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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921995/the-angel-and-the-devil-on-your-shoulder-friends-mitigate-and-exacerbate-21st-birthday-alcohol-related-consequences
#1
Jennifer Fillo, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Amber M Anthenien, Clayton Neighbors, Christine M Lee
Twenty-first birthdays are associated with heavier drinking and more negative consequences than any other high-risk drinking event. Friends are the strongest social influence on young adult drinking; however, previous research on college students' drinking has often only examined individuals' perceptions of "friends" generally. Unfortunately, this may obscure the positive influence of some friends and the negative influence of others. Using data drawn from a larger intervention study aimed at reducing 21st birthday drinking, this research examined how specific friends (N = 166) who were present at 21st birthday celebrations may have exacerbated or mitigated celebrants' (N = 166) experience of alcohol-related consequences, as well as how characteristics of that friendship moderate these effects...
September 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918484/drug-herb-interactions-in-the-elderly-patient-with-ibd-a-growing-concern
#2
REVIEW
Haider Rahman, Marina Kim, Galen Leung, Jesse A Green, Seymour Katz
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes conditions such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is becoming more prevalent with the elderly being the fastest growing group. Parallel to this, there is an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Nearly half of patients with IBD have used CAM at one time. The elderly patients, however, are burdened by comorbid conditions, polypharmacy, and altered functional status. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine in our elderly patients with IBD, it is vital for the provider to provide counsel on drug-herb potential interactions...
September 16, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912508/use-of-anthropogenic-linear-features-by-two-medium-sized-carnivores-in-reserved-and-agricultural-landscapes
#3
Georgina E Andersen, Christopher N Johnson, Leon A Barmuta, Menna E Jones
Many carnivores are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. These changes create linear features and habitat edges that can facilitate foraging and/or travel. To understand the significance of anthropogenic linear features in the ecology of carnivores, fine-scaled studies are needed. We studied two medium-sized carnivores: the endangered Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) and the near threatened spotted-tailed quoll (Dasyurus maculatus), in a mixed landscape of conservation and agricultural land. Using GPS tracking, we investigated their use of intact habitat versus linear features such as roads, fences and the pasture/cover interface...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890015/penicillin-skin-testing-the-devil-is-in-the-details
#4
EDITORIAL
Roland Solensky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886436/devil-is-in-the-details-using-logic-models-to-investigate-program-process
#5
David J Peyton, Michael Scicchitano
Theory-based logic models are commonly developed as part of requirements for grant funding. As a tool to communicate complex social programs, theory based logic models are an effective visual communication. However, after initial development, theory based logic models are often abandoned and remain in their initial form despite changes in the program process. This paper examines the potential benefits of committing time and resources to revising the initial theory driven logic model and developing detailed logic models that describe key activities to accurately reflect the program and assist in effective program management...
September 1, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866665/the-look-of-the-devil-multiple-cranial-neuropathies
#6
Alla A Vein
The sculpture of the devil on a portal of the Lichtenthal Abbey School in Baden-Baden, Germany displays neurological pathology, possibly consistent with multiple cranial neuropathy. One of the main abnormalities is an exotropia strabismus, a feature rarely depicted in works of art portraying the devil.
September 1, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863439/ventricular-arterial-coupling-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-the-devil-is-in-the-details
#7
Alan G Fraser, Thierry C Gillebert, Adelino F Leite-Moreira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821767/identification-of-candidate-genes-for-devil-facial-tumour-disease-tumourigenesis
#8
Robyn L Taylor, Yiru Zhang, Jennifer P Schöning, Janine E Deakin
Devil facial tumour (DFT) disease, a transmissible cancer where the infectious agent is the tumour itself, has caused a dramatic decrease in Tasmanian devil numbers in the wild. The purpose of this study was to take a candidate gene/pathway approach to identify potentially perturbed genes or pathways in DFT. A fusion of chromosome 1 and X is posited as the initial event leading to the development of DFT, with the rearranged chromosome 1 material now stably maintained as the tumour spreads through the population...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812798/the-devil-is-in-the-details-on-regulating-cannabis-use-in-canada-based-on-public-health-criteria-comment-on-legalizing-and-regulating-marijuana-in-canada-review-of-potential-economic-social-and-health-impacts
#9
Jürgen Rehm, Jean-François Crépault, Benedikt Fischer
This commentary to the editorial of Hajizadeh argues that the economic, social and health consequences of legalizing cannabis in Canada will depend in large part on the exact stipulations (mainly from the federal government) and on the implementation, regulation and practice of the legalization act (on provincial and municipal levels). A strict regulatory framework is necessary to minimize the health burden attributable to cannabis use. This includes prominently control of production and sale of the legal cannabis including control of price and content with ban of marketing and advertisement...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810700/a-single-mini-barcode-test-to-screen-for-australian-mammalian-predators-from-environmental-samples
#10
Elodie Modave, Anna J MacDonald, Stephen D Sarre
Identification of species from trace samples is now possible through the comparison of diagnostic DNA fragments against reference DNA sequence databases. DNA detection of animals from non-invasive samples, such as predator faeces (scats) that contain traces of DNA from their species of origin, has proved to be a valuable tool for the management of elusive wildlife. However, application of this approach can be limited by the availability of appropriate genetic markers. Scat DNA is often degraded, meaning that longer DNA sequences, including standard DNA barcoding markers, are difficult to recover...
August 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794249/not-all-scn1a-epileptic-encephalopathies-are-dravet-syndrome-early-profound-thr226met-phenotype
#11
Lynette G Sadleir, Emily I Mountier, Deepak Gill, Suzanne Davis, Charuta Joshi, Catherine DeVile, Manju A Kurian, Simone Mandelstam, Elaine Wirrell, Katherine C Nickels, Hema R Murali, Gemma Carvill, Candace T Myers, Heather C Mefford, Ingrid E Scheffer
OBJECTIVE: To define a distinct SCN1A developmental and epileptic encephalopathy with early onset, profound impairment, and movement disorder. METHODS: A case series of 9 children were identified with a profound developmental and epileptic encephalopathy and SCN1A mutation. RESULTS: We identified 9 children 3 to 12 years of age; 7 were male. Seizure onset was at 6 to 12 weeks with hemiclonic seizures, bilateral tonic-clonic seizures, or spasms...
September 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764464/the-devil-is-in-the-detail-quantifying-vocal-variation-in-a-complex-multi-levelled-and-rapidly-evolving-display
#12
Ellen C Garland, Luke Rendell, Matthew S Lilley, M Michael Poole, Jenny Allen, Michael J Noad
Identifying and quantifying variation in vocalizations is fundamental to advancing our understanding of processes such as speciation, sexual selection, and cultural evolution. The song of the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) presents an extreme example of complexity and cultural evolution. It is a long, hierarchically structured vocal display that undergoes constant evolutionary change. Obtaining robust metrics to quantify song variation at multiple scales (from a sound through to population variation across the seascape) is a substantial challenge...
July 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753084/development-and-implementation-of-a-school-wide-institute-for-excellence-in-education-to-enable-educational-scholarship-by-medical-school-faculty
#13
Joseph Cofrancesco, Michael A Barone, Janet R Serwint, Mitchell Goldstein, Michael Westman, Pamela A Lipsett
PROBLEM: Educational scholarship is an important component for faculty at Academic Medical Centers, especially those with single-track promotion systems. Yet, faculty may lack the skills and mentorship needed to successfully complete projects. In addition, many educators feel undervalued. INTERVENTION: To reinvigorate our school's educational mission, the Institute for Excellence in Education (IEE) was created. Here we focus on one of the IEE's strategic goals, that of inspiring and supporting educational research, scholarship, and innovation...
July 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746719/macra-and-cardiology-the-devil-is-in-the-details
#14
Lauren G Gilstrap, Karen E Joynt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740453/clinical-outcomes-of-130-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-lung-tumors-treated-with-cyberknife-robotic-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#15
Zsolt Levente Janvary, Nicolas Jansen, Veronique Baart, Magali Devillers, David Dechambre, Eric Lenaerts, Laurence Seidel, Nicole Barthelemy, Patrick Berkovic, Akos Gulyban, Ferenc Lakosi, Zsolt Horvath, Philippe A Coucke
BACKGROUND: Authors report clinical outcomes of patients treated with robotic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for primary, recurrent and metastatic lung lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 130 patients with 160 lesions were treated with Cyberknife SBRT, including T1-3 primary lung cancers (54%), recurrent tumors (22%) and pulmonary metastases (24%). The mean biologically equivalent dose (BED10Gy) was 151 Gy (72-180 Gy). Median prescribed dose for peripheral and central lesions was 3×20 Gy and 3×15 Gy, respectively...
June 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740255/untangling-the-model-muddle-empirical-tumour-growth-in-tasmanian-devil-facial-tumour-disease
#16
Rodrigo K Hamede, Nicholas J Beeton, Scott Carver, Menna E Jones
A pressing and unresolved topic in cancer research is how tumours grow in the absence of treatment. Despite advances in cancer biology, therapeutic and diagnostic technologies, there is limited knowledge regarding the fundamental growth and developmental patterns in solid tumours. In this ten year study, we estimated growth curves in Tasmanian devil facial tumours, a clonal transmissible cancer, in males and females with two different karyotypes (diploid, tetraploid) and facial locations (mucosal, dermal), using established differential equation models and model selection...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717758/organization-of-chemotherapy-and-systemic-therapy-services-in-india-the-devil-lies-in-the-details
#17
Sameer Rastogi, Aditi Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704749/key-role-of-the-sorption-process-in-alteration-of-metal-and-metalloid-quantification-by-fouling-development-on-dgt-passive-samplers
#18
Delphine Devillers, Rémy Buzier, Malgorzata Grybos, Adeline Charriau, Gilles Guibaud
The DGT technique (diffusive gradients in thin films) is widely used for passive sampling of labile trace metals and metalloids in natural waters. Although development of fouling on the protective membranes is frequently observed, its effect on DGT sampling has been barely investigated. This study evaluates the influence of fouling on sampling of trace cationic metals Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) and oxyanions As(V), Cr(VI), Sb(V) and Se(VI). Fouling was developed in situ on polycarbonate membranes in four diverse natural freshwater environments and sampling alteration was assessed in controlled laboratory experiments...
November 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699506/natural-or-plant-products-for-the-treatment-of-neurological-disorders-current-knowledge
#19
Mohammad Khalid Parvez
In recent decades, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become very popular in the treatment of several chronic diseases. Natural products as one of the CAM modalities offer potential opportunities to discover lead compounds for novel drug development. The use of CAM or natural products in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases is comparatively a newer area. Natural therapeutics with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory salutations evidently plays a crucial role in protecting neurons. Of these, the most promising are caffeine, trigonelline, shogaol, curcumin, resveratrol, baicalein, wogonin, ginsenosides, tanshinones, withanolides, picrosides, parthenolide, cannabinoids, Devil's claw and white willow bark, including Chinese formulations Renshen Shouwu and Shengmai San...
July 10, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695294/the-role-of-mhc-genes-in-contagious-cancer-the-story-of-tasmanian-devils
#20
REVIEW
Alison Caldwell, Hannah V Siddle
The Tasmanian devil, a marsupial species endemic to the island of Tasmania, harbours two contagious cancers, Devil Facial Tumour 1 (DFT1) and Devil Facial Tumour 2 (DFT2). These cancers pass between individuals in the population via the direct transfer of tumour cells, resulting in the growth of large tumours around the face and neck of affected animals. While these cancers are rare, a contagious cancer also exists in dogs and five contagious cancers circulate in bivalves. The ability of tumour cells to emerge and transmit in mammals is surprising as these cells are an allograft and should be rejected due to incompatibility between Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes...
July 11, 2017: Immunogenetics
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