manic, depressive and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder; however, the assessment of delusions and hallucinations is frequently improper, thus the patients presenting also psychotic symptoms are treated based on their diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or paranoia. Psychotic symptoms in bipolar disorder result less favourable outcomes and course of illness. METHODS: 365 patients (106 males, 259 females) were hospitalized in or institution from January 1st 2015 to September 30th 2016, who were diagnosed with bipolar disorder according to the ICD-10 criteria...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918106/patients%C3%AC-experiences-of-patient-education-on-psychiatric-inpatient-wards-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
S T Kristiansen, P Videbech, M Kragh, C N Thisted, M B Bjerrum
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on how patients with serious mental disorders perceived patient education on psychiatric wards and to learn more about the patient perceived benefits and limitations related to patient education and how well patient education meets the perceived needs of inpatients. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data were categorized and synthesized. A systematic literature search was conducted. Articles were validated using validated critical appraisal tools...
September 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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