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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107741/building-related-symptoms-are-linked-to-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-indoor-dust-and-airborne-microbial-propagules-in-schools-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
J T Salin, M Salkinoja-Salonen, P J Salin, K Nelo, T Holma, P Ohtonen, H Syrjälä
INTRODUCTION: Indoor microbial toxicity is suspected to cause some building-related symptoms, but supporting epidemiological data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the in vitro toxicity of indoor samples from school buildings was associated with work-related health symptoms (building-related symptoms, BRS). METHODS: Administrators of the Helsinki City Real Estate Department selected 15 schools for the study, and a questionnaire on symptoms connected to work was sent to the teachers in the selected schools for voluntary completion...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106617/determinants-of-health-knowledge-and-health-perceptions-from-the-perspective-of-health-related-education-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#3
Piotr Tederko, Tomasz Krasuski, Marek Krasuski, Alicja Długołęcka, Beata Tarnacka
Appropriate health knowledge (HK) and health perceptions (HP) of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) are linked to health-related behaviors, compliance, the involvement of caregivers and efficacy of prophylaxis, and management of secondary conditions. The significance of factors determining the efficacy of educational interventions in patients with SCI is underestimated. This systematic literature review aims at identification of determinants of HK and HP among patients with SCI. We identified 16 papers with quantitative HK and HP measurements conclusive in the identification of HK and HP determinants in individuals with SCI...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106604/informatics-competencies-in-connected-health-annotated-bibliography
#4
William Goossen
In this book it is of course impossible to be complete on all competencies publications, or all relevant subjects. For that reason the Post Conference Team decided to have some pages of the book reserved for annotations. An annotation is seen as a short reference to another topic or publication, not included in this book, and a brief motivation from one of us, why this might be of interest to the readers.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106595/nursing-competencies-for-multiple-modalities-of-connected-health-technologies
#5
Kaija Saranto, Charlene Ronquillo, Olivia Velez
An overview of the rapid and diverse number developments in health information technologies (HIT) in recent years are described in this chapter and the move towards more integrated and connected health is described. The evolution of HIT is described as it has increased in complexity, diversity, connectivity, and more recently, the move towards multiple modalities. Examples of developments in various settings are represented from clinical settings, at home, and in low-resource settings. The implications of the move towards multiple modalities for nursing competencies and the move towards personalized and connected health are discussed, highlighting important areas for consideration and development in the future...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106594/big-data-and-nursing-implications-for-the-future
#6
Maxim Topaz, Lisiane Pruinelli
Big data is becoming increasingly more prevalent and it affects the way nurses learn, practice, conduct research and develop policy. The discipline of nursing needs to maximize the benefits of big data to advance the vision of promoting human health and wellbeing. However, current practicing nurses, educators and nurse scientists often lack the required skills and competencies necessary for meaningful use of big data. Some of the key skills for further development include the ability to mine narrative and structured data for new care or outcome patterns, effective data visualization techniques, and further integration of nursing sensitive data into artificial intelligence systems for better clinical decision support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106592/semanticification-in-connected-health
#7
Anneke Goossen-Baremans, Sarah Collins, Hyeoun-Ae Park
The purpose of the implementation of nursing terminologies is to capture and process meaningful health data wherein facts about patients and nursing care can be recorded and inferences for nursing care, patient outcomes and associations with all care delivered by the interprofessional team can be made. This paper describes the clinical information landscape, implementation of semantic content, and competencies required for nurses. Health data can be outlined in a high level clinical information ecosystem where nursing terminologies can be represented for implementation...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106586/competencies-related-to-informatics-and-information-management-for-practicing-nurses-in-select-countries-in-asia
#8
Ying Wu, Yanling Wang, Meihua Ji
The advancement of information and communication technology have enabled nurses to practice more effectively, efficiently, and safely. This chapter introduces nursing informatics competency and information management competency for nurses in China (including Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan), India, Japan, Korea, and Singapore. Most countries in Asia are still in the process of developing and standardizing competences that are relevant to nurses and those specialized in nursing informatics. The level and content of nursing informatics offered in entry-to-practice nursing education programs varies greatly...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106579/the-shifting-sands-of-nursing-informatics-education-from-content-to-connectivity
#9
Michelle Honey, Paula Procter
This chapter considers the development of nurse education over the past 50 years and ventures a view towards 2020. A link will be made to the introduction of informatics to nursing curricula. It is clear when looking over the recent history of nurse education that it has moved from a medical model and content driven apprentice mode to that of a reflective agile professional mode where autonomous practice allows for collaboration in care and connectivity between health professionals. Parallel to these pedagogical changes are the introduction of informatics across healthcare, starting with computer skills and moving through information management to decision support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106577/nursing-informatics-education-from-automation-to-connected-care
#10
Diane J Skiba
The use of health information technologies has evolved over the last 50 years. These technologies have moved from the automation of data and data processing to connected care tools that are part of a health care ecosystem that provides the best care at the point of care. To correspondence with the evolution of technologies and their disruptions within the health care delivery system, there is a need to re-examine the necessary competencies of health care professionals.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106575/introduction-forecasting-informatics-competencies-for-nurses-in-the-future-of-connected-health
#11
Judy Murphy, William Goossen
This introduction to the book discusses how the topic of competencies for nurses in a world of connected health needs to be addressed at the curriculum level to achieve the specific competencies for various roles, including practicing nurse, nurse teacher, nurse leader, and nursing informatics specialists. It looks back at milestone publications from the international Nursing Informatics post conferences that still serve a purpose for inspiring developments today and looks forward to the way nurses can use connected health to improve the health and health care for their patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106511/telementoring-primary-care-clinicians-to-improve-geriatric-mental-health-care
#12
Elisa Fisher, Michael Hasselberg, Yeates Conwell, Linda Weiss, Norma A Padrón, Erin Tiernan, Jurgis Karuza, Jeremy Donath, José A Pagán
Health care delivery and payment systems are moving rapidly toward value-based care. To be successful in this new environment, providers must consistently deliver high-quality, evidence-based, and coordinated care to patients. This study assesses whether Project ECHO(®) (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) GEMH (geriatric mental health)-a remote learning and mentoring program-is an effective strategy to address geriatric mental health challenges in rural and underserved communities. Thirty-three teleECHO clinic sessions connecting a team of specialists to 54 primary care and case management spoke sites (approximately 154 participants) were conducted in 10 New York counties from late 2014 to early 2016...
January 20, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#13
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104778/probiotic-strains-modulate-cytokine-production-and-the-immune-interplay-between-human-peripheral-blood-mononucear-cells-and-colon-cancer-cells
#14
Meir Djaldetti, Hanna Bessler
BACKGROUND: Human health is tightly connected with a great number of gut microbial cells designated as microbiome or microbiota. We have examined the effect of six microbial strains (MS) included in a commercial probiotic on cytokine production by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and on their immune dialog with colon carcinoma cells. METHODS: Non-stimulated and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated PBMC were incubated for 24 hours with MS. The secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), IL-1β, IL-6, interferon gamma (IFNγ), IL-10, and IL-1ra, as well as the effect of MS on the immune interplay between PBMC and cells from HT-29 and RKO colon carcinoma lines were evaluated...
January 18, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104381/five-cases-of-acute-zika-virus-infection-in-french-women-of-reproductive-age-returning-from-central-and-south-america
#15
P Penot, S Balavoine, A Leplatois, S Brichler, I Leparc-Goffart, A-C Alloui, O Flusin, J Guilleminot, M Amellou, J-M Molina
INTRODUCTION: The favorable season for Aedes albopictus circulation has started in Europe and may lead to autochthonous transmission of Zika virus. Health care providers should be familiar with evocative clinical presentations and able to give updated information to women of reproductive age infected by Zika virus. OBSERVATIONS: We report five laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infections imported to metropolitan France from Central and South America between January and April, 2016...
January 16, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103881/influence-of-social-support-and-rearing-behavior-on-psychosocial-health-in-left-behind-children
#16
Haiyan Xing, Wei Yu, Fengjiao Xu, Sanmei Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine psychological health of left-behind children (LBC), social support and rearing behavior towards LBC as well as their correlations in the city of Shaoxing, China. METHODS: By stratified sampling, 401 LBC and 527 non-left-behind children (NLBC) had completed the questionnaires in 2014. Spearman's correlation was performed to clarify the relationship between psychological health, social support and rearing behavior in LBC...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103212/coverage-with-tetanus-diphtheria-and-acellular-pertussis-vaccine-and-influenza-vaccine-among-pregnant-women-minnesota-march-2013-december-2014
#17
Alexandra Barber, Miriam Halstead Muscoplat, Anna Fedorowicz
Pertussis and influenza infections can result in severe disease in infants. The diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine is recommended for infants beginning at age 2 months, and influenza vaccine is recommended for infants aged ≥6 months. Vaccination of pregnant women induces the production of antibodies that are transferred across the placenta to the fetus and provide passive protection until infants are old enough to receive DTaP and influenza vaccines (1-3). To protect young infants before they are age-eligible for vaccination, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended since 2004 that all women who are or will be pregnant during influenza season receive inactivated influenza vaccine (1), and since 2013 that all pregnant women receive the tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine (3)...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103073/multilevel-prevention-trial-of-alcohol-use-among-american-indian-and-white-high-school-students-in-the-cherokee-nation
#18
Kelli A Komro, Melvin D Livingston, Alexander C Wagenaar, Terrence K Kominsky, Dallas W Pettigrew, Brady A Garrett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multilevel intervention designed to prevent underage alcohol use among youths living in the Cherokee Nation. METHODS: We randomly assigned 6 communities to a control, Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol (CMCA; a community-organizing intervention targeting alcohol access) only, CONNECT (a school-based universal screening and brief intervention) only, or a combined condition. We collected quarterly surveys 2012-2015 from students starting in 9th and 10th grades and ending in 11th and 12th grades...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102621/editorial-perspective-effective-mental-health-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-in-street-situations
#19
EDITORIAL
Cynthia Watters
Children and adolescents in street situations (CASS) in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC) could arguably be regarded as the most at-risk group of children for mental health and psychosocial impairments compared with any other group of children. CASS, street-connected children and street children are some of the terms used to describe this group of children who have some association with the street; such as living, working or loitering for long periods of time on the street. These children are often described as 'voiceless'; a vulnerable group of children who experience a considerable amount of adversity from a young age...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102548/the-shade-avoidance-syndrome-multiple-signals-and-ecological-consequences
#20
REVIEW
Carlos L Ballaré, Ronald Pierik
Plants use photoreceptor proteins to detect the proximity of other plants and to activate adaptive responses. Of these photoreceptors, phytochrome B (phyB), which is sensitive to changes in the red (R) to far-red (FR) ratio of sunlight, is the one that has been studied in greatest detail. The molecular connections between the proximity signal (low R:FR) and a model physiological response (increased elongation growth) have now been mapped in considerable detail in Arabidopsis seedlings. We briefly review our current understanding of these connections, and discuss recent progress in establishing the roles of other photoreceptors in regulating growth-related pathways in response to competition cues...
January 19, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
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