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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222704/healthcare-system-barriers-to-long-term-follow-up-for-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-british-columbia-canada-a-qualitative-study
#1
A Fuchsia Howard, Arminee Kazanjian, Sheila Pritchard, Rob Olson, Haroon Hasan, Kelly Newton, Karen Goddard
PURPOSE: Risk-stratified life-long follow-up care is recommended for adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to ensure appropriate prevention, screening, and management of late effects. The identification of barriers to long-term follow-up (LTFU), particularly in varying healthcare service contexts, is essential to develop and refine services that are responsive to survivor needs. We aimed to explore CCS and healthcare professionals (HCP) perspectives of healthcare system factors that function as barriers to LTFU in British Columbia, Canada...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220710/life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-among-money-boys-in-china
#2
A Zhang, J Yan, G Yang, X Tan, X Wang, S Tan
OBJECTIVES: Money Boy (MB) is a unique term used in China referring to a specialized population of men who sell sex to other men. Life satisfaction can influence one's health-related behaviors. The aim of our study was to find out the situation of MBs' life satisfaction and its associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among MBs was conducted between July and December 2013 in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling method was used for recruitment, with the initial seven 'seeds' found from a gay dating website, and 234 participants were enrolled into the study...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218005/distributed-neural-activity-patterns-during-human-to-human-competition
#3
Matthew Piva, Xian Zhang, J Adam Noah, Steve W C Chang, Joy Hirsch
Interpersonal interaction is the essence of human social behavior. However, conventional neuroimaging techniques have tended to focus on social cognition in single individuals rather than on dyads or groups. As a result, relatively little is understood about the neural events that underlie face-to-face interaction. We resolved some of the technical obstacles inherent in studying interaction using a novel imaging modality and aimed to identify neural mechanisms engaged both within and across brains in an ecologically valid instance of interpersonal competition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217502/the-impact-of-a-mobile-diabetes-health-intervention-on-diabetes-distress-and-depression-among-adults-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Charlene C Quinn, Krystal K Swasey, J Christopher F Crabbe, Michelle D Shardell, Michael L Terrin, Erik A Barr, Ann L Gruber-Baldini
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a complex, demanding disease that requires the constant attention of patients. The burden of self-management, including different medication regimens, routine self-care activities, and provider visits, has an impact on patients' emotional well-being. Diabetes distress and depression are two important components of emotional well-being that may negatively affect diabetes outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the impact of the 1-year Mobile Diabetes Intervention Study cluster randomized clinical trial on emotional well-being measured by diabetes distress and depression among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
December 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216856/interactional-justice-at-work-is-related-to-sickness-absence-a-study-using-repeated-measures-in-the-swedish-working-population
#5
Constanze Leineweber, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Paraskevi Peristera, Constanze Eib, Anna Nyberg, Hugo Westerlund
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that perceived unfairness contributes to higher rates of sickness absence. While shorter, but more frequent periods of sickness absence might be a possibility for the individual to get relief from high strain, long-term sickness absence might be a sign of more serious health problems. The Uncertainty Management Model suggests that justice is particularly important in times of uncertainty, e.g. perceived job insecurity. The present study investigated the association between interpersonal and informational justice at work with long and frequent sickness absence respectively, under conditions of job insecurity...
December 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215566/multi-family-pediatric-pain-group-therapy-capturing-acceptance-and-cultivating-change
#6
Samantha E Huestis, Grace Kao, Ashley Dunn, Austin T Hilliard, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu, Rashmi P Bhandari
Behavioral health interventions for pediatric chronic pain include cognitive-behavioral (CBT), acceptance and commitment (ACT), and family-based therapies, though literature regarding multi-family therapy (MFT) is sparse. This investigation examined the utility and outcomes of the Courage to Act with Pain: Teens Identifying Values, Acceptance, and Treatment Effects (CAPTIVATE) program, which included all three modalities (CBT, ACT, MFT) for youth with chronic pain and their parents. Program utility, engagement, and satisfaction were evaluated via quantitative and qualitative feedback...
December 7, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#7
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209179/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-on-the-gratitude-of-individuals-with-heterogeneous-ability-in-an-experimental-labor-market
#8
Pengcheng Wang, Guangrong Wang, Xiaofei Niu, Huiliang Shang, Jianbiao Li
Gratitude is an important aspect of human sociality, which benefits mental health and interpersonal relationships. Thus, elucidating the neural mechanism of gratitude, which is only now beginning to be investigated, is important. To this end, this study specifies the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) involved in the gratitude of heterogeneous individuals using the transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technique. Previous neural studies have shown the involvement of mPFC in social cognition and value evaluation, which are closely related to gratitude...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204443/dissatisfaction-in-child-welfare-and-its-role-in-predicting-self-efficacy-and-satisfaction-at-work-a-mixed-method-research
#9
Sabrina Berlanda, Monica Pedrazza, Elena Trifiletti, Marta Fraizzoli
Child welfare organizations are increasingly concerned with challenges emerging from the assessment of social workers' dissatisfaction. This type of service represents the work area where social workers are at greater risk of burnout. Although several studies account for high social workers' burnout scores, they do not systematically dwell upon its sources and roots. In addition, scholars point out that a considerable number of work related issues may be perceived both as a source of dissatisfaction and satisfaction...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204104/assessing-the-consultation-and-relational-empathy-care-measure-in-sexual-health-nurses-consultations
#10
Annemieke P Bikker, Bridie Fitzpatrick, Douglas Murphy, Lorraine Forster, Stewart W Mercer
Background: Increasingly healthcare policies emphasise the importance of person-centred, empathic care. Consequently, healthcare professionals are expected to demonstrate the 'human' aspects of care in training and in practice. The Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) Measure is a patient-rated measure of the interpersonal skills of healthcare practitioners. It has been widely validated for use by healthcare professionals in both primary and secondary care. This paper reports on the validity and reliability of the CARE Measure with sexual health nurses...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203805/a-novel-paradigm-to-study-interpersonal-threat-related-learning-and-extinction-in-children-using-virtual-reality
#11
Hilary A Marusak, Craig A Peters, Aneesh Hehr, Farrah Elrahal, Christine A Rabinak
Disruptions in fear-extinction learning are centrally implicated in a range of stress-related disorders, including anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder. Given that these disorders frequently begin in childhood/adolescence, an understanding of fear-extinction learning in children is essential for (1) detecting the source of developmental susceptibility, (2) identifying mechanisms leading to pathology, and (3) informing the development and/or more judicious application of treatments for youth. Here, we offer and validate a novel virtual reality paradigm to study threat-related learning and extinction in children that models real-world cues, environments, and fear-inducing events that children are likely to experience, and are linked to the development of fear- and stress-related pathologies...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201967/elite-dental-students-a-cross-sectional-study-on-different-aspects-of-their-life-style
#12
Abdolhamid Zafarmand, Maryam Asvar
Statement of the Problem: Lifestyle has a key role in having a life with quality. This is much more critical in academic community. Elite students are the scientific capital of each community; therefore, improvement of their life-style is a very crucial issue and is a way of esteeming them. Purpose: This study was aimed to scrutinize the life-style of elite dental students to provide a guideline for healthy life-style for their own and for other students, as well...
December 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201364/the-association-between-interpersonal-problems-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#13
Elise Meyn Ung, Cecilie Birkmose Erichsen, Stig Poulsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Sebastian Simonsen, Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen
Background: Interpersonal problems are thought to play an essential role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a specific interpersonal profile could be identified in a group of patients diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, or Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, and to explore if specific types of interpersonal problems were systematically related to treatment outcome in this group of patients...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198528/an-integrative-review-of-the-enjoyment-of-sadness-associated-with-music
#14
REVIEW
Tuomas Eerola, Jonna K Vuoskoski, Henna-Riikka Peltola, Vesa Putkinen, Katharina Schäfer
The recent surge of interest towards the paradoxical pleasure produced by sad music has generated a handful of theories and an array of empirical explorations on the topic. However, none of these have attempted to weigh the existing evidence in a systematic fashion. The present work puts forward an integrative framework laid out over three levels of explanation - biological, psycho-social, and cultural - to compare and integrate the existing findings in a meaningful way. First, we review the evidence pertinent to experiences of pleasure associated with sad music from the fields of neuroscience, psychophysiology, and endocrinology...
November 23, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197690/the-first-clinical-practice-experiences-of-psychiatric-nursing-students-a-phenomenological-study
#15
Satı Demir, Feride Ercan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student nurses clinical experiences during their first clinical contacts with psychiatric patients by using a qualitative phenomenological approach. DESIGN: A phenomenological approach was used. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect data focusing on the reality of student nurses' experience. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a university in the capital city of Turkey. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were undergraduate nursing students...
November 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197371/partnering-around-cancer-clinical-trials-pacct-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-a-patient-and-physician-communication-intervention-to-increase-minority-accrual-to-prostate-cancer-clinical-trials
#16
Susan Eggly, Lauren M Hamel, Elisabeth Heath, Mark A Manning, Terrance L Albrecht, Ellen Barton, Mark Wojda, Tanina Foster, Michael Carducci, Dina Lansey, Ting Wang, Rehab Abdallah, Narineh Abrahamian, Seongho Kim, Nicole Senft, Louis A Penner
BACKGROUND: Cancer clinical trials are essential for testing new treatments and represent state-of-the-art cancer treatment, but only a small percentage of patients ever enroll in a trial. Under-enrollment is an even greater problem among minorities, particularly African Americans, representing a racial/ethnic disparity in cancer care. One understudied cause is patient-physician communication, which is often of poor quality during clinical interactions between African-American patients and non-African-American physicians...
December 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196982/a-brief-instrument-to-assess-both-burnout-and-professional-fulfillment-in-physicians-reliability-and-validity-including-correlation-with-self-reported-medical-errors-in-a-sample-of-resident-and-practicing-physicians
#17
Mickey Trockel, Bryan Bohman, Emi Lesure, Maryam S Hamidi, Dana Welle, Laura Roberts, Tait Shanafelt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Professional Fulfillment Index (PFI), a 16-item instrument to assess physicians' professional fulfillment and burnout, designed for sensitivity to change attributable to interventions or other factors affecting physician well-being. METHODS: A sample of 250 physicians completed the PFI, a measure of self-reported medical errors, and previously validated measures including the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a one-item burnout measure, the World Health Organization's abbreviated quality of life assessment (WHOQOL-BREF), and PROMIS short-form depression, anxiety, and sleep-related impairment scales...
December 1, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196486/multiple-and-multidimensional-transitions-from-trainee-to-trained-doctor-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study-in-the-uk
#18
Lisi Gordon, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jill Morrison, Janine Muldoon, Gillian Needham, Sabina Siebert, Charlotte Rees
OBJECTIVES: To explore trainee doctors' experiences of the transition to trained doctor, we answer three questions: (1) What multiple and multidimensional transitions (MMTs) are experienced as participants move from trainee to trained doctor? (2) What facilitates and hinders doctors' successful transition experiences? (3) What is the impact of MMTs on trained doctors? DESIGN: A qualitative longitudinal study underpinned by MMT theory. SETTING: Four training areas (health boards) in the UK...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195595/factors-associated-with-victimization-in-dual-diagnosis-patients
#19
Marleen M de Waal, Carolien Christ, Jack J M Dekker, Martijn J Kikkert, Nick M Lommerse, Wim van den Brink, Anna E Goudriaan
BACKGROUND: Patients with a substance use disorder and co-occurring mental disorder are prone to victimization. There is a lack of research identifying variables related to violent and property victimization in this high risk group. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with violent and property victimization in male and female dual diagnosis patients in order to identify targets for prevention. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, victimization and demographic, clinical and psychological characteristics were assessed in 243 treatment-seeking patients with dual diagnosis...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195305/opinion-evolution-in-different-social-acquaintance-networks
#20
Xi Chen, Xiao Zhang, Zhan Wu, Hongwei Wang, Guohua Wang, Wei Li
Social acquaintance networks influenced by social culture and social policy have a great impact on public opinion evolution in daily life. Based on the differences between socio-culture and social policy, three different social acquaintance networks (kinship-priority acquaintance network, independence-priority acquaintance network, and hybrid acquaintance network) incorporating heredity proportion ph and variation proportion pv are proposed in this paper. Numerical experiments are conducted to investigate network topology and different phenomena during opinion evolution, using the Deffuant model...
November 2017: Chaos
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