keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Food choice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453795/closing-the-gap-in-paediatric-ventricular-assist-device-therapy-with-the-berlin-heart-excor%C3%A2-15-ml-pump%C3%A2
#1
Fabrizio De Rita, Massimo Griselli, Eugen Sandica, Oliver Miera, Ann Karimova, Yves d'Udekem, Ranny Goldwasser, Katarzyna Januszewska, Antonio Amodeo, Nadine Jurrmann, Simon Ersel, Ares K Menon
OBJECTIVES: The Berlin Heart EXCOR ® (EXCOR) paediatric ventricular assist device is used worldwide for mechanical support of infants and small children with end-stage heart failure. A clinically important gap between the smallest EXCOR blood pump (10 ml) and the next larger size (25 ml) limited the choice of pump size in patients with a body surface area (BSA) between 0.33 and 0.5 m 2 . We present the first clinical experience from the early product surveillance (EPS) of the new EXCOR 15-ml blood pump...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448690/evaluation-of-column-length-and-particle-size-effect-on-the-untargeted-profiling-of-a-phytochemical-mixture-by-using-uhplc-coupled-to-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#2
Riccardo Zenezini Chiozzi, Anna Laura Capriotti, Chiara Cavaliere, Francesca Ferraris, Giorgia La Barbera, Susy Piovesana, Aldo Laganà
Liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry is the technique of choice for the untargeted profiling of food matrices. Despite the high potential of high-resolution mass spectrometry, when dealing with complex mixtures, an efficient separation technique is also needed. The novel core-shell chromatographic columns packed with sub-2 μm sized particles are claimed to show very good resolution. However, the analytes retention can be significantly altered when working under ultra-high performance chromatographic conditions...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448460/assessing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-and-health-co-benefits-a-structured-review-of-lifestyle-related-climate-change-mitigation-strategies
#3
REVIEW
Vivian G M Quam, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel B M Quam, Rebekah A I Lucas
This is the first structured review to identify and summarize research on lifestyle choices that improve health and have the greatest potential to mitigate climate change. Two literature searches were conducted on: (1) active transport health co-benefits, and (2) dietary health co-benefits. Articles needed to quantify both greenhouse gas emissions and health or nutrition outcomes resulting from active transport or diet changes. A data extraction tool (PRISMA) was created for article selection and evaluation...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448078/food-consumption-and-nutrient-intake-in-relation-to-denture-use-in-55-to-84-year-old-men-and-women-results-of-a-population-based-survey
#4
L Jauhiainen, S Männistö, P Ylöstalo, M Vehkalahti, A Nordblad, A W Turunen, A L N Suominen
OBJECTIVE: To study differences in consumption of foods and intake of nutrients attributable to denture status. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data from a cross-sectional, nationally representative Health 2000 Survey, subjects aged 55-84 years (n=2,241). MEASUREMENTS: Denture status (edentulous with full dentures, own dentition with removable dentures, own dentition with no removable dentures) was used as an explanatory variable. The consumption of foods and intake of nutrients was used as an outcome variable and was measured using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444823/dissociable-corticostriatal-circuits-underlie-goal-directed-versus-cue-elicited-habitual-food-seeking-after-satiation-evidence-from-a-multimodal-mri-study
#5
Henk van Steenbergen, Poppy Watson, Reinout W Wiers, Bernhard Hommel, Sanne de Wit
The present multimodal MRI study advances our understanding of the corticostriatal circuits underlying goal-directed versus cue-driven, habitual food seeking. To this end, we employed a computerized Pavlovian-instrumental transfer (PIT) paradigm. During the test phase, participants were free to perform learnt instrumental responses (left and right key presses) for popcorn and Smarties outcomes. Importantly, prior to this test half of the participants had been sated on popcorn and the other half on Smarties - resulting in a reduced desirability of those outcomes...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442370/modulation-of-drug-choice-by-extended-drug-access-and-withdrawal-in-rhesus-monkeys-implications-for-negative-reinforcement-as-a-driver-of-addiction-and-target-for-medications-development
#6
REVIEW
S Stevens Negus, Matthew L Banks
Chronic drug exposure is hypothesized to recruit negative reinforcement processes that increase the magnitude and alter the mechanisms of drug reinforcement. Candidate substrates of negative reinforcement include increased signaling via stress-related neurotransmitters such as corticotropin releasing factor (CRF, acting at CRF receptors) or dynorphin (acting at kappa opioid receptors) and/or decreased signaling via reward-related neurotransmitters such as dopamine. Determinants of drug reinforcement can be examined with choice procedures, in which subjects choose between a drug of interest (e...
April 22, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441986/medical-therapy-versus-dietary-avoidance-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-which-approach-is-better
#7
Mirna Chehade, Ellen Sher
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disease characterized by esophageal symptoms and esophageal eosinophilia. It is induced by food triggers and by environmental allergens in some patients. No U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved therapies exist for patients with EoE. Common therapies include topical corticosteroids (TCS) and dietary restriction. METHODS: This article reviewed the pros and cons of a medical versus dietary approach in treating EoE in children and adults...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441450/commensal-bacteria-and-essential-amino-acids-control-food-choice-behavior-and-reproduction
#8
Ricardo Leitão-Gonçalves, Zita Carvalho-Santos, Ana Patrícia Francisco, Gabriela Tondolo Fioreze, Margarida Anjos, Célia Baltazar, Ana Paula Elias, Pavel M Itskov, Matthew D W Piper, Carlos Ribeiro
Choosing the right nutrients to consume is essential to health and wellbeing across species. However, the factors that influence these decisions are poorly understood. This is particularly true for dietary proteins, which are important determinants of lifespan and reproduction. We show that in Drosophila melanogaster, essential amino acids (eAAs) and the concerted action of the commensal bacteria Acetobacter pomorum and Lactobacilli are critical modulators of food choice. Using a chemically defined diet, we show that the absence of any single eAA from the diet is sufficient to elicit specific appetites for amino acid (AA)-rich food...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440783/social-vulnerability-and-hypoglycemia-among-patients-with-diabetes
#9
Jorge Waitman, Gabriela Caeiro, Silvana A Romero Gonzalez, Danila P Ré, Andrea Daghero, Claudio D Gonzalez, Guillermo E Umpierrez
Lower-income populations are hit harder by the diabetes epidemic as regards both prevalence and the risk of complications. Food Insecurity is one of the mechanisms through which poverty may predispose people with low socio-economic status to poorer control and higher complication rates. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization defined food security as "the right to have access to sufficient nutritional and culturally acceptable food choices." Adults suffering from diabetes with limited income have a 40% greater chance of having food insecurity and an inadequate blood glucose control...
February 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434893/what-makes-people-leave-their-food-the-interaction-of-personal-and-situational-factors-leading-to-plate-leftovers-in-canteens
#10
Bettina Anne-Sophie Lorenz, Monika Hartmann, Nina Langen
In order to provide a basis for the reduction of food losses, our study analyzes individual food choice, eating and leftover behavior in a university canteen by consideration of personal, social and environmental determinants. Based on an extended literature review, a structural equation model is derived and empirically tested for a sample of 343 students. The empirical estimates support the derived model with a good overall model fit and sufficient R(2) values for dependent variables. Hence, our results provide evidence for a general significant impact of behavioral intention and related personal and social determinants as well as for the relevance of environmental/situational determinants such as portion sizes and palatability of food for plate leftovers...
April 20, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434807/claimed-effects-outcome-variables-and-methods-of-measurement-for-health-claims-proposed-under-european-community-regulation-1924-2006-in-the-framework-of-protection-against-oxidative-damage-and-cardiovascular-health
#11
REVIEW
D Martini, S Rossi, B Biasini, I Zavaroni, G Bedogni, M Musci, C Pruneti, G Passeri, M Ventura, S Di Nuzzo, D Galli, P Mirandola, M Vitale, A Dei Cas, R C Bonadonna, D Del Rio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The high number of negative opinions from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to the requests for authorization of health claims is largely due to the design of human intervention studies, including the inappropriate choice of outcome variables (OVs) and of their methods of measurement (MMs). The present manuscript reports the results of an investigation aimed to collect, collate and critically analyse the information in relation to claimed effects, OVs and MMs, in the context of protection against oxidative damage and cardiovascular health compliant with Regulation 1924/2006...
February 13, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432008/turkish-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-validity-and-reliability-among-university-students
#12
Murat Bas, Kezban Esen Karaca, Duygu Saglam, Gozde Arıtıcı, Ecem Cengiz, Selen Köksal, Aylin Hasbay Buyukkaragoz
Intuitive Eating is defined as "the dynamic process-integrating attunement of mind, body, and food". The purpose of this study was, therefore, adapt the IES-2 to the Turkish language and reliability and validity of IES-2 among Turkish populations. We also examined the instrument's internal consistency and test-retest reliability and analysed the relationships between the IES-2 and several variables so as to evaluate the convergent and discriminant validity. Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate and postgraduate women and men between the ages of 19-31 years (mean 22...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430798/evaluation-of-mature-soybean-pods-as-a-food-source-for-two-pod-sucking-bugs-riptortus-pedestris-hemiptera-alydidae-and-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#13
M Mahbubur Rahman, Un Taek Lim
Riptortus pedestris (Fabricius) and Halyomorpha halys (Stål) cause injury to soybeans by piercing and sucking pods and seeds. Growers believe that new damage decreases near to harvest despite the occurrence of these bugs at that time. As this question has never been assessed, we evaluated two diets: a) mature soybean pods (dried shell + dried soybean seeds) and b) dried soybean seeds for the two bugs by assessing their biological, behavioral, and morphological attributes on each diet in laboratory. While nymphs of both species were able to develop and adults able to reproduce on the tested diets, bugs fed on pods had longer development times and 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#14
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429158/food-insecurity-substance-use-and-sexual-transmission-risk-behavior-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-daily-level-analysis
#15
Jennifer A Pellowski, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Seth C Kalichman
People living with HIV in poverty have limited tangible and mental resources coupled with competing demands for these resources. Competing demands require individuals to make choices that may be beneficial to them in the short term but not in the long term. Past research has shown that food insecurity is related to sexual risk behaviors among people living with HIV. Individuals who are food insecure may sell sex in order to obtain food or lack of food may lead to a depletion of mental resources to negotiate safe sex...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428855/conditions-on-the-mexican-moulting-grounds-influence-feather-colour-and-carotenoids-in-bullock-s-orioles-icterus-bullockii
#16
Kaitlin L Sparrow, Kingsley K Donkor, Nancy J Flood, Peter P Marra, Andrew G Pillar, Matthew W Reudink
Carotenoid-based plumage coloration plays a critical role for both inter- and intrasexual communication. Habitat and diet during molt can have important consequences for the development of the ornamental signals used in these contexts. When molt occurs away from the breeding grounds (e.g., pre-alternate molt on the wintering grounds, or stopover molt), discerning the influence of habitat and diet can be particularly important, as these effects may result in important carryover effects that influence territory acquisition or mate choice in subsequent seasons...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428853/coral-reef-mesopredators-switch-prey-shortening-food-chains-in-response-to-habitat-degradation
#17
Tessa N Hempson, Nicholas A J Graham, M Aaron MacNeil, David H Williamson, Geoffrey P Jones, Glenn R Almany
Diet specificity is likely to be the key predictor of a predator's vulnerability to changing habitat and prey conditions. Understanding the degree to which predatory coral reef fishes adjust or maintain prey choice, in response to declines in coral cover and changes in prey availability, is critical for predicting how they may respond to reef habitat degradation. Here, we use stable isotope analyses to characterize the trophic structure of predator-prey interactions on coral reefs of the Keppel Island Group on the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428152/convenience-food-with-environmentally-sustainable-attributes-a-consumer-perspective
#18
Stefanella Stranieri, Elena Claire Ricci, Alessandro Banterle
The use of chemicals in agriculture poses risks on both human health and the environment. Regulatory measures, both mandatory and voluntary, have been introduced to promote a reduction in the use of pesticides. The proliferation of such standards is related to the gradual shift of consumer preferences towards foods with reduced negative health and environmental impacts. Beside consumer demand for sustainable food products, convenience foods are also assuming an increasingly important role in developed countries...
April 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428151/impact-of-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-and-label-design-on-children-s-choice-of-two-snack-foods-comparison-of-warnings-and-the-traffic-light-system
#19
Alejandra Arrúa, María Rosa Curutchet, Natalia Rey, Patricia Barreto, Nadya Golovchenko, Andrea Sellanes, Guillermo Velazco, Medy Winokur, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
Research on the relative influence of package features on children's perception of food products is still necessary to aid policy design and development. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the relative influence of two front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labelling schemes, the traffic light system and Chilean warning system, and label design on children's choice of two popular snack foods in Uruguay, wafer cookies and orange juice. A total of 442 children in grades 4 to 6 from 12 primary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#20
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
81489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"