Read by QxMD icon Read

Tipping point

Jean-Michel Cioni, Max Koppers, Christine E Holt
The tips of axons are often far away from the cell soma where most proteins are synthesized. Recent work has revealed that axonal mRNA transport and localised translation are key regulatory mechanisms that allow these distant outposts of the cell to respond rapidly to extrinsic factors and maintain axonal homeostasis. Here, we review recent evidence pointing to an increasingly broad role for local protein synthesis in controlling axon shape, synaptogenesis and axon survival by regulating diverse cellular processes such as vesicle trafficking, cytoskeletal remodelling and mitochondrial integrity...
March 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
David J Hunter
Amidst the NHS's (National Health Service) success lies its major weakness, although one that Klein overlooks in his reflections on the NHS as it approaches 70. The focus on, and investment in, curing ill-health has been at the expense of attending to the public's overall health and well-being. This preoccupation poses a greater threat to the NHS's future than privatisation. Despite the weakness having been diagnosed decades ago, redressing the imbalance has proved stubbornly hard to achieve. Rhetoric has not been translated into reality...
March 16, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
Takashi Kumagai, Janina N Ladenthin, Yair Litman, Mariana Rossi, Leonhard Grill, Sylwester Gawinkowski, Jacek Waluk, Mats Persson
Tautomerization in single porphycene molecules is investigated on Cu(111), Ag(111), and Au(111) surfaces by a combination of low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. It is revealed that the trans configuration is the thermodynamically stable form of porphycene on Cu(111) and Ag(111), whereas the cis configuration occurs as a meta-stable form. The trans → cis or cis → trans conversion on Cu(111) can be induced in an unidirectional fashion by injecting tunneling electrons from the STM tip or heating the surface, respectively...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Thibaut Eguether, Fabrice P Cordelieres, Gregory J Pazour
The vertebrate hedgehog pathway is organized in primary cilia and hedgehog components relocate into or out of cilia during signaling. Defects in intraflagellar transport (IFT) typically disrupt ciliary assembly and attenuate hedgehog signaling. Determining if IFT drives the movement of hedgehog components is difficult due to the requirement of IFT for building cilia. Unlike most IFT proteins, IFT27 is dispensable for cilia formation but affects hedgehog signaling similar to other IFTs allowing us to examine its role in the dynamics of signaling...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
A A Alhasyimi, P P Pudyani, W Asmara, I D Ana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of carbonated hydroxyapatite-incorporated advanced platelet-rich fibrin on relapse and bone remodelling in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five rabbits were divided into 3 groups (n = 15): a control group, carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA) and carbonated hydroxyapatite-incorporated advanced platelet-rich fibrin (CHA-aPRF) group. The lower incisors were subjected to an orthodontic force of 50 cN. During the retention period, CHA and CHA-aPRF hydrogel were gently injected in the mesial gingival sulcus every 7 days...
March 14, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Keisuke Sugahara, Yoshiharu Katsumi, Masahide Koyachi, Yu Koyama, Satoru Matsunaga, Kento Odaka, Shinichi Abe, Masayuki Takano, Akira Katakura
Background: Along with the advances in technology of three-dimensional (3D) printer, it became a possible to make more precise patient-specific 3D model in the various fields including oral and maxillofacial surgery. When creating 3D models of the mandible and maxilla, it is easier to make a single unit with a fused temporomandibular joint, though this results in poor operability of the model. However, while models created with a separate mandible and maxilla have operability, it can be difficult to fully restore the position of the condylar after simulation...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Stefan Ignjatovic, Reza Omidi, Rahel A Kubik-Huch, Suzanne Anderson, Frank J Ahlhelm
Background Compared with other available injection techniques for lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (LTFESIs), the traditionally performed subpedicular approach is associated with a higher risk of spinal cord infarction, a rare but catastrophic complication. Purpose To assess the short-term efficacy of the retroneural approach for computed tomography (CT)-guided LTFESIs with respect to different needle-tip positions. Material and Methods This retrospective analysis included 238 patients receiving 286 CT-guided LTFESIs from January 2013 to January 2016...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Anna Middleton
Genomic data offers a goldmine of information for understanding the contribution genetic variation makes to health and disease. The potential of genomic medicine, to predict, diagnose, manage and treat genetic disease, is underpinned by accurate variant interpretation. This in itself hinges on the ability to access large and varied genomic databases. There is now recognition that international collaboration between research and healthcare systems are paramount to delivering the scale of genomic data required...
March 7, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Tarek Zghaib, Ali Keramati, Jonathan Chrispin, Dong Huang, Muhammad A Balouch, Luisa Ciuffo, Ronald D Berger, Joseph E Marine, Hiroshi Ashikaga, Hugh Calkins, Saman Nazarian, David D Spragg
Background: Bipolar voltage mapping, as part of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, is traditionally performed in a point-by-point (PBP) approach using single-tip ablation catheters. Alternative techniques for fibrosis-delineation include fast-anatomical mapping (FAM) with multi-electrode circular catheters, and late gadolinium-enhanced magnetic-resonance imaging (LGE-MRI). The correlation between PBP, FAM, and LGE-MRI fibrosis assessment is unknown. Objective: In this study, we examined AF substrate using different modalities (PBP, FAM, and LGE-MRI mapping) in patients presenting for an AF ablation...
January 2018: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Sangmin An, Bongsu Kim, Soyoung Kwon, Geol Moon, Manhee Lee, Wonho Jhe
Buckling, first introduced by Euler in 1744 [Euler L (1744) Opera Omnia I 24:231], a sudden mechanical sideways deflection of a structural member under compressive stress, represents a bifurcation in the solution to the equations of static equilibrium. Although it has been investigated in diverse research areas, such a common nonlinear phenomenon may be useful to devise a unique mechanical sensor that addresses the still-challenging features, such as the enhanced sensitivity and polarization-dependent detection capability...
March 6, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mesut Tahta, Cem Ozcan, Gurkan Yildiz, Izge Gunal, Muhittin Sener
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report our results of lunate excision combined with capitohamate fusion in the treatment of Kienböck's stage IIIB/IIIC disease. METHODS: A total of 7 patients with a mean age 35.2 (SD 11.5) years were enrolled in the study. Pain was the principal reason for surgery. All operations were carried out by the same senior surgeon. Patients were evaluated in terms of range of motion, DASH and VAS scores, satisfaction, and grip/tip/palmar/key pinch strength compared with contralateral sides...
March 2, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Y Isshiki, S Fujii, T Nishino, M Kiguchi
We have investigated the electric conductance and atomic structure of single molecular junctions of pyrazine (Py), 4,4'-bipyridine (BiPy), fullerene (C60 ), and 1,4-diaminobutane (DAB). The single molecular junctions were fabricated by breaking Au contacts between an Au tip and the Au electrode surface in the presence of the target molecules (breaking process) or approaching the Au tip to the Au electrode surface covered by the molecules (making process). In the making process, no major conductance state was observed in the conductance histogram for DAB, while single conductance states were observed for the π-conjugated molecules of Py (10 mG0 , G0 ∼ 77...
March 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Brandon Kovarovic, Henry H Woo, David Fiorella, Baruch B Lieber, Chander Sadasivan
Cerebral angiography involves the antegrade injection of contrast media through a catheter into the vasculature to visualize the region of interest under X-ray imaging. Depending on the injection and blood flow parameters, the bolus of contrast can propagate in the upstream direction and proximal to the catheter tip, at which point contrast is said to have refluxed. In this in vitro study, we investigate the relationship of fundamental hemodynamic variables to this phenomenon. Contrast injections were carried out under steady and pulsatile flow using various vessel diameters, catheter sizes, working fluid flow rates, and injection rates...
March 1, 2018: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
Sara M Clifton, Eileen Herbers, Jack Chen, Daniel M Abrams
The custom of voluntarily tipping for services rendered has gone in and out of fashion in America since its introduction in the 19th century. Restaurant owners that ban tipping in their establishments often claim that social justice drives their decisions, but we show that rational profit-maximization may also justify the decisions. Here, we propose a conceptual model of restaurant competition for staff and customers, and we show that there exists a critical conventional tip rate at which restaurant owners should eliminate tipping to maximize profits...
February 2018: Chaos
Kai Pierre Willführ, Johannes Johow, Eckart Voland
Motivated by the cooperative breeding hypothesis, we investigate the effect of having kin on the mortality of reproductive women based on family reconstitutions for the Krummhörn region (East Frisia, Germany, 1720-1874). We rely on a combination of Cox clustered hazard models and hazard models stratified at the family level. In order to study behavior-related effects, we run a series of models in which only kin who lived in the same parish are considered. To investigate structural, non-behavior-related effects, we run a different model series that include all living kin, regardless their spatial proximity...
2018: PloS One
Thomas E Lovejoy, Carlos Nobre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Science Advances
Solmaz Saghebasl, Soodabeh Davaran, Reza Rahbarghazi, Azadeh Montaseri, Roya Salehi, Ali Ramazani
BACKGROUND: Biodegradable thermosensitive hydrogel scaffolds based on novel three-block PCL-PEG-PCL and penta block PNIPAAm-PCL-PEG-PCL-PNIPAAm copolymers blended with gelatin were prepared and examined on functional behavior of chondrocytes. METHODS: In this work, we compared two different thermosensitive hydrogel scaffolds (PNIPAAm-PCL-PEG-PCL-PNIPAAm)/Gelatin and (PCL-PEG-PCL)/Gelatin prepared by TIPS (thermally induced phase separation) method. The feature of copolymers was characterized by FT-IR,1 H NMR...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Rémi Chalard, David Reversat, Guillaume Morel, Pierre Mozer, Marie-Aude Vitrani
PURPOSE: Robots with a spherical unactuated wrist can be used for minimally invasive surgery. With such a robot, positioning the wrist center controls the instrument tip position when assuming that the insertion site behaves like a lever with a fixed and known fulcrum. In practice, this assumption is not always respected. In this paper we first study the practical consequences of this problem in terms of tip precision positioning. We then propose a robotic control scheme that improves the precision compared to the fixed point assumption approach...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Markus Leisegang, Jens Kügel, Lucas Klein, Matthias Bode
We report on a novel method, the molecular nanoprobe (MONA) technique, which allows to measure nanoscale quasiparticle transport between two arbitrary surface points. In these experiments hot electrons are injected into the sample surface from the probe tip of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and detected by tautomerization switching events of a single deprotonated H2 Pc molecule. By making use of atom-by-atom-engineered interferometers on a Ag(111) surface we demonstrate that the quantum-mechanical wave nature of hot electrons leads to characteristic oscillations of the molecule tautomerization probability...
February 27, 2018: Nano Letters
Burcu Erçakmak, Ceren Günenç Beşer, M. Hakan Özsoy, M. Deniz Demiryürek, Alp Bayramoğlu, K. Mutlu Hayran
Background/aim: The localization of the standard posterior portal of shoulder arthroscopy and landmarks mentioned in the literature are unclear. The purpose of this prospective cadaveric study was to determine the localization of the standard posterior portal and its distance to the neural structures. Materials and methods: One fresh frozen and 10 formalin-fixed adult cadaveric shoulders were dissected. In the beach chair position, a 5-mm trocar was placed anteroposteriorly from the superior edge of the subscapularis muscle, superior to the tip of the coracoid process and tangent to the glenoid...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"