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Neuropsych testing

A V Dolzhich, S E Avetisov
PURPOSE: to assess the neurophysiological effect and clinical effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with drug therapy in amblyopic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy children in the age of 5-12 years and 97 patients of the same age with refractive strabismic amblyopia. All study subjects underwent standard examination including ophthalmological (visometry, refractometry in normal conditions and in cycloplegia, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, type of vision), neurophysiological methods (determination of retinal electric sensitivity threshold, electric lability of optic nerve, amplitude and latency period of visual evoked potentials, electroencephalogram wave amplitudes, localization of peak electrical activity area of the cerebral cortex), assessment of neuropsychic development and estimation of mental development coefficient with age tests...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
E A Tkachuk, I Iu Tarmaeva
The new millennium was marked by the transition of humanity to a new stage of the development--the Information Society, which is an objective reality and affects on all aspects of living environment, including the health of children. The last decade was characterized by the increase of the use of means of informatization, the level of aggression and aggressiveness of children, the decrease of intellectual indices, deterioration of mental health, an increase of children with behavioral problems, hyperactivity, inattention, decrease of mental capacity...
November 2014: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Vanessa C Evans, Grant L Iverson, Lakshmi N Yatham, Raymond W Lam
OBJECTIVE: Neurocognitive deficits are demonstrated in major depressive disorder (MDD) and most likely contribute to the functional impairment experienced by affected individuals. We systematically reviewed the evidence on neurocognitive deficits and their relationship(s) to psychosocial functioning in MDD. DATA SOURCES: English-language literature was searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Direct, and PsycInfo databases for the years 1980-October 15, 2013, with the following terms: (depressive disorder or depressive disorder, major) and permutations of (cognitive, neurocognitive, neuropsych*) with (impairment, deficit, performance, test) and (quality of life; functional outcomes; outcome assessment, health care) or (assessment, outcomes; assessment, patient outcomes; outcomes assessment; outcomes assessments, patient)...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
A M Ovezov, M A Lobov, M V Panteleeva, A V Lugovoĭ, P S Miatchin, I E Gus'kov
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to assess the possibility and effectiveness of hopaten acid use for early postoperative cognitive dysfunction correction in children of school age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In compliance with inclusion and exclusion criteria, totally 40 children of school age (7-16 years old, ASA status I-II) with surgical pathology: (varicocele, cryptorchidism, inguinal hernia) were included A comperative assessment of neuropsychic status during pre - and postoperative are period in children, operated under propofol-fentanyl total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) was conducted All patients were randomized to the control (without cepebroprotection 1st group, 20 children) and experimental (using cepebroprotection with hopaten acid within 1 month after the operation, 2nd group, 20 children) groups...
May 2012: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Concetto Mario Giorgianni, Graziella D'Arrigo, Renato Brecciaroli, Adriana Abbate, Giovanna Spatari, Maria Antonietta Tringali, Silvia Gangemi, Annamaria De Luca
OBJECTIVES: Various authors who studied the effects of aluminium (Al) exposure on the neurocognitive system in the last 30 years have reached different and often contradictory conclusions. The aim of this study is to help clarify the effects that the metal causes on cognitive ability in a group of naval welders exposed to Al. METHODS: The study was performed on a sample of 86 male Al welders in a shipyard in Messina. The average value of environmental Al, recorded in the workplace, was 19...
May 2014: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Liliana Barbacariu, Doina Felea, Silvia Mătăsaru, Adriana Cosmescu, Antoneta Petroaie, Ana Maria Slănină
UNLABELLED: Currently, in Romania the general practitioner does not use screening tests to detect the developmental problems in children. That might be the reason why many cases are diagnosed too late. AIM: To evaluate the impact and the usefulness of a screening tool for neurodevelopmental disorders in primary care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This trans-sequential study was carried out a on a series of 324 children under the age of 5 in the interval January 2007-December 2010...
July 2011: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Zhi-xiao Yang, Hui Xiong, Yue-hua Zhang, Xin-Hua Bao, Yu-wu Jiang, Ye Wu, Shuang Wang, Xing-zhi Chang, Jiong Qin, Qing Lin, Xi-ru Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze the clinical manifestations, classification, therapeutic approaches and follow-up of myasthenia gravis (MG) in children in order to improve its management and prognosis. METHODS: Clinical information of 135 children with MG, who were diagnosed between January 1993 to January 2008, were collected and retrospectively analyzed. And prospective following-up of these patients were conducted. RESULTS: Among the 135 cases, 59 were males and 76 females, giving the ratio of M/F around 1:1...
June 18, 2011: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Maria Clara Tonini, V Bignamini, M Mattioli
An enzymatic abnormality of the urea cycle is a metabolic disorder occasionally seen in adults, but particularly in the puerperium. The main risk is acute hyperammoniemic encephalopathy, leading to psychosis, coma and even death if not diagnosed promptly and treated appropriately. Headache is frequent in the puerperium normally manifesting between 3 and 6 days after delivery. We describe here a 39-year-old woman, who 3 days after delivery presented diffuse tension-type headache and depression, followed by behavioral disorders, psychomotor agitation, epileptic seizures, and finally coma 2 days later...
May 2011: Neurological Sciences
G M Molodavkin, Jalsrai Aldarmaa
The influence of a pyrrolo-pyrazine derivative AL-613 (synthesized at the Zakusov Institute of Pharmacology) on the behavior of outbred male albino rats has been studied on various experimental models. It was established that AL-613 produces anxiolytic action in a conflict situation model and antidepressant action in forced swim paradigm test, improves active avoidance conditioned reflex acquisition, and increases the amplitude of transcallosal evoked potential. The substance demonstrated properties of anxiolytics, antidepressants, and nootropes...
March 2010: Eksperimental'naia i Klinicheskaia Farmakologiia
Aliza P Wingo, Thomas S Wingo, Philip D Harvey, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is underrecognized among patients with bipolar disorder and may represent not only effects of the illness but also adverse effects of its treatments. Among these, lithium is the best-studied mood stabilizer. As its cognitive effects are mixed and not well-known, we assessed reported effects of lithium on cognitive performance. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases (1950 to December 2008) were queried with the keywords lithium, cognit*, neurocognit*, neuropsych*, psycholog*, attention, concentration, processing speed, memory, executive, and learning...
November 2009: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
D S Nadezhdin, G A Goncharova, V G Sakharov, G I Kvasov
The aim of this work was to study age-related dynamics of the development of higher psychic functions and manifestations of CNS fatigue in 1-4-form schoolchildren in relation to the duration of schooling. Psychophysiological studies in several Moscow schools included evaluation of cognitive and psychomotor functions and nervous fatigue (in the critical flicker fusion frequency test). It is shown that psychophysiological development of junior schoolchildren is a sequel to two major factors, age and schooling duration, that have differential effect on the neuropsychic sphere...
2009: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
E Micali, G Squadrito, C Abbate, G Raimondo, F Trimarchi, M Barbaro
Chronic condition in subjects with chronic viral hepatitis determines issues neuropsychic. The sample of 21 workers suffering from chronic viral hepatitis in drug treatment has been studied with a battery of standardized tests to assess the cognitive performance, the neurobehavioral effects and psychological disorders that interfere with quality of life, comparing the results of subjects with HBV with those of subjects suffering from HCV. The results showed that both subjects with chronic HBV and HCV have relational-work restrictions that determine long periods of absence from the workplace, with the depression, anxiety, irritability and dysphoria...
July 2007: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
F D Petrariu, Viorica Gavăt, Magda Elena Amarandei
UNLABELLED: Psycho-social environment is influencing directly toddler's development, with a major impact in the first three years of life. Family is the first social environment for the infant, and later for toddler, and depending to the quality of this relation will evolve the adult. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of psycho-social environment on the toddler's development. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We have analyzed by using a questionnaire a number of 200 families, in order to assess their level of environmental risk and to correlate it with the toddlers' development...
October 2007: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
C Thomas Gualtieri
The Neuropsych Questionnaire (NPQ) addresses 2 important clinical issues: how to screen patients for a wide range of neuropsychiatric disorders quickly and efficiently, and how to acquire independent verification of a patient's complaints. The NPQ is available over the Internet in adult and pediatric versions. The adult version of the NPQ consists of 207 simple questions about common symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. The NPQ scores patient and/or observer responses in terms of 20 symptom clusters: inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, learning problems, memory, anxiety, panic, agoraphobia, obsessions and compulsions, social anxiety, depression, mood instability, mania, aggression, psychosis, somatization, fatigue, sleep, suicide, pain, and substance abuse...
2007: MedGenMed: Medscape General Medicine
Elsa Dreyfus, Eve Tramoni, Marie-Pascale Lehucher-Michel
BACKGROUND: To date, chronic toxic encephalopathy (CTE) has never been described in operating room personnel. CASE REPORT: We report two cases of anaesthetists who developed this pathology. They have both used anaesthetic gases for many years in paediatric surgery. Air conditioning was deficient during three years in operating rooms and atmospheric anaesthetics concentration was high (N(2)O mean concentration: 311 ppm, peak levels 1,600 ppm; halogenated: 16 ppm, peak levels: 1,600 ppm)...
October 2008: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Iu E Vel'tishchev, A D Tsaregorodtsev, P V Novikov, S G Vorsanova
The article is dedicated to the problems of intellectual disorders in children suffering from congenital and hereditary diseases, and reflects the issues of the medicosocial significance of neuropsychical impairment in children and the proportion of ethiological factors in the genesis of mental retardation. The authors consider modern diagnostic and preventive technologies that are used in pediatric practice in children with hereditary and congenital intellectual developmental disorders.
2006: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
T B Bazgadze, D Z Zurabashvili
Disorders of neuropsychic functioning play a greater role during formation of problem behaviour. Researches specify frequency of disorders of verbal skills and skills of self-checking in group of teenagers with problem behaviour. Difficult teenagers differ by greater expressiveness of insufficiency of some intellectual operations, such as ability to generalization, verbal memory, arithmetic operations. Researches of nonverbal intelligence have revealed much more low parameters in group of delinquent teenagers in comparison with control group...
August 2006: Georgian Medical News
R Brůha, P Drastich, P Hůlek, J Lata, J Petrtýl, V Procházka, J Spicák, T Vanásek, M Volfová, P Zdenĕk
UNLABELLED: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a set of reversible neuropsychic features which occur in connection with hepatic cirrhosis or acute hepatic failure. We distinguish manifest HE (with clinical symptoms) and minimal FE (normal clinical finding, abnormal psychometric or neurophysiologic exam). The diagnosis is clinical or laboratory one. From the auxiliary examinations in common practice the number connection test is sufficient. THERAPY: Presence of hepatic encephalopathy should lead to the consideration of the possibility to solve basic disease by hepatic transplantation...
January 2006: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Martine Ledrans, Philippe Bretin, Claire Gourier-Fréry, Camille Lecoffre, Joëlle Le Moal, Georges Salines
Health scares have entailed an increasing concern about environmental risks for populations. Authorities' response was to set up a system for the analysis, surveillance and management of environmental risks. Practitioners have an important role to play in this system, as primary actors of surveillance and as a close source of information about the environmental risks for the population. Three examples are developed. Children's lead poisoning still exists and entails irreversible neuropsychic deficits. Its diagnosis rests upon the recognition of risk factors and the prescription of a test of blood lead level...
November 30, 2005: La Revue du Praticien
C Abbate, E Micali, C Giorgianni, F Munaò, R Brecciaroli, L Salmaso, D Germanò
BACKGROUND: Exposure to whole-body vibrations (WBV) represents a highly diffuse occupational risk. Some studies report that chronic exposure to WBV induces a significant increment in the modifications of the cognitive and emotional area. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of WBV exposure on the neuropsychic and behavioural system. METHODS: The study population consisted of 137 male subjects, mean age 45.7 years, working as drivers of mechanical trolleys and occupationally exposed to WBV of a frequency below 2 m/s2...
November 2004: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
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