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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910865/auditory-evoked-potential-could-reflect-emotional-sensitivity-and-impulsivity
#1
Ji Sun Kim, Sungkean Kim, Wookyoung Jung, Chang-Hwan Im, Seung-Hwan Lee
Emotional sensitivity and impulsivity could cause interpersonal conflicts and neuropsychiatric problems. Serotonin is correlated with behavioral inhibition and impulsivity. This study evaluated whether the loudness dependence of auditory evoked potential (LDAEP), a potential biological marker of central serotonergic activity, could reflect emotional sensitivity and impulsivity. A total of 157 healthy individuals were recruited, who performed LDAEP and Go/Nogo paradigms during electroencephalogram measurement...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909988/predicting-the-abuse-liability-of-entactogen-class-new-and-emerging-psychoactive-substances-via-preclinical-models-of-drug-self-administration
#2
Shawn M Aarde, Michael A Taffe
Animal models of drug self-administration are currently the gold standard for making predictions regarding the relative likelihood that a recreational drug substance will lead to continued use and addiction. Such models have been found to have high predictive accuracy and discriminative validity for a number of drug classes including ethanol, nicotine, opioids, and psychostimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamine. Members of the entactogen class of psychostimulants (drugs that produce an "open mind state" including feelings of interpersonal closeness, intimacy and empathy) have been less frequently studied in self-administration models...
December 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900752/-parenting-and-nursing-issues-faced-by-parents-during-the-hospitalization-of-their-preterm-infants
#3
Min-Hsueh Weng, Hung-Chieh Chou
Preterm labor is often a sudden event that impacts significantly on the health of the premature infant and on parenting behaviors. The prognosis for premature infants correlates positively with the effectiveness of parenting. Therefore, encouraging parental functions is important. The present paper reviews the literature on the concept of family-centered care in the contexts of premature-infant health problems, assesses the impacts of preterm birth on the parental role, and assesses the influences of parental dysfunction...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900748/-effects-of-different-genres-of-music-on-the-psycho-physiological-responses-of-undergraduates
#4
Hsin-Ping Lee, Yu-Chen Liu, Mei-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate students face tremendous stressors from learning, interpersonal relationships, and life. Stress may cause adaptation exhaustion and stress-related disorders. While the results of recent clinical studies indicate that music interventions may alleviate stress, there is a dearth of research exploring the discrete effects of various genres of music on psycho-physiological status. PURPOSE: To explore the effects of listening to different genres of music on the psycho-physiological responses of undergraduates...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900747/-the-positionality-of-caring-action-small-group-dialogue-in-a-course-on-nursing-ethics
#5
Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: The content of nursing-ethics education has typically focused on the external standards of caring behavior and neglected the relationship between the ethical attitudes and internal experiences of caregivers. PURPOSE: To explore the embodied experience in order to define the positionality of caring action, which is necessary to enrich the content of nursing ethics through small-group-learning-based dialogue. METHODS: The researcher, as a participant observer, teaches a course on nursing ethics...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895101/interaction-and-common-ground-in-dementia-communication-across-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-a-residential-dementia-care-setting
#6
Lisa Strandroos, Eleonor Antelius
Previous research concerning bilingual people with a dementia disease has mainly focused on the importance of sharing a spoken language with caregivers. While acknowledging this, this article addresses the multidimensional character of communication and interaction. As using spoken language is made difficult as a consequence of the dementia disease, this multidimensionality becomes particularly important. The article is based on a qualitative analysis of ethnographic fieldwork at a dementia care facility. It presents ethnographic examples of different communicative forms, with particular focus on bilingual interactions...
November 28, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893263/-incidental-fear-cues-increase-monetary-loss-aversion-correction-to-schulreich-gerhardt-and-heekeren-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Incidental fear cues increase monetary loss aversion" by Stefan Schulreich, Holger Gerhardt and Hauke R. Heekeren (Emotion, 2016[Apr], Vol 16[3], 402-412). In the current article, there was an error in the Study 2 portion of the article. The fourth paragraph of the Results section should read as follows: Performing the same analyses as in Study 1, we found an effect of incidental fear cues on decision behavior. Participants accepted fewer gambles in the fearful-face condition (32.77%) than in the neutral-face condition (33...
December 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893226/the-relation-between-the-bifactor-model-of-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory-and-conduct-problems-in-adolescence-variations-across-gender-ethnic-background-and-age
#8
Wendy Zwaanswijk, Violaine C Veen, Mitch van Geel, Henrik Andershed, Paul Vedder
The current study examines how the bifactor model of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is related to conduct problems in a sample of Dutch adolescents (N = 2,874; 43% female). It addresses to what extent the YPI dimensions explain variance over and above a General Psychopathy factor (i.e., one factor related to all items) and how the general factor and dimensional factors are related to conduct problems. Group differences in these relations for gender, ethnic background, and age were examined. Results showed that the general factor is most important, but dimensions explain variance over and above the general factor...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893225/correction-to-fossati-et-al-2016
#9
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Profiling Pathological Narcissism According to DSM-5 Domains and Traits: A Study on Consecutively Admitted Italian Psychotherapy Patients" by Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Aaron L. Pincus, Kristian E. Markon and Robert F. Krueger (Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Jun 23, 2016, np). In the original article, several values were reversed and the mean was misreported in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-31181-001...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893212/effects-of-energy-conservation-strategies-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-health-promotion-lifestyle-in-breast-cancersurvivors-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Elham Sadeghi, Nahid Gozali, Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi
Purpose: Cancer-related fatigue is frequently experienced by patients during and after therapy. The present study was conducted to assess the impact of energy conservation strategies and health promotion in breast cancer survivors. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was carried out to compare the intervention effect (n=69.0) with controls (n=66.0) based on routine oncology ward care. The intervention was five weekly sessions for groups of 6-8 breast cancer survivors. Data on fatigue and health promotion lifestyle were obtained before and after completion the intervention and then 8 weeks later for analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892829/understanding-the-sexual-satisfaction-of-women-with-provoked-vestibulodynia-and-their-partners-comparison-with-matched-controls
#11
Natalie Rosen, Pablo Santos-Iglesias, E Sandra Byers
Provoked vestibulodynia (PVD) - a recurrent, localized vulvar pain - interferes with couples' sexual relationships as evidenced by lower sexual satisfaction compared to controls. Little is known about what components of sexual satisfaction contribute to this lower satisfaction. Using the Interpersonal Exchange Model of Sexual Satisfaction (IEMSS), we compared the sexual exchanges (sexual rewards and costs, relative sexual rewards and costs, balance of sexual rewards and costs, balance of relative sexual rewards and costs, equality of sexual rewards and costs) and sexual satisfaction of 50 women with PVD and their male partners to 50 matched-control couples...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891627/narrative-collisions-sociocultural-pressures-and-dementia-the-relational-basis-of-personhood-reconsidered
#12
Edward Tolhurst, Bernhard Weicht, Paul Kingston
The concept of personhood developed by Tom Kitwood highlights that the experience of dementia has relational dimensions that transcend the neurodegenerative impacts of the condition. This relational focus, however, has been narrowly conceptualised, with the impact of broader sociocultural factors on experience underplayed. The empirical exploration of interaction also requires reinforcement: a tendency for dyadic studies to portray findings in an individualised format hinders the interrogation of interpersonal negotiations...
November 27, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885651/barossa-night-cohesion-in-the-british-army-officer-corps
#13
Patrick Bury
Contrasting the classical explanation of military group cohesion as sustained by interpersonal bonds, recent scholars have highlighted the importance of ritualized communication, training and drills in explaining effective military performance in professional armies. While this has offered a welcome addition to the cohesion literature and a novel micro-sociological method of examining cohesion, its primary evidential base has been combat groups. Indeed, despite their prominent role in directing operations over the past decade, the British Army's officer corps has received relatively little attention from sociologists during this period...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883355/-patient-doctor-relationship-from-perspective-of-the-karpman-drama-triangle
#14
REVIEW
Anna Samborska-Sablik, Zbigniew Sablik
Patients' confidence in doctors has been decreased for last years despite successes of Polish medicine. It seems to be related to particular conditions of patient - doctor relationship and patient's negative emotions may frequently burden it from the beginning. They may allow an interpersonal game, the Drama Triangle, to appear in the relationship. 3 persons are typically involved in the game: a victim, a persecutor and a rescuer. All of them neither feel guilty about the situation nor their activities are aimed at solving the crucial problem...
November 25, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880629/suicidal-ideation-and-interpersonal-needs-factor-structure-of-a-short-version-of-the-interpersonal-needs-questionnaire-in-an-at-risk-military-sample
#15
Nicholas P Allan, Daniel F Gros, Melanie A Hom, Thomas E Joiner, Tracy Stecker
OBJECTIVE: The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide posits that perceived burdensomeness (PB; i.e., the belief that others would be better off if one were dead) and thwarted belongingness (TB; i.e., the belief that one lacks meaningful social connections) are both necessary risk factors for the development of suicidal ideation. To test these relations, measures are needed that are well validated, especially in samples of at-risk adults. METHOD: The current study was designed to examine the factor structure of an eight-item version of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) in a sample of 405 U...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872021/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-review-of-epidemiology-biopsychology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Sharon J Parish, Steven R Hahn
INTRODUCTION: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DSM-IV-TR) as persistent deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), HSDD has been subsumed by Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder. However, decades of research based on DSM-IV-TR HSDD criteria form the foundation of our understanding of the essential symptom of distressing low sexual desire, its epidemiology, clinical management, and treatment...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871133/civilian-cerebral-gunshot-wounds-a-south-african-experience
#17
Victor Kong, Jocinta Odendaal, Benn Sartorius, Damian Clarke, Petra Brysiewicz, Ellen Jerome, John Bruce, Grant Laing
BACKGROUND: Cerebral gunshot wounds represent one of the most lethal forms of traumatic brain injury, but there is a paucity of literature on the topic, especially from the developing world. We reviewed our experience and describe the spectrum and outcome of civilian cerebral gunshot wounds in a major metropolitan trauma centre in South Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients with isolated cerebral gunshot wounds managed by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service over a 5-year period from 2010 to 2014...
November 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869906/-emotional-intelligence-index-a-tool-for-the-routine-assessment-of-mental-health-promotion-programs-in-schools
#18
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: After critical examination of several aspects relating to the evaluation of some dimensions of emotional intelligence through self-assessment tools, is described the procedure of construction and validation of an Index for its measurement, conceived only for the routine assessment of health promotion programs mental in schools that include among their objectives the improvement of emotional intelligence specifically "outcome-oriented". METHODS: On the basis of the two most common international tools, are listed 27 items plus 6 of control, illustrated two Focus Group (FG) of students (face validity)...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869508/risk-factors-and-mediators-of-suicidal-ideation-among-korean-adolescents
#19
Yi Jin Kim, Sung Seek Moon, Jang Hyun Lee, Joon Kyung Kim
BACKGROUND: A significant number of Korean adolescents have suicidal ideations and it is more prevalent among adolescents than any other age group in Korea. AIMS: This study was conducted to attain a better understanding of the contributing factors to suicidal ideation among Korean adolescents. METHOD: We recruited 569 high school students in Grades 10 and 11 in Pyeongtaek, Korea. The Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation was used to measure suicidal ideation as the outcome variable...
November 21, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869469/saying-good-goodbyes-to-your-clients-a-functional-analytic-psychotherapy-fap-perspective
#20
Mavis Tsai, Tore Gustafsson, Jonathan Kanter, Mary Plummer Loudon, Robert J Kohlenberg
Functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP) promotes client growth by shaping clients' daily life problems that also show up in session with their therapists. FAP therapists create evocative contexts within therapy that afford clients the opportunity to practice, refine, and be reinforced for new, more adaptive behaviors which then can be generalized into their outside lives. In FAP, the termination process will vary from client to client depending on the nature of the client's problems and targets. For many clients, the process can be a rich, multifaceted, final opportunity to evoke, reinforce, and promote generalization of clients' in-session improvements, particularly improvements related to vulnerable self-expression in the service of intimate and close relationships...
November 21, 2016: Psychotherapy
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