keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cross-sectional studies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215055/occupational-hazards-for-home-care-nurses-across-the-rural-to-urban-gradient-in-ontario-canada
#1
Matthew Wong, Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Martine Puts, Ann E Tourangeau
The purpose of this paper was to describe occupational hazards for nurses working in home care (HC) and explore how they differ across the rural-to-urban gradient. Responses (n = 823) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012 of HC nurses registered to practise nursing in the Province of Ontario, Canada were used. Using chi-square analysis and posthoc pairwise tests with a Bonferroni correction, 14 occupational hazards were individually tested for differences between four geographical settings (rural, town, suburban or urban areas)...
February 19, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214925/missed-opportunities-in-neonatal-deaths-in-rwanda-applying-the-three-delays-model-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-neonatal-death
#2
Efua Wilmot, Marcel Yotebieng, Alison Norris, Fidele Ngabo
Objective Administered in a timely manner, current evidence-based interventions could reduce neonatal deaths from infections, intrapartum injuries and complications due to prematurity. The three delays model (delay in seeking care, in arriving at a health facility, and in receiving adequate care), which has been applied to understanding maternal deaths, may be useful for understanding neonatal deaths. We assess the main causes of neonatal deaths in Rwanda and their associated delays. Methods Using a cross-sectional study design, we evaluated data from 2012 from 40 facilities in which babies were delivered...
February 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214881/attenuation-of-low-ambient-temperature-induced-myocardial-hypertrophy-by-atorvastatin-via-promoting-bcl-2-expression
#3
Jing Liang, Kun Yin, Xuefeng Cao, Zhenbo Han, Qi Huang, Lai Zhang, Wenya Ma, Fengzhi Ding, Chongwei Bi, Dan Feng, Zhenwei Pan, Yu Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is well documented that myocardial hypertrophy is associated with low ambient temperature. Atorvastatin (Atv) has been shown to protect against atherosclerosis, cardiac fibrosis, ischemia/reperfusion injury, etc. In this study, we aim to determine whether atorvastatin is effective in the treatment of myocardial hypertrophy induced by cold exposure and to shed light on underlying mechanism. METHODS: The mice aged 4-week were randomized to Control (Ctl) group (raised at room temperature), Cold group (raised at 3-5ºC) and Atv treatment group (raised at 3-5ºC followed by 10mg/kg/day Atv infusion)...
January 24, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214760/genotyping-analysis-of-protein-s-tokushima-k196e-and-the-involvement-of-protein-s-antigen-and-activity-in-patients-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#5
Yasushi Matsukawa, Eriko Asano, Tomohide Tsuda, Hiroyuki Kuma, Tamao Kitaori, Kinue Katano, Yasuhiko Ozaki, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara
OBJECTIVE: Preston et al. indicated that Protein S (PS) deficiency was associated with stillbirths but not miscarriages. The PS-Tokushima missense variant was reported to serve as a genetic risk factor for deep vein thrombosis in the Japanese population. A previous cross-sectional study showed no increase in the prevalence of PS-Tokushima in patients with recurrent early pregnancy loss or in patients with intra uterine fetal death and/or fetal growth restriction. There has been limited number of prospective studies examining the pregnancy outcome in patients with both a PS deficiency and recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214739/characterizing-users-of-new-psychoactive-substances-using-psychometric-scales-for-risk-related-behavior
#6
Annabel Vreeker, Babette G van der Burg, Margriet van Laar, Tibor M Brunt
INTRODUCTION: Studies investigating risk-related behavior in relation to new psychoactive substance (NPS) use are sparse. The current study investigated characteristics of NPS users by comparing risk-related behavior of NPS users to that of illicit drugs (ID) users and licit substances users and non-users (NLC) users. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we included 528 individuals across an age range of 18-72years. Using a web-based questionnaire we collected self-report data on substance use, sensation seeking, impulsivity, peer substance use and risk perception of substance use...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214726/job-satisfaction-developmental-trajectories-and-health-a-life-course-perspective
#7
Jonathan Dirlam, Hui Zheng
Understanding the health consequence of job dissatisfaction becomes increasingly important because job insecurity, stress and dissatisfaction have significantly increased in the United States in the last decade. Despite the extensive work in this area, prior studies nonetheless may underestimate the harmful effect of job dissatisfaction due to the cross-sectional nature of their data and sample selection bias. This study applies a life-course approach to more comprehensively examine the relationship between job satisfaction and health...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214682/fractal-theory-modeling-for-interpreting-nuclear-and-electrical-well-logging-data-and-establishing-lithological-cross-section-in-basaltic-environment-case-study-from-southern-syria
#8
Jamal Asfahani
Fractal theory modeling technique is newly proposed in this research for interpreting the combination of nuclear well logging, including natural gamma ray, density and neutron-porosity, and the electrical well logging of long and short normal, for establishing the lithological cross section in basaltic environments. The logging data of Kodana well, localized in Southern Syria are used for testing and applying the proposed technique. The established cross section clearly shows the distribution and the identification of four kinds of basalt which are hard massive basalt, hard basalt, pyroclastic basalt and the alteration basalt products, clay...
February 14, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214665/when-are-night-shifts-effective-for-nursing-student-clinical-learning-findings-from-a-mixed-method-study-design
#9
Alvisa Palese, Felix Basso, Elena Del Negro, Illarj Achil, Annamaria Ferraresi, Marzia Morandini, Renzo Moreale, Irene Mansutti
BACKGROUND: Some nursing programmes offer night shifts for students while others do not, mainly due to the lack of evidence regarding their effectiveness on clinical learning. OBJECTIVES: The principal aims of the study were to describe nursing students' perceptions and to explore conditions influencing effectiveness on learning processes during night shifts. DESIGN: An explanatory mixed-method study design composed of a cross-sectional study (primary method, first phase) followed by a descriptive phenomenological study design (secondary method, second phase) in 2015...
February 11, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214643/family-history-of-suicide-and-high-motor-impulsivity-distinguish-suicide-attempters-from-suicide-ideators-among-college-students
#10
Yong-Guang Wang, Shen Chen, Zhi-Ming Xu, Zhi-Hua Shen, Yi-Quan Wang, Xiao-Yan He, Ri-Fang Cao, David L Roberts, Jian-Fei Shi, Yi-Qiang Wang
Suicide in college students has become an important public health issue in China. The aim of this study was to identify the differences between suicide attempters and suicide ideators based on a cross-sectional survey. Our results indicate that although female gender, positive screening for psychiatric illness, positive family history of suicide, elevated overall impulsivity, and elevated motor impulsivity were correlated with suicidal ideation, only positive family history of suicide and high motor impulsivity could differentiate suicide attempters from suicidal ideators...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214618/deep-neck-flexor-endurance-in-the-adolescent-and-young-adult-normative-data-and-associated-attributes
#11
Nathan F Jarman, Toby Brooks, C Roger James, Troy Hooper, Mark Wilhelm, Jean-Michel Brismée, Manuel A Domenech, Stanley J Kotara, Phillip S Sizer
BACKGROUND: Deep neck flexor (DNF) muscles stabilize the neck and contribute to head acceleration control. The function of DNF in cervical spine dynamic stabilization has not been examined in athletes of any age group, including adolescents. This investigation was necessary prior to studying the DNF muscles' role in cervical spine injury patterns. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine average Deep Neck Flexor Endurance Test (DNFET) time scores in high school and university-aged subjects (ages 14-22); and (2) To establish the relationship between gender and age for adolescent DNFET time scores...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214616/exploring-factors-influencing-low-back-pain-in-people-with-non-dysvascular-lower-limb-amputation-a-national-survey
#12
Hemakumar Devan, Paul Hendrick, Leigh Hale, Allan Carman, Michael P Dillon, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal impairment in people with lower limb amputation. Given the multifactorial nature of LBP, exploring the factors influencing the presence and intensity of LBP is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which physical, personal, and amputee-specific factors predicted presence and intensity of low back pain (LBP) in persons with non-dysvascular transfemoral (TFA) and transtibial amputation (TTA). DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional survey SETTING: A national random sample of people with non-dysvascular TFA and TTA...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214614/predicting-medical-professionals-intention-to-allow-family-presence-during-resuscitation-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Meng-Kuan Lai, Bayu Aji Aritejo, Jing-Shia Tang, Chien-Liang Chen, Chia-Chang Chuang
BACKGROUND: Family presence during resuscitation is an emerging trend, yet it remains controversial, even in countries with relatively high acceptance of family presence during resuscitation among medical professionals. Family presence during resuscitation is not common in many countries, and medical professionals in these regions are unfamiliar with family presence during resuscitation. Therefore, this study predicted the medical professionals' intention to allow family presence during resuscitation by applying the theory of planned behaviour...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#14
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214394/electrokinetic-enhanced-permanganate-delivery-and-remediation-of-contaminated-low-permeability-porous-media
#15
Ahmed I A Chowdhury, Jason I Gerhard, David Reynolds, Brent E Sleep, Denis M O'Carroll
Back diffusion of contaminants from low permeability strata has inhibited site remediation and closure due to an inability to deliver remediants into these strata. This study demonstrates the potential of electrokinetics (EK) to significantly reduce back diffusion of chlorinated compounds from low permeability porous media. Experiments were conducted in a two-dimensional sandbox packed with vertical layers of coarse sand and silt contaminated with aqueous trichloroethene (TCE). Three experiments, each approximately 41 days in duration, compared EK-enhanced in situ chemical oxidation (EK-ISCO) to EK or ISCO alone...
February 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214391/correlates-of-willingness-to-initiate-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-anticipation-of-practicing-safer-drug-and-sex-related-behaviors-among-high-risk-drug-users-on-methadone-treatment
#16
Roman Shrestha, Pramila Karki, Frederick L Altice, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Jaimie P Meyer, Lynn Madden, Michael Copenhaver
BACKGROUND: Although people who use drugs (PWUD) are key populations recommended to receive pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV, few data are available to guide PrEP delivery in this underserved group. We therefore examined the willingness to initiate PrEP and the anticipation of HIV risk reduction while on PrEP among high-risk PWUD. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 400 HIV-negative, opioid dependent persons enrolled in a methadone program and reporting recent risk behaviors, we examined independent correlates of being willing to initiate PrEP...
February 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214343/high-resolution-ultrasound-visualization-of-the-deep-branch-of-the-ulnar-nerve
#17
Georg Riegler, Doris Lieba-Samal, Peter C Brugger, Christopher Pivec, Hannes Platzgummer, Martin Vierhapper, Gabriela Muschitz, Suren Jengojan, Gerd Bodner
INTRODUCTION: The value of imaging the deep branch of the ulnar nerve (DBUN) over its entire course has not been clarified. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of visualizing the DBUN from its origin to the most distal point. METHODS: We performed high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) with high-frequency probes (18-22MhZ), HRUS-guided ink-marking, and consecutive dissection in 8 fresh cadaver hands. In both hands of 10 healthy volunteers (n=20), the cross-sectional area (CSA) was measured at 2 different locations (R1+R2)...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214296/abnormally-high-and-heterogeneous-bone-matrix-mineralization-after-childhood-solid-organ-transplantation-a-complex-pathology-of-low-bone-turnover-and-local-defects-in-mineralization
#18
Nadja Fratzl-Zelman, Helena Valta, Renata C Pereira, Barbara M Misof, Paul Roschger, Hannu Jalanko, Kathrine Wesseling-Perry, Klaus Klaushofer, Outi Mäkitie
Chronic renal, liver and heart failure in children associates with multiple skeletal complications. Increased fracture incidence often persists after transplantation and could be related to alterations in bone material properties. In the present cohort study we evaluated bone mineralization density distribution (BMDD) by quantitative backscattered electron imaging (qBEI) in 23 pediatric solid organ allograft recipients with suspected osteoporosis. We measured BMDD in the entire cross-sectional area of transiliac bone biopsies obtained from kidney (n = 9), liver (n = 9) and heart (n = 5) transplant recipients (aged 7...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214292/prescription-profile-of-pyridostigmine-use-in-a-population-of-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#19
Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba, Luis Felipe Calvo-Torres, Andrés Gaviria-Mendoza, César Augusto Mejía-Vélez
INTRODUCTION: We determined the pyridostigmine prescription pattern in a population of patients with myasthenia gravis. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done using a prescription database of 3.5 million individuals from which patients diagnosed with myasthenia gravis (MG) and for whom pyridostigmine was prescribed. RESULTS: A total of 306 outpatients with MG were found, and 258 were receiving pyridostigmine, mean age, 53.0±18...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214289/bone-health-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Hema Chagarlamudi, Alastair Corbett, Marion Stoll, Genila Bibat, Carla Grosmann, Carly Matichak Stock, Nikia Stinson, Jay Shapiro, Kathryn Wagner
INTRODUCTION: We provide a comprehensive overview of bone health in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS: Ninety-four adult individuals with FSHD1 from two sites were included in this cross-sectional study. Clinical characteristics and determinants of bone health were examined. Relationships between bone mineral density (BMD), strength and function were explored. RESULTS: Nearly a third of subjects were deficient in vitamin D3...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
keyword
keyword
81448
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"