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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#1
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220340/preventing-youth-from-falling-through-the-cracks-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care
#2
Tram Nguyen, Mark G Embrett, Neil G Barr, Gillian M Mulvale, Diana K Vania, Glen E Randall, Briano DiRezze
Optimizing the transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS) is a priority for healthcare systems. The purpose of this systematic review is to: (1) identify and compare models of care that may be used to facilitate the transition from CAMHS to AMHS; and (2) discuss trends and implications to inform future research and practice. Results identified three models of care which move beyond healthcare services and incorporate a broader range of services that better meet the dynamic needs of transition-aged youth...
February 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220099/suppression-benefits-boys-in-taiwan-the-relation-between-gender-emotional-regulation-strategy-and-mental-health
#3
Kuang-Hui Yeh, Olwen Bedford, Chih-Wen Wu, Shu-Yi Wang, Nai-Shing Yen
Emotion regulation (ER) strategies have a clear impact on mental health outcomes. In 2 studies (N = 695, N = 433) we investigated gender differences in the use of 2 ER strategies (reappraisal and suppression) to handle parent-child conflict in Taiwanese adolescents. We also identified the implications of these differences for some negative emotions (self-blame and resentment) and internalizing problems (psychosomatic symptoms and social withdrawal). Results of the correlation analyses in both studies indicated that reappraisal and suppression ER strategies are positively correlated only in male Taiwanese adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219392/meaning-and-barriers-to-quality-care-service-provision-in-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#4
Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Pablo Ronzoni, Nisha Dogra
BACKGROUND: Defining quality in health presents many challenges. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defined quality clinical care as care that is equitable, timely, safe, efficient, effective and patient centred. However, it is not clear how different stakeholders within a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) understand and/or apply this framework. This project aims to identify key stakeholders" understanding of the meaning of quality in the context of CAMHS. METHOD: The study sample comprised of three groups: (i) patients and carers, (ii) CAMHS clinical staff, and (iii) commissioners (Total N = 24)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217601/prevalence-of-rubella-specific-igg-antibodies-in-unimmunized-young-female-population
#5
Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Vidya Kuniyil, Anitha P Moorkoth, Bhaskar Rao, Paramasivam Selvam
CONTEXT: Rubella is a mild self-limiting disease all over the world; nevertheless, it is of significant public health importance due to its teratogenic effect of congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella vaccine is currently not included in the national immunization program in India. Rubella-specific IgG in the unvaccinated population is a marker of previous rubella infection. Rubella IgG estimation in children will provide data for initiation and necessary modification to the immunization strategy...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#6
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213605/2017-recommendations-for-preventive-pediatric-health-care
#7
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Recommendations for Preventive Pediatric Health Care (Periodicity Schedule) have been approved by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and represents a consensus of AAP and the Bright Futures Periodicity Schedule Workgroup. Each child and family is unique; therefore, these recommendations are designed for the care of children who are receiving competent parenting, have no manifestations of any important health problems, and are growing and developing in a satisfactory fashion. Developmental, psychosocial, and chronic disease issues for children and adolescents may require frequent counseling and treatment visits separate from preventive care visits...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210811/status-and-perception-of-oral-health-in-6-17-year-old-psychiatric-inpatients-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
I M Schüler, B Bock, R Heinrich-Weltzien, K Bekes, M Rudovsky, Ch Filz, C Ligges
AIM: The following are the aims of the study: assessment of oral health status, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and the effect of oral health care training over OHRQoL in children and adolescents hospitalized with mental disorders. METHODOLOGY: This randomized case controlled prospective interventional study involved 81 child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients (CAP) aged between 6 and 17 years (mean age 10.6 ± 2.4 years), compared to 81 mentally healthy patients attending routine dental examinations (DC group) matched according to age and sex of the CAP group...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205626/exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-and-childhood-rhinitis-a-population-based-study
#10
Tsung-Chieh Yao, Su-Wei Chang, Wei-Chiao Chang, Ming-Han Tsai, Sui-Ling Liao, Man-Chin Hua, Shen-Hao Lai, Kuo-Wei Yeh, Yu-Lun Tseng, Wan-Chen Lin, Hui-Ju Tsai, Jing-Long Huang
Exposure to tobacco smoke has been associated with harmful effects on child health. The association between tobacco smoke exposure and childhood rhinitis has not been established in developed or developing countries. We investigated the association between serum cotinine levels and rhinitis in a population sample of 1,315 Asian children. Serum cotinine levels were positively associated with rhinitis ever (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.95; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-7.60) and current rhinitis (AOR = 2...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#11
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#12
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196831/child-and-adolescent-mental-health-repeat-visits-to-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Stephanie L Leon, Paula Cloutier, Christine Polihronis, Roger Zemek, Amanda S Newton, Clare Gray, Mario Cappelli
OBJECTIVES: Repeat visits represent up to 45% of mental health (MH) presentations to emergency departments (EDs) and are associated with higher health care costs. We aimed to synthesize available literature on predictors of pediatric MH repeat ED visits and differences between repeat visitors and nonrepeat visitors. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PsycINFO, PubMed, and CINAHL databases. Reporting followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement checklist...
February 14, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196459/care-provision-and-prescribing-practices-of-physicians-treating-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#14
Ayush Patel, Rohan Medhekar, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Rajender R Aparasu, Wenyaw Chan, Jeffrey T Sherer, Joy Alonzo, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: Care provision and prescribing practices of physicians treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with the 1995-2010 General Electric Centricity Electronic Medical Record database. The sample included children (≤18 years) with newly diagnosed ADHD (ICD-9-CM code 314.XX) who received a prescription for a stimulant or atomoxetine. Identification of comorbid psychiatric disorders, duration from initial ADHD diagnosis to treatment, prescription of other psychotropic medications, and follow-up care during the ten months after the ADHD treatment initiation were compared across provider type (primary care physicians [PCPs], child psychiatrists, and physicians with an unknown specialty)...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196085/what-device-would-be-best-for-early-infant-male-circumcision-in-east-and-southern-africa-provider-experiences-and-opinions-with-three-different-devices-in-kenya
#15
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Fredrick O Otieno
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces risk of HIV acquisition in heterosexual men by approximately 60%. As some countries approach targets for proportions of adolescents and adults circumcised, some are considering early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as a means to achieve sustainability of VMMC for long term reduction of HIV incidence. Evaluations of specialized devices for EIMC are important to provide programs with information required to make informed decisions about how to design safe, effective EIMC programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196030/physical-activities-and-lifestyle-factors-related-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#16
Kota Watanabe, Takehiro Michikawa, Ikuho Yonezawa, Masashi Takaso, Shohei Minami, Shigeru Soshi, Takashi Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Katsumi Abe, Masamichi Takahashi, Keiko Asakura, Yuji Nishiwaki, Morio Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic factors, environmental and lifestyle factors are thought to play an important role in the onset of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This cross-sectional study was conducted to explore lifestyle factors related to AIS. METHODS: This study included 2,759 Japanese female junior high school students who planned a secondary screening after an initial moiré topography screening indicated possible scoliosis. The students and their mothers, or guardians, were asked to fill out a questionnaire consisting of 38 questions about demographic factors, lifestyle-related factors, social factors, household environment, participation in sports, health status, and factors related to the mother's pregnancy and delivery...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194761/editorial-perspective-from-there-to-here-adapting-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-interventions-for-low-resource-settings
#17
EDITORIAL
Gauri Divan
The majority of evidence for child and adolescent mental health interventions is generated in high-income countries. However, the majority of the world's children live in low- and middle-income countries, resulting in a large treatment gap for these disorders. A systematic approach to adapt evidence-based interventions so as to address cultural and contextual issues will increase an interventions acceptability and reach, allowing us to address these enormous unmet needs.
March 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192774/irritability-in-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-an-integrative-review-for-icd-11
#18
REVIEW
Spencer C Evans, Jeffrey D Burke, Michael C Roberts, Paula J Fite, John E Lochman, Francisco R de la Peña, Geoffrey M Reed
In preparation for the World Health Organization's development of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders, this article reviews the literature pertaining to severe irritability in child and adolescent psychopathology. First, research on severe mood dysregulation suggests that youth with irritability and temper outbursts, among other features of hyperactivity and arousal, demonstrate cross-sectional correlates and developmental outcomes that distinguish them from youth with bipolar disorder...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190570/rethinking-research-on-sexual-exploitation-of-boys-methodological-challenges-and-recommendations-to-optimize-future-knowledge-generation
#19
Katherine Mitchell, Melissa Moynihan, Claire Pitcher, Annabel Francis, Abigail English, Elizabeth Saewyc
Research and policies on child and adolescent sexual exploitation frequently focus on the sexual exploitation of girls and fail to recognize the experiences of sexually exploited boys, including their potentially unique health care and social support needs. This oversight limits the ability of health care and social service providers to offer both targeted and evidence informed care to sexually exploited boys. As a first step in a larger grant to understand the experiences of sexually exploited boys and to develop interventions for this specific population, we conducted a systematic review to address the question, "What is the state of the research on sexually exploited boys internationally?" As we undertook this review, we faced a number of significant challenges that made the process more difficult than anticipated...
February 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185239/family-impact-of-migraine-development-of-the-impact-of-migraine-on-partners-and-adolescent-children-impac-scale
#20
Richard B Lipton, Dawn C Buse, Aubrey Manack Adams, Sepideh F Varon, Kristina M Fanning, Michael L Reed
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of the Impact of Migraine on Partners and Adolescent Children (IMPAC) scale. BACKGROUND: Although existing data and clinical experience suggest that the impact of migraine is pervasive and extends beyond the individual with migraine, no validated tools exist for assessing the impact of migraine on the family. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine Epidemiology and Outcomes (CaMEO) Study is a longitudinal study of people with migraine in the United States...
February 10, 2017: Headache
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