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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431366/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-video-eeg-protocol-for-genetic-generalized-epilepsies
#1
Luciana Rodrigues De Marchi, Jeana Torres Corso, Ana Carolina Zetehaku, Carina Gonçalves Pedroso Uchida, Mirian Salvadori Bittar Guaranha, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian
INTRODUCTION: Video-EEG has been used to characterize genetic generalized epilepsies (GGE). For best performance, sleep recording, photic stimulation, hyperventilation, and neuropsychological protocols are added to the monitoring. However, risks and benefits of these video-EEG protocols are not well established. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of a video-EEG neuropsychological protocol (VNPP) tailored for GGE and compare its value with that of routine EEG (R-EEG)...
April 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430782/predictors-of-falls-and-mortality-among-elderly-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Wayne W Fu, Terence S Fu, Rowan Jing, Steven R McFaull, Michael D Cusimano
BACKGROUND: Elderly adults are at particular risk of sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and tend to suffer worse outcomes compared to other age groups. Falls are the leading cause of TBI among the elderly. METHODS: We examined nationwide trends in TBI hospitalizations among elderly adults (ages 65 and older) between April 2006 and March 2011 using a population-based database that is mandatory for all hospitals in Canada. Trends in admission rates were analyzed using linear regression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428872/are-whooping-cranes-destined-for-extinction-climate-change-imperils-recruitment-and-population-growth
#3
Matthew J Butler, Kristine L Metzger, Grant M Harris
Identifying climatic drivers of an animal population's vital rates and locating where they operate steers conservation efforts to optimize species recovery. The population growth of endangered whooping cranes (Grus americana) hinges on juvenile recruitment. Therefore, we identify climatic drivers (solar activity [sunspots] and weather) of whooping crane recruitment throughout the species' life cycle (breeding, migration, wintering). Our method uses a repeated cross-validated absolute shrinkage and selection operator approach to identify drivers of recruitment...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427975/surgical-management-of-vertex-epidural-hematoma-technical-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
David T Fernandes-Cabral, Ali Kooshkabadi, Sandip S Panesar, Emrah Celtikci, Hamid Borghei-Razavi, Pinar Celtikci, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
BACKGROUND: Vertex epidural hematoma (VEH) is an uncommon presentation of extra-axial hematomas. It can represent a surgical dilemma regarding when and how to operate, particularly considering the potential implication of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). OBJECTIVE: Here, we illustrate the surgical technique for VEH as well as review of the existing literature. METHODS: A 60-year-old male sustained a ground level fall resulting in complete diastasis of the sagittal suture with underlying large VEH causing significant mass effect on the SSS and bi-hemispheric convexities...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427336/protocol-for-the-home-hazards-removal-program-harp-study-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial-and-implementation-study
#5
Susan Stark, Emily Somerville, Marian Keglovits, Jane Conte, Melody Li, Yi-Ling Hu, Yan Yan
BACKGROUND: Falls remain the leading cause of injury, long-term disability, premature institutionalization, and injury-related mortality in the older adult population. Home modifications, when delivered by occupational therapists, can reduce falls among high-risk community-dwelling older adults by 39%. However, home-modification implementation is not standard practice in the United States. The goal of the Home Hazard Removal Program (HARP) study is to implement an evidence-based home modification intervention for older adults designed to reduce the incidence of falls through an aging services network...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427332/interrater-and-test-retest-reliability-and-validity-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-bestest-and-mini-bestest-in-people-with-increased-risk-of-falling
#6
Charlotta Hamre, Pernille Botolfsen, Gro Gujord Tangen, Jorunn L Helbostad
BACKGROUND: The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) was developed to assess underlying systems for balance control in order to be able to individually tailor rehabilitation interventions to people with balance disorders. A short form, the Mini-BESTest, was developed as a screening test. The study aimed to assess interrater and test-retest reliability of the Norwegian version of the BESTest and the Mini-BESTest in community-dwelling people with increased risk of falling and to assess concurrent validity with the Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I), and it was an observational study with a cross-sectional design...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427205/mns16a-tandem-repeat-minisatellite-of-human-telomerase-gene-functional-studies-in-colorectal-lung-and-prostate-cancer
#7
Philipp Hofer, Cornelia Zöchmeister, Christian Behm, Stefanie Brezina, Andreas Baierl, Angelina Doriguzzi, Vanita Vanas, Klaus Holzmann, Hedwig Sutterlüty-Fall, Andrea Gsur
MNS16A, a functional polymorphic tandem repeat minisatellite, is located in the promoter region of an antisense transcript of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene. MNS16A promoter activity depends on the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) presenting varying numbers of transcription factor binding sites for GATA binding protein 1. Although MNS16A has been investigated in multiple cancer epidemiology studies with incongruent findings, functional data of only two VNTRs (VNTR-243 and VNTR-302) were available thus far, linking the shorter VNTR to higher promoter activity...
March 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#8
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425317/mortality-risk-factors-from-converting-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-to-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#9
Na Miao, Feng Yang, Zhongtao Du, Chunjing Jiang, Xing Hao, Jinhong Wang, Yu Jiang, Xiaofang Yang, Haixiu Xie, Xiaotong Hou
INTRODUCTION: A number of large-scale retrospective studies revealed that off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was superior to on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for mortality when OPCAB is converted to ONCAB. METHODS: Patients who underwent OPCAB conversion to ONCAB at the Beijing Anzhen Hospital between January 2003 and January 2013 were assigned to the non-survivor and survivor groups. Background demographics, illness history and preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative variables were compared...
April 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425231/the-relationship-between-physical-fitness-and-falling-risk-and-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-with-different-physical-activity-levels
#10
Mehmet Duray, Arzu Genç
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this research was to determine the effects of physical activity level (PAL) and physical fitness on falling parameters in community-dwelling elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six elderly people were grouped as low PAL group (group 1, n: 38) and high PAL (group 2, n: 38) according to their PAL scores. PAL was measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly and muscle strength, muscle endurance, aerobic endurance, and flexibility tests were applied; body mass index (BMI) was calculated for physical fitness measurement...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422549/obesity-is-associated-with-altered-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-elderly-women
#11
Silvia Gonçalves Ricci Neri, André Bonadias Gadelha, Ana Luiza Matias Correia, Juscélia Cristina Pereira, Ana Cristina de David, Ricardo Moreno Lima
Increased plantar pressure has been found to be related with greater risk of falling. Although there is evidence suggesting that obesity is linked to foot disorders, the association between obesity and plantar pressure of older adults has been poorly investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between obesity and plantar pressure distribution and to explore its relationship with body fat distribution. Two hundred and eleven elderly women took part in this cross-sectional study. Body mass index were taken for obesity classification...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422544/effects-of-balance-coordination-strengthening-and-aerobic-exercises-to-prevent-falls-in-postmenopausal-patients-with-osteoporosis-a-6-month-randomized-parallel-prospective-study
#12
Meltem Dizdar, Jale Fatma Irdesel, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar, Mine Topsac
Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by the increase of bone fragility and fracture risk. Postmenopausal female osteoporotic patients were randomized into 3 groups;balance and coordination, strengthening, and aerobic exercise group. The exercise programs were performed for 12 weeks, one hour each day for three days of the week.Patients were followed-up for 12 weeks after the initial intervention. After the exercise program, patients continued their daily life activities and were called back to the clinic for additional testing after 12 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422537/morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-prehospital-lift-assist-calls
#13
Lauren Leggatt, Kristine Van Aarsen, Melanie Columbus, Adam Dukelow, Michael Lewell, Matthew Davis, Shelley McLeod
INTRODUCTION: When an individual requires assistance with mobilization, emergency medical services (EMS) may be called. If a patient does not receive treatment on scene and is not transported to hospital, these are referred to as "Lift Assist" (LA) calls. It is possible this need for assistance represents a subtle onset of a disease process or decline in function. Without recognition or treatment, the patient may be at risk for recurrent falls, repeat EMS visits or worsening illness. OBJECTIVE: To examine the 14-day morbidity and mortality associated with LA calls and determine factors that are associated with increased risk of these outcomes...
April 19, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420979/evidence-for-a-selectively-regulated-prioritization-shift-depending-on-walking-situations-in-older-adults
#14
Dina Salkovic, Markus A Hobert, Carolin Bellut, Florian Funer, Sarah Renno, Linda Haertner, Sandra E Hasmann, Jana Staebler, Johanna Geritz, Ulrike Suenkel, Andreas J Fallgatter, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler
Background: Older adults have increased risks of balance issues and falls when walking and performing turns in daily situations. Changes of prioritization during different walking situations associated with dual tasking may contribute to these deficits. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate whether older adults demonstrate changes of prioritization during different walking paths. Methods: In total, 1,054 subjects with an age range from 50 to 83 years were selected from the first follow-up visit of the TREND (Tuebinger evaluation of Risk factors for Early detection of Neurodegenerative Disorders) study...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420662/outcome-of-a-screening-programme-for-the-prevention-of-neonatal-invasive-early-onset-group-b-streptococcus-infection-in-a-uk-maternity-unit-an-observational-study
#15
G Gopal Rao, G Nartey, T McAree, A O'Reilly, S Hiles, T Lee, S Wallace, R Batura, P Khanna, H Abbas, C Tilsed, R Nicholl, T Lamagni, P Bassett
BACKGROUND: Against a background of failure to prevent neonatal invasive early-onset group B Streptococcus infections (GBS) in our maternity unit using risk-based approach for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, we introduced an antenatal GBS carriage screening programme to identify additional women to target for prophylaxis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the implementation and outcome of an antepartum screening programme for prevention of invasive early-onset GBS infection in a UK maternity unit...
April 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419904/leydig-cell-tumor-in-grey-zone-a-case-report
#16
Muheilan Mustafa Muheilan, Maha Shomaf, Emad Tarawneh, Muayyad Mujalli Murshidi, Manar Rizik Al-Sayyed, Mujalli Mhailan Murshidi
INTRODUCTION: Leydig cell tumor constitutes only about 1-3% of testicular neoplasms. There is apparently increased incidence in the last few years; one possible explanation for this phenomenon is the widespread use of ultrasound technology and the subsequent increased early detection of smaller lesions that have not been found in historical series. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of Leydig cell tumor of testis in a patient presenting with painless long standing slowly growing left scrotal mass who found to have intrapulmonary nodule and multiple enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes on staging work up...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419795/-is-it-possible-to-improve-the-preventive-usefulness-of-workers-health-surveillance-in-the-current-regulatory-framework
#17
Mari Cruz Rodríguez Jareño, Jaume De Montserrat I Nonó
OBJECTIVE: In Spain, the limited preventive usefulness of health surveillance is determined by the indiscriminate use of nonspecific "generic" health examinations aimed at producing a "fitness for work list", presumably allowing companies to comply with health and safety regulations. This study aimed to produce a technical interpretation of the Spanish Prevention of Risks at Work Act and propose a new conceptual framework to favour greater preventive usefulness of health surveillance within the current regulatory framework...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417686/trauma-epidemiology-in-puerto-rico-in-hospital-morbidity-and-mortality-from-2002-to-2011
#18
Annette Pascual-Marrero, Ediel O Ramos-Meléndez, Omar García-Rodríguez, José E Morales-Quiñones, Pablo Rodríguez-Ortiz
This study aimed to describe the distribution of injury mechanisms and to assess the impact of those mechanisms on the morbidity and mortality of trauma. All patients admitted to Puerto Rico Trauma Hospital (2002-2011) for road-traffic collisions (RTCs, 5,371), gunshot wounds (GSWs, 2,946), falls (2,319), pedestrian accidents (1,652), and stab wounds (SWs, 1,073) were selected. Gunshot victims were 1.19 (95%CI: 1.07-1.33) times as likely as road-traffic victims to have an ISS ≥25. Pedestrians were 1.76 (95%CI: 1...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416810/the-joint-impact-of-cognitive-performance-in-adolescence-and-familial-cognitive-aptitude-on-risk-for-major-psychiatric-disorders-a-delineation-of-four-potential-pathways-to-illness
#19
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, R S E Keefe, K Sundquist, J Sundquist
How do joint measures of premorbid cognitive ability and familial cognitive aptitude (FCA) reflect risk for a diversity of psychiatric and substance use disorders? To address this question, we examined, using Cox models, the predictive effects of school achievement (SA) measured at age 16 and FCA-assessed from SA in siblings and cousins, and educational attainment in parents-on risk for 12 major psychiatric syndromes in 1 140 608 Swedes born 1972-1990. Four developmental patterns emerged. In the first, risk was predicted jointly by low levels of SA and high levels of FCA-that is a level of SA lower than would be predicted from the FCA...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#20
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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