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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429858/trauma-related-disgust-in-veterans-with-interpersonal-trauma
#1
Jessica Bomyea, Carolyn B Allard
Although traditionally conceptualized as an anxiety disorder, variability in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be explained by individual differences in peri- or posttraumatic disgust. We examined relationships between disgust reactions and other trauma-related symptoms in 100 veterans with a history of interpersonal trauma and gender differences in these variables. We also evaluated the mediating role of posttraumatic disgust and guilt in the relationship between peritraumatic disgust and PTSD symptoms...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429385/risk-factors-proximate-to-suicide-and-suicide-risk-assessment-in-the-context-of-denied-suicide-ideation
#2
Alan L Berman
Health care providers have significant opportunities to identify individuals at near-term risk for suicide, but lack empirical data on near-term risk factors. This study aimed to identify dynamic, state-related risk factors observed by clinical practitioners within the last 30 days of life of 157 patients who died by suicide and to compare these near-term risk factors among patients who denied versus responded positively to having suicide ideation (SI) when last asked by a clinical practitioner prior to their death...
April 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428813/perinatal-depression-in-nigeria-perspectives-of-women-family-caregivers-and-health-care-providers
#3
Ademola Adeponle, Danielle Groleau, Lola Kola, Laurence J Kirmayer, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Perinatal maternal depression is common and undertreated in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Nigeria. While culture shapes the social determinants and expression of depressive symptoms, there is a dearth of research investigating these processes in African contexts. METHODS: To address this gap, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 women with perinatal depression, 14 of their family caregivers and 11 health providers, using the McGill Illness Narrative Interview as part of a larger trial of a stepped-care intervention...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428764/employee-age-alters-the-effects-of-justice-on-emotional-exhaustion-and-organizational-deviance
#4
Justin P Brienza, D Ramona Bobocel
Fairness in the workplace attenuates a host of negative individual and organizational outcomes. However, research on the psychology of aging challenges the assumption that fairness operates similarly across different age groups. The current research explored how older workers, vis-à-vis younger workers, react to perceptions of fairness. Integrating socioemotional selectivity theory and the multiple needs theory of organizational justice, we generated novel predictions regarding the relations between perceptions of workplace justice, emotional exhaustion, and employee deviance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#5
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427032/social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-focus-on-emotional-intelligence
#6
C Varo, E Jimenez, B Solé, C M Bonnín, C Torrent, E Valls, I Morilla, G Lahera, A Martínez-Arán, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to characterize emotional intelligence (EI) variability in a sample of euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients through the Mayer- Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). METHOD: A total of 134 euthymic BD outpatients were recruited and divided into three groups according to the total Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) score of the MSCEIT, following a statistical criterion of scores 1.5SDs above/below the normative group mean, as follows: a low performance (LP) group (EIQ <85), a normal performance (NP) group (85≤EIQ≤115), and a high performance (HP) group (EIQ >115)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426909/nursing-and-pharmacy-students-use-of-emotionally-intelligent-behaviours-to-manage-challenging-interpersonal-situations-with-staff-during-clinical-placement-a-qualitative-study
#7
Andrea McCloughen, Kim Foster
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify challenging interpersonal interactions experienced by nursing and pharmacy students during clinical placement, and strategies used to manage those situations. BACKGROUND: Healthcare students and staff experience elevated stress when exposed to dynamic clinical environments, complex care, and challenging professional relationships. Emotionally intelligent behaviours are associated with appropriate recognition and management of emotions evoked by stressful experiences, and development of effective relationships...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426348/traumatic-brain-injury-and-lifetime-suicidality-applying-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-perspective
#8
Claire N Bryson, Robert J Cramer, Adam T Schmidt
The present paper investigates the traumatic brain injury (TBI)-suicide link, assessing whether: (a) TBI accounts for variance in suicide risk, and (b) The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide can be applied to TBI status. Matched case-control procedures applied to archival college student health data identified TBI and non-TBI subsamples (84 total). Individuals with a TBI possessed higher suicide risk than those without. Even accounting for the relative influence of strong suicide risk factors (i...
April 20, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426316/mechanisms-linking-hiv-related-stigma-adherence-to-treatment-and-health-outcomes-a-conceptual-framework
#9
Bulent Turan, Abigail M Hatcher, Sheri D Weiser, Mallory O Johnson, Whitney S Rice, Janet M Turan
We present a conceptual framework that highlights how unique dimensions of individual-level HIV-related stigma (perceived community stigma, experienced stigma, internalized stigma, and anticipated stigma) might differently affect the health of those living with HIV. HIV-related stigma is recognized as a barrier to both HIV prevention and engagement in HIV care, but little is known about the mechanisms through which stigma leads to worse health behaviors or outcomes. Our conceptual framework posits that, in the context of intersectional and structural stigmas, individual-level dimensions of HIV-related stigma operate through interpersonal factors, mental health, psychological resources, and biological stress pathways...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425491/the-neural-dynamics-underlying-the-interpersonal-effects-of-emotional-expression-on-decision-making
#10
Xuhai Chen, Tingting Zheng, Lingzi Han, Yingchao Chang, Yangmei Luo
Although numerous studies explore the effects of emotion on decision-making, the existing research has mainly focused on the influence of intrapersonal emotions, leaving the influence of one person's emotions on another's decisions underestimated. To specify how interpersonal emotions shape decision-making and delineate the underlying neural dynamics involved, the present study examined brain responses to utilitarian feedback combined with angry or happy faces in competitive and cooperative contexts. Behavioral results showed that participants responded slower following losses than wins when competitors express happiness but responded faster following losses than wins when cooperators express anger...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422574/social-cognitive-and-social-behavioral-correlates-of-suicide-risk-in-college-students-contributions-from-interpersonal-theories-of-suicide-and-depression
#11
Aubrey R Dueweke, Rebecca A Schwartz-Mette
OBJECTIVES: Joiner's interpersonal psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) is predated by literature examining maladaptive interpersonal behaviors associated with depression; however, research has not examined the potential relevance of such behaviors for the IPTS. The current study aimed to expand understanding of suicide risk by examining two maladaptive interpersonal behaviors in the context of Joiner's IPTS model. METHODS: Structural equation modeling examined associations between depressive symptoms, social-cognitive predictors of suicide, maladaptive interpersonal behaviors, and suicide risk in 228 college students (53...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421644/the-clinical-application-of-suicide-risk-assessment-a-theory-driven-approach
#12
Sean M Mitchell, Sarah L Brown, Jared F Roush, Angelea D Bolaños, Andrew K Littlefield, Andrew J Marshall, Danielle R Jahn, Robert D Morgan, Kelly C Cukrowicz
The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB) increase suicide ideation; however, studies have found mixed results regarding this hypothesis among psychiatric inpatients. This study aimed to (a) demonstrate how assessing TB and PB using the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) can provide clinically useful information and (b) investigate how statistical methodology may impact the clinical application of the INQ. Participants were 139 (Sample 1) and 104 (Sample 2) psychiatric inpatients...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418279/intersectional-stigma-among-midlife-and-older-black-women-living-with-hiv
#13
Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Amelia Jamison, Typhanye Dyer
HIV-related stigma is a barrier to the prevention and treatment of HIV. For midlife and older Black women, the nature and intensity of HIV-related stigma may be compounded by their multiple marginalised social status based on gender, race, and age. We examined the perceptions and experiences of HIV-related stigma among midlife and older Black women living in Prince George's County, Maryland, USA. Between 2014 and 2015, we conducted semi-structured interviews with a sample of 35 midlife and older Black women living with HIV...
April 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416273/attention-allocation-and-social-worries-predict-interpretations-of-peer-related-social-cues-in-adolescents
#14
Simone P W Haller, Brianna R Doherty, Mihaela Duta, Kathrin Cohen Kadosh, Jennifer Y F Lau, Gaia Scerif
Adolescence is a sensitive period for increases in normative but also debilitating social fears and worries. As the interpretation of interpersonal cues is pertinent to social anxiety, investigating mechanisms that may underlie biases in social cue appraisal is important. Fifty-one adolescents from the community aged 14-19 were presented with self- and other-relevant naturalistic social scenes for 5s and then required to rate either a negative or a positive interpretation of the scene. Eye-tracking data were collected during the free viewing period to index attentional deployment...
March 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414755/childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-childhood-maltreatment-distinct-associations-with-brain-structure
#15
Gwendolyn M Lawson, Joshua S Camins, Laura Wisse, Jue Wu, Jeffrey T Duda, Philip A Cook, James C Gee, Martha J Farah
The present study examined the relationship between childhood socioeconomic status (SES), childhood maltreatment, and the volumes of the hippocampus and amygdala between the ages of 25 and 36 years. Previous work has linked both low SES and maltreatment with reduced hippocampal volume in childhood, an effect attributed to childhood stress. In 46 adult subjects, only childhood maltreatment, and not childhood SES, predicted hippocampal volume in regression analyses, with greater maltreatment associated with lower volume...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414479/group-education-sessions-for-women-veterans-who-experienced-sexual-violence-qualitative-findings
#16
Joanna Dognin, Erica Sedlander, Melanie Jay, Veronica Ades
INTRODUCTION: The impact of sexual violence (SV) on mental health, self-care, and interpersonal relationships is profound and poses special challenges to health care delivery. Reproductive health care merits special attention because the care required may be linked to reminders of past abuse. We explored facilitators and barriers affecting the use of reproductive health services among women veterans with a history of SV. METHOD: Between June and September 2015, we conducted 2 focus groups and 3 general education sessions with 27 female veterans with a history of SV at 1 medical center...
April 17, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411505/heterogeneity-of-emotional-and-interpersonal-difficulties-in-alcohol-dependence-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#17
Pierre Maurage, Philippe de Timary, Fabien D'Hondt
BACKGROUND: Emotional and interpersonal impairments have been largely reported in alcohol-dependence, and their role in its development and maintenance is widely established. However, earlier studies have exclusively focused on group comparisons between healthy controls and alcohol-dependent individuals, considering them as a homogeneous population. The variability of socio-emotional profiles in this disorder thus remains totally unexplored. The present study used a cluster analytic approach to explore the heterogeneity of affective and social disorders in alcohol-dependent individuals...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409170/the-effect-of-pender-s-health-promotion-model-in-improving-the-nutritional-behavior-of-overweight-and-obese-women
#18
Masoud Khodaveisi, Afsar Omidi, Shima Farokhi, Ali Reza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Changes in lifestyle and eating habits have put women at risk of obesity and overweight more than ever. This aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Pender's Health Promotion Model (HPM) to improve the nutritional behavior of overweight and obese women admitted to Fatemiyeh Hospital clinics in Hamadan, west Iran in 2015. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 108 eligible women were selected and randomly assigned to two groups: one experimental and one control...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408877/dull-to-social-acceptance-rather-than-sensitivity-to-social-ostracism-in-interpersonal-interaction-for-depression-behavioral-and-electrophysiological-evidence-from-cyberball-tasks
#19
Qing Zhang, Xiaosi Li, Kai Wang, Xiaoqin Zhou, Yi Dong, Lei Zhang, Wen Xie, Jingjing Mu, Hongchen Li, Chunyan Zhu, Fengqiong Yu
Objectives: Impairments in interpersonal relationships in depression present as irritability, pessimism, and withdrawal, and play an important role in the onset and maintenance of the disorder. However, we know little about the neurological causes of this impaired interpersonal function. This study used the event-related brain potential (ERP) version of the Cyberball paradigm to investigate the emotions and neural activities in depressive patients during social inclusion and exclusion simultaneously to explore neuropsychological mechanisms...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406274/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-kingston-jamaica-a-qualitative-study
#20
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Natasha Brien, Nicolette Jones, Nakia Lee-Foon, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Laura Nyblade, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica have the highest HIV prevalence in the Caribbean. There is little information about HIV among transgender women in Jamaica, who are also overrepresented in the Caribbean epidemic. HIV-related stigma is a barrier to HIV testing among Jamaica's general population, yet little is known of MSM and transgender women's HIV testing experiences in Jamaica. We explored perceived barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among young MSM and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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