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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231669/-consistency-analysis-on-acute-hepatitis-b-inpatients-reported-by-hepatitis-b-surveillance-pilot-spots-in-six-provinces-of-china
#1
N Miao, G M Zhang, F Z Wang, H Zheng, X J Sun, X J Ma, F Q Cui
Objective: To understand the characteristics of acute hepatitis B inpatients reported by the hepatitis B surveillance pilot points and to estimate the consistency between the diagnosed and reported types of hepatitis B by the clinicians involved. Methods: Data related to acute hepatitis B was from the NNDRS and the characteristics of acute hepatitis B were classified by querying Hospital Information System. We recorded the results based on clinical diagnosis and analyzed the consistency between the reported and diagnosed types that the clinicians made, on hepatitis B...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231655/-study-on-the-situation-of-drug-use-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases-in-the-chinese-communities-of-large-cities
#2
T Xiao, X Y Chen, N Wang, Q Zhao, C W Fu, B Xu
Objectives: To understand the medication being used among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Chinese communities of large cities. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu and Guangzhou with the total number as 678 COPD cases who were continuously recruited. Subjects were face-to-face interviewed using a structured questionnaire and with medical records checked at the same time. All data were double entered into a database under EpiData 3.1, and analyzed by SAS 9...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231579/vibration-induced-nystagmus-a-biomarker-for-vestibular-deficits-a-synopsis
#3
Karl-Friedrich Hamann
A review of more than 20 years of experience with vibratory stimulation in vestibular diseases is given. Vibrations in a frequency frame of 30-60 Hz are applied on the mastoid during 20 s. Eye movements are recorded by video-oculography to detect a vibration-induced nystagmus (VIN). A VIN occurs in cases of a side difference between the peripheral vestibular receptors beating to the side of better excitability. In patients with central lesions, a VIN does not appear generally, only exceptionally if the lesion is located laterally in the brain stem...
February 24, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231519/carotid-systolic-flow-time-with-passive-leg-raise-correlates-with-fluid-status-changes-in-patients-undergoing-dialysis
#4
Pavel Antiperovitch, Eduard Iliescu, Barry Chan
Corrected carotid systolic flow time (CFTc) has been proposed as a measure of volume status in acutely ill patients. This study endeavors to determine whether the change in CFTc with passive leg raise (PLR) maneuver correlates with volume status changes. Dialysis patients at Kingston General Hospital (Kingston, Canada) underwent point-of-care carotid ultrasonography at the beginning and the end of dialysis. With each measurement, 2 values were recorded: the absolute CFTc, and the difference in CFTc before and after the PLR maneuver...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231495/drug-induced-panic-attacks-analysis-of-cases-registered-in-the-french-pharmacovigilance-database
#5
Delphine Abadie, Anaïs Essilini, Virginie Fulda, Aurore Gouraud, Mélissa Yéléhé-Okouma, Joëlle Micallef, François Montastruc, Jean Louis Montastruc
BACKGROUND: The potential role of drugs in the onset of panic attacks (PAs) is poorly understood. AIM: The objective of our study was to characterize drug-induced PAs. METHOD: We performed an analysis of PAs registered in the French pharmacovigilance database between 01/01/1985 and 05/11/2014. RESULTS: Among the 163 recorded cases, 136 (83.4%) were directly related to drugs, mainly antidepressants (11.3%, mainly serotonin reuptake inhibitors), mefloquine (7...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231479/intermittent-bilateral-coherence-in-physiological-and-essential-hand-tremor
#6
Soma Chakraborty, Jana Kopecká, Otakar Šprdlík, Martina Hoskovcová, Olga Ulmanová, Evžen Růžička, Martin Zapotocky
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and the temporal structure of bilateral coherence in physiological (PT) and essential (ET) hand tremor. METHODS: Triaxial accelerometric recordings from both hands in 30 healthy subjects and 34 ET patients were analyzed using spectral coherence and wavelet coherence methods. In 12 additional healthy subjects, the relation between the hand tremor and the chest wall acceleration was evaluated using partial coherence analysis...
January 14, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231475/the-use-and-yield-of-continuous-eeg-in-critically-ill-patients-a-comparative-study-of-three-centers
#7
Vincent Alvarez, Andres A Rodriguez Ruiz, Suzette LaRoche, Lawrence J Hirsch, Christopher Parres, Paula E Voinescu, Andres Fernandez, Ognen A Petroff, Nishi Rampal, Hiba Arif Haider, Jong Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: Continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring of critically ill patients has gained widespread use, but there is substantial reported variability in its use. We analyzed cEEG and antiseizure drug (ASD) usage at three high volume centers. METHODS: We utilized a multicenter cEEG database used daily as a clinical reporting tool in three tertiary care sites (Emory Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Yale - New Haven Hospital). We compared the cEEG usage patterns, seizure frequency, detection of rhythmic/periodic patterns (RPP), and ASD use between the sites...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#8
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231412/impact-of-family-history-of-metabolic-traits-on-severity-of-nash-related-cirrhosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ajeet Singh Bhadoria, Chandan Kumar Kedarisetty, Chhagan Bihari, Guresh Kumar, Ankur Jindal, Ankit Bhardwaj, Varsha Shasthry, Tanmay Vyas, Jaya Benjamin, Shvetank Sharma, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial aggregation of metabolic traits with fatty liver disease is well documented. However, there is scarcity of data regarding such association with non-alcoholic steato-hepatitis (NASH) related cirrhosis. This study was aimed to explore the association of family history of metabolic traits with severity of cirrhosis. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, all consecutive patients with NASH related cirrhosis presenting to our tertiary care centre were included...
February 23, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231322/clinical-evaluation-of-new-automatic-coronary-specific-best-cardiac-phase-selection-algorithm-for-single-beat-coronary-ct-angiography
#10
Hui Wang, Lei Xu, Zhanming Fan, Junfu Liang, Zixu Yan, Zhonghua Sun
The aim of this study was to evaluate the workflow efficiency of a new automatic coronary-specific reconstruction technique (Smart Phase, GE Healthcare-SP) for selection of the best cardiac phase with least coronary motion when compared with expert manual selection (MS) of best phase in patients with high heart rate. A total of 46 patients with heart rates above 75 bpm who underwent single beat coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) were enrolled in this study. CCTA of all subjects were performed on a 256-detector row CT scanner (Revolution CT, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin, US)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231180/evolution-of-the-maillard-reaction-in-glutamine-or-arginine-dextrinomaltose-model-systems
#11
Silvia Pastoriza, José Ángel Rufián-Henares, Belén García-Villanova, Eduardo Guerra-Hernández
Enteral formulas are foods designed for medical uses to feed patients who are unable to eat normally. They are prepared by mixing proteins, amino acids, carbohydrates and fats and submitted to sterilization. During thermal treatment, the Maillard reaction takes place through the reaction of animo acids with reducing sugars. Thus, although glutamine and arginine are usually added to improve the nutritional value of enteral formulas, their final concentration may vary. Thus, in the present paper the early, intermediate, and advanced states of the Maillard reaction were studied in model systems by measuring loss of free amino acids through the decrease of fluorescence intensity with o-phtaldialdehyde (OPA), 5-Hydroximethylfurfural (HMF), furfural, glucosylisomaltol, fluorescence, and absorbance at 420 nm...
December 7, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231072/total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-resolves-pain-in-young-children-with-severe-chronic-pancreatitis
#12
Melena D Bellin, Gregory P Forlenza, Kaustav Majumder, Megan Berger, Martin L Freeman, Gregory J Beilman, Ty B Dunn, Timothy L Pruett, Michael Murati, Joshua J Wilhelm, Marie Cook, David E R Sutherland, Sarah J Schwarzenberg, Srinath Chinnakotla
OBJECTIVES: Fear of diabetes and major surgery may prohibit referral of young children severely affected by pancreatitis for total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplant (TPIAT). We evaluated outcomes in our youngest TPIAT recipients, 3 to 8 years of age at surgery. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 17 children (9 girls) ages 8 years or younger undergoing TPIAT from 2000 to 2014. Most (14/17) had genetic risk factors for pancreatitis. Since 2006, TPIAT recipients were followed prospectively with health questionnaires including assessments of pain and narcotic use, and scheduled hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and mixed-meal tolerance tests (6 mL/kg Boost HP) before surgery, and at regular intervals after...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231044/original-research-paper-switching-antipsychotics-results-of-16-month-non-interventional-prospective-observational-clinical-research-of-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#13
Cvetka Bačar Bole, Mitja Pišlar, Metka Šen, Rok Tavčar, Aleš Mrhar
The study aims to identify prescribing and switching patterns of antipsychotics in clinical practice. A 16-month, prospective study was conducted at the Psychiatric Hospital Idrija, Slovenia. Inpatients (N = 311) with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were observed. The causes for switching antipsychotics and switching strategies were analyzed. Analyzing a total of 3954 prescriptions, the collected data confirmed that treatment strategies in this psychiatric hospital are very complex. It was found that 37 percent of inpatients had at least one switch...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230612/nationwide-survey-of-pediatric-acute-osteomyelitis-in-the-usa
#14
Yusuke Okubo, Kotaro Nochioka, Marcia Testa
: The epidemiology of pediatric acute osteomyelitis in the USA, such as annual hospitalization rates and disparities with respect to age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, remains unknown. We obtained discharge records of hospitalized patients with acute osteomyelitis younger than 20 years of age from the Kids Inpatient Database for 2006, 2009, and 2012. We weighted the records to estimate the number of hospitalizations in the USA and calculated the annual rates of hospitalization because of acute osteomyelitis...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230605/microscopic-transnasal-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-pediatric-pituitary-adenomas
#15
Wei Jiao, Yimin Huang, Wei Sun, Ting Lei
Microscopic transnasal transsphenoidal surgery (MTTS) has been a time-confirmed effective treatment for pituitary adenomas; however, the data supporting its use in pediatric patients is limited. In this study, the authors summarize the authors' 5-year experience of pituitary adenomectomy via MTTS in a pediatric population. The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 35 patients aged ≤18 years who underwent microscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas between January 2011 and December 2015...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230595/evaluation-of-a-radiological-score-in-the-management-of-pure-fractures-of-the-orbital-floor
#16
Flore Roul-Yvonnet, Jean-Louis Golmard, Patrick Goudot, Thomas Schouman
PURPOSE: The authors had for aim to further assess the predictive power and the relevance of a previously published radiological decision taking score for pure fractures with recording of clinical data. METHODS: The authors retrospectively included all patients managed in the authors' department for a pure orbital floor fracture, from June 2012 to November 2013. The authors collected clinical data including diplopia and enophtalmos, at initial status and after 3-months of follow-up...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230591/comparison-of-complications-in-parotid-surgery-with-harmonic-scalpel-versus-cold-instruments
#17
Xiaoyong Yang, Yang Yu, Dapeng Li, Li Dong
Complications following parotid surgery with harmonic scalpel versus cold instruments were seldom discussed. The authors retrospectively analyzed the medical record of 94 patients who received parotid surgery at Tianjin National Clinical Research Center for Cancer between January 2012 and October 2015, and compared the complications in patients operated with either Harmonic FCS9 (HF) or traditional cold instruments (CI). The mean operative time was 65.1 minutes in HF group versus 88.9 minutes for CI group...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230584/microsurgical-replantation-of-total-avulsed-scalp-extending-the-limits
#18
Yunbo Jin, Chen Hua, Xiaojie Hu, Hui Chen, Gang Ma, Yun Zou, Bin Chen, Dongze Lyu, Mathias Tremp, Xiaoxi Lin
BACKGROUND: Avulsion of the scalp is a rare but severe trauma and challenging to the reconstructive surgeon. It poses not only physical concussion but also significant persisting psychological distress to the patients. METHODS: Medical records from 5 patients who suffered scalp avulsion were reviewed retrospectively. The following data and methods were assessed: age, number of vessels repaired, method of replantation, vein grafts required, blood transfusion, ischemia time, total operating time, and percentage of scalp survival...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230579/hospital-outpatient-visits-associated-with-medication-related-problems-in-thailand-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#19
Supinya Dechanont, Arom Jedsadayanmata, Bodin Butthum, Chuenjid Kongkaew
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to investigate the prevalence of hospital visits associated with medication-related problems (MRPs, i.e., adverse drug events [ADEs], adverse drug reactions [ADRs], nonadherence [NA] to medication, and medication error) and to identify the medications involved in hospital visits associated with MRPs in outpatient departments (OPDs). METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in OPD of 11 hospitals in the lower northern region of Thailand...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230565/outcomes-of-transvaginal-high-uterosacral-ligaments-suspension-over-500-patient-single-center-study
#20
Rodolfo Milani, Matteo Frigerio, Alice Cola, Carlo Beretta, Federico Spelzini, Stefano Manodoro
BACKGROUND: Uterosacral ligament (USL) suspension is a safe and effective procedure in terms of anatomical, functional, and subjective outcomes for primary surgical treatment of prolapse. OBJECTIVES: There has been a renewed interest toward native tissue prolapse repair by vaginal route because of low cost and lack of mesh-related complications. Uterosacral ligaments are considered safe, effective, and durable as suspending structures for primary surgical repair of the apical compartment...
February 23, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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