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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#1
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#2
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528339/molecular-diagnosis-of-tubercular-lymphadenopathy-from-fine-needle-aspirates-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Vivek Gupta, Arvind Bhake
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of peripheral tubercular lymphadenopathy (TBLN) in pediatric patients is often a challenge because features evident on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or tissue biopsy can be deceptive for the reason that they result from an immunological response. This study aimed to evaluate polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in pediatric patients under clinical suspicion for TBLN and to assess its role in the evaluation of cases cytodiagnosed as reactive lymphoid hyperplasia...
May 20, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528279/first-validation-of-the-gout-activity-score-against-gout-impact-scale-in-a-primary-care-based-gout-cohort
#4
Jonathan La-Crette, Wendy Jenkins, Gwen Fernandes, Ana M Valdes, Michael Doherty, Abhishek Abhishek
OBJECTIVES: To validate the gout activity score (GAS) against the gout impact scale in a primary care based gout cohort. METHODS: This was a single-centre cross-sectional study. People with gout who participated in previous research at Academic Rheumatology, University of Nottingham, UK, and consented for participation in future studies were mailed a questionnaire in September 2015. Those returning completed questionnaires were invited to attend for a study visit at which blood was collected and musculoskeletal examination was performed...
May 17, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528237/skin-deformation-during-shoulder-movements-and-upper-extremity-activities
#5
Weiqing Ge, Alison Sfara, Brittany Hians
BACKGROUND: The necessity of sternal precautions for patients following cardiac surgery with median sternotomy has been questioned by clinicians, researchers, and even patients. The primary purpose was to determine if sternal skin deformation during shoulder movements and upper extremity activities is compressive or distractive and if there are any significant differences between the skin deformation at different positions during shoulder movements and upper extremity activities. The secondary purpose was to determine if sternal skin deformation is correlated with scapular stabilizer muscle strength...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528223/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depression-among-the-elderly-in-urban-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Y Liu, T Li, L Guo, R Zhang, X Feng, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, sleep quality, and depression among the elderly in urban communities, and further to determine whether sleep quality can serve as a mediator among the elderly in urban communities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Between May and July in 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years from Liaoning province, China...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528209/parental-monitoring-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-associations-with-sexual-activity-and-hiv-related-sexual-risk-behaviors
#7
Brian C Thoma
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection. Parental monitoring is protective against adolescent sexual risk behavior among heterosexual adolescents, yet it is unclear whether these findings generalize to YMSM. YMSM experience unique family dynamics during adolescence, including coming out to parents and parental rejection of sexual orientation. The present study examined how theoretically derived parental monitoring constructs were associated with sexual activity and sexual risk behaviors among YMSM...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528132/the-perceived-medical-condition-self-management-scale-can-be-applied-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Marcus G Wild, Kenneth A Wallston, Jamie A Green, Lauren B Beach, Ebele Umeukeje, Julie A Wright Nunes, T Alp Ikizler, Julia Steed, Kerri L Cavanaugh
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a major burden on patients and the health care system. Treatment of CKD requires dedicated involvement from both caretakers and patients. Self-efficacy, also known as perceived competence, contributes to successful maintenance of patient's CKD self-management behaviors such as medication adherence and dietary regulations. Despite a clear association between self-efficacy and improved CKD outcomes, there remains a lack of validated self-report measures of CKD self-efficacy. To address this gap, the Perceived Kidney/Dialysis Self-Management Scale (PKDSMS) was adapted from the previously validated Perceived Medical Condition Self-Management Scale...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528121/determinants-of-ocular-pain-severity-in-patients-with-dry-eye-disease
#9
Vannarut Satitpitakul, Ahmad Kheirkhah, Alja Crnej, Pedram Hamrah, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To quantify the severity of ocular pain in patients with dry eye disease (DED) and evaluate factors associated with pain severity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eighty-four patients with DED were asked to score their severity level of ocular pain using a 10-point scale, with 10 indicating the most severe pain. All patients also had a comprehensive ophthalmic assessment including a detailed history, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire, and ocular surface examination...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528120/objective-evaluation-of-corneal-and-lens-clarity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Kemal Tekin, Merve Inanc, Erdal Kurnaz, Elvan Bayramoglu, Emre Aydemir, Mustafa Koc, Zehra Aycan
PURPOSE: To investigate whether abnormal glucose metabolism and duration of diabetes mellitus (DM) affected the corneal and lens clarity in children with well-controlled Type 1 DM and to compare the results obtained with those in healthy children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. METHODS: This multicenter study enrolled 56 patients with DM and 51 control subjects. The duration of DM and the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of the patients in the DM group were recorded...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527952/community-gardening-in-poor-neighborhoods-in-france-a-way-to-re-think-food-practices
#11
Pauline Martin, Jean-Noël Consalès, Pascale Scheromm, Paul Marchand, Florence Ghestem, Nicole Darmon
Social inequalities in diet are attributed to sociocultural determinants, economic constraints, and unequal access to healthy food. Fruits and vegetables are lacking in the diets of disadvantaged populations. The objective was to test the hypothesis that, in poor neighborhoods, community gardeners will have larger supply of healthy food, especially fruit and vegetables, than non-gardeners. We examined community gardens from the perspective of production, economics and nutrition, and social and symbolic dimensions, through multidisciplinary investigations involving women with access to a community garden plot in a poor neighborhood of Marseille, France...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527817/lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-efforts-in-rufiji-south-eastern-tanzania-decline-in-circulating-filarial-antigen-prevalence-in-young-school-children-after-twelve-rounds-of-mass-drug-administration-and-utilization-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-nets
#12
Clarer Jones, Billy Ngasalla, Yahya A Derua, Donath Tarimo, Mwelecele N Malecela
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic infection transmitted by mosquito vectors and in sub Saharan Africa it is caused by nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. The disease has been targeted for global elimination by using annual mass drug administration (MDA) strategy. On the other hand, vector control is known to play important complementary role to the MDAs in reducing LF transmission. We report the findings of the effect of MDA and ITNs intervention implemented in endemic area of south-eastern Tanzania METHODS: A cross-sectional study for W...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527756/radiological-lumbar-stenosis-severity-predicts-worsening-sagittal-malalignment-on-full-body-standing-stereoradiographs
#13
Aaron J Buckland, Subaraman Ramchandran, Louis Day, Shay Bess, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Peter G Passias, Bassel G Diebo, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Akhila Sure, Thomas J Errico
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patients with degenerative lumbar stenosis (DLS) adopt a forward flexed posture in an attempt to decompress neural elements. The relationship between sagittal alignment and severity of lumbar stenosis has not previously been studied. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that patients with increasing radiological severity of lumbar stenosis will exhibit worsening sagittal alignment. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Our sample consists of patients who have DLS...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527755/perioperative-neurologic-complications-during-spinal-fusion-surgery-incidence-and-trends
#14
Parthasarathy Thirumala, James Zhou, Piruthiviraj Natarajan, Jeffrey Balzer, Edward Dixon, David Okonkwo, D K Hamilton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Perioperative neurologic complications after spine surgery may increase morbidity and healthcare costs related to the procedure. PURPOSE: We estimate the national incidence of perioperative neurologic complications following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), posterior cervical fusion, and thoracolumbar fusion procedures using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from 1999 to 2011. Additionally, we identify risk factors for developing perioperative neurologic complications and the effects of these injuries on quantifiable patient outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527751/hand-strengthening-exercises-in-chronic-stroke-patients-dose-response-evaluation-using-electromyography
#15
Jonas Vinstrup, Joaquin Calatayud, Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Jørgen R Jørgensen, Jose Casaña, Lars L Andersen
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study evaluates finger flexion and extension strengthening exercises using elastic resistance in chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Eighteen stroke patients (mean age: 56.8 ± 7.6 years) with hemiparesis performed 3 consecutive repetitions of finger flexion and extension, using 3 different elastic resistance levels (easy, moderate, and hard). Surface electromyography was recorded from the flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) and extensor digitorum (ED) muscles and normalized to the maximal electromyography of the non-paretic arm...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527630/diagnostic-accuracy-of-csf-neurofilament-light-chain-protein-in-the-biomarker-guided-classification-system-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Simone Lista, Nicola Toschi, Filippo Baldacci, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Ingo Kilimann, Stefan J Teipel, Enrica Cavedo, Antonio Melo Dos Santos, Stéphane Epelbaum, Foudil Lamari, Bruno Dubois, Roberto Floris, Francesco Garaci, Harald Hampel
We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurofilament light chain (NFL) protein in the classification of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cognitively healthy control individuals (HCs) and patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) as comparisons. Particularly, we tested the performance of CSF NFL concentration in differentiating patient groups stratified by fluid biomarker profiles, independently of the severity of cognitive impairment (mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD dementia individuals), using a biomarker-guided descriptive classification system for AD...
May 17, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527621/physical-activity-patterns-and-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-bladder-cancer-survivors
#17
Ajay Gopalakrishna, Thomas A Longo, Joseph J Fantony, Michael R Harrison, Brant A Inman
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity has been shown to significantly improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and survivorship in a variety of patients with cancer . However, little is known about the physical activity patterns of bladder cancer survivors and how these are related to HRQOL in the United States. Our objective was to describe self-reported physical activity patterns and HRQOL and examine the association between these measures in a large cohort of bladder cancer survivors...
May 17, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527613/no-344-opportunistic-salpingectomy-and-other-methods-of-risk-reduction-for-ovarian-fallopian-tube-peritoneal-cancer-in-the-general-population
#18
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIVE: This guideline reviews the potential benefits of opportunistic salpingectomy to prevent the development of high grade serous cancers (HGSC) of the ovary/fallopian tube/peritoneum based on current evidence supporting the fallopian tube origin of disease. INTENDED USERS: Gynaecologists, obstetricians, family doctors, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, residents, and health care providers. TARGET POPULATION: Adult women (18 and older): OPTIONS: Women considering hysterectomy who wish to retain their ovaries in situ have traditionally also retained their fallopian tubes...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527601/comorbidity-and-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-renal-lithiasis-in-persons-aged-40-to-65-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Raquel Arias Vega, Luis Angel Pérula de Torres, Celia Jiménez García, Julia Carrasco Valiente, Maria José Requena Tapia, Roque Cano Castiñeira, Luis Carlos Silva Ayçaguer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Renal lithiasis is one of the most important urological diseases. It seems to be related to different socio-demographic and climatic factors, lifestyle and pre-existing comorbidity. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic variables, certain risk factors and chronic diseases and the renal lithiasis. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out, selecting the Spanish population aged from 40 to 65 years, combining 2 random samples (PreLiRenA and PreLiRenE studies)...
May 17, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527540/whispering-by-individuals-using-tracheoesophageal-speech
#20
Jeff Searl
OBJECTIVES: This study compared whispering attempts by adults using tracheoesophageal (TE) speech with those by adults with a larynx. Comparisons were based on listener judgments, visual-perceptual assessment of spectrograms, and measures of the acoustic signal. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seventeen TE and 10 laryngeal speakers produced sentences in a whisper and in their spoken voice. Listeners judged sentences as whispered or spoken...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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