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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045409/psychometric-validation-of-the-italian-rehabilitation-complexity-scale-extended-version-13
#1
Francesca Roda, Maurizio Agosti, Andrea Merlo, Maurizio Maini, Francesco Lombardi, Claudio Tedeschi, Maria Grazia Benedetti, Nino Basaglia, Mara Contini, Domenico Nicolotti, Rodolfo Brianti
In Italy, at present, a well-known problem is inhomogeneous provision of rehabilitative services, as stressed by MoH, requiring appropriate criteria and parameters to plan rehabilitation actions. According to the Italian National Rehabilitation Plan, Comorbidity, Disability and Clinical Complexity should be assessed to define the patient's real needs. However, to date, clinical complexity is still difficult to measure with shared and validated tools. The study aims to psychometrically validate the Italian Rehabilitation Complexity Scale-Extended v13 (RCS-E v13), in order to meet the guidelines requirements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044847/obesity-related-health-impacts-of-active-transport-policies-in-australia-a-policy-review-and-health-impact-modelling-study
#2
Vicki Brown, Marj Moodie, Linda Cobiac, Herrera Mantilla, Robert Carter
OBJECTIVE: To review Australian policies on active transport, defined as walking and cycling for utilitarian purposes. To estimate the potential health impact of achieving four active transport policy scenarios. METHODS: A policy review was undertaken, using key words to search government websites. Potential health benefits were quantified using a cohort simulation Markov model to estimate obesity and transport injury-related health effects of an increase in active transport...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044791/the-role-of-driving-factors-in-historical-and-projected-carbon-dynamics-of-upland-ecosystems-in-alaska
#3
Hélène Genet, Yujie He, Zhou Lyu, A David McGuire, Qianlai Zhuang, Joy Clein, David D'Amore, Alec Bennett, Amy Breen, Frances Biles, Eugénie S Euskirchen, Kristofer Johnson, Tom Kurkowski, Svetlana Kushch Schroder, Neal Pastick, T Scott Rupp, Bruce Wylie, Yujin Zhang, Xiaoping Zhou, Zhiliang Zhu
It is important to understand how upland ecosystems of Alaska, which are estimated to occupy 84% of the state (i.e. 1,237,774 km(2) ), are influencing and will influence state-wide carbon (C) dynamics in the face of ongoing climate change. We coupled fire disturbance and biogeochemical models to assess the relative effects of changing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2 ), climate, logging and fire regimes on the historical and future C balance of upland ecosystems for the four main Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) of Alaska...
October 17, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044714/definition-and-classification-of-evaluation-units-for-tertiary-structure-prediction-in-casp12-facilitated-through-semi-automated-metrics
#4
Luciano A Abriata, Lisa N Kinch, Giorgio E Tamò, Bohdan Monastyrskyy, Andriy Kryshtafovych, Matteo Dal Peraro
For assessment purposes, CASP targets are split into evaluation units. We herein present the official definition of CASP12 evaluation units (EUs) and their classification into difficulty categories. Each target can be evaluated as one EU (the whole target) or/and several EUs (separate structural domains or groups of structural domains). The specific scenario for a target split is determined by the domain organization of available templates, the difference in server performance on separate domains versus combination of the domains, and visual inspection...
October 16, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044679/predictors-of-long-term-bladder-management-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-upper-extremity-function-may-matter-most
#5
Dimitar V Zlatev, Kazuko Shem, Christopher S Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the gold standard for neurogenic bladder management in most patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). There is nonetheless a lack of long-term adherence to CIC, with up to 50% discontinuance at 5-year follow-up. We hypothesize that limitations in upper extremity (UE) motor function represent a strong predictor for long-term CIC adoption. METHODS: We assessed Forms I and II data from the 2000-2013 National SCI Database...
October 17, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044582/provider-views-on-the-management-of-ewing-sarcoma-of-the-spine-and-pelvis
#6
Chong Zhu, Kristofor A Olson, Michael Roth, David S Geller, Richard G Gorlick, Jonathan Gill, Nadia N Laack, R L Randall
BACKGROUND: Curative therapy for ES requires both chemotherapy and local control of primary tumor. There is no universally accepted standard approach to local control modalities. This survey was conducted to determine practice patterns and factors influencing the choice to offer various local control modalities to patients with ES of the spine and pelvis. METHODS: The survey consisted of four scenarios involving a 15-year-old girl who presented with Ewing sarcoma of thoracic vertebra, sacrum, iliac wing, and acetabulum with or without neurologic compromise...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044545/predicted-global-warming-scenarios-impact-on-the-mother-plant-to-alter-seed-dormancy-and-germination-behavior-in-arabidopsis
#7
Z Huang, S Footitt, A Tang, W E Finch-Savage
Seed characteristics are key components of plant fitness that are influenced by temperature in their maternal environment, and temperature will change with global warming. To study the effect of such temperature changes, Arabidopsis thaliana plants were grown to produce seeds along a uniquely designed polyethylene tunnel having a thermal gradient reflecting local global warming predictions. Plants therefore experienced the same variations in temperature and light conditions, but different mean temperatures...
October 17, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044543/investigating-the-effects-of-laryngotracheal-stenosis-on-upper-airway-aerodynamics
#8
Tracy Cheng, David Carpenter, Seth Cohen, David Witsell, Dennis O Frank-Ito
OBJECTIVE: Very little is known about the impact of laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) on inspiratory airflow and resistance, especially in air hunger states. This study investigates the effect of LTS on airway resistance and volumetric flow across three different inspiratory pressures. METHODS: Head-and-neck computed tomography scans of 11 subjects from 2010 to 2016 were collected. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the upper airway from the nostrils to carina, including the oral cavity, were created for one subject with a normal airway and for 10 patients with LTS...
October 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044256/interplay-between-the-folding-mechanism-and-binding-modes-in-folding-coupled-to-binding-processes
#9
Rajendra Sharma, David De Sancho, Victor Muñoz
Proteins that fold upon binding to their partners exhibit complex binding behavior such as induced-fit. But the connections between the folding mechanism and the binding mode remain unknown. Here we focus on the high affinity complex between the physiologically and marginally unstable, fast folder PSBD and the E1 subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase. Using coarse-grained simulations we investigate the binding to E1 of a partially disordered PSBD under two folding scenarios: two-state and downhill. Our simulations show that induced-fit binding requires that PSBD folds-unfolds in the downhill folding regime...
October 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044255/roles-of-conformational-disorder-and-downhill-folding-in-modulating-protein-dna-recognition
#10
Xiakun Chu, Victor Muñoz
Transcription factors are thought to efficiently search for their target DNA site via a combination of conventional 3D diffusion and 1D diffusion along the DNA molecule mediated by non-specific electrostatic interactions. This process requires the DNA-binding protein to quickly exchange between a search competent and a target recognition mode, but little is known as to how these two binding modes are encoded in the conformational properties of the protein. Here, we investigate this issue on the engrailed homeodomain (EngHD), a DNA-binding domain that folds ultrafast and exhibits a complex conformational behavior consistent with the downhill folding scenario...
October 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044134/impact-of-ocean-warming-on-sustainable-fisheries-management-informs-the-ecosystem-approach-to-fisheries
#11
N Serpetti, A R Baudron, M T Burrows, B L Payne, P Helaouët, P G Fernandes, J J Heymans
An integrated ecosystem model including fishing and the impact of rising temperatures, relative to species' thermal ranges, was used to assess the cumulative effect of future climate change and sustainable levels of fishing pressure on selected target species. Historically, important stocks of cod and whiting showed declining trends caused by high fisheries exploitation and strong top-down control by their main predators (grey seals and saithe). In a no-change climate scenario these stocks recovered under sustainable management scenarios due to the cumulative effect of reduced fishing and predation mortalities cascading through the food-web...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043944/courting-apocalypse-creating-a-zombie-themed-evidence-based-medicine-game
#12
Amy E Blevins, Elizabeth Kiscaden, Jason Bengtson
In 2015, two librarians at the Hardin Library for the Health Sciences at the University of Iowa turned their dreams into a reality and secured funding to build a zombie-themed evidence-based medicine game. The game features a "choose your own adventure" style that takes students through a scenario where a disease outbreak is taking place and a resident is asked to use evidence-based medicine skills to select a screening and diagnostic tool to use on potentially infected patients. Feedback on the game has been positive, and future plans include building additional modules on therapy, harm, and prognosis...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043915/corrigendum-beyond-purity-moral-disgust-toward-bad-character
#13
(no author information available yet)
Original article: Giner-Sorolla, R., & Chapman, H. A. (2017). Beyond purity: Moral disgust toward bad character. Psychological Science, 28, 80-91. doi:10.1177/0956797616673193 In this article, some effect sizes in the Results section for Study 1 were reported incorrectly and are now being corrected. In the section titled Manipulation Checks: Act and Character Ratings, we reported a d value of 0.32 for the one-sample t test comparing participants' act ratings with the midpoint of the scale; the correct value is 0...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043786/measuring-nanoparticle-attachment-efficiency-in-complex-systems
#14
Nicholas K Geitner, Niall Joseph O'Brien, Amalia Turner, Enda Cummins, Mark R Wiesner
As process-based environmental fate and transport models for engineered nanoparticles are developed, there is a need for relevant and reliable measures of nanoparticle behaviour. The affinity of nanoparticles for various surfaces (α) is one such measure. Measurements of the affinity of nanoparticles obtained by flowing particles through a porous medium are constrained by the types of materials or exposure scenarios that can be configured into such column studies. Utilizing glass beads and kaolinite as model collector surfaces, we evaluate a previously developed mixing method for measuring nanoparticle attachment to environmental surfaces, and validate this method with an equivalent static column system over a range of organic matter concentrations and ionic strengths...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043762/food-deserts-in-winnipeg-canada-a-novel-method-for-measuring-a-complex-and-contested-construct
#15
Joyce Slater, Stefan Epp-Koop, Megan Jakilazek, Chris Green
INTRODUCTION: "Food deserts" have emerged over the past 20 years as spaces of concern for communities, public health authorities and researchers because of their potential negative impact on dietary quality and subsequent health outcomes. Food deserts are residential geographic spaces, typically in urban settings, where low-income residents have limited or no access to retail food establishments with sufficient variety at affordable cost. Research on food deserts presents methodological challenges including retail food store identification and classification, identification of low-income populations, and transportation and proximity metrics...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043502/an-integrated-approach-using-chaotic-map-sample-value-difference-method-for-electrocardiogram-steganography-and-ofdm-based-secured-patient-information-transmission
#16
Anukul Pandey, Barjinder Singh Saini, Butta Singh, Neetu Sood
This paper presents a patient's confidential data hiding scheme in electrocardiogram (ECG) signal and its subsequent wireless transmission. Patient's confidential data is embedded in ECG (called stego-ECG) using chaotic map and the sample value difference approach. The sample value difference approach effectually hides the patient's confidential data in ECG sample pairs at the predefined locations. The chaotic map generates these predefined locations through the use of selective control parameters. Subsequently, the wireless transmission of the stego-ECG is analyzed using the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) system in a Rayleigh fading scenario for telemedicine applications...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042841/bradycardia-in-a-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipient-is-it-the-sugammadex
#17
Adele King, Aymen Naguib, Joseph D Tobias
Sugammadex is a novel pharmacologic agent that is used to selectively reverse the effects of the neuromuscular blocking agents rocuronium and vecuronium. Various advantages have been reported when comparing its reversal of neuromuscular blockade to that achieved with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (neostigmine). In heart transplant recipients, bradycardia may occur following the administration of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, due to the denervation of the heart. Theoretically, the combination of rocuronium and sugammadex could be advantageous in this clinical scenario to avoid the potential bradycardia resulting from neostigmine administration...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042809/implementation-of-gina-guidelines-in-asthma-management-by-primary-care-physicians-in-vietnam
#18
Vinh Nhu Nguyen, Quynh Nhat Nguyen, Pham Le An, Niels H Chavannes
BACKGROUND: Asthma control is suboptimal in Vietnam. Lack of knowledge of primary care physicians (PCPs) for asthma management may potentially be one of the causes. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of PCPs' asthma management based on the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines (2015 update). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among PCPs in an urban and rural area of Vietnam using questionnaires related to asthma patients daily practice: use of spirometry and the asthma control test (ACT), prescription of asthma medications, and frequency of consultations...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042106/seasonal-variability-of-picophytoplankton-under-contrasting-environments-in-northern-tunisian-coasts-southwestern-mediterranean-sea
#19
N Salhi, H Zmerli Triki, J C Molinero, M Laabir, E Sehli, A Bellaaj-Zouari, N Daly Yahia, O Kefi-Daly Yahia
We investigated at the single cell level during 16months (June 2012 to September 2013) the temporal distribution of picophytoplankton (picoeukaryotes, Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus) communities in two contrasted ecosystems: the Bay of Bizerte characterised by an oligotrophic regime typical of the Mediterranean Sea and the Bizerte Lagoon that exhibits a mesotrophic/eutrophic state. We aimed at depicting seasonal variations and quantifying the relationships between the environmental factors and the structure and abundance of picophytoplankton communities...
October 14, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042033/serious-game-training-improves-performance-in-combat-life-saving-interventions
#20
Jerome Planchon, Anthony Vacher, Jeremy Comblet, Eric Rabatel, Françoise Darses, Alexandre Mignon, Pierre Pasquier
AIM: In modern warfare, almost 25% of combat-related deaths are considered preventable if life-saving interventions are performed. Therefore, Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) training for soldiers is a major challenge. In 2014, the French Military Medical Service supported the development of 3D-SC1(®), a serious game designed for the French TCCC program, entitled Sauvetage au Combat de niveau 1 (SC1). Our study aimed to evaluate the impact on performance of additional training with 3D-SC1(®)...
October 12, 2017: Injury
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