keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Natural capital

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107722/microalgae-biorefinery-high-value-products-perspectives
#1
Kit Wayne Chew, Jing Ying Yap, Pau Loke Show, Ng Hui Suan, Joon Ching Juan, Tau Chuan Ling, Duu-Jong Lee, Jo-Shu Chang
Microalgae have received much interest as a biofuel feedstock in response to the uprising energy crisis, climate change and depletion of natural sources. Development of microalgal biofuels from microalgae does not satisfy the economic feasibility of overwhelming capital investments and operations. Hence, high-value co-products have been produced through the extraction of a fraction of algae to improve the economics of a microalgae biorefinery. Examples of these high-value products are pigments, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins and anti-oxidants, with applications in cosmetics, nutritional and pharmaceuticals industries...
January 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101587/factors-limiting-formation-of-community-forestry-enterprises-in-the-southern-mixteca-region-of-oaxaca-mexico
#2
José Antonio Hernández-Aguilar, Héctor Sergio Cortina-Villar, Luis Enrique García-Barrios, Miguel Ángel Castillo-Santiago
Many studies have considered community-based forestry enterprises to be the best option for development of rural Mexican communities with forests. While some of Mexico's rural communities with forests receive significant economic and social benefits from having a community forestry enterprise, the majority have not formed such enterprises. The purpose of this article is to identify and describe factors limiting the formation of community forestry enterprise in rural communities with temperate forests in the Southern Mixteca region of Oaxaca, Mexico...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095933/understanding-older-adults-resilience-during-the-brisbane-floods-social-capital-life-experience-and-optimism
#3
Lauren Brockie, Evonne Miller
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how social capital or the impact of life and previous disaster experience facilitated resilience in older adults who experienced the 2011 and 2013 floods in Brisbane, Australia. METHODS: Data were drawn from in-depth interviews of 10 older adults from Brisbane who were evacuated in both the 2011 and 2013 floods. A combined qualitative approach drawing from the methods of constructivist grounded theory and narrative inquiry was applied and the data were analyzed by using (inductive) line-by-line and axial coding...
January 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089207/delivery-dilemmas-how-drug-cryptomarket-users-identify-and-seek-to-reduce-their-risk-of-detection-by-law-enforcement
#4
Judith Aldridge, Rebecca Askew
BACKGROUND: Cryptomarkets represent an important drug market innovation by bringing buyers and sellers of illegal drugs together in a 'hidden' yet public online marketplace. We ask: How do cryptomarket drug sellers and buyers perceive the risks of detection and arrest, and attempt to limit them? METHODS: We analyse selected texts produced by vendors operating on the first major drug cryptomarket, Silk Road (N=600) alongside data extracted from the marketplace discussion forum that include buyer perspectives...
January 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#5
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068567/anthropogenic-rare-earth-elements-and-their-spatial-distributions-in-the-han-river-south-korea
#6
Hyeongseok Song, Woo-Jin Shin, Jong-Sik Ryu, Hyung Seon Shin, Heesun Chung, Kwang-Sik Lee
Rare earth elements (REE) consist of lanthanides (from La to Lu), together with yttrium and scandium, in which anthropogenic REE, such as gadolinium (Gd), lanthanum (La), and samarium (Sm), has emerged as micro-contaminants in natural waters in highly developed countries. Here, we collected water samples in the Han River (HR) and its tributaries flowing through Seoul Capital Area, the world's second largest metropolitan area in order to examine how and to what extent anthropogenic REE anomalies may occur. Water samples show higher light REE concentrations than heavy REE concentrations, while wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) samples display much higher heavy REE concentrations due to high Gd concentration...
December 29, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056043/the-research-focus-of-nations-economic-vs-altruistic-motivations
#7
Richard Klavans, Kevin W Boyack
What motivates the research strategies of nations and institutions? We suggest that research primarily serves two masters-altruism and economic growth. Some nations focus more research in altruistic (or non-economic) fields while others focus more research in fields associated with economic growth. What causes this difference? Are there characteristics that would suggest why a nation is more aligned with altruism or economic growth? To answer this question, we have identified nine major fields of research by analyzing the publication activity of 4429 institutions using Scopus data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040828/whose-knowledge-whose-development-use-and-role-of-local-and-external-knowledge-in-agroforestry-projects-in-bolivia
#8
Johanna Jacobi, Sarah-Lan Mathez-Stiefel, Helen Gambon, Stephan Rist, Miguel Altieri
Agroforestry often relies on local knowledge, which is gaining recognition in development projects. However, how local knowledge can articulate with external and scientific knowledge is little known. Our study explored the use and integration of local and external knowledge in agroforestry projects in Bolivia. In 42 field visits and 62 interviews with agroforestry farmers, civil society representatives, and policymakers, we found a diverse knowledge base. We examined how local and external knowledge contribute to livelihood assets and tree and crop diversity...
December 31, 2016: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033572/persistent-organic-pollutants-heavy-metals-and-radioactivity-in-the-urban-soil-of-pri%C3%A5-tina-city-kosovo-and-metohija
#9
Ljiljana Gulan, Biljana Milenkovic, Tijana Zeremski, Gordana Milic, Biljana Vuckovic
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), heavy metals content and radioactivity levels were measured in 27 soil samples collected from Priština, the capital of Kosovo and Metohija. The sixteen PAHs, twelve OCPs and six PCBs congeners were determined by gas chromatography system with mass spectrometry detection. Although the use of PCBs and OCPs was prohibited decades ago residues of those compounds still existed in measurable concentrations in soils of Priština...
December 22, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976918/unraveling-the-sikasso-paradox-agricultural-change-and-malnutrition-in-sikasso-mali
#10
Matthew William Cooper, Colin Thor West
When cash cropping leads to agricultural and livelihood changes in the Global South, concern about food security is common among policy makers. This is indeed the case in the Sikasso region of Mali, where many have suggested that the ubiquitous cash crop cotton is a cause of the unexpectedly high rates of malnutrition in the region. Using household and forest surveys, we found little evidence that cotton cultivation is associated with malnutrition or decreased food security at a household level, but we did find evidence of a coassociation between cotton cultivation, loss of natural capital, and malnutrition at the village level...
December 15, 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968860/capitation-reform-in-the-pudong-new-area-of-shanghai-a-retrospective-time-series-analysis
#11
Zhiqun Shu, Limei Jing, Ming Li, Qunfang Zhang, Jiquan Lou, Xiaoming Sun
BACKGROUND: The New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NRCMS) covers 900 million farmers (about 95%) in China, but its fund is at serious risk of deficit. Shanghai, one of the developed cities in China, has developed its Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme and NRCMS as an advanced and exemplary representative of Chinese rural health insurance. The participating rate of NRCMS was 99·90% in Pudong New Area in 2015, which meant 277 310 farmers were involved, accounting for 29% of Shanghai's participants...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968831/mortality-as-a-function-of-dust-haze-in-china-a-multi-city-time-series-study
#12
Jun Yang, Maigeng Zhou, Peng Yin, Mengmeng Li, Chun-Quan Ou, Shaohua Gu, Qiyong Liu
BACKGROUND: In recent years, hazardous dust-hazehas become one of the most catastrophic weather events in China. Reliable estimation of the burden of dust-haze on health has implications for implementation of mitigation measures. We did a time-series study to examine the health effects of dust-haze in China. METHODS: A dust-haze day was defined ashaving daily visibility of less than 10 km, no rainfall, and relative humidity of less than 80%. A two-stage analysis was used to assess the effect of dust-haze on city-specific, cause-specific, sex-specific, and age-specific mortality in ten Chinese provincial capitals...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967116/characterization-of-multiple-topological-scales-in-multiplex-networks-through-supra-laplacian-eigengaps
#13
Emanuele Cozzo, Yamir Moreno
Multilayer networks have been the subject of intense research during the past few years, as they represent better the interdependent nature of many real-world systems. Here, we address the question of describing the three different structural phases in which a multiplex network might exist. We show that each phase can be characterized by the presence of gaps in the spectrum of the supra-Laplacian of the multiplex network. We therefore unveil the existence of different topological scales in the system, whose relation characterizes each phase...
November 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960589/targeting-cancer-stem-cells-with-natural-killer-cell-immunotherapy
#14
Jesus I Luna, Steven K Grossenbacher, William J Murphy, Robert J Canter
Standard cytoreductive cancer therapy, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, are frequently resisted by a small portion of cancer cells with 'stem-cell' like properties including quiescence and repopulation. Immunotherapy represents a breakthrough modality for improving oncologic outcomes in cancer patients. Since the success of immunotherapy is not contingent on target cell proliferation, it may also be uniquely suited to address the problem of resistance and repopulation exerted by cancer stem cells (CSCs)...
December 23, 2016: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939419/traditional-medicine-among-people-of-pakistani-descent-in-the-capital-region-of-copenhagen
#15
Sara Ramzan, Jens Soelberg, Anna K Jäger, Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Studies show that ethnic minorities continue to use their cultural traditional medicines also after migration to the West. Research in this field is necessary, given that little is known about traditional medicines' impact on health-related problems. This study sheds light on the issue through a qualitative study among ethnic Pakistanis residing in Denmark. AIM OF THE STUDY: The study addresses perception, knowledge and attitudes regarding the use of medicinal plants among Pakistanis living in Copenhagen...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925398/cell-based-biohybrid-drug-delivery-systems-the-best-of-the-synthetic-and-natural-worlds
#16
Samagya Banskota, Parisa Yousefpour, Ashutosh Chilkoti
The goal of drug delivery is to deliver therapeutics to the site of disease while reducing unwanted side effects. In recent years, a diverse variety of synthetic nano and microparticles have been developed as drug delivery systems. The success of these systems for drug delivery lies in their ability to overcome biological barriers such as the blood-brain barrier, to evade immune clearance and avoid nonspecific biodistribution. This Review provides an overview of recent advances in the design of biohybrid drug delivery systems, which combine cells with synthetic systems to overcome some of these biological hurdles...
December 7, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924178/a-comparative-study-of-the-epidemiological-aspects-of-legionnaires-disease-outbreaks-in-korea-and-japan-2010-2014
#17
Bok-Soon Han, Myeong-Jin Lee, Young-Hwan Kwon, Won-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we compared the epidemiological aspects of Legionnaire' disease (LD) outbreaks in Korea and Japan by analyzing the current state from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: The following factors were analyzed: nationwide cumulative incidence rate (CIR) per 100,000 populations and case-fatality rate in percentage, epidemiological aspects (i.e., case related to gender), male to female morbidity ratio (MFMR), age, seasonality and habitat distribution of LD cases...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923635/novel-application-of-a-radial-water-tread-maze-can-distinguish-cognitive-deficits-in-mice-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Marcella M Cline, Josh Yumul, Lisa Hysa, Dalia Murra, Gregory G Garwin, David G Cook, Warren Ladiges, Satoshi Minoshima, Donna J Cross
INTRODUCTION: The use of forced-swim, rat-validated cognition tests in mouse models of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) raises methodological concerns; such models are vulnerable to a number of confounding factors including impaired motor function and stress-induced non-compliance (failure to swim). This study evaluated the ability of a Radial Water Tread (RWT) maze, designed specifically for mice, that requires no swimming to distinguish mice with controlled cortical impact (CCI) induced TBI and Sham controls...
December 3, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917356/response-and-recovery-measures-for-two-floods-in-north-china-during-the-nineteenth-century-a-comparative-study
#19
Yu Ye, Xiuqi Fang, Fan Li
BACKGROUND: The process of human response to natural disasters and its mechanisms as revealed by historical events still has a broad significance for modern society. This study analyzed the disaster relief process and the social response for two floods in China: the Yongding River flood in 1801 and the Yellow River flood in 1841. These two floods reflect the different response processes between the national and provincial capitals during a stage of climate cooling and social transition in the Qing dynasty...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885899/regenerative-medicine-lessons-from-mother-nature
#20
Juan Diego Naranjo, Michelle E Scarritt, Luai Huleihel, Anjani Ravindra, Crisanto M Torres, Stephen F Badylak
Regenerative medicine strategies for the restoration of functional tissue have evolved from the concept of ex vivo creation of engineered tissue toward the broader concept of in vivo induction of functional tissue reconstruction. Multidisciplinary approaches are being investigated to achieve this goal using evolutionarily conserved principles of stem cell biology, developmental biology and immunology, current methods of engineering and medicine. This evolution from ex vivo tissue engineering to the manipulation of fundamental in vivo tenets of development and regeneration has the potential to capitalize upon the incredibly complex and only partially understood ability of cells to adapt, proliferate, self-organize and differentiate into functional tissue...
December 2016: Regenerative Medicine
keyword
keyword
81514
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"