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Jia Zhu, Peter Kahn, Janine Knudsen, Sanjeev N Mehta, Robert A Gabbay
BACKGROUND: The cost of diabetes care accounts for a significant proportion of healthcare expenditures. Cost models based on updated incident complication rates and associated costs are needed to improve financial planning and quality assessment across the U.S. healthcare system. We developed a cost model using published data to estimate the direct medical costs of incident diabetes-related complications in a U.S. population of adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and TRIP databases was conducted on studies reporting the incidence and/or cost of diabetes-related complications (cardiovascular disease, neuropathy, nephropathy, ophthalmological disease, and acute metabolic events)...
October 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Einat Hershkowitz, Arie Markel
Thiamine or vitamin B1 is a water soluble vitamin of the vitamin B complex. It is synthetized by bacteria, fungi and plants and is an essential component of multicellular living organisms. Humans are not able to synthetize this vitamin and have to obtain it from different foods. Thiamin has a vital role in the normal function of the human body. It functions as a coenzyme in the catabolism of carbohydrates and amino acids and has an antioxidant role. It has an essential function in a series of metabolic processes related to energy production and conversion of sugar to ATP, as a catalyst in the Krebs cycle...
October 2015: Harefuah
Doha Rasheedy, Hend M Taha
AIM: To quantify the prevalence of chronic comorbidities including cardiac autonomic neuropathy among elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 175 elderly male patients with COPD attending Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. The comorbidities that might alter cardiac autonomic function in patients with COPD were identified. The patients without reported comorbidities underwent arterial blood gas analysis, pulmonary function tests and autonomic function assessment using cardiovascular reflexes...
March 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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