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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431552/strategies-to-improve-engagement-of-hard-to-reach-older-people-in-research-on-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#1
Ann E M Liljas, Kate Walters, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Claire Goodman, Kalpa Kharicha
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to identify facilitators, barriers and strategies for engaging 'hard to reach' older people in research on health promotion; the oldest old (≥80 years), older people from black and minority ethnic groups (BME) and older people living in deprived areas. METHODS: Eight databases were searched to identify eligible studies using quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods. Using elements of narrative synthesis, engagement strategies, and reported facilitators and barriers were identified, tabulated and analysed thematically for each of the three groups of older people...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431252/engineered-regulatory-systems-modulate-gene-expression-of-human-commensals-in-the-gut
#2
Bentley Lim, Michael Zimmermann, Natasha A Barry, Andrew L Goodman
The gut microbiota is implicated in numerous aspects of health and disease, but dissecting these connections is challenging because genetic tools for gut anaerobes are limited. Inducible promoters are particularly valuable tools because these platforms allow real-time analysis of the contribution of microbiome gene products to community assembly, host physiology, and disease. We developed a panel of tunable expression platforms for the prominent genus Bacteroides in which gene expression is controlled by a synthetic inducer...
April 20, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430140/-eat-as-if-you-could-save-the-planet-and-win-sustainability-integration-into-nutrition-for-exercise-and-sport
#3
Nanna Meyer, Alba Reguant-Closa
Today's industrial food production contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Meat production accounts for the largest impact, including greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. While food production and consumption are important aspects when addressing climate change, this article focuses predominantly on dietary change that promotes both health for planet and people with focus on athletes. Healthy, sustainable eating recommendations begin to appear in various governmental guidelines. However, there remains resistance to the suggested reductions in meat consumption...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430029/legal-mapping-analysis-of-state-telehealth-reimbursement-policies
#4
Kate E Trout, Sankeerth Rampa, Fernando A Wilson, Jim P Stimpson
BACKGROUND: There exists rapid growth and inconsistency in the telehealth policy environment, which makes it difficult to quantitatively evaluate the impact of telehealth reimbursement and other policies without the availability of a legal mapping database. INTRODUCTION: We describe the creation of a legal mapping database of state-level policies related to telehealth reimbursement of healthcare services. Trends and characteristics of these policies are presented...
April 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429567/the-tsimane-health-and-life-history-project-integrating-anthropology-and-biomedicine
#5
Michael Gurven, Jonathan Stieglitz, Benjamin Trumble, Aaron D Blackwell, Bret Beheim, Helen Davis, Paul Hooper, Hillard Kaplan
The Tsimane Health and Life History Project, an integrated bio-behavioral study of the human life course, is designed to test competing hypotheses of human life-history evolution. One aim is to understand the bidirectional connections between life history and social behavior in a high-fertility, kin-based context lacking amenities of modern urban life (e.g. sanitation, banks, electricity). Another aim is to understand how a high pathogen burden influences health and well-being during development and adulthood...
April 2017: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428748/resting-state-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-findings-in-opioid-use-disorder-during-abstinence-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Dependence to opiates, including illicit heroin and prescription pain killers, and treatment of the opioid use disorder (OUD) have been longstanding problems over the world. Despite intense efforts to scientific investigation and public health care, treatment outcomes have not significantly improved for the past 50 years. One reason behind the continuing use of heroin worldwide despite such efforts is its highly addictive nature. Brain imaging studies over the past two decades have made significant contribution to the understanding of the addictive properties as to be due in part to biological processes, specifically those in the brain structure and function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428687/lysyl-oxidase-its-diversity-in-health-and-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Suchitra Kumari, Tarun Kumar Panda, Tapaswini Pradhan
The mechanical properties of extracellular matrix (ECM) and connective tissues is largely dependent on the collagen and elastin structure. Lysyl oxidase (LOX) plays a critical role in the formation and repair of the ECM by oxidizing lysine residues in elastin and collagen, thereby initiating the formation of covalent cross linkages which stabilize these fibrous proteins. Due to its multiple functions both extracellularly and intracellularly, lysyl oxidase is involved in several processes in the tumorigenic pathway, in many different cancer types and stages...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428164/zika-in-twitter-temporal-variations-of-locations-actors-and-concepts
#8
Anthony Stefanidis, Emily Vraga, Georgios Lamprianidis, Jacek Radzikowski, Paul L Delamater, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Dieter Pfoser, Arie Croitoru, Andrew Crooks
BACKGROUND: The recent Zika outbreak witnessed the disease evolving from a regional health concern to a global epidemic. During this process, different communities across the globe became involved in Twitter, discussing the disease and key issues associated with it. This paper presents a study of this discussion in Twitter, at the nexus of location, actors, and concepts. OBJECTIVE: Our objective in this study was to demonstrate the significance of 3 types of events: location related, actor related, and concept related, for understanding how a public health emergency of international concern plays out in social media, and Twitter in particular...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427763/exploring-patient-experiences-and-perspectives-of-a-heart-failure-telerehabilitation-program-a-mixed-methods-approach
#9
Rita Hwang, Allison Mandrusiak, Norman R Morris, Robyn Peters, Dariusz Korczyk, Jared Bruning, Trevor Russell
OBJECTIVES: To describe patient experiences and perspectives of a group-based heart failure (HF) telerehabilitation program delivered to the homes via online video-conferencing. BACKGROUND: Limited information currently exists on patient experiences of telerehabilitation for HF. Patient feedback and end-user perspectives provide important information regarding the acceptability of this new delivery model which may have a substantial impact on future uptake. METHODS: We used mixed-methods design with purposive sampling of patients with HF...
April 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427051/subjective-time-perceptions-and-aging-well-a-review-of-concepts-and-empirical-research-a-mini-review
#10
Martina Gabrian, Anne J Dutt, Hans-Werner Wahl
Human beings impose subjective, time-related interpretations on their existence, and the experience of time is a major aspect of lifespan development. In this mini-review, we understand subjective time as the way individuals subjectively perceive and evaluate the passing of their personal "objective" lifetime. A broad range of constructs and operationalizations has been developed in (gero-) psychology to capture subjective time, including future time perspective, personal goals, or autobiographical memories...
April 21, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426291/the-structure-of-policy-networks-for-injury-and-violence-prevention-in-15-us-cities
#11
Jenine K Harris, Melissa Jonson-Reid, Bobbi J Carothers, Patrick Fowler
OBJECTIVES: Changes in policy can reduce violence and injury; however, little is known about how partnerships among organizations influence policy development, adoption, and implementation. To understand partnerships among organizations working on injury and violence prevention (IVP) policy, we examined IVP policy networks in 15 large US cities. METHODS: In summer 2014, we recruited 15 local health departments (LHDs) to participate in the study. They identified an average of 28...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426253/using-computerized-mental-health-programs-in-alternative-education-understanding-the-requirements-of-students-and-staff
#12
Tuuli Kuosmanen, Theresa M Fleming, Margaret M Barry
Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) programs have been shown to be both acceptable and effective with youth. However, their use with more vulnerable youth, such as early school leavers, remains relatively unstudied. This study explored student and staff attitudes toward the use of cCBT in an alternative education setting. METHODS: Student and staff needs were assessed using the Requirements development approach (Van Velsen, Wentzel, & Van Gemert-Pijnen, 2013). An online staff survey (n = 16) was conducted to provide information on the context of delivery, and stakeholder requirements were further explored in four student workshops (n = 32) and staff group discussions (n = 12)...
April 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425922/detailed-follow-up-study-of-pediatric-orofacial-granulomatosis-patients
#13
Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Ulla Saarnisto, Jetta Tuokkola, Tarja Ruuska, Taina Sipponen, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the orofacial area. Its connection to Crohn's disease (CD) is debated. Our aim was to describe a cohort of pediatric OFG patients in detail, study the long-term behavior of OFG and evaluate factors predicting CD in OFG patients. METHODS: We invited patients diagnosed with OFG at two university hospitals, Finland for a follow-up appointment. Patients (n = 29) were examined by a dentist and an otorhinolaryngologist using a structural schema...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425904/-testing-is-healthy-timeplay-campaign-evaluation-of-sexual-health-promotion-gamification-intervention-targeting-young-adults
#14
Qinya Zhang, Kim J Huhn, Andy Tan, Rachel E Douglas, Helen Guiyun Li, Michelle Murti, Victoria Lee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC. SETTINGS: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425614/stigmatization-and-self-determination-of-preregistration-nurses-a-path-analysis
#15
Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Chris Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The concept of stigma and the stigmatizing behaviours of health-care professionals can have a profound influence on people with mental illness. A key construct that has been identified as influencing our behaviours is self-determination. As such, in the present study, we attempted to examine the connection and influence of motivational measures on the stigmatization of preregistration nurses. Data were collected once using three surveys that measured the motivational responses and stigmatizing behaviours of preregistration nurses after an approved mental health clinical placement...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423839/a-semantic-framework-for-logical-cross-validation-evaluation-and-impact-analyses-of-population-health-interventions
#16
Arash Shaban-Nejad, Anya Okhmatovskaia, Eun Kyong Shin, Robert L Davis, Brandi E Franklin, David L Buckeridge
Most chronic diseases are a result of a complex web of causative and correlated factors. As a result, effective public health or clinical interventions that intend to generate a sustainable change in these diseases most often use a combination of strategies or programs. To optimize comparative effectiveness evaluations and select the most efficient intervention(s), stakeholders (i.e. public health institutions, policy-makers and advocacy groups, practitioners, insurers, clinicians, and researchers) need access to reliable assessment methods...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423811/connecting-the-links-narratives-simulations-and-serious-games-in-prehospital-training
#17
Ilona Heldal, Per Backlund, Mikael Johannesson, Mikael Lebram, Lars Lundberg
Due to rapid and substantial changes in the health sector, collaboration and supporting technologies get more into focus. Changes in education and training are also required. Simulations and serious games (SSG) are often advocated as promising technologies supporting training of many and in the same manner, or increasing the skills necessary to deal with new, dangerous, complex or unexpected situations. The aim of this paper is to illustrate and discuss resources needed for planning and performing collaborative contextual training scenarios...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423808/security-policy-and-infrastructure-in-the-context-of-a-multi-centeric-information-system-dedicated-to-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Mohamed Ben Said, Laurence Robel, Bernard Golse, Jean Philippe Jais
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex neuro-developmental disorders affecting children in their early age. The diagnosis of ASD relies on multidisciplinary investigations, in psychiatry, neurology, genetics, electrophysiology, neuro-imagery, audiology and ophthalmology. In order to support clinicians, researchers and public health decision makers, we designed an information system dedicated to ASD, called TEDIS. TEDIS was designed to manage systematic, exhaustive and continuous multi-centric patient data collection via secured Internet connections...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423772/integrit-towards-utilizing-the-swedish-national-health-information-exchange-platform-for-clinical-research
#19
Maria Hägglund, Therese Scott Duncan, Karin Kai-Larsen, Gunilla Hedlin, Ingvar Krakau
This paper describes how the Swedish national Health Information Exchange platform can be used to facilitate clinical research in the future. Different e-services for different user groups are being developed using a user-centered design approach. The main user groups are study participants, clinical researchers and healthcare professionals. The different e-services are based on an in-depth analysis of the clinical research process, and the main identified needs relate to recruitment of study participants, access to clinical data from different sources as well as improved tools for patients' self-reporting...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423743/1-connected-and-digital-health
#20
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2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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