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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454178/caffeine-use-disorder-an-item-response-theory-analysis-of-proposed-dsm-5-criteria
#1
Csilla Ágoston, Róbert Urbán, Mara J Richman, Zsolt Demetrovics
INTRODUCTION: Caffeine is a common psychoactive substance with a documented addictive potential. Caffeine withdrawal has been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), but caffeine use disorder (CUD) is considered to be a condition for further study. The aim of the current study is (1) to test the psychometric properties of the Caffeine Use Disorder Questionnaire (CUDQ) by using a confirmatory factor analysis and an item response theory (IRT) approach, (2) to compare IRT models with varying numbers of parameters and models with or without caffeine consumption criteria, and (3) to examine if the total daily caffeine consumption and the use of different caffeinated products can predict the magnitude of CUD symptomatology...
February 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453034/adult-insecure-attachment-plays-a-role-in-hyperarousal-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-insomnia-disorder
#2
Laura Palagini, Eleonora Petri, Martina Novi, Danila Caruso, Umberto Moretto, Dieter Riemann
Studies show that unhelpful cognitive processes play a role in insomnia, whereas interpersonal factors have been less studied in insomnia. Attachment theory can be used as a cognitive-interpersonal framework for understanding insomnia. Because attachment insecurity (vs security) is related to psychiatric disorders the objective was to study the attachment style in insomnia. To this aim sixty-four subjects with Insomnia Disorder (DSM-5) and 38 good sleepers were evaluate in a cross-sectional study with: Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS), Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS) and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
January 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451826/flexibility-and-rigidity-in-object-relational-functioning-assessing-change-in-suicidal-ideation-and-global-psychiatric-functioning-using-the-scors-g
#3
A Jill Clemence, Katie Lewis
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Westen, 1995 ) has been widely used as an assessment measure of object relational functioning across a number of stimuli. This study used the SCORS-G to investigate associations between global impairments and rigidity in quality of object relations with changes in suicidal ideation and psychiatric functioning over time. Participant narratives describing actual interpersonal experiences were collected using the Relationship Anecdote Paradigm (Luborsky, 1998 ) from a sample of individuals diagnosed with complex psychopathology completing residential psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450447/interplay-among-psychopathologic-variables-personal-resources-context-related-factors-and-real-life-functioning-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-network-analysis
#4
Silvana Galderisi, Paola Rucci, Brian Kirkpatrick, Armida Mucci, Dino Gibertoni, Paola Rocca, Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Bertolino, Gregory P Strauss, Eugenio Aguglia, Antonello Bellomo, Martino Belvederi Murri, Paola Bucci, Bernardo Carpiniello, Anna Comparelli, Alessandro Cuomo, Domenico De Berardis, Liliana Dell'Osso, Fabio Di Fabio, Barbara Gelao, Carlo Marchesi, Palmiero Monteleone, Cristiana Montemagni, Giulia Orsenigo, Francesca Pacitti, Rita Roncone, Paolo Santonastaso, Alberto Siracusano, Annarita Vignapiano, Antonio Vita, Patrizia Zeppegno, Mario Maj
Importance: Enhanced understanding of factors associated with symptomatic and functional recovery is instrumental to designing personalized treatment plans for people with schizophrenia. To date, this is the first study using network analysis to investigate the associations among cognitive, psychopathologic, and psychosocial variables in a large sample of community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia. Objective: To assess the interplay among psychopathologic variables, cognitive dysfunctions, functional capacity, personal resources, perceived stigma, and real-life functioning in individuals with schizophrenia, using a data-driven approach...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448136/improving-functional-outcomes-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-ptsd-by-changing-ptsd-severity-and-post-traumatic-cognitions
#5
Melanie S Harned, Chelsey R Wilks, Sara C Schmidt, Trevor N Coyle
Although functional impairment typically improves during evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) for borderline personality disorder (BPD), functional levels often remain suboptimal after treatment. The present pilot study evaluated whether and how integrating PTSD treatment into an EBP for BPD would improve functional outcomes. Participants were 26 women with BPD, PTSD, and recent suicidal and/or self-injurious behavior who were randomized to receive one year of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) or DBT with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol for PTSD...
February 6, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447397/barriers-and-facilitators-of-diabetes-services-in-nepal-a-qualitative-evaluation
#6
Nicole Ide, James P LoGerfo, Biraj Karmacharya
For the past three decades, the burden of diabetes in Nepal has been steadily increasing, with an estimated 3% annual increase since the year 2000. Although the burden is increasing, the methods of addressing the challenge have remained largely unchanged. This study sought to assess the current state of diabetes services provided by health facilities and to identify the major barriers that people with diabetes commonly face in Nepal. For this qualitative study, we selected five health facilities of varying levels and locations...
February 13, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446962/borderline-personality-features-and-integration-of-positive-and-negative-thoughts-about-significant-others
#7
Kathy R Berenson, Jessica C Johnson, Fanghui Zhao, Olga Nynaes, Tamir Goren
Taking the bad with the good is a necessity of life, and people who readily integrate thoughts of their loved one's flaws with thoughts of their more positive attributes maintain more stable, satisfying relationships. Borderline personality disorder, however, is often characterized by interpersonal perceptions that fluctuate between extremes of good and bad. We used a timed judgment task to examine information processing about significant others in individuals high in borderline personality features relative to healthy individuals and those high in avoidant personality features...
February 15, 2018: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437028/changes-in-the-peripheral-endocannabinoid-system-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-eating-disorders
#8
Anna Capasso, Walter Milano, Omar Cauli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eating Disorder (ED) is characterized by persistently and severely disturbed eating behaviours. They arise from a combination of long-standing behavioural, emotional, psychological, interpersonal, and social factors and result in insufficient nutrient ingestion and/or adsorption. The three main EDs are: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. We review the role of peripheral endocannabinoids in eating behaviour. DISCUSSION: The neuronal pathways involved in feeding behaviours are closely related to catecholaminergic, serotoninergic and peptidergic systems...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435787/a-developmental-perspective-on-young-adult-romantic-relationships-examining-family-and-individual-factors-in-adolescence
#9
Mengya Xia, Gregory M Fosco, Melissa A Lippold, Mark E Feinberg
The ability to develop and maintain healthy romantic relationships is a key developmental task in young adulthood. The present study investigated how adolescent interpersonal skills (assertiveness, positive engagement) and family processes (family climate, parenting practices) influence the development of young adult romantic relationship functioning. We evaluated cross-lag structural equation models with a sample of 974 early adolescents living in rural and semi-rural communities in Pennsylvania and Iowa, starting in sixth grade (mean age = 12...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434015/trust-in-health-information-sources-survey-analysis-of-variation-by-sociodemographic-and-tobacco-use-status-in-oklahoma
#10
Cati G Brown-Johnson, Lindsay M Boeckman, Ashley H White, Andrea D Burbank, Sjonna Paulson, Laura A Beebe
BACKGROUND: Modern technology (ie, websites and social media) has significantly changed social mores in health information access and delivery. Although mass media campaigns for health intervention have proven effective and cost-effective in changing health behavior at a population scale, this is best studied in traditional media sources (ie, radio and television). Digital health interventions are options that use short message service/text messaging, social media, and internet technology...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433492/listening-to-their-voices-understanding-rural-women-s-perceptions-of-good-delivery-care-at-the-mibilizi-district-hospital-in-rwanda
#11
Zack Ndirima, Florian Neuhann, Claudia Beiersmann
BACKGROUND: Poor quality maternity care may lead to increased maternal dissatisfaction, and subsequent decreased utilization of health services or both. In a responsive health system, determining suitable delivery care, in the mother's opinion, may lead to an improved quality of services and the mother's satisfaction. In Rwanda, there is still limited knowledge and inadequate research regarding patient satisfaction and preferences, especially for women's perceptions and needs during childbirth...
February 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433012/talking-about-male-body-based-contraceptives-the-counseling-visit-and-the-feminization-of-contraception
#12
Katrina Kimport
In developed countries, women bear the primary, and sometimes exclusive, responsibility for preventing pregnancy in heterosexual sexual relations. This unequal burden is not an intrinsic fact; it is the consequence of broad social narratives and interpersonal negotiations. The contraceptive counseling visit is increasingly recognized as a site of the discursive production of normative ideas about reproduction, suggesting that clinicians themselves may contribute to the assignment of responsibility for contraceptive labor to women (i...
February 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430771/factors-associated-with-romantic-relationship-formation-difficulties-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#13
L-K Shaw, K A Sherman, J Fitness, E Elder
OBJECTIVE: Many un-partnered women report difficulty in forming romantic relationships after breast cancer, characterized by high dating-related anxiety and low perceived interpersonal competence. This study examined the relationship between poor body image (appearance investment and body dissatisfaction) and self-compassion, and women's ability to form romantic relationships post-breast cancer. METHODS: Women (N=152) diagnosed with breast cancer, who were either un-partnered and expressed interest in romantic dating, or who had commenced a relationship post-diagnosis, completed an online survey...
February 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427998/effects-of-interpersonal-trust-among-users-of-online-health-communities-on-patient-trust-in-and-satisfaction-with-their-physician
#14
Anne-Françoise Audrain-Pontevia, Loick Menvielle
OBJECTIVES: Online Health Communities (OHCs) are increasingly being used by patients in the Web 2.0 era. Today's patients have instant access to a great deal of medical information and contacts. Despite the considerable development of OHCs, little is known regarding the impact on the patient-physician relationship. This research aims at filling this gap and examines how interpersonal trust on peer-to-peer OHCs influences two key relational variables, namely patient trust in the physician and patient satisfaction with the physician...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427618/factors-influencing-team-behaviors-in-surgery-a-qualitative-study-to-inform-teamwork-interventions
#15
Emma-Louise Aveling, Juliana Stone, Thoralf Sundt, Cameron Wright, Francesca Gino, Sara Singer
BACKGROUND: Surgical excellence demands teamwork. Poor team behaviors negatively affect team performance and are associated with adverse events and worse outcomes. Interventions to improve surgical teamwork focusing on frontline team members' nontechnical skills have proliferated but shown mixed results. Literature on teamwork in organizations suggests that team behaviors are also contingent on psycho-social, cultural and organizational factors. This study examines factors influencing surgical team behaviors in order to inform more contextually sensitive and effective approaches to optimizing surgical teamwork...
February 7, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427197/the-network-structure-of-paranoia-in-the-general-population
#16
Vaughan Bell, Ciarán O'Driscoll
PURPOSE: Bebbington and colleagues' influential study on 'the structure of paranoia in the general population' used data from the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey and latent variable analysis methods. Network analysis is a relatively new approach in psychopathology research that considers mental disorders to be emergent phenomena from causal interactions among symptoms. This study re-analysed the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey data using network analysis to examine the network structure of paranoia in the general population...
February 9, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426999/addressing-moderate-interpersonal-hatred-before-addressing-forgiveness-in-psychotherapy-and-counseling-a-proposed-model
#17
Paul C Vitz
This paper addresses the problem of pressure on a person to forgive that often makes forgiveness impossible or superficial. It proposes that clients who are unwilling or unable to forgive can still be encouraged to let go of interpersonal hatred because it is psychologically harmful to them. The issue of forgiving the person toward whom the hatred is directed can be treated more easily later, after the hatred has been removed or at least much reduced. The present theoretical approach distinguishes between anger and hatred; it provides a brief understanding of the origin of hatred from an object relations perspective with a focus on splitting...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425751/aggression-using-a-knife-or-other-sharp-instruments-and-oral-maxillofacial-traumas-incidence-risk-factors-and-epidemiologic-trends
#18
Luzia Michelle Santos, Italo M Bernardino, Alysson Vinicius Ferreira Porto, Kevan Guilherme Nórbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Sérgio d'Avila
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to characterize the profile of victims of interpersonal physical violence (IPV) caused by a knife or other sharp instrument, identify the factors associated with maxillofacial trauma, and examine the incidence of maxillofacial trauma over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 569 medicolegal and social records of IPV victims by knife or other sharp instruments treated at a forensic medicine and dentistry center in Brazil during a 4-year consecutive period...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425354/a-qualitative-study-of-patient-experiences-of-care-in-integrated-behavioral-health-and-primary-care-settings-more-similar-than-different
#19
Melinda M Davis, Rose Gunn, L Kris Gowen, Benjamin F Miller, Larry A Green, Deborah J Cohen
Integrated behavioral health and primary care is a patient-centered approach designed to address a person's physical, emotional, and social healthcare needs. Increasingly, practices are integrating care to help achieve the Quadruple Aim, yet no studies have examined, using qualitative methods, patients' experiences of care in integrated settings. The purpose of this study was to examine patients' experiences of care in community-based settings integrating behavioral health and primary care. This is a qualitative study of 24 patients receiving care across five practices participating in Advancing Care Together (ACT)...
February 7, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425178/coordinated-interpersonal-behaviour-in-collective-dance-improvisation-the-aesthetics-of-kinaesthetic-togetherness
#20
Tommi Himberg, Julien Laroche, Romain Bigé, Megan Buchkowski, Asaf Bachrach
Collective dance improvisation (e.g., traditional and social dancing, contact improvisation) is a participatory, relational and embodied art form which eschews standard concepts in aesthetics. We present our ongoing research into the mechanisms underlying the lived experience of "togetherness" associated with such practices. Togetherness in collective dance improvisation is kinaesthetic (based on movement and its perception), and so can be simultaneously addressed from the perspective of the performers and the spectators, and be measured...
February 9, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
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