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direct peritoneal resuscitation

Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Some surgeons may lack proper experience in abdominal packing. Overpacking may directly compress the inferior vena cava (IVC). This reduces the venous return and possibly causes hypotension. Here, a new on table Point-of-Care Ultrasound application that has been recently used to assess the effect of abdominal packing on the IVC diameter is described. Following abdominal packing, a small print convex array probe with low frequency (2-5 MHz) is used to visualize the IVC. Using the B mode, the IVC can be directly evaluated through a hepatic window between the ribs...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Jessica L Weaver, Paul J Matheson, Ryan T Hurt, Cynthia D Downard, Craig J McClain, R Neal Garrison, Jason W Smith
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small segments of noncoding RNA that regulate gene expression and protein function, and therefore are key regulators of cellular processes including those of the inflammatory cascade after hemorrhagic shock (HS). We have previously shown that direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR), as an adjunct to traditional IV fluid resuscitation, improves visceral blood flow and reduces pro-inflammatory cytokines released during HS. The effects of DPR on hepatic miRNA (miR) expression patterns after resuscitated HS are not known...
July 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Jonathan Yong, Peter Hibbert, William B Runciman, Brendon J Coventry
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify clinical patterns of occurrence, management and outcomes surrounding cardiac arrest during laparoscopic surgery using the Australian Incident Monitoring Study (AIMS) database to guide possible prevention and treatment. SETTING: The AIMS database includes incident reports from participating clinicians from secondary and tertiary healthcare centres across Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: The AIMS database holds over 11 000 peri- and intraoperative incidents...
December 2015: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Jessica L Weaver, Jason W Smith
Conventional treatment for hemorrhagic shock includes the infusion of intravenous (IV) fluid and blood products in order to restore intravascular volume. However, even after normal heart rate and blood pressure are restored, the visceral organs often remain ischemic. This leads to organ dysfunction and also releases numerous cytokines and inflammatory mediators which activate the body's inflammatory response. The use of Direct Peritoneal Resuscitation (DPR) helps counteract this response. This requires infusion of hypertonic fluid into the abdomen in addition to IV resuscitation...
September 16, 2015: International Journal of Surgery
Kathleen M Finn, Jeffrey L Greenwald
BACKGROUND: The practice of hospital medicine is complex, and the number of clinical publications each year continues to grow. To maintain best practice it is necessary for hospitalists to stay abreast of the literature, but difficult to accomplish due to time. The annual Society of Hospital Medicine meeting offers a plenary session on Updates in Hospital Medicine. This article is a summary of those papers presented at the meeting. METHODS: We reviewed articles published between January 2014 and January 2015 in the leading medical journals, searching for papers with good methodological quality, the potential to change practice, and papers that are thought provoking...
December 2015: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Krstina Doklestić, Branislav Stefanović, Pavle Gregorić, Nenad Ivančević, Zlatibor Lončar, Bojan Jovanović, Vesna Bumbaširević, Vasilije Jeremić, Sanja Tomanović Vujadinović, Branislava Stefanović, Nataša Milić, Aleksandar Karamarković
BACKGROUND: Severe liver injury in trauma patients still accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. Operative techniques in liver trauma are some of the most challenging. They include the broad and complex area, from damage control to liver resection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study of 121 trauma patients with hepatic trauma American Association for Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grade III-V who have undergone surgery. Indications for surgery include refractory hypotension not responding to resuscitation due to uncontrolled hemorrhage from liver trauma; massive hemoperitonem on Focused assessment by ultrasound for trauma (FAST) and/or Diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) as well as Multislice Computed Tomography (MSCT) findings of the severe liver injury and major vascular injuries with active bleeding...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Masad Barhoum, Samuel Tobias, Moshe Elron, Aviram Sharon, Tariq Heija, Jean F Soustiel
BACKGROUND: As an expected consequence of the civil war in Syria, emergent neurosurgical care for battlefield trauma has been provided for severely head-injured Syrians transferred to Northern Israel. METHODS: Sixty-six patients suffering from brain injury were brought to the border and then referred to the institution after initial resuscitation. Both the time and type of injury were recorded based on paramedic testimony, forensic material or on details provided by patients...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: BioMed Research International
Trevor D Crafts, Erin Bailey Hunsberger, Amanda R Jensen, Frederick J Rescorla, Mervin C Yoder, Troy A Markel
BACKGROUND: Direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) has previously been shown to alter blood flow in the small bowel mesenteric vessels in models of intestinal ischemia. However, a survival advantage or its effects on local tissue inflammation have not been previously demonstrated. We hypothesized that DPR would increase survival and decrease intestinal tissue inflammation after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Eight-week-old male C57Bl6J mice were anesthetized and underwent midline laparotomy...
December 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Jason W Smith, Paul J Matheson, Gary Morgan, Amy Matheson, Cynthia Downard, Glen A Franklin, R Neal Garrison
BACKGROUND: Brain dead organ donors have altered central hemodynamic performance, impaired hormone physiology, exaggerated systemic inflammatory response, end-organ microcirculatory dysfunction, and tissue hypoxia. A new treatment, direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR), stabilizes vital organ blood flow after conventionally resuscitated shock to improve these derangements. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective case-control study of adjunctive DPR compared 26 experimental patients (brain dead organ donors) to 52 controls (protocolized conventionally resuscitated donors)...
April 2015: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Tyler Loftus, Frederick Moore, Erin VanZant, Trina Bala, Scott Brakenridge, Chasen Croft, Lawrence Lottenberg, Winston Richards, David Mozingo, Linda Atteberry, Alicia Mohr, Janeen Jordan
BACKGROUND: Differentiating between partial adhesive small bowel obstruction (aSBO) likely to resolve with medical management and complete obstruction requiring operative intervention remains elusive. We implemented a standardized protocol for the management of aSBO and reviewed our experience retrospectively. METHODS: Patients with symptoms of aSBO were admitted for intravenous fluid resuscitation, bowel rest, nasogastric tube decompression, and abdominal examinations every 4 hours...
January 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Cw Kam, Ch Lai, Sk Lam, Fl So, Cl Lau, Kh Cheung
This review aims to provide a concise overview of the trauma management evolution in the past decade. 1) Trauma care priorities have incorporated staff protection against infection and early decision making in addition to the conventional ABCDE. 2) Five stratified levels for DAM have replaced the non-specific conventional Plans A & B. 3) CT scanning can be the tunnel to death for the hemodynamically unstable patient. 4) DPL has virtually been replaced by the FAST USG. 5) Direct whole-body MDCT provides rapid imaging diagnosis & expedites the definitive treatment but carries high radiation hazards...
2010: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
C Mauffrey, D O Cuellar, F Pieracci, D J Hak, E M Hammerberg, P F Stahel, C C Burlew, E E Moore
Exsanguination is the second most common cause of death in patients who suffer severe trauma. The management of haemodynamically unstable high-energy pelvic injuries remains controversial, as there are no universally accepted guidelines to direct surgeons on the ideal use of pelvic packing or early angio-embolisation. Additionally, the optimal resuscitation strategy, which prevents or halts the progression of the trauma-induced coagulopathy, remains unknown. Although early and aggressive use of blood products in these patients appears to improve survival, over-enthusiastic resuscitative measures may not be the safest strategy...
September 2014: Bone & Joint Journal
Jason W Smith, R Neal Garrison, Paul J Matheson, Brian G Harbrecht, Matthew V Benns, Glen A Franklin, Keith R Miller, Matthew C Bozeman, J David Richardson
BACKGROUND: The success of damage-control surgery (DCS) for the treatment of trauma has led to its use in other surgical problems such as abdominal sepsis. Previous studies using direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR) for the treatment of trauma have yielded promising results. We present the results of the application of this technique to patients experiencing abdominal sepsis. METHODS: We enrolled 88 DCS patients during a 5 year-period (January 2008 to December 2012) into a propensity-matched study to evaluate the utility of using DPR in addition to standard resuscitation...
September 2014: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Jing-Jing Zhang, Zong-Ze Zhang, Jian-Juan Ke, Xiang-Hu He, Jia Zhan, Dong-Ling Chen, Yi-Peng Wang, Yan-Lin Wang
OBJECTIVE: We explored the effects of direct peritoneal resuscitation with pyruvate-peritoneal dialysis solution (PDS) following intravenous resuscitation (VR) on intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats with hemorrhagic shock (HS). METHODS: Fifty rats were randomly assigned equally to five groups. In group sham, a surgical operation was performed on rats without shock or resuscitation. In group VR, rats were subjected only to VR. In groups NS, LA, and PY, direct peritoneal resuscitation was performed with normal saline (NS), lactate-based PDS (Lac-PDS), and pyruvate-based PDS (Pyr-PDS), respectively, after VR...
November 2014: Shock
Jason W Smith, Cameron A Ghazi, Brandon C Cain, Ryan T Hurt, R Neal Garrison, Paul J Matheson
BACKGROUND: Brain death in organ donors alters central hemodynamic performance, impairs physiology, exaggerates inflammation, and causes end-organ microcirculatory dysfunction and hypoxia. A new treatment, direct peritoneal resuscitation (DPR), might improve these derangements in acute brain death (ABD). STUDY DESIGN: We studied a standardized rodent model of brain death with matched controls to assess the efficacy of DPR as a resuscitation strategy after ABD. Anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized as follows: ABD (supradural balloon inflation) with minimal IV fluid (IVF; 2 mL/h, n = 12); ABD + adequate IVF (5 mL/h, n = 12); ABD with aggressive IVF (goal: mean arterial pressure [MAP] >80 mmHg, n = 15); or ABD + IVF + DPR (goal: MAP >80 mmHg, n = 12)...
July 2014: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Jae Jin Ko, F A Tony Mann
Barium peritonitis is extremely rare, but is difficult to treat and may be life-threatening. Barium suspension leakage from the gastrointestinal tract into the abdominal cavity has a time-dependent and synergistically deleterious effect in patients who have generalized bacterial peritonitis. The severity of barium peritonitis is dependent on the quantity of barium in the abdominal cavity. Barium sulfate leakage results in hypovolemia and hypoproteinemia by worsening the exudation of extracellular fluid and albumin...
May 2014: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
D G Weber, C Bendinelli, Z J Balogh
BACKGROUND: Damage control surgery is a management sequence initiated to reduce the risk of death in severely injured patients presenting with physiological derangement. Damage control principles have emerged as an approach in non-trauma abdominal emergencies in order to reduce mortality compared with primary definitive surgery. METHODS: A PubMed/MEDLINE literature review was conducted of data available over the past decade (up to August 2013) to gain information on current understanding of damage control surgery for abdominal surgical emergencies...
January 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Marcelo Park, André Loureiro Rosário, Guilherme de Paula Pinto Schettino, Luciano César Pontes Azevedo
OBJECTIVES: Although fluid resuscitation guided by central venous oxygen saturation (SvcO2) is currently considered the gold standard in sepsis therapy, few studies have described hemodynamic and perfusion parameters during this procedure. This study aims to describe these parameters during septic shock without resuscitation and after 12 hours of goal-directed resuscitation. METHODS: Thirteen anesthetized pigs (35-45 kg) had peritonitis caused by fecal inoculation (0...
September 2011: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Marko Sainio, Robert M Sutton, Heini Huhtala, Joar Eilevstjønn, Jyrki Tenhunen, Klaus T Olkkola, Vinay M Nadkarni, Sanna Hoppu
UNLABELLED: A 2-year-old boy found in cardiac arrest secondary to drowning received standard CPR for 35 minutes and was transported to a tertiary hospital for rewarming from hypothermia. Chest compressions in hospital were started using two-thumb encircling hands technique. Subsequently two-thumbs direct sternal compression technique and after sternal force/depth sensor placement, chest compression with classic one-hand technique were done. By using CPR recording/feedback defibrillator, quantitative CPR quality data and invasive arterial pressures were available for analyses for 5 hours and 35 minutes...
2013: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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