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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048319/emotional-content-in-cyberspace-development-and-validation-of-e-motions-questionnaire-in-adolescents-and-young-people
#1
Izabela Zych, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Inmaculada Marín-López
BACKGROUND: Studies on emotional intelligence show that some of its dimensions are related to psychological adjustment and the quality of interpersonal relationships. Besides face-to-face interaction, nowadays, relationships are also initiated and maintained in cyberspace. Some studies suggest that emotional content is present in cyber-behavior. The objective of this study was to reveal whether emotions are expressed, perceived and managed online – a concept called E-motions, and to validate an instrument to measure this concept...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#2
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047300/cancer-survivors-and-partners-key-concerns-and-quality-of-life
#3
Sam M Dorros, Chris Segrin, Terry A Badger
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the concerns of cancer survivors is essential for effective interventions. This study was designed to identify the primary concerns of dyads coping with cancer, how concerns differed by role and sex, and whether concerns expressed during counselling were associated with survivors' psychosocial well-being and adjustment. DESIGN: Forty-three dyads with breast and prostate cancer (N = 86 participants) were enrolled in an interpersonal telephone counselling intervention...
October 19, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044551/disordered-eating-and-obesity-associations-between-binge-eating-disorder-night-eating-syndrome-and-weight-related-comorbidities
#4
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Madelyn Ruggieri, Kelly C Allison
Binge-eating disorder (BED) and night-eating syndrome (NES) are two forms of disordered eating associated with overweight and obesity. While these disorders also occur in nonobese persons, they seem to be associated with weight gain over time and higher risk of diabetes and other metabolic dysfunction. BED and NES are also associated with higher risk of psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and sleep problems, than those of similar weight status without disordered eating. Treatments are available, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, lisdexamfetamine, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for BED; and CBT, SSRIs, progressive muscle relaxation, and bright light therapy for NES...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040766/brain-to-brain-synchronization-across-two-persons-predicts-mutual-prosociality
#5
Yi Hu, Yinying Hu, Li Xianchun, Yafeng Pan, Xiaojun Cheng
People tend to be more prosocial after synchronizing behaviors with others, yet the underlying neural mechanisms are rarely known. In the present study, participant dyads performed either a coordination task or an independence task, with their brain activations recorded via the functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) hyperscanning technique. Participant dyads in the coordination group showed higher synchronized behaviors and greater subsequent inclination to helping each other than those in the independent group, indicating the prosocial effect of interpersonal synchrony...
October 13, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038691/a-network-analysis-of-anger-shame-proposed-icd-11-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-different-types-of-childhood-trauma-in-foster-care-settings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors
#6
Tobias M Glück, Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
Background: Anger and shame are aspects that are specifically associated with psychopathology and maladaptation after childhood abuse and neglect. They are known to influence symptom maintenance and exacerbation; however, their interaction is not fully understood. Objective: To explore with network analysis the association and interaction of prolonged, complex interpersonal childhood abuse and neglect in institutional foster care settings [institutional abuse (IA)] with anger, shame, and the proposed 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in adult survivors...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038682/depression-as-a-moderator-of-stair-narrative-therapy-for-women-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-abuse
#7
Marylene Cloitre, Donn W Garvert, Brandon J Weiss
Background: Depression among those who have experienced childhood abuse is associated with earlier onset, more persistent and severe symptoms, more frequent relapse, and poorer treatment outcomes across a variety of psychiatric disorders. In addition, individuals with a history of childhood abuse are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) co-occurring with depression. Objective: This study evaluated whether severity of depression moderated the outcome in a PTSD treatment for childhood abuse survivors...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038681/treatment-of-dissociative-disorders-and-reported-changes-in-inpatient-and-outpatient-cost-estimates
#8
Amie C Myrick, Aliya R Webermann, Willemien Langeland, Frank W Putnam, Bethany L Brand
Background: Interpersonal trauma and trauma-related disorders cost society billions of dollars each year. Because of chronic and severe trauma histories, dissociative disorder (DD) patients spend many years in the mental health system, yet there is limited knowledge about the economic burden associated with DDs. Objective: The current study sought to determine how receiving specialized treatment would relate to estimated costs of inpatient and outpatient mental health services. Method: Patients' and individual therapists' reports of inpatient hospitalization days and outpatient treatment sessions were converted into US dollars...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036492/partners-overestimation-of-patients-pain-severity-relationships-with-partners-interpersonal-responses
#9
Doerte U Junghaenel, Stefan Schneider, Joan E Broderick
Objectives: The present study examined whether concordance between patients' and their partners' reports of patient pain severity relates to partners' social support and behavioral responses in couples coping with chronic pain. Methods: Fifty-two couples completed questionnaires about the patient's pain severity. Both dyad members also rated the partner's social support and negative, solicitous, and distracting responses toward the patient when in pain. Results: Bivariate correlations showed moderate correspondence between patient and partner ratings of pain severity (r = 0...
September 26, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035665/like-an-extended-family-relationships-that-emerge-when-older-caregivers-use-written-messages-to-communicate-in-an-ict-based-healthcare-service
#10
Hilde Solli, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Sigrun Hvalvik, Ragnhild Hellesø
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships that emerge amongst caregivers of persons with dementia and stroke when caregivers use written messages as their communication tool in a closed information and communication technology (ICT)-based support group. METHODS: An explorative design with a qualitative approach was used that applied systematic text condensation (STC) to analyse 173 written messages extracted from a web forum. RESULTS: Empathetic, empowering and familiar relationships emerged amongst peers of older caregivers when the caregivers used written messages as their communication tool...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034733/mothers-personal-and-interpersonal-function-as-potential-mediators-between-maternal-maltreatment-history-and-child-behavior-problems
#11
Jessica Pereira, Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal depressive symptoms, social support, parenting, and adult attachment as mediators explaining the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment and child behavior in offspring. We assessed a community sample of 96 mother-child dyads. At child age 16 months, mothers self-reported maltreatment history, adult attachment, depressive symptoms, and social support, and maternal sensitivity was assessed via 2 hr of direct behavioral observation. Maternal reports of child behavior were collected at 5 years...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034690/educator-perspectives-on-the-postsecondary-transition-difficulties-of-students-with-autism
#12
Rebecca Elias, Ashley E Muskett, Susan W White
Addressing the challenges of adolescents and emerging adults with autism spectrum disorder is crucial to improving the outcomes of these students in the postsecondary setting. Although secondary and postsecondary educators and staff are critical to helping these students access services, there has been little investigation into the perspectives of this stakeholder group, with respect to the needs of postsecondary students with autism spectrum disorder. A series of focus groups was conducted with secondary and postsecondary educators to understand educator perspectives related to the challenges faced by postsecondary students with autism spectrum disorder...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034534/corrective-emotional-experience-in-an-integrative-affect-focused-therapy-building-a-preliminary-model-using-task-analysis
#13
Kaori Nakamura, Shigeru Iwakabe
OBJECTIVE: The present study constructed a preliminary process model of corrective emotional experience (CEE) in an integrative affect-focused therapy. METHOD: Task analysis was used to analyse 6 in-session events taken from 6 Japanese clients who worked with an integrative affect-focused therapist. The 6 events included 3 successful CEEs and 3 partially successful CEEs for comparison. RESULTS: A rational-empirical model of CEE was generated, which consisted of two parallel client change processes, intrapersonal change and interpersonal change, and the therapist interventions corresponding to each process...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033886/complex-problem-solving-in-teams-the-impact-of-collective-orientation-on-team-process-demands
#14
Vera Hagemann, Annette Kluge
Complex problem solving is challenging and a high-level cognitive process for individuals. When analyzing complex problem solving in teams, an additional, new dimension has to be considered, as teamwork processes increase the requirements already put on individual team members. After introducing an idealized teamwork process model, that complex problem solving teams pass through, and integrating the relevant teamwork skills for interdependently working teams into the model and combining it with the four kinds of team processes (transition, action, interpersonal, and learning processes), the paper demonstrates the importance of fulfilling team process demands for successful complex problem solving within teams...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033570/atypical-depression-current-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Dorota Łojko, Janusz K Rybakowski
The history and present status of the definition, prevalence, neurobiology, and treatment of atypical depression (AD) is presented. The concept of AD has evolved through the years, and currently, in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fifth Edition, the specifier of depressive episode with atypical feature is present for both diagnostic groups, that is, depressive disorders and bipolar and related disorders. This specifier includes mood reactivity, hyperphagia, hypersomnia, leaden paralysis, and interpersonal rejection sensitivity...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033551/healthcare-provider-relational-quality-is-associated-with-better-self-management-and-less-treatment-burden-in-people-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#16
David T Eton, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Mark Linzer, Deborah H Boehm, Elizabeth A Rogers, Kathleen J Yost, Lila J Finney Rutten, Jennifer L Sauver, Sara Poplau, Roger T Anderson
PURPOSE: Having multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) can lead to appreciable treatment and self-management burden. Healthcare provider relational quality (HPRQ) - the communicative and interpersonal skill of the provider - may mitigate treatment burden and promote self-management. The objectives of this study were to 1) identify the associations between HPRQ, treatment burden, and psychosocial outcomes in adults with MCCs, and 2) determine if certain indicators of HPRQ are more strongly associated than others with these outcomes...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033282/character-strengths-of-individuals-with-first-episode-psychosis-in-individual-resiliency-training
#17
Julia Browne, Sue E Estroff, Kelsey Ludwig, Carrington Merritt, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Jennifer D Gottlieb, David L Penn
Positive psychology interventions that integrate a person's strengths into treatment result in improvements in life satisfaction and well-being. Character strengths classified within six core virtues (wisdom/knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence) have been the subject of substantial research. Though a number of studies have been conducted in the general population, little is known about the character strengths of individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP). Moreover, positive psychology principles, in particular a focus on personal strengths, have been increasingly integrated into FEP treatment and was a core component of Individual Resiliency Training (IRT), the individual therapy component of NAVIGATE tested in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032947/temporal-distribution-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#18
Kai H Lee, Michael Qiu, Jiandong Sun
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to address 2 important aspects of temporal pattern in alcohol-related facial fractures: (1) comparison of temporal pattern of alcohol-related facial fracture (alcohol group) presentation with non-alcohol-related fracture (non-alcohol group) presentation; (2) temporal pattern of patient demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, and surgical management in the alcohol group presentation. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively examined the Victorian admitted episodes data set (VAED) for the years 2010 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032292/glimpses-into-the-transition-world-new-graduate-nurses-written-reflections
#19
Jo Ann Walton, Natalie Lindsay, Caz Hales, Helen Rook
BACKGROUND: This study was born out of our reflections as educators responsible for helping new graduate nurses transition into their first year of professional practice through a formal education programme. Finding ourselves wondering about many of the questions the students raised with us, we set about looking more closely at what could be gleaned from the students' experience, captured in their written work over the course of a year. OBJECTIVES: To identify the challenges and learning experiences revealed in reflective assignments written by new graduate nurses undertaking a postgraduate course as part of their transition to registered nurse practice...
October 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029680/long-term-effectiveness-of-treatment-as-usual-couple-therapy-for-military-veterans
#20
Kathryn M Nowlan, Emily J Georgia, Brian D Doss
Despite the fact that veterans face increased psychological and relationship distress as a result of their service-related experiences, no study to date has explored the long-term effectiveness of couple therapy for veterans. In the present investigation, 238 individuals (113 couples and 12 additional individuals) completed assessments 18 months after termination of treatment-as-usual couple therapy at two Veteran Administration Medical Centers. From pretreatment to 18-month follow-up, couples experienced significant increases in relationship satisfaction (d = 0...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
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