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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#1
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
September 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916015/evaluating-integrated-mental-health-care-programs-for-children-and-youth
#2
REVIEW
Lawrence S Wissow, Jonathan D Brown, Robert J Hilt, Barry D Sarvet
Evaluations of integrated care programs share many characteristics of evaluations of other complex health system interventions. However, evaluating integrated care for child and adolescent mental health poses special challenges that stem from the broad range of social, emotional, and developmental problems that need to be addressed; the need to integrate care for other family members; and the lack of evidence-based interventions already adapted for primary care settings. Integrated care programs for children's mental health need to adapt and learn on the fly, so that evaluations may best be viewed through the lens of continuous quality improvement rather than evaluations of fixed programs...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916014/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-pediatric-subspecialty-clinics
#3
REVIEW
Chase Samsel, Monique Ribeiro, Patricia Ibeziako, David R DeMaso
Comorbid behavioral and physical health conditions are accompanied by troubling symptom burden, functional impairment, and treatment complexity. Pediatric subspecialty care clinics offer an opportunity for the implementation of integrated behavioral health (BH) care models that promote resiliency. This article reviews integrated BH care in oncology, palliative care, pain, neuropsychiatry, cystic fibrosis, and transplantation. Examples include integrated care mandates, standards of care, research, and quality improvement by child and adolescent psychiatrists (CAPs) and allied BH clinicians...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916010/competencies-and-training-guidelines-for-behavioral-health-providers-in-pediatric-primary-care
#4
REVIEW
Wanjiku F M Njoroge, Ariel A Williamson, Jennifer A Mautone, Paul M Robins, Tami D Benton
This article focuses on the cross-discipline training competencies needed for preparing behavioral health providers to implement integrated primary care services. After a review of current competencies in the disciplines of child and adolescent psychiatry, psychology, and social work, cross-cutting competencies for integrated training purposes are identified. These competencies are comprehensive and broad and can be modified for use in varied settings and training programs. An existing and successful integrated care training model, currently implemented at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, is described...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915904/tiga-cub-manualised-psychoanalytic-child-psychotherapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-children-aged-5-11-years-with-treatment-resistant-conduct-disorders-and-their-primary-carers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#5
Elizabeth Edginton, Rebecca Walwyn, Kayleigh Burton, Robert Cicero, Liz Graham, Sadie Reed, Sandy Tubeuf, Maureen Twiddy, Alex Wright-Hughes, Lynda Ellis, Dot Evans, Tom Hughes, Nick Midgley, Paul Wallis, David Cottrell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends evidence-based parenting programmes as a first-line intervention for conduct disorders (CD) in children aged 5-11 years. As these are not effective in 25-33% of cases, NICE has requested research into second-line interventions. Child and Adolescent Psychotherapists (CAPTs) address highly complex problems where first-line treatments have failed and there have been small-scale studies of Psychoanalytic Child Psychotherapy (PCP) for CD...
September 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914732/predictors-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-who-are-overweight-or-obese
#6
Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Christopher Burant, Shirley Moore
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) is a type of health-related QOL that may serve as a patient-reported outcome of the potential burden of overweight. The present study uses structural equation modeling path analysis methods to examine body mass index (BMI) and other potential predictors of WRQOL components among adolescents who were overweight/obese from predominantly low-income, urban households. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained from 360 participants (10-13 year olds; 57...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914445/the-prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-and-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Jenny Downs, Amanda Marie Blackmore, Amy Epstein, Rachel Skoss, Katherine Langdon, Peter Jacoby, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Helen Leonard, Peter W Rowe, Emma J Glasson
AIM: Mental health conditions and problems are often reported in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). A systematic review was undertaken to describe their prevalence. METHOD: MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases from 1996 to 2016 were searched and reference lists of selected studies were reviewed. Studies were included if they reported point prevalence of mental health diagnoses or symptoms in a general population of children and/or adolescents with CP. Pooled prevalence for mental health symptoms was determined using a random effects meta-analysis...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905111/maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-childhood-and-risky-behaviours-in-early-adolescence
#8
Eirini Flouri, Sofia Ioakeimidi
Longitudinal patterns of maternal depressive symptoms have yet to be linked to risky behaviours, such as substance use or violence, in early adolescence, when such behaviours may be particularly detrimental. This study was carried out to do this. Using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, it modelled the effect of trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms at child ages 3, 5, 7 and 11 years on antisocial behaviour and delinquency at age 11 years (N = 12,494). It also explored their role in predicting moral judgement and attitudes to alcohol at age 11, important predictors of delinquent or antisocial behaviour and alcohol use, respectively...
September 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900536/construct-and-criterion-validity-of-the-pedsql%C3%A2-4-0-instrument-pediatric-quality-of-life-inventory-in-colombia
#9
Ana Carolina Amaya-Arias, Juan Pablo Alzate, Javier H Eslava-Schmalbach
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at determining the validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL™ 4.0) for the measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Colombian children. METHODS: Validation study of measurement instruments. The PedsQL™ 4.0 was applied by convenience sampling to 375 pairs of children and adolescents between the ages of 5 and 17 and to their parents-caregivers, as well as to 125 parents-caregivers of children between the ages of 2 and 4 in five cities of Colombia (Bogota, Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla and Bucaramanga)...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#10
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898327/-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-health-care-services-for-adolescents-with-chronic-diseases-recommendations-from-the-adolescent-branch-from-sociedad-chilena-de-pediatr%C3%A3-a
#11
Tamara Zubarew, Loreto Correa, Paula Bedregal, Carolina Besoain, Alejandro Reinoso, Macarena Velarde, María Teresa Valenzuela, Carolina Inostroza
The Adolescent Branch from Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría supports the implementation of planned programs for transition from child to adult health centers, oriented to adolescents with chronic diseases, in order to ensure an appropriate follow-up and a high-quality health care. Recommendations for care are set out in the FONIS and VRI PUC project carried out by the Division of Pediatrics of the Universidad Católica de Chile: “Transition process from pediatric to adult services: perspectives of adolescents with chronic diseases, caregivers and health professionals”, whose goal was to describe the experience, barriers, critical points, and facilitators in the transition process...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893935/tumour-virus-vaccines-hepatitis-b-virus-and-human-papillomavirus
#12
REVIEW
Margaret Stanley
Two of the most important human oncogenic viruses are hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV). HBV infection has been preventable by vaccination since 1982; vaccination of neonates and infants is highly effective, resulting already in decreased rates of new infections, chronic liver disease and hepato-cellular carcinoma. Nonetheless, HBV remains a global public health problem with high rates of vertical transmission from mother to child in some regions. Prophylactic HPV vaccines composed of virus-like particles (VLPs) of the L1 capsid protein have been licensed since 2006/2007...
October 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893118/emotional-and-behavioral-health-needs-in-elementary-school-students-in-an-underserved-hispanic-community
#13
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Anna S Hsu, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Patricia Renno, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Lorraine S Evangelista
High rates of mental health problems in adolescents have been well documented; less is known about elementary school children in disadvantaged communities. We examined emotional and behavioral health needs in 202 third and fourth graders enrolled in a charter school in a largely Hispanic community. The child-reported Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-25 and Teacher's Report Form were used to evaluate mental health needs as perceived by these children and their teachers. The prevalence of teacher-reported depression and child self-reported anxiety was 7...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889916/evidence-for-a-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-sweden
#14
Johan Melander Hagborg, Kristina Berglund, Claudia Fahlke
School absenteeism is a potent predictor of academic failure. Maltreated adolescents have been found to be more absent from school compared to their peers. However, it is scarcely studied in what degree a general population of students with high levels of school absenteeism has been exposed to child maltreatment. Furthermore, it is not known if maltreated school-absentees have specific characteristics compared to not-maltreated absentees. In this article, the first objective was to present and compare the prevalence of six types of child maltreatment in a general population of high school students reporting no, moderate or excessive absenteeism...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886832/-towards-a-partnership-based-care-approach-to-adolescence
#15
Marlène Vilaplana, Caroline Blond, Geoffrey Ardoin, Francis Moreau, Laurent Defromont, Sidonie Lips
The transition from child psychiatry to adult psychiatry is difficult. The need to reinforce this 'bridge' between the services is clear. A system focused on the assessment and orientation of adolescents, set up a year ago by Lille-Métropole public mental health service, aims to favour collaboration on a local level between the different players from the social, medical and educational sector working with young people aged between 12 and 21 in order to facilitate this transition.
September 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882194/gps-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-specialists-experiences-of-joint-consultations-in-the-gp-s-office-a-qualitative-study
#16
Tori Guldahl Seierstad, Mette Brekke, Ingun Toftemo, Ole Rikard Haavet
BACKGROUND: The study is an exploration of a joint consultation model, a collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in Lillehammer, Norway. METHODS: A qualitative study based on two focus group interviews, one with participating GPs and one with participating specialists from the local CAMHS. Participants were five GPs, with work experience varying from 6 months to 20 years (four of them specialists in general medicine) and two CAMHS specialists-a psychiatrist and a psychologist-both with more than 20 years of experience...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880356/-diagnostics-of-attachment-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#17
M J van Hoof
Growing concern about how the neglect and abuse of children can be tackled and prevented has led to increased interest in the parent-child relationship and the concept of attachment. It is vitally important that the diagnostics relating to attachment are accurate. One of the main problems is that up till now the parent-child relationship has not been assessed and analysed in accordance with reliable, unambiguous standards.<br/> AIM: To search the literature in order to identify the prerequisites for reliable diagnostics of attachment...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878705/children-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-parental-protective-factors-and-resistance-to-mental-health-symptoms
#18
Michelle Slone, Anat Shoshani
This study examined the role of parenting styles and parental warmth in moderating relations between exposure to political life events and mental health symptoms among 277 Israeli adolescents aged 12-14 and their parents, who had been exposed to protracted periods of war, missile bombardments, and terrorism. Adolescents completed the Political Life Events (PLE) scale, Brief Symptom Inventory and questionnaires regarding parenting style and parental warmth. The primary caregiver completed the Child Behavior Checklist for assessment of the child's internalizing and externalizing symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875555/midazolam-vs-diazepam-in-prolonged-seizures-in-children-a-pharmacoeconomic-approach
#19
E Beghi, G Capovilla, E Franzoni, F Minicucci, A Romeo, A Verrotti, F Vigevano, E Perucca
OBJECTIVE: A previous European cost-utility study reported that use of buccal midazolam in the community setting for the treatment of prolonged seizures (ie, seizures lasting ≥5 minutes) in children was associated with an overall €12 507 399 reduction in annual costs charged to the Italian national health service compared with rectal diazepam. We re-evaluated these findings by applying a more conservative approach. METHODS: The Italian Delphi panel reconvened to apply a more conservative assessment of available reports...
September 6, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874319/childhood-unusual-experiences-in-community-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-in-south-east-london-prevalence-and-impact
#20
Kimberley Gin, Partha Banerjea, Chris Abbott, Sophie Browning, Karen Bracegirdle, Richard Corrigall, Suzanne Jolley
BACKGROUND: Distressing 'psychotic-like' or unusual experiences (UEDs) signify increased mental health risk in the general population, including greater likelihood and severity of co-occurring non-psychotic mental health problems, and, from fourteen years of age, increased risk of a future psychotic illness. Healthcare guidelines for under eighteens recommend psychological intervention for UEDs, to reduce current distress and adverse functional impact, and, potentially, future mental health risk...
September 2, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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