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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146622/refusal-of-treatment-of-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Amy E Caruso Brown, Amy R Slutzky
CONTEXT: Refusal of treatment for childhood cancer engenders much discussion. No systematic study of this phenomenon exists in countries where access to treatment is readily available. OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe all published cases of treatment refusal for childhood cancer in the contemporary era. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus, LexisNexis Academic, personal database, and secondary bibliographies...
November 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145501/a-comparison-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-survivors-of-sexual-assault-and-their-receipt-of-and-satisfaction-with-specialized-health-care-services
#2
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Sheila Macdonald, Anita Benoit, Tonia Forte
In Canada, Indigenous women are more likely than non-Indigenous women to be survivors of sexual assault and experience sexual assaults that are more serious in terms of physical injury and other health-related consequences. Despite their related needs for care and support, there is a paucity of research to date that has examined their uptake of specialized acute health services post sexual assault. To address this gap, we explored the presentation, sociodemographic, assailant, assault, and service use characteristics of Indigenous women, as compared to non-Indigenous adult and adolescent women aged 12 and older presenting to 30 of 35 hospital-based sexual assault treatment centres in Ontario from 2009 to 2011, using bivariate analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144263/public-health-practice-and-policy-to-improve-child-and-adolescent-health-in-europe
#3
EDITORIAL
Danielle Jansen, Sonia Saxena, Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142203/mode-of-delivery-and-child-and-adolescent-psychological-well-being-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#4
Cherry Y Leung, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
Mode of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section) is thought to affect gut microbiota, which in turn may affect psychological well-being. As such, mode of delivery is potentially a modifiable factor for psychological well-being. Here we examined the association of mode of delivery with child and adolescent psychological well-being. We used multivariable linear regression in a population-representative Hong Kong Chinese birth cohort, "Children of 1997," to examine the adjusted associations of mode of delivery with behavioral problems assessed from parent-reported Rutter score at ~7 (n = 6294) and ~11 years (n = 5598), self-esteem assessed from self-reported Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory score at ~11 years (n = 6937) and depressive symptoms assessed from self-reported Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score at ~13 years (n = 5797)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135446/-cross-informant-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-adolescent-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-children-with-externalising-symptoms
#5
Dóra Szentiványi, József Halász, Lili O Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Martina Miklós, Mónika Miklósi, Szabina Velo, Péter Vida, Judit Balázs
BACKGROUND: It is well-known phenomena both in clinical practice and research, that there is a discrepancy between the parents' and children's report about children's Quality of Life (QoL). The purpose of our research was to examine the differences in self and caregiver's proxy report of child's QoL. We also compared mothers', fathers' and other caregivers' reports of children's QoL. METHODS: Patients with externalizing symptoms in their history, aged 13-18 years were selected from the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127938/caregiver-feeding-practices-and-weight-status-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#6
E Thomaseo Burton, Tanganyika Wilder, Bettina M Beech, Marino A Bruce
Adolescence is a stage in the life course during which youth become more autonomous in their health behaviors. Overweight and obesity during this developmental period are associated with short- and long-term physical and emotional morbidity, and African American youth are at pronounced risk for these health outcomes. The style of parenting employed by caregivers influences health behaviors in children, though the persistence of this influence into adolescence is not clear. This study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices, body mass index z-score (zBMI), and waist circumference (WC) in a cohort of 212 African American adolescents (50...
November 6, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125322/associations-between-breastfeeding-and-maltreatment-in-childhood
#7
Kristen P Kremer, Theodore R Kremer
PURPOSE: Child maltreatment has serious implications for youth outcomes, yet its associations with early parenting practices are not fully understood. This study investigated whether breastfeeding practices are correlated with childhood maltreatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were utilized from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative and longitudinal study of adolescents. The analytic sample comprised 4,159 adolescents...
November 10, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124497/parent-child-endorsement-discrepancies-among-youth-at-chronic-risk-for-depression
#8
Bridget A Makol, Antonio J Polo
Depression is one of the most common mental health problems among U.S. adolescents, particularly among Latinos. Parent-child ratings of the presence and severity of child depressive symptoms show only low-to-moderate agreement. However, research has failed to examine discrepancies in populations with the highest levels of unmet need and little is known about patterns and predictors of parent-child agreement in ratings of depressive symptoms among ethnic minority families in community settings. Using a sample of 184 low-income, predominantly Latino, 5th through 7th grade students (63...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122090/prevalence-and-years-of-life-lost-due-to-disability-from-dental-caries-among-children-and-adolescents-in-western-china-1990-2015
#9
Zhuo Wang, Ying Deng, Shi Wei Liu, Jun He, Kui Ji, Xin Ying Zeng, Shu Juan Yang, Xin Yin Xu, Yu Luo, Mai Geng Zhou, Jian Xin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and years lived with disability (YLD) from dental caries among children and adolescents and the time trends over the past two decades in Sichuan province, the largest province in west China. METHODS: Based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD2015), which systematically assessed the epidemiological characteristics of major diseases and their transitions by country and region from 1990 to 2015, we extracted the estimated results for China...
2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119809/sleep-in-young-children-with-asthma-and-their-parents
#10
Lisa J Meltzer, Cara E Pugliese
Sleep problems are common in healthy young children, as well as in older children and adolescents with asthma; yet little is known about the sleep patterns and sleep issues of young children with asthma. Further, when young children have sleep disruptions, parental sleep is also typically disrupted. The purpose of this study was to characterize sleep in young children (one to four years) with and without asthma and their parents. Parents of young children ( n = 364) from the general community completed measures of sleep patterns and sleep issues in their children and in themselves...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117922/depression-anxiety-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-prevalence-and-treatment-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Swetha Yatham, Shalini Sivathasan, Rosalia Yoon, Tricia L da Silva, Arun V Ravindran
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries (LMICs) not only have the majority of the world's population but also the largest proportion of youth. Poverty, civil conflict and environmental stressors tend to be endemic in these countries and contribute to significant psychiatric morbidity, including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, mental health data from LMICs is scarce, particularly data on youth. Evaluation of such information is crucial for planning services and reducing the burden of disability...
October 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#12
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#13
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111227/african-american-males-in-chicago-pathways-from-early-childhood-intervention-to-reduced-violence
#14
Alison Giovanelli, Momoko Hayakawa, Michelle M Englund, Arthur J Reynolds
PURPOSE: Extreme youth violence is a salient public health crisis in Chicago, particularly among African-American males. This article examines mechanisms through which a preschool intervention program, the Child-Parent Center program, in inner-city Chicago may divert high-risk males from pathways leading to violent criminal behavior. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis from early environmental factors to socioemotional competencies through parent involvement and achievement to violent arrest in emerging adulthood...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107605/human-health-risks-related-to-the-consumption-of-foodstuffs-of-animal-origin-contaminated-by-bisphenol-a
#15
Sébastien Gorecki, Nawel Bemrah, Alain-Claude Roudot, Eric Marchioni, Bruno Le Bizec, Franck Faivre, Manik Kadawathagedara, Jérémie Botton, Gilles Rivière
Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in a wide variety of products and objects for consumers use (digital media such as CD's and DVD's, sport equipment, food and beverage containers, medical equipment). For humans, the main route of exposure to BPA is food. Based on previous estimates, almost 20% of the dietary exposure to BPA in the French population would be from food of animal origin. However, due to the use of composite samples, the source of the contamination had not been identified. Therefore, 322 individual samples of non-canned foods of animal origin were collected with the objectives of first updating the estimation of the exposure of the French population and second identifying the source of contamination of these foodstuffs using a specific analytical method...
October 28, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103439/perinatal-health-and-malocclusions-in-preschool-children-findings-from-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#16
Cássia Cardozo Amaral, Vanessa Polina Pereira da Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy in adolescence has long-term consequences that can negatively influence oral conditions. In this study, we aimed to assess malocclusion in deciduous dentition and its association with prolonged breastfeeding, pacifier use, and perinatal health indicators pertaining to the periods immediately before and after birth. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers who became pregnant from 13 to 19 years of age (mean age, 17...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099802/association-between-global-life-satisfaction-and-self-rated-oral-health-conditions-among-adolescents-in-lithuania
#17
Aistė Kavaliauskienė, Antanas Šidlauskas, Apolinaras Zaborskis
Background: This study aims to explore the extent to which the perceived oral conditions predict adolescent global life satisfaction (GLS); Methods: The sample in a cross-sectional survey consisted of 1510 Lithuanian adolescents (41.7% boys) aged 11-18. The survey was conducted by means of self-report questionnaires that were administrated in school classrooms ensuring confidentiality and anonymity of the participants. The schoolchildren rated their GLS and answered the questions about perceptions of their oral health...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097272/use-of-mental-health-services-by-adolescents-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-a
#18
Andrea R S Huebner, Amy Cassedy, Tanya M Brown, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Many patients in need of mental health services do not receive them, but studies have not consistently used prospective and objective methods or followed samples for more than 1 year. OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescents' use of mental health services after TBI. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from multicenter prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Five level 1 US trauma centers...
October 30, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096768/expanding-our-reach-integrating-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-into-primary-care-at-federally-qualified-health-centers
#19
EDITORIAL
Kristopher Edward Kaliebe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095747/sleep-sufficiency-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-tourette-s-disorder-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#20
Emily J Ricketts, Michelle Rozenman, Caitlin Choy, Hannah B Goldberg, Jessica S Kim, Christopher S Colwell, James T McCracken, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: The present study compared sleep sufficiency in youth with current Tourette's disorder (TD), history of TD and matched case controls, and examined predictors of sufficient sleep using a large US population-based survey. METHOD: Participants were 673 caregivers of youth aged 6 to 17 years (298 with current TD, 122 with a history of TD with no endorsement of current diagnosis, and 254 matched case controls) from the 2007 and 2011-2012 versions of the National Survey of Children's Health...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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