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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335569/a-quantitative-risk-assessment-model-involving-frequency-and-threat-degree-under-line-of-business-services-for-infrastructure-of-emerging-sensor-networks
#1
Xu Jing, Hanwen Hu, Huijun Yang, Man Ho Au, Shuqin Li, Naixue Xiong, Muhammad Imran, Athanasios V Vasilakos
The prospect of Line-of-Business Services (LoBSs) for infrastructure of Emerging Sensor Networks (ESNs) is exciting. Access control remains a top challenge in this scenario as the service provider's server contains a lot of valuable resources. LoBSs' users are very diverse as they may come from a wide range of locations with vastly different characteristics. Cost of joining could be low and in many cases, intruders are eligible users conducting malicious actions. As a result, user access should be adjusted dynamically...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335568/an-electricity-price-aware-open-source-smart-socket-for-the-internet-of-energy
#2
Óscar Blanco-Novoa, Tiago M Fernández-Caramés, Paula Fraga-Lamas, Luis Castedo
The Internet of Energy (IoE) represents a novel paradigm where electrical power systems work cooperatively with smart devices to increase the visibility of energy consumption and create safer, cleaner and sustainable energy systems. The implementation of IoE services involves the use of multiple components, like embedded systems, power electronics or sensors, which are an essential part of the infrastructure dedicated to the generation and distribution energy and the one required by the final consumer. This article focuses on the latter and presents a smart socket system that collects the information about energy price and makes use of sensors and actuators to optimize home energy consumption according to the user preferences...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335563/the-effects-of-sweet-foods-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-glycyrrhizic-acid-by-icelisa
#3
Bingqian Jiang, Huihua Qu, Hui Kong, Yue Zhang, Shuchen Liu, Jinjun Cheng, Xin Yan, Yan Zhao
The effect of sweet foods, such as honey, was investigated from the perspective of pharmacokinetics on the absorption of glycyrrhizic acid (GA). Due to the unique properties of indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA), namely, its: specificity, sensitivity, repeatability, simple pretreatment of samples, fast and simple operation, and because it is economic and non-polluting, it has received increased attention. In this study, we used the advantages of this method to see how honey affected the pharmacokinetics of GA...
March 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335492/novel-approach-for-the-recognition-and-prediction-of-multi-function-radar-behaviours-based-on-predictive-state-representations
#4
Jian Ou, Yongguang Chen, Feng Zhao, Jin Liu, Shunping Xiao
The extensive applications of multi-function radars (MFRs) have presented a great challenge to the technologies of radar countermeasures (RCMs) and electronic intelligence (ELINT). The recently proposed cognitive electronic warfare (CEW) provides a good solution, whose crux is to perceive present and future MFR behaviours, including the operating modes, waveform parameters, scheduling schemes, etc. Due to the variety and complexity of MFR waveforms, the existing approaches have the drawbacks of inefficiency and weak practicability in prediction...
March 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335096/estimation-of-methane-emissions-from-local-and-crossbreed-beef-cattle-in-dak-lak-province-of-vietnam
#5
Carlos Alberto Ramírez-Restrepo, Dung Van Tien, Ngoan Le Duc, Mario Herrero, Phung Le Dinh, Dung Dinh Van, Sen Le Thi Hoa, Cuong Vu Chi, Cesar Solano-Patiño, Amy M Lerner, Timothy D Searchinger
Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating effects of cattle breed resources and alternative mixed-feeding practices on meat productivity and emission intensities from household farming systems in Daklak Province, Vietnam. Methods: Records from Local Yellow x Red Sindhi (Bos indicus; Lai Sind) and ½ Limousin, ½ Drought Master and ½ Red Angus cattle during the growth (0 to 21 months) and fattening (22 to 25 months) periods were used to better understand variations on meat productivity and enteric methane emissions...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334713/pulsed-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-the-treatment-of-endometrial-cancer
#6
Francesca De Felice, Rossella Caiazzo, Ilaria Benevento, Daniela Musio, Filippo Rubini, Vincenzo Tombolini
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most frequent gynecologic malignancy. The aim of this review is to outline clinical practice recommendations, to suggest a technical solution, and to advise doses selection for pulsed-dose rate (PDR) brachytherapy in EC. Electronic bibliographic databases, including PubMed, clinicaltrials.gov, and the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Meeting Library, were searched for articles in English. Clinical guidelines and systematic reviews were also considered. The appropriate therapeutic approach should consider risk factors for tumor relapse and PDR brachytherapy and have a convincing role in this multidisciplinary scenario...
March 24, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334677/centralized-management-of-sewage-sludge-and-agro-industrial-waste-through-co-composting
#7
M C Gutiérrez, A Serrano, J A Siles, A F Chica, M A Martín
In this research study, the co-composting process of a waste mixture containing strawberry extrudate, fish waste, sewage sludge and bulking agent (SEFW, 190:1:22:90 ratio) was carried out in a dynamic-solid respirometer at pilot scale. The aerobic biodegradability of the mixture was previously ensured in a static-liquid respirometer. The advantages and drawbacks of the SEFW co-composting process were subsequently identified through the determination of respirometric activity and the physical-chemical characterization of the waste, as well as the monitoring of odor emissions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334648/optimizing-withdrawal-from-drinking-water-reservoirs-to-reduce-downstream-temperature-pollution-and-reservoir-hypoxia
#8
M Weber, K Rinke, M R Hipsey, B Boehrer
Sustainable management of drinking water reservoirs requires balancing the demands of water supply whilst minimizing environmental impact. This study numerically simulates the effect of an improved withdrawal scheme designed to alleviate the temperature pollution downstream of a reservoir. The aim was to identify an optimal withdrawal strategy such that water of a desirable discharge temperature can be supplied downstream without leading to unacceptably low oxygen concentrations within the reservoir. First, we calibrated a one-dimensional numerical model for hydrodynamics and oxygen dynamics (GLM-AED2), verifying that the model reproduced water temperatures and hypolimnetic dissolved oxygen concentrations accurately over a 5 year period...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334452/quantitative-assessment-of-the-risk-of-release-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-via-export-of-bull-semen-from-israel
#9
A Meyer, L Zamir, A Ben Yair Gilboa, B Gelman, D U Pfeiffer, T Vergne
Various foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus strains circulate in the Middle East, causing frequent episodes of FMD outbreaks among Israeli livestock. Since the virus is highly resistant in semen, artificial insemination with contaminated bull semen may lead to the infection of the receiver cow. As a non-FMD-free country with vaccination, Israel is currently engaged in trading bull semen only with countries of the same status. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of release of FMD virus through export of bull semen in order to estimate the risk for FMD-free countries considering purchasing Israeli bull semen...
March 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334409/siapopr-a-computational-method-to-simulate-evolutionary-branching-trees-for-analysis-of-tumor-clonal-evolution
#10
Thomas O McDonald, Franziska Michor
Summary: SIApopr (Simulating Infinite-Allele populations) is an R package to simulate homogeneous and inhomogeneous stochastic branching processes under a very flexible set of assumptions using the speed of C ++. The software simulates clonal evolution with the emergence of driver and passenger mutations under the infinite-allele assumption. The software is an application of the Gillespie Stochastic Simulation Algorithm expanded to a large number of cell types and scenarios, with the intention of allowing users to easily modify existing models or create their own...
March 16, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334406/male-and-female-cervical-spine-biomechanics-and-anatomy-implication-for-scaling-injury-criteria
#11
Narayan Yoganandan, Cameron R Bass, Liming Voo, Frank A Pintar
There is an increased need to develop female-specific injury criteria and anthropomorphic test devices (dummies) for automotive and military environments, especially as women take occupational roles traditionally reserved for men. Although some exhaustive reviews on the biomechanics and injuries of the human spine have appeared in clinical and bioengineering literatures, focus on the difference between male and female cervical spine responses and characteristics has largely been ignored. Current neck injury criteria for automotive dummies for assessing crashworthiness and occupant safety are obtained from animal and human cadaver experiments, computational modeling and human volunteer studies...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334273/gwas-summary-based-pathway-analysis-correcting-for-the-genetic-confounding-impact-of-environmental-exposures
#12
Qianrui Fan, Feng Zhang, Wenyu Wang, Jiawen Xu, Jingcan Hao, Awen He, Yan Wen, Ping Li, Xiao Liang, Yanan Du, Li Liu, Cuiyan Wu, Sen Wang, Xi Wang, Yujie Ning, Xiong Guo
Genome-wide association study (GWAS)-based pathway association analysis is a powerful approach for the genetic studies of human complex diseases. However, the genetic confounding effects of environment exposure-related genes can decrease the accuracy of GWAS-based pathway association analysis of target diseases. In this study, we developed a pathway association analysis approach, named Mendelian randomization-based pathway enrichment analysis (MRPEA), which was capable of correcting the genetic confounding effects of environmental exposures, using the GWAS summary data of environmental exposures...
March 8, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334179/bayesian-distributed-lag-interaction-models-to-identify-perinatal-windows-of-vulnerability-in-children-s-health
#13
Ander Wilson, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright, Brent A Coull
Epidemiological research supports an association between maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and adverse children's health outcomes. Advances in exposure assessment and statistics allow for estimation of both critical windows of vulnerability and exposure effect heterogeneity. Simultaneous estimation of windows of vulnerability and effect heterogeneity can be accomplished by fitting a distributed lag model (DLM) stratified by subgroup. However, this can provide an incomplete picture of how effects vary across subgroups because it does not allow for subgroups to have the same window but different within-window effects or to have different windows but the same within-window effect...
February 27, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334151/strategies-for-processing-and-quality-control-of-illumina-genotyping-arrays
#14
Shilin Zhao, Wang Jing, David C Samuels, Quanghu Sheng, Yu Shyr, Yan Guo
Illumina genotyping arrays have powered thousands of large-scale genome-wide association studies over the past decade. Yet, because of the tremendous volume and complicated genetic assumptions of Illumina genotyping data, processing and quality control (QC) of these data remain a challenge. Thorough QC ensures the accurate identification of single-nucleotide polymorphisms and is required for the correct interpretation of genetic association results. By processing genotyping data on > 100 000 subjects from >10 major Illumina genotyping arrays, we have accumulated extensive experience in handling some of the most peculiar scenarios related to the processing and QC of Illumina genotyping data...
February 20, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334108/fast-admixture-analysis-and-population-tree-estimation-for-snp-and-ngs-data
#15
Yu Jade Cheng, Thomas Mailund, Rasmus Nielsen
Structure methods are highly used population genetic methods for classifying individuals in a sample fractionally into discrete ancestry components. We introduce a new optimization algorithm for the classical STRUCTURE model in a maximum likelihood framework. Using analyses of real data we show that the new method finds solutions with higher likelihoods than the state-of-the-art method inthe same computational time. The optimization algorithm is also applicable to models based on genotype likelihoods, that can account for the uncertainty in genotype-calling associated with Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data...
February 17, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333994/chronic-environmental-stress-enhances-tolerance-to-seasonal-gradual-warming-in-marine-mussels
#16
Ionan Marigómez, Maria Múgica, Urtzi Izagirre, Inna M Sokolova
In global climate change scenarios, seawater warming acts in concert with multiple stress sources, which may enhance the susceptibility of marine biota to thermal stress. Here, the responsiveness to seasonal gradual warming was investigated in temperate mussels from a chronically stressed population in comparison with a healthy one. Stressed and healthy mussels were subjected to gradual temperature elevation for 8 days (1°C per day; fall: 16-24°C, winter: 12-20°C, summer: 20-28°C) and kept at elevated temperature for 3 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333926/performance-of-tci-tcvi-tcii-chagas-flow-ate-igg2a-for-universal-and-genotype-specific-serodiagnosis-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection
#17
Glaucia Diniz Alessio, Fernanda Fortes de Araújo, Denise Fonseca Côrtes, Policarpo Ademar Sales Júnior, Daniela Cristina Lima, Matheus de Souza Gomes, Laurence Rodrigues do Amaral, Marcelo Antônio Pascoal Xavier, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, Marta de Lana
Distinct Trypanosoma cruzi genotypes have been considered relevant for patient management and therapeutic response Chagas disease. However, typing strategies for genotype-specific serodiagnosis of Chagas disease are still unavailable and requires standardization for practical application. In this study, an innovative TcI/TcVI/TcII Chagas Flow ATE-IgG2a technique was developed with applicability for universal and genotype-specific diagnosis of T. cruzi infection. For this purpose, the reactivity of serum samples (percentage of positive fluorescent parasites-PPFP) obtained from mice chronically infected with TcI/Colombiana, TcVI/CL or TcII/Y strain as well as non-infected controls were determined using amastigote-AMA, trypomastigote-TRYPO and epimastigote-EPI in parallel batches of TcI, TcVI and TcII target antigens...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333601/simultaneous-occurrence-of-varicella-zoster-virus-induced-pancreatitis-and-hepatitis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Puneet Chhabra, Priyadarshi Ranjan, Deepak K Bhasin
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal complications are common after renal transplantation, including oral lesions, esophagitis, gastritis, diarrhea, and colon carcinoma. The differential diagnosis is difficult in this scenario because multiple factors such as drugs, infections, and preexisting gastrointestinal disease come into play. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of varicella zoster virus-induced pancreatitis and hepatitis in a renal transplant recipient. The patient underwent renal transplantation 3 years earlier and now presented with severe pain in the epigastrium radiating to his back and had raised serum lipase levels and skin lesions characteristic of varicella...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333494/taxonomic-and-thematic-semantic-systems
#19
Daniel Mirman, Jon-Frederick Landrigan, Allison E Britt
Object concepts are critical for nearly all aspects of human cognition, from perception tasks like object recognition, to understanding and producing language, to making meaningful actions. Concepts can have 2 very different kinds of relations: similarity relations based on shared features (e.g., dog-bear), which are called "taxonomic" relations, and contiguity relations based on co-occurrence in events or scenarios (e.g., dog-leash), which are called "thematic" relations. Here, we report a systematic review of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience evidence of this distinction in the structure of semantic memory...
March 23, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333188/autologous-collagen-matrix-acm-lower-pole-support-with-a-supero-anterior-capsular-flap-in-secondary-subpectoral-breast-augmentation
#20
Paolo Montemurro, Mubashir Cheema, Per Hedén, Stefano Avvedimento, Mouchammed Agko, Alessandro Quattrini Li
Background: Secondary aesthetic breast surgery is a complex and challenging scenario. It requires the surgeon to identify contributing factors, provide patient education, make a further management plan, and optimize the conditions for a favorable result. Various techniques have been described in literature but the rate of reoperation is still high. The first author has been using a supero-anterior capsular flap with a neopectoral subcapsular pocket and an implant change in these cases...
January 27, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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