keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Food choice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546650/samango-monkeys-cercopithecus-albogularis-labiatus-manage-risk-in-a-highly-seasonal-human-modified-landscape-in-amathole-mountains-south-africa
#1
Katarzyna Nowak, Kirsten Wimberger, Shane A Richards, Russell A Hill, Aliza le Roux
Wild species use habitats that vary in risk across space and time. This risk can derive from natural predators and also from direct and indirect human pressures. A starving forager will often take risks that a less hungry forager would not. At a highly seasonal and human-modified site, we predicted that arboreal samango monkeys (Cercopithecus albogularis labiatus) would show highly flexible, responsive, risk-sensitive foraging. We first determined how monkeys use horizontal and vertical space across seasons to evaluate if high-risk decisions (use of gardens and ground) changed with season, a proxy for starvation risk...
2017: International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543944/anterior-cingulate-cortex-supports-effort-allocation-toward-a-qualitatively-preferred-option
#2
Evan E Hart, Julian O Gerson, Yael Zoken, Marisella Garcia, Alicia Izquierdo
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is known to be involved in effortful choice, yet its role in cost-benefit evaluation of qualitatively different rewards (more/less preferred), beyond magnitude differences (larger/smaller), is poorly understood. Selecting between qualitatively different options is a decision type commonly faced by humans. Here we assessed the role of ACC on a task that has primarily been used to probe striatal function in motivation. Rats were trained to stable performance on a progressive ratio schedule for sucrose pellets and were then given sham surgeries (control) or excitotoxic NMDA-lesions of ACC...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542615/taking-dietary-habits-into-account-a-computational-method-for-modeling-food-choices-that-goes-beyond-price
#3
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Takeru Igusa
Computational models have gained popularity as a predictive tool for assessing proposed policy changes affecting dietary choice. Specifically, they have been used for modeling dietary changes in response to economic interventions, such as price and income changes. Herein, we present a novel addition to this type of model by incorporating habitual behaviors that drive individuals to maintain or conform to prior eating patterns. We examine our method in a simulated case study of food choice behaviors of low-income adults in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542394/incorporating-public-priorities-in-the-ocean-health-index-canada-as-a-case-study
#4
Rémi M Daigle, Philippe Archambault, Benjamin S Halpern, Julia S Stewart Lowndes, Isabelle M Côté
The Ocean Health Index (OHI) is a framework to assess ocean health by considering many benefits (called 'goals') provided by the ocean provides to humans, such as food provision, tourism opportunities, and coastal protection. The OHI framework can be used to assess marine areas at global or regional scales, but how various OHI goals should be weighted to reflect priorities at those scales remains unclear. In this study, we adapted the framework in two ways for application to Canada as a case study. First, we customized the OHI goals to create a national Canadian Ocean Health Index (COHI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#5
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors following exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise - relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure - on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index: 22...
May 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542002/assessment-of-behavioral-disruption-in-rats-with-abdominal-inflammation-using-visual-cue-titration-and-the-five-choice-serial-reaction-time-task
#6
Thomas J Martin, Tracy J Strassburg, Amanda L Grigg, Susy A Kim, Douglas G Ririe, James C Eisenach
BACKGROUND: Both acute and chronic pain result in a number of behavioral symptoms in patients, including cognitive effects such as decreased attention and working memory. Intraperitoneal administration of dilute lactic acid in rodents has been used to induce abdominal inflammation and produce effects in behavioral assays of both sensory-discriminative and affective pain modalities. METHODS: Intraperitoneal injection of dilute lactic acid was used to study the impact of abdominal inflammation on an operant task requiring sustained visual attention in rats (N = 7 to 15/group) that adapts dynamically to performance ability...
May 25, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541498/how-food-insecurity-could-lead-to-obesity-in-lmics-%C3%A2-when-not-enough-is-too-much-a-realist-review-of-how-food-insecurity-could-lead-to-obesity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Penny Farrell, Anne Marie Thow, Seye Abimbola, Neha Faruqui, Joel Negin
While food insecurity is a well-known cause of under-nutrition and stunting, in recent decades it has also been linked with obesity. Understanding and thus minimising the risk factors for obesity in low- and middle-income country contexts, which often lack the health system capacity to treat the consequent obesity-related illnesses, is crucial. This study adopted realist review methodology because it enabled us to analyse and organise the evidence from low- and middle-income countries into a coherent scheme...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541069/reading-between-the-menu-lines-are-restaurants-descriptions-of-healthy-foods-unappealing
#8
Bradley P Turnwald, Dan Jurafsky, Alana Conner, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: As obesity rates continue to climb in America, much of the blame has fallen on the high-calorie meals at popular chain restaurants. Many restaurants have responded by offering "healthy" menu options. Yet menus' descriptions of healthy options may be less attractive than their descriptions of less healthy, standard options. This study examined the hypothesis that the words describing items in healthy menu sections are less appealing than the words describing items in standard menu sections...
May 25, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540315/invasive-listeria-monocytogenes-gastroenteritis-leading-to-stupor-bacteremia-fever-and-diarrhea-a-rare-life-threatening-condition
#9
Hassan Mehmood, Asghar Dil Jan Khan Marwat, Noman Ahmed Jang Khan
Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive, rod-shaped organism that can cause serious infections such as meningitis, invasive gastroenteritis, and endocarditis. Every year 1600 people in the United States are affected, with significant mortality of 260 people annually. Listeria gastroenteritis has the third highest mortality rate among all the food-borne infection. Invasive listeriosis most commonly affect pregnant women, those in extremes of ages, people with comorbid diseases, and people with weakened immune response...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540072/standard-imaging-techniques-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#10
REVIEW
Arash Salemi, Berhane M Worku
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become a widely accepted therapeutic option for patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis at intermediate, high, or extreme risk for conventional surgery as determined through a heart team approach. Two valve prostheses are currently available and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in the United States for TAVR: the self-expandable Medtronic CoreValve (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) and the balloon-expandable Edwards Sapien Valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine CA, USA)...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539584/hunger-enhances-consistent-economic-choices-in-non-human-primates
#11
Hiroshi Yamada
Hunger and thirst are fundamental biological processes that drive consumption behavior in humans and non-human animals. While the existing literature in neuroscience suggests that these satiety states change how consumable rewards are represented in the brain, it remains unclear as to how they change animal choice behavior and the underlying economic preferences. Here, I used combined techniques from experimental economics, psychology, and neuroscience to measure food preferences of marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus), a recently developed primate model for neuroscience...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539461/contrasting-effects-of-aquatic-subsidies-on-a-terrestrial-trophic-cascade
#12
Nadin Graf, Roman Bucher, Ralf B Schäfer, Martin H Entling
Subsidies from adjacent ecosystems can alter recipient food webs and ecosystem functions, such as herbivory. Emerging aquatic insects from streams can be an important prey in the riparian zone. Such aquatic subsidies can enhance predator abundances or cause predators to switch prey, depending on the herbivores. This can lead to an increase or decrease of in situ herbivores and herbivory. We examined the effects of aquatic subsidies on a simplified terrestrial food web consisting of two types of herbivores, plants and predators (spiders)...
May 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538799/comparison-of-motives-underlying-food-choice-and-barriers-to-healthy-eating-among-low-medium-income-consumers-in-uruguay
#13
Gastón Ares, Leandro Machín, Alejandra Girona, María Rosa Curutchet, Ana Giménez
Interventions aimed at changing dietary patterns should be designed based on the main motives underlying the food choices of specific target populations. The aim of the present study was to identify motives underlying food choice and barriers to healthy eating among consumers in two socioeconomic levels in Uruguay. Eleven focus groups were carried out with a total of 76 participants. Six of the groups involved low income participants and the others were conducted with middle income participants. Discussions were held around frequently consumed products, motives underlying food choices and barriers to healthy eating...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537084/bringing-menu-labelling-to-independent-restaurants-findings-from-a-voluntary-pilot-project-in-toronto
#14
Tara Brown, Loren Vanderlinden, Anne Birks, Dia Mamatis, Jennifer Levy, Tina Sahay
Toronto Public Health conducted a pilot project to assess the feasibility of menu labelling by independent restaurants. The pilot project was informed by consultations with the industry and other jurisdictions that have implemented a similar initiative. Public Health Dietitians worked closely with these restaurants to help them work toward posting calories and sodium on their menus. This paper reports on the findings of a feasibility assessment that took a mixed-methods approach resulting in a comprehensive process evaluation...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536057/is-decision-making-ability-related-to-food-choice-and-facets-of-eating-behaviour-in-adolescents
#15
Rosemarie Macchi, Laura MacKew, Caroline Davis
PURPOSE: To test the prediction that poor decision-making would predict poor eating-related behaviours, which in turn would relate to elevated body mass index (BMI) percentile. METHODS: Associations among decision-making ability, eating behaviours, and BMI percentile were examined in a sample of 311 healthy male and female adolescents, aged 14-18 years. Structural equation modelling was used to test the proposed relationships. RESULTS: The predicted model was a good fit to the data and all paths between latent and indicator variables were significant...
May 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536056/predicting-healthy-eating-intention-and-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-during-pregnancy-in-australia-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#16
Lenka Malek, Wendy J Umberger, Maria Makrides, ShaoJia Zhou
This study aims to aid in the development of more effective healthy eating intervention strategies for pregnant women by understanding the relationship between healthy eating intention and actual eating behaviour. Specifically, the study explored whether Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) constructs [attitude, subjective-norm, perceived-behavioural-control (PBC)] and additional psychosocial variables (perceived stress, health value and self-identity as a healthy eater) are useful in explaining variance in women's 1) intentions to consume a healthy diet during pregnancy and 2) food consumption behaviour (e...
May 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535255/tea-and-coffee-consumption-in-relation-to-dna-methylation-in-four-european-cohorts
#17
Weronica E Ek, Elmar W Tobi, Muhammad Ahsan, Erik Lampa, Erica Ponzi, Soterios A Kyrtopoulos, Panagiotis Georgiadis, L H Lumey, Bastiaan T Heijmans, Maria Botsivali, Ingvar A Bergdahl, Torgny Karlsson, Mathias Rask-Andersen, Domenico Palli, Erik Ingelsson, Åsa K Hedman, Lena M Nilsson, Paolo Vineis, Lars Lind, James M Flanagan, Åsa Johansson
Lifestyle factors, such as food choices and exposure to chemicals, can alter DNA methylation and lead to changes in gene activity. Two such exposures with pharmacologically active components are coffee and tea consumption. Both coffee and tea has been suggested to play an important role in modulating disease-risk in humans by suppressing tumour progression, decreasing inflammation and influencing estrogen metabolism. These mechanisms may be mediated by changes in DNA methylation.To investigate if DNA methylation in blood is associated with coffee and tea consumption we performed a genome-wide DNA methylation study for coffee and tea consumption in four European cohorts (N = 3,096)...
May 23, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535116/is-mannitol-the-treatment-of-choice-for-patients-with-ciguatera-fish-poisoning
#18
Michael E Mullins, Robert S Hoffman
CONTEXT: Ciguatera fish poisoning arises primarily from consumption of carnivorous reef fish caught in tropical and sub-tropical waters. Ciguatoxins, a class of tasteless, heat-stable, polycyclic toxins produced by dinoflagellates, accumulate through the food chain and concentrate in various carnivorous fish, such as groupers, barracudas, wrasses, amberjack, kingfishes, and eels. Characteristics of ciguatera fish poisoning include early nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea in the first one to two days post ingestion, followed by the appearance of sensory disturbances...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533319/evaluating-the-cardiovascular-safety-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#19
REVIEW
Elliott M Antman
Some drugs used to treat noncardiovascular conditions may adversely impact the cardiovascular status of individuals both with and without known cardiovascular disease. When the US Food and Drug Administration judges the potential cardiovascular safety signal to be of sufficient concern, it may require the pharmaceutical manufacturer of the drug in question to conduct a postmarketing (phase 4) randomized controlled trial (RCT). Although historically many phase 4 RCTs focused on efficacy (using a superiority design), contemporary phase 4 RCTs often are focused on safety and use a noninferiority design...
May 23, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533158/relationships-between-food-neophobia-and-food-intake-and-preferences-findings-from-a-sample-of-new-zealand-adults
#20
S R Jaeger, M A Rasmussen, J Prescott
Food neophobia (FN) has been shown to be a strong influence on food preferences using primarily small data sets. This has limited the explanatory power of FN and the extent to which it can be related to other factors that influence food choice. To address these limitations, we collected Food Neophobia Scale data from 1167 adults from New Zealand over a 45-month period. Participants also completed a 112-item food preference questionnaire and a self-report 24°hour, a 145 item food intake recall survey, and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ)...
May 19, 2017: Appetite
keyword
keyword
81489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"