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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786928/evaluation-of-medication-dose-omissions-amongst-inpatients-in-a-hospital-using-an-electronic-medication-management-system
#1
Katherine V Hunt, Andrew M Harding, Simone E Taylor, Colin Curtain
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Whilst many dose omissions cause no patient harm, inappropriate dose omissions have been associated with increased length of hospital stay, risk of sepsis, and mortality. This study aimed to comprehensively describe the prevalence and nature of omitted doses overall and of high risk medication dose omissions in an organization using an electronic Medication Management System. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was undertaken in an Australian tertiary referral health service...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786925/computed-tomographic-and-radiographic-bronchial-collapse-may-be-a-normal-characteristic-of-forced-expiration-in-dogs
#2
Hyunryung Kim, Young Joo Kim, Hanbin Lee, Taegeon An, Jin Yu, Hyounglok Yoon, Gayeon An, Jaihyun Jung, Jinhwa Chang, Dongwoo Chang
Tracheobronchomalacia has been diagnosed using radiography or bronchoscopy to confirm bronchial changes in luminal diameter during the respiratory cycle. However, studies in healthy humans suggest that some degree of bronchial collapse may be observed during the normal respiratory cycle. In this analytical study, the luminal diameter of the bronchus to each of the six pulmonary lobes and the mean percentage of expiratory collapse from end inspiratory, end expiratory, and two forced expiratory phases (10 and 15 ml/kg) were determined via computed tomography (CT) and radiography in 22 healthy Beagle dogs...
May 22, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786835/bilateral-asymmetry-of-the-humerus-in-neandertals-australian-aborigines-and-medieval-humans
#3
Anna Maria Kubicka, Wioletta Nowaczewska, Antoine Balzeau, Janusz Piontek
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral asymmetry of diaphyseal shape and size may be a reflection of relative activity levels and patterns of habitual biomechanical stress in the upper arms of Neandertals and Homo sapiens. The main purpose of our study was to assess the level of directional asymmetry of humeral cross sections in Neandertals, recent Australian aborigines, and medieval farmers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indices of directional and absolute asymmetry (%DA and %AA) of humeral cross-sectional properties in Neandertals and recent Homo sapiens were calculated...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786625/differences-in-glenohumeral-joint-rotation-and-peak-power-output-between-super-league-and-championship-rugby-league-players
#4
Matthew R Haines
Haines, MR. Differences in glenohumeral joint rotation and peak power output between Super League and Championship Rugby League players. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1685-1691, 2018-Rugby league is a high-intensity sport with large impact forces sustained during play, resulting in high prevalence of shoulder injury. Consequently, shoulder strength and player power are important considerations for injury prevention and performance. Additionally, professional teams regularly compete against semiprofessional teams, where differences in physical conditioning could be marked...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786526/application-of-multiple-behaviour-change-models-to-identify-determinants-of-farmers-biosecurity-attitudes-and-behaviours
#5
I F Richens, J Houdmont, W Wapenaar, O Shortall, J Kaler, H O'Connor, M L Brennan
It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786516/immediate-or-deferred-adjustment-of-drug-regimens-in-multidose-drug-dispensing-systems
#6
Bram J Mertens, Henk-Frans Kwint, Rob J van Marum, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Multidose drug dispensing (MDD) is used to help patients take their medicines appropriately. Little is known about drug regimen changes within these MDD systems and how they are effectuated by the community pharmacist. Manual immediate adjustments of the MDD system could introduce dispensing errors. MDD guidelines therefore recommend to effectuate drug regimen changes at the start of a new MDD system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency, type, procedure followed, immediate necessity, and time taken to make MDD adjustments...
May 18, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786510/biochemical-markers-of-hypertension-prehypertension
#7
L Turgunova, B Koichubekov, A Turmuhambetova, M Sorokinam, Y E Laryushina, I Korshukov, A Shalygina, B Baidildina
OBJECTIVE: There are insufficient researches aimed at evaluating biochemical markers of mechanisms of formation of AH and lesion of target organs in hypertension and prehypertension. The aim of that research was to study the level of endothelial dysfunction markers and damage to the cardiovascular system in hypertension and prehypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 938 people aged 18 to 65 years. All respondents were surveyed, blood pressure measured, for glucose, cholesterol, interleukin-6, sFAS, LIGHT, hFABP, NT-ProBNP and an Endocan concentrations were tested...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786461/gender-and-diagnostic-impact-on-everyday-technology-use-a-differential-item-functioning-dif-analysis-of-the-everyday-technology-use-questionnaire-etuq
#8
Anders Kottorp, Camilla Malinowsky, Maria Larsson-Lund, Louise Nygård
BACKGROUND: As the use of everyday technology is increasingly important for participation in daily activities, more in-depth knowledge of everyday technology use in relation to diagnosis and gender is needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of the perceived challenge of a variety of everyday technologies across different samples of varying diagnoses including both males and females. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used 643 data records from clinical and research samples, including persons with dementia or related disorders, acquired brain injury, intellectual disability, various mental or medical disorders, and adults without known diagnoses...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786450/atrial-fibrillation-symptom-clusters-and-associated-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis
#9
Megan Streur, Sarah J Ratcliffe, David Callans, M Benjamin Shoemaker, Barbara Riegel
BACKGROUND: Symptom clusters among adults with atrial fibrillation have previously been identified but no study has examined the relationship between symptom clusters and outcomes. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify atrial fibrillation-specific symptom clusters, characterize individuals with each cluster, and determine whether symptom cluster membership is associated with healthcare utilization. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional secondary data analysis of 1501 adults from the Vanderbilt Atrial Fibrillation Registry with verified atrial fibrillation...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786138/association-of-different-immunosuppressive-medications-with-periodontal-condition-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Dirk Ziebolz, Annegret Rupprecht, Jan Schmickler, Laura Bothmann, Juliane Krämer, Daniel Patschan, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer F Mausberg, Jana Schmidt, Gerhard Schmalz, Susann Patschan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate clinical periodontal findings as well as prevalence of selected potentially periodontal pathogenic bacteria in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with different immunosuppressive rheumatic medications. METHODS: 168 patients with RA undergoing different immunosuppressive medications were included and divided into subgroups according to their medication, which was taken in the past six months, in detail I) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and glucocorticoids combined, and II-VII) different disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs): II) Methotrexate (MTX), III) Leflunomide, IV) MTX and TNF-α antagonists combined, V) Interleukin-6 (IL-6) antagonist, VI) MTX and Rituximab combined, and VII) combination therapies of more than two of these DMARDs...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786086/the-effect-of-autoimmune-retinopathy-on-retinal-vessel-oxygen-saturation
#11
Maria Waizel, Cengiz Türksever, Margarita G Todorova
PURPOSE: To study the retinal vessel oxygen saturation alterations in patients with autoimmune retinopathy (AIR) and patients with autoimmune retinopathy associated with retinitis pigmentosa (AIR-RP) in comparison with healthy controls and patients with isolated retinitis pigmentosa (RP). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, and non-interventional study. SUBJECTS: Retinal vessel oximetry (RO) was performed on a total of 139 eyes: six eyes suffering from AIR and four eyes with AIR-RP were compared to 59 healthy control eyes and to 70 eyes with RP...
May 22, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786024/needs-assessment-of-ophthalmology-education-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-study-from-a-medical-college-in-south-india
#12
Karuppannasamy Divya, Kannappan Suvetha, Alo Sen, Devisundaram Sundar
Background: Adequate ophthalmic diagnostic and clinical skills are essential for practitioners in primary care settings as well as specialty care physicians. The objectives of this study were to assess the adequacy of ophthalmology teaching in undergraduate medical education and to evaluate the comfort of medical students in diagnosing common eye problems and performing ophthalmic skills. Methods: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among third-year undergraduate students from a medical college in South India at the end of ophthalmology training from February 2014 to December 2014...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786022/personality-traits-predict-a-medical-student-preference-to-pursue-a-career-in-surgery
#13
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Giovanni Genovese, Giuseppa Gallo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Fortunato Battaglia
Background: In this study, we examined the impact of personality traits, assessed with the psychopathic personality inventory revised version (PPI-R), on medical students' likelihood of selecting a surgical specialty. Methods: This is a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of 360 4th -year medical students at a single university. We used the PPI-R previously developed to evaluate "adaptive" traits within nonclinical (student) populations. Students were asked to express their specialty of choice...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785995/impact-on-the-pattern-of-ocular-injuries-and-awareness-following-a-ban-on-firecrackers-in-new-delhi-a-tertiary-eye-hospital-based-study
#14
Amar Pujari, Atul Kumar, Rohan Chawla, Sudarshan Khokhar, Divya Agarwal, Meghal Gagrani, Namrata Sharma, Pradeep Sharma
Purpose: To review the nature of firecracker-related ocular injuries at a tertiary eye hospital in northern India following the firecracker ban and also to review the level of awareness among the victims. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study involving the patients presenting with firecracker-related ocular injuries from October 18 to 27, 2017 were assessed for demographic distribution, detailed ocular evaluation, and a questionnaire related to the awareness about the injuries...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785976/the-study-of-attenuation-levels-and-the-comfort-of-earplugs
#15
Alessandra G Samelli, Raquel F Gomes, Tiago V Chammas, Bárbara G Silva, Renata R Moreira, Ana C Fiorini
Introduction: This study aimed to analyze and compare four different types of earplugs, divided into premolded plugs and foam plug models, in relation to the level of attenuation, comfort, and the size of the external acoustic meatus (EAM) in an attempt to identify how these variables influence the choice of specific hearing protection devices (HPDs). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed in a sample of 49 participants, oriented toward the ideal placement of four HPDs, two premolded and two foam plugs (3M™)...
May 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785941/life-style-and-risk-of-atypical-eating-disorders-in-university-students-reality-versus-perception
#16
Olga Castelao-Naval, Ascensión Blanco-Fernández, Carmen Marina Meseguer-Barros, Israel J Thuissard-Vasallo, Begoña Cerdá, Mar Larrosa
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this paper were to determine weight status, eating, and alcohol drinking and smoking habits of university students, to determine the association between these variables with negative self-perception of their eating habits and to assess the risk of developing eating disorders. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 university students. The parameters analyzed were: nutritional status, eating habits, alcohol/ tobacco consumption, and risk of eating disorder...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785938/decision-making-in-end-of-life-care-are-we-really-playing-together-in-the-same-team
#17
M M Lomero-Martínez, M F Jiménez-Herrera, M A Bodí-Saera, M Llauradó-Serra, N Masnou-Burrallo, E Oliver-Juan, A Sandiumenge-Camps
BACKGROUND: Limitation of life-sustaining treatment is increasingly common in critical care units, and controlled donation after circulatory death is starting to be included as an option within patient care plans. Lack of knowledge and misunderstandings can place a barrier between healthcare professionals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions, knowledge and attitudes of physicians and nurses working in intensive care units regarding Limitation of life-sustaining treatment and controlled donation after circulatory death...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785924/preliminary-evidence-for-the-absence-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-gabon-a-cross-sectional-pilot-survey-in-humans-and-definitive-hosts
#18
Felix Lötsch, Ghyslain Mombo-Ngoma, Johannes Mischlinger, Mirjam Groger, Luzia Veletzky, Ayôla Akim Adegnika, Bertrand Lell, Selidji Todagbe Agnandji, Marielle Bouyou-Akotet, Markus Obermüller, Marion Wassermann, Renate Schneider, Herbert Auer, Michael Ramharter
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a globally endemic zoonosis caused by the larval stage of the Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) complex. Although the disease is known to be highly prevalent in certain parts of North and East Africa, data on CE, both in humans and definitive hosts, are extremely scarce for Central Africa. The present study assessed the epidemiology of CE in humans and dogs in rural Gabon. An ultrasound and serologic survey was conducted in volunteers from rural villages in Gabon. A two-step approach was used for serological testing with an indirect hemagglutination assay as a screening test and Western Blot as a confirmatory test...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785888/the-impact-of-oprm1-s-genetic-polymorphisms-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-opioid-addicts-a-systematic-review
#19
Bilel Oueslati, Olfa Moula, Rim Ghachem
AIM: Methadone is a long-acting opioid receptor agonist. It is prescribed to patients with opioid-related use disorders. The OPRM1 gene encodes for methadone's main receptor. It appears that polymorphisms in OPRM1 may affect the efficacy of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to identify all relevant published papers dealing with the impact ofOPRM1's SNPs  on MMT's efficacy and to summarize results in order to evaluate the relevance of conducting pretherapeutic genotyping in opioid addicts prior to the onset of MMT...
May 22, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#20
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
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