keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ecosystem services

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812677/species-specific-responses-to-ocean-acidification-should-account-for-local-adaptation-and-adaptive-plasticity
#1
Cristian A Vargas, Nelson A Lagos, Marco A Lardies, Cristian Duarte, Patricio H Manríquez, Victor M Aguilera, Bernardo Broitman, Steve Widdicombe, Sam Dupont
Global stressors, such as ocean acidification, constitute a rapidly emerging and significant problem for marine organisms, ecosystem functioning and services. The coastal ecosystems of the Humboldt Current System (HCS) off Chile harbour a broad physical-chemical latitudinal and temporal gradient with considerable patchiness in local oceanographic conditions. This heterogeneity may, in turn, modulate the specific tolerances of organisms to climate stress in species with populations distributed along this environmental gradient...
March 13, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812672/rapid-and-direct-recoveries-of-predators-and-prey-through-synchronized-ecosystem-management
#2
Jameal F Samhouri, Adrian C Stier, Shannon M Hennessey, Mark Novak, Benjamin S Halpern, Phillip S Levin
One of the twenty-first century's greatest environmental challenges is to recover and restore species, habitats and ecosystems. The decision about how to initiate restoration is best-informed by an understanding of the linkages between ecosystem components and, given these linkages, an appreciation of the consequences of choosing to recover one ecosystem component before another. However, it remains difficult to predict how the sequence of species' recoveries within food webs influences the speed and trajectory of restoration, and what that means for human well-being...
March 1, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812661/human-population-growth-offsets-climate-driven-increase-in-woody-vegetation-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Martin Brandt, Kjeld Rasmussen, Josep Peñuelas, Feng Tian, Guy Schurgers, Aleixandre Verger, Ole Mertz, John R B Palmer, Rasmus Fensholt
The rapidly growing human population in sub-Saharan Africa generates increasing demand for agricultural land and forest products, which presumably leads to deforestation. Conversely, a greening of African drylands has been reported, but this has been difficult to associate with changes in woody vegetation. There is thus an incomplete understanding of how woody vegetation responds to socio-economic and environmental change. Here we used a passive microwave Earth observation data set to document two different trends in land area with woody cover for 1992-2011: 36% of the land area (6,870,000 km(2)) had an increase in woody cover largely in drylands, and 11% had a decrease (2,150,000 km(2)), mostly in humid zones...
March 6, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812589/connecting-earth-observation-to-high-throughput-biodiversity-data
#4
Alex Bush, Rahel Sollmann, Andreas Wilting, Kristine Bohmann, Beth Cole, Heiko Balzter, Christopher Martius, András Zlinszky, Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Christina A Cobbold, Terence P Dawson, Brent C Emerson, Simon Ferrier, M Thomas P Gilbert, Martin Herold, Laurence Jones, Fabian H Leendertz, Louise Matthews, James D A Millington, John R Olson, Otso Ovaskainen, Dave Raffaelli, Richard Reeve, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Torrey W Rodgers, Stewart Snape, Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers, Alfried P Vogler, Piran C L White, Martin J Wooster, Douglas W Yu
Understandably, given the fast pace of biodiversity loss, there is much interest in using Earth observation technology to track biodiversity, ecosystem functions and ecosystem services. However, because most biodiversity is invisible to Earth observation, indicators based on Earth observation could be misleading and reduce the effectiveness of nature conservation and even unintentionally decrease conservation effort. We describe an approach that combines automated recording devices, high-throughput DNA sequencing and modern ecological modelling to extract much more of the information available in Earth observation data...
June 22, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810514/multi-objective-spatial-tools-to-inform-maritime-spatial-planning-in-the-adriatic-sea
#5
Daniel Depellegrin, Stefano Menegon, Giulio Farella, Michol Ghezzo, Elena Gissi, Alessandro Sarretta, Chiara Venier, Andrea Barbanti
This research presents a set of multi-objective spatial tools for sea planning and environmental management in the Adriatic Sea Basin. The tools address four objectives: 1) assessment of cumulative impacts from anthropogenic sea uses on environmental components of marine areas; 2) analysis of sea use conflicts; 3) 3-D hydrodynamic modelling of nutrient dispersion (nitrogen and phosphorus) from riverine sources in the Adriatic Sea Basin and 4) marine ecosystem services capacity assessment from seabed habitats based on an ES matrix approach...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810509/spatiotemporal-assessment-and-trade-offs-of-multiple-ecosystem-services-based-on-land-use-changes-in-zengcheng-china
#6
Xiao Sun, Feng Li
Driven by rapid urbanization, land use change has become a significant factor influencing ecosystem services (ESs). To support the decision-making process of city planners and policy makers, assessing the spatiotemporal changes associated with multiple ESs is vital. In this study, we developed a general structure to assess the changes of multiple ESs in Zengcheng, China. A new index also was developed to measure the comprehensive ecosystem service (CES). Trade-offs of various ESs were analyzed by using correlation analysis...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810209/benefits-of-the-fire-mitigation-ecosystem-service-in-the-great-dismal-swamp-national-wildlife-refuge-virginia-usa
#7
Bryan Parthum, Emily Pindilli, Dianna Hogan
The Great Dismal Swamp (GDS) National Wildlife Refuge delivers multiple ecosystem services, including air quality and human health via fire mitigation. Our analysis estimates benefits of this service through its potential to reduce catastrophic wildfire related impacts on the health of nearby human populations. We used a combination of high-frequency satellite data, ground sensors, and air quality indices to determine periods of public exposure to dense emissions from a wildfire within the GDS. We examined emergency department (ED) visitation in seven Virginia counties during these periods, applied measures of cumulative Relative Risk to derive the effects of wildfire smoke exposure on ED visitation rates, and estimated economic losses using regional Cost of Illness values established within the US Environmental Protection Agency BenMAP framework...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809937/understanding-large-scale-long-term-larval-connectivity-patterns-the-case-of-the-northern-line-islands-in-the-central-pacific-ocean
#8
Lorenzo Mari, Luca Bonaventura, Andrea Storto, Paco Melià, Marino Gatto, Simona Masina, Renato Casagrandi
Protecting key hotspots of marine biodiversity is essential to maintain ecosystem services at large spatial scales. Protected areas serve not only as sources of propagules colonizing other habitats, but also as receptors, thus acting as protected nurseries. To quantify the geographical extent and the temporal persistence of ecological benefits resulting from protection, we investigate larval connectivity within a remote archipelago, characterized by a strong spatial gradient of human impact from pristine to heavily exploited: the Northern Line Islands (NLIs), including part of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (PRI-MNM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808552/evolution-of-mammalian-migrations-for-refuge-breeding-and-food
#9
Gitanjali E Gnanadesikan, William D Pearse, Allison K Shaw
Many organisms migrate between distinct habitats, exploiting variable resources while profoundly affecting ecosystem services, disease spread, and human welfare. However, the very characteristics that make migration captivating and significant also make it difficult to study, and we lack a comprehensive understanding of which species migrate and why. Here we show that, among mammals, migration is concentrated within Cetacea and Artiodactyla but also diffusely spread throughout the class (found in 12 of 27 orders)...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806549/liming-impacts-on-soils-crops-and-biodiversity-in-the-uk-a-review
#10
REVIEW
J E Holland, A E Bennett, A C Newton, P J White, B M McKenzie, T S George, R J Pakeman, J S Bailey, D A Fornara, R C Hayes
Fertile soil is fundamental to our ability to achieve food security, but problems with soil degradation (such as acidification) are exacerbated by poor management. Consequently, there is a need to better understand management approaches that deliver multiple ecosystem services from agricultural land. There is global interest in sustainable soil management including the re-evaluation of existing management practices. Liming is a long established practice to ameliorate acidic soils and many liming-induced changes are well understood...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804702/testing-socio-cultural-valuation-methods-of-ecosystem-services-to-explain-land-use-preferences
#11
Katja Schmidt, Ariane Walz, Berta Martín-López, René Sachse
Socio-cultural valuation still emerges as a methodological field in ecosystem service (ES) research and until now lacks consistent formalisation and balanced application in ES assessments. In this study, we examine the explanatory value of ES values for land use preferences. We use 563 responses to a survey about the Pentland Hills regional park in Scotland. Specifically, we aim to (1) identify clusters of land use preferences by using a novel visualisation tool, (2) test if socio-cultural values of ESs or (3) user characteristics are linked with land use preferences, and (4) determine whether both socio-cultural values of ESs and user characteristics can predict land use preferences...
August 2017: Ecosystem Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800978/modelling-landscape-dynamics-with-lst-in-protected-areas-of-western-ghats-karnataka
#12
T V Ramachandra, Setturu Bharath, Nimish Gupta
Forest ecosystems sustain biota on the earth as they are habitat to diverse biotic species, arrests soil erosion, play a crucial role in water cycle, sequester carbon, and helps in mitigating the impacts of global warming. Large scale land use land cover (LULC) change leading to deforestation is one of the drivers of global climate changes and alteration of biogeochemical cycles with significant consequences in ecosystem services and biodiversity. This has necessitated the investigation of LULC by mapping, monitoring and modelling spatio-temporal patterns and evaluating these in the context of human-environment interactions...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800692/does-the-developmental-stage-and-composition-of-riparian-forest-stand-affect-ecosystem-functioning-in-streams
#13
Sahadevan Seena, Francisco Carvalho, Fernanda Cássio, Cláudia Pascoal
A common watershed restoration practice to improve water quality and stream ecosystem functions and services is replanting riparian corridors with plant species that may differ from those of natural communities. This restoration practice may have consequences on the aquatic ecosystem processes because organisms obtain energy from leaf litter inputs of the riparian zones. Leaf litter decomposition in streams is a vital ecosystem-level process, which depends on the activity of microorganisms and invertebrates...
August 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797145/time-varying-environmental-control-of-phytoplankton-in-a-changing-estuarine-system
#14
M Celeste López Abbate, Juan Carlos Molinero, Valeria A Guinder, Gerardo M E Perillo, R Hugo Freije, Ulrich Sommer, Carla V Spetter, Jorge E Marcovecchio
Estuaries are among the most valuable aquatic systems by their services to human welfare. However, increasing human activities at the watershed along with the pressure of climate change are fostering the co-occurrence of multiple environmental drivers, and warn of potential negative impacts on estuaries resources. At present, no clear understanding of how coastal ecosystems will respond to the non-stationary effect of multiple drivers. Here we analysed the temporal interaction among multiple environmental drivers and their changing priority on shaping phytoplankton response in the Bahía Blanca Estuary, SW Atlantic Ocean...
August 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791040/rocking-the-boat-damage-to-eelgrass-by-swinging-boat-moorings
#15
Richard K F Unsworth, Beth Williams, Benjamin L Jones, Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth
Seagrass meadows commonly reside in shallow sheltered embayments typical of the locations that provide an attractive option for mooring boats. Given the potential for boat moorings to result in disturbance to the seabed due to repeated physical impact, these moorings may present a significant threat to seagrass meadows. The seagrass Zostera marina (known as eelgrass) is extensive across the northern hemisphere, forming critical fisheries habitat and creating efficient long-term stores of carbon in sediments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790190/landowner-behavior-can-determine-the-success-of-conservation-strategies-for-ecosystem-migration-under-sea-level-rise
#16
Christopher R Field, Ashley A Dayer, Chris S Elphick
The human aspects of conservation are often overlooked but will be critical for identifying strategies for biological conservation in the face of climate change. We surveyed the behavioral intentions of coastal landowners with respect to various conservation strategies aimed at facilitating ecosystem migration for tidal marshes. We found that several popular strategies, including conservation easements and increasing awareness of ecosystem services, may not interest enough landowners to allow marsh migration at the spatial scales needed to mitigate losses from sea-level rise...
August 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783783/yield-and-water-quality-impacts-of-field-scale-integration-of-willow-into-a-continuous-corn-rotation-system
#17
Colleen Zumpf, Herbert Ssegane, Maria Cristina Negri, Patty Campbell, Julian Cacho
Agricultural landscape design has gained recognition by the international environmental and development community as a strategy to address multiple goals in land, water, and ecosystem service management; however, field research is needed to quantify impacts on specific local environments. The production of bioenergy crops in specific landscape positions within a grain-crop field can serve the dual purpose of producing cellulosic biomass (nutrient recovery) while also providing regulating ecosystem services to improve water quality (nutrient reduction)...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783730/artificial-light-at-night-as-a-new-threat-to-pollination
#18
Eva Knop, Leana Zoller, Remo Ryser, Christopher Gerpe, Maurin Hörler, Colin Fontaine
Pollinators are declining worldwide and this has raised concerns for a parallel decline in the essential pollination service they provide to both crops and wild plants. Anthropogenic drivers linked to this decline include habitat changes, intensive agriculture, pesticides, invasive alien species, spread of pathogens and climate change. Recently, the rapid global increase in artificial light at night has been proposed to be a new threat to terrestrial ecosystems; the consequences of this increase for ecosystem function are mostly unknown...
August 2, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783021/acoustic-environments-matter-synergistic-benefits-to-humans-and-ecological-communities
#19
REVIEW
Clinton D Francis, Peter Newman, B Derrick Taff, Crow White, Christopher A Monz, Mitchell Levenhagen, Alissa R Petrelli, Lauren C Abbott, Jennifer Newton, Shan Burson, Caren B Cooper, Kurt M Fristrup, Christopher J W McClure, Daniel Mennitt, Michael Giamellaro, Jesse R Barber
Protected areas are critical locations worldwide for biodiversity preservation and offer important opportunities for increasingly urbanized humans to experience nature. However, biodiversity preservation and visitor access are often at odds and creative solutions are needed to safeguard protected area natural resources in the face of high visitor use. Managing human impacts to natural soundscapes could serve as a powerful tool for resolving these conflicting objectives. Here, we review emerging research that demonstrates that the acoustic environment is critical to wildlife and that sounds shape the quality of nature-based experiences for humans...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778004/measuring-conflicts-in-the-management-of-anthropized-ecosystems-evidence-from-a-choice-experiment-in-a-human-created-mediterranean-wetland
#20
Ángel Perni, José Miguel Martínez-Paz
Economic valuation of ecosystem services provides valuable information for the management of anthropized environments, where individual preferences can be heterogeneous and even opposed. Here, we discuss how these ecosystem services were approached in the literature and we address the main issues in relation to their economic valuation. We consider that avoiding misspecifications in economic valuation surveys requires considering the linkages between anthropized ecosystems and human intervention. To illustrate, we analyse the case study of a human-created Mediterranean wetland (El Hondo, SE Spain) using a Choice Experiment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
keyword
keyword
81513
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"