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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776980/free-tax-services-in-pediatric-clinics
#1
Lucy E Marcil, Michael K Hole, Larissa M Wenren, Megan S Schuler, Barry S Zuckerman, Robert J Vinci
OBJECTIVES: The earned income tax credit (EITC), refundable monies for America's working poor, is associated with improved child health. Yet, 20% of eligible families do not receive it. We provided free tax preparation services in clinics serving low-income families and assessed use, financial impact, and accuracy. METHODS: Free tax preparation services ("StreetCred") were available at 4 clinics in Boston in 2016 and 2017. We surveyed a convenience sample of clients ( n = 244) about experiences with StreetCred and previous tax services and of nonparticipants ( n = 100; 69% response rate) and clinic staff ( n = 41; 48% response rate) about acceptability and feasibility...
May 18, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776474/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-overweight-hispanic-school-aged-children
#2
Kimberly R Hartson, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Claudia R Amura, Sarah Schmiege
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore potential correlates of physical activity and sedentary screen time behaviors among overweight Hispanic school-aged children, ages 7 to 14years. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an exploratory correlation analysis using baseline data of 40 child-parent dyads from the "Mind Exercise Nutrition Do It!" program conducted in the Western United States. RESULTS: Child self-esteem and parental vegetable intake were moderately associated with physical activity, while parental vegetable intake and child fruit intake were strongly associated with physical activity among males...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#3
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#4
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773941/periodontal-disease-and-diabetes-perceptions-communication-and-referral-between-rural-primary-care-physicians-and-dentists
#5
Paige M Fisketjon, Eric L Johnson
Background and objective: Connections between oral health and systemic disease, specifically diabetes, are well described in the literature. Screening strategies for diabetes in dental settings and dental screenings in diabetes care settings exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the communication and referral patterns between dentists and physicians in a rural state with respect to recognition of dental disease and diabetes. Methods: Surveys were sent to the members of the North Dakota Academy of Family Physicians, the North Dakota Medical Association, and the North Dakota Dental Association...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772560/impact-of-sugar-on-the-body-brain-and-behavior
#6
Clara R Freeman, Amna Zehra, Veronica Ramirez, Corinde E Wiers, Nora D Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang
Sugar is highly palatable and rewarding, both in its taste and nutritive input. Excessive sugar consumption, however, may trigger neuroadaptations in the reward system that decouple eating behavior from caloric needs and leads to compulsive overeating. Excessive sugar intake is in turn associated with adverse health conditions, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, and inflammatory diseases. This review aims to use recent evidence to connect sugar's impact on the body, brain, and behavior to elucidate how and why sugar consumption has been implicated in addictive behaviors and poor health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771740/closing-the-referral-loop-improving-ambulatory-referral-management-electronic-health-record-connectivity-and-care-coordination-processes
#7
Stephen L Davidow, Jignesh Sheth, Constance S Sixta, Linda Thomas-Hemak
More than 105 million referrals of Medicare beneficiaries to specialists occur annually. Different settings and electronic health records have made care coordination complex. PCPI (formerly American Medical Association-convened Physicians Consortium for Performance Improvement) and The Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education sponsored the Closing the Referral Loop pilot project. Twelve dyads of primary care and specialist physicians sought to improve ambulatory referrals by mapping the referral process, and using care compacts, metrics, and electronic health records...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771614/timely-granular-and-actionable-informatics-in-the-public-health-3-0-era
#8
Y Claire Wang, Karen DeSalvo
Ensuring the conditions for all people to be healthy, though always the core mission of public health, has evolved in approaches in response to the changing epidemiology and challenges. In the Public Health 3.0 era, multisectorial efforts are essential in addressing not only infectious or noncommunicable diseases but also upstream social determinants of health. In this article, we argue that actionable, geographically granular, and timely intelligence is an essential infrastructure for the protection of our health today...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771206/universal-healthcare-and-universal-basic-income
#9
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to draw parallels between universal basic income (UBI) and universal healthcare, highlighting their conceptual alignment and combined implications for health management and organization. Design/methodology/approach The idea that everyone should receive a set amount of money regardless of employment finds renewed momentum amid increasingly precarious work arrangements and an uncertain job market. Less explored, however, is the connection between this idea and the more established notion of universal healthcare...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770277/a-strategy-to-find-novel-candidate-anti-alzheimer-s-disease-drugs-by-constructing-interaction-networks-between-drug-targets-and-natural-compounds-in-medical-plants
#10
Bi-Wen Chen, Wen-Xing Li, Guang-Hui Wang, Gong-Hua Li, Jia-Qian Liu, Jun-Juan Zheng, Qian Wang, Hui-Juan Li, Shao-Xing Dai, Jing-Fei Huang
Background: Alzheimer' disease (AD) is an ultimately fatal degenerative brain disorder that has an increasingly large burden on health and social care systems. There are only five drugs for AD on the market, and no new effective medicines have been discovered for many years. Chinese medicinal plants have been used to treat diseases for thousands of years, and screening herbal remedies is a way to develop new drugs. Methods: We used molecular docking to screen 30,438 compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) against a comprehensive list of AD target proteins...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770238/charlson-comorbidity-index-as-a-predictor-of-periodontal-disease-in-elderly-participants
#11
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Kyu Choi, Seong-Nyum Jeong, Seong-Ho Choi
Purpose: This study investigated the validity of the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) as a predictor of periodontal disease (PD) over a 12-year period. Methods: Nationwide representative samples of 149,785 adults aged ≥60 years with PD (International Classification of Disease, 10th revision [ICD-10], K052-K056) were derived from the National Health Insurance Service-Elderly Cohort during 2002-2013. The degree of comorbidity was measured using the CCI (grade 0-6), including 17 diseases weighted on the basis of their association with mortality, and data were analyzed using multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression in order to investigate the associations of comorbid diseases (CDs) with PD...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770049/pan-canadian-framework-for-action-on-antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use
#12
(no author information available yet)
Antimicrobial-resistant infections are becoming more frequent and increasingly difficult to treat, and this situation is exacerbated by the widespread use of antimicrobials in both human and veterinary medicine and by the agriculture industry. As part of Canada's coordinated response to addressing antimicrobial resistance (AMR), Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Use: A Pan-Canadian Framework for Action, was released in September 2017. The Framework is a high-level policy document that outlines the strategic objectives, outcomes and opportunities to guide collaborative action on AMR and antimicrobial use (AMU)...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769257/optimum-hospice-at-home-services-for-end-of-life-care-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study-employing-realist-evaluation
#13
Claire Butler, Charlotte Brigden, Heather Gage, Peter Williams, Laura Holdsworth, Kay Greene, Bee Wee, Stephen Barclay, Patricia Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Hospice at home (HAH) services aim to enable patients to be cared for and die in their place of choice, if that is at home, and to achieve a 'good death'. There is a considerable range of HAH services operating in England. The published evidence focuses on evaluations of individual services which vary considerably, and there is a lack of consistency in terms of the outcome measures reported. The evidence, therefore, does not provide generalisable information, so the question 'What are the features of hospice at home service models that work, for whom, and under what circumstances?' remains unanswered...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769173/exploring-hospitals-use-of-facebook-thematic-analysis
#14
Nima Kordzadeh, Diana K Young
BACKGROUND: Although health care organizations such as hospitals and clinics have widely embraced social media as a means to educate the community on health topics and increase patient loyalty and satisfaction, little is known about the content these organizations actually share when using social media channels. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the types of content US hospitals post on their Facebook pages and how hospitals' Facebook activities differ with regard to content types...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769096/a-methodology-for-generating-a-tailored-implementation-blueprint-an-exemplar-from-a-youth-residential-setting
#15
Cara C Lewis, Kelli Scott, Brigid R Marriott
BACKGROUND: Tailored implementation approaches are touted as more likely to support the integration of evidence-based practices. However, to our knowledge, few methodologies for tailoring implementations exist. This manuscript will apply a model-driven, mixed methods approach to a needs assessment to identify the determinants of practice, and pilot a modified conjoint analysis method to generate an implementation blueprint using a case example of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) implementation in a youth residential center...
May 16, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769017/a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-the-health-needs-of-asylum-seekers-in-a-refugee-clinic-in-germany
#16
Laura F Goodman, Guy W Jensen, Joseph M Galante, Diana L Farmer, Stephanie Taché
BACKGROUND: Over one million asylum seekers were registered in Germany in 2016, most from Syria and Afghanistan. The Refugee Convention guarantees access to healthcare, however delivery mechanisms remain heterogeneous. There is an urgent need for more data describing the health conditions of asylum seekers to guide best practices for healthcare delivery. In this study, we describe the state of health of asylum seekers presenting to a multi-specialty primary care refugee clinic. METHODS: Demographic and medical diagnosis data were extracted from the electronic medical records of patients seen at the ambulatory refugee clinic in Dresden, Germany between 15 September 2015 and 31 December 2016...
May 16, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767826/accidental-or-intentional-exposure-to-potentially-toxic-medications-natural-toxins-and-chemicals-during-pregnancy-analysis-of-data-from-tox-info-suisse
#17
Tabea Vogel, Saskia Lüde, Rahel Baumgartner, Christine Rauber-Lüthy, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: Affected women and health professionals are still often unsure about how to react to exposures to potentially harmful agents during pregnancy. We wanted to find out which agents worry both pregnant women and professionals, under what circumstances the exposures take place, how they are currently dealt with and how serious they are. METHODS: Making use of the archives of Tox Info Suisse, the foundation that provides poisons information in Switzerland both for members of the general public and for healthcare professionals, we set up an analysis of exposures to possibly harmful agents during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767786/functional-connectivity-of-the-human-amygdala-in-health-and-in-depression
#18
Wei Cheng, Edmund T Rolls, Jiang Qiu, Xiongfei Xie, Wujun Lyu, Yu Li, Chu-Chung Huang, Albert C Yang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Fajin Lyu, Kaixiang Zhuang, Ching-Po Lin, Peng Xie, Jianfeng Feng
To analyze the functioning of the amygdala in depression, we performed the first voxel-level resting state functional-connectivity neuroimaging analysis of depression of voxels in the amygdala with all other voxels in the brain, with 336 patients with major depressive disorder and 350 controls. Amygdala voxels had decreased functional connectivity with the orbitofrontal cortex, temporal lobe areas, including the temporal pole, inferior temporal gyrus, and the parahippocampal gyrus. The reductions in the strengths of the functional connectivity of the amygdala voxels with the medial orbitofrontal cortex and temporal lobe voxels were correlated with increases in the Beck Depression Inventory score and in the duration of illness measures of depression...
May 14, 2018: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767781/adolescent-condom-use-and-connectivity-in-the-social-planful-brain
#19
Justin D Caouette, Karen A Hudson, Angela D Bryan, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
Objective: To reduce rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy among adolescents, it is critical to investigate brain connectivity that may underlie adolescents' sexual health decision-making in the context of intercourse. This study explored relationships between adolescent condom use frequency and the brain's resting-state functional connectivity, to identify differential patterns of social-affective processing among sexually active youth. Methods: In this study, N = 143 sexually active adolescents (68...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767719/the-ups-and-downs-of-s-aureus-nasal-carriage
#20
Angela M Jarrett, Nicholas G Cogan
Staphylococcus aureus infections are a growing concern worldwide due to the increasing number of strains that exhibit antibiotic resistance. Recent studies have indicated that some percentage of people carry the bacteria in the nasal cavity and therefore are at a higher risk of subsequent, and more serious, infections in other parts of the body. However, individuals carrying the infection can be classified as only intermittent carriers versus persistent carriers, being able to eliminate the bacteria and later colonized again...
May 15, 2018: Mathematical Medicine and Biology: a Journal of the IMA
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