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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345106/national-study-of-the-nutritional-status-of-korean-older-adults-with-dementia-who-are-living-in-long-term-care-settings
#1
Myonghwa Park, Jun-Ah Song, Mihyun Lee, Hyun Jeong, Soyeun Lim, Haejung Lee, Chun-Gill Kim, Jeong S Kim, Kyung S Kim, Young W Lee, Young M Lim, Young S Park, Jong C Yoon, Ki W Kim, Gwi-Ryung S Hong
AIM: To evaluate the nutritional status of older adults with dementia who were living in long-term care settings. METHODS: As a secondary analysis, this study used the data from the Nationwide Survey on Dementia Care in Korea that was conducted between December 1, 2010, and August 31, 2011, which surveyed 3472 older adults with dementia, aged ≥60 years (mean age: 81.24 years), who were residing in 248 randomly selected long-term care settings in South Korea...
January 17, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340964/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-simple-tool-for-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-geriatrics-in-northwest-of-iran-comparison-with-mini-nutritional-assessment
#2
Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Nahid Karamzad, Lida Daeiefarshbaf, Parinaz Kalejahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran)...
January 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340260/nutritional-status-is-associated-with-the-return-home-in-a-long-term-care-health-facility
#3
Yuri Nishida, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between nutritional status and the return home of older people living in a long-term care health facility (LCHF). Methods: A nested case control study was performed in 116 people ≥65 years of age in a single LCHF. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and activities of daily living by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). The return home, duration of rehabilitation, and the family wanting the patient to return home were obtained from clinical records...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300435/orthostatic-hypotension-and-associated-factors-among-home-care-clients-aged-75-years-or-older-a-population-based-study
#4
A Luukkonen, M Tiihonen, T Rissanen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine orthostatic hypotension (OH) and associated factors among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 244 home care clients aged 75 years or older living in Eastern and Central Finland. MEASUREMENTS: Nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists collected clinical data including orthostatic blood pressure, depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale GDS-15), nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA), drug use, self-rated health, daily activities (Barthel ADL Index and Lawton and Brody IADL scale) and self-rated ability to walk 400 metres...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300421/validity-of-the-self-mini-nutritional-assessment-self-mna-for-the-evaluation-of-nutritional-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-general-practice
#5
L M Donini, W Marrocco, C Marocco, A Lenzi
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a frequent condition in the elderly especially in hospitals and in nursing homes, and even among the free-living elders the prevalence is not negligible (5-10%). Awareness towards malnutrition is still limited. The lack of time for nutritional assessment by the overcommitted healthcare personnel, including the general practitioners (GPs), may represent one possible explanation for limited recognition of malnutrition. Therefore, a self-administered instrument could be useful in raising alert on the GPs and allow early detection of malnutrition and early care provision...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280655/-impact-of-malnutrition-on-long-term-mortality-in-outpatients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#6
Juan Luis Bonilla Palomas, Antonio Luis Gámez López, Mirian Moreno Conde, María Cristina López Ibáñez, Patricia Castellano García, Carlos Javier Ráez Ruiz, Rocío Ruíz Quirós, Esmeralda Ramiro Ortega
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is common among acute heart failure patients and its prognosis impact has been established. The prognosis role of undernutrition among chronic heart failure patients is not known. Objetive:The aim of this study were to evaluate the influence of nutritional status on long-term mortality in patients with chronic hear failure. METHODS: 304 consecutively patients attended in our Heart failure Unit from November 2011 to November 2016 were prospectively analysed...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280651/-nutritional-status-and-the-relationship-regarding-functional-status-after-stroke
#7
Fidel López Espuela, Juan Carlos Portilla Cuenca, Marta Holguín Mohedas, José Manuel Párraga Sánchez, Sergio Cordovilla-Guardia, Ignacio Casado Naranjo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status (NS) of patients at three months of suffering a stroke, and to establish the relationship between functional recovery and complications in this period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study evaluating the NS of patients older than 65 years at three months of having a stroke. The NS was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Sociodemographic and anthropometric data, cardiovascular risk factors, as well as functional status (through the Barthel index and the modified Rankin scale) and the presented complications were collected...
September 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259934/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-iranian-elderly-a-review-article
#8
REVIEW
Hassan Abolghasem Gorji, Mahtab Alikhani, Mohammad Mohseni, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Hajar Ziaiifar, Ahmad Moosavi
Background: The elderly population following the improvement in health status and life expectancy in developing countries is increasing. Malnutrition causes decreased quality of life and increased mortality in elderly. This study aimed to review systematically and meta-analysis of studies assessing the prevalence of malnutrition among Iranian elderly people over 60 yr of age using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in 2016 to estimate the overall malnutrition prevalence...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248435/delphi-consensus-of-an-expert-committee-in-oncogeriatrics-regarding-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-seniors-with-cancer-in-spain
#9
Maria-Jose Molina-Garrido, Carmen Guillén-Ponce, Remei Blanco, Juana Saldaña, Jaime Feliú, Maite Antonio, Rosa López-Mongil, Primitivo Ramos Cordero, Regina Gironés
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to reach a national consensus in Spain regarding the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) domains in older oncological patients and the CGA scales to be used as a foundation for widespread use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Delphi method was implemented to attain consensus. Representatives of the panel were chosen from among the members of the Oncogeriatric Working Group of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM). Consensus was defined as ≥66...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243783/research-on-the-nutrition-and-cognition-of-high-risk-stroke-groups-in-community-and-the-relevant-factors
#10
N-N Zhao, K-X Zeng, Y-L Wang, P-J Sheng, C-Z Tang, P Xiao, X-W Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of nutritional risk in high-risk stroke groups in community, analyze its influencing factors, and analyze and compare the relationship between nutritional risk or malnutrition assessed by different nutritional evaluation methods and cognitive function, so as to provide the basis and guidance for clinical nutritional assessment and support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed for 1196 cases in high-risk stroke groups in community from December 2015 to January 2017...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186220/self-assembly-of-water-soluble-silver-nanoclusters-superstructure-formation-and-morphological-evolution
#11
Jinglin Shen, Zhi Wang, Di Sun, Guokui Liu, Shiling Yuan, Mohamedally Kurmoo, Xia Xin
Supramolecular self-assembly, based on non-covalent interactions, has been employed as an efficient approach to obtain various functional materials from nanometer-sized building blocks, in particular, [Ag6(mna)6]6-, mna = mercaptonicotinate (Ag6-NC). A challenging issue is how to modulate the self-assembly process through regulating the relationship between building blocks and solvents. Herein, we report the controlled self-assembly of hexanuclear silver nanoclusters into robust multilayer vesicles in different solvents, DMSO, CH3CN, EG and MeOH...
November 29, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183010/mild-to-moderate-chronic-kidney-disease-and-geriatric-outcomes-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii
#12
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Dominik Spira, Nikolaus Buchmann, Werner Hopfenmüller, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ilja Demuth
BACKGROUND: Mild-to-moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD G3a) is prevalent in older adults. Substantial evidence suggests that individuals with advanced CKD face a high risk for common geriatric conditions, like functional impairment and cognitive decline, whereas the relationships between mild-to-moderate CKD and functional impairment and cognitive decline, but also poor nutritional status and mood disorders, are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore associations between mild-to-moderate CKD and impairments in the core domains of geriatric assessment (GA) in a large cohort of community-dwelling older adults...
November 29, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165535/the-feasibility-of-standardised-geriatric-assessment-tools-and-physical-exercises-in-frail-older-adults
#13
A D Jadczak, N Mahajan, R Visvanathan
Geriatric assessment tools are applicable to the general geriatric population; however, their feasibility in frail older adults is yet to be determined. The study aimed to determine the feasibility of standardised geriatric assessment tools and physical exercises in hospitalised frail older adults. Various assessment tools including the FRAIL Screen, the Charlson Comorbidity Index, the SF-36, the Trail Making Test (TMT), the Rapid Cognitive Screen, the Self Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) and the Lawton iADL as well as standard physical exercises were assessed using observational protocols...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164776/nutritional-screening-and-dietitian-consultation-rates-in-a-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit
#14
Elsa Dent, Olivia Wright, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Ruth E Hubbard
AIM: Nutritional screening may not always lead to intervention. The present study aimed to determine: (i) the rate of nutritional screening in hospitalised older adults; (ii) whether nutritional screening led to dietitian consultation and (iii) factors associated with malnutrition. METHODS: In this prospective study of patients aged ≥70 years admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit (GEMU), malnutrition was screened for using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and identified using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157816/effect-of-ipomoea-aquatica-ethanolic-extract-in-streptozotocin-stz-induced-diabetic-rats-via-1-h-nmr-based-metabolomics-approach
#15
Azliana Abu Bakar Sajak, Ahmed Mediani, Maulidiani, Nur Sumirah Mohd Dom, Chandradevan Machap, Muhajir Hamid, Amin Ismail, Alfi Khatib, Faridah Abas
BACKGROUND: Ipomoea aquatica (locally known as "kangkung") has previously been reported to have hypoglycemic activities on glucose level in diabetes patients. However, the effect of I. aquatica ethanolic extract on the metabolites in the body has remained unknown. PURPOSE: This study provides new insights on the changes of endogenous metabolites caused by I. aquatica ethanolic extract and improves the understanding on the therapeutic efficacy and mechanism of I...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155147/selective-and-membrane-permeable-small-molecule-inhibitors-of-nicotinamide-n-methyltransferase-reverse-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice
#16
Harshini Neelakantan, Virginia Vance, Michael D Wetzel, Hua-Yu Leo Wang, Stanton F McHardy, Celeste C Finnerty, Jonathan D Hommel, Stanley J Watowich
There is a critical need for new mechanism-of-action drugs that reduce the burden of obesity and associated chronic metabolic comorbidities. A potentially novel target to treat obesity and type 2 diabetes is nicotinamide-N-methyltransferase (NNMT), a cytosolic enzyme with newly identified roles in cellular metabolism and energy homeostasis. To validate NNMT as an anti-obesity drug target, we investigated the permeability, selectivity, mechanistic, and physiological properties of a series of small molecule NNMT inhibitors...
November 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151305/comparison-of-nutritional-risk-screening-tools-for-predictingsarcopenia-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
(no author information available yet)
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of malnutrition in hospitalized patients with three different tests and to compare these tests in terms of long hospitalization periods and sarcopenia. Materials and methods: Hospitalized patients in an internal medicine clinic were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Patients were grouped as under 65 years (Group 1 = G1) and over 65 years old (Group 2 = G2). The nutritional status of the patients was evaluated with the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002, Universal Malnutrition Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), and total Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) tests...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145472/replacing-methyl-bromide-with-a-combination-of-1-3-dichloropropene-and-metam-sodium-for-cucumber-production-in-china
#18
Liangang Mao, Hongyun Jiang, Lan Zhang, Yanning Zhang, Muhammad Umair Sial, Haitao Yu, Aocheng Cao
The combination of 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) and metam sodium (MNa) is a potential resource to replace methyl bromide (MB) as a soil fumigant. The efficacy of 1,3-D+MNa as a crucial factor to limit soil-borne pests was evaluated in one laboratory experiment and two cucumber greenhouse studies conducted in commercial operations. Laboratory results revealed that 1,3-D and MNa (10+20 mg a.i. kg-1 soil) provided the best complementary control of the root-knot nematode, Fusarium oxysporum and two species of weed seeds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132738/impact-of-implant-supported-prostheses-on-nutritional-status-and-oral-health-perception-in-edentulous-patients
#19
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Farah Moukaddem, Tatiana Papazian, Robert Saad, Martine Hennequin, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Improvement of nutritional status and perception of oral health are supposed to be different with complete conventional denture or implant-supported fixed or removable prostheses. Since no study has been conducted in Lebanon, the aim of our study was to assess the nutritional status and oral heath related quality of life (OHRQoL) in totally edentulous patients after treatment with complete denture or implant supported-prostheses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was an observational clinical prospective study...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130705/disability-and-its-influence-in-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes
#20
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María Elena Torres-Anoro, María Dolores Ballesteros-Pomar
INTRODUCTION: Poor nutritional status is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially in older people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status in elderly nursing home residents with different nutritional test, and to determine which parameters used for nutritional assessment can be carried out in this population, which usually have a high prevalence of functionally dependent residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 383 elderly...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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